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Users Manual

VD203 65/EN - English Future on demand.


Allgon Systems AB OMT32

Users Manual

OMT32
Operation and Maintenance Terminal
Version R2A

English

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 i


OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

This manual describes installation, function, operation and maintenance of the Allgon OMT32 software version R2A.

Communication between Allgon repeater units and operators is carried out either by using Allgon OMT32 (Operation and
Maintenance Terminal), or Allgon OMS (Operation and Maintenance System), both developed by Allgon. OMT32 is
described in this manual. OMS is described in the Advanced Repeater OMS, Users Manual.

Hardware and software mentioned in this document are subjected to continuous development and improvement.
Consequently, there may be minor discrepancies between the information in the document and the performance or design
of the product. Specifications, dimensions and other statements mentioned in this document are subject to changes
without prior notice.

In this system, the channel selective 900, 1800, and 1900 systems are called GSM, DCS and PCS respectively. These
systems may, however, have different names in different parts of the world.

In this manual, the <> brackets are used to indicate function keys contrary to a series of key strokes: <Del> = the
Del(ete) key, Del = D, e, l.

Allgon and its suppliers shall not be liable for any damages related to this product, or for any other damages whatsoever caused of the use of or inability to
use any Allgon product. This is applicable even if Allgon has been advised of the damage risk. Under any circumstances, Allgons entire liability shall be
limited to replace such defective software or hardware which was originally purchased from Allgon.

LinDAS is a trademark of Allgon Systems AB. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Windows, Windows 98, Windows NT and
Windows 2000 are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Intel and Pentium are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. Hayes is a registered trademark
of Hayes Microcomputer Products, Inc. Other trademarks mentioned in this manual are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

This manual is produced by El, Tele & Maskin Ingenjrsfirma AB, Huddinge, Sweden.

Allgon Systems AB, SE-187 80 Tby, Sweden


Phone: +46 8 540 822 00 Fax: +46 8 540 834 80 Internet: www.allgon.se
This manual or parts of it may not be reproduced without the written permission of Allgon System AB.
Infringements will be prosecuted. All rights reserved.

Copyright Allgon Systems AB, Sweden, 1994-2002.


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Allgon Systems AB OMT32

Contents
New Features in OMT32 Version R2A ......................................................................... x

Abbreviations ............................................................................................................... xi

1. Introduction ............................................................................................................. 1-1

2. Installation ................................................................................................................ 2-1


Requirements ..................................................................................................... 2-1
Software Installation ........................................................................................... 2-2
IP Network Settings ............................................................................................. 2-7
Program Folder .................................................................................................. 2-8
OMT32 Start Icon ........................................................................................... 2-8
OMT32 Setup Icon ........................................................................................ 2-8
Log File ............................................................................................................... 2-9
Log File Size ................................................................................................... 2-9
Log File Name and Path .............................................................................. 2-9
Initial OMT32 Settings ......................................................................................... 2-10
Automatic OMT32 Recovery ............................................................................. 2-11
Screen Saver ...................................................................................................... 2-11
Uninstalling OMT32 ............................................................................................. 2-11

3. Help .......................................................................................................................... 3-1


On-Line Help ...................................................................................................... 3-1
Help Menu ..................................................................................................... 3-1
Dialog Box Help ............................................................................................. 3-1
Button Hints .................................................................................................... 3-1
Status Bar Help .............................................................................................. 3-2
Manuals .............................................................................................................. 3-2

4. Getting Started ........................................................................................................ 4-1


Preparation ......................................................................................................... 4-2
Local Connection ......................................................................................... 4-2
Remote Connection ..................................................................................... 4-2
Starting Up OMT32 ............................................................................................. 4-3
OMT32 Main Window .................................................................................... 4-3
Connecting and Logging On to a Repeater ................................................. 4-4
Local IP Connection to a Repeater ............................................................ 4-5
Remote IP Connection to a Repeater ....................................................... 4-6
Local SLW Connection to a Repeater ........................................................ 4-8
Remote SLW Connection to a Repeater .................................................... 4-9
Dialing Repeater Dialog Box ........................................................................ 4-11
IP Connect Dialog Box ................................................................................. 4-13
IP Logon Dialog Box ...................................................................................... 4-14
Stand-Alone Repeater Logon Dialog Box ................................................... 4-16
R2R Network Logon Dialog Box .................................................................... 4-18
Main Window After Logon ................................................................................. 4-20
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OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

5. OMT32 Features ...................................................................................................... 5-1


Connection Parameters .................................................................................... 5-2
Local Connection ......................................................................................... 5-3
Remote Connection ..................................................................................... 5-4
Command Line Interface ................................................................................. 5-6
Command Syntax ......................................................................................... 5-6
Command List ............................................................................................... 5-7
Cellular Calculator ............................................................................................. 5-10
OMT32 Version ................................................................................................... 5-11
Exiting OMT32 ..................................................................................................... 5-12

6. Repeater Operations .............................................................................................. 6-1


Operational Data in General ........................................................................... 6-2
Modifying Operational Data ........................................................................ 6-2
Active Repeater Part (Combined Repeaters Only) .................................... 6-3
Repeater Configuration .................................................................................... 6-4
Channel Selective GSM Repeater ............................................................... 6-6
Channel Selective CDMA and WCDMA Repeater ..................................... 6-8
Band Selective Repeater ............................................................................. 6-11
Fiber Optical Unit .......................................................................................... 6-13
DMB Repeaters .............................................................................................. 6-15
Operational Status ............................................................................................. 6-17
Channel Selective GSM Repeater ............................................................... 6-18
Channel Selective CDMA and WCDMA Repeater ..................................... 6-24
Band Selective Repeater ............................................................................. 6-27
Fiber Optical Unit .......................................................................................... 6-29
DMB Repeaters .............................................................................................. 6-30
MRX, Measurement Receiver ........................................................................... 6-33
Antenna Supervision ...................................................................................... 6-34
Spectrum Monitor .......................................................................................... 6-37
Return Loss Monitor ....................................................................................... 6-40
MRX Settings .................................................................................................. 6-43
Traffic Statistics ................................................................................................... 6-45
Repeater Subunit Revisions ............................................................................... 6-47
Repeater Software Configuration ..................................................................... 6-48
CU and MRX Revision Manager .................................................................. 6-48
Rebooting ...................................................................................................... 6-50
Downloading CU Software ........................................................................... 6-51
Password and Callback .................................................................................... 6-54
Callback Phone Numbers ............................................................................ 6-56
Login Registry ..................................................................................................... 6-57
Repeater Modem Parameters ......................................................................... 6-58
Modem Commands ..................................................................................... 6-59
Repeater ID ........................................................................................................ 6-60
Repeater Date and Time .................................................................................. 6-61
Notepad ............................................................................................................. 6-62
Logging Off ........................................................................................................ 6-62

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7. Alarms and Events .................................................................................................. 7-1


Alarm Overview .................................................................................................. 7-2
Alarm Levels .................................................................................................. 7-2
Alarm Indication ............................................................................................ 7-2
Internal and External Alarms ........................................................................ 7-3
Alarm Configuration .......................................................................................... 7-4
Received Repeater Alarms ............................................................................... 7-6
Disabling/Enabling Remote Alarm Reception ............................................ 7-8
Alarm Reset ........................................................................................................ 7-9
Alarm Call Criteria ............................................................................................. 7-10
Repeater Event Log ........................................................................................... 7-12
Event Examination ......................................................................................... 7-14

8. Network .................................................................................................................... 8-1


Terminology ........................................................................................................ 8-2
IP Network Description ....................................................................................... 8-4
Requirements ................................................................................................. 8-5
IP Network Characteristics ............................................................................ 8-6
W-Net Characteristics ................................................................................... 8-8
F-Net Characteristics .................................................................................... 8-9
Communication Units ................................................................................... 8-10
Communication Subunits BSC/CU and FON ........................................... 8-14
Network Overview .......................................................................................... 8-16
IP Protocol ...................................................................................................... 8-17
IP Addresses ................................................................................................... 8-19
Network Mask Characteristics ...................................................................... 8-20
Subnet Characteristics .................................................................................. 8-20
IP Network Planning ........................................................................................... 8-21
Address Consumption and Default Numbering ......................................... 8-21
Subnetting Example ...................................................................................... 8-22
IP Network Configuration ................................................................................... 8-28
W-Net Overview ............................................................................................. 8-29
W-Net Node Configuration ........................................................................... 8-30
W-Net Statistics .............................................................................................. 8-31
F-Net Overview .............................................................................................. 8-32
F-Net Node Configuration ............................................................................ 8-33
F-Net Statistics ............................................................................................... 8-34
IP Alarm Modems .......................................................................................... 8-35
IP Parameters ................................................................................................. 8-36
PPP Users ........................................................................................................ 8-37
Repeater OMS Alarm Users .......................................................................... 8-38
Troubleshooting ............................................................................................. 8-38
R2R Network Description ................................................................................... 8-39
Requirements ................................................................................................. 8-40
Protocol .......................................................................................................... 8-40
R2R Network Configuration ............................................................................... 8-41
Network Overview .......................................................................................... 8-42
Node Configuration ...................................................................................... 8-43
Network Statistics ........................................................................................... 8-44
Alarm Modems .............................................................................................. 8-45
Troubleshooting ............................................................................................. 8-46

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OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

9. Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................... 9-1


Local IP Connection .......................................................................................... 9-2
OMT32 Modem .................................................................................................. 9-3
Network Connection ..................................................................................... 9-3
Modem Debug Tool ..................................................................................... 9-5
Repeater Modem .............................................................................................. 9-7
Modem Debug Tool ..................................................................................... 9-7
Modem to Modem Communication ............................................................... 9-8
SLW Communication Status ......................................................................... 9-8
Network ............................................................................................................... 9-10
Link Transfer Speed ....................................................................................... 9-11
Advanced Node Configuration ................................................................... 9-12
Testpoints ............................................................................................................ 9-13
Channel Selective CHA Boards for GSM ..................................................... 9-14
Channel Selective CSA/PA Boards for CDMA and WCDMA ...................... 9-16
Band Selective BSA/PA Boards ..................................................................... 9-18
Band Selective BSC Boards, RF Testpoints .................................................. 9-20
Fiber Optical Unit .......................................................................................... 9-22
DMB Repeaters .............................................................................................. 9-23
BA Unit ............................................................................................................ 9-24
CU Board ........................................................................................................ 9-26
Band Selective BSC Boards, CU Testpoints ................................................. 9-28
Repeater Modem ......................................................................................... 9-30
MRX Testpoints ............................................................................................... 9-32

Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide ...................................................................... A-1


Main Window Button Bar ................................................................................... A-1
Main Menu Reference Guide ........................................................................... A-2
File .................................................................................................................. A-2
Access ............................................................................................................ A-3
OMT Preferences ........................................................................................... A-5
Repeater Preferences ................................................................................... A-6
Operations ..................................................................................................... A-8
Advanced ...................................................................................................... A-10
Network ........................................................................................................... A-11
Window ........................................................................................................... A-12
Help ................................................................................................................ A-13

Index .............................................................................................................................. I-1

Questionnaire .............................................................................................................. Q-1

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Figures
Figure 2-1. Setup type ................................................................................................ 2-2
Figure 2-2. Program folder ......................................................................................... 2-3
Figure 2-3. Entered setup information ....................................................................... 2-3
Figure 2-4. OMT32 basic parameters ....................................................................... 2-4
Figure 2-5. Communication parameters .................................................................. 2-5
Figure 2-6. Log file settings ........................................................................................ 2-6
Figure 2-7. Installation completed ............................................................................ 2-7
Figure 2-8. OMT32 program folder ............................................................................ 2-8
Figure 2-9. Locating OMT program files ................................................................... 2-10

Figure 3-1. Status bar help ......................................................................................... 3-2

Figure 4-1. OMT32 main window before logging on .............................................. 4-3


Figure 4-2. PPP user name and password ................................................................ 4-5
Figure 4-3. IP logon ..................................................................................................... 4-5
Figure 4-4. Dialing repeater ....................................................................................... 4-6
Figure 4-5. PPP user name and password ................................................................ 4-6
Figure 4-6. IP logon ..................................................................................................... 4-7
Figure 4-7. Logging on a stand-alone repeater ...................................................... 4-8
Figure 4-8. Logging on an R2R network repeater .................................................... 4-8
Figure 4-9. Dialing repeater ....................................................................................... 4-9
Figure 4-10. Logging on a stand-alone repeater .................................................... 4-9
Figure 4-11. Logging on an R2R network repeater ................................................. 4-10
Figure 4-12. Dialing repeater dialog box ................................................................. 4-11
Figure 4-13. IP connect dialog box .......................................................................... 4-13
Figure 4-14. IP logon dialog box ............................................................................... 4-14
Figure 4-15. Stand-alone repeater logon dialog box ............................................. 4-16
Figure 4-16. R2R network logon dialog box ............................................................. 4-18
Figure 4-17. OMT32 main window after logging on ................................................ 4-20

