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Pred by Edn Pres Lid Watfrd, Hos
AsS00}3 100018751085.
UNIVERSITY OF LONDON
General Certificate of Education Examination
Ordinary Level
MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS D
INstRuctIONS
Paper 1
Multiple choice objective test. Papers obtainable separately.
Paper 2
Answer ALL questions in Section A. In Section B, full marks may
be obtained for answers to FOUR questions. If more than four
questions aré attempted, only the best four answers will Be taken
into account,
TWO HOURS are allowed. All necessary working must be
shown,
Paper 3
As for paper 2.
Take 7 as 3-142 when required.
JUNE 1973
Paper 2
Section A
1. A cup costs 244p and a saucer costs 154p. How much change
should be given from £5 after purchasing 8 cups and 8 saucers?
(3 marks)
2. Solve the equation 2x* +. 6x + 3 = 0, giving the roots correct
to two decimal places
(4 marks)
3..A plot of land has an area of 8 km*, The owner sells 3 of it
for farming and 4 of the remainder for building. Calculate
the value of the part he keeps if it is worth £51 000 per km',
(4 marks)5
2 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
(a) (0) io]
The diagrams show (a) an, equilateral triangle, (6) a regular
pentagon, (c) a rhombus. Sketch the diagrams’ and show, by
dotted lines, all the lines of symmetry in each case
(& marks)
5. Calculate the value of when » = 64,
pet
vy (4 marks)
6, Factorise completely the expression 2x" — 9x" | 10y ~ 3 given
that (x = 3) is one of the factors.
(4 marks)
7. ‘The distance, s metres, from a given point, of a car after
travelling for a time 1 seconds is given by the equation
s= St 301 +2. Calculate the value of f when the speed
Of the car is 10 metres per second.
(4 marks)
8, Two similar polygons have areas of 160 cm? and 360 em*
respectively. The shortest side of te larger polygon is 18 cm.
Calculate the length of the shortest side of the smaller polygon,
(4 marks)
Section B
9.JLM is a chord of a Circle of radus 12:5 cm and centre O.
aoGiven that L LOM = 128°, calculats
(a) the length of the chord LM,
(b) the area of the smaller sector of the circle cut off by the
radii OL and OM,
(0) the area of the quadrilateral LOMT, where T is the point
of intersection of the tangents at 1. and M.
(17 marks)
ORDINARY LEVEL! JUNE 1973, 3
10. The following table gives the corresponding values of x and
fort equatin y= 24 3
x fom tyes) a jas) spay sy
Using scales of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the xwaxis and
Jem to represent 1 unit on the y-axis, draw the graph of
2
+b 3y — 8 from x = 0-75 (0 x
From your graph find
(@) the value of y when x = 3:35,
(b) the range of positive values of x for which y is less than &
(©) the gradient of the graph at the point where w= Sho
By drawing a suitable straight line to cut the graph, determine
the values of x for which 12 4.2» — 13,
= (17 marks)
u.
A solid metal eube, whose edges are each 6 em, has one corn
removed, a8 shown-in the figure, where 4, Band Cn aa,
points of edges of the cute12,
13,
4
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
(a) Calculate the volume of metal in the remaining solid.
(6) If the metal removed is recast into a solid sphere,
calculate the radius of the sphere, correct to 3 significant
figures.
(©) Caleulate the area of the triangular face ABC, (17 marks)
On a certain golf course, the distance from the tee T'to the
hole 1 is 250m. A player drives his ball from T to a point
'S where 75 = 180 m and LSTH = 4",
Calculate, correct to 0-1 m, the distance Si,
‘A second player drives his ball ftom T to @ point Q, such
that LH70 = 7 and £TOH = ‘50°. Calculate, correct to
Um, the distance TO,
A third player drives his ball a distance of 200 m from T to
a point P which is 60 m from #7. Calculate the angle PTH.
(17 marks)
A sequence of unequal numbers forms an arithmetic
progression with first term 24. The first, fifth and seventh
{terms of this arithmetic progression are also the first three
ferms of a geometric progression.
Calculate
(@) the common difference of the arithmetic progression,
(B) the sum of the first 12 terms of the arithmetic progression,
() the common ratio of the geometric progression,
(@) the value of the 6th term of the geometric progression.
(17 marks)
| ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1973 5
The figure shows two unequal circles, with centres X and Y,
which ‘touch externally at P. An exterior common tangeni
touches the circles at A and B respectively and the common
tangent at P cuts AB at C. Prove that
(a) AC = BC,
(6) Cis the centre of the circumeitele of APB,
(©) LAPBis a right angle,
(a) XP's a tangent to the cireumcircle of “\ APB,
(©) if PXZ is a diameter, then ZA is parallel to PB,
(17 marks)
Pape 3
s
1 Cae th exact ve of ©1855 ang capes the anver
in the form #<10-", where B is a number between 1 and 10,
and mis an integer:
(marks)
2. A train is travelling at a uniform speed of 90 km/h. Calculate
the time, in seconds, it takes to travel 600 m.
marks)
3. £979 is to be divided into three parts in the proportions
1:4: 4 Calculate the value of the smallest part.
