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Pred by Edn Pres Lid Watfrd, Hos AsS00}3 100018751085. UNIVERSITY OF LONDON General Certificate of Education Examination Ordinary Level MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS D INstRuctIONS Paper 1 Multiple choice objective test. Papers obtainable separately. Paper 2 Answer ALL questions in Section A. In Section B, full marks may be obtained for answers to FOUR questions. If more than four questions aré attempted, only the best four answers will Be taken into account, TWO HOURS are allowed. All necessary working must be shown, Paper 3 As for paper 2. Take 7 as 3-142 when required. JUNE 1973 Paper 2 Section A 1. A cup costs 244p and a saucer costs 154p. How much change should be given from £5 after purchasing 8 cups and 8 saucers? (3 marks) 2. Solve the equation 2x* +. 6x + 3 = 0, giving the roots correct to two decimal places (4 marks) 3..A plot of land has an area of 8 km*, The owner sells 3 of it for farming and 4 of the remainder for building. Calculate the value of the part he keeps if it is worth £51 000 per km', (4 marks) 5 2 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS (a) (0) io] The diagrams show (a) an, equilateral triangle, (6) a regular pentagon, (c) a rhombus. Sketch the diagrams’ and show, by dotted lines, all the lines of symmetry in each case (& marks) 5. Calculate the value of when » = 64, pet vy (4 marks) 6, Factorise completely the expression 2x" — 9x" | 10y ~ 3 given that (x = 3) is one of the factors. (4 marks) 7. ‘The distance, s metres, from a given point, of a car after travelling for a time 1 seconds is given by the equation s= St 301 +2. Calculate the value of f when the speed Of the car is 10 metres per second. (4 marks) 8, Two similar polygons have areas of 160 cm? and 360 em* respectively. The shortest side of te larger polygon is 18 cm. Calculate the length of the shortest side of the smaller polygon, (4 marks) Section B 9.JLM is a chord of a Circle of radus 12:5 cm and centre O. aoGiven that L LOM = 128°, calculats (a) the length of the chord LM, (b) the area of the smaller sector of the circle cut off by the radii OL and OM, (0) the area of the quadrilateral LOMT, where T is the point of intersection of the tangents at 1. and M. (17 marks) ORDINARY LEVEL! JUNE 1973, 3 10. The following table gives the corresponding values of x and fort equatin y= 24 3 x fom tyes) a jas) spay sy Using scales of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the xwaxis and Jem to represent 1 unit on the y-axis, draw the graph of 2 +b 3y — 8 from x = 0-75 (0 x From your graph find (@) the value of y when x = 3:35, (b) the range of positive values of x for which y is less than & (©) the gradient of the graph at the point where w= Sho By drawing a suitable straight line to cut the graph, determine the values of x for which 12 4.2» — 13, = (17 marks) u. A solid metal eube, whose edges are each 6 em, has one corn removed, a8 shown-in the figure, where 4, Band Cn aa, points of edges of the cute 12, 13, 4 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS (a) Calculate the volume of metal in the remaining solid. (6) If the metal removed is recast into a solid sphere, calculate the radius of the sphere, correct to 3 significant figures. (©) Caleulate the area of the triangular face ABC, (17 marks) On a certain golf course, the distance from the tee T'to the hole 1 is 250m. A player drives his ball from T to a point 'S where 75 = 180 m and LSTH = 4", Calculate, correct to 0-1 m, the distance Si, ‘A second player drives his ball ftom T to @ point Q, such that LH70 = 7 and £TOH = ‘50°. Calculate, correct to Um, the distance TO, A third player drives his ball a distance of 200 m from T to a point P which is 60 m from #7. Calculate the angle PTH. (17 marks) A sequence of unequal numbers forms an arithmetic progression with first term 24. The first, fifth and seventh {terms of this arithmetic progression are also the first three ferms of a geometric progression. Calculate (@) the common difference of the arithmetic progression, (B) the sum of the first 12 terms of the arithmetic progression, () the common ratio of the geometric progression, (@) the value of the 6th term of the geometric progression. (17 marks) | ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1973 5 The figure shows two unequal circles, with centres X and Y, which ‘touch externally at P. An exterior common tangeni touches the circles at A and B respectively and the common tangent at P cuts AB at C. Prove that (a) AC = BC, (6) Cis the centre of the circumeitele of APB, (©) LAPBis a right angle, (a) XP's a tangent to the cireumcircle of “\ APB, (©) if PXZ is a