Figure 5-1. Local connection port ............................................................................. 5-3


Figure 5-2. Remote connection parameters ........................................................... 5-4
Figure 5-3. Cellular channel calculator .................................................................... 5-10
Figure 5-4. OMT32 version .......................................................................................... 5-11
Figure 5-5. Exiting OMT32 ........................................................................................... 5-12

Figure 6-1. Active repeater part ................................................................................ 6-3


Figure 6-2. Invalid input value ................................................................................... 6-4
Figure 6-3. Channel selective GSM configuration ................................................... 6-6
Figure 6-4. Channel selective CDMA configuration ................................................ 6-8
Figure 6-5. Gain reduction alarm .............................................................................. 6-10
Figure 6-6. Band selective configuration .................................................................. 6-11
Figure 6-7. Fiber optical configuration ..................................................................... 6-13
Figure 6-8. DMB configuration ................................................................................... 6-15
Figure 6-9. Channel selective GSM status ................................................................ 6-18
Figure 6-10. Antenna isolation margin test ............................................................... 6-20
Figure 6-11. Gain regulation at poor antenna isolation ......................................... 6-20
Figure 6-12. RSSI max and RSSI min .......................................................................... 6-22
Figure 6-13. Channel selective CDMA status ........................................................... 6-24
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OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Figure 6-14. Band selective status ............................................................................. 6-27


Figure 6-15. Fiber optical status ................................................................................ 6-29
Figure 6-16. DMB status .............................................................................................. 6-30
Figure 6-17. Repeater with MRX ................................................................................ 6-35
Figure 6-18. MRX spectrum monitor .......................................................................... 6-38
Figure 6-19. MRX return loss monitor ......................................................................... 6-41
Figure 6-20. MRX settings ........................................................................................... 6-43
Figure 6-21. Traffic statistics ....................................................................................... 6-45
Figure 6-22. Repeater boards .................................................................................... 6-47
Figure 6-23. CHA board information ......................................................................... 6-47
Figure 6-24. BSA board information .......................................................................... 6-47
Figure 6-25. RIA board information ........................................................................... 6-47
Figure 6-26. CU Revision Manager ............................................................................ 6-48
Figure 6-27. Reboot start ............................................................................................ 6-50
Figure 6-28. Reboot in progress ................................................................................ 6-50
Figure 6-29. Select software file for downloading ................................................... 6-51
Figure 6-30. Release information .............................................................................. 6-52
Figure 6-31. Downloading software to repeater ...................................................... 6-52
Figure 6-32. Downloading completed ...................................................................... 6-53
Figure 6-33. Password verification ............................................................................. 6-54
Figure 6-34. Password configuration ......................................................................... 6-54
Figure 6-35. Password verification ............................................................................. 6-55
Figure 6-36. Repeater callback phone numbers .................................................... 6-56
Figure 6-37. Logon registry ......................................................................................... 6-57
Figure 6-38. Repeater modem parameters ............................................................. 6-58
Figure 6-39. Repeater ID ............................................................................................ 6-60
Figure 6-40. Date and time setting ........................................................................... 6-61
Figure 6-41. Notepad ................................................................................................. 6-62
Figure 6-42. Logging off ............................................................................................. 6-62

Figure 7-1. Alarm configuration ................................................................................. 7-4


Figure 7-2. Alarm text box .......................................................................................... 7-5
Figure 7-3. Received repeater alarms ...................................................................... 7-6
Figure 7-4. Alarm call criteria ..................................................................................... 7-10
Figure 7-5. Repeater event log ................................................................................. 7-12
Figure 7-6. Event examination ................................................................................... 7-14

Figure 8-1. W-net, F-net or R2R net ........................................................................... 8-3


Figure 8-2. W-link, F-link or R2R link ............................................................................ 8-3
Figure 8-3. W-net with four repeater nodes .............................................................. 8-8
Figure 8-4. F-net with four receiving nodes .............................................................. 8-9
Figure 8-5. OMT32 connected to a stand-alone repeater ..................................... 8-12
Figure 8-6. OMT32 connected to a W-net ............................................................... 8-12
Figure 8-7. OMT32 connected to an F/W-net .......................................................... 8-13
Figure 8-8. BSC/CU with communication interfaces ................................................ 8-14
Figure 8-9. FON with communication interfaces ..................................................... 8-15
Figure 8-10. Repeater network overview ................................................................... 8-16
Figure 8-11. IP protocol diagram .............................................................................. 8-17
Figure 8-12. Communication example .................................................................... 8-18
Figure 8-13. Node IP interfaces ................................................................................. 8-19
Figure 8-14. Server assigned PPP addresses ............................................................ 8-19
Figure 8-15. BSC, CU and FON addresses ................................................................ 8-21

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Figure 8-16. Number of subnets ................................................................................ 8-22


Figure 8-17. Most number of subnet addresses ...................................................... 8-23
Figure 8-18. Subnet IDs ............................................................................................... 8-25
Figure 8-19. BMU/OCM backbone W-subnet ............................................................ 8-26
Figure 8-20. F-subnet .................................................................................................. 8-27
Figure 8-21. W-subnet ................................................................................................. 8-27
Figure 8-22. W-net overview ....................................................................................... 8-29
Figure 8-23. W-net node configuration ..................................................................... 8-30
Figure 8-24. W-net statistics ........................................................................................ 8-31
Figure 8-25. F-net overview ........................................................................................ 8-32
Figure 8-26. F-net node configuration ...................................................................... 8-33
Figure 8-27. F-net statistics ......................................................................................... 8-34
Figure 8-28. Alarm modems ...................................................................................... 8-35
Figure 8-29. IP address parameters .......................................................................... 8-36
Figure 8-30. Repeater PPP users list ........................................................................... 8-37
Figure 8-31. OMS alarm PPP users ............................................................................. 8-38
Figure 8-32. R2R network with four nodes ................................................................ 8-39
Figure 8-33. R2R net overview ................................................................................... 8-42
Figure 8-34. R2R node configuration ........................................................................ 8-43
Figure 8-35. R2R net statistics .................................................................................... 8-44
Figure 8-36. R2R alarm modems .............................................................................. 8-45
Figure 8-37. Adding modem ..................................................................................... 8-45
Figure 8-38. Three gateway repeaters ...................................................................... 8-46

Figure 9-1. DCD adapter ............................................................................................ 9-2


Figure 9-2. IP network connection error .................................................................... 9-3
Figure 9-3. Network connection error ........................................................................ 9-4
Figure 9-4. Remote connection parameters ........................................................... 9-4
Figure 9-5. OMT modem debug tool ........................................................................ 9-5
Figure 9-6. Cellular modem AT commands ............................................................. 9-5
Figure 9-7. Hayes modem AT commands ............................................................... 9-6
Figure 9-8. Repeater modem debug tool ............................................................... 9-7
Figure 9-9. SLW communication status ..................................................................... 9-8
Figure 9-10. W-net and R2R link speed .................................................................... 9-11
Figure 9-11. Repeater restart after setting ................................................................ 9-11
Figure 9-12. Advanced node configuration ............................................................. 9-12
Figure 9-13. Testpoints, CHA boards ......................................................................... 9-14
Figure 9-14. Testpoints, CSA/PA boards ..................................................................... 9-16
Figure 9-15. Testpoints, BSA/PA boards ..................................................................... 9-18
Figure 9-16. RF testpoints, BSC board ....................................................................... 9-20
Figure 9-17. Testpoints, FON board ........................................................................... 9-22
Figure 9-18. Testpoints, DMB repeaters ..................................................................... 9-23
Figure 9-19. Testpoints, BA board .............................................................................. 9-24
Figure 9-20. Testpoints, CU board ............................................................................. 9-26
Figure 9-21. CU testpoints, BSC board ...................................................................... 9-28
Figure 9-22. Testpoints, repeater modem ................................................................ 9-30
Figure 9-23. MRX board status and testpoints ......................................................... 9-32

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OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

New Features in OMT32 Version R2A


Support of fiber-optic FON boards.
Support of repeater communication with UDP/IP protocol (User
Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol).

Support of IP repeater network.


Support of the WCDMA system.
Support of the Allgon MRX measurement receiver in 800MHz and
1900MHz CDMA and 2100MHz WCDMA repeaters, including
continuous antenna isolation supervision as well as spectrum and
return loss (VSWR) monitors.

Support of BA repeaters, i.e. CDMA and WCDMA repeaters equipped


with a 6dB (typically) BA (Booster Amplifier) in the downlink
transmitting signal path.

Support of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB) repeaters


(implemented in OMT32 version R1C).

Support of Optical Converter Modules (OCM) and Remote Hubs (RH)


for the Allgon Light Indoor Distributed Antenna System (LinDAS).

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32

Abbreviations
Abbreviations used in this document, in the software, and in the
supported hardware:
3G Third Generation mobile system.
AGC Automatic Gain Control.
ALI Alarm Interface (board).
ALR Allgon Low Power Repeater (usually called compact repeater).
AMPS Advanced Mobile Phone Service.
AR Allgon Repeater (usually called standard repeater).
BCCH Broadcast Control Channel (GSM broadcast channel time slot).
BMU Base Station Master Unit.
BA Booster Amplifier.
BS Base Station.
BSA Band Selective Amplifier (board).
BSC Band Selective Compact repeater (board).
BSel Band Selective.
BTS Base station Transceiver System.
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access.
CH Central Hub.
CHA Channel Amplifier (board).
CMB Combiner (unit).
CSA CDMA/WCDMA Segment Amplifier (board).
CSel Channel Selective.
CU Control Unit (board).
CW Continuous Wave.
DAMPS Digital Advanced Mobile Phone Service.
DAS Distributed Antenna System.
DC Directional Coupler.
DCS Digital Communication System (same as PCN).
DFB Distributed Feedback.
DIA Distribution (board).
DL Downlink (signal direction from base station via repeater to mobile station).
DNS Domain Name Server.
DMB Digital Multimedia Broadcasting.
DPX Duplex (filter).
EEPROM Electrical Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory.
EGSM Extended Global System for Mobile communication.
ETACS Extended Total Access Communication System.
ETS European Telecommunications Standards.
FCC Federal Communications Commission.
FLI Fiber Link Interface.
F-link Fiber link.
F-net Fiber network.
FON Fiber-Optic Node (board).
FOR Fiber-Optic Repeater.
FOT Fiber-Optic Transceiver.
FOU Fiber-Optic Unit.
GSM Global System for Mobile communication.
HW Hardware.
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol.
IM Intermodulation.
IP Internet Protocol.
LAN Local Area Network.

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OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

LED Light Emitting Diode.


LinDAS Light Indoor Distributed Antenna System.
LNA Low Noise Amplifier (unit).
MRX Measurement Receiver (board).
MS Mobile Station.
MSC Mobile Switching Center.
NAPT Network Address and Port Translation.
NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone (system).
NS Name Server.
OCM Optical Converter Module.
OMS Operation and Maintenance System.
OMT32 Operation and Maintenance Terminal.
OSP Optical Splitter.
PA Power Amplifier (board).
PEP Peak Envelope Power.
PCN Personal Communication Network (same as DCS).
PCS Personal Communication System.
PPP Point to Point Protocol.
PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network.
PSU Power Supply Unit.
PTFE Polytetrafluoro Ethylene (Teflon).
R2R Repeater to Repeater (Allgon specific network).
R2R net R2R network.
RAS Remote Access Service.
RCC Remote Communication Control (unit).
RCM RF Combiner Module.
RCU Remote Control Unit.
RF Radio Frequency.
RH Remote Hub.
RIA Repeater Interface Adapter (board).
RMS Root Mean Square.
RMU Repeater Master Unit.
RSSI Received Signal Strength Indication.
RTC Real Time Clock.
RX Receiver.
SLW Sliding Window (Allgon specific protocol).
SW Software.
TACS Total Access Communication System.
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access.
TX Transmitter.
UDP User Datagram Protocol.
UL Uplink (signal direction from mobile station via repeater to base station).
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply.
VAC Voltage Alternating Current.
VDC Voltage Direct Current.
WAN Wide Area Network.
WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access.
WDM Wavelength Division Multiplexer.
WLI Wire Link Interface.
W-link Wire link.
W-net Wire network.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Introduction

1. Introduction
The OMT32 (Operation and Maintenance Terminal) is a software package
used to set up, supervise, and maintain Allgon repeaters and remote hubs.
It can be performed either locally by using a desktop or notebook
connected to the repeater or hub, or remotely via modem.
All Allgon repeaters and remote hubs can be controlled by using the
OMT32 software. OMT32 can, however, only take full advantage of
repeaters and hubs equipped with the latest software.
R2R networks as well as IP networks are supported by OMS32. Both wire
and fiber optics communications are supported in IP networks.

