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Thailands policy and direction

on green automotive technologies

Mr.Vichai Jirathiyut
President of Thailand Automotive Institute

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Outline

I. Thailand Automotive Industry Overview


II. Thailand Automotive Industry & Government Policy
III. Impact of Climate Change on Automotive Industry
IV. Thailand Automotive Industry Vision & Master Plan
V. Green Vehicle

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I. Thailand Automotive Industry Overview
Data source: OICA ; Analyzed by TAI

World motor vehicle production ranking 2014

14 11
10
4 3
2 13
9
1
5
7
6 12

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Production 2014 (x1,000,000 units)


1. China 23.72 6. India 3.84 11. Russia 1.89
2. USA 11.66 7. Mexico 3.36 12. Thailand 1.88
3. Japan 9.77 8. Brazil 3.14 13. France 1.81
5.90 9. Spain 2.40 14. UK 1.59
4. Germany 3
5. South Korea 4.52 10. Canada 2.39 15. Indonesia 1.29
I. Thailand Automotive Industry Overview
International car production base

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I. Thailand Automotive Industry Overview
Data source: TAI (2014)

Light weight vehicle Capacity 2.7 mill. unit/year Auto Alliance (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Location : Rayong
Honda Automobile (Thailand) Co., LTD. Capacity : 300,000 units per year
Location : Ayuthaya
Capacity : 240,00 units per year BMW Manufacturing (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Location : Rayong
Capacity : 10,000 units per year
Nissan Motor (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Location : Samutprakarn
Capacity : 240,000 units per year Ford Motor Company (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Location : Rayong
Toyota Autoworks Co., Ltd. Capacity : 200,000 units per year
Location : Samutprakarn,
Capacity : 18,000 units per year General Motors (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Location : Rayong
Thonburi Automotive Assembly Plant Co., Ltd. Capacity : 160,000 units per year
Location : Samutprakarn
Capacity : 8,000 units per year Suzuki Motor (Thailand) Co., LTD.
Location : Rayong
Toyota Motor Thailand Co., Ltd. Capacity : 135,000 units per year
Location : Samutprakarn, Chachoengsao
Capacity : 700,000 units per year SAIC Motor-CP Co., Ltd.
Location : Rayong
Isuzu Motors Company (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Capacity : 50,000 units per year
Location : Samutprakarn, Chachoengsao
Capacity : 200,000 units per year

Dongfeng Automobile Co., Ltd. Mitsubishi Motors (Thailand) Co., Ltd.


Location : Chachoengsao Location : Chonburi
Capacity : 5,300 units per year
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Capacity : 450,000 units per year
I. Thailand Automotive Industry Overview
Data source: TAI (2014)

Heavy duty vehicle Capacity 86,850 unit/year

TC Manufacturing and
Assembly (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Location : Bangkok Scania (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Capacity : 12,000 units per year Location : Chachoengsao
Capacity : 1,000 units per year

Isuzu Motors Company


(Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Location : Chachoengsao
Thai-Swedish Assembly Co., Ltd. Capacity : 20,000 units per year
Location : Samutprakarn
Capacity : 21,700 units per year

Hino Motors Sales


(Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Thonburi Automotive Location : Samutprakarn, Chonburi
Assembly Plant Co., Ltd. Capacity : 25,150 units per year
Location : Samutprakarn
Capacity : 7,000 units per year
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I. Thailand Automotive Industry Overview
Data source: TAI (2014)

Motorcycle Assembler
THAI SUZUKI MOTOR CO.,LTD Capacity TRIUMPH MOTORCYCLES (THAILAND) LTD.
Location : Pathumtani 2.96 mill. unit/year Location : Chonburi
Capacity : 600,000 units per year Capacity : 54,000 units per year

THAI HONDA
MANUFACTURING CO.,LTD.
Location : Bangkok KAWASAKI MOTORS ENTERPRISE
Capacity : 1,700,000 units per year (THAILAND) CO.,LTD
Location : Rayong
Capacity : 150,000 units per year

DUCATI MOTOR (THAILAND) CO.,LTD.


Location : Rayong
THAI YAMAHA MOTOR CO.,LTD. Capacity : 5,000 units per year
Location : Samutprakarn
Capacity : 450,000 units per year
BMW MANUFACTURING (THAILAND)
COMPANY LIMITED
Location : Rayong
Capacity : 5,000 units per year
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I. Thailand Automotive Industry Overview
Data source: TAI (2014)

Pathumthani
Body Parts: 18%,
Engine Parts; Electrical Parts: 13% each,
Suspension & Brake Parts: 10%, Rayong
Drive, Transmission&Steering Parts; Accessories: 8% each, Body Parts: 24%,
Other: 31% Engine Parts; Drive, Transmission &Steering
Parts: 15% each,
Suspension & Brake Parts: 12%,
Bangkok Electrical Parts: 10%,
Body Parts: 9%, Accessories: 7%,
Engine Parts; Electrical Parts; Drive, Mold&Die: 2%,
Transmission&Steering Parts; Accessories: 6% each, Other: 15%
Suspension & Brake Parts: 4%,
Mold&Die: 3%,
Other: 60%
Chonburi
Body Parts: 25%,
Samutprakarn Engine Parts: 22%,
Body Parts: 22%, Drive, Transmission &Steering Parts: 15%,
Electrical Parts: 15%, Electrical Parts: 9%,
Engine Parts; Drive, Transmission &Steering Parts: 8% each, Accessories: 5%,
Suspension & Brake Parts: 5%, Suspension & Brake Parts: 4%,
Mold&Die: 4%, Accessories: 3%, Other: 36% Mold&Die: 4%, Other: 16%