(4 marks)
46
1.
. Solve the simultaneous equations x — 23
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
Point D lies on diameter AB of a circle of radius 10 om. Given
that LCAB = 30° and LCDB = 90, calculate the lengths of
CB and CD.
(4 marks)
ay
(S marks)
. Given that sintx = 0-2652, find the value of the acute angle x,
correct to the nearest degree.
@ marks)
[Express asa single fraction in its lowest terms,
3 3
*e-i
(4 marks)
Construct a AABC in which AB= 12 em, AC =8 cm and
BC = 10cm,
On the same diagram construct « ABD, equal in area to
AABC, such that | ABD = 98°. Measure the length of BD,
giving your answer correct to the acarest mm.
(5 marks)
Section B
Prove that the internal bisector of an angle of a triangle divides
the opposite side in the ratio of the sides containing the angle.
ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1973 7
In the figure, the internal and external bisectors of the angle A
of AABC meet BC and BC produced at X and ¥ respectively.
Given that 4B = 8 cm, AC = 4 cm, and BC = 6 em, calculate
the lengths of BX and BY.
If, also, XP is drawn parallel to ¥4, and XQ is drawn parallel
to CA, meeting AB at P and Q respectively, prove that
BP=PQ= OA. (17 marks)
in a factory, x metal hooks and (x +4) plastic hooks are
produced every minute. Write down expressions for the times,
{in seconds, to produce one metal hook and one plastic hook
respectively.
If a metal hook takes 1 seconds longer to produce than a
plastic hook, form an equation in x and solve it.
Calculate the total number of hooks produced altogether in
8 minutes (07 marks)
11, The curve whose equation is y = 2x — x* intersects the x-axis
at the origin and again at P.
(a) Calculate the x coordinate of P.
() Sketch the graph of y= 2x —
(6) Calculate the coordinates of the point on the curve at which
the gradient equals 1.
(@) The area bounded by the curve and the x-axis is rotated
completely about the x-axis. Calculate the volume of the
solid of revolution generated, (17 marks)
18
jaa.
Mw
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS,
The figure shows a horizontal ring of radius 1 m suspended from
a point H by six wires, each of length 2 m, attached to points
A, B, C, D, E and F equally spaced around the ring.
Calculate
(a) the height, to the nearest em, of H above the plane of the ring,
(2) the angle which the wire HA makes with the vertical,
(0) the angle between the wires HA and HB,
(@) the angle which the plane AH3 makes with the plane of
the ring.
(17 marks)
Since a city typist moved to the coast, both the railway and the
bus fares for her journeys have increased. Each year for her rail
travel she buys three quarterly season tickets, one monthly season
ticket and two weekly season tickels.
‘The quarterly tickets have increased from £45-30 each to
£5300, the monthly tickets from £16-50 each to £19-70 and the
weekly tickets from £4-60 each to £5-40.
During each of the 45 weeks she travels, she takes ten bus
rides, each of which has increased from 9p to 12p. Calculate
(a) the original annual cost of her travel,
(6) the increase in annual cost,
(©) the increase in annual cost expressed as a percentage of the
original annual cost, correct to 3 significant figures.
(17 marks)
‘A model globe of the earth is constructed to a scale of
1:49 000 000. Taking the earth to be « sphere of radius 6 370 km,
calculate
(a) the radius, in cm, of the model,
() the shortest distance, in km, on the surface of the earth
between two towns if the corresponding distance between
them on the model is $ em,
(©) the distance, to the nearest mm, measured along the equator
‘on the model from the Greenwich meridian to a place which
lies on the equator and on the meridian 60°W.
If the distance measured on the model from the Greenwich
meridian eastwards along the parallel of latitude 30°N to a
town 4 is 22-6 em, calculate the longitude of town A, to the
nearest degree.
(
marks)
nN
3
2
ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1974 9
JANUARY 1974
Paper 2
Section A
|. Without using tables, evaluate
@st, OK
(9) Bie.
@ marks)
In AABC, AB—8 em, BC=5 cm and LABC= 60”.
Calculate the length of AC.
: (4 marks)
Solve the simultaneous equations
a ty=9 :
“pas.
(S marks)
Make K the subject of the formula d fi i
(4 marks)
. A regular pentagon inscribed in a circle has each of its five
. Use tables to evaluate
sides 20 om in length. Caleulate the radius of the circle.
(4 marks)
(A marks)
In APOR, PQ ~9 om, OR=10 cm and RP =6 em. The
interior bisector of ( QPR meets QR at Z. The point X on
QP produced is such that RX is parallel to ZP.
Calculate (a) the length of ZR,
ie value of the ratio PZ.
(©) the value of the ratio
(5 marks)
. The vertical height of a stone 1 seconds after being thrown
upwards is s metres, where s~ 407 — 5. Obtain a formula
for the upward velocity of the stone after # seconds, and hence
find the speed with which it was thrown,
marks)10 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
Section B
9,
A 200m ——_$> 5
ul N
a
6m.