OMT32 can be used for a wide range of Allgon units in the following
systems:
General cellular coverage.
LinDASTM Light Indoor Distributed Antenna System.
DMB Digital Multimedia Broadcasting.
Examples of supported Allgon units for these systems are:
AR, standard Allgon Repeater.
ALR, compact Allgon Low power Repeater.
BMU, Base Station Unit.
FOR, Fiber-Optic Repeater.
RMU, Repeater Master Unit.
OCM, Optical Converter Unit.
RH, Remote Hub.
The word repeater is used as a common word for all these units in this
manual and in the OMT32 software. The word node is, in the same way,
used for all the various units in network descriptions.
The various types of repeater units are described in separate manuals.

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 1-1


Introduction OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

1-2 Rev. 1B 2002-03 VD203 65/EN Users Manual


Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Installation

2. Installation
In this chapter, you will find the requirements for the desktop and how to
install the OMT32 software.
Also, you will find information about automatic OMT32 start and
recovery, log file, screen savers, and how to remove OMT32 from the
system.

Requirements
The system requirements for OMT32:
32MB free hard disk space.
A free serial COM port.
CD-ROM drive (or 3.5" disk drive).
Monitor with a minimum resolution of 800 by 600 pixels.
A Hayes compatible modem.
Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, or Windows 2000 with the latest
service pack (can be downloaded from www.microsoft.com).

The OMT32 software is available on a CD-ROM.

If you prefer to install the software from 3.5" disks, then copy the
contents of the folders called DISK1 and DISK2 on the CD-ROM to
1.44MB disks and install from these disks.

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Installation OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Software Installation
1. Start Windows. If you install OMT32 under Windows NT 4.0 or
Windows 2000, then you must log on with privileges to change the
system registry, normally as Administrator.

2. Make sure that no applications except Windows is running.


3. Insert the OMT32 disc in the CD-ROM drive (or disk 1 in the disk
drive if you prefer to install by using copied disks).
4. Select Run in the Start menu and type D:\OMT on the command
line (change the drive letter if not D). Or, you can click the Browse
button and select the omt.exe file.
When ready, click the OK button and confirm installation of the
OMT program.

5. In the Welcome dialog box, click the Next> button to proceed.


6. In the User Information dialog box, type your name and your
company name and click the Next> button.
7. In the Choose Destination Location dialog box, set the path for the
program folder. If you click the Browse button, you can choose an
existing folder.

Figure 2-1. Setup type

When ready, click the Next> button.

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8. In the Select Program Folder dialog box, choose the folder for the
OMT32 start icon to be placed in. A default folder is suggested.

Figure 2-2. Program folder

If you want OMT to start automatically, choose the Startup folder.


When ready, click the Next> button.
9. In the Start Copying Files dialog box, check if the entered
information is correct.

Figure 2-3. Entered setup information

You can change the information by clicking the <Back button.


When the information is correct, click the Next> button.
The OMT32 software is now installed on the computer.

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Installation OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

10. Enter your company and user name in the OMT Basic Parameters
dialog box.

Figure 2-4. OMT32 basic parameters

Use the <Tab> key or mouse to move between the fields.


The OMT32 main window and the log window default size can be set
as detailed below. This setting can be changed later.
Normal window means customized window size. If you move or
resize the window, then the new setting remains until you use the
Set default size option.
Minimized means iconized window (see the figure). To open a
minimized window, click the iconized program.
Maximized means full screen window size.
Set default size sets the main window to standard position and size.
When ready, click the Next> button.

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11. In the OMT Communication Parameters dialog box, set the


communication parameters for the OMT32.

Figure 2-5. Communication parameters

The below communication parameters are to be set. Note that all


these parameters can be changed later.

Select Modem port, i.e. the serial PC port which is intended to be


connected to the modem at remote control (see the figure).

Modem port Select Local port, i.e. the serial PC port which is intended to be
connected to the repeater port at local control (see the figure).
Modem speed reflects the transfer speed between OMT32 and the
modem at remote control (to be set to 9600 baud).
ALLGON

On the OMT phone number line, type the phone number to the
OMT32 modem. It is recommended not to type spaces, hyphens or
other characters, but numerals only.
Modem init string reflects the modem initiation string to be sent
Local port by OMT32 to the modem at remote control.

The default string is usable for most Hayes compatible modems.


When ready, click the Next> button.

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12. In the OMT Logfile Settings dialog box, select the OMT32 log file.

Figure 2-6. Log file settings

Log file in old catalog


The log file is further Shows the currently used log file. At upgrading to a new OMT
detailed on page 2-9. version, the old log file in the old program folder is shown.
By selecting this option, OMT32 will continue writing to this log file.
Log file in current catalog
Suggests a new log file in the current program folder. If OMT32
already uses a log file located in the current program folder, then this
path is the same as the above path.
When upgrading the OMT version, the suggested new log file can be
created by clicking the Create button, which appears if the suggested
log file does not exist (none is shown in the lines and chrs boxes).

A new log file with a different path or name can also be created by
clicking the Change button and selecting a new path or name.
Current length of selected log file
Selected log file size, in number of lines and characters, is shown in
the lines and chrs boxes. none is shown if the log file does not exist.
Log file actions
Selected log file can be cleared, edited or printed out using the Clear,
Edit, and Print buttons.

When ready, click the Finish button.

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13. If you want the OMT32 program to start after finishing the
installation, then check the Yes, Launch the program file box in the
Setup Complete dialog box before clicking the Finish button:

Figure 2-7. Installation completed

The OMT32 installation is now completed and a new program folder


is created (described on page 2-8).

IP Network Settings
To be able to access repeaters in an IP network from an OMT32 station
you have to perform the RAS settings found in the omt_ras.html file in
the Doc folder on the OMT32 CD-ROM.

The IP protocol and IP networks are described in Chapter 8, Network.

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Program Folder
A new OMT32 R2A program folder is created that looks like this:

Figure 2-8. OMT32 program folder

The program folder contains start icons for OMT32 and OMT setup.
The installation program cannot delete start icons from previous OMT
installations. So, if you have a previous installed OMT, then you have to
remove the program and the old start icons manually.

OMT32 Start Icon


OMT32 is started by clicking the OMT32 R2A start icon.

If you have placed the start icon in the Startup folder at the installation,
OMT32 will start automatically.
If you have not placed the start icon in the Startup folder during the
installation, you can move or create a new start shortcut for OMT32 and
move it to the Startup folder at any time by dragging and dropping.
A shortcut in the Desktop folder can also be very useful.
Information about creating and moving shortcuts is found in the Windows
manual.

OMT32 Setup Icon


You can change the OMT32 initial settings by starting the OMT32 setup
program. See the Initial OMT32 Settings section on page 2-10.

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Log File
The currently used log file is reflected in the Log file in old catalog field
in the OMT Logfile Settings dialog box (page 2-6). In this log file all
events are continuously logged. The text in this file is similar to the text
shown in the OMT32 Message Log window.
The log file is a plain text file which can be viewed, edited, printed out, or
cleared using a text editor or a word processor.
If the log file is deleted or removed, a new log file is created automatically
by the OMT32.

Log File Size


Events are continuously stored in the log file. When the file reaches a size
of 64KB, the operator will be alerted about the file size. This gives
opportunity to move or delete the log file.

Log File Name and Path


By default, the log file is located in the OMT32 program folder, which e.g.
can be C:\Program Files\Allgon\OMT32R2A.
The log file name is by default allgon.txt.
A new log file with a different name or path can, however, be set by
starting the OMT Setup (see the next section) and changing the log file
name or path in the OMT Logfile Settings dialog box (page 2-6).

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Initial OMT32 Settings


The OMT32 initial settings can be changed by using the OMT32 setup
program as follows:

1. Make sure that the OMT32 is not running.


2. Click the OMT32 Setup icon.

The Find OMT Installations dialog box is shown, which is used to


find OMT program files on the computer disks. This can e.g. be used
when removing an old OMT version from the system.

Figure 2-9. Locating OMT program files

To find Allgon OMT program files in the computer system, click the
Scan button. Check the Include Network Drivers box to search
also on connected network drives.

If you want to interrupt a search process, click the Break button.

The result is displayed as shown in Figure 2-9.


When ready, or if you do not want to use the search feature, click the
Next> button.
3. The OMT Basic Parameters dialog box is shown (see page 2-4). The
company and user name, and the window settings can be changed.

4. The OMT Communication Parameters dialog box is then shown (see


page 2-5). Modem and local ports, modem speed and initiation string,
and the OMT32 phone number can be changed.
5. Finally, the OMT Logfile Settings dialog box is shown (see page 2-6).
The log file can be selected in this box.
The setup program is then finished.

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Automatic OMT32 Recovery


For information about how to configure the system to recover
automatically after a system breakdown, e.g. after a power failure, refer to
the Windows manual.

Screen Saver
Some screen savers might have a disrupting effect on OMT32. To ensure
a proper OMT32 functionality, check the specific screen saver you intend
to use by running it while OMT32 is in operation.

Uninstalling OMT32
If you want to uninstall OMT32, use the Windows system feature that
removes the program files and program related files and information from
the system. This feature is available by selecting the Settings and
Control Panel and Add/Remove Programs in the Start menu.
The following software component is installed for OMT32 and is to be
removed:
OMT32
For further information about uninstalling programs, refer to the
Windows manual and on-line help.

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3. Help
There are two kinds of help for operating and configuring the OMT32.

On-line help as described below.


Manuals as hard-copy manuals or in PDF format, see the Manuals
section below.

On-Line Help
The following kinds of on-line help is available:
Help found in the Help menu.
Text-sensitive dialog box help.
Button hints.
Status bar help.

Help Menu
Help is found in the OMT32 main window by selecting the Help menu,
which contains a number of help options. This help is sorted by topics.
A word or phrase search feature is also available.

Dialog Box Help


There is a help button in most of the dialog boxes. This button opens a
help window containing an explanation of the dialog box items and other
information about the function.

F1 The help window can also be opened by pressing the <F1> key.

Button Hints
When the mouse pointer is placed over a button in the main window
button bar, a button hint is shown at the mouse pointer.

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Status Bar Help


The status bar at the bottom of the main window, see Figure 3-1, shows
some button and main menu information.

Figure 3-1. Status bar help

Manuals
The following manual is available for the OMT32 software:

OMT32, Users Manual (this manual).


Part # VD 203 65/EN (English version).
The following manuals are available for the Allgon repeater system:

AR Repeaters, Users Manual.


Part # VD 203 66/EN (English version).

ALR Compact Repeater, Users Manual.


Part # VD 203 67/EN (English version).

LinDAS, Installation Guide


Part # VD 205 03/EN (English version).

R2R, Repeater to Repeater Link Kit, Installation guide.


Part # VD 202 91/EN (English version).

Advanced Repeater OMS, Users Manual.


Part # VD 202 98/EN (English version).

All these manuals are found in the Doc folder on the OMT32 CD-ROM in
Acrobat PDF format. Acrobat Reader for PDF format can be downloaded
free from www.adobe.com.
Some of these manuals may also be available as hard-copy manuals.
Please, contact your nearest Allgon representative for further information
about available hard-copy manuals.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Getting Started

4. Getting Started
In this chapter you will find a description of how to get the OMT32
system in operation. The description comprises the OMT32 main window
and how to connect to repeaters, locally and remotely.
If the PC with the OMT32 software is not already connected to a repeater
or modem, then perform the preparation described below.

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Preparation
Prepare for either local or remote connection as described below.

Local Connection
If you intend to control a repeater locally, then make the following
preparations:
1. Connect a PC loaded with OMT32 to the repeater.

Use a serial cable and connect that COM port on the PC which was
ALLGON
selected for local connection during the OMT32 installation
(described in Chapter 2) to the repeater.
For further information about local connection to a repeater, refer to
the repeater manual.
2. Turn the repeater on.
3. Turn the PC on.

Remote Connection
If you intend to control a repeater remotely, then make the following
preparations:
1. Ensure that the PC with the OMT32 software is connected to a
modem.