diameter, then ZA is parallel to PB, (17 marks) Pape 3 s 1 Cae th exact ve of ©1855 ang capes the anver in the form #<10-", where B is a number between 1 and 10, and mis an integer: (marks) 2. A train is travelling at a uniform speed of 90 km/h. Calculate the time, in seconds, it takes to travel 600 m. marks) 3. £979 is to be divided into three parts in the proportions 1:4: 4 Calculate the value of the smallest part. (4 marks) 4 6 1. . Solve the simultaneous equations x — 23 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS Point D lies on diameter AB of a circle of radius 10 om. Given that LCAB = 30° and LCDB = 90, calculate the lengths of CB and CD. (4 marks) ay (S marks) . Given that sintx = 0-2652, find the value of the acute angle x, correct to the nearest degree. @ marks) [Express asa single fraction in its lowest terms, 3 3 *e-i (4 marks) Construct a AABC in which AB= 12 em, AC =8 cm and BC = 10cm, On the same diagram construct « ABD, equal in area to AABC, such that | ABD = 98°. Measure the length of BD, giving your answer correct to the acarest mm. (5 marks) Section B Prove that the internal bisector of an angle of a triangle divides the opposite side in the ratio of the sides containing the angle. ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1973 7 In the figure, the internal and external bisectors of the angle A of AABC meet BC and BC produced at X and ¥ respectively. Given that 4B = 8 cm, AC = 4 cm, and BC = 6 em, calculate the lengths of BX and BY. If, also, XP is drawn parallel to ¥4, and XQ is drawn parallel to CA, meeting AB at P and Q respectively, prove that BP=PQ= OA. (17 marks) in a factory, x metal hooks and (x +4) plastic hooks are produced every minute. Write down expressions for the times, {in seconds, to produce one metal hook and one plastic hook respectively. If a metal hook takes 1 seconds longer to produce than a plastic hook, form an equation in x and solve it. Calculate the total number of hooks produced altogether in 8 minutes (07 marks) 11, The curve whose equation is y = 2x — x* intersects the x-axis at the origin and again at P. (a) Calculate the x coordinate of P. () Sketch the graph of y= 2x — (6) Calculate the coordinates of the point on the curve at which the gradient equals 1. (@) The area bounded by the curve and the x-axis is rotated completely about the x-axis. Calculate the volume of the solid of revolution generated, (17 marks) 1 8 jaa. Mw GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS, The figure shows a horizontal ring of radius 1 m suspended from a point H by six wires, each of length 2 m, attached to points A, B, C, D, E and F equally spaced around the ring. Calculate (a) the height, to the nearest em, of H above the plane of the ring, (2) the angle which the wire HA makes with the vertical, (0) the angle between the wires HA and HB, (@) the angle which the plane AH3 makes with the plane of the ring. (17 marks) Since a city typist moved to the coast, both the railway and the bus fares for her journeys have increased. Each year for her rail travel she buys three quarterly season tickets, one monthly season ticket and two weekly season tickels. ‘The quarterly tickets have increased from £45-30 each to £5300, the monthly tickets from £16-50 each to £19-70 and the weekly tickets from £4-60 each to £5-40. During each of the 45 weeks she travels, she takes ten bus rides, each of which has increased from 9p to 12p. Calculate (a) the original annual cost of her travel, (6) the increase in annual cost, (©) the increase in annual cost expressed as a percentage of the original annual cost, correct to 3 significant figures. (17 marks) ‘A model globe of the earth is constructed to a scale of 1:49 000 000. Taking the earth to be « sphere of radius 6 370 km, calculate (a) the radius, in cm, of the model, () the shortest distance, in km, on the surface of the earth between two towns if the corresponding distance between them on the model is $ em, (©) the distance, to the nearest mm, measured along the equator ‘on the model from the Greenwich meridian to a place which lies on the equator and on the meridian 60°W. If the distance measured on the model from the Greenwich meridian eastwards along the parallel of latitude 30°N to a town 4 is 22-6 em, calculate the longitude of town A, to the nearest degree. ( marks) nN 3 2 ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1974 9 JANUARY 1974 Paper 2 Section A |. Without using tables, evaluate @st, OK (9) Bie. @ marks) In AABC, AB—8 em, BC=5 cm and LABC= 60”. Calculate the length of AC. : (4 marks) Solve the simultaneous equations a ty=9 : “pas. (S marks) Make K the subject of the formula d fi i (4 marks) . A regular