R
The figure represents @ swimming pool with vertical. walls
and a plane rectangular sloping floor PORS. The water surface
ABCD ‘is a rectangle 20 m long and 12 m wide, and the depth
is 6 mat one end and Ii m at the other.
Calculate
(a) the volume of water in the pool,
(6) the angle at which the floor is inclined to the horizontal,
(©) the length, #0. of the floor.
It is proposed to cover the floor and the four vertical walls,
as shown in the figure, with water-proofing material at a cost
of 70p per m*. Caleuiate, to the nearest £, the cost of the
proposed work. (17 marks)
10. A borough council decides to increase the rates in the borough
by 3p in the pound. If the total rateable value of the borough
is £820,000, find the extra amount raised by the increase,
A. householder living in the borough finds that, as a result
of the increase, his rates 20 up from £11088 to £115:20,
Caleutate
(@ the rateable value of his house,
ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1974 u
(8) the number of pence in the pound at which the new rate
is charged,
(©) by what percentage, correct to two significant figures,
the original rate is increased,
(@) the total amount of rates ‘due from the whole borough
at the increased rate.
(17 marks)
11. Copy and compiete the given table of values of the function,
_ a
for the values of x indicated.
x 1] wy 27 3a pays
*
i 0-225 09 25
. - ~ 1-333 -08
y oa | | io”
Draw the graph of the function for values of x from 1 to 5,
using a scale of 2 em to 1 unit on each axis,
From your graph find
(@) the value of x for which the function is zero,
x4
(©) a root of the equation =~ — + 2=0.
By using your result from part (a), estimate the value of
the cube root of 40.000.
(17 marks)
12, Of the series, (i) 2~ 444
di) 2—$ 41-001
Git) 243-21)
one is an arithmetic progression (A.P.), one is @ geometric
progression (G.P.) and one is neither.
(@) State which is the A.P. and calculate its common difference.
(6) State which is the G.P. and calculate its common ratio.
(©) Calculate the sum of the first 20 ternts of the A.P.
(4) The 25th term of the G.P. is equal to 2 Find the value
of n12
13.
14,
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
(© If x is subtracted from each term of the series (ii), a G.P.
is formed. Write down, but do not solve, an equation for x.
(17 marks)
A circle is drawn through the vertices B and C of ABC
and cuts the sides 4B, AC at M, N respectively. Prove that
AANM and AABC are similar,
Given that M is the mid-point of AB, BC —5 cm,
LABC = 81° and | ACB = 69, calculate the lengths of
(@) AM, (®) AC, (c) MN. (17 marks)
—-__
PN is the vertical height of the restangular pyramid PABCD.
(Wis not the centre of the rectangle ABCD.)
Given that the perpendicular distances of the point V from
the sides 4, BC, CD, DA are a b, c,d respectively, prove that
(@) ANS + NC = a + Bt ob,
(8) AN? | NC = BN" 4 ND*
(©) Pat = PC PB PDS,
Of the four sloping edges of the pyramid, the lengths of
the shortest three are 9 em, 10 cm and Il cm, Calculate, to
the nearest mm, the length of the longest sloping edge,
(17 marks)
‘ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1974 13
Paper 3
Section A
By selling a chair for £10-35 a shopkeeper makes a profit of
15% on the cost price: Calculate his profit,
(@ marks)
. Factorise completely
(a) 27 — 3x
(8) 3 4 2x — 8x
z (4 marks)
a
Solve the equation 5x* — 2x
to two decimal places,
= 0, giving the roots correct
(4 marks)
The acute angled A ABC has area 8 m*. If AB = 4 em and
AC = 5 cm, calculate the size of | BAC.
(4 marks)
POR is a triangle right-angled at P. It PN isthe perpendicular
from P on to OR, prove that PN*—= ONAN. PP
4 marks)
Ruler and compasses only may be wsed in this question
Draw a circle with centre O and radius 5 em, Mark’ point
P distant 8 cm from 0, and construct the chord 4 which joins
the points of contact of the two tangents from P to the circle,
Measure the length of 48, giving your answer correct to the
nearest mm.
(5 marks)
If a, 6, ¢ are three quantities such that a : 6 4 and
bf c—5 : 6, calculate, in its lowest terms, the ratio @ 1c
G marks)4
10,
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
P
In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, AB is a diameter,
LABQ = 28° and AQ is parallel to PO.
Calculate | AOP and L AQP. (4 marks)
Se
B
. In ABC, AB — 13 m, BC ~ 20 m, CA = 21 mand N is the
foot of the perpendicular from B to’ AC.
Calculate
(2) cos ACB as a fraction in its lovest terms,
(6) the length of Bw.
D is the point in the plane of the triangle, on the opposite
side of AC from B, such that / BCD — 90° and CD —*3s m
(6) Caleulate the perpendicular distance of D from the line AC,
(a) Show by calevlation that the aren of the quadtilateral
ABCD is 336 m*.