2. Ensure that the repeater is on.


3. Turn the modem and PC on.

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Starting Up OMT32
Start the OMT32 by clicking the OMT32 icon.

When the OMT32 is running, the main window is shown, see below.

OMT32 Main Window


The OMT32 main window is shown in Figure 4-1.

Figure 4-1. OMT32 main window before logging on

The items in the OMT32 main window is detailed further on in this


chapter. Before that, there are some descriptions on how to connect
OMT32 to a repeater.

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Connecting and Logging On to a Repeater


The target repeater must be in operation when connecting to it.

Otherwise the OMT32 cannot receive requested information from the


repeater, such as the repeater type.

A steady yellow light on the repeater front indicates that the repeater is
in operation.

You can connect to a repeater in one of the following four different ways,
individually described on the following pages:
1. Local connection to a repeater with IP protocol, page 4-5.
2. Remote connection to a repeater with IP protocol, page 4-6.
3. Local connection to a repeater with SLW protocol, page 4-8.
4. Remote connection to a repeater with SLW protocol, page 4-9.
The difference between repeaters with IP protocol and repeaters with
SLW protocol is detailed in Chapter 8, Network.

Connecting to repeaters with IP protocol


To be able to access repeaters in an IP network from an OMT32 station
you have to perform the RAS settings found in the omt_ras.html file in
the Doc folder on the OMT32 CD-ROM.

The IP protocol and IP networks are described in Chapter 8, Network.

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Local IP Connection to a Repeater


Select this option if you want to connect to a repeater locally with a serial
cable (see page 4-2), either to a stand-alone repeater or to a repeater in an
IP network.

Click the local IP connection button or select the Connect option in the
Access menu and then the Local IP option.
A PPP user dialog box is shown.

Figure 4-2. PPP user name and password

Enter your PPP user name and password and click the OK button.
Further information about this dialog box is found on page 4-13.
If a New Phonebook Entry dialog box is shown, then the system setting is
not completed. Refer to the omt_ras.html file in the Doc folder on the
OMT32 CD-ROM.
A link is established and an IP logon box is shown.

Figure 4-3. IP logon

Select repeater node and click the Logon button. Further information
about this box is found on page 4-14.

The logon session is finished. See the main window on page 4-20.

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Remote IP Connection to a Repeater


Select this option if you want to connect to a repeater remotely via a
modem (see page 4-2), either to a stand-alone repeater or to a repeater in
an IP network.

Click the remote IP connection button or select the Connect option in


the Access menu and then the Remote IP option.
A dialing dialog box is shown.

Figure 4-4. Dialing repeater

Select repeater in this box and click the OK button. Further information
about this box is found on page 4-11.
A PPP user dialog box is shown.

Figure 4-5. PPP user name and password

Enter your PPP user name and password and click the OK button.
Further information about this dialog box is found on page 4-13.

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If a New Phonebook Entry dialog box is shown, then the system setting is
not completed. Refer to the omt_ras.html file in the Doc folder on the
OMT32 CD-ROM.
A link is established and an IP logon box is shown.

Figure 4-6. IP logon

Select repeater node and click the Logon button. Further information
about this box is found on page 4-14.
The logon session is finished. See the main window on page 4-20.

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Local SLW Connection to a Repeater


Select this option if you want to connect to a repeater locally with a serial
cable (see page 4-2), either to a stand-alone repeater or to a repeater in an
R2R network.

Click the local connection button or select the Connect option in the
Access menu and then the Local option.
A link is established and a stand-alone or R2R network repeater logon box
is shown.

Stand-alone repeater

Figure 4-7. Logging on a stand-alone repeater

Enter password and click the Logon button. Further information about
this box is found on page 4-16.
The logon session is finished. See the main window on page 4-20.

R2R network repeater

Figure 4-8. Logging on an R2R network repeater

Select repeater and click the Logon button. Further information about
this box is found on page 4-18.
The logon session is finished. See the main window on page 4-20.
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Remote SLW Connection to a Repeater


Select this option if you want to connect to a repeater remotely via a
modem (see page 4-2), either to a stand-alone repeater or to a repeater in
an R2R network.

Click the remote connection button or select the Connect option in the
Access menu and then the Remote option.
A dialing dialog box is shown.

Figure 4-9. Dialing repeater

Select repeater in this box and click the OK button. Further information
about this box is found on page 4-11.
A link is established and a stand-alone or R2R network repeater logon box
is shown.

Stand-alone repeater

Figure 4-10. Logging on a stand-alone repeater

Enter password and click the Logon button. Further information about
this box is found on page 4-16.
The logon session is finished. See the main window on page 4-20.

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R2R network repeater

Figure 4-11. Logging on an R2R network repeater

Select repeater and click the Logon button. Further information about
this box is found on page 4-18.
The logon session is finished. See the main window on page 4-20.

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Dialing Repeater Dialog Box


This dialing box is shown for both IP and SLW protocol at remote
connection.

Figure 4-12. Dialing repeater dialog box

Dialog box description:

Repeater ID
This option enables the repeater list containing repeater names and phone
numbers.
The repeaters in the list are sorted in alphabetic order.

Phone list file


Shows the file in which the repeater list with the phone numbers is stored.

Repeater Phone Number


Repeater phone numbers (area codes and phone numbers) to repeaters.

Phone number
By clicking this option, you can enter and use a second phone number to
the highlighted repeater, without changing the permanent number. To
reset to the first number, click the Repeater ID option.

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Ignore dialing properties


The dialing parameters set in the Remote Connection Parameters dialog
box (described in the Remote Connection section in Chapter 5) are ignored
at dialing, if this box is checked.

New
Click this button to add a new repeater to the list.

Edit
Click this button to edit the selected repeater name or phone number.

Delete
Click this button to delete the selected repeater from the list.

Replace File
By clicking this button, you can replace the repeater list file, if you e.g.
have upgraded the OMT32 or want to use a file from another system.

Merge File
By clicking this button, you can merge repeaters from another repeater
list to the current repeater list, which will then contain the repeaters
from both the lists.

Add
Click this button to replace the permanent phone number with the second
number (in the Phone number box) for the highlighted repeater.

Ok
To dial a repeater, select the line and click the Ok button. Or, you can
double-click the selected repeater line.

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IP Connect Dialog Box


This box is shown when a node in an IP network is to be connected.

Figure 4-13. IP connect dialog box

Dialog box description:

PPP User
Two PPP user names can be stored. Select the desired user name when
connecting to an IP network.

The selected PPP user name is deleted if you click the Delete button.

Password
Enter the password for the selected PPP user name.

OK
Click the OK button to connect to the IP network.

A link is established to the IP network and a node logon box is shown


(described on page 4-14).
If a New Phonebook Entry dialog box is shown, then the system setting is
not completed. Refer to the omt_ras.html file in the Doc folder on the
OMT32 CD-ROM.

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IP Logon Dialog Box


The following logon box is shown after establishing a connection to an IP
network gateway.

Figure 4-14. IP logon dialog box

Dialog box description:

Node Id
The repeater or FON name read from the EEPROM in the repeater or
FON unit.
Gateway indicates a repeater gateway node.

Type
Node type, which can be e.g.:
CHA for a channel selective repeater.
CSA for a channel selective CDMA or WCDMA repeater.
BSA for a band selective repeater.
BSC for a compact repeater.
FON for a Fiber Optic Node unit.

Address
The IP addresses to the nodes.

These addresses are only shown when making a local connection. At


remote connection, this column is not included in the box.

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Password
There are three logon levels. Each of which can have a unique password.
The logon levels are:
Full privileges
Read/Write privileges
Read privileges
The logon levels are further detailed in the Password and Callback
section in Chapter 6.

Logon
Click the Logon button to log on to the selected repeater.

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Stand-Alone Repeater Logon Dialog Box


This logon box is shown if a stand-alone SLW repeater is connected.

Figure 4-15. Stand-alone repeater logon dialog box

Dialog box description:

Repeater
The name of the connected repeater.

Password
There are three logon levels. Each of which can have a unique password.
The logon levels are:
Full privileges
Read/Write privileges
Read privileges
The logon levels are further detailed in the Password and Callback
section in Chapter 6.

Logon by callback
If you intend to log on with a password that requires callback, just check
this box.
The repeater will then call you back, provided that your phone number is
included in the Repeater Callback Numbers list (in the repeater) and in
the Remote Connection Parameters field (in the OMT32).
After being called back, the logon dialog box is shown again and you can
type the password and log on as described above.
The callback feature is further detailed in the Password and Callback
section in Chapter 6.
Callback is not available for local connection.

Logon
Click the Logon button to log on to the repeater.

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Old repeaters
If you log on to a repeater that has an R1x version of the CU software, no
password is required. If this is the case, you can log on by simply clicking
the Logon button.

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R2R Network Logon Dialog Box


This logon box is shown when a repeater in an R2R network is connected.

Figure 4-16. R2R network logon dialog box

Dialog box description:

NID
Indicates the network ID number.

Status
Shows current status for each repeater.
Gateway indicates a repeater node with an RCU or an RCC modem.
Logged on indicates that you are logged on to the repeater node.
Busy indicates that there is someone else logged on to the node.

Password
There are three logon levels. Each of which can have a unique password.
The logon levels are:
Full privileges
Read/Write privileges
Read privileges
The logon levels are further detailed in the Password and Callback
section in Chapter 6.

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Logon by callback
If you intend to log on with a password that requires callback, just check
this box.
The repeater will then call you back, provided that your phone number is
included in the Repeater Callback Numbers list (in the repeater) and in
the Remote Connection Parameters field (in the OMT32).
After being called back, the logon dialog box is shown again and you can
type the password and log on as described above.
The callback feature is further detailed in the Password and Callback
section in Chapter 6.

Logon
Click the Logon button to log on to the selected repeater.

Old repeaters
If you log on a repeater that has a R1x version of the CU software, no
password is required. If this is the case, you can log on by simply clicking
the Logon button.

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Main Window After Logon


After logging on, the main window is shown with all features accessible.
The CSel/BSel button is, however, active only if a combined channel/band
selective repeater is connected.
The main window looks like this:

Figure 4-17. OMT32 main window after logging on

The OMT32 main window can be enlarged to full screen size by clicking
the top right button, if shaped like this.
Switch to customized window size by clicking the same button, if shaped
like this.
To minimize the window, click this button.

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Status Bar
The status bar at the bottom left of the main window shows context
sensitive information when the mouse pointer is over the button bar, or
when a main menu option is pulled down.
When the mouse pointer is not over the button bar, the status bar shows
connection status.

If OMT32 is not connected to a repeater, then the status bar text reads
No repeater connected like this:

After logging on a repeater, the status bar indicates connected repeater


type. If a combined channel/band selective repeater is connected, active
part is also indicated like this:

Message Log
The message log contains all commands and OMT32 actions in
chronological order since the OMT32 was last started.
The message log can be printed out by selecting the Print Message Log
option in the File menu.

Main menu and button bar


From the OMT32 main window you have access to all features, which can
be selected in the following ways:

1. By clicking the buttons in the button bar. The most frequently used
commands have buttons.

2. By selecting from the main menu. A reference guide, containing all


the main menus, is found in Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide.
3. By selecting from the main menu using the <Alt> key and the
underlined menu letter simultaneously, e.g. <Alt> + A and o gives
the Logoff command in the Access menu.
4. By using the short key commands indicated in the main menus,
e.g. <F2> gives the Connect command in the Access menu.
5. By typing the commands using the Command Line Interface (see
below).

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Getting Started OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Command Line Interface


Some commands can be entered using the Command Line Interface, CLI.

The CLI is accessible by clicking the icon shown in the main window, or
by selecting the Command Line Interface option in the Advanced
menu.

Further information about this feature is found in the Command Line


Interface section in Chapter 5.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 OMT32 Features

5. OMT32 Features
This chapter describes features related to the OMT32 program and its
operation, i.e. OMT32 preferences and features that can be performed
without connecting to a repeater. Operations that require connection to a
repeater are found in Chapter 6, Repeater Operations.
The following descriptions are included in this chapter:

Connection parameters, page 5-2.


CLI, Command Line Interface, page 5-6.
Cellular calculator, page 5-10.
OMT32 version, page 5-11.
Exiting OMT32, page 5-12.

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OMT32 Features OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Connection Parameters
In this section you will find the following information about how to set
connection parameters for OMT32 and the OMT32 modem:

PC serial port for local connection.


PC serial port, phone number and PC modem initiation string for
remote connection.

Connecting to repeaters with IP protocol


To be able to access repeaters in an IP network from an OMT32 station
you have to perform the RAS settings found in the omt_ras.html file in
the Doc folder on the OMT32 CD-ROM.

