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# BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, MESRA, RANCHI

## DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS

MA 1201 Engineering Mathematics 2015 -16
Tutorial Sheet No. 2
Module IV:
1. Define Gamma function, and establish a Reduction formula for (n) .
2. Define Beta function and Prove that it is symmetric about m & n.
m 1 n 1
/2

2 2 1
0 and hence find the value of
m n
3. Prove that: sin cos d
m n 2 2
2
2
.
4. Show that :

2 2

1
x 2 dx
1
dx
i)
tan d cot d ii) 1 x4

1 x4

4 2
0 0 2 0 0

2
d 2
x dx e
x 4 x4
iii)
2
dx iv)
sin d
e
8 2
0 0
0 sin 0

p 1 2
1
1 ( p ) 1
(8 x ) 3 dx
3
v) y q 1 log dy where p>0 ,q>0 vi)
0 y qp 0
60

( m ) ( n )
5. Prove that ( m, n)
(m n)

1
6. Show that ( m) m 2 m 1 ( 2m) where m is positive
2 2

## 7. Prove that (m, n) ( m 1, n) ( m, n 1)

y m 1 dy
8. Prove that n, m
0 1 y m n

x p 1
9. Assuming 0 1 x dx sinp ; 0 p 1, prove that

( n) (1 n) ; 0 n 1
sin n

1

( p ) ( q )
10. Prove that 0
2 sin 2p -1cos 2q -1d
2 ( p q )

1
11. Prove that =
2
12. Prove that the integrals;

( m) b
(a) e
ax
cos bx . x m -1dx = m
cos m where r a 2 b 2 , tan
0 r a

m b
(b) e
ax
sin bx . x m -1dx = m
sin m , where r a 2 b 2 , tan
0 r a

5 1
1
1
x 3
2 6 2
13. Using Beta & Gamma function , Prove that dx =
1 x3 4
0
3
3
1
3
14. Using Beta & Gamma function , Prove that x
0
4
e x dx =
2

x 1 x
5 3 10
15. Evaluate, dx using Beta & Gamma function.
0

(l ) (m) ( n )( p )
16. Prove that l , m . l m, n . l m n, p
l m n p

xc c 1
17. Prove that,
0 c x
dx
log c c 1
; c 1

x p 1 x q 1
1

## 18. Prove that , ( p, q )

0 (1 x) p q
dx

1 x2 2a 3a y

19. Evaluate: a) (x
2
xy )dydx b) dxdy
0 x 3 0 y2 / 4a

2 x x y 2 1 x x y

e e
x y z z
20. Evaluate: a) dzdydx b) dzdydx
0 0 0 0 0 0

4 x x y

0 0 0

## 22. Change the order of integration of the following double integral:

2
a x 2a
a x
( y)
a) ( a x )( x y )
dydx b)
0
f ( x, y ) dydx b
0 0 a2 x2

2a 2 ax a lx

c)
0
2
f ( x, y ) dydx d) Vdydx
2 ax x 0 mx

23. Change the order of integration of the following double integrals and hence evaluate the
same:
a a a a2 y2
x
a)
0 y x y2
2
dydx b)
0
dydx
a2 y 2

x
ey
xe
x2 / y
c) dydx d) dydx
0 0 0 x
y

## 24. Transform from Cartesian to Polar form and then evaluate:

2 xx2 a a
2
x x2
a) x y2
2
dydx b)
0
y ( x 2 y 2 ) 3 / 2 dydx
0 0

r
25. Evaluate a2 r2
drd over the loop of the lemniscate r2 = a 2 cos 2

29. Find the area that lies inside the circle r = a cos and outside the Cardioid r=
a (1 cos ) .

x2 y 2 z 2
30. Find by triple integration the volume of the ellipsoid 1.
a 2 b2 c2
31. Find the volume common to the two cylinders y2+z2= a2 and x2+z2= a2
32. Find the volume bounded by the cylinder x2+y2 = 4 and the planes x+z = 4 and z = 0.
33. Find the volume of the portion of the sphere x2+ y2 +z2 = a2 lying inside the cylinder
x2+y2 - ax =0.
34. Find the volume bounded by the paraboloid x2+y2 = az, the cylinder x2+y2 = 2ay and
the plane z = 0.
128 3
35. Prove that the volume enclosed by the cylinders x2+y2 = 2ax and z 2 =2ax is a
15
36.
Find the area of the portion of the cylinder x2+z2=4 lying inside the cylinder x2+y2= 4.
37.
Find the area of the portion of the sphere x2+y2+z2=9 lying inside the cylinder x2 + y2 =3y

3
38.
Evaluate (x+y)2 dxdy, where R is the parallelogram in the xy-plane with vertices
(1,0), (3.1), (2,2), (0.1) using the transformation u = x+y and v = x-2y.

