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# v 1.

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## A SS OCIA TE D C ONS ULTIN G E NGI NEE RS - A CE (P vt. ) Ltd.

PROJECT DESIGN & MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS (PDMC)
1-C/ 2, M. M. ALAM ROA D, GULBERG I II - LA HORE - P AKIS TAN

Calc by AS Job/File Nr
WALL DESIGN CALCULATIONS
Checked by SSI Date Dec-11
PROJECT Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
Component (New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Description Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)
File name 'file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/350446389.xls'#\$SI units

Basic Data:-

R Wall - Top EL 35.7m, Floor EL 24m, Base Slab @ 1.50m, Fill as given, Angle of Repose @ 30 deg, NPL 31m, Water EL 31m, Normal
Condt, W(top) @ 0.5m, Batter 1H:__V, fc' @ 21Mpa, fy @ 425Mpa, FD @ 1.4, FL @ 1.7, Hf @ 1.3

1 - Input Data
Height of stem HH = 2.00 m Contents

## Top width of stem BT = 0.30 m 2 - Uplift Pressures

Wall Batter slope V = H1:V10.00 3 - Summary of Stability Analyses
Height of backfill HT = 2.50 m 3A - Static Analysis

## Length of toe LT = 0.50 m 4A - Downward forces

Length of base L = 2.50 m 4B - Upward Forces
Thickness of base Hb = 0.50 m 5 - Earth Pressure Coefficients

## Depth of shear key Hk = 0m 5A - Coefficient of Active Earth Pressure

Bottom width of shear key Bk = 0m 5B - Coefficient of Passive Earth Pressure (Toe side)

## Slope of shear key Vk = H1:V1.00 6 - Lateral Forces

Height of water behind wall hh = 0.00 m 6A - Lateral Forces from backfill (Static)

## Conc 8 - Design of Stem

Density of concrete = 23.55 KN/m 3

9 - Design of Heel
Bulk density of soil b = 21.2 KN/m3
Submerged density of soil sub = 11.4 KN/m3 10 - Design of Toe

## Friction coefficient b/w concrete and soil = 0.58 -->tan()

Horiz. Earthquake acceleration h = 0.05 g
Vertical. Earthquake acceleration v = 0.03 g -->Normally (2/3 h)
Bearing Capacity = 211 KN/m2
Bar sizes to be used Required Spacing [mm]
For stem = 13.00 Y @ 162mm 700 mm2
For heel side of base slab = 13.00 Y @ 162mm 700 mm2
For toe side of base slab = 13.00 Y @ 162mm 700 mm2
For water face of stem = 13.00 Y @ 162mm 12 mm2
Shear strength capacity [Satisfactory]
Point Load on stem Pw 0 KN
Hw 0 KN

2 - Uplift Pressures
At toe (Base Level) 0 KN/m2 Wall Batter Calculations x
(Key Level) 0 KN/m2 Top (above fill) 0.00
At heel 0 KN/m2 Dry Fill 0.20
At Water face of stem 0 KN/m2 Submerged fill 0.00
At backfill face of stem 0 KN/m2 Total 0.20
At inner edge of key (Bottom) 0 KN/m2
(Top) 0 KN/m2

## 3 - Summary of Stability Analyses

3A - Static Analysis

## STABILITY CHECKS Allowable Remarks

limit
Overturning F.O.S 8.77 >2.00 ok
Sliding F.O.S 2.96 >1.50 ok
Eccentricity -0.01 m <.83m ok
Weight/Uplift force ### >1.00 ok
Bearing pressures
At toe 45 KPa < 211 KPa ok
At heel 48 KPa < 211 KPa ok
At backfill face of stem 46 KPa
At Water face of stem 46 KPa
Total Reaction = 116 KN
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
(New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)

Pw
Ws (psf)
B Hs
T

## Retaining wall variable definition

1

b

V Water Table

H
H
sub
H
T

hh
H
b
HL
hl

Vk
1
H
k
B
k
L B L
T B H

Pressure diagram
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
(New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)

3B - Earthquake Analysis
STABILITY CHECKS Allowable Remarks
limit
Overturning F.O.S 5.50 >1.50 ok
Sliding F.O.S 2.21 >1.30 ok
Eccentricity 0.09 m <.83m ok
Bearing pressures
At toe 54 KPa < 281 KPa ok
At heel 36 KPa < 281 KPa ok
Total Reaction = 112 KN

4 - Stability Calculations
4A - Downward forces
[KN/m3] y [m] x [m] W [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Base Slab 23.55 0.50 2.50 29 1.25 37
Stem a) Rect 23.55 2.00 0.30 14 0.65 9
b) Triang 23.55 2.00 0.20 5 0.87 4
c) Point load 0 0.65 0
Shear key a) Rect 23.55 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0
b) Triang 23.55 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0
Backfill (dry) a) Rect 21.20 2.00 1.50 64 1.75 111
b) Triang 21.20 2.00 0.20 4 0.93 4
Backfill (Submerged) a) Rect 11.39 0.00 1.50 0 1.75 0
b) Triang 11.39 0.00 0.00 0 1.00 0
Water on heel side a) Rect 9.81 0.00 1.50 0 1.75 0
b) Triang 9.81 0.00 0.00 0 1.00 0
Water on toe side 9.81 0.00 0.50 0 0.25 0
Forefill Dry 21.20 0.00 0.50 0 0.25 0
Subm. 11.39 0.00 0.50 0 0.25 0
Surcharge 21.20 0.00 1.70 0 1.85 0
116 165
Incremental upward force due to earthquake = v x W = -4
Incremental overturning moment due to earthquake = v x M = -6

4B - Upward Forces
x [m] up [KN/m ]
2
U [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Uplift (slab) a) Rect 2.50 0 0 1.3 0
b) Triang 2.50 0 0 1.7 0
Uplift (key) a) Rect 0.00 0 0 0.0 0
b) Triang 0.00 0 0 0.0 0
Uplift (key slope) a) Rect 0.00 0 0 0.0 0
b) Triang 0.00 0 0 0.0 0
0 0

## 5 - Earth Pressure Coefficients

5A - Coefficient of Active Earth Pressure
a) Dynamic + Static
Kae = Coefficient of total (Dynamic & Static) Earth Pressure = 0.391
2
( 1+ v ) Cos ( )
K ae =
Cos Cos 2 ( )Cos( + + )[1+ n ]2
= Angle of internal friction = 30.0

= tan-1(h/(1-v)) = 3.0
= Angle b/w backface of walls and vertical = 5.7
= Angle of friction b/w backfill and concrete = 26.0
[Ref: Foundation Design & Analysis by "Bowles" Table 11.6]
= Slope of backfill = 0.0
[Horizontal backfill]

## n = Sin( + ) Sin( -- ) = 0.46

n=
Cos( + + ) Cos( )
h = (Horiz. Earthquake acceleration)/(Gravity Acceleration) OBE = 0.05 g
[Earthquake acceleration] = 0.05 g

## v = (Vertical Earthquake acceleration)/(Gravity Acceleration) OBE = 0.03 g

[Earthquake acceleration] = 0.03 g
g = Gravity acceleration
b) Dynamic
Dynamic earth pressure increment, K e Kae - Ka = 0.05

c) Static
Ka = Coefficient of (Static) Active Earth Pressure = 0.341
Cos2 ( )
K a=
cos 2 ( )Cos ( + ) [ 1+ n ]2

Sin ( + ) Sin( - )
n=
Cos( + ) Cos( )
Sin ( + ) Sin( - )
n = n= = 0.49
Cos( + ) Cos( )
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
(New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)