The IP protocol and IP networks are described in Chapter 8, Network.

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Local Connection
The PC serial port intended to be used for local connection to repeaters
can be selected as described below.
ALLGON
Select the Local Connection option in the OMT Preferences menu.

The Local Connection Parameters dialog box, see Figure 5-1, is opened.

Figure 5-1. Local connection port

In the Communication port box, select COM port for local connection.
Click the Ok button.

The local connection port can also be set in the OMT32 setup program
(see the Initial OMT32 Settings section in Chapter 2).

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OMT32 Features OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Remote Connection
Remote connection parameters, such as COM port, phone number, modem
initiation string, and dialing properties can be set as described below.

Select the Remote Connection option in the OMT Preferences menu.

A dialog box for remote connection parameters is opened.

Figure 5-2. Remote connection parameters

The settings in the upper part of this dialog box can also be made in the
OMT32 setup program (described in Chapter 2).

OMT phone number


The phone number to the OMT32 PC modem.
To be able to use passwords with callback, the phone number in this field
must correspond, character by character, to the callback number stored in
the repeater.
Callback is described in the Password and Callback section in Chapter 6.

OMT modem init string


The initiation string to the PC modem. The default modem initiation
string is: ATQ0&S0

Communication port
PC serial port for remote control via modem.

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Speed
Modem transfer speed (baud rate) in bps (bits per second) for the PC
modem. Default speed is 9600.

Dialing Properties
Dialing properties for dialing from repeaters to OMT32 and the other way
round, i.e. from OMT32 to repeaters.
Parameters for calling repeaters can be ignored at dialing by checking the
Ignore dialing properties box in the Dial Repeater dialog box (described in
the Dialing Repeater Dialog Box section in Chapter 4).

Area code
Area code to the place where the OMT32 is located. Enter the local area
prefix, if applicable.
This area code will be used by repeaters when dialing OMT32, if dialing
from other areas.

Country code
The country code to the place where the OMT32 is located. Enter the
country prefix, if applicable.
This country code will be used by repeaters when dialing OMT32, if
dialing from abroad.

Outside line prefix, local


The prefix to get the line where the OMT32 is located. A common prefix
for companies is 0 to get through the switchboard.
This prefix will be used by OMT32 when dialing repeaters.

Long distance
Prefix to be used for long distance call, e.g. any long distance block code,
etc. Enter also the prefix to get the line where the OMT32 is located (the
same as the previous code) if this also is to be used. This field will thus
include the complete code required to make a long distance call.
This code will be used by OMT32 when dialing repeaters in other areas.

Dialing method
Select either Tone dial or Pulse dial for dialing OMT32. Pulse dial is
sometimes used in old switch systems.

The dialing method will be used by repeaters when dialing OMT32.

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OMT32 Features OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Command Line Interface


The Command Line Interface, CLI, is provided as a quick way of
communicating with a connected repeater. Rather than using the normal
Windows dialog boxes the user can interact with the repeater more
directly.
The Command Line Interface feature does not check whether entered
values are within permitted ranges or not. So, you MUST know the system
very well to set gain and power levels using the Command Line Interface.
The CLI provides several advantages:

Users accustomed to a keyboard based operating system do not have to


adjust immediately to an entirely novel system.

Single parameters can be set.


Without touching the mouse, the experienced user can perform
operations quicker.

Using the CLI prevents the screen from getting clogged up with lots of
windows.
If the CLI is iconized, then double-click the Command Line Interface icon
or select the Command Line Interface option in the Advanced menu.

Commands can be entered on the command line like this:

By clicking the last entered commands can be reselected, edited and


entered again.
A command list with command syntax is found below.

Command Syntax
The following command syntax is valid for the Command Line Interface:
MAIN_COMMAND-SUB_COMMAND [:PAR1, PAR2, ...];
Note that each command must be ended with a semicolon (;).

If a command is entered with an incorrect syntax, an error message with


a mismatch explanation is shown.

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Command List
Main Command Command/Parameter/Sample Description

ALARM ALARM-RESET Resets alarms in the repeater.


Alarm handling. Ex.: ALARM-RESET;

BSA BSA-AGC Uplink or downlink Automatic Gain Control on/off.


Band selective Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
parameter. Parameter 2: ON/OFF Automatic Gain Control on/off.
Ex.: BSA-AGC: D, OFF; Downlink AGC off.

BSA-BSEL Turns band selective part on/off.


Parameter: ON/OFF Band selective part on/off.
Ex.: BSA-BSEL: OFF Band selective part off.

BSA-FREQ Uplink or downlink frequency.


Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 2: value Frequency in MHz (in 12.5KHz steps).
Ex.: BSA-FREQ: UP, 890.5; Uplink frequency 890.5 MHz.

BSA-GAIN Uplink or downlink gain.


Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 2: value Gain value.
Ex.: BSA-GAIN: DOWN, 36; Downlink gain 36dB.

BSA-PAON Uplink or downlink PA board on/off.


Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 2: ON/OFF PA board on/off.
Ex.: BSA-PAON: UP, OFF; Uplink PA off.

BSA-WIDTH Sets the bandwidth (provided the HW supports it).


Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 2: value Bandwidth in Hz.
Ex.: BSA-WIDTH: U,17300000 Uplink bandwidth 17.3MHz

MRX MRX-AGC Uplink or downlink Automatic Gain Control on/off.


Measurement receiver Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
commands. Parameter 2: ON/OFF Automatic Gain Control on/off.
Ex.: MRX-AGC: D, OFF; Downlink AGC off.

OM OM-EXIT Exits the OMT32 program.


General OMT32 Parameter: [NOW] No confirmation.
commands. Ex.: OM-EXIT; Exit after confirmation.
Ex.: OM-EXIT: NOW; Exit without confirmation.

OM-HELP Displays the Command Line Interface online help.


Ex.: OM-HELP;

OM-NOPROTO Sets no protocol mode on/off. No protocol mode is used


for repeaters with old CU software (SA102 01/1 or
SA102 01/2 R1x).
Parameter: ON/OFF/? Protocol mode on/off. ? displays current mode.
Ex.: OM-NOPROTO:OFF; Protocol mode off.

OM-TIME Opens the repeater Date and Time dialog box.


Ex.: OM-TIME;

OM-VER Displays the OMT32 version information.


Ex.: OM-VER;

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Main Command Command/Parameter/Sample Description

PAR PAR-AGC Uplink or downlink Automatic Gain Control on/off.


Parameters and Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
repeater ID. Parameter 2: ON/OFF Automatic Gain Control on/off.
Ex.: PAR-AGC: D,OFF; Downlink AGC off.

PAR-CHACT Turns a repeater channel on/off.


Parameter 1: ON/OFF Repeater channel number (1 4).
Parameter 2: ON/OFF Channel on/off.
Ex.: PAR-CHACT: 3, ON; Repeater channel 3 on.

PAR-CHAN Links a repeater channel to a GSM/CDMA channel.


Parameter 1: # Repeater channel number (1 4).
Parameter 2: # GSM/CDMA channel number.
Ex.: PAR-CHAN: 2, 116; Repeater channel 2 is linked to GSM/CDMA channel 116.

PAR-COMBATT Uplink/downlink combiner attenuation.


Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 2: value Combiner attenuation value.
Ex.: PAR-COMBATT: U, 6; Uplink combiner attenuation 6dBm.

PAR-GAIN Uplink or downlink channel gain.


Parameter 1: # Repeater channel number (1 4).
Parameter 2: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 3: value Gain value.
Ex.: PAR-GAIN: 4, D, 34; Repeater channel 4 downlink 34dB gain.

PAR-INATT Input attenuation.


Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 2: value Attenuation in dB (0 or 6).
Ex.: PAR-INATT: U,6; Uplink attenuation 6dB.

PAR-MPC Maximum output power.


Parameter 1: U[P]/D[OWN] Uplink/Downlink.
Parameter 2: value Maximum power in dBm.
Ex.: PAR-MPC:U,30; Uplink maximum power 30dBm.

PAR-REPID Connected repeater is assigned a new ID string.


Parameter: string ID for the connected repeater.
Ex.: PAR-REPID: new; Connected repeater ID = new
Note that the ID string will be truncated at the first
occurring space.

REP REP-SW Repeater CU software maintenance command.


Repeater CU Parameter 1: CLEARERR/ Clears the error counter for a specified CU application.
commands. STATUS/CUTYPE/FSIZE See below.
Parameter 2 (for CLEARERR): 1/2 Application # for CLEARERR.
Ex. 1: REP-SW: CLEARERR: 1; Clears the error counter for SW1.
Ex. 2: REP-SW: STATUS; Displays the SW1 and SW2 status.
Ex. 3: REP-SW: CUTYPE; Displays the CU type (currently K103/1 or K103/2).
Ex. 4: REP-SW: FSIZE; Displays the size of the SW bank memory (64k or 128k).

REP-TP Displays a repeater testpoint.


Parameter 1: unit Testpoint unit, which can be 0 or CU for the CU unit
and 1 8 for CHA/BSA/CSA board 1 8.
Parameter 2: # Testpoint number (1 254).
Ex. 1: REP-TP: CU,37; Displays the mobile phone battery status.
Ex. 2: REP-TP: CU,98 Displays the number of error resets for SW1.
Ex. 3: REP-TP: CU,99; Displays the number of error resets for SW2.

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Main Command Command/Parameter/Sample Description

USR USR-CONNECT Command for connecting to a stand-alone or R2R


network repeater.
User commands. Parameter: LOCAL/REMOTE Local or remote connection.
Ex.: USR-CONNECT:REMOTE; Opens the Dial Repeater dialog box for remote connection.

USR-LGI Repeater logon.


Ex.: USR-LGI

USR-LGO Repeater logoff.


Ex.: USR-LGO

USR-LOGGED Displays a repeater logon list.


Ex.: USR-LOGGED

TIME TIME-WRD Date setting.


Internal repeater clock Parameter: YYYY-MM-DD-WW[W...] Year-Month-Day-Weekday.
date and time. Ex.: TIME-WRD: 2001-11-09-FRI; Date set to 2001-11-09, Friday.

TIME-WRT Time setting.


Parameter: HH.MM.SS Hour-Minute-Second.
Ex.: TIME-WRT: 13.25.30; Time set to 13:25:30.

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OMT32 Features OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Cellular Calculator
A calculator for channel data is included in the OMT32. This calculator is
intended to be a help for cell planning work.
Open the calculator by selecting the Cellular Calculator option in the
Help menu.

Figure 5-3. Cellular channel calculator

The calculator shows channel data for various cellular systems and
channels as follows:
1. Select the desired system in the left box.
2. Select channel number in the right box.
3. Click the Ok button.

The channel data is shown for the selected system and channel.

In this system, the channel selective 900, 1800, and 1900 systems are
called GSM, DCS and PCS respectively. These systems may, however,
have different names in different parts of the world.

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OMT32 Version
An information box with the registered OMT32 holder and the OMT32
part number and version can be shown by selecting the About option in
the Help menu.

Figure 5-4. OMT32 version

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OMT32 Features OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Exiting OMT32
You can exit OMT32 in many different ways:

Click the exit button.

Alt F4 Press <Alt>+<F4> simultaneously (or <Alt>+F+X).

Double-click the close box in the upper left corner of the main
window.

Click the close box in the upper right corner of the main window.

Select the Exit option in the File menu.


If you are currently logged on a repeater, you will be logged off prior to
exiting the OMT32.
All the exit options above will open the same Quit OMT32 dialog box:

Figure 5-5. Exiting OMT32

Click the Yes button to exit OMT32.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Repeater Operations

6. Repeater Operations
This chapter describes features related to repeaters, i.e. features that
require a repeater logon (described in Chapter 4, Getting Started).
Operations related to the OMT32 and its operation is found in Chapter 5,
OMT32 Features.
Before the descriptions of the repeater operation, there is information
about operational data in general, including modifying operational
repeater data and swapping between active repeater parts.
The following descriptions are included in this chapter:

Operational traffic related repeater data


Operational data in general, page 6-2.
Repeater configuration, page 6-4.
Operational status, page 6-17.
MRX, Measurement receiver, page 6-33
Traffic statistics, page 6-45.

Repeater hardware and software


Repeater subunit revisions, page 6-47.
Repeater software configuration, page 6-48.

Access
Password and callback, page 6-54.
Login registry, page 6-57.

Miscellaneous
Repeater modem parameters, page 6-58.
Repeater ID, page 6-60.
Repeater date and time, page 6-61.
Notepad, page 6-62.
Logging off, page 6-62.

