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VISSIM 8 INTRODUCTION WORKSHOP www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.comwww.ptvgroup.com SIGIT W. PRASETYA

VISSIM 8 INTRODUCTION WORKSHOP

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SIGIT W. PRASETYA

Director TRANSFORUM

PTV Certified Trainer

THE TRANSPORTATION CHALLENGES

OF TODAY AND TOMORROW

Insufficient

road safety

Climate

change &

GHG,

pollution,

noise

Urbanization

?

Congestion

Accessibility

&

affordability

of transport

services

Motorization

THE TRANSPORTATION CHALLENGES

OF TODAY AND TOMORROW

Road Safety

Reduction of

GHG, Noise,

Pollution

Transportation

Planning

Transportation

Network /

Model

Traffic

Management

Public

Transport

Traffic

Engineering

TRANSPORTATION MODELLING ANSWERING QUESTIONS!

of new road infrastructure

 of new road infrastructure

of new developments

New

Commercial

zone

of mobilty pricing

Maut Peage
Maut
Peage

of regulative actions

 of regulative actions
of mobilty pricing Maut Peage  of regulative actions www.ptvgroup.com  of Public Transport changes H
of mobilty pricing Maut Peage  of regulative actions www.ptvgroup.com  of Public Transport changes H

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of Public Transport changes

 of Public Transport changes H
H
H

of demographical changes

 of demographical changes

Of changing fuel costs

Super

1
1

Diesel

1
1
9 9 , 9 5 ,
9
9
,
9
5
,

of new signal programs

 
Program 1   Program 2

Program 1

 

Program 2

t C = =

t

g1

60s

20s

t C = t

=

g1

90s

30s

t

g2 =

28s

t

g2 =

48s

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Transportation Modeling Approaches www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com Modeling of individual vehicles and their

Transportation Modeling Approaches

Transportation Modeling Approaches www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com Modeling of individual vehicles and their
Transportation Modeling Approaches www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com Modeling of individual vehicles and their

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Modeling of individual vehicles and their interactions (PTV Vissim)

Modeling of individual vehicles which move

Modeling of individual vehicles but based on

through the network based

simplified assumptions

on macroscopic properties

regarding their behaviors

Vehicles move through the network as packages of vehicles

Cell based approaches

Modeling of traffic using the relationship between

aggregated quantities like flow, speed, density

(PTV Visum)

Transportation Modeling Tools www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com

Transportation Modeling Tools

Transportation Modeling Tools www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com
Transportation Modeling Tools www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com

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WHEN TO USE PTV VISION TRAFFIC SUITE?

Regional and Citywide Strategic Planning

Large-scale Traffic Studies, Small-scale Plans

Localized Operations, Traffic

Impact Analyses / Studies for

Improvement Identification

Detailed Operational Analysis /

Design Analysis

Visum

Analyses / Studies for Improvement Identification Detailed Operational Analysis / Design Analysis Visum Vistro Vissim

Vistro

Analyses / Studies for Improvement Identification Detailed Operational Analysis / Design Analysis Visum Vistro Vissim

Vissim

Detailed Operational Analysis / Design Analysis Visum Vistro Vissim www.ptvgroup.com P a g e 7

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Page 7

What is VISUM?

1.

Transportation Planning Platform

2.

Integrated Multimodal Network Model

3.

Windows Interface

4.

Extensive GIS Functionalities

5.

Advanced Environment for Assignment

6.

Analysis and Optimisation of Networks

7.

Transportation Intelligence for public

and private transport

6. Analysis and Optimisation of Networks 7. Transportation Intelligence for public and private transport

Short Introduction to Transportation Modelling

Travel Demand modelling

Assignment

Short Introduction to Transportation Modelling – Travel Demand modelling – Assignment

How do we model travel demand?

Demand for activities ?

How do we model travel demand? Demand for activities ? Which mode ? By foot? By
How do we model travel demand? Demand for activities ? Which mode ? By foot? By

Which mode ?

we model travel demand? Demand for activities ? Which mode ? By foot? By bike? By

By foot?

By bike?

By car? By PuT? café 3
By car?
By PuT?
café 3

Which destination ?

café 1 3000m café 2 café 3
café 1
3000m
café 2
café 3

Which route ?

