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Jim Crow & Jim Crow Laws

Jose Martinez, Kenneth Thompson, Juan Valdovino & John Xiong

Warm Up
What do you know about the Jim Crow Laws?
Anticipatory Set
Objective: Students will be able to understand what the Jim
Crow Laws are and how they affected America
Who was Jim Crow? What are the Jim Crow Laws?
Jim Crow - A fictional character who was portrayed as a clumsy,
dimwitted slave or slang term for a black man

Jim Crow Laws - Often used to describe the segregation laws,

rules and customs that were implemented in the 1800s and
eventually abolished in 1964
Jim Crow Laws
The Jim Crow laws affected the lifestyle of everyone. In South
Carolina, black and white textile workers could not work in the
same room, enter through the same door, or even gaze out the
same window.

The Jim Crow laws were also based on the theory of white
supremacy and was a reflection to the Reconstruction
Jim Crow Laws
Starting in 1890, Louisiana General Assembly passed a law to prevent black and white
people from riding together on railroads.

With this one law being passed it was only the start of what is known today as the
worst racial segregations in American history

Sadly, the Jim Crow laws did not account for all the discrimination the blacks suffered
Jim Crow Laws
In 1896, the Plessy v. Ferguson case challenged the law passed in 1890 in which
separated the whites and blacks from riding on the railroads together. The Supreme
Court said that the public facilities for blacks and whites could be separate but equal,
soon in the South, they had to separate

Eventually in 1909, Mobile had passed a Jim Crow curfew in which blacks could not
leave their homes past 10 P.M. Signs marked Whites only or Colored hung above
doors, ticket windows, and drinking fountains
Jim Crow Laws
As time progresses, more Jim Crow laws were passed and got exponentially worse.
African Americans really questioned if it would get any better in the path in which it
was going.

In 1914, Texas had six entire towns in which blacks could not live in. Georgia had
separate black and white parks, Oklahoma had separate black phone booths and white
phone booths. Even in New York, unwritten rules barred blacks from white jobs and
kept blacks out of white stores in Los Angeles.

Prisons, hospitals, and orphanages were segregated as were schools and even colleges
Jim Crow Laws
Even in North Carolina black and white students used separate sets of textbooks.

Atlanta courts kept two bibles: one for black witnesses and one for the white witnesses

Virginia told frats that black and white members could not address each other as

With all these new Jim Crow laws came the revival of the Ku Klux Klan, in 1915 they
used venom and violence to keep blacks in their place.
Jim Crow Laws
More than 360,000 black men served in World War 1. The country welcomed them
home with 25 race riots, the worst being in Chicago. White mobs lynched the black
veterans in their uniform. With this, African Americans had enough and eventually
started to fight back. The back Americans who fought back were apart of the NCAAP
(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) and the Urban League
who publicized abuses and worked for redress
Jim Crow Laws
After WWI, more Jim Crow laws were passed through the 1920s-1930s

WWII was the drawing point for America, and it changed America itself inside and
out. The link between white supremacy and Hitlers master race could not be ignored
by all

In 1944, a Swede (a citizen who lived in Sweden) visited the South and pronounced
the segregation was so complete that whites did not see blacks except when being
served by them
Jim Crow Laws
Jim Crow shocked the United Nations delegates(a person sent to represent others)
who reported home about the practice of segregation

In 1948, President Harry Truman took decisive action to promote racial equality. He
urged congress to abolish the poll tax, enforce fair voting and hiring practices, and end
Jim Crow transportation between states

As commander in chief, Truman ordered the complete integration of the armed forces.
With that he did not end racism, but, trained to obey commands, officers complied as
best as they could. Eventually in the 1950s, the integrated US forces fought their first
war in Korea
Jim Crow Laws
In 1950, the NCAAP decided to challenge the concept of separate but equal. Fed up
with poor, overcrowded schools, black parents in South Carolina and Virginia sued to
get their children into white schools

In both cases, federal courts upheld segregation. Both times the parents appealed.

In a similar case, Delawares Supreme Court ordered a district to admit black students
to white schools until adequate classrooms could be provided for blacks, This time the
district appealed
Jim Crow Laws
The Supreme Court eventually agreed to consider these three cases in combination
with one another. In Topeka, Kansas, where schools for blacks and whites were equally
good, Oliver Brown wanted his 8-year old daughter, Linda, to attend a school close to
home. State law prevented the white school from accepting Linda because she was

On May 17th, 1954, the nine Supreme Court Justices announced their unanimous
decision in the four cases, now grouped as Brown v. Board of Education
Guided Practice - Write On paper

1. Who was Thomas Dartmouth?

2. Where did the name Jim Crow come from?
3. What year was the Jim Crow Law passed?
4. How many African Americans served in World War I?
5. What time did African Americans have to be in bed by?
Independent practice
Closure -Exit Slip- 5 mins
1. What was the song that Thomas Dartmouth wrote to discriminate African
Americans called?