## 5B - Coefficient of Passive Earth Pressure (Toe side)

Kp = Coefficient of total (Static) Passive Earth Pressure = 3.00
1+sin
K p=
1-sin
6 - Lateral Forces
6A - Lateral Forces from backfill (Static)
[KN/m3] K H [m] pp [KN/m2] P [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Due to Surcharge 21.2 0.341 2.5 0.0 0 1.3 0
Due to dry backfill 21.2 0.341 2.5 18.1 23 0.8 19
Surcharge on sub. part due to dry fill 0.0 18.1 0 0.0 0
Due to submerged backfill 11.4 0.341 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
Due to water at backfill side 9.8 1.000 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
23 19

## 6B - Lateral Forces towards backfill

[KN/m3] K H [m] pp [KN/m2] P [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Due to water at water side 9.8 1.000 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
Due to Passive fill (Dry) 21.2 3.000 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
Surcharge on sub. part due to dry fill 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
Due to Passive fill (Subm) 11.4 3.000 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
Additional resistance from other components 0.0 0
0 0

## 6C - Sesmic Incremental Lateral Forces from backfill

[KN/m3] K H [m] pp [KN/m2] P [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Due to Surcharge 21.2 0.050 2.5 0.0 0 1.7 0
Due to backfill 21.2 0.050 2.5 2.6 3 2.2 7
Seismic force of stem
a) Rect 23.6 14.1 1 1.5 1
b) Tri 23.6 4.7 0 1.2 0
Inertial forces due to earthquake h x W
Base slab 1.5 0.3 0
Stem a) Rect 0.7 1.5 1
b) Triang 0.2 1.2 0
Shear key a) Rect 0 0.0 0
b) Triang 0.0 0.0 0
7 10
7 - Calculations for Strength
f'c = Concrete cylider strength = 20.68 MPa
fy = Steel Yeild Strength = 414 MPa
b = Unit width = 1000.0 mm
fb = Strength reduction factor for bending = 0.9
fs = Strength reduction factor for shear = 0.85
FD = Dead Load factor = 1.4
FH = Earth pressure factor = 1.7
FV = Load factor for shear of base slab = 1.5
FH = Hydraulic factor moment / shear = 1.3
FEQ = Load factor for earthquake = 1.4

8 - Design of Stem
h = Thickness of section = 500.00 mm
d = Effective depth of section = 420.00 mm
= Bar size to be used as reinforcement (Stem) = 13.00 mm

## 8A - Lateral Forces at base of stem (Static)

[KN/m3] K H [m] pp [KN/m2] P [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Due to Surcharge 21.2 0.341 2.0 0.0 0 1.0 0
Due to dry backfill 21.2 0.341 2.0 14.5 14 0.7 10
Surcharge on sub. part due to dry fill 0.0 14.5 0 0.0 0
Due to submerged backfill 11.4 0.341 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
Due to water at backfill side 9.8 1.000 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0

1 With Surcharge 14 10
2 Without Surcharge 10

## 8B - Lateral Forces at base of stem (Dynamic Increment)

[KN/m3] H [m] pp [KN/m ]
2
K P [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Due to Surcharge 21.2 0.050 2.0 0.0 0 1.3 0
Due to dry backfill 21.2 0.050 2.0 2.1 2 1.3 3
Surcharge on sub. part due to dry fill 0.0 2.1 0 0.0 0
Due to submerged backfill 11.4 0.050 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0
Inertial force due to stem 0.9 1
1 With Surcharge 3 4
2 Without Surcharge 4

## 8C - (Factored) BM & SF Values

Vu [KN] Mu [KN-m]
With surcharge Without surcharge
Load Case FH ( 1.40D + 1.70H + 1.40E) = 38 29 29
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
(New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)

## Vu = Factored Shear Force = 29 KN

[Hydraulic factor for Shear] [Not Used]
Mu(sur) = Factored BM with surcharge = 29 KN-m
[Hydraulic factor is used]
Mu(no sur) = Factored BM without surcharge = 29 KN-m
Md = Design Moment = 29 KN-m
[max of (0.8*Mu(sur),Mu(no sur)]

8D - Shear Check
Vc = Nominal shear capacity of section = 271 KN > Vu

V c =
f c ' b d
[Section is safe against Shear]
w
6
8E - Reinforcement Calculation
= Reinforement ratio = 0.00044

=0. 85
f c'
fy [
1 1
2.6 Mu
2
bd f c ' ]
As = Steel Area = 184.55 mm2

## As(min.) to EF = 0.0014xbxh = 700.00 mm2

As(reqd.) on Earth Face = 700.00 mm2
Spacing for Y (13) bars = 161.57 mm

9 - Design of Heel
9A - Vertical forces (on stem face of heel)
[KN/m3] y [m] x [m] u [KN/m2] W [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Weight of heel 23.6 0.5 1.5 18 0.8 13
Surcharge 21.2 0.0 1.5 0 0.8 0
Weight of backfill (dry) 21.2 2.0 1.5 64 0.8 48
(submerged) 11.4 0.0 1.5 0 0.8 0
Weight of water 9.8 0.0 1.5 0 0.8 0
uplift force a) Rect 1.5 0 0 0.8 0
b) Triang 1.5 0 0 1.0 0
Bearing pressures a) Rect 1.5 -48 -72 0.8 -54
b) Triang 1.5 2 1 1.0 1
With Br.
pressure 1 With Surcharge 11 8
2 Without Surcharge 11 8
Without
Br. Pr. 1 With Surcharge 64 61
2 Without Surcharge 81 61

## With surcharge Without surcharge

M u ,static , , Factored (Static) Bending moment = 14 KN-m 14 KN-m

## 9B - Incremental Vertical forces due to Earthquake (on stem face of heel)

[KN/m3] y [m] x [m] u [KN/m2] W [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Weight of heel 23.6 0.5 1.5 1 0.8 0
Surcharge 21.2 0.0 1.5 0 0.8 0
Weight of backfill (dry) 21.2 2.0 1.5 2 0.8 2
(submerged) 11.4 0.0 1.5 0 0.8 0
Weight of water 9.8 0.0 1.5 0 0.8 0
1 With Surcharge 3 2
2 Without Surcharge 3 2
Eccentricity, eu = 0.06 m
S = n/a qu,heel = 66.55 KPa
qu,toe = 87.04 KPa qu,wall face = 78.84 KPa
Bearing pressure x [m] u [KN/m2] U [KN] La [m] Mb [KN-m]
a) Rect 1.50 -66.55 -99.82 0.75 -74.86
b) Triang 1.50 -12 -9.22 0.50 -4.61
-109.04 -79.48

## Factored (with earthquake) Bending moment

{
L With surcharge
M u + Mb , for e u
6 R
M u , EQ = = 27 KN-m eu
2
q bS L Without surcharge
M u u , wallface
6
, for eu>
6 27
S

qu,wall face
Mu without bearing pressure qu, toe (heel design)
qu,wall face
(toe design)
9C - (Factored) BM & SF Values
Vu [KN] Mu [KN-m]
With surcharge Without surcharge
Load Case FH ( 1.40D + 1.70H + 1.40E) = 29 35 35
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
(New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)

## h = Thickness of section = 500.0 mm

d = Effective depth of section = 417.3 mm
b = Unit width = 1000.0 mm
= Bar size to be used as reinforcement (Heel) = 13.00 mm