Module V:
x2 y2
39.
Show that the polar equation of the ellipse 1, if the pole be at its centre and the
9 4

36
positive direction of the x axis be the direction of the polar axis is r 2
9 5 cos 2
40.
Write down the polar equation of the circle of radius 2 units with centre on the initial line
at a distance of 2 units from the pole on the positive side.
1
41.
Show that the condition that the straight line a cos b sin may touch the circle
r
r 2k cos is b 2 k 2 2ak 1.
l
42.
Show that the equation of chord of the conic 1 e cos joining the points A and B
r

l
whose polar angles are A( ) and B ( ) is e cos sec cos( )
r
l
43.
Show that the equation of tangent to the conic 1 e cos at A( ) is
r

l
e cos cos( )
r
l l
44.
Show that the straight line A cos B sin touches the conic 1 e cos if
r r
( A e ) 2 B 2 1.

6
45.
Verify whether the line r cos( ) 2 5 , is a tangent to the conic 2 cos , where
r
tan 2 . If so, find the point of tangency.
l1 l
46.
Show that the conics 1 e1 cos and 2 1 e2 cos( ) will touch each other if
r r
2 2 2 2
l1 (1 e 2 ) l 2 (1 e1 ) 2l1l 2 (1 e1e2 cos ).

4
1
47.
Show that the condition that the straight line a cos b sin may touch the conic
r

l
1 e cos is (al e) 2 b 2 l 2 1.
r
l
48.
Show that the equation of chord of contact of the tangents to the conic 1 e cos ,
r

l l
drawn from the point ( , ) is e cos e cos cos( )
r
l
49.
Show that the director circle of the conic 1 e cos is
r
r 2 (e 2 1) 2ler cos 2l 2 0.
50.
Show that the locus of the point of intersection of a pair of perpendicular tangents to the

## conic l 1 e cos represents a circle (director circle).

r

l
51.
Prove that the equation of pair of asymptotes to the conic 1 e cos is
r
2
l
(e e ) cos
1

1 e 2 sin 2 .
r

Module VI:
52.

If P 5t 2i t 3 j tk and Q 2 sin ti cos tj 5tk , find
d d
(i) ( P.Q) (ii) ( P Q) .
dt dt
53.
Consider the curve given by the parametric equations: x cos t , y sin t , z t / 3 for
4 t 4 . Find the tangent vector and length of the tangent vector.
54.
Compute the curvature of the curve having parametric representation:
x cos t t sin t , x sin t t cos t , z t 2 for t 0.
55.
Consider the curve with position function:
F (t ) (cos t t sin t )i (sin t t cos t ) j t 2 k for t 0 .
Compute the unit tangent T (s ) and the unit normal N (s )
56.
For the curve C with position function: F (t ) (cos t t sin t )i (sin t t cos t ) j t 2 k
for t 0 . Compute the tangential and normal components of acceleration.

5
57.
A particle moves along the curve r t 2 i t 3 j t 4 k, where t is the time. Find the
magnitude of tangential and normal components of the acceleration when t 1.
58.
The position of a moving particle is given by r 2 cos ti 2 sin tj 3tk, Find the vectors
,
,
. Also find the curvature.
59.
Find the curvature and torsion for the following curve: r (t ) e t cos ti e t sin tj 2k
60.
Find a unit vector normal to the surface xy2 = 4 at the point (-1,-1.2).
61.
Find a unit vector normal to the surface xy3 = 4 at the point (-1,1,2).
62.
Find the constants a & b so that the surface ax 2 byz = (a+2) x is orthogonal to the
surface 4x2-yz+z3=4 at the point (l,l,-2).
63.
Find the directional derivative of f(x,y,z) = 2xy+z 2 at the point (l,-l,3) in the direction of
the vector i+2j+2k
64.
In what direction from (3,1,-2) is the directional derivative of = x2 y - 2x4 maximum?
Find also the magnitude of this maximum.
65.
Evaluate: i) div F and Curl F, where F= grad (x3+y3+z3-3xyz).
ii) If = (x+y+z) i+j-(x+y) k show that Curl = 0.
66.
Prove that
(i) div grad f = 2f
(ii) curl grad f = X f = 0
(iii) div curl F =. X F = 0
(iv) X ( X F) =(.F)- 2F
(v) (.)= X ( X )+2
where f and ( X ) being vector point functions j
67.
Show that 2 (rn) = n(n+1) rn-2
68.
If u =v, where u and v are scalar fields and is a vector field, show that curl=0
69.
If r1, r2 be the vectors joining the fixed points (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2 ) respectively
to a variable point (x,y, z) prove that
(i) div(r1 X r2 ) = 0
(ii) grad (r1. r2) = r1 + r2
(iii) curl(r1 X r2) = 2( r1- r2)