pentagon inscribed in a circle has each of its five . Use tables to evaluate sides 20 om in length. Caleulate the radius of the circle. (4 marks) (A marks) In APOR, PQ ~9 om, OR=10 cm and RP =6 em. The interior bisector of ( QPR meets QR at Z. The point X on QP produced is such that RX is parallel to ZP. Calculate (a) the length of ZR, ie value of the ratio PZ. (©) the value of the ratio (5 marks) . The vertical height of a stone 1 seconds after being thrown upwards is s metres, where s~ 407 — 5. Obtain a formula for the upward velocity of the stone after # seconds, and hence find the speed with which it was thrown, marks) 10 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS Section B 9, A 200m ——_$> 5 ul N a 6m. R The figure represents @ swimming pool with vertical. walls and a plane rectangular sloping floor PORS. The water surface ABCD ‘is a rectangle 20 m long and 12 m wide, and the depth is 6 mat one end and Ii m at the other. Calculate (a) the volume of water in the pool, (6) the angle at which the floor is inclined to the horizontal, (©) the length, #0. of the floor. It is proposed to cover the floor and the four vertical walls, as shown in the figure, with water-proofing material at a cost of 70p per m*. Caleuiate, to the nearest £, the cost of the proposed work. (17 marks) 10. A borough council decides to increase the rates in the borough by 3p in the pound. If the total rateable value of the borough is £820,000, find the extra amount raised by the increase, A. householder living in the borough finds that, as a result of the increase, his rates 20 up from £11088 to £115:20, Caleutate (@ the rateable value of his house, ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1974 u (8) the number of pence in the pound at which the new rate is charged, (©) by what percentage, correct to two significant figures, the original rate is increased, (@) the total amount of rates ‘due from the whole borough at the increased rate. (17 marks) 11. Copy and compiete the given table of values of the function, _ a for the values of x indicated. x 1] wy 27 3a pays * i 0-225 09 25 . - ~ 1-333 -08 y oa | | io” Draw the graph of the function for values of x from 1 to 5, using a scale of 2 em to 1 unit on each axis, From your graph find (@) the value of x for which the function is zero, x4 (©) a root of the equation =~ — + 2=0. By using your result from part (a), estimate the value of the cube root of 40.000. (17 marks) 12, Of the series, (i) 2~ 444 di) 2—$ 41-001 Git) 243-21) one is an arithmetic progression (A.P.), one is @ geometric progression (G.P.) and one is neither. (@) State which is the A.P. and calculate its common difference. (6) State which is the G.P. and calculate its common ratio. (©) Calculate the sum of the first 20 ternts of the A.P. (4) The 25th term of the G.P. is equal to 2 Find the value of n 12 13. 14, GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS (© If x is subtracted from each term of the series (ii), a G.P. is formed. Write down, but do not solve, an equation for x. (17 marks) A circle is drawn through the vertices B and C of ABC and cuts the sides 4B, AC at M, N respectively. Prove that AANM and AABC are similar, Given that M is the mid-point of AB, BC —5 cm, LABC = 81° and | ACB = 69, calculate the lengths of (@) AM, (®) AC, (c) MN. (17 marks) —-__ PN is the vertical height of the restangular pyramid PABCD. (Wis not the centre of the rectangle ABCD.) Given that the perpendicular distances of the point V from the sides 4, BC, CD, DA are a b, c,d respectively, prove that (@) ANS + NC = a + Bt ob, (8) AN? | NC = BN" 4 ND* (©) Pat = PC PB PDS, Of the four sloping edges of the pyramid, the lengths of the shortest three are 9 em, 10 cm and Il cm, Calculate, to the nearest mm, the length of the longest sloping edge, (17 marks) ‘ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1974 13 Paper 3 Section A By selling a chair for £10-35 a shopkeeper makes a profit of 15% on the cost price: Calculate his profit, (@ marks) . Factorise completely (a) 27 — 3x (8) 3 4 2x — 8x z (4 marks) a Solve the equation 5x* — 2x to two decimal places, = 0, giving the roots correct (4 marks) The acute angled A ABC has area 8 m*. If AB = 4 em and AC = 5 cm, calculate the size of | BAC. (4 marks) POR is a triangle right-angled at P. It PN isthe perpendicular from P on to OR, prove that PN*—= ONAN. PP 4 marks) Ruler and compasses only may be wsed in this question Draw a circle with centre O and radius 5 em, Mark’ point P distant 8 cm from 0, and construct the chord 4 which joins the points of contact of the two tangents from P to the circle, Measure the length of 48, giving your answer correct to the nearest mm. (5 marks) If