## 9D - (Factored) BM & SF Values

Vu = Factored Shear Force = 22 KN
[Hydraulic factor for Shear] [Not Used]
Mu(sur) = Factored BM with surcharge = 35 KN-m
[Hydraulic factor is used]
Mu(no sur) = Factored BM without surcharge = 35 KN-m
Md = Design Moment = 35 KN-m
[max of (0.8 x Mu(sur) , Mu(no sur)]

Shear Check
Vc = Nominal shear capacity of section = 269 KN > Vu

V c =
f c ' b d [Section is safe against Shear]
w
6
9E - Reinforcement Calculation
= Reinforement ratio = 0.00054

As =
=0. 85

Steel Area
f c'
fy [
1 1
2.6 Mu
2
bd f c ' ] = 225.76 mm2

## As(min.) to EF = 0.0014*b*h = 700.00 mm2

As(reqd.) to Top Face of Heel = 700.00 mm2
Spacing for Y (13) bars = 161.57 mm
10 - Design of Toe
10A - Downward forces (on toe face of stem)
[KN/m3] y [m] x, V [m] x [m] u [KN/m2] V [KN] W [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Weight of Toe 23.6 0.5 0.1 0.5 1 6 0.3 1
Weight of fill (dry) 21.2 0.0 0.1 0.5 0 0.3 0
(submerged) 11.4 0.1 0.5
Weight of Water 9.8 1.0 0.1 0.5 1 5 0.3 1
Uplift force a) Rect 0.1 0.5 0.0 0 0 0.3 0
b) Triang 0.1 0.5 0.0 0 0 0.2 0
Bear pressua) Rect 0.1 0.5 -45.2 -4 -23 0.3 -6
b) Triang 0.1 0.5 -0.5 0 0 0.2 0
1 With bearing pressure -2 -12 -3
2 Without bearing pressure 11 3

## M u,static , , Factored (Static) Bending moment = -5.05 KN-m

10B - Incremental Vertical forces due to Earthquake (on stem face of Toe)
[KN/m3] y [m] x [m] W [KN] La [m] M [KN-m]
Weight of Toe 23.6 0.5 0.50 0 0.3 0
Weight of fill (dry) 21.2 0.0 0.50 0 0.3 0
(submerged) 11.4 1.0 0.50 0 0.3 0
Weight of water 9.8 1.0 0.50 0 0.3 0
1 1 0
Eccentricity, eu = 0.06 m
S = n/a qu,heel = 66.55 KPa
qu,toe = 87.04 KPa qu,wall face of Toe = 82.94 KPa

## Bearing pressure x [m] u [KN/m2] U [KN] La [m] Mb [KN-m]

a) Rect 0.50 -82.94 -41.47 0.25 -10.37
b) Triang 0.50 -4.1 -1.02 0.3 -0.34
-42.49 -10.71

## Factored (with earthquake) Bending moment

{
R
L
M u M b , for e u
6 = -5.93 KN-m
eu

M u , EQ = S
qu , wallface bS 2 L
M u
6
, for eu>
6
qu, toe
qu,wall face
(heel design)
Mu without bearing pressure qu,wall face
(toe design)

## 10C - (Factored) BM & SF Values

Vu [KN] Mu [KN-m]
Load Case FH ( 1.40D + 1.50H + 1.40E) = -3 8

## h = Thickness of section = 500.0 mm

d = Effective depth of section = 417.3 mm
b = Unit width = 1000.0 mm
= Bar size to be used as reinforcement (Toe) = 13.00 mm
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
(New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)
10D - Factored BM & SF
Vu = Factored Shear Force = 3 KN
[Hydraulic factor for Shear] [Not Used]
Mu = Factored Bending Moment = 8 KN-m
[Hydraulic factor is used]
Shear Check
Vc = Nominal shear capacity of section = 407 KN
V u d bw d
(
V c= f c ' +120 w
Mu 7 )
Vc = 346 KN >
Vuxd/Mu = 0.16 [Section is safe against Shear]
Max. Limit = = 569 KN
0 . 3 f c ' bw d
w = As/(bwd) = 0.0001

Check Message =

## 10E - Reinforcement Calculation

= Reinforement ratio = 0.00012

As = Steel Area
=0. 85
f c'
fy [
1 1
2.6 Mu
2
bd f c ' ] = 49.37 mm2

## As(min.) to EF = 0.0014bh = 700.00 mm2

As(prov) to Bottom Face of Toe = 700.00 mm2
Spacing for Y (13) bars = 162 mm

## Depth of water on toe side above base slab, h = 1.00 m

Force on water face, F = 2.45 KN
Shear capacity of stem (section 8A) Vc = 270.58 KN > F
Bending moment on water face, M = 0.82 KN-m [SHEAR CAPACITY SATISFACTORY]

## Factored bending moment on water face, Mu = 1.39 KN-m

Factored bending moment with hyraulic factor Mu x FH = 1.81 KN-m
Thickness of stem at base slab BB = 500.00 mm
Width b = 1000.00 mm
Bar size to be used as reinforcement (Water f = 13.00 mm
Effective depth of section d = 417.30 mm
Steel Ratio
=0. 85
fy[
f c' 2.6 M
1 1 2 u
bd f c ' ] = 2.7700E-005

## Area of steel reinforcement As = 11.56 mm2

Minimum area of steel As(min) = 700.00 mm2
Area of steel required As(req) = 700.00 mm2
Spacing for Y (13) bars = 161.57 mm
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
(New) Western Spillway (Right Wall NPL Condition)
Dsgn: SSI Dated Dec 2011
R Wall - Top EL 35.7m, Floor EL 24m, Base Slab = 1.50m, Fill as given, Angle of Repose = 30 deg,
31m, Normal Condt, W(top) = 0.5m, Batter 1H:__V, fc' = 21Mpa, fy = 425Mpa, FD = 1.4, FL = 1.7, Hf = 1.3
Design of Right [Cantilever] Retaining Wall (Condt 1 - NPL Condition)
1 - Basic Data
Height of stem 35.7 38.39 ft
Th of stem at base 2 6.56 ft
Top width of stem 1.64 ft
Wall Batter H1:V7.80 ft Stem 50
Height of backfill 44.95 ft 3.38
Height of passive fill 0.00 ft Heel
Length of heel 6.5 21.33 ft 2.77 40
Length of toe 5.25 17.22 ft Toe
Length of base 13.75 45.11 ft 2.34
Thickness of base 2 6.56 ft 30
Depth of shear key 0 ft
Bottom width of shear key 0 338 Stem
Slope of shear key 0 ft 4.44 20
Height of water behind wall 27.89 413 Heel
Height of water in front of wall 0.00 ft 5.41
Height of surcharge 0.00 489 Toe 10
Angle of repose 30 ft 6.41
Conc 150 lb/ft3
soil 0
135 lb/ft3
Sub 72.6 lb/ft3
Water 62.4 lb/ft3 -10
0.58 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50
Bearing Capacity 2 T/ft2
4408 psf -20
Point Load on stem Vert. L 0 lb Summary Pressures Scale:
Vert. D 0 lb St top (in) 19.68
Horiz 0 lb St Bot (in) 78.74
Bars (in2) 3.38
2 - Uplift Pressures
At toe (Base Level) 802 psf Wall Batter Calculations
(Key Level) 802 psf Top (above fill)
At heel 8.5 m (Head) 1740 psf Dry Fill
At Water face of stem 1160 psf Submerged fill
At backfill face of stem 1297 psf Total
At inner edge of ke (Bottom) 802 psf Contents
(Top) 802 psf
3A - Summary of Stability Analyses (Ref Sec 6) Permissible Remarks
STABILITY CHECKS values
Overturning F.O.S 2.41 >1.5 ok
Sheet Pile Sliding F.O.S 1.24 >1.3 I136 Floor Not safe: Pro
Resistance Eccentricity -1.86 ft <11.28 resistance ok
not included
Included
Bearing pressures 0.04788 kN/m2
At toe 106 2204 psf <4408 ok
At heel 175 3653 psf <4408 ok
At backfill face of stem 2968 psf
At Water face of stem 2757 psf Total Reaction