(© Hence caiculate the area of ABD. (17 marks)
A graphical solution to this questor will not be accepted.
‘A man left an inn ¥ and walked at a steady speed of 4 mile/h
along a road to a station ¥. A cyst left the inn half an hour
afier the man, and travelling at 12 mile/h reached the station
40 minutes before the man,
‘ORDINARY LEVEL? JANUARY 1974 15
Calculate the distance along the road from X to Y.
If the eyclist overtook the man at point Z on the road at
10.a.m., calculate
(@) the time at which the man left the inn,
(6) the distance XZ.
(17 marks)
1, Prove that parallelograms on the same base and between the
same parallels are equal in area.
ABCD is a parallelogram. M and N are the mid-points of the
sides CD and CB respectively.
AM and BC are produced to meet at X.
AN and DC are produced to meet at ¥.
Prove that
(@) AADM and AXCM are congruent,
(6) ACND is a parallelogram,
(0) area of ABCD = area of ABYXD.
(17 marks)
12. An iron roller is in the form of a hollow cylinder of external
diameter 70 cm and length 90 cm. Calculate, to the nearest
whole number, the number of revolutions made by the roller
when it is rolled 200 metres along a straight horizontal road.
‘The hollow space inside the roller is a cylinder of diameter
60 cm and length 85 cm. Given that | em? of iron weighs
7-28 grammes, calculate the weight of the roller correct to the
nearest kilogramme.
A second iron roller, having the same weight as the first is in
the form of a solid cylinder of length 80 em. Calculate its
diameter, giving your answer correct to three significant figures,
(17 marks)
13, Assuming the earth to be a sphere of radius 6 370 km, calculate
(@) the radius in km of the parallel of latitude passing through
Paris (49°N, 2°E) and Vancouver (49°N, 123°W),
(®) the length in km of the journey from Paris to Vancouver,
travelling due west.
(6) the shortest distance in nautical miles on the earth's surface
from Paris to the north pole,
(a) the latitude and longitude of a point, 1 500 nautical miles
from the north pole, which is equidistant from Paris and
Vancouver.
(17 marks)16 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
4,
5
| 7 P
B
a
~o| x
‘The figure shows part of the graph cf
=143s—8
a 3
cutting the axes Ox and Oy at A and B respectively. PQ is a
tangent to the graph at the point H and QAPO is a rectangle.
Caleulate
(a) the coordinates of the points 4, B and H,
(8) the gradient of the straight line joining B to P,
(6) the atea OAHB bounded by the curve and the axes Ox, Oy.
(17 marks)
JUNE 1974
Paper 2
Section A
43, 66
1, Find the exact value of 555 ++ (Pax on
ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 7
2, Solve the equation } (x — 2)—4(@ +3) = 1.
: (4 marks)
‘The diameter AOB of the circle ABC is produced to meet the
tangent CD at the point D. Given that | ADC = 36°, calculate
LDAC.
(4 marks)
4. A man left 2 of his money to his wife and half the remainder
to his son. The rest was divided equally amongst his five
daughters. Find what fraction of the money each daughter
received.
(4 marks)
5. simpy £48
G marks)
6. Given that y is inversely proportional to 3%, and y =9 when
X= 2, calcilate the value of » when x = 3.
(4 marks)
7. Solve the equation 4x*— 9x —
correct to two decimal places,
0, giving your answers
(4 marks)18 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
B
is the centre of a circle of radius 6 cm, The tangents at the
points A and B on the circle meet at T and { AOB = 144°
Calculate the length of (a) the chord 4B,
©) oF. (6 marks)
Section B
9. A triangle has a perimeter of 19 em, and its shortest side is
4 cm, Calculate the lengths of the remaining two sides of this
triangle in each of the following cases:
(a) the triangle is isosceles;
(®) the triangle is similar to ancther triangle in which the
longest two sides are 3 em and 5 cm;
(c) the lengths of the sides of the triangle are in arithmetic
progression;
(@) the lengths’ of the sides of the triangle are in geometric
progression.
(17 marks)
10, Calculate the coordinates of the points on the graph of
y= 12x — at which the tangents are parallel to the x-axis,
(@) Sketch the graph of y = 12x
(®) Calculate the area bounded by the curve, the x-axis and
the ordinates x= 1 and x — 3.
(17 marks)
11. A company which produces paving slabs uses 1 tonne of
granite to produce 18 paving slabs. The costs of the company
in 1972 were divided between cost of granite, cost of labour
12.
1B.
“
ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 9
and costs of overheads in the proportion 7:5 :2. In that
year 5000 tonnes of granite were bought at £3-50 per tonne,
and the paving slabs produced were sold at 42p each. Calculate
the company’s total costs for 1972and the percentage profit made.
In 1973 the company bought the same quantity of granite.
The labour costs rose by 40%, but the other costs remained
unchanged. Calculate the selling price of each paving slab if
the percentage profit made by the company ‘remained. the
same in 1973.as in 1972. (07 marks)
P and @ are two points on the same parallel of latitude
66° 25' S, whose longitudes differ by 120°.