1 café 3 2
1
café 3
2

Traffic demand models the famous 4 steps

1. Trip Generation 2. Trip Distribution
1. Trip Generation
2. Trip Distribution
3. Mode Choice
3. Mode Choice
4. Assignment
4. Assignment
Traffic demand models – the famous 4 steps 1. Trip Generation 2. Trip Distribution 3. Mode

Analysing Transport Demand

Desire Lines

to display structure and volumes of O-D relations,

typically based on an aggregate matrix (main zones)

Lines – to display structure and volumes of O-D relations, – typically based on an aggregate

What is an assignment?

What is an assignment?
What is an assignment?

What is an assignment?

What is an assignment?
What is an assignment?
What is an assignment?

The first iteration

60min 30min
60min
30min

The solution: the equilibrium

28min 25min 16min 13min
28min
25min
16min
13min

SOME BASICS PTV VISION SUITE

STRATEGIC PLANNING

OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS

REAL-TIME TRAFFIC

MANAGEMENT

PTV Vissim

Planning tool for detailed, operational level analysis

Multi-modal microscopic simulation

operational level analysis  Multi-modal microscopic simulation www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com P a g e 1 7

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Page 17

OVERVIEW OF SIMULATION MODELING WITH VISSIM

Some previous applications of VISSIM includes:

Feasibility and traffic impact studies

Easy comparison of design alternative (stop sign and signalised controlled intersection,

roundabouts, grade separated interchanges, etc)

Capacity and operations analyses of complex station (rail and bus systems)

Evaluation and optimisation of traffic operations (coordinated and actuated traffic

signals)

Evaluation and fine tuning of signal control logic using VAP and built in signal control

packages such as SCATS, SCOOT

Pedestrian flows in streets and buildings allow for a wide range of new applications

The VISSIM package internally consists of two parts

Traffic simulator

Microscopic traffic flow simulation model; including car following and lane change logic

Signal state generator

Signal control software

Taking detector information from traffic simulator (time step basis down to 1/10 of a sec)

Determines the signal state for the next time step and returns this to the traffic simulator

the signal state for the next time step and returns this to the traffic simulator www.ptvgroup.com

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Page 18

KAJI SOFTWARE VISSIM SOFTWARE 1997 and NEVER updated First developed 1992 and ALWAYS updated Pendekatan
KAJI SOFTWARE VISSIM SOFTWARE 1997 and NEVER updated First developed 1992 and ALWAYS updated Pendekatan
KAJI SOFTWARE VISSIM SOFTWARE 1997 and NEVER updated First developed 1992 and ALWAYS updated Pendekatan

KAJI SOFTWARE

VISSIM SOFTWARE

1997 and NEVER updated

First

developed

1992 and ALWAYS updated

Pendekatan empiris di kota-kota besar di Indonesia

Analysis

Pendekatan empiris di wilayah kajian saat ini

saat itu kemudian diformulasikan dengan varian penyesuaian yang mempengaruhi perilaku lalu

method

kemudian disimulasikan sesuai dengan model dasar lalu lintas dari pergerakan kendaraan

lintas

Terbatas pada aplikasi sebuah segmen tertutup; tidak dapat mengukur kinerja jaringan keseluruhan

Scope of

application

Ruang lingkup aplikasi berkisar dari berbagai isu untuk tujuan ilustrasi dan komunikasi untuk publik

Data volume menggunakan Satuan Mobil

Penumpang (SMP) sehingga lalu lintas yang digunakan selalu mengasumsikan besaran mobil

penumpang

Base volume

input

Data volume menggunakan Satuan Kendaraan

dengan simulasi multi-modal mampu memperhitungkan lebih dari satu jenis lalu lintas

Kapasitas dasar dihitung berdasarkan jumlah lajur mobil karena satuan yang dipakai adalah SMP

Capacity

factor

Kapasitas jalan dipengaruhi oleh jumlah lajur jalan, karakteristik dan perilaku pergerakan kendaraan

DOS/Windows 97/XP/Vista

OS Computer

Windows 7/8/10

perilaku pergerakan kendaraan DOS/Windows 97/XP/Vista OS Computer Windows 7/8/10 www.ptvgroup.com P a g e 1 9

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Page 19

OVERVIEW OF SIMULATION MODELING WITH VISSIM

OVERVIEW OF SIMULATION MODELING WITH VISSIM What is the maximum network size that VISSIM can handle?

What is the maximum network size that VISSIM can handle?