## 3B - Note (Ref Height of Stem, Base Slab)

Height of stem is from the top of the base slab whereas all other heights are from the bottom of base slab
F Bearing Capacity Calculations for Sandy S
Vertical Forces Up 57335 lb 26.01 T phi 30.0
Down 189452 lb 85.96 T m 1.900
Horizontal Forces From b/fill 61654 lb 27.97 T dq 1.000
From w/side 28 lb 0.01 T dg 1.000
iq 0.303
Reduced B = B' 48.83 ft FOS 2.4 ig 0.162

## Dsgn: SSI Dated Dec 2011

Stability calculations
4A - Downward forces
Vert. Horiz Wt. (lbs)
Base Slab 150.0 6.6 45.1 44,400
Stem a) Rect 150.0 38.4 1.6 9,445
b) Triang 150.0 38.4 4.9 14,168
c) Point load 0
Shear key a) Rect 150.0 0.0 0.0 0
b) Triang 150.0 0.0 0.0 0
Backfill a) Rect 135.0 17.1 24.1 55,411
b) Triang 135.0 17.1 2.2 2,519
Backfill (Submerged) a) Rect 72.6 21.3 21.3 33,016
b) Triang 72.6 21.3 2.7 2,116
Water on back side 62.4 21.3 21.3 28,377.283
Water on front side 62.4 0.0 17.2 0
Forefill Dry 135.0 0.0 17.2 0
Subm. 72.6 0.0 17.2 0
Surcharge 135.0 0.0 23.5 0
Total----> 189,452

4B - Upward Forces
Horiz Pressure Upw Force
Uplift (slab) a) Rect 45.1 802 36,171
b) Triang 45.1 938 21,164
Uplift (key) a) Rect 0.0 802 0
b) Triang 0.0 0 0
Uplift (key slope)
57,335

## 5 - Coefficient of Total Active Earth Pressure

Kae = Coefficient of total (Dynamic & Static) Earth Pressure
Cos2 ( )
K ae=
Cos Cos 2 (+)Cos(+ +)[ 1+ n]2
= Angle of internal friction =
= tan-1() =
= Angle b/w backface of walls and vertical =
= Angle of friction b/w backfill and concrete =
[Ref: Foundation Design & Analysis by "Bowles" Table 11.6]
= Slope of backfill =
[Horizontal backfill]
Sin( + ) Sin( -- )
n = n= =
Cos( + + ) Cos( )
= (Earthquake acceleration)/(Gravity Acceleration) OBE =
[Earthquake acceleration] = 0.00 g
g = Gravity acceleration
6 - Lateral Forces
6A - Lateral Forces from backfill
K H Pressure F
Due to Surcharge 135.0 0.33 44.9 0.0 0
Due to dry backfill 135.0 0.33 17.1 767.7 6,549
Seismic force of stem
a) Rect 150.0 9445.1 9
b) Tri 150.0 14167.7 14
Surcharge on sub. part due to dry fill 27.9 767.7 21,409
Due to submerged backfill 72.6 0.33 27.9 674.9 9,410
Due to water at backfill side 62.4 1.00 27.9 1740.1 24,263

61,654

## 6B - Lateral Forces towards backfill

K H Pressure F
Due to water at water side 62.4 1.00 0.0 0.0 0
Due to Passive fill (Dry) 135.0 3.00 0.0 0.0 0
Surcharge on sub. part due to dry fill 0.0 0.0 0
Due to Passive fill (Subm) 72.6 3.00 0.0 0.0 0
Resistance of Slab/ft (k) 28
Timah Tasoh Dam Project - Malaysia
Dsgn: SSI Dated Dec 2011
7 - Calculations for Strength
f'c = Concrete cylider strength = 3000 psi
fc
fy = Steel Yeild Strength = 60000 psi
fs
h = Thickness of section = 78.7 in
d = Effective depth of section = 74.7 in
b = Unit width = 12.0 in
b = Strength reduction factor for bending = 0.9
s = Strength reduction factor for shear = 0.85
FD = Dead Load factor = 1.4
FL = Live Load factor = 1.7
FV = Load factor for shear of base slab = 1.5
FH = Hydraulic factor moemnt = 1.3

8 - Design of Stem
8A - Lateral Forces (at base of stem)
K H Pressure F/Shear
Due to Surcharge 135.0 0.33 38.4 0.0 0
Due to dry backfill 135.0 0.33 17.1 767.7 6,549
Surcharge on sub. part due to dry fill 21.3 16,372
Due to submerged backfill 72.6 0.33 21.3 516.1 5,503
Due to water at backfill side 62.4 1.00 21.3 1330.7 14,189
Due to water at water side 62.4 1.00 0.0 0.0 0
Total (With Surcharge) 42,611
Total (Without Surcharge)
8B - (Factored) BM & SF Values
Vu = Factored Shear Force = 72 k
[Hydraulic factor is not used for Shear]
Mu(sur) = Factored BM with surcharge = 1086 k.ft
[Hydraulic factor is used]
Mu(no sur) = Factored BM without surcharge = 1086 k.ft
Md = Design Moment = 1086 k.ft
[max of (0.8*Mu(sur),Mu(no sur)

8C - Shear Check
Vc = Nominal shear capacity of section = 84 k
[Vc = 2*(fc')^0.5*b*d]
Check Message = Section is safe in Shear

8D - Reinforcement Calculation
= Reinforement ratio = 0.00377
0.85*(fc'/fy)*[1-{1-(2Mu)/(0.85*fi*bd2*fc')}^0.50]
As = Steel Area = 3.38 in2

## As(min.) to EF = 0.0014*b*h = 1.32 in^2

As(prov) on Earth Face = 3.38 in^2

9 - Design of Heel
9A - Vertical forces (on heel face of stem)
Vert. Horiz Pressure Wt./Shear
weight of heel 150.0 6.6 21.3 20,989
Surcharge 135.0 0.0 21.3 0
weight of backfill (dry) 135.0 17.1 21.3 49,115
(submerged) 72.6 21.3 21.3 33,016
weight of water 62.4 27.9 21.3 37,109
uplift force a) Rect 21.3 -1,297 -27,650
b) Triang 21.3 -444 -4,730
B pressuresa) Rect 21.3 -3,653 -77,908
b) Triang 21.3 685 7,305
Total (With Surcharge) 37,246
Total (Without Surcharge)
h = Thickness of section = 78.7 in
d = Effective depth of section = 74.7 in
b = Unit width = 12.0 in
9B - (Factored) BM & SF Values
Vu = Factored Shear Force = 63 k
[Hydraulic factor is not used for Shear]
Mu(sur) = Factored BM with surcharge = 898 k.ft
[Hydraulic factor is used]
Mu(no sur) = Factored BM without surcharge = 898 k.ft
Md = Design Moment = 898 k.ft
[max of (0.8*Mu(sur),Mu(no sur)
Mu = Factored Bending Moment = 898 k.ft
Shear Check
Vc = Nominal shear capacity of section = 84 k
[Vc = 2*(fc')^0.5*b*d]
Check Message = Section is safe in Shear