All alarm handling is excluded from this chapter. The alarm handling is
described in Chapter 7, Alarms and Events.

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Repeater Operations OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Operational Data in General


In this section, you will find some useful information about how to
handling the operational data, including:

Information about what happens when modifying operational repeater


data.

How to switch between active repeater parts when operating


combi-repeaters.

Modifying Operational Data


Changing operational data is carried out by changing data in the
operational dialog boxes and clicking the Update button.
When the Update button is activated, all data from the dialog box is
downloaded to the repeater. Changed data as well as unchanged data is
downloaded.

Then, all fields in the dialog box are blanked whereupon they are updated
with data read from the repeater.
This procedure ensures that the information shown on the monitor
corresponds to the information in the repeater.
The status window and the testpoint window are, however, continuously
updated with a time interval of 2 seconds.

This time interval is the reason to why it sometimes takes a few seconds
for these windows to be updated.

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Active Repeater Part (Combined Repeaters Only)


If the connected repeater is a combined channel/band selective repeater,
you can swap between the channel selective and the band selective part.
Current active part status can be read either on the button bar at the
upper part of the main window, or on the status bar at the left bottom of
the main window:

There are three ways of swapping active repeater part:


1. Select the Repeater Type option in the Repeater Preferences
menu and click the Change button. This option gives also
information about current active part:

Figure 6-1. Active repeater part

2. Select Active Repeater Part in the Operations menu.

3. Click the BSel/CSel button.

Channel and band selective specific windows are changed when swapping
between active repeater part.

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Repeater Configuration
The purpose of channel selective repeater configuration is to set channel
numbers, gain and combiner attenuation. For band selective repeaters,
gain and frequency band edges are set.
To open the configuration window, click the configuration button or select
the Configuration option in the Operations menu.

If you are connected to a combined channel/band selective repeater, then


you can swap between channel selective active part and band selective
active part (described on page 6-3).
You can make changes in most of the configuration window fields.

Modifications made in the configuration windows are downloaded to the


repeater by clicking the Update button.
Values out of range are not accepted. An input error message is shown to
inform about invalid values.

Figure 6-2. Invalid input value

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Configuration descriptions
Configuration descriptions for the various repeater types are found on the
following pages:
Channel selective GSM repeater, page 6-6.
Channel selective CDMA and WCDMA repeater, page 6-8.
Band selective repeater, page 6-11.
Fiber optical unit, page 6-13.
DMB repeaters, page 6-15.

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Channel Selective GSM Repeater

Figure 6-3. Channel selective GSM configuration

The upper part of the configuration window contains settings that affects
all the channels. This includes combiner attenuation, max. power and
input attenuation. The lower Channels part of the window contains
individual channel settings.
Field description:

Combiner attenuation
Attenuation in the uplink (BS) and downlink (MS) combiners. The
following values should be used:
0dB for 2 channels, channel selective operation only.
3dB for 4 channels, channel selective operation only.
3dB for 2 channels, channel selective + band selective operation.
6dB for 4 channels, channel selective + band selective operation.

Max channel power


Sets the maximum output channel power for uplink and downlink
signaling (not supported by all repeater hardware versions).

Input attenuation
To be able to decrease very high antenna input signal strength, uplink
and downlink signal inputs can be 6dB attenuated.
Click and select 0dB or 6dB attenuation.

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Channels Active
By clicking this box, the channel is toggled between active (
) and inactive
().

Channel number
Channel number that can be selected within a range limited by the
system and the repeater boards.

Downlink CHA
The channel board position numbers in the repeater cabinet and the
internal channels on the boards.
1:1 = CHA1, board position 1 in the cabinet, internal board channel 1.
1:2 = CHA1, board position 1 in the cabinet, internal board channel 2.
2:1 = CHA2, board position 2 in the cabinet, internal board channel 1.
2:2 = CHA2, board position 2 in the cabinet, internal board channel 2.

Downlink Gain(dB)
The gain in the downlink signal path.
Setting range: 45dB to 90dB
To set the gain for all the channels to the same value as shown on the
first line, click the adjacent button.
Individual channel board gain calibration may affect the setting range.

Uplink CHA
The channel board position numbers in the repeater cabinet and the
internal channels on the boards.
3:1 = CHA3, board position 3 in the cabinet, internal board channel 1.
3:2 = CHA3, board position 3 in the cabinet, internal board channel 2.
4:1 = CHA4, board position 4 in the cabinet, internal board channel 1.
4:2 = CHA4, board position 4 in the cabinet, internal board channel 2.

Uplink Gain(dB)
The gain in the uplink signal path.

Setting range: 45dB to 90dB


To set the gain for all the channels to the same value as shown on the
first line, click the adjacent button.
Individual channel board gain calibration may affect the setting range.

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Channel Selective CDMA and WCDMA Repeater


This section describes a CDMA repeater. The description is, however,
applicable also to a WCDMA repeater.

Figure 6-4. Channel selective CDMA configuration

The upper part of the configuration window contains settings that affects
all the channels. This includes combiner attenuation, max. power and
input attenuation. The lower CDMA Channels part contains individual
channel settings.
Field description:

Combiner attenuation
Attenuation in the uplink (BS) and downlink (MS) combiners. The
following value should be used:
0dB for 2 channels, CDMA operation only.

Input attenuation
To be able to decrease high antenna input signal strength, uplink and
downlink signal inputs can be attenuated by 6dB.
Click and select 0dB to 6dB (or 0dB to 21dB) attenuation.
Input attenuation is implemented on repeaters running the R1B version or
higher of the CU software.

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Max output power


Sets the maximum output power for uplink and downlink signaling.

CDMA Channels Active


By clicking this box, the CDMA channel is toggled between active (
) and
inactive ().

Channel number
CDMA channel number that can be selected within a range limited by the
system and the repeater boards.

Downlink CSA#
The channel board position numbers in the repeater cabinet and cover.
This table shows the normal positions (may vary).
1:1 = CSA1, board position 1 in the cabinet, internal board channel 1.
1:2 = CSA1, board position 1 in the cabinet, internal board channel 2.
5:1 = CSA5, board position 5 in the cover, internal board channel 1.
5:2 = CSA5, board position 5 in the cover, internal board channel 2.

Downlink Gain(dB)
The gain in the downlink signal path.
Setting range: 45dB to 90dB
To set the gain for all the channels to the same value as shown on the
first line, click the adjacent button.

Uplink CSA#
The channel board position numbers in the repeater cabinet and cover.
This table shows the normal positions (may vary).
3:1 = CSA3, board position 3 in the cabinet, internal board channel 1.
3:2 = CSA3, board position 3 in the cabinet, internal board channel 2.
7:1 = CSA7, board position 7 in the cover, internal board channel 1.
7:2 = CSA7, board position 7 in the cover, internal board channel 2.

Uplink Gain(dB)
The gain in the uplink signal path.
Setting range: 45dB to 90dB
To set the gain for all the channels to the same value as shown on the
first line, click the adjacent button.
Individual channel board gain calibration may affect the setting range.

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Allow non-preferred CDMA channels


When this box is unchecked, only preferred CDMA channels can be
selected.
By checking this box, non-preferred CDMA channels can be selected.

Gain reduction alarm enable


To keep the specified Max output power at increasing input signal
strength (RSSI), the Used gain is decreased below Gain set to, see
Figure 6-5.

RSSI

Gain set to Gain reduction alarm


Used gain
Max output power
Output power

Figure 6-5. Gain reduction alarm

The gain reduction is indicated by the difference between the Used gain
and Gain set to values in the status window (page 6-24), and by the text
Gain reduced in the AGC status field in the same window.

When the difference between the Gain set to value and the Used gain
value exceeds the value set in the limit field and the check box for the
Gain reduction alarm enable is checked, then an alarm is generated.

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Band Selective Repeater

Figure 6-6. Band selective configuration

The left part of the configuration window contains downlink information


and the right part uplink information.
The downmost line indicates current bandwidth and the bandwidth status
(fixed or settable).

Fixed bandwidth
For repeaters that have fixed bandwidth, the following three fields are
changeable:
Downlink: Gain
Uplink: Set low band edge
Gain
The values in the remaining fields are automatically calculated from the
bandwidth and the uplink/downlink duplex spacing.

Settable bandwidth
For repeaters equipped with BSA boards which can handle settable
bandwidth, the uplink Set high band edge field is also available and can
be changed.
Figure 6-6 shows a repeater with settable bandwidth.

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Field description:

Band selective repeater


The band selective repeater, or the band selective part of a combined
repeater, can be turned on/off by clicking this box.
The PA boards and the AGC (Automatic Gain Control) are turned off
when the band selective repeater is switched off.

Downlink Low band edge


Displays the downlink low band edge related to the uplink low band edge.
The difference is depending on the system duplex spacing.

High band edge


The downlink high band edge related to the bandwidth.

Gain
The maximum downlink gain, i.e. the total gain from antenna port to
antenna port.
Setting range: 45dB to 90dB

Uplink Set low band edge


The lower band edge for the uplink signal. The band edge frequency can
be increased or decreased by clicking the arrow buttons. The frequency is
changed in 12.5KHz steps. Values can be typed into the field as well.
Setting range for this field is depending on the system and BSA boards.

Set high band edge


For fixed BSA boards, this field displays the uplink high band edge related
to the bandwidth. This band edge cannot be changed solely.
For adjustable BSA boards, this field is changeable and affects thus the
uplink high band edge and thereby the bandwidth.

Gain
The maximum uplink gain, i.e. the total gain from antenna port to
antenna port.

Setting range: 45dB to 90dB

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Fiber Optical Unit


This section describes the FON (Fiber Optic Node) board in the FOU
(Fiber Optic Unit).

Figure 6-7. Fiber optical configuration

The upper part of the dialog box contains information about the entire
FON board. In the middle part of the box, the receiving and transmitting
information is separated.
Field description:

Fiber Optical Enable


Checking this box means that the optical transmitter and receiver (laser
diode and optical detector diode) on the FON board will be in operation.
Unchecked box means that the FON board is not in operation in the fiber
optic network.

Fiber Optical Powersave Enable


Checking this box means that the RF and optical parts are turned off if a
power supply fault occurs and an alarm has been sent. It means also that
the internal battery backup on the FON board is used to increase the
operating time during an external power failure.
It is recommended to uncheck this box for a master FON unit, making it
possible for connected slave units to transmit alarms during a supply
power loss.

Receiver type
Indicates the type of the optical detector diode.

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Repeater Operations OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Rx Warning lvl
Optical signal strength level for alarm. If not suppressed, a Warning
alarm will be issued if the received optical power falls below this level.

Rx Error lvl
Optical signal strength level for alarm. If not suppressed, an Error alarm
will be issued if the received optical power falls below this level.
The level for Error alarm should be set below (more negative than) the
level for Warning alarm.
The valid range for both Warning and Error alarm receiver levels are
hardware dependent. A typical range is 20dBm to 0dBm optical power.

Suppress Rx alarms
Checking this box means that alarms due to low received optical signal
strength will be suppressed.

Rx Att
Adjustable RF attenuation in the receiver part.

Transmitter type
Indicates the type of the optical transmitter diode.
This setting affects also the sub carrier signal level.

Tx wavelength
Wavelength in nanometers of the laser diode. This information can be
important if two or more transmitters share an optical fiber (two of more
laser diodes with the same wavelength make a risk of interference).

Low power Tx
Checking this box means that the optical transmitter laser diode operates
in a low power mode, which can be used if the optical path loss is low.
If this mode is set, a Warning alarm with the following text is displayed:
Reduced laser power. Nodes may be unreachable via optical network!

Fixed attenuation
Fixed RF attenuation in the transmitter part.

Tx Att
Adjustable RF attenuation in the transmitter part.

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DMB Repeaters
This section describes the DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) L-band
repeaters.

Figure 6-8. DMB configuration

The upper part of the configuration window contains settings that affects
all the channels. This includes combiner attenuation, input attenuation
and max. total power. The lower DMB frequency & gain part contains
individual channel settings.
Field description:

Combiner attenuation
Downlink combiner attenuation.
Setting range: 0dB to 3dB.

Input attenuation
To be able to decrease high antenna input signal strength, the downlink
signal input can be attenuated by 6dB.

Click and select 0dB or 6dB attenuation.

Max total power


Maximum downlink power.
Setting range: 25dBm to 36dBm.

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Active
By clicking this box, the channel is toggled between active (
) and inactive
().

Center freq. MHz


Center frequencies in MHz, which should be set within the frequency
range 1452.960MHz to 1490.624MHz with 16kHz resolution. This is
specified in the ETS300401 specification.