Assuming the Earth to be a sphere with centre © and radius
6370 km, calculate in kilometres
(a) the radius of the parallel of latitude,
() the distance of P from Q measured along the parallel of
latitude,
By calculating the length of the straight line PQ, show that
LPOQ is about 404°. Using this value of 1 POO calculate
the shortest distance in nautical miles between P- and. O
‘measured on the surface of the Earth, (17 marks)
Draw a straight line 4B of length 8 cm. Construct an arc of
a circle at all points of which the line AB subtends an angle
of 40",
Without further use of set-square or protractor construct
on AB a pentagon ABCDE such that C, D and E lie on this
are, BC = 3-5 cm, DA = DC and E is equidistant from AC
and CD,
Find, by measurement, the length of the perimeter of the
pentagon, and give your answer to the nearest millimetre.
(17 marks)20
4,
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS,
A field is represented on a map by the quadrilateral ABCD
in which 48 = 280 cm, AC = 1-60 em, AD=1-35 cm,
LBAC = 90° and {CAD = 30°. Calculate the length of
the diagonal BD on the map.
The scale of the map is such that the length of the side of
the field represented by AB is 420 metres,
Calculate
(@) the length in metres, of the diagonal of the field
represented by BD,
(®) the area, in square metres, of the field,
(©) the length, in metres, of the side of a square field of equal
area,
(27 marks)
Paper 3
Section A.
By, selling an article for £18 a shopkeeper makes a profit of
44% on the cost price, At what prive must it be sold in order
to make a profit of 40°,
(4 marks)
. The expression 2x? — 3x*— Ix + C has (x — 2) as one of its
factors. Calculate the value of C.
G marks)
On a train journey of 117 kilometres the average speed for
the first 27 kilometres is 45 kni/h, and for the rest of the journey
the average speed is 37-5 km/h. Calculate the uniform speed
at which the train would have fo travel in order to cover the
whole distance in the same time.
’ (4 marks)
Given that 1 cm? of brass weighs 8-45 grammes, calculate the
weight of a solid cylinder of brass whose radius is 1-3 em and.
‘whose length is 9:0 cm,
(Take as 3-142 and give your answer correct to three
significant figures.]
(4 marks)
5. Make x the subject of the formula
(4 marks)
ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 2
6. Calculate the gradient of the straight line joining the points
(525. 15) and 40, 2°), giving your answer as a Traction
in its lowest terms,
GB marks)
(S marks)
The diagram shows the circular cross-section of a proposed
channel tunnel. The total width of the horizontal road AB is
6 metres, and the maximum height CD of the tunel is 7-5 metres,
Caleulate the internal radius of the cross-section.
G marks)
Section B .
9. ABCD is a rectangle in which 4B = 8 cm and AD ~7 em,
Points P,Q, RS are taken on the sides AB, BC, CD, Di
respectively So that AP = CR = xm and BQ — DS— yom
Prove that the area of the quadrilateral PORS is
(56 — Te — 8) ++ 239) em
If the area of PORS is 26 em? and y
possible values of x,
Show, by calculation, that for the larger value of x the
angle SPQ is a right angle,
alculate the two
(17 marks)MATHEMATICS
22 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION:
10. Two ships X and Y leave a port P at 1200 hours. Ship ¥ sails
at 18 knots on a bearing 040°, and ship ¥ sails at 20 knots on
a constant bearing so that ¥ is always due South of x.
Calculate (a) the bearing on which ship Y is sailing,
(8) the distance between the ships at 1400 hours.
At 1400 hours ¥ and Y are 70 nautical miles and $0 nautical
miles respectively from a lighthouse L which is East of the
line XY. Calculate the bearing of Z from the ship Y.
(7 marks)
IL. A particle P starts from a point O and moves along a straight
ine so that its velocity, v metres per second, after time F seconds,
is given by y= 31" — 61 +5.
Calculate
(a) the velocity with which the particle P leaves the point O,
(®) the time taken for the velocity of P to reach $0 m/s,
{othe minimum velocity of P,
(d) the acceleration of P when its velocity is 50 m/s,
(c) the length of OP when 1 = 10.
(17 marks)
12, Prove that the acute angle between a tangent to a circle and @
chord drawn through the point of contact is equal to the angle
in the alternate seement,
c ~D
In the figure, 4D is a tangent to the circle ABC and AC is
1 tangent to the circle ABD.
Prove that (a) AABC and A DBA are similar,
(6) AB = BC.BD.
If the tangents at C and D meet at T and L CTD = 120%,
calculate [: CAD. (17 marks)
ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 2B
13, A rectangular box without a lid has a square base of side
x em, Given that its total internal surface area is 40 em", show
that its volume, y cm®, is given by the formula
yo Go— x),
Draw the graph of y = 4x (40 — x#) for values of x from 0 to 6,
taking 2 em as oné unit on the x-axis, and 2 om as 3 unis on
the y-axis,
‘Use your graph to find
(2) the volume of the box when x = 4-75,
(4) the range of values of x for which the volume is ‘greater
than 15 em’,
(c) the maximum volume of the box,
(@) the value of x which gives this maximum volume,
(17 marks)
14,24 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
In the diagram, ABCDEF is a regular hexagon of side 7-0 em,
and the triangles are all isosceles, each having its equal sides
8-0.0m long.
