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Code No: R42025

R10

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

NONCONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY

(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1 How does declination angle varies daily in a year?

a)

[7]

b)

What are instruments used for measuring solar radiation? Explain the working of any one instrument in detail.

[8]

2 Draw the schematic of a parabolic dish system collector and explain its

a)

working.

[8]

b)

A photocell has a saturation current I s = 2×10 -2 amps, a short circuit current I sc = 30 mA, and an area of 1 cm 2 . Find the maximum power output, the fill

factor, and the conversion efficiency of the cell. cell is required to give the maximum output?

What resistance across the

[7]

3 Discuss about wind energy potential in India. What is the growth scenario in India for wind energy with reference to other energy options? [8]

a)

b)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of Horizontal axis wind turbines? [7]

4 Explain the need for tracking maximum power for a wind farm.

a)

[7]

b)

Draw the schematic of a standalone PV system with batter backup and explain about the different components present in it.

[8]

5 Discuss the possible role of biomass energy in meeting the global energy needs.

a)

[7]

b)

What are the various types of digestors in practice for anaerobic digestion of solid organic wastes?

[8]

6 Explain in detail the working of a geothermal power plant with necessary diagrams.

[15]

7 Explain the working of a wave energy generator with the help of a neat schematic.

a)

[9]

b)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of Tidal power generation? [6]

8 Write a short notes on i) Carnot cycle

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ii) Fuel cells

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[15]

Code No: R42025

R10

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

NONCONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY

(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1 Draw the solar radiation spectrum showing the variation of spectral irradiance with respect to wavelength and explain it.

a)

[8]

b)

What is solar constant? Explain its significance.

[7]

2 Draw the schematic of a flat plate collector and explain its working. [8]

a)

b)

A solar panel is made up of 40 silicon cells in series each of area 0.01 m 2 , open circuit voltage 0.6 V, and fill factor 0.7. The short circuit current density of a panel under AM 1.5 illumination is 400 A m -2 . With 750 kWh m -2 y -1 of solar radiation, if an area of 8 m 2 is available on a house, estimate the amount of energy per year that could be provided by solar panels. [7]

3 What are the technical parameters which can be used to characterize a wind mill rotor?

a)

[7]

b)

What are the design aspects of Horizontal axis windmills?

[8]

4 Explain how a boost converter can be used to track maximum power from a PV source.

a)

[8]

b)

Discuss the impact of blocking diode to control night time battery leakage.

[7]

5 What are the characteristics of bio-gas? Explain its utilization for cooking purpose.

a)

[8]

b)

Classify Biomass conversion technologies based on method of decomposition and engineering design.

[7]

6 Explain different methods for harnessing Geothermal energy.

[15]

7 Draw the schematic of a mini-hydel power plant and explain about the different components present in it.

a)

[8]

b)

Explain how power could be produced from tides.

[7]

8 Write a short notes on i) Betz criteria

ii) Selection of Fuel cells

[15]

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Code No: R42025

R10

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

NONCONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY

(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1 Define the following terms:

a)

i) Latitude

ii) Hour angle

 

iii) surface azimuth angle and

iv) angle of incidence.

[8]

b)

Explain the working of Pyrheliometer for solar radiation measurement.

[7]

2 Draw

a)

the

schematic

of

a solar water heating system showing different

components and explain its operation.

 

[8]

b)

Explain the physical concepts involved in estimating the performance of a solar flat plate collector.

[7]

3 What are the factors which need to be considered for wind turbine site selection?

a)

[7]

b)

Explain the dependency of the power coefficient Cp on the tip-speed ratio ʹλ. [8]

4 With the help of I-V characteristics of a PV module and load, explain the need for maximum power tracking.

a)

[8]

b)

A PV module is made up of 36 cells, each having a reverse saturation current I 0 of 1 × 10−10 A and a parallel resistance of 8 Ω. The PVs provide the equivalent of 5 A for 6 h each day. The module is connected without a blocking diode to a battery with voltage 12.5 V.

i) How many Ah will be discharged from the battery over a 15-h night?

ii) How much energy will be lost due to this discharge?

 

iii) If a blocking diode is added, how much energy will be dissipated through the diode during the daytime. Assume the diode while conducting has a voltage drop of 0.6 V.

[7]

5 What are the types of digestors used for anaerobic digestion and explain the functioning of any digestor clearly.

[15]

6 Draw the schematic of a Geothermal power plant and explain its operation.

[15]

7 Explain the basic concepts of tides and tidal power.

a)

 

[7]

b)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of OTEC systems? Also explain their environmental impacts.

[8]

8 Write a short notes on i) Carnot cycle and its limitations

ii) Working of a Fuel cell

[15]

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Code No: R42025

R10

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

NONCONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY

(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1 Define the following terms: i) Beam radiation ii) Diffuse radiation

a)

 
 

iii) Irradiation

iv) Emissive power.

[8]

b)

Obtain the expressions for beam radiation and diffuse radiations on inclined

surfaces.

[7]

2 Explain the principle of photo voltaic energy conversion.

a)

 

[7]

b)

Explain the working of Pyranometer for solar radiation measurement.

[8]

3 Explain the parameters which characterize a wind rotor mill

a)

 

i) Tip-speed ratio

ii) Coefficient of performance and

iii) solidity.

[7]

b)

Show that power coefficient C p is 16/27 of the incident wind power for a wind turbine.