9C - Reinforcement Calculation
= Reinforement ratio = 0.00309
0.85*(fc'/fy)*[1-{1-(2Mu)/(0.85*fi*bd2*fc')}^0.50]
As = Steel Area = 2.77 in2

## As(min.) to EF = 0.0014*b*h = 1.32 in^2

As(prov) to Top Face of Heel = 2.77 in^2

10 - Design of Toe
10A - Vertical forces (on toe face of stem)
Vert. Hz for ShHoriz Pressure Shear Wt.
weight of Toe 150.0 6.6 11.0 17.2 10,823 16,953
weight of fill (dry) 135.0 0.0 11.0 17.2 0
(submerged) 72.6 11.0 17.2
weight of Water 62.4 0.0 11.0 17.2 0 0
uplift force a) Rect 11.0 17.2 -801.8 -13,811 -13,811
b) Triang 11.0 17.2 -358.3 -3,085 -3,085
B pressuresa) Rect 11.0 17.2 -2,204.1 -24236.136 -37,964
b) Triang 11.0 17.2 -553.3 -3,042 -4,765
Total----> -33,352 -42,673
h = Thickness of section = 78.7 in
d = Effective depth of section = 74.7 in
b = Unit width = 12.0 in
10C - Factored BM & SF
Vu = Factored Shear Force = 50 k
[Hydraulic factor is not used]
Mu = Factored Bending Moment = 762 k.ft
[Hydraulic factor is used]
Shear Check
Vc = Nominal shear capacity of section = 96 k
[Vc = (1.9*(fc')^0.5 + 2500*w*Vu*d/Mu)*bw*d
Vc = 81 k
Vu*d/Mu = 0.41
Max. Limit = 3.5*(fc')^0.5*b*d (for Vc) = 172 k
w = As/(bw*d) = 0.0026

## 10D - Reinforcement Calculation

= Reinforement ratio = 0.00261
0.85*(fc'/fy)*[1-{1-(2Mu)/(0.85*fi*bd2*fc')}^0.50]
As = Steel Area = 2.34 in2

## As(min.) to EF = 0.0014*b*h = 1.32 in^2

As(prov) to Bottom Face of Toe = 2.34 in^2
11 Reinf't on Water Face
H = Water Head = 5.00 m
= 16.40 ft
M = BM = 45.98 k-ft
Mu = Factored BM = 78.17 k-ft
Mu(Hf) = Apply Hydr Factor = 101.62 k-ft
h = Overall Depth = 78.00 in
dc = Cover = 5.00 in
d = Effective Depth = 73.00 in
As = Reinf't = 0.18 in2/ft
As(min) = Min Reinf't = 1.40 in2/ft
Ab (Y25) = Area of Y25 bar = 0.76 in
s = Spacing of Y25 = 6.50 in
= 165 mm
#VALUE! -6 -7.3934574
#VALUE! 45 44.94696
ition)
Data for Plotting graph
epose = 30 deg, NPL 31m, Water EL
1.4, FL = 1.7, Hf = 1.3
PL Condition) 0 0
0 6.5616 Overturning F.O.S=2.41/Sliding F.O
17.2242 6.5616
17.2242 44.94696
18.8646 44.94696 1000 Pressures scale
23.7858 6.5616
45.111 6.5616 0.2 tick size
45.111 0
0 0 1 gaps
0 0

0 0
0 0

-6

46.71 44.94696

## 46.11 44.94696 Backfill hatch

45.911 44.74696 |
0 20 30 40 50 60 |
46.311 44.94696 |
46.111 44.74696 |
1000 |
Base Th (in) 78.7392 46.511 44.94696 |
Heel Bars 2.77 46.311 44.74696 |
Toe Bars 2.34
|
Calculations x 46.711 44.94696 |
0.00 46.511 44.74696 V
2.19
2.73 46.911 44.94696
4.92 46.711 44.74696
1 - Basic Data
2 - Uplift Pressures
3A - Summary of Stability Analyses (Ref Sec 6) 44.94696
3B - Note (Ref Height of Stem, Base Slab) 44.74696
4 - Stability Calculations
4B - Upward Forces 44.94696
5 - Coefficient of Total Active Earth Pressure 44.74696
6 - Lateral Forces
7 - Calculations for Strength 44.94696
8 - Design of Stem 44.74696
9 - Design of Heel
10 - Design of Toe 0.2 44.94696
132117 lb 0 44.74696

0.4 44.94696
bottom of base slab 0.2 44.74696
Capacity Calculations for Sandy Soil
Nq 18.40
Ng 22.40
qult (o/burden) 0.00
qult (friction) 2.91
qult 2.91
q 1.23
0.6 44.94696
0.4 44.74696

0.8 44.94696
La(ft) M 0.6 44.74696
22.6 1,001,465 1 44.94696
18.0 170,431 0.8 44.74696
20.5 290,508
18.0 0
0.0 0 1.2 44.94696
0.0 0 1 44.74696
33.1 1,833,082
20.3 51,187
34.4 1,137,344
22.9 48,412 49.55356776 27.8868 Backside water level
34.4 977,552 21.0518 27.8868
8.6 0
8.6 0 49.55356776 27.8868 Backside water level mark
8.6 0 49.65356776 28.0868
35.5 0 49.45356776 28.0868
5,509,981 49.55356776 27.8868

21.2518 27.8868
La M 24.2518 27.8868
22.6 815,860
30.1 636,487 21.4518 27.6868
0.0 0 24.0518 27.6868
0.0 0
21.6518 27.4868
1,452,347 23.8518 27.4868

0.356 2
( 1+ v ) Cos ( )
K ae =
Cos Cos 2 ( )Cos( + + )[1+ n ]2
CORRECT FORMULA
30.0 deg 0.7853981634 45
0.1 deg
7.3 deg
26.0 deg
0.0

0.5

0.00 g

21.8518 27.2868
La M 23.6518 27.2868
22.5 0
33.6 219,860 22.0518 27.0868

25.8 243
19.4 274
13.9 298,513 23.4518 27.0868
9.3 87,470
9.3 225,543

831,903

0 0 Forefill
La M -4 0
0.0 0
0.0 0 -2 3 0 Forefill hatch
0.0 0 -2.2 -0.2 |
0.0 0 |
0 -1.8 0 |
-2 -0.2 |
|

-1.6 0 |

La M
19.2 0 -1.8 -0.2 |
27.0 176,890 |
10.7 174,563 -1.4 0 |
7.1 39,115 -1.6 -0.2 V
7.1 100,859
0.0 0
491,427 0 0 Water side water level
491,427
37 -1 0
-1 0 Water side water level mark

1086

-0.9 0.2

17.0242 -0.2
La M 15.0242 -0.2
10.7 223,799
10.7 0 16.8242 #REF!
10.7 523,689 15.2242 #REF!
10.7 352,035
10.7 395,676 16.6242 -0.4
10.7 -294,817 15.4242 -0.4
14.2 -67,239
10.7 -830,700
14.2 103,851 0 -1
406,293 45.11 -1
406,293
45.11 -2.7 Uplift Diagram
0 -1.8018275
0 -1.8018275
0 -1.8
0 -1.0

0 -1

La M
8.6 145,999
8.6 0

## 8.6 0 22.5555 -1 Uplift water level mark

8.6 -118,940 22.6555 -0.8
5.7 -17,715 22.4555 -0.8
8.6 -326,949 22.5555 -1
5.7 -27,360
-344,965 45.311 -2.7 "Uplift" Text

0.8
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46.447 -2.3089363
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45.339 -2.2473363
45.339 -2.5553363