a, 6, ¢ are three quantities such that a : 6 4 and bf c—5 : 6, calculate, in its lowest terms, the ratio @ 1c G marks) 4 10, GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS P In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, AB is a diameter, LABQ = 28° and AQ is parallel to PO. Calculate | AOP and L AQP. (4 marks) Se B . In ABC, AB — 13 m, BC ~ 20 m, CA = 21 mand N is the foot of the perpendicular from B to’ AC. Calculate (2) cos ACB as a fraction in its lovest terms, (6) the length of Bw. D is the point in the plane of the triangle, on the opposite side of AC from B, such that / BCD — 90° and CD —*3s m (6) Caleulate the perpendicular distance of D from the line AC, (a) Show by calevlation that the aren of the quadtilateral ABCD is 336 m*. (© Hence caiculate the area of ABD. (17 marks) A graphical solution to this questor will not be accepted. ‘A man left an inn ¥ and walked at a steady speed of 4 mile/h along a road to a station ¥. A cyst left the inn half an hour afier the man, and travelling at 12 mile/h reached the station 40 minutes before the man, ‘ORDINARY LEVEL? JANUARY 1974 15 Calculate the distance along the road from X to Y. If the eyclist overtook the man at point Z on the road at 10.a.m., calculate (@) the time at which the man left the inn, (6) the distance XZ. (17 marks) 1, Prove that parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area. ABCD is a parallelogram. M and N are the mid-points of the sides CD and CB respectively. AM and BC are produced to meet at X. AN and DC are produced to meet at ¥. Prove that (@) AADM and AXCM are congruent, (6) ACND is a parallelogram, (0) area of ABCD = area of ABYXD. (17 marks) 12. An iron roller is in the form of a hollow cylinder of external diameter 70 cm and length 90 cm. Calculate, to the nearest whole number, the number of revolutions made by the roller when it is rolled 200 metres along a straight horizontal road. ‘The hollow space inside the roller is a cylinder of diameter 60 cm and length 85 cm. Given that | em? of iron weighs 7-28 grammes, calculate the weight of the roller correct to the nearest kilogramme. A second iron roller, having the same weight as the first is in the form of a solid cylinder of length 80 em. Calculate its diameter, giving your answer correct to three significant figures, (17 marks) 13, Assuming the earth to be a sphere of radius 6 370 km, calculate (@) the radius in km of the parallel of latitude passing through Paris (49°N, 2°E) and Vancouver (49°N, 123°W), (®) the length in km of the journey from Paris to Vancouver, travelling due west. (6) the shortest distance in nautical miles on the earth's surface from Paris to the north pole, (a) the latitude and longitude of a point, 1 500 nautical miles from the north pole, which is equidistant from Paris and Vancouver. (17 marks) 16 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS 4, 5 | 7 P B a ~o| x ‘The figure shows part of the graph cf =143s—8 a 3 cutting the axes Ox and Oy at A and B respectively. PQ is a tangent to the graph at the point H and QAPO is a rectangle. Caleulate (a) the coordinates of the points 4, B and H, (8) the gradient of the straight line joining B to P, (6) the atea OAHB bounded by the curve and the axes Ox, Oy. (17 marks) JUNE 1974 Paper 2 Section A 43, 66 1, Find the exact value of 555 ++ (Pax on ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 7 2, Solve the equation } (x — 2)—4(@ +3) = 1. : (4 marks) ‘The diameter AOB of the circle ABC is produced to meet the tangent CD at the point D. Given that | ADC = 36°, calculate LDAC. (4 marks) 4. A man left 2 of his money to his wife and half the remainder to his son. The rest was divided equally amongst his five daughters. Find what fraction of the money each daughter received. (4 marks) 5. simpy £48 G marks) 6. Given that y is inversely proportional to 3%, and y =9 when X= 2, calcilate the value of » when x = 3. (4 marks) 7. Solve the equation 4x*— 9x — correct to two decimal places, 0, giving your answers (4 marks) 18 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS B is the centre of a circle of radius 6 cm, The tangents at the points A and B on the circle meet at T and { AOB = 144° Calculate the length of (a) the chord 4B, ©) oF. (6 marks) Section B 9. A triangle has a perimeter of 19 em, and its shortest side is 4 cm, Calculate the lengths of the remaining two sides of this triangle in each of the following cases: (a) the triangle is isosceles; (®) the triangle is similar to ancther triangle in which the longest two sides are 3 em and 5 cm; (c) the lengths of the sides of the triangle are in arithmetic progression; (@) the lengths’ of the sides of the triangle are in geometric progression. (17 marks) 10, Calculate the coordinates of the points on the graph of y= 12x — at which the tangents are parallel to the x-axis, (@) Sketch the graph of y = 12x (®) Calculate the area bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the ordinates x= 1 and x — 3. (17 marks) 11. A company which produces paving slabs uses 1 tonne of granite to produce 18 paving slabs. The costs of the company in 1972 were divided between cost of granite, cost of labour 12. 