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ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline

Engineering

Lecture 12: Mechanical Design Local Buckling


Combined Loads

Shawn Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.


Assistant Professor
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science
Memorial University of Newfoundland
spkenny@engr.mun.ca
Lecture 12 Objective
to examine local buckling (combined
loading) behaviour of pipelines

2 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Combined Loads
Circumferential (P) a b c
P N M
Internal pressure + + 1
Pcr Ncr Mcr
External pressure

Axial (N)
Tension
Compression

Sectional (M)
Flexure
Torsion

3 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Design Conditions
Load Control
Response
governed by
imposed loads
Sustained or
primary loads
Load limits for
internal or external
overpressure
Prevent catastrophic
failure or collapse

4 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Design Conditions (cont.)
Displacement Control
Response governed by
displacement or
boundary conditions
Strain limits
Sec.5 D604
Load controlled design
criterion can always be
applied in place of a
displacement controlled
design criterion

5 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Flexural Response Mechanisms
Global Buckling
Free span
Upheaval

Lateral

6 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Flexural Response Mechanisms (cont.)

Local Buckling
Strain
localization
Tensile rupture

Low cycle
fatigue

No internal pressure

Internal pressure

7 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Design Significance
Consider
Flexural Behaviour
700

600

500
Moment (kN-m)

400

300
-1000 kN
-500 kN
200
0 kN
500 kN
100 1000 kN
1500 kN
0
0 20 40 60 80 100
Curvature (10-6/mm)

8 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Local Buckling Combined Loads (cont.)

Load Control Internal Overpressure


Internal overpressure + moment + axial force

9 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Local Buckling Combined Loads (cont.)

Load Control Internal Overpressure


Internal overpressure + moment + axial force

10 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Local Buckling Combined Loads (cont.)

Load Control Internal Overpressure


Lateral Point Load

11 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Local Buckling Combined Loads (cont.)

Load Control External Overpressure


External overpressure + moment + axial force

12 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Local Buckling Combined Loads (cont.)

Displacement Control Internal


Overpressure
Internal overpressure + compressive strain

13 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Local Buckling Combined Loads (cont.)

Displacement Control External


Overpressure
External overpressure + compressive strain

14 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
Reading List
Murphey, C.E. and C.G. Langner (1985).
Ultimate pipe strength under bending,
collapse and fatigue. Proc. 4th OMAE,
Volume 1, pp.467-477.
[1985_Murphey_&_Langner.pdf]

15 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12
References
DNV (2007). Submarine Pipeline Systems.
Offshore Standard, DNV OS-F101,
October 2007, 240p.
Al-Showaiter, A. (2008). Parametric Study
on the Effect of Weld-Induced
Imperfections of the Local Buckling
Response of Energy Pipelines. M.Sc.
Thesis, Dalhousie University

16 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 12