45.9542 -2.4321363
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46.6318 -2.3089363
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46.5702 -2.2473363
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## 18.04 44.94696 Point Load

18.04 44.94696

18.04 44.95
18.04 44.94696
18.04 44.95

0 -3.7
0 -5.9442362
45.11 -7.3934574 Bearing Pressure Diagram
45.11 -3.7
0 -3.7401363

## 22.5555 -3.7401363 Bearing pressure hatch

22.3555 -3.9401363 |
|
22.7555 -3.7401363 |
22.5555 -3.9401363 |

|
22.9555 -3.7401363 |
22.7555 -3.9401363 |
|
23.1555 -3.7401363 |
22.9555 -3.9401363 V

## 45.311 -7.4 "Bearing Pressure" text

0.8
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48.787 -7.0862574
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47.3094 -7.0862574
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45.5854 -7.2094574
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48.787 -7.1478574
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49.711 -7.1478574
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50.6342 -7.1478574
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47.5558 -7.3318574
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46.0774 -7.2094574
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45.5238 -7.0862574
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45.5854 -7.1478574
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45.7694 -7.0246574
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45.8926 -7.1478574
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46.2006 -7.0246574
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48.6022 -7.0246574
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48.8486 -7.0246574
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49.2182 -7.1478574
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49.5878 -7.1478574
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50.819 -7.1478574
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50.4494 -7.0246574
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50.6958 -7.0246574
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46.447 -7.2710574
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47.063 -7.0246574
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45.5238 -7.0862574
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45.8926 -7.0246574
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45.9542 -7.0862574
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46.139 -7.0246574
46.2006 -7.0246574

46.0774 -7.0862574
46.139 -7.0246574

46.447 -7.1478574
46.5702 -7.0246574

46.5702 -7.0246574
46.6318 -7.0246574

46.9398 -7.1478574
47.063 -7.0246574

47.4942 -7.0246574
47.371 -7.0246574

47.5558 -7.0862574
47.4942 -7.0246574

48.4174 -7.1478574
48.5406 -7.0246574

48.2942 -6.9630574
48.2942 -7.0246574

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49.0334 -7.0862574
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48.9718 -7.0246574
48.8486 -7.0246574

49.1566 -7.0862574
49.2182 -7.0246574

49.5878 -7.0246574
49.7726 -7.0246574

49.5262 -7.0862574
49.5878 -7.0246574

50.2646 -7.2710574
50.2646 -7.0246574

50.8806 -7.0862574
50.819 -7.0246574

50.2646 -7.1478574
50.3878 -7.0246574

50.3878 -7.0246574
50.4494 -7.0246574

50.819 -7.0246574
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45.5854 -7.0246574
45.5854 -6.9630574

48.2326 -6.9014574
48.2942 -6.9630574

48.0478 -7.2710574
48.0478 -6.9014574

45.5854 -6.9630574
45.5238 -6.9014574

45.5238 -6.9014574
45.339 -6.9014574

46.8166 -6.9630574
46.8166 -6.9014574

48.0478 -6.9014574
48.2326 -6.9014574

## 24.42 10 Location of Resultant

24.42 0
24.62 0.8
24.42 0
24.22 0.8

46.11 0.00
46.11 44.95
46.11 44.94696
46.11 0.00
46.11 0.00

45.61 44.95
45.61 44.95
46.61 44.95
46.61 44.94696

45.91 7.5616
0
45.911 7.5616 "Surcharge Pressure" text
45.911 7.5616

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45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

45.911 7.5616
45.911 7.5616

46.11 27.89
46.11 44.95 Dry earth pressure
46.8787072 27.89
46.11 27.89

0.80
46.011 8.3896
46.011 8.328

45.6414 7.6512
45.9186 7.6512

45.9186 7.7744
45.9186 7.5896

45.7338 8.328
45.9186 8.4512

45.9186 9.1288
45.9186 9.252

45.8724 9.0672
45.9186 9.1288

45.9186 9.4984
45.9186 9.56

45.8724 9.6216
45.9186 9.6832
45.8724 9.6216
45.9186 9.56

45.8724 10.2984
45.9186 10.36

45.78 10.7912
45.9186 10.7912

45.9186 11.4688
45.9186 11.284

45.8724 11.5304
45.9186 11.4688

45.9186 12.0848
45.9186 12.2072

45.8724 12.0232
45.9186 12.0848

45.7338 13.3776
45.9186 13.3776

45.9186 12.392
45.9186 12.5768

45.9186 12.7616
45.9186 12.9464

45.8724 13.1312
45.9186 13.1928

45.9186 13.1928
45.9186 13.2544

45.9186 13.932
45.9186 14.0552

45.8724 13.8704
45.9186 13.932

45.9186 7.7744
45.8724 7.836

45.78 9.0672
45.8724 9.0672

45.6414 10.2984
45.8724 10.2984

45.9186 9.4984
45.8724 9.4368
45.78 9.6216
45.8724 9.6216

45.9186 10.36
45.8724 10.4216

45.78 11.5304
45.8724 11.5304

45.78 12.0232
45.8724 12.0232

45.7338 13.1312
45.8724 13.1312

45.9186 12.5768
45.8724 12.6384

45.9186 12.9464
45.8724 13.008

45.78 13.8704
45.8724 13.8704

45.8262 9.0672
45.8262 9.252

45.8262 12.0232
45.8262 12.2072

45.8262 12.5768
45.8262 12.4536

45.8724 12.6384
45.8262 12.5768

45.8262 12.9464
45.8262 12.8232

45.8724 13.008
45.8262 12.9464

45.9186 13.2544
45.8262 13.3776

45.8262 13.8704
45.8262 14.0552

45.7338 9.1288
45.78 9.0672

45.7338 8.1432
45.78 8.2048
45.8262 9.252
45.78 9.3136

45.7338 10.7296
45.78 10.7912

45.7338 9.9912
45.78 10.052

45.7338 9.56
45.78 9.6216

45.8724 9.4368
45.78 9.4368

45.7338 12.0848
45.78 12.0232

45.7338 11.8384
45.78 11.9

45.7338 11.4688
45.78 11.5304

45.8262 12.2072
45.78 12.2688

45.7338 13.6856
45.78 13.7472

45.8262 12.4536
45.78 12.392

45.8262 12.8232
45.78 12.7616

45.7338 13.932
45.78 13.8704

45.8262 14.0552
45.78 14.1168

45.78 9.3136
45.7338 9.252

46.011 8.3896
45.7338 8.5744

45.8262 7.9584
45.7338 8.0816

45.9186 7.9584
45.7338 7.9584
45.7338 8.0816
45.7338 8.1432

45.7338 9.252
45.7338 9.1288

45.8262 10.5448
45.7338 10.668

45.8262 9.8064
45.7338 9.9296

45.9186 9.8064
45.7338 9.8064

45.78 9.4368
45.7338 9.4984

45.7338 9.4984
45.7338 9.56

45.7338 9.9296
45.7338 9.9912

45.7338 10.1752
45.7338 10.4216

45.7338 10.668
45.7338 10.7296

45.78 12.2688
45.7338 12.2072

45.8262 11.6536
45.7338 11.7768

45.9186 11.6536
45.7338 11.6536

45.78 11.284
45.7338 11.3456

46.011 11.284
45.7338 11.284

45.7338 11.3456
45.7338 11.4688

45.7338 11.7768
45.7338 11.8384

45.7338 12.2072
45.7338 12.0848
45.8262 13.5008
45.7338 13.624

45.9186 13.5008
45.7338 13.5008

45.78 12.7616
45.7338 12.8232

45.78 12.392
45.7338 12.4536

45.7338 12.4536
45.7338 12.6384

45.7338 12.8232
45.7338 13.008

45.7338 13.624
45.7338 13.6856

45.78 14.1168
45.7338 14.0552

45.7338 14.0552
45.7338 13.932

45.8724 7.836
45.6876 7.836

45.6414 7.7744
45.6414 7.5896

45.6876 7.836
45.6414 7.7744

45.9186 10.5448
45.6414 10.5448
46.11 0.00
46.11 27.89
46.8787072 27.89
46.8787072 0.00
46.11 0.00