1B. “ ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 9 and costs of overheads in the proportion 7:5 :2. In that year 5000 tonnes of granite were bought at £3-50 per tonne, and the paving slabs produced were sold at 42p each. Calculate the company’s total costs for 1972and the percentage profit made. In 1973 the company bought the same quantity of granite. The labour costs rose by 40%, but the other costs remained unchanged. Calculate the selling price of each paving slab if the percentage profit made by the company ‘remained. the same in 1973.as in 1972. (07 marks) P and @ are two points on the same parallel of latitude 66° 25' S, whose longitudes differ by 120°. Assuming the Earth to be a sphere with centre © and radius 6370 km, calculate in kilometres (a) the radius of the parallel of latitude, () the distance of P from Q measured along the parallel of latitude, By calculating the length of the straight line PQ, show that LPOQ is about 404°. Using this value of 1 POO calculate the shortest distance in nautical miles between P- and. O ‘measured on the surface of the Earth, (17 marks) Draw a straight line 4B of length 8 cm. Construct an arc of a circle at all points of which the line AB subtends an angle of 40", Without further use of set-square or protractor construct on AB a pentagon ABCDE such that C, D and E lie on this are, BC = 3-5 cm, DA = DC and E is equidistant from AC and CD, Find, by measurement, the length of the perimeter of the pentagon, and give your answer to the nearest millimetre. (17 marks) 20 4, GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS, A field is represented on a map by the quadrilateral ABCD in which 48 = 280 cm, AC = 1-60 em, AD=1-35 cm, LBAC = 90° and {CAD = 30°. Calculate the length of the diagonal BD on the map. The scale of the map is such that the length of the side of the field represented by AB is 420 metres, Calculate (@) the length in metres, of the diagonal of the field represented by BD, (®) the area, in square metres, of the field, (©) the length, in metres, of the side of a square field of equal area, (27 marks) Paper 3 Section A. By, selling an article for £18 a shopkeeper makes a profit of 44% on the cost price, At what prive must it be sold in order to make a profit of 40°, (4 marks) . The expression 2x? — 3x*— Ix + C has (x — 2) as one of its factors. Calculate the value of C. G marks) On a train journey of 117 kilometres the average speed for the first 27 kilometres is 45 kni/h, and for the rest of the journey the average speed is 37-5 km/h. Calculate the uniform speed at which the train would have fo travel in order to cover the whole distance in the same time. ’ (4 marks) Given that 1 cm? of brass weighs 8-45 grammes, calculate the weight of a solid cylinder of brass whose radius is 1-3 em and. ‘whose length is 9:0 cm, (Take as 3-142 and give your answer correct to three significant figures.] (4 marks) 5. Make x the subject of the formula (4 marks) ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 2 6. Calculate the gradient of the straight line joining the points (525. 15) and 40, 2°), giving your answer as a Traction in its lowest terms, GB marks) (S marks) The diagram shows the circular cross-section of a proposed channel tunnel. The total width of the horizontal road AB is 6 metres, and the maximum height CD of the tunel is 7-5 metres, Caleulate the internal radius of the cross-section. G marks) Section B . 9. ABCD is a rectangle in which 4B = 8 cm and AD ~7 em, Points P,Q, RS are taken on the sides AB, BC, CD, Di respectively So that AP = CR = xm and BQ — DS— yom Prove that the area of the quadrilateral PORS is (56 — Te — 8) ++ 239) em If the area of PORS is 26 em? and y possible values of x, Show, by calculation, that for the larger value of x the angle SPQ is a right angle, alculate the two (17 marks) MATHEMATICS 22 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: 10. Two ships X and Y leave a port P at 1200 hours. Ship ¥ sails at 18 knots on a bearing 040°, and ship ¥ sails at 20 knots on a constant bearing so that ¥ is always due South of x. Calculate (a) the bearing on which ship Y is sailing, (8) the distance between the ships at 1400 hours. At 1400 hours ¥ and