Block
If the frequency is set to an assigned center frequency, then the block
number is shown.

Gain dB
The downlink gain.
Setting range: 40dB to 90dB.

To set the gain for all the channels to the same value as shown on the
first line, click the adjacent button.

Gain reduction alarm enable


Checking this box means that the output gain can be decreased in order
to keep the specified max output power at increasing input signal.
An alarm is generated if the gain is decreased.
The gain reduction function described for the channel selective CDMA
repeater on page 6-10 is applicable also to the DMB repeater.

limit
See the description for the channel selective CDMA repeater on page 6-10.
Setting range: 0dB to 30dB (0 suppresses the alarm).

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Repeater Operations

Operational Status
Operational status shows mainly values set and values measured in the
repeater.
To open the operational status window, click the status button or select
the Read Status option in the Operations menu.

If you are connected to a combined channel/band selective repeater, then


you can swap between channel selective active part and band selective
active part (described on page 6-3).
You can only read from the status windows (no changes can be done).

Operational status descriptions


Operational status descriptions for the various repeater types are found
on the following pages:
Channel selective GSM repeater, page 6-18.
Channel selective CDMA and WCDMA repeater, page 6-24.
Band selective repeater, page 6-27.
Fiber optical unit, page 6-29.
DMB repeaters, page 6-30.

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Repeater Operations OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Channel Selective GSM Repeater

Figure 6-9. Channel selective GSM status

The status window shows continuously updated operational status for the
selected repeater.

Select channel by clicking a button in the Select GSM Channel button


bar. Below the channel button bar, the information is specific to the
selected channel.
Field description:

Common Status Input attenuation


Uplink (MS) and downlink (BS) input signal attenuation.

Alarm Level
This field shows the text NONE when there is no active alarm. The alarm
level is shown if an alarm is active. Alarm and alarm levels are further
detailed in the Alarm Overview section in Chapter 7.

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Button bar Select GSM Channel


You can select GSM channel to be shown by clicking the corresponding
button in this button bar. Those channel numbers which were selected in
the configuration window (page 6-6) are shown on the buttons.
Only CHA boards present in the repeater are shown with button
numbers. CHA boards not present are shown as non-numbered buttons.

Specific Status Active GSM channel


Selected channel number for which the specific information is shown.

Mode
The current operational mode, which can be:

START UP System startup. Normal startup time is 10 20 seconds


after the mains is switched on.

OPERATE Selected channel is in operation.

BLOCK Selected channel is not in operation. An error may have


occurred.

OFF Selected channel is set to inactive in the configuration


window (page 6-6).

Gain set to
Uplink and downlink gain set in the configuration window (page 6-6).

Control to
Calculated uplink and downlink setpoint values based on the values in the
Gain set to field. Normally, they coincide with the Gain set to values.

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Used gain
Actual momentary gain for the uplink and downlink transmission.

The gain may differ from the setpoint value due to poor antenna isolation.
An antenna isolation test feature regulates the gain as follows:

After powering up, resetting or updating, the gain is increased to


13dB above the Control to level (see Figure 6-10).

93dB

Control to 80dB

Figure 6-10. Antenna isolation margin test

The purpose of this 13dB over-gain is to test if there is a 13dB


antenna isolation margin. The gain increase can be seen in the
Control to and Used gain fields.

If no instability due to poor antenna isolation is detected during the


antenna isolation test, the gain is decreased to the Control to level
after 30 sec.

Instability 85dB
Control to 80dB
72dB

60 min.

Figure 6-11. Gain regulation at poor antenna isolation

If instability due to poor antenna isolation is detected during the


antenna isolation test, the gain is decreased to a level 13dB below the
lowest detected poor antenna isolation level (see Figure 6-11).
Warning alarm is activated when instability is detected and Ceasing
when the instability has ceased.

The decreased gain level is kept for the next 60 minutes. Then, a new
antenna isolation margin test is performed.

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Output gain regulation is performed as soon as poor antenna isolation is


detected during operation.
If instability due to poor antenna isolation is detected at the lowest
output gain, the channel is blocked and BLOCK mode is indicated in the
status window. Error alarm is activated when instability is detected and
Ceasing when the instability has ceased.
A constant CW signal in the GSM frequency band is a jammer which
may be harmful to the cellular system. A BTS might, in worst case, be
disabled. The Allgon repeaters detect, however, strong CW signals. If a
constant CW signal is detected (channel board test point Power 1 or
Power 2 >27dBm), the channel is blocked and BLOCK mode is indicated
in the status window. Error alarm is activated when the channel is
blocked and Ceasing when the blocking has ceased.
Antenna isolation test and CW signal strength test are performed in the
uplink path. Gain regulation is then performed for uplink as well as
downlink using the uplink levels.

Antenna isolation test is a valuable feature to reveal isolation


problems when installing repeaters. Also, it is very useful when
making site specific repeater adjustments such as antenna
configuration (i.e. donor and service antenna vertical and horizontal
positions, beam alignment, and gain). The antenna isolation test is
also useful to reveal other environmental problems that must be
considered, e.g. reflections from buildings, masts, traffic, etc.
After performing the antenna isolation test, set the repeater gain
(Gain set to) to the value obtained (13dB under the instability level).
The repeater will then work with a safe gain margin to avoid
instability.
It is not recommended to use the repeater isolation test in an
instable environment to automatically and continuously adjust the
gain from the gain set by the operator.

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Output power
Measured output power level at the uplink (BS) and downlink (MS)
antenna connectors for the selected GSM channel.
Shows for power levels less than 1dBm.

The accuracy is better than 2dB.

RSSI max
The strongest input time slot signal level during 2 seconds (see
Figure 6-12), individually displayed for uplink and downlink signaling.

Input time slot signal levels


1 8
RSSI max

RSSI min

2 seconds

Figure 6-12. RSSI max and RSSI min

Shows > if the signal level is above the measuring range.


Shows < if the signal level is below the measuring range.
The measuring range is 50dB approximately and the upper limit is
determined of that input level which gives the maximum output level
from the repeater at the current gain setting.

Minimum level is 100dBm approximately (at 90dB gain).

The accuracy is typical 3dB.

RSSI min
The lowest input time slot signal level during 2 seconds (see Figure 6-12),
individually displayed for uplink and downlink signaling.
The measuring range and accuracy is the same as RSSI max.

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Active time slots


Number of active input time slots for which the signal level is higher than
1 8
the RSSI limit uplink level or RSSI limit downlink level set in the RSSI
statistics window (page 6-45).
RSSI limit
uplink
The figure shows four active uplink time slots.
The active time slots field can show 1 8 and for none.

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Repeater Operations OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Channel Selective CDMA and WCDMA Repeater


This section describes a CDMA repeater. The description is, however,
applicable also to a WCDMA repeater.

Figure 6-13. Channel selective CDMA status

The status window shows continuously updated operational status for the
selected repeater.
To select channel, click a button in the Select CDMA Channel button bar.
Below the channel button bar, the information is specific to the selected
channel.
Field description:

Input attenuation
Uplink (MS) and downlink (BS) input signal attenuation (not applicable
to all versions).

Common Status
The AGC status field can show AGC information such as Gain reduced
(see Gain reduction alarm enable on page 6-10), and general information
such as Error! at signal amplification failure.
At normal operation, this field is blank.

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Output power
Shows the output power to the uplink and downlink antennas. Maximum
power is set in the configuration window (page 6-8).

Button bar Select CDMA Channel


Select a CDMA channel by clicking the corresponding button in the
button bar. Those channel numbers which were selected in the
configuration window (page 6-8) are shown on the buttons.
Only CSA boards present in the repeater are indicated with button
numbers. CSA boards not present are shown as non-numbered buttons.

Specific Status CDMA channel


This field shows the selected channel number for which the specific
information is displayed.

Mode
The current operational mode, which can be:

START UP System startup. Normal startup time is 10 20 seconds


after the mains is switched on.
OPERATE Selected channel is in operation.
BLOCK Selected channel is not in operation. An error may have
occurred.
OFF Selected channel is set to inactive in the configuration
window (page 6-8).

Gain set to
Uplink and downlink gain set in the configuration window (page 6-8).

Used gain
Actual momentary gain for uplink and downlink transmission based on
the Gain set to value.

Normally, the Used gain coincides with the Gain set to value.
The Used gain can be decreased not to exceed the Max output power set
(page 6-8). See Gain reduction alarm enable on page 6-10.

RSSI
Input signal level from the antennas.

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AGC
Shows the text ON or OFF to indicate if the AGC (automatic gain control)
for uplink and downlink signaling is on or off.

PA
Shows the text ON or OFF to indicate if the PA (power amplifier) board
for uplink and downlink signaling is on or off.

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Band Selective Repeater

Figure 6-14. Band selective status

The status window shows continuously updated operational status for the
selected repeater.

The upper part of the window shows alarm, which is common information
for the whole repeater.
The lower part of the window shows uplink and downlink operational
status.
Field description:

Alarm Level
This field shows the text NONE when there is no active alarm. The alarm
level is shown if an alarm is active. Alarm and alarm levels are further
detailed in the Alarm Overview section in Chapter 7.

Specific status Gain set to


Uplink and downlink gain set in the configuration window (page 6-11).

Control to
This field shows the calculated uplink and downlink setpoint values based
on the values in the Gain set to fields. Normally, they coincide with the
Gain set to values.

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Used gain
Actual momentary gain for the uplink and downlink transmission. This
field shows clearly the automatic gain control at high downlink signal
strength.

The momentary gain is controlled by the AGC (Automatic Gain Control).


When the antenna isolation is good and the downlink signal strength is
normal, the values coincide with the Gain set to value, but if instability
due to poor antenna isolation is detected it decreases to a level 13dB
below the lowest instability level. Warning alarm is activated when
instability is detected and Ceasing when the instability has ceased.
The decreased gain level is kept for the next 60 minutes, whereupon it
increases back to the Gain set to level.
If instability due to poor antenna isolation is detected at the lowest
output gain, the PA board is switched off and PA OFF is indicated in the
status window. Error alarm is activated when instability is detected and
Ceasing when the instability has ceased.

Use the antenna isolation test to reveal isolation problems. See the text in
the box on page 6-21.

AGC
Shows the text ON or OFF to indicate if the AGC (automatic gain control)
for uplink and downlink signaling is on or off.
AGC is switched on/off by entering the BSA-AGC ON command or the
BSA-AGC OFF command in the Command Line Interface. See the
command list in the Command Line Interface section in Chapter 5.

PA
Shows the text ON or OFF to indicate if the PA power amplifier board for
uplink and downlink signaling is on or off.
PA is switched on/off by entering the BSA-PAON ON command or the
BSA-PAON OFF command in the Command Line Interface. See the
command list in the Command Line Interface section in Chapter 5.

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Fiber Optical Unit


This section describes the FON (Fiber Optic Node) board in the FOU
(Fiber Optic Unit).

Figure 6-15. Fiber optical status

The status window shows continuously updated operational status for the
selected repeater.
The upper part of the window shows common information for the receiver
and the transmitter and the lower part shows separated receiver and
transmitter operational status.
Field description:

General status
General status for the FON board can be: OK, OFF, PowerSave, ERROR
or Warning.

Receiver status
The receiver status can be: OK, OFF, PowerSave, ERROR, Warning,
Suppressed or N/A.

Received level
Optical signal strength in dBm, or an indication weather the signal
strength is below or above the range.

Transmitter status
The transmitter status can be: OK, OFF, PowerSave, ERROR or N/A.

Transmitter level
The transmitter level is indicated as High or Low.

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DMB Repeaters
This section describes the DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) L-band
repeaters.

Figure 6-16. DMB status

The status window shows continuously updated operational status for the
selected repeater.
To select channel, click a button in the Select DMB amplifier button bar.
Below the channel button bar, the information is specific to the selected
channel.
Field description:

Input attenuation
Downlink input attenuation in dB.

Common Status
The AGC status field can show AGC information such as Gain reduced
(see Gain reduction alarm enable on page 6-10), and general information
such as Error! at signal amplification failure.
At normal operation, this field is blank.

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Output power
Shows the output power to the downlink antenna. Maximum power is set
in the configuration window (page 6-15).

Button bar Select DMB amplifier


Select a channel by clicking the corresponding button in the button bar.
Those channel numbers which were selected in the configuration window
(page 6-15) are shown on the buttons.
Only amplifier boards present in the repeater are indicated with button
numbers. Boards not present are shown as non-numbered buttons.

Specific Status Frequency


This field shows the selected channel frequency for which the specific
information is displayed.

Block
If the frequency is set to an assigned center frequency, then the block
number is shown.

