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History and Reflections:

Sucker-Rod Pumping

No Disclaimers
713-666-1071 3000 years in 35+ minutes
joedunncle@aol.com
Introduction: Sucker-Rod-Lift/Pumping-System
Chain:* links
Prime Mover (eng. or m)
(Controllers)
Sheaves & V-Belts
Units (various)
Polished Rod & clamp
Stuffing Box
Tree (Wellhead)
Rods
Tubing & Anchor
Pump
Gas Anchor (separator)
Miscellaneous

* Gibson & Swain 2


ANCHIENT History
China

Egypt Rome

(animal power)
Russia
Azerbaijan, Baku
Industrial Age

Sucker-Rod
Pumping:
Steam
Powered

1712:
Thomas
Newcomen

1763:
James Watt
Mines
Colonel Edwin Drake Discovery: 1859

Start of the US Oil Industry


RODS:1860s-Wooden; 1890s- Iron; 1910s+ Steel

1913: Oil Well Supply Co: Simplex


Pumping Jack w/ central power.
Then slow speed gas engine 1920+

1925:
Trout of Lufkin patents
the counterbalanced
oilfield pumping
jack
World War I Period

API Established in 1919


First STANDARDS in 1924
Recommended Practices
(directed at the producers)
Specifications
(directed at the manufacturers)

Improved in 1970s
The Lean Years: 1929-1939 Downhole
Dynagraph
Card: 1936*
Improved
*Gilbert
Design
Methods: Top
Mills, Marsh,
Coberly

All
empirical
TV SV

Bottom
of Stroke
After W E Gilbert 1936: Later (1960s) by Sam Gibbs (12 min)
Sucker-Rod-Lift/Pumping-System
1950s: My early years
BC:
Before Computers

Empirical Equations
Design Selection
Purchase
Install

AGE OF
ELECTRIC MOTORS
10
Typical Gas Anchor Performance:
100 (1952 to 1962)
STB All Free Gas Vented RB
Pump
Eff An Effective Gas Anchor If Not Overloaded
% Little
Free No
gas Free
50
Gas
Poorboy

All Free Gas Pumped

0
0 Pump Intake Pressure (psig) Pb Pr
2 4
3

5 6
1
1950s: Typical Surface Dynamometer Card
CHECK
Area = PRHP Permission
< PM Appointment
Location
Installation
o Stabilize
Stylus
Card
TV Load
TV
SV
SV Load CB
Remove
Return
Analysis
Zero Load
Based on work by SRPRI: they
Retained Midwest Research
Institute of KC

Non-
Non-
Dimensional
Dimensional
Rod Load :
Stroke
Length
6 curve graphs

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6

ND SPEED FACTOR . SPM


Natural Frequency
Early 1960s:
Use of the Gibbs wave equation
In Sucker-rod Design

7.1
Technology Advances in Sucker-Rod Pumping Analysis:
1940 & 1960 : (Johnson Fagg) DYNAMOMETER
1961:LOAD CELL &
DISPLACEMENT RECORDER

Lockheed LC
Sanbourn Recorder
strip chart:
Load vs Time
YOYO Displacement
Recorder:
Distance vs Time

1960s Wave Equation: Design (good)& Well (poor)


1970+ Computer @ well: NABLA: Design (Time-Share)
1980+ Data transfer or Computer @ well.
Denver Unit systemWasson Field
OK
Surveillance today
50+ years

Well
Production
History

Instructions
Good luck.
Keep up the
good work.
65 YEARS

Prepare for the


Next oil boom
When oil is
$100/bbl.?
In 2020 !