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Population Explosion

How can South Asia’s population growth be managed?

May 11, 2000

5:05 AM

New Delhi, India

Astha is born. Her name means “faith” in the most common language of India, Hindi. Why is Astha important? She is one of 70,000 babies born every day in India. There are 25,637,000 babies born each year in India. Astha was special because her birth pushed the population of India over one billion. India was the 2nd country in the world to have one billion people. China was the first. The United Nations estimates that India will have more people than China by 2045.

one billion people. China was the first. The United Nations estimates that India will have more

The United Nations has studied India’s population:

The United Nations has studied India’s population:
Growing Pains
Growing Pains

India’s population is growing so fast that people lack BASIC NECESSITIES--food, clothing and shelter.

If growth does not slow down, by 2045 India will have 1.5 billion people in a country one-third the size of the United States--more than China.

Three of the 10 most populous countries in the world are in South Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

South Asia is home to 27% of the total world population. They live on less than 3% of the world’s land.

Inadequate Resources: The Effects

Poverty and illiteracy

Poor sanitation; lack of health education

Rapid spread of disease

Lack of schools and teachers

Not enough homes

Widespread starvation

Thousands of unemployed people

of disease Lack of schools and teachers Not enough homes Widespread starvation Thousands of unemployed people

Managing Population Growth: Solutions

Managing Population Growth: Solutions Smaller families --India has encouraged people to have fewer children--BUT Indian

Smaller families--India has encouraged people to have fewer children--BUT

Indian women marry before age 18 and want many children

Children are a source of income--they beg for money in the street, work in the fields, help out in shops or markets.

Children represent security in old age--they take care of elderly parents.

Infant mortality rate is high--parents have

many children so they can be sure that some will live to be adults.

Managing Population Growth: Education is Key

India spends only $300 dollars per student.

Girls are not usually educated.

In the US, the per student cost is

$6500-$8500.

Education improves the status of girls.

More educated people can find work.

In 2009, the Indian government made education a fundamental right.

of girls. More educated people can find work. In 2009, the Indian government made education a
1. Analyzing data Find the bar on the pyramid that is your age and sex.

1. Analyzing data

Find the bar on the pyramid

that is your age and sex. How many millions of people fall into that group in India?

2. Making Comparisons

What age group is the largest? What is the largest age group by sex?

3. Making inferences

What might be said about the male/female composition of the population of India?