6
Module VII:
70.
Find the work done in moving a particle once around a circle C in the XY plane, of
the circle has center at the origin and radius 2 and if the force field is given by
F = (2x-y+2z) i+ (x+y+z)j + (3x-2y-5z)k .
71.
If F = 3xy i y2j, evaluate F.dr where C is the curve in the xy plane y = 2x2
C

## from (0,0) to (1,2).

72.
Find the circulation of F around the curve C where F = yi + zj+xk and and C is the
circle x2+y2 = 1, z=0
73.
If F= (3x2+6y) i 14yzj+20xz2k, evaluate the line integral F.dr from (0,0,0) to
C

## (1,1,1) along the following paths C given by

(i) x=t, y=t2, z=t3
(ii) the straight line from (0,0,0) to (1,0,0) and then (1,1,1)
(iii) the straight line joining (0,0,0) to 1,1,1).
74.
Show that F = (2xy-z3)i+x2j+3x2 k is a conservative force field. Find the scalar potential.
Find also the work done in moving an objects in this field from (1,-2,1) to (3,1,4).
75.
Evaluate ( yzi zxj xyk )ds where S is the surface of the sphere
S

## x2+y2+z2 = a2 in the first octant.

76.
By Gausss Divergence theorem evaluate

dzdx 2 z( xy x y)dxdy}
2 2
{( x dydz y
S
where S is the surface of the cube 0 x 1, 0 y 1, 0 z 1.
77.
Verify divergence theorem for F = x2 i+zj+yzk, taken over the cube bounded by
x = 0, x =1, y = 0, y =1, z = 0, z =1.

( x dydz x
3 2
78.
By transforming to a triple integral evaluate, zdxdy
S

where S is the closed surface bounded by the planes x=0, x=6 and cylinder x2+y2=a2.
79.
Apply divergence theorem to evaluate

7
{(x z)dydz ( y z)dzdx (x y)dxdy}
S
where S is the surface of the sphere x2+y2+z2=4.
80.
State and prove Greens theorem in xy plane.
81.
State and prove stokes theorem.
82.
State and prove Gausss Divergence Theorem

2 2 2
83.
C

## where C is the square formed by the lines x = 1, y = 1.

84.
Applying Greens theorem to evaluate {(y - Sinx) dx Cosxdy} where C is the plane
C

## triangle enclosed by the lines y=0, x= /2,and y = 3x/2

Verify Greens theorem {(xy y )dx x dy} , where C is bounded by the curve
2 2
85.
C

y =x and y = x2.
86.
Verify Stokes theorem for F = (x 2+y2)i-2xy j taken around the rectangle bounded by the
lines x = a, y=0, y=b.
87.
Verify stokes theorem for the vector field F = (x2-y2) i + 2xyj integrated round the
rectangle in the plane z = 0 and bounded by the lines x=0, y=0, x = a and y=b.
88.
Verify stokes theorem for the vector field F = (2x-y) i-yz 2j y2zk over the upper half
surface of x2+y2+z2=1, bounded by its projection on the xy plane.
89.
Verify Divergence theorem for F = (x2-yz) i + (y2-zx) j + (z2-xy) taken over the rectangular
parallelepiped 0 x a, 0 y b, 0 z c.
90.
Verify Gausss Divergence theorem for the function F = y i + x j + z2k over the
cylindrical region bounded by x2+y2=9, z=0 and z=2.