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II. Thailand Automotive Industry & Government Policy
Data source: AIC ; Analyzed by TAI

Unit : x1,000 Domestic Sales Exports Production


3,000

2,000

1,000

0
1961

1966

1971

1976

1981

1986

1991

1996

2001

2006

2011
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010

Inception Investment Domestic part 1 Ton pick up Restructuring Automotive


Promotion and Promotion truck Recover from crisis production hub
Import ASEAN FTA
substitution
BOI Limited model Increase LCR Small truck No LCR Alternative
Tariff LCR CBU ban lifted industry policy Tax Restructuring energy
reduction for CBU import ban for >2,300 cc Tariff reduction FTAs New excise tax
CKD Engine plant Eco Car 1 (CO2 basis)
promotion Eco Car 2 9
II. Thailand Automotive Industry & Government Policy
Data source: AIC ; Analyzed by TAI

Thailand motor vehicle production by type


Eco car Passenger car Pick up Truck & Bus

3,000 100%

2,454
2,454
90%
Unit: x 1,000

2,500
80%

1,880
70%
2,000

1,645
60%

1,392
1,301
1,193
1,500 50%

1,125

1,458
40%

960
1,000 751
30%
554

585

999
524

459
434
420

412

20%
359

319

500

604
143

10%
0 0%
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015 Q1
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III. Impact of Climate Change on Automotive Industry

Volatile organic compound

Source: Automotive
Foundation (FIA)

Source: International
Energy Agency (IEA) 11
IV. Thailand Automotive Industry Vision & Master Plan

Vision 2011 Vision 2021

Thailand is production base in Thailand is a global GREEN


Asia which creates more automotive production base with
value added to the country with strong domestic supply chains
strong automotive parts industry which create high value added
for the country

Green = Environmental friendly & international standard

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IV. Thailand Automotive Industry Vision & Master Plan
Master Plan for Automotive Industry 2012 2016
Vision 2021
Thailand is a global GREEN automotive production base
with strong domestic supply chains
which create high value added for the country

Strategic Plan
(3 COEs + 2 ENVs)
Alternative Energy Productivity
Integrated AHRD
COE - 1 Light Weight Vehicles COE - 2 System Development COE - 3 Improvement

Research and Human Entrepreneur Cluster / Supply Chain


Vehicle Safety Capability Upgrading
Technology Resource Strength Network
Development Advance Production Development AHRD Alliance Enhancement Green Manufacturing
Technology

Testing and R&D Centers


ENV-1
Automotive Information Center
Infrastructure Automotive Academy

Policy Integration
ENV-2 Policy Research Support
Government Policy Promote Investment Promotion for Green and Product
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Branding for REM
V. Green vehicle

CO2 : less than 100 g/km Low CO2 Low tax rate On process
Emission : Euro V Active safety : ABS, ESC
Safety standard : R94,
R95
Safety part : ABS, ESC
FC : 4.3 l/100 km.
CO2 Electric
Eco car 2
Excise Tax vehicle
Note: FC = Fuel consumption

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V. Green vehicle : Eco Car

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V. Green vehicle : Eco Car
Eco Car 2
Criteria Car Qualification
Package: Car assembly + Engine manufacturing + Part manufacturing 4.3 liter per 100 km.
Actual production not less than 100,000 units per year from year 4 Euro V standard
Have to start by 2019 CO2 not exceed 100 g/km
At lease 4 of the 5 Cs of engine parts Safety standard UN ECE
Investment minimum: 6.5 billion Baht R 94&95
Deadline submission 31 March 2014 Safety part: ABS ESC
Incentives
Exemption of import duty on machinery
Up to 90% import duty reduction on raw material
Exemption on corporate income tax of 6 years, not exceed the project investment amount
One or Two additional year if there is investment or expenditure in developing Thai auto part suppliers16
V. Green vehicle : CO2 Excise Tax
New motor vehicle excise tax
Current New 2015
Motor vehicle type Passenger car, Passenger car,
1 ton pick up and derivative 1 ton pick up and derivative
Normal tax rate 50% 50%
Attribute for tax reduction Low CC Low HP Clean Efficiency - Safety
TISI test required No Yes
Active safety: ABS, ESC Not required Required for lower tax rate
Public information Close Transparency

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V. Green vehicle : CO2 Excise Tax
New motor vehicle excise tax : Eco sticker

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V. Green vehicle : CO2 Excise Tax
Data source: The Excise Department ; Analyzed by TAI

Engine size (cc) CO2 (g/km) E10 E20 E85 NGV Hybrid EV/FC
Current tax rate (%)
Eco Car (Gasoline/Diesel) 1,300/1,400 17
2,000 30 25 22
2,001-2,500 35 30 27 20 10 10
Passenger car
2,501-3,000 40 35 32
>3,000 50
PPV / Double Cab / Space Cab 3,250 20/12/ - /3,18
/ Pick up >3,250 50
2015 Tax rate (%)
100 14* 12*
Eco Car (Gasoline/Diesel) 1,300/1,500
101-120 17 17
100 30* 25* 10*
101-150 30* 25* 20
< 3,000 10
Passenger car 151-200 35 30 25
>200 40 35 30
>3,000 50
200 25*/12/5/3,18
PPV / Double Cab / Space Cab 3,250
>200 30/15/7/5,18
/ Pick up
>3,250 50 19
Note: * Active safety (ABS, ESC)
V. Green vehicle : Electric vehicle

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Thank You
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