What is the maximum network size that VISSIM can handle?  There is no built-in limit

There is no built-in limit to the network size that VISSIM can handle

Maximum network size is only limited by computer resources

Apart of hardware, the simulation speed mainly depends on the number vehicles

simultaneously simulated in the network, number of signal controls, and number

of possible paths (when dynamic assignment is used)

number of possible paths (when dynamic assignment is used) What are typical times to create a

What are typical times to create a VISSIM network?

The geometric coding can be finished within few hours for the simple 4-leg junctions

Coding an existing signal control depends heavily on the on the control logic

signal control depends heavily on the on the control logic www.ptvgroup.com What is general process for
signal control depends heavily on the on the control logic www.ptvgroup.com What is general process for

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What is general process for developing a VISSIM model?

There is 5 steps to developing a VISSIM model, i.e.:

a)

Identification of model scope (geographic and temporal)

b)

Data collection and preparation

c)

Base model development (network coding)

d)

Error Checking

e)

Model calibration and validation

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DATA REQUIREMENTS

GEOMETRIC DATA
GEOMETRIC DATA

Roadway segments length, width, gradient and number of lanes

Intersection length, width, gradient and number of lanes include lane designations and the

storage length of designated turn pocket.

Field observations are required to determine unusual network geometry and driving behavior

TRAFFIC DATA
TRAFFIC DATA

Speed changes, intersection control device (e.g. stop, yield and signal head), locations and signal-

timing plans

The location where vehicles modify their desired speeds are also required. Speed changes in

VISSIM can be temporary or permanent.

Speed in VISSIM is defined as a distribution rather than a fixed value; it’s an important parameter

that has a significant influence on roadway capacity and achievable travel speeds.

Link entry volumes can be defined for different time period in terms of vehicles per hours if time

period is different from one hour.

VEHICLE CHARACTERISTICS
VEHICLE CHARACTERISTICS

Vehicle compositions and dimensions include maximum acceleration and maximum deceleration

Default setting passenger car, single-unit truck, trailer truck, single-unit bus and articulated bus

passenger car, single-unit truck, trailer truck, single-unit bus and articulated bus www.ptvgroup.com P a g e

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Page 21

DATA REQUIREMENTS

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Page 22

DATA REQUIREMENTS

SIGNAL CONTROL

SIGNAL CONTROLLER TYPES IN VISSIM

SG Based

Controller

Vissig

fix.

„Stage Based“

Virtual Controller:

SCOOT, SCATS,

. „Stage Based“ Virtual Controller: SCOOT, SCATS, … www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com Signal Control Type ext.

www.ptvgroup.com

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Signal Control

Type

ext.

External Controller:

RBC, McCain, D4

act.

VAP/VisVAP

Other External

Controller:

Signal API, COM

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DATA REQUIREMENTS SIGNAL CONTROL

VAP/VISVAP: ACTUATED SIGNAL CONTROL

Flowchart based programming

SG based or stage based

Any kind of signal control logic

Vehicle Actuation PT Preemption

• …

control logic • Vehicle Actuation • PT Preemption • … www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com P a g e

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Page 24

MODEL DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS Control Network Traffic - Unsignalized - Roadway - Vehicles & Routing -
MODEL DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS
Control
Network
Traffic
- Unsignalized
- Roadway
- Vehicles & Routing
- Signals
- Transit
- Behavior
NETWORK
NETWORK

VISSIM uses a link-connector structure to provide a flexible representation of the network geometry. Links

are the basic network element representing roadway

segments with a specific direction; and they are connected by Connectors for continuing traffic.

CONTROL
CONTROL
TRAFFIC
TRAFFIC

Traffic building block is used to represent the vehicular movements in the network. Traffic demand in VISSIM is specified by traffic composition, Vehicle volume, and travel routes.