Calculate (a) LPBQ,
(0) PQ.
A piece of paper is cut to the shape of the diagram. It is
then folded along the edges of the hexagon to form a right
pyramid with ABCDEF as base, and with the six points
P,Q, R, S,T and U coming together at the vertex. Denoting
this vertex by V, calculate
(©) the height of the pyramid,
(@) the angle between the face VBC and the base ABCDEF.
(17 marks)
JANUARY 1975
Paper 2
Section A.
1, Ina sale, the price of a bed, after being reduced by 17%, is
£49°80. Calculate the price before the reduction.
@ marks)
27:34
2 Use tables to evaluate (SEEe
the form A 10", where A is a aumber between 1 and 10,
and 1 is a whole number,
Y’, ating your anrer i
(4 marks)
3. Solve the equation 3x* — 4x — 2 = 0, giving the roots correct
to two decimal places,
marks)
4 Without using tables, evaluate
@ (8). @voom, ors.
(3 marks)
Li JANUARY 1975 25
yd
Sem
A pendulum 1 metre long swings in a vertical plane so that the
highest position of its tip is 6 em above the level of the lowest
position. Calculate the total angle through which the pendulum
‘swings. (4 marks)
6. PORS is a thombus in which {SPQ ~ 64°. Equilateral
{riangles PXO and QYR are drawn outside the’ rhombus on
the sides PQ and OR. Calculate the angles of AQYY.
& marks)
7. Find the values of x and y which satisfy the simultaneous
equations
Bx — 3y = 30,
k+ty= 5 (4 marks)
6 c
a
A >26
10,
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
ABCD is a cyclic quadtilatera, AD is a diameter of the
Girele, 4B = BC and | BCA = 7?
Calculate LCDA and CAD.
stelate ‘ (5 marks)
Section B
A motorist makes a journey of 135 km at an average speed
of x km/h. Write down an expresson for the number of hours
taken for the journey.
Owing to road repairs, on a certain day his average speed
for the same joureny is reduced ty 15 km/h. Write down an
expression for the number of hours take on that day.
If the second journey takes 45 minutes longer than the first,
form an equation in x and solve it, Hence find his average
-d for each journey.
i a (17 marks)
‘The diagram shows a reservoir for water storage. The ends
ABCD and PORS are identical vertical trapezia, and the
sloping sides APSD and BORC are rectangles, The base of
the reservoir is a horizontal rectangle DSRC in which
CR = 200 m and DC = 50 m, When the reservoir is full,
the surface of the water is a rectangle APOB in which
AP— 200 m and PQ=75 m. The greatest depth of the
water is 10 m.
~
ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 oy
Calculate
(a) the area, in m*, of the vertical end ABCD,
(t) the volume, in'm, of water in the reservoir when fall,
The reservoir can be emptied in 35 hours through a pipe
whose internal cross-section is a circle of radius 26 em. Write
down an expression for the length of pipe which would have
the same volume as the reservoir. Hence calculate the speed,
inn m/s, of the water through the pipe when the reservoir is
being emptied, (17 marks)
Pl, 0).
B
IL. The curve y= Ax? + — passes through the px
4
At the point, the value of © is 6,
Calculate
(@) the values of A and B,
(6) the coordinates of the point of intersection of the curve
and the line x = — 4,
(©) the area bounded by the x-axis, the lines x= 1, x —3
and the portion of the curve intercepted between them,
(17 marks)
12, When a ball is thrown vertically upwards from a point O,
its height metres above after r seconds is given by the
formula h = 24r— 51,
Copy and complete the table of values of the function
haat se
1 jor 4 W[2| 2/3) ab [4 a ys
2a | 12 36 60 84 108 r
ae] ia Tia | Ferg 1014)
D vor | | aa | lam faa al
Draw the graph of this function for values of t from 0 to 5,
taking 2 cm to represent 1 second on the horizontal axis and
2m to represent 5m on the vertical axis,
From your graph estimate
(@) the greatest height above O reached by the ball,
(®) after what period of time the ball returns to O,
(0) the period of time for which the ball is more than 15 m
above 0.
Draw the tangent to the graph at the point where
estimate the speed of the ball at this instant,
= 2. Hence
(17 marks)GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
Part of the framework of a tent consists of two vertical poles
AB, CD cach of length 1-80 m, connected by a horizontal
pole BC of length 2:20 m. The framework is held in position
by four equal ropes BP, BS, CO, CR with their lower ends
forming a rectangle PORS on the same horizontal plane as
A and D.