Y are 70 nautical miles and $0 nautical miles respectively from a lighthouse L which is East of the line XY. Calculate the bearing of Z from the ship Y. (7 marks) IL. A particle P starts from a point O and moves along a straight ine so that its velocity, v metres per second, after time F seconds, is given by y= 31" — 61 +5. Calculate (a) the velocity with which the particle P leaves the point O, (®) the time taken for the velocity of P to reach $0 m/s, {othe minimum velocity of P, (d) the acceleration of P when its velocity is 50 m/s, (c) the length of OP when 1 = 10. (17 marks) 12, Prove that the acute angle between a tangent to a circle and @ chord drawn through the point of contact is equal to the angle in the alternate seement, c ~D In the figure, 4D is a tangent to the circle ABC and AC is 1 tangent to the circle ABD. Prove that (a) AABC and A DBA are similar, (6) AB = BC.BD. If the tangents at C and D meet at T and L CTD = 120%, calculate [: CAD. (17 marks) ORDINARY LEVEL: JUNE 1974 2B 13, A rectangular box without a lid has a square base of side x em, Given that its total internal surface area is 40 em", show that its volume, y cm®, is given by the formula yo Go— x), Draw the graph of y = 4x (40 — x#) for values of x from 0 to 6, taking 2 em as oné unit on the x-axis, and 2 om as 3 unis on the y-axis, ‘Use your graph to find (2) the volume of the box when x = 4-75, (4) the range of values of x for which the volume is ‘greater than 15 em’, (c) the maximum volume of the box, (@) the value of x which gives this maximum volume, (17 marks) 14, 24 GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS In the diagram, ABCDEF is a regular hexagon of side 7-0 em, and the triangles are all isosceles, each having its equal sides 8-0.0m long. Calculate (a) LPBQ, (0) PQ. A piece of paper is cut to the shape of the diagram. It is then folded along the edges of the hexagon to form a right pyramid with ABCDEF as base, and with the six points P,Q, R, S,T and U coming together at the vertex. Denoting this vertex by V, calculate (©) the height of the pyramid, (@) the angle between the face VBC and the base ABCDEF. (17 marks) JANUARY 1975 Paper 2 Section A. 1, Ina sale, the price of a bed, after being reduced by 17%, is £49°80. Calculate the price before the reduction. @ marks) 27:34 2 Use tables to evaluate (SEEe the form A 10", where A is a aumber between 1 and 10, and 1 is a whole number, Y’, ating your anrer i (4 marks) 3. Solve the equation 3x* — 4x — 2 = 0, giving the roots correct to two decimal places, marks) 4 Without using tables, evaluate @ (8). @voom, ors. (3 marks) Li JANUARY 1975 25 yd Sem A pendulum 1 metre long swings in a vertical plane so that the highest position of its tip is 6 em above the level of the lowest position. Calculate the total angle through which the pendulum ‘swings. (4 marks) 6. PORS is a thombus in which {SPQ ~ 64°. Equilateral {riangles PXO and QYR are drawn outside the’ rhombus on the sides PQ and OR. Calculate the angles of AQYY. & marks) 7. Find the values of x and y which satisfy the simultaneous equations Bx — 3y = 30, k+ty= 5 (4 marks) 6 c a A > 26 10, GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS ABCD is a cyclic quadtilatera, AD is a diameter of the Girele, 4B = BC and | BCA = 7? Calculate LCDA and CAD. stelate ‘ (5 marks) Section B A motorist makes a journey of 135 km at an average speed of x km/h. Write down an expresson for the number of hours taken for the journey. Owing to road repairs, on a certain day his average speed for the same joureny is reduced ty 15 km/h. Write down an expression for the number of hours take on that day. If the second journey takes 45 minutes longer than the first, form an equation in x and solve it, Hence find his average -d for each journey. i a (17 marks) ‘The diagram shows a reservoir for water storage. The ends ABCD and PORS are identical vertical trapezia, and the sloping sides APSD and BORC are rectangles, The base of the reservoir is a horizontal rectangle DSRC in which CR = 200 m and DC = 50 m, When the reservoir is full, the surface of the water is a rectangle APOB in which AP— 200 m and PQ=75 m. The greatest depth of the water is 10 m. ~ ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 oy Calculate (a) the area, in m*, of the vertical end ABCD, (t) the volume, in'm, of water in the reservoir when fall, The reservoir can be emptied in 35 hours through a pipe whose internal cross-section is a circle of radius 26 em. Write down an expression for the length of pipe which would have the same volume as the reservoir. Hence calculate the speed, inn m/s, of the water through the pipe when the reservoir is being emptied, (17 marks) Pl, 0). B