[8]

4 Explain the significance of using maximum power point tracking for PV systems. [8]

a)

b)

A 100-Ah, 12-V battery with a rest voltage of 12.5 V (at its current SOC) is charged at a C/5 rate, during which time the applied voltage is 13.2 V. Using a simple Thevenin equivalent:

 

i). Estimate the internal resistance of the battery. ii). What fraction of the input power is lost in the internal resistance of the battery? iii). If the charging is done at a C/20 rate, what fraction of the input power would be lost due to the internal resistance?

[7]

5 Discuss various biomass energy conversion routes for extracting energy from biomass.

a)

[8]

b)

What is biogas? Explain how it can be produced.

 

[7]

6 Discuss about the potential of Geothermal energy in India and mention the sites. [8]

a)

b)

Describe the advantages of using geothermal energy for power generation? Are there any other applications of geothermal energy other than for generating

 

electricity?

[7]

7 Discuss the important features of different types of Ocean thermal energy

conversion systems for energy generation. disadvantages and their environmental impact?

What are their advantages and

[15]

8 Write a short notes on i) Principle of Direct energy conversion

ii) Mini-hydel power plant

[15]

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Code No: R42049

R10

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS

(Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics &Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1 What is meant by scheduling mechanism? List any 4 scheduling algorithms and explain one of them with example.

a)

[8]

b)

Contrast the Hard real time system and soft real time system.

[7]

2 Explain with your programs semaphore, Binary mutex of Vx works.

a)

[8]

b)

Explain about content switchers with an example.

[7]

3 Explain the case study of an embedded system for a smart card.

[15]

4 How will you design an application for Adaptive Cruise Control System in Car in detail? (Write with design and code.)

[15]

5 List the file manipulation commands of UNIX.

a)

[8]

b)

Write a shell program to find the number of uses in logged in.

[7]

6 Explain Queue related functions.

a)

[8]

b)

Explain detail about Memory allocation related functions

[7]

7 What are the various features of VxWorks?

a)

[8]

b)

Name any four interrupt service functions supported by VxWorks.

[7]

8 Write short notes on:

a) OS Security Issues

b) Process Management

c) RT Linux-process management

[15]

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Code No: R42049

R10

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS

(Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics &Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1 Explain the scheduling algorithms to a weighted round robin approach with an example.

a)

[8]

b)

What is meant by offline or online scheduling? Where do we use these scheduling methods?

[7]

2 What are the capabilities of a RTOS?

a)

[8]

b)

Write about Interrupt Service Handling in RTOS.

[7]

3 Explain the various multiple function calls in Embedded C

a)

[8]

b)

Explain the RTOS programming tool MicroC/OS-II.

[7]

4 Discuss with the diagram task synchronization model for a specific application.

[15]

5 Write in detail about MUCOS and it’s features with a suitable example.

a)

[8]

b)

Explain about content switchers with an example.

[7]

6 How will you design an application for sending Application Layer Byte Stream on a TCP/IP Network in detail? (Write with design and code.)

[15]

7 What are the different types of semaphores in v x works? Which is the fastest?

a)

[8]

b)

Explain multiple tasks and their functions.

[7]

8 Write short notes on:

a) Memory Management

b) List the Features of VxWorks.

c) Scheduling of resources in RT Linux.

[15]

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Code No: R42049

R10

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS

(Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics &Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1

a) What is the difference between Resource Parameters of jobs and parameters of resources?

[8]

b) Write about Interrupt Service Handling in RTOS.

[7]

2

a) Explain detail about Memory allocation related functions.

[8]

b) Explain briefly about mailbox related functions.

[7]

3

Draw and explain basic system of an Automatic chocolate vending system

[15]

4

a) Describe watch dugs and I/O system of VX works?

[8]

b) Explain the RTOS programming tool MicroC/OS-II.

[7]

5

a) Explain how IPCs are used in embedded system.

[8]

b) Explain V x works function calls for task state transition.

[7]

6

How will you design an application to create a Smart Card in detail. (Write with design and code.)

[15]

7

a) Give the exemplary coding techniques

[8]

b) Write a shell program to find the number of uses in logged in.

[7]

8

a) List the file manipulation commands of UNIX.

[8]

b) Write a shell program to find the number of uses in logged in.

[7]

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Code No: R42049

R10

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, July/Aug - 2015

REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS

(Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics &Computer Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks *****

Max. Marks: 75

1 Contrast the Hard real time system and soft real time system.

a)

[8]

b)

Discuss the important characteristics of real time systems?

[7]

2 How does precedence given to certain tasks create bottle neck to the process with functional parameter dependency?

a)

[8]

b)

What are the capabilities of a RTOS?

[7]

3 Describe any four commonly used approaches to Real Time Scheduling

a)

[8]

b)

What are all the capabilities of commercial real time operating systems?

[7]

4 Differentiate between mutexes vs. semaphores

a)

[8]

b)

What is an Embedded system? Differentiate between embedded system and real-time system.

[7]

5 How can operating systems can be related to an embedded system in real time applications.

a)

[8]

b)

Write about Interrupt Service Handling in RTOS

[7]

6 How will you design a application for Automatic Chocolate Vending Machine in detail. (Write with design and code.)

a)

[15]

7 What are the different types of semaphores in v x works? Which is the fastest?

a)

[8]

b)

List the file manipulation commands of UNIX.

[7]

8 Write short notes on:

a) mailbox related functions

b) function for receiving a message from a queue

c) Needs for memory management.

[15]

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