47.8787072 0
47.8787072 27.89
48.55356776 0.00
47.8787072 0

## 47.78 0.00 "Submerged earth pressure" text

0.80
47.7787072 2.3064
47.7787072 2.4296

47.7325072 2.2448
47.7787072 2.3064

47.7787072 2.4296
47.7325072 2.4904

47.6863072 0.0896
47.6863072 0.2128

47.6401072 0.028
47.6863072 0.0896

47.5015072 0.6432
47.6863072 0.6432

47.6863072 0.4584
47.6863072 0.52

47.6401072 0.3968
47.6863072 0.4584

47.6401072 1.0128
47.6863072 0.9512

47.6863072 0.9512
47.6863072 0.8896

47.5477072 1.3824
47.6863072 1.3824

47.6863072 1.5672
47.6863072 1.6904

47.6401072 1.5056
47.6863072 1.5672
47.6863072 2.3064
47.6863072 2.4904

47.6401072 2.2448
47.6863072 2.3064

47.6863072 2.6752
47.6863072 2.7984

47.6401072 2.6136
47.6863072 2.6752

47.6863072 3.1064
47.6863072 3.0448

47.6863072 3.784
47.6863072 3.9072

47.6401072 3.7224
47.6863072 3.784

47.6401072 4.2768
47.6863072 4.2152

47.6863072 4.1536
47.6863072 4.2152

47.6401072 4.2768
47.6863072 4.3384

47.6401072 7.7864
47.6863072 7.848

47.6401072 4.9536
47.6863072 5.0152

47.5477072 5.4464
47.6863072 5.4464

47.6863072 6.124
47.6863072 5.9392

47.6401072 6.1856
47.6863072 6.124

47.6863072 7.0472
47.6863072 7.232

47.6863072 6.7392
47.6863072 6.8624

47.6401072 6.6784
47.6863072 6.7392
47.6863072 7.4168
47.6863072 7.6016

47.6401072 8.5256
47.6863072 8.5872

47.5015072 8.0328
47.6863072 8.0328

47.6863072 7.848
47.6863072 7.9096

47.6863072 8.5872
47.6863072 8.7104

47.6863072 0.2128
47.6401072 0.2744

47.5015072 0.3968
47.6401072 0.3968

47.5477072 1.0128
47.6401072 1.0128

47.5477072 1.5056
47.6401072 1.5056

47.5477072 2.2448
47.6401072 2.2448

47.5477072 2.6136
47.6401072 2.6136

47.6863072 3.0448
47.6401072 2.9832

47.5477072 3.7224
47.6401072 3.7224

47.6863072 4.1536
47.6401072 4.092

47.5477072 4.2768
47.6401072 4.2768

47.4097072 4.9536
47.6401072 4.9536

47.6863072 5.0152
47.6401072 5.0768

47.5477072 6.1856
47.6401072 6.1856
47.5477072 6.6784
47.6401072 6.6784

47.5015072 7.7864
47.6401072 7.7864

47.6863072 7.232
47.6401072 7.2936

47.6863072 7.6016
47.6401072 7.6632

47.5477072 8.5256
47.6401072 8.5256

47.6863072 0.52
47.5939072 0.6432

47.6863072 0.8896
47.5939072 0.7664

47.5477072 1.2592
47.5939072 1.2592

47.5939072 1.5056
47.5939072 1.6904

47.5015072 3.1064
47.5939072 3.2296

47.5939072 2.6136
47.5939072 2.7984

47.6863072 3.1064
47.5939072 3.2296

47.5939072 3.7224
47.5939072 3.9072

47.5939072 6.6784
47.5939072 6.8624

47.6401072 7.2936
47.5939072 7.232

47.5939072 7.232
47.5939072 7.1088

47.6401072 7.6632
47.5939072 7.6016

47.5939072 7.6016
47.5939072 7.4784
47.5939072 8.5256
47.5939072 8.7104

47.6863072 7.9096
47.5939072 8.0328

47.5015072 0.9512
47.5477072 1.0128

47.5015072 1.5672
47.5477072 1.5056

47.5015072 1.3208
47.5477072 1.3824

47.5015072 1.1976
47.5477072 1.2592

47.5939072 1.6904
47.5477072 1.752

47.5015072 2.3064
47.5477072 2.2448

47.5015072 2.06
47.5477072 2.1216

47.7325072 2.4904
47.5477072 2.4904

47.5015072 2.6752
47.5477072 2.6136

47.5939072 2.7984
47.5477072 2.86

47.6401072 2.9832
47.5477072 2.9832

47.5015072 3.784
47.5477072 3.7224

47.5939072 3.9072
47.5477072 3.9688

47.5015072 4.6456
47.5477072 4.7072

47.5015072 4.2152
47.5477072 4.2768

47.6401072 4.092
47.5477072 4.092
47.5015072 5.3848
47.5477072 5.4464

47.5015072 6.124
47.5477072 6.1856

47.5939072 7.1088
47.5477072 7.0472

47.5015072 6.7392
47.5477072 6.6784

47.5015072 6.4936
47.5477072 6.5552

47.5939072 6.8624
47.5477072 6.924

47.5939072 7.4784
47.5477072 7.4168

47.5015072 8.5872
47.5477072 8.5256

47.5015072 8.3408
47.5477072 8.4024

47.5939072 8.7104
47.5477072 8.772

47.5939072 0.7664
47.5015072 0.8896

47.5015072 0.8896
47.5015072 0.9512

47.5477072 1.752
47.5015072 1.6904

47.5477072 1.2592
47.5015072 1.3208

47.5477072 1.136
47.5015072 1.1976

47.6863072 1.136
47.5015072 1.136

47.5015072 1.6904
47.5015072 1.5672

47.5477072 2.4904
47.5015072 2.4296
47.5939072 1.8752
47.5015072 1.9984

47.6863072 1.8752
47.5015072 1.8752

47.5015072 1.9984
47.5015072 2.06

47.5015072 2.4296
47.5015072 2.3064

47.5477072 2.9832
47.5015072 3.0448

47.5477072 2.86
47.5015072 2.7984

47.5015072 2.7984
47.5015072 2.6752

47.5015072 3.0448
47.5015072 3.1064

47.5477072 3.9688
47.5015072 3.9072

47.5015072 3.9072
47.5015072 3.784

47.5939072 4.4616
47.5015072 4.5848

47.6863072 4.4616
47.5015072 4.4616

47.5477072 4.092
47.5015072 4.1536

47.5015072 4.1536
47.5015072 4.2152

47.5015072 4.5848
47.5015072 4.6456

47.5939072 5.2
47.5015072 5.3232

47.5015072 4.8304
47.5015072 5.0768

47.5015072 5.3232
47.5015072 5.3848
47.5477072 5.9392
47.5015072 6.0008

47.7787072 5.9392
47.5015072 5.9392

47.5015072 6.0008
47.5015072 6.124

47.5477072 7.0472
47.5015072 7.1088

47.5477072 6.924
47.5015072 6.8624

47.5939072 6.3088
47.5015072 6.432

47.6863072 6.3088
47.5015072 6.3088

47.5015072 6.432
47.5015072 6.4936

47.5015072 6.8624
47.5015072 6.7392

47.5477072 7.4168
47.5015072 7.4784

47.5015072 7.1088
47.5015072 7.2936

47.5015072 7.4784
47.5015072 7.6632

47.5939072 8.156
47.5015072 8.2792

47.6863072 8.156
47.5015072 8.156

47.5015072 8.2792
47.5015072 8.3408

47.5477072 8.772
47.5015072 8.7104

47.5015072 8.7104
47.5015072 8.5872

47.6401072 0.2744
47.4559072 0.028