IL. The curve y= Ax? + — passes through the px 4 At the point, the value of © is 6, Calculate (@) the values of A and B, (6) the coordinates of the point of intersection of the curve and the line x = — 4, (©) the area bounded by the x-axis, the lines x= 1, x —3 and the portion of the curve intercepted between them, (17 marks) 12, When a ball is thrown vertically upwards from a point O, its height metres above after r seconds is given by the formula h = 24r— 51, Copy and complete the table of values of the function haat se 1 jor 4 W[2| 2/3) ab [4 a ys 2a | 12 36 60 84 108 r ae] ia Tia | Ferg 1014) D vor | | aa | lam faa al Draw the graph of this function for values of t from 0 to 5, taking 2 cm to represent 1 second on the horizontal axis and 2m to represent 5m on the vertical axis, From your graph estimate (@) the greatest height above O reached by the ball, (®) after what period of time the ball returns to O, (0) the period of time for which the ball is more than 15 m above 0. Draw the tangent to the graph at the point where estimate the speed of the ball at this instant, = 2. Hence (17 marks) GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS Part of the framework of a tent consists of two vertical poles AB, CD cach of length 1-80 m, connected by a horizontal pole BC of length 2:20 m. The framework is held in position by four equal ropes BP, BS, CO, CR with their lower ends forming a rectangle PORS on the same horizontal plane as A and D. Given that PQ = 3-00 m and OR ~ 1-60 m, calculate (a) the length of one of the equal distances AP, AS, DO. DR, (}) the inclination of each of the ropes to the horizontal, (c) the length of each rope, (@) the angle between the plane PBCQ and the horizontal, (17 marks) A plane flies ditect from a point ¥ (43°N, 30°W) to a point ¥ (32°N, 150°) by way of the Nort Pole. (a) Calculate the distance XY in nautical miles. (#) Neglecting the height of the plane, find the time taken for the journey if its average speed is 420 knots, A second plane fies from X to. ¥, travelling due East from along the parallel of latitude 43°N to a point Z(43°N, 150°E) and then due South to Y. Taking the radius of the Earth to be 6370 km and neglecting the height of the plane, calculate the distance, in km, travelled by the second plane, (17 marks) ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 2» Paper 3 Section A. A man sells p articles at q pence each and r articles at s pence each, What is the average selling price per article? marks) . Calculate the exact value of 328042 0806" @ marks) |. Make M the subject of the formula Ta / @ marks) In ADEF. LD= 28, LF= 51 and EF=329 em. Calculate the length of DF. (4 marks) When a car is travelling at 66 km/h, the wheels are rotating at a rate of 625 revolutions per minute. Calculate the radius of « wheel, giving your answer in centimetres. 2 ake » as 22 (Take x as 22) (marks) A. polygon of n sides is known to have 4n (n — 3) diagonals Find the number of sides of a polygon with 14 diagonals (4 marks) The area of APOR is 18-36 cm’, PQ=OR and LPOR = 61° 27", Calculate the length of PQ. (S marks) } Construct the rectangle ABCD in which AB= 6:2 em and 4-6 em, Without calculation and using ruler and compasses only, construct a square equal in area to the rectangle ABCD. Measure the Iength of a diagonal of this square. (5 marks) 30 9. 10, GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION: MATHEMATICS Section B © The diagram represents two circks, centres P and Q, of radii 45 cm and 10 em respectively. The distance PQ is’ 125 cm. AB and CD are direct common tangents, Calculate (a) the length of 4B, (b) the angle of APO, (©) the length of the major are AEC, (@) the area of the sector APCF. (17 marks) u. 2 ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 31 ABCDis.a cyclic quadrilateral, inscribed in a circle with centre O, Given that 48=8 cm, AD=7 cm, BD 13 cm and CD = 10cm, calculate (a) each of the angles BAD, BCD and CBD, (6) the area of ABD, (©) the radius of the cizee, (17 marks) (@ The first term of an arithmetic progression is 3 and its common difference is x. Write down expressions for the second and third terms. (®) The first term of a geometric progression is 1 and its common ratio is also x, Write down expressions for the second and third terms of this progression. (©) It is given that the sums of the first three terms of the ‘two progressions are equal. Form an equation in x and solve it to obtain two possible values of x. (@) For the larger value of x, calculate the sum of the first 40 terms of the arithmetic progression, (© For the smaller value of x, calculate the sum of the first 3 terms of the geometric progression. (17 marks) ‘A wine