Given that PQ = 3-00 m and OR ~ 1-60 m, calculate
(a) the length of one of the equal distances AP, AS, DO. DR,
(}) the inclination of each of the ropes to the horizontal,
(c) the length of each rope,
(@) the angle between the plane PBCQ and the horizontal,
(17 marks)
A plane flies ditect from a point ¥ (43°N, 30°W) to a point
¥ (32°N, 150°) by way of the Nort Pole.
(a) Calculate the distance XY in nautical miles.
(#) Neglecting the height of the plane, find the time taken
for the journey if its average speed is 420 knots,
A second plane fies from X to. ¥, travelling due East from
along the parallel of latitude 43°N to a point Z(43°N, 150°E)
and then due South to Y. Taking the radius of the Earth to
be 6370 km and neglecting the height of the plane, calculate
the distance, in km, travelled by the second plane,
(17 marks)
ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 2»
Paper 3
Section A.
A man sells p articles at q pence each and r articles at s pence
each, What is the average selling price per article?
marks)
. Calculate the exact value of
328042
0806"
@ marks)
|. Make M the subject of the formula
Ta /
@ marks)
In ADEF. LD= 28, LF= 51 and EF=329 em.
Calculate the length of DF.
(4 marks)
When a car is travelling at 66 km/h, the wheels are rotating
at a rate of 625 revolutions per minute. Calculate the radius
of « wheel, giving your answer in centimetres.
2
ake » as 22
(Take x as 22)
(marks)
A. polygon of n sides is known to have 4n (n — 3) diagonals
Find the number of sides of a polygon with 14 diagonals
(4 marks)
The area of APOR is 18-36 cm’, PQ=OR and LPOR
= 61° 27", Calculate the length of PQ.
(S marks)
} Construct the rectangle ABCD in which AB= 6:2 em and
4-6 em,
Without calculation and using ruler and compasses only,
construct a square equal in area to the rectangle ABCD.
Measure the Iength of a diagonal of this square.
(5 marks)30
9.
10,
GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS
Section B
©
The diagram represents two circks, centres P and Q, of radii
45 cm and 10 em respectively. The distance PQ is’ 125 cm.
AB and CD are direct common tangents,
Calculate
(a) the length of 4B,
(b) the angle of APO,
(©) the length of the major are AEC,
(@) the area of the sector APCF.
(17 marks)
u.
2
ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 31
ABCDis.a cyclic quadrilateral, inscribed in a circle with centre O,
Given that 48=8 cm, AD=7 cm, BD 13 cm and
CD = 10cm, calculate
(a) each of the angles BAD, BCD and CBD,
(6) the area of ABD,
(©) the radius of the cizee,
(17 marks)
(@ The first term of an arithmetic progression is 3 and its
common difference is x. Write down expressions for the
second and third terms.
(®) The first term of a geometric progression is 1 and its
common ratio is also x, Write down expressions for the
second and third terms of this progression.
(©) It is given that the sums of the first three terms of the
‘two progressions are equal. Form an equation in x and
solve it to obtain two possible values of x.
(@) For the larger value of x, calculate the sum of the first
40 terms of the arithmetic progression,
(© For the smaller value of x, calculate the sum of the first
3 terms of the geometric progression.
(17 marks)
‘A wine merchant buys sherry in Spain at a cost of 10230
esetas for 100 litres. Taking one litre to be 1-76 pints and the
rate of exchange to be 155 pesetas to £1, calculate the cost
in pence of one pint of sherry.
The sherry is now shipped to England and bottled. A bottle
holds one-sixth of a gallon, and the expenses of shipping and
bottling amount to 6 pence per bottle, Calculate the total cost
of a bottle of sherry in England,
If the merchant sells the sherry so as to make a profit of 32%
of his total cost, calculate the selling price of 100 bottles of
sherry,
In the following year the merchant’s costs remain the same,
but, in order to include a tax of 10 pence per bottle payable
to the Government, he raises his selling price to 87 pence per
bottle. Calculate his new profit per bottle. Express this asa
percentage of the total cost per bottle.
(17 marks)32. GENERAL CERIFICATE OF EDUCATION
MATHEMATICS
13. Prove that the angle at the centre of a circle is twice any angle
at the circumference standing on the same arc.
(Only one diagram need be drawn.)
Q
In the diagram, two unequal circles intersect at A and B.
The centre O of one circle lies on the circumference of the
other. The straight line APQ cuts the circles at P and Q.
Prove that
(@) LAQB
() PO = PB.
If BP is produced to cut the circle with centre O at R, prove
that AR is parallel to BQ.
LAPB,
(17 marks)
Ty
ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 33
Two straight lines OA and OB meet at right angles at 0. Two
particles are projected from O at the same time. One particle
travels along OA so that its distance, x metres, from O after
1 seconds is given by x = St + 21%. The second particle travels
along OB so that its distance, y metres, from O after t seconds
is given by y= 4
(@ Write down expressions for the speeds of each of the two
particles after 1 seconds,
(6) Calculate a positive value of for which the speeds are equal
(©) Calculate the distances of the two particles from O at the
instant given by this value off
(@ Calculate the distance between the particles at this instant.
