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" . l O M E /AU/ P M/TL34

Third Semester B .E. Degree Examination , Jun e/ Ju l y 20 1 4 Mechanics of Materials

Time : 3 MS.

M ax. Marks: 100

N o te : 1 . A n s w e r FI VE full que st ion s, selecting

1

at l e a s t TW O qu e s tion s from e a ch p a r t .

 2. Miss ing data ma y b e sui t abl y assumed. ~.
 c. A ste b a r is su b jected to an external loadi ng as shown in \g. l (c). Calculate the change In e ength of bar . Take E = 200 GPa for steel, E = a ' OPa f or alum i nium and

2

3

E = 100 GPa 1

i copper .

' - ' ~ '

k

~O ' \) > ~ 4

lY)'YY)

2--6'V

'1 ()' H )

~~

F

i g .Q l(c)

a De f ine (i) Poisson's ratio

.

b Deri v e an expression

.

for

(10 Marks )

W ".1_

71JY'f)

:v

I ~ JJ IIflm.J--
l~
lioN"»l
"
~
.1
N/m"f
'J. 0
,
J
Go,J }
I~PN;'" L -

Fig . Q 3(c )

Bulk modu u . lishing the r la to ship betw een Yo un g ' s

(02 Marks )

m

odulu s and

 modulus of rigidity . j ( 06 Marks ) c. A 2S mm diameter s . rod passes concentricall y .e gh a bronze tu be 400 mm lon g , SO mm external diart eter and 40 mm internal ' diameter . nd of t h e s t e el rod are thread e d and provided w it uts and washers which are adjusted , i n i t ' i aI Ix so th a t th ere i s n o end p lay at 20°C . Assumi n g that there is no change in t he thickness ~ he w as h ers , fmd the s t r ess produced ' he steel and b ronze whe n one o f the n uts is tightened W i v i ng it one-tenth of a turn , t4e pitch of the thread being 2.S mm. Take E for steel = ~ O @ / rnm ' and E for bro - 100 kN / mm 2 . ( 12 Marks ) a. - ~efme the principal planes and princip a l st r esses. . '-" xplain procedure for constructing Moh r 's circle, for an ' element a cted u pon 0 stresses and shear stresses. , Q6 " Marks )

c . The state of stress in two dimensionally stressed body is as shown in F ig . Q3 ( c ). Determ i n e

E

o

Z

-

~

0 o .

E

4

 the principal planes, principal stresses , maximum shear stress and their p lane s. ( 10 Marks ) a . Defme (i ) Strain energy (ii) Work . ( 03 Marks )

b . Prove that v olumetric strain in thin cylinder is given by Pd ( S - 4!l ), wi th usual no tati o ns.

,

I

4tE

(

07 Marks )

c. A C.! . pipe has 200 mm internal diameter ' and SO rnin metal th ickn e s s and carrie s water

under a pressure

circumfe r ential stress and sketch the distribut ' ion of circumferential stres s and radial pre ssure

across the section.

of S N / mm 2

,

,

Calculate the maximum and m inim um intensitie s of

1

"'j'

' 0 [2 , I

l

I

( 10 Marks )

"

I

5

lO M E/AU/PM/TL34

PART-B

a.

b

c . Draw SFD and BMD for the loading pattern on the beam in F ig .Q5 (c) . I ndicate the point of

Deri v e the relationship between load , shear force and bending moment . . Briefly explain the different types of loads.

(05 Mark s) (03 Marks )

 ~ • contraflexure. Also locate the maximum BM with its magnitude. (12 Marks ) ~ ' S ' ~\ - yy) , ~~ G~o·f °0 ~

b Prove t . 4e . maximum shear ' stress is 1.5 times the average X

.

rectangular l q ss-section.

.

.'

a s tress in a beam of

(06 Marks)

c At a given posi in

.

in a beam of uniform I -section is s ~e t d to a b ending moment of

100 kN-m. Plot t e ~ riation of bending stress across th ~

a

~ I . ~

t!5U mm

>,

c i o n . [Refer F ig.Q6(c)]

(~ JI L -- ~

I

'"

J

7 Derive the deflection e lJ tion for the beam in the stan t a

a

.

:::

EI~ ~ (x)

form

~

(10 Marks)

(06 Mark s)

b . For the bea ' loaded as shown in Fig . Q7(b) , fmd the position ~ l ]k (} ~ i P a gn itude of maximum

deflectio '

. 00~

v

O

~

ke I = 4.3 x 10 8 and E = 200 kN / mm 2 .

k .

f,

4 - oM f"., c

J·pn

Fig.Q7(b)

8 a. What are the assumptions made in theory of columns?

(14 Marks)

(03 Marks)

b . Derive an expression for the critical load in a column subjected to co mp ressive load , when

one end is fixed and other end is free .

(07 Marks )

c . Find the diameter of the shaft required to transmit 60 kW at 150 rpm if th e maximum torque

is 25% more than the mean torque for a maximum shear stress of 60 MPa. Find also the

angle of twist in a length of 4m. Take G = 80 GPa.

(10 Marks)

* * * *

20f2

*