47.4097072 0.2128
47.4559072 0.2744

47.4097072 0.0896
47.4097072 0.2128

47.4559072 0.028
47.4097072 0.0896

47.6863072 0.7664
47.4097072 0.7664

47.6863072 3.2296
47.4097072 3.2296

47.6863072 5.2
47.4097072 5.2

## 49.55356776 0.00 Water Pressure

49.55356776 27.89
51.29370408 0
49.55356776 0

## 49.45356776 0 "Water Pressure" text

0.80
49.17636776 2.368
49.45356776 2.368

49.08396776 0.028
49.36116776 0.1512

49.22256776 0.2128
49.36116776 0.2744

49.31496776 1.0128
49.36116776 1.0744

49.31496776 0.7048
49.36116776 0.6432

49.36116776 0.5816
49.36116776 0.6432

49.31496776 0.7048
49.36116776 0.7664

49.36116776 1.3208
49.36116776 1.444

49.31496776 1.2592
49.36116776 1.3208

49.36116776 2.552
49.36116776 2.368

49.31496776 2.6136
49.36116776 2.552

49.31496776 3.1064
49.36116776 3.168

49.36116776 3.168
49.36116776 3.2912

49.36116776 3.476
49.36116776 3.6608

49.36116776 3.8456
49.36116776 4.0304

49.31496776 4.2152
49.36116776 4.2768

49.36116776 4.2768
49.36116776 4.3384

49.17636776 4.4616
49.36116776 4.4616

49.31496776 4.9536
49.36116776 5.0152

49.36116776 5.0152
49.36116776 5.1384

49.08396776 1.0128
49.31496776 1.0128

49.36116776 0.5816
49.31496776 0.52

49.22256776 0.7048
49.31496776 0.7048

49.36116776 1.0744
49.31496776 1.136

49.22256776 1.2592
49.31496776 1.2592

49.22256776 2.6136
49.31496776 2.6136

49.22256776 3.1064
49.31496776 3.1064

49.36116776 4.0304
49.31496776 4.092

49.36116776 3.6608
49.31496776 3.7224

49.17636776 4.2152
49.31496776 4.2152

49.22256776 4.9536
49.31496776 4.9536

49.26876776 1.2592
49.26876776 1.444

49.26876776 3.1064
49.26876776 3.2912

49.31496776 4.092
49.26876776 4.0304

49.31496776 3.7224
49.26876776 3.6608

49.26876776 3.6608
49.26876776 3.5376

49.26876776 4.0304
49.26876776 3.9072

49.36116776 4.3384
49.26876776 4.4616

49.17636776 4.7072
49.26876776 4.5848

49.26876776 4.9536
49.26876776 5.1384

49.17636776 4.7688
49.22256776 4.8304

49.36116776 0.1512
49.22256776 0.2128

49.17636776 0.6432
49.22256776 0.7048

49.31496776 0.52
49.22256776 0.52

49.17636776 1.3208
49.22256776 1.2592

49.26876776 1.444
49.22256776 1.5056

49.26876776 3.2912
49.22256776 3.3528

49.17636776 1.8136
49.22256776 1.8752

49.17636776 2.9216
49.22256776 2.9832

49.17636776 2.552
49.22256776 2.6136

49.17636776 3.168
49.22256776 3.1064

49.26876776 3.5376
49.22256776 3.476

49.26876776 3.9072
49.22256776 3.8456

49.26876776 5.1384
49.22256776 5.2

49.17636776 5.0152
49.22256776 4.9536

49.17636776 1.752
49.17636776 1.8136

49.17636776 0.8896
49.17636776 1.136

49.22256776 0.52
49.17636776 0.5816

49.17636776 0.5816
49.17636776 0.6432

49.17636776 1.444
49.17636776 1.3208

49.36116776 1.6288
49.17636776 1.6288

49.22256776 1.5056
49.17636776 1.444

49.26876776 1.6288
49.17636776 1.752

49.22256776 3.3528
49.17636776 3.2912

49.17636776 2.4296
49.17636776 2.552

49.22256776 2.368
49.17636776 2.4296

49.36116776 2.7368
49.17636776 2.7368

49.26876776 2.7368
49.17636776 2.86

49.17636776 2.86
49.17636776 2.9216

49.17636776 3.2912
49.17636776 3.168

49.17636776 3.9072
49.17636776 4.092

49.17636776 3.5376
49.17636776 3.7224

49.22256776 3.476
49.17636776 3.5376

49.22256776 3.8456
49.17636776 3.9072

49.36116776 4.5848
49.17636776 4.5848

49.17636776 4.7072
49.17636776 4.7688

49.22256776 5.2
49.17636776 5.1384

49.17636776 5.1384
49.17636776 5.0152

49.36116776 0.2744
49.08396776 0.3968

49.08396776 0.3968
49.08396776 0.3968

-1 0.00
-1 0
-1 0

-1 0
-1 0
-1 0.00
-1 0.00
-1 0

## -1 0 Lateral pressure from submerged s

-1 0.00
-1 0
-1 0

-1 0.00
-1 0.00 Water pressure
-1 0
-1 0

#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

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#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

## 21.2518 28.0868 Backfill side water level

21.2518 28.2216
21.4538 28.4908

21.521 28.2216
21.2518 28.2216

21.4538 28.4908
21.4538 28.0868

21.581 28.0868
21.7158 28.0868

21.6486 28.4908
21.6486 28.0868

21.581 28.4236
21.6486 28.4908
22.045 28.4236
22.045 28.356

21.7758 28.0868
22.045 28.0868

21.9778 28.2888
21.843 28.2888

21.7758 28.2216
21.7758 28.0868

21.843 28.2888
21.7758 28.2216

22.045 28.356
21.9778 28.2888

21.843 28.4908
21.9778 28.4908

21.7758 28.4236
21.843 28.4908

21.9778 28.4908
22.045 28.4236

22.105 28.0868
22.105 28.154

22.165 28.4908
22.4342 28.4908

22.367 28.356
22.165 28.356

22.2322 28.0868
22.367 28.0868

22.165 28.356
22.165 28.4908

22.165 28.154
22.2322 28.0868
22.4342 28.2888
22.367 28.356

22.367 28.0868
22.4342 28.154

22.4342 28.154
22.4342 28.2888

22.7634 28.4908
22.5614 28.0868

22.4942 28.4908
22.7634 28.4908

#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF!
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#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868

21.2518 28.0868
21.2518 28.0868
ing F.O.S=2.41/Sliding F.O.S=1.24

Pressures scale
e water level mark

( )
+ + )[1+ n ]2
de water level

## de water level mark

ter level mark
Pressure Diagram

pressure hatch
Pressure" text
of Resultant
ge Pressure" text
h pressure" text
ged earth pressure" text
ressure" text
ressure from submerged soil

## de "Water Pressure" text

n at top of base slab
e water level
ide water level