(©) Write down expressions for the accelerations of the two
particles after ¢ seconds, and hence find the value of ¢ for
Which the accelerations are equal.
(17 marks)4 ANSWERS: JUNE 1973,
ANSWERS
JUNE 1973
Paper 2
1. £180
2-063 —237
3, £102.00
5.16%
6 @—3) Qx—DO=)
14
8. 2 em
9. (a) 2247 em (6) 174-6 em* (c) 3203 em*
10, (@) 563 (6) 0:90 to 4-43 (@) 1-75
Vil 5:39
A. (a) 211-Sem* (6) 102m (c) 7:79 em*
12, 71-5m 195m 8°30"
B.@3 9 OF 4
‘Paper 3
1, 5-7 10
2, 24 seconds
3. £178
4, 10cm, 866 em
5. (5, 2) or (—3, —2)
ANSWERS: JUNE 1973 AND JANUARY 1974
6.31
x= 3
“@FDG-h
8. 6-7em
9. 40m, em
10. 60x, 60/(x 4). x= 12or— 16. 224
IL @2 © Gi) @ 335
12, (a) 173 m_ (6) 30° (c) 28°58’ (d) 63° 26"
13, (a) £20270 (6) £40-80. (€) 20-1
14. (a) 13cm (6) 2450km (6) 13-6 em 15°
JANUARY 1974
Paper 2
L@6 @) —8 (1
27m
3. G, 8) or 4, 1)
Lia
oe e
5. 17-02 em
6.1027
7. (a) 4m (b) 8
8. 40 m/s
3536 ANSWERS: JANUARY 1974
9. (a) 900m? (6) 12°41" (©) 20-5 m_ £340
10. £24,600 (a) £144 (6) 80p (6) 39% (d) £656.000
M, (@) 342 (6) 174, 34-2
2 @
4 ®)W—4 (© —45 (@ —47
© Tax
2—n =T-e
13, (2) 4°668 em ($) 9877 em (c) 2363 em
14, 11-8.cm 2
Paper 3
1 £135
2. @3B+9G-x9 (G40 +29
3. 1°56 oF 116
4, 53°8"
6. 786m
ut
8.62, 31°
9. @# © 12m (20m (e) Sim
10. 7miles (a) 9-15 am (6) 3 miles
12,91, 772kg, 4I-Lem
13, (a) 4178 km _(6) 9114 km (c) 2260 n mile
(@) 65N_ 60° 30W
14. @ 3.0), OD. AP
OH }6
ANSWERS! JUNE 1974 a.
JUNE 1974
Paper 2
1.62
6
7. 245, — 0-20
8. (@ Ill om (B) 19-42 em
9. (a) 74 cm, Them (b) 54 em, 9 em
(©) 64 cm, 8§ cm (a) 6 em, 9. cm
10. (2, 16), (— 2,~ 16) (6) 28
II. £35000, 8%, 48p
12, (a). 2548 km (b) $337 km, 2430 nautical miles
13, 35-3 cm
14. BD = 3-666 em (a) 5499 m
(6) 62550 m= (c) 250+ m
Paper 3
1. £1750
218
3. 39 kmjh
4, 404 g38 ANSWERS: JANUARY 1974 AND JANUARY 1975
ee DOP
Se apy
Can
7. (= 7, ~ 0) and (24, 13)
8 4:35 em
9. x= Sor 6
10. (a) 144° 40" (5) 60-2 nautical miles 78° 16°
IL, (@) 5 m/s (0) Sseconds (c) 2-mjs (d) 24 m/s (e) 750m
12. () 80
13. (@) 20-7 (6) 1660 << 537 (0) 243 (Wd) 3-65
14, (@) III? SH (0) 13-26 em (c) 348T3.em (ed) 32°34"
JANUARY 1975
Paper 2
1. £60
2. 2877 « 10"
212, —049
414, 03, 125
5.304
6.126, 287, 28°
2a 2
8.58, 36
9. 60 kmjh, 45 kinjh
ANSWERS: JANUARY 1975 39
10, (a) 625 m* (6) 125.000 m*, 4°67 ms
1.2 1
C4, 30
12. (a) 288m (6) 485 (6) 0-748 to 4-065, 4 m/s
13, (@) 0-8944 m_(6)°63° 35° (6) 201 m (Ad) 66" 2"
14, (a) 6300 (6) 15 hours 15850 km
Paper 3
7. 6-465 em
8. 7-553 em
9 (a) 120m (b) 79°45’ (©) 166-9 em (d) 2607 em*
10, (a) 120°, 60°, 41° 46"
(h) 24-25 em*” (¢) 7-506 em
HW. @ 34x43 42% Ox e O4 ~2
(a) 3240 "(e) 11
12, 37Jp, S6p, £7392, 2Ip, 374%
14 (@) 5-543 +1 (6) 2 (2 18m, 10m
(a) 20:59 m (@) 4, 61,

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