Results &

Interfacing

It’s required to define how traffic behaves in case conflicting movements. The control element in a VISSIM

network include stop signs, conflict areas, priorities rules

and signal heads for intersection control; speed reduction areas and desired speed decision points for speed

changes; and routing decision points for routing control.

points for speed changes ; and routing decision points for routing control. www.ptvgroup.com P a g

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Page 25

Results and Interfacing

Aggregated

Results

Results and Interfacing Aggregated Results www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com Raw Data (Protocols) Simulation Video P a g

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Raw Data (Protocols)

Simulation

Video

Page 26

Simulation Result:

INTEGRATION WITH PUBLIC TRANSPORT

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Page 27

Simulation Result:

SIMULASI SIMPANG

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Page 28

RESULTS

Aggregated Results

RESULTS Aggregated Results www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com Raw Data (Protocols) P a g e 2 9

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Raw Data (Protocols)

Page 29

RESULTS IN LISTS

R E S U L T S I N L I S T S www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com

www.ptvgroup.com

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Can also be exported to

text files and data bases

Page 30

AGENDA : VISSIM 8 - INTRODUCTION WORKSHOP

Session #1
Session #1

Background Image

Developing Model Network

Vehicle Inputs and Static Routes

Signal Controller (fixed time)

Conflict Area & Priority Rules

INSTALATION

Session #2
Session #2

Node Results

Parking Lots

Static 3D Models

3D Traffic Signals

AVI Recording

 Select ENGLISH  then click “NEXT” Double Left Click
 Select ENGLISH
 then click “NEXT”
Double Left Click
 AVI Recording  Select ENGLISH  then click “NEXT” Double Left Click www.ptvgroup.com P a

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Page 32

Basic TutorialAdvanced

PTV VISSIM TRAINING COURSES

Modelling Basics Using Microscopic

Traffic Flow Simulation with PTV Vissim

(3 days)

Modelling Vehicle- Actuated Signal Programs with VisVAP (1 day)

Extending PTV Vissim using the COM interface (1 day)

Pedestrian simulation

with PTV Viswalk

(1 day)

Individual training and In-house training : Available on request

 Individual training and In-house training : Available on request www.ptvgroup.com www.ptvgroup.com P a g e

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Page 33

http://cgi.ptvgroup.com/php/lng/vision_student_download.php?lng=en www.ptvgroup.com P a g e 3 4

http://cgi.ptvgroup.com/php/lng/vision_student_download.php?lng=en

http://cgi.ptvgroup.com/php/lng/vision_student_download.php?lng=en www.ptvgroup.com P a g e 3 4

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Page 34

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Page 35

Size of software packages

VISUM size

0

1

2

3

4

5

Number of zones

100

400

1,000

3,000

5,000

7,500

Number of time profiles

1,000

10,000

30,000

50,000

80,000

120,000

VISSIM size

           

Number of signalized intersections

3

20

50

unlimited

unlimited

unlimited

Size of road network lin X- or Y- directions (km)

1.5 x 1.5

10 x 10

100 x 100

unlimited

unlimited

unlimited

Pedestrian simulation size

           

Maximum number of pedestrians simultaneously

 

10,000

50,000

100,000

   

in system

WHO ARE PTV CUSTOMERS WORLDWIDE? www.ptvgroup.com

WHO ARE PTV CUSTOMERS WORLDWIDE?

www.ptvgroup.com

About TRANSFORUM

TRANSFORUM = TRANSportation FORUM

TRANSFORUM is professional training provider, independent research group and consulting firm; partnering with central and local authorities, the banking sector, and

private entities, in providing multidisciplinary knowledge and microscopically analysis with

range of issues especially in TRANSPORT and INFRASTRUCTURE development. We have been working close to many clients to accommodate the interest group of investors,

operators, lenders, communities and regulators within knowledge and expertise sharing in terms of transport services and infrastructure provision in Indonesia. In several years

operation, we have trained more than 1,000 professionals and decision makers in the

prominent companies of Indonesia 2008 2009 PTV 26 Customers 160+ Users Company Partner 50+ Licenses
prominent companies of Indonesia
2008
2009 PTV
26 Customers
160+ Users
Company
Partner
50+ Licenses
Incorporation
Engagement
(Academic, Public, Private)

Distribution map of the existing customers

VISWALK, Banda Aceh 6% VISTRO, 6% VISUM, Medan VISSIM, 29% 59% Palembang Jakarta Semarang Banjarmasin
VISWALK,
Banda Aceh
6%
VISTRO, 6%
VISUM,
Medan
VISSIM,
29%
59%
Palembang
Jakarta
Semarang
Banjarmasin
Lampung
Surabaya
Makassar
Bandung
Yogyakarta
Jember
Bali

global customers

global customers

academia perspectives

academia perspectives

PTV locations worldwide

Branches Partners
Branches
Partners
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