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2601101-03 _______ _______


1. Calculate the following ratios for a gas at Kelvin temperatures T1 and T2 where T2 = 2T1
(A) Mean free path at T1Mean free path at T2 (5 pts) 1
(B) Collision frequency between O2 at T1Collision frequency between O2 at T2 (5 pts) 0.71



2. (A) Which of the following molecules should behave most like an ideal gas. (Given that van
der Waals constants a (atm L2 . mol-2) and b (L . mol-1) of (3.667; 0.04081) for HCl;
(3.667; 0.04081) and (5.284; 0.04424) for NO2 and (6.714; 0.05636) for SO2. (5 pts)
(B) With respect to the Maxwell-Boltzmann probability distribution function of molecular
speeds, Derive the ratio of ump : uavg : urms . (5 pts)
(A) HCl
(B) 22.553
3. Consider separate 1.0 L samples of He(g) and UF6(g) both at 1.00 atm and containing the same
number of moles. What ratio of temperatures for the two samples would produce the same collision
frequency with the vessel walls? (8 pts)

4. The equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction CCl4(g) C(s) + 2Cl2(g) at 700 oC is 0.76.
Determine the initial pressure of CCl4 that will produce a total equilibrium pressure of 1.20 atm at
700 oC. (8 pts)
CCl4(g) C(s) + 2Cl2(g)
P0-x 2x

5. At 65 oC, SO2Cl2(g) decomposes to SO2(g) and Cl2(g) to the extent that 12.5% of the original SO2Cl2
(by moles) has decomposed to reach equilibrium. The total pressure at equilibrium is 9.00 atm.
Calculate the Kp for this system. (8 pts)

SO2Cl2 (g) SO2(g) + Cl2(g)
P0-x x x

6. The partial pressures of an equilibrium mixture of N2O4(g) and NO2(g) are PN2O4 = 0.34 atm and
PNO2 = 1.20 atm at a certain temperature. Calculate the partial pressures of the two gases at a new
equilibrium when the volume of the container is doubled. (8 pts)
N2O4(g) 2 NO2(g)

PV = nRT

N2O4(g) 2 NO2(g)
0.17 0.6
0.17-x 0.6+2x

7.Consider the decomposition of hydrazine N2H4(g) 2H2(g) + N2(g). At a certain temperature,

Kp = 2.5 x 10 . When pure hydrazine is placed in an otherwise empty vessel at this temperature,
equilibrium is reached after 30.0% of the hydrazine has decomposed. Calculate the partial pressure
of hydrogen gas at equilibrium. (8 pts)
N2H4(g) 2H2(g) + N2(g)
0.7x 0.6x 0.3x

8.Consider 50.0 mL of a solution of weak acid HA (Ka = 1.00 x 10-6), which has a pH of 4.000. What
volume of water must be added to make the pH = 5.000? (8 pts)
HA H+ + A-
x-10-4 10-4 10-4
HA H+ + A-
5.05*10-4/V-10-5 10-5 10-5

4.54 L

9. Calculate [OH] in a 3.00 x 10-7 M solution of Ca(OH)2. (8 pts)

10. Calculate the pH of an aqueous solution containing (12 pts)

(A) 1.0 x 10-2 M HCl.
(B) 1.0 x 10-2 M H2SO4.
(C) 1.0 x 10-2 M HCN (Ka = 6.2 x 10-10).

11. Justify your answers to the following questions. (8 pts)
(A) Why is the pH of an aqueous NaHCO3 solution independent of its concentration?

(B) Is the pH of a strong acid solution always lower than the pH of a weak acid solution?
NO, acid strength has nothing to do with pH. it is related to concentration. A weak acid of the same
concentration as a strong acid will always have a higher pH because it is more basic and less
12. A buffered solution is made by adding 50.0 g NH4Cl to 1.00 L of a 0.75 M solution of NH3.
Calculate the pH of the final solution. (Assume no volume change.) (8 pts)

13. Consider the bases in the following Table. Which base would be the best choice for preparing a pH =
5.00 buffer? Explain how to make 1.0 L of this buffer. (8 pts)

14. How many mmoles of HCl must be added to 130.0 mL of a 0.40 M solution of methylamine (pKb =
3.36) to give a buffer having a pH of 11.59? (8 pts)
5.2 mmole