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3 The Past of Be:

Statements,
Yes / No Questions

On the Job

Focus on Grammar 1
Part III, Unit 7
By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells
Copyright 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
At
At aa Restaurant
Restaurant
My
Yes,
Were
Yes,
Was itwife
the I
you
was.
on Itand
was.
vacation
weather was I
were
last
sunny
nice?week? in
and
Mexico.
hot.
At
At the
the Office
Office 11
Were Yes,
No, Ithey
Wereyouthey were.I
wasnt.
atatthe
the
meeting? was late.
meeting?
At
At the
the Office
Office 22

Were
Was our
the I dont
No, know.
it wasnt.
bosses
meeting I was
It was long
angry?
interesting? andasleep.
boring.
The
The Past
Past of
of Be
Be

The past of be has two forms: was and were.

The meeting was boring.

We were in Mexico.
Past
Past Forms
Forms

Present Tense Past Tense


Subject
be be
I am was
You are were
He
She is was
It
We
They are were
Practice 1 Complete each sentence with
was or were.

were alone at lunch.


Example: You ______

1. I ______
was with my friends last night.

2. My children ______
were in Greece last summer.

3. My classmates and I ______


were nervous about the
test.
4. My brother ______
was at the post office this
morning.
5. The weather ______
was cold yesterday.
Negative
Negative
Use was or were + not to make negative
statements.

It was not cold and windy.

We were not in Hawaii.


Contractions
Contractions
Use the contractions wasnt and werent in
speaking and informal writing.

It was
wasnt
not cold and windy.

werent
We were not in Hawaii.
Practice 2 Make each sentence negative.
Use wasnt and werent.

Example: The meeting was interesting.


The meeting wasnt interesting.

1. I was on the third floor.


I wasnt on the third floor.
2. The actors were funny.
The actors werent funny.
3. My grandfather was at the bank.
My grandfather wasnt at the bank.
4. You were late to class.
You werent late to class.
Questions
Questions
Put was or were before the subject to ask
a yes / no question.

Was the weather good?


subject

Were our bosses angry?


subject
Short
Short Answers
Answers
Use a pronoun and was, wasnt, were, or
werent in short answers.

Waswethe Were you


Yes, No, it
meeting on
were. wasnt.
interesting? vacation?
Work with a partner. Take turns.
Ask and answer the questions.
Practice 3 Use short answers. Add
information.
Example: Q: Were you at home last night?
A: No, I wasnt. I was at my
uncles house. He was sick. . .

1. Was the weather good yesterday?

2. Were you in class last Wednesday?

3. Was your dinner good last night?

4. Were you a student last year?

5. Was the quiz difficult?


References
References

Copyright 2006 Pearson Education and its


licensors. All rights reserved.