merchant buys sherry in Spain at a cost of 10230 esetas for 100 litres. Taking one litre to be 1-76 pints and the rate of exchange to be 155 pesetas to £1, calculate the cost in pence of one pint of sherry. The sherry is now shipped to England and bottled. A bottle holds one-sixth of a gallon, and the expenses of shipping and bottling amount to 6 pence per bottle, Calculate the total cost of a bottle of sherry in England, If the merchant sells the sherry so as to make a profit of 32% of his total cost, calculate the selling price of 100 bottles of sherry, In the following year the merchant’s costs remain the same, but, in order to include a tax of 10 pence per bottle payable to the Government, he raises his selling price to 87 pence per bottle. Calculate his new profit per bottle. Express this asa percentage of the total cost per bottle. (17 marks) 32. GENERAL CERIFICATE OF EDUCATION MATHEMATICS 13. Prove that the angle at the centre of a circle is twice any angle at the circumference standing on the same arc. (Only one diagram need be drawn.) Q In the diagram, two unequal circles intersect at A and B. The centre O of one circle lies on the circumference of the other. The straight line APQ cuts the circles at P and Q. Prove that (@) LAQB () PO = PB. If BP is produced to cut the circle with centre O at R, prove that AR is parallel to BQ. LAPB, (17 marks) Ty ORDINARY LEVEL: JANUARY 1975 33 Two straight lines OA and OB meet at right angles at 0. Two particles are projected from O at the same time. One particle travels along OA so that its distance, x metres, from O after 1 seconds is given by x = St + 21%. The second particle travels along OB so that its distance, y metres, from O after t seconds is given by y= 4 (@ Write down expressions for the speeds of each of the two particles after 1 seconds, (6) Calculate a positive value of for which the speeds are equal (©) Calculate the distances of the two particles from O at the instant given by this value off (@ Calculate the distance between the particles at this instant. (©) Write down expressions for the accelerations of the two particles after ¢ seconds, and hence find the value of ¢ for Which the accelerations are equal. (17 marks) 4 ANSWERS: JUNE 1973, ANSWERS JUNE 1973 Paper 2 1. £180 2-063 —237 3, £102.00 5.16% 6 @—3) Qx—DO=) 14 8. 2 em 9. (a) 2247 em (6) 174-6 em* (c) 3203 em* 10, (@) 563 (6) 0:90 to 4-43 (@) 1-75 Vil 5:39 A. (a) 211-Sem* (6) 102m (c) 7:79 em* 12, 71-5m 195m 8°30" B.@3 9 OF 4 ‘Paper 3 1, 5-7 10 2, 24 seconds 3. £178 4, 10cm, 866 em 5. (5, 2) or (—3, —2) ANSWERS: JUNE 1973 AND JANUARY 1974 6.31 x= 3 “@FDG-h 8. 6-7em 9. 40m, em 10. 60x, 60/(x 4). x= 12or— 16. 224 IL @2 © Gi) @ 335 12, (a) 173 m_ (6) 30° (c) 28°58’ (d) 63° 26" 13, (a) £20270 (6) £40-80. (€) 20-1 14. (a) 13cm (6) 2450km (6) 13-6 em 15° JANUARY 1974 Paper 2 L@6 @) —8 (1 27m 3. G, 8) or 4, 1) Lia oe e 5. 17-02 em 6.1027 7. (a) 4m (b) 8 8. 40 m/s 35 36 ANSWERS: JANUARY 1974 9. (a) 900m? (6) 12°41" (©) 20-5 m_ £340 10. £24,600 (a) £144 (6) 80p (6) 39% (d) £656.000 M, (@) 342 (6) 174, 34-2 2 @ 4 ®)W—4 (© —45 (@ —47 © Tax 2—n =T-e 13, (2) 4°668 em ($) 9877 em (c) 2363 em 14, 11-8.cm 2 Paper 3 1 £135 2. @3B+9G-x9 (G40 +29 3. 1°56 oF 116 4, 53°8" 6. 786m ut 8.62, 31° 9. @# © 12m (20m (e) Sim 10. 7miles (a) 9-15 am (6) 3 miles 12,91, 772kg, 4I-Lem 13, (a) 4178 km _(6) 9114 km (c) 2260 n mile (@) 65N_ 60° 30W 14. @ 3.0), OD. AP OH }6 ANSWERS! JUNE 1974 a. JUNE 1974 Paper 2 1.62 6 7. 245, — 0-20 8. (@ Ill om (B) 19-42 em 9. (a) 74 cm, Them (b) 54 em, 9 em (©) 64 cm, 8§ cm (a) 6 em, 9. cm 10. (2, 16), (— 2,~ 16) (6) 28 II. £35000, 8%, 48p 12, (a). 2548 km (b) $337 km, 2430 nautical miles 13, 35-3 cm 14. BD = 3-666 em (a) 5499 m (6) 62550 m= (c) 250+ m Paper 3 1. £1750 218 3. 39 kmjh 4, 404 g 38 ANSWERS: JANUARY 1974 AND JANUARY 1975 ee DOP Se apy Can 7. (= 7, ~ 0) and (24, 13) 8 4:35 em 9. x= Sor 6 10. (a) 144° 40" (5) 60-2 nautical miles 78° 16° IL, (@) 5 m/s (0) Sseconds (c) 2-mjs (d) 24 m/s (e) 750m 12. () 80 13. (@) 20-7 (6) 1660 << 537 (0) 243 (Wd) 3-65 14, (@) III? SH (0) 13-26 em (c) 348T3.em (ed) 32°34" JANUARY 1975 Paper 2 1. £60 2. 2877 « 10" 212, —049 414, 03, 125 5.304 6.126, 287, 28° 2a 2 8.58, 36 9. 60 kmjh, 45 kinjh ANSWERS: JANUARY 1975 39 10, (a) 625 m* (6) 125.000 m*, 4°67 ms 1.2 1 C4, 30 12. (a) 288m (6) 485 (6) 0-748 to 4-065, 4 m/s 13, (@) 0-8944 m_(6)°63° 35° (6) 201 m (Ad) 66" 2" 14, (a) 6300 (6) 15 hours 15850 km Paper 3 7. 6-465 em 8. 7-553 em 9 (a) 120m (b) 79°45’ (©) 166-9 em (d) 2607 em* 10, (a) 120°, 60°, 41° 46" (h) 24-25 em*” (¢) 7-506 em HW. @ 34x43 42% Ox e O4 ~2 (a) 3240 "(e) 11 12, 37Jp, S6p, £7392, 2Ip, 374% 14 (@) 5-543 +1 (6) 2 (2 18m, 10m (a) 20:59 m (@) 4, 61,