Mode
The current operational mode, which can be:

OPERATE Selected channel is in operation.


OFF Selected channel is set to inactive in the configuration
window (page 6-15).

Gain set to
Downlink gain set in the configuration window (page 6-15).

Used gain
Actual momentary gain for downlink transmission based on the Gain set
to value.

Normally, the Used gain coincides with the Gain set to value.
The Used gain can be decreased not to exceed the Max output power set
(page 6-15). See Gain reduction alarm enable on page 6-10.

RSSI
Received signal strength in dBm from the antenna.

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AGC
Shows the text ON or OFF to indicate if the AGC (automatic gain control)
for downlink is on or off.

PA
Shows the text ON or OFF to indicate if the downlink PA power amplifier
board is on or off.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Repeater Operations

MRX, Measurement Receiver


MRX (Measurement Receiver) is an advanced system for avoiding
self-oscillation with a unique measurement algorithm specially adapted to
CDMA and WCDMA.
The main task of MRX is to supervise the channel spectrum of active
channels in Allgon channel-selective CDMA and WCDMA repeaters. The
aim is to maximize gain and output power and minimize such problems as
low antenna isolation and antenna mismatch.
The receiver system also offers spectrum and return loss monitoring
facilities.
This section comprises the following descriptions:
Antenna isolation supervision, page 6-34.
Spectrum monitoring, page 6-37.
Return loss monitoring, page 6-40.
MRX settings, page 6-43.
MRX software maintenance is described on page 6-48.
MRX testpoints are described in Chapter 9, Troubleshooting.

MRX hardware and software requirements


The MRX can be used in Allgon 800 and 1900MHz CDMA repeaters and
in 2100MHz WCDMA repeaters provided they are configured with the
following hardware and software (or higher):
DIA board K105/1 R2A.
CU board K103/2 R2A.
CU software SA102 02/2 R2A.
OMT32 software SA102 51/3 R1B.
MRX board K104/x, K224/x.

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Antenna Supervision
The MRX unit supervises both the antenna isolation and the return loss
as described below.
This section also contains a rough functional description of the MRX unit
in a repeater, and information about how to switch the supervision off.

Antenna isolation supervision


The MRX automatically supervises the antenna isolation. The system
detects both low margins to instability and full self-oscillation.
Two different alarm types (Warning and Ceasing) can be initiated by the
MRX unit due to poor antenna isolation:

If a low margin to instability is detected, then a Warning alarm is


initiated and the gain is reduced gradually to a value that gives a
13dB margin to instability.

If the MRX unit detects self-oscillation, then a Warning alarm is


initiated and the gain is reduced gradually to a value that gives a
13dB margin to self-oscillation.

When the MRX unit no longer senses any isolation problems a


Ceasing signal is initiated and the gain is increased to the level set by
the operator.
There are no settings for the antenna isolation supervision. It works with
an algorithm that has fixed time and attenuation values that cannot be
changed. Only one setting can be made, which is to switch the antenna
isolation supervision off and on (described on page 6-36).

Return loss (VSWR) supervision


The return loss can continuously be supervised at the donor antenna and
service antenna in order to detect any antenna mismatch.
The return loss is measured on the channel center frequency and 500kHz
(IS 95) on both sides of the center frequency.
Two different alarm types (Warning and Ceasing) can be initiated by the
MRX unit due to the return loss level:

If the return loss decreases below a certain alarm level set by the
operator, then a Warning alarm is initiated.

When the return loss increased above the alarm level a Ceasing
signal is initiated.
The return loss limit levels for initiating alarms can be set in the return
loss monitor (described on page 6-40). In the return loss monitor you can
also switch the supervision off and on.

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Functional description
A repeater equipped with an MRX measurement receiver is shown in
Figure 6-17.

BS MS

Repeater

DC DC
DPX DPX

CU

MRX
Receiver

Figure 6-17. Repeater with MRX

The repeater with the MRX measurement receiver works as described


below.
A downlink signal from a BTS is received by a repeater donor antenna
(BS in Figure 6-17). The signal passes a directional coupler (DC) in the
repeater, is filtered by a DPX filter, amplified and again filtered by a DPX
filter. Then it passes a directional coupler (DC) before it is transmitted to
a mobile via a service antenna (MS).
The same path but the other way round applies to an uplink signal, i.e.
from the mobile to the BTS.
The MRX receiver is fed with a portion of the output power signals from
the directional couplers (DC). It can measure forward and reflected output
power both for the downlink (forward) and uplink (reverse) paths.
By means of these values, the MRX receiver can calculate any needed
attenuation to counteract instability and avoid self-oscillation due to the
antenna isolation. If instability or self-oscillation is detected, alarms are
initiated.
The measured return loss levels are also compared with the return loss
limit levels set. If exceeded, alarms are initiated.
The MRX receiver transfer the attenuation and alarm information to the
CU board, which controls the repeater amplifiers and handles alarms.

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Switching the supervision off


There are mainly two reasons for switching the antenna isolation or
return loss supervision off:

1. If the repeater uses fiber-optic donor or service communication, there


is no antenna isolation to measure. The antenna isolation supervision
should then be permanently switched off.
2. To speed up the spectrum monitoring (described on page 6-37) or the
return loss monitoring (described on page 6-40) as the antenna
supervision takes much of the computer utility. In these cases, switch
the antenna supervision on again when ready with the monitoring.
The antenna isolation supervision can be switched off by entering one of
the following commands in the Command Line Interface for the uplink or
downlink path:

The antenna isolation supervision is then off until it is switched on again


(by changing OFF to ON in the commands above). The on/off setting
remains after a power down.
The return loss supervision can be switched off in the return loss monitor
(described on page 6-40).
The Command Line Interface is further described in Chapter 5.

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Spectrum Monitor
OMT32 has a frequency spectrum monitor that allows the operator to
perform spectrum analyzis, either in local or remote mode. During a
repeater installation and commissioning, the built-in spectrum monitor is
a useful tool for monitoring the radio environment.
The MRX unit measures signals amplified by the repeater at the repeater
output. Consequently, it cannot measure signals outside the band of
frequencies amplified by the repeater, or directly measure signals received
at the input. So, the repeater channel always has to be set to the band to
be monitored.
It should be noted that this built-in monitor is not to be looked upon as a
precision instrument like traditional spectrum analyzing instruments.

Opening the spectrum monitor


The spectrum monitor is opened by selecting the MRX option in the
Operations menu and then the Spectrum tab.

The spectrum monitor is shown in Figure 6-18. It can show a spectrum


graph with a span from 100kHz to 4MHz with an amplitude resolution of
1dB and a frequency resolution of 25 or 30kHz (described on page 6-44).
The reference level and scale for the graph can be set as described below.
To speed up the measurement, you can switch the antenna supervision
off, see page 6-36.

Items in the spectrum monitor


The spectrum display is shown as a graph box in the right part of the
spectrum monitor, see Figure 6-18. Above this graph box, the selected link
and direction is indicated. Below the graph box there is a message box for
messages regarding the measurements.
The left part of the monitor contains measurement setting options. These
options are described under Figure 6-18.
Beside these setting options, general settings and graph display settings
are found in a Settings window (described on page 6-43).

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Figure 6-18. MRX spectrum monitor

Frequency input
There are three ways to select the frequency for the measurement. The
most common way is to first set the channel and then, after selecting
antenna, adjust the span.
Increment and decrement frequency step size is related to the MRX
synthesizer step size. The latter can be 12.5kHz that gives 25kHz step
size (2 is the default setting), or 10kHz that gives 30kHz step size (3 is
the default setting).
The three ways to set the frequency are:

Start / stop
After selecting this option, you can edit the start and stop frequency
values (in Hz) or use the scroll bar (1MHz or 25kHz/30kHz steps).

Center / span
After selecting this option, you can edit the center and span frequency
values (in Hz) or use the scroll bar (100kHz or 25kHz/30kHz steps).

Channel
After selecting this option, you can enter the channel number or use
the scroll bar (1 or 25 channel steps).
Currently selected channels in the repeater can be read from the
Return Loss window (described on page 6-41).

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Direction
Select power direction to measure.

Forward
Output power from the repeater to the antenna.
Reflected
Reflected power from the antenna to the repeater.

Antenna
Select antenna to be measured. Changing this option means that the
frequency is toggled between the duplex frequencies.

Donor / Uplink
Donor antenna in the reverse link (uplink).
Service / Downlink
Service antenna in the forward link (downlink).

Ref. level
The reference level (in dBm) for the top of the vertical graph scale.

Scale
Vertical scale resolution that can be set to 10, 5 or 2dB/div.

Res. BW
The resolution bandwidth is 30kHz and not editable, see the Settings
window on page 6-43.

Max level
The measured top peak of a displayed graph (not editable).

Periodic
Checking this box means that the measuring is started immediately and is
then updated repeatedly.

Click the Measure button to start a single measurement.

When the Data received from MRX message is shown under the graph
box, the measuring is completed and the graph is created.
If there is no graph, then the frequency does not match the repeater
channel frequency or the power is outside the window set.

If you have switched the antenna supervision off, then do not forget to
switch it on again, see page 6-36.

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Return Loss Monitor


OMT32 has a return loss (VSWR) monitor that allows the operator to
perform return loss and forward output power measurements, either in
local or remote mode. During a repeater installation and commissioning,
the built-in return loss monitor is a useful tool for checking the antenna
matching.
The limit levels for the antenna return loss supervision is also set in the
return loss monitor.

The MRX unit measures signals amplified by the repeater at the repeater
output. Consequently, it cannot measure signals outside the band of
frequencies amplified by the repeater, or directly measure signals received
at the input. So, the repeater channel always has to be set to the band to
be monitored.
It should be noted that this built-in monitor is not to be looked upon as a
precision instrument like traditional spectrum analyzing instruments.

Opening the return loss monitor


The return loss monitor is opened by selecting the MRX option in the
Operations menu and then the Return Loss tab.

The return loss monitor is shown in Figure 6-19. It can show a graph of
the return loss and forward output power for a selected CDMA or
WCDMA channel.
The reference level and scale for the graph can be set as described below.
To speed up the measurement, you can switch the antenna supervision
off, see page 6-36.

Items in the return loss monitor


The spectrum is shown in a graph box in the right part of the return loss
monitor, see Figure 6-19. Above this graph box, the selected link is
indicated. Below the graph box there is a message box for messages
regarding the measurements.

The right axis of the graph box represents the forward output power. The
reference level for this axis can be changed.
The left axis of the graph box represents the return loss. The reference
level for the left axis cannot be changed. Full reflection (0dB return loss)
is always located at the top of this axis.
The left part of the monitor contains measurement setting options. These
options are described under Figure 6-19.

Beside these setting options, general settings and graph display settings
are found in a Settings window (described on page 6-43).

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Figure 6-19. MRX return loss monitor

CDMA channel
These buttons reflect the currently selected channels in the repeater.
Click a button to select channel to measure.

Channel
Instead of using the channel buttons you can enter the channel number
in this box.

Antenna Supervision
This box contains settings for the antenna return loss supervision
described on page 6-34. Both the antennas can be selected. If none of the
antennas are selected, then the antenna return loss supervision is off.

Donor / Uplink
If this box is checked, then the uplink donor antenna is measured.
Due to the system nature, the uplink signal is normally too low to give a
usable return loss measurement. So, this box should not be checked.

Return loss limit


The return loss alarm limit level can be entered in this box. If the
uplink donor antenna return loss is below this level, then a Warning
alarm is initiated. If the return loss level increases and passes above
this level again, then a Ceasing signal is initiated.

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Service / Downlink
Checking this box means that the downlink service antenna is measured.

Return loss limit


The same function as the previous limit box, but for the downlink
service antenna.

Click the Update button to send all the parameters included in the
Antenna Supervision box to the MRX board in the repeater. These
parameters are then used for the antenna supervision until they are
changed again.

Ref. level
The reference level (in dBm) for the top of the right vertical graph scale
representing the forward output power.
The reference level for the left axis cannot be changed. Full reflection
(0dB return loss) is always located at the top of this axis.

Minimum return loss


The measured top peak of a displayed return loss graph (not editable).

Antenna
Select antenna to be measured. Changing this option means that the
frequency is toggled between the duplex frequencies.

Donor / Uplink
Donor antenna in the reverse link (uplink). The signal from this
antenna is also, normally, too low to be usable.

Service / Downlink
Service antenna in the forward link (downlink).

Periodic
Checking this box means that the measuring is started immediately and is
then updated repeatedly.

Click the Measure button to start a single measurement.

When the Data received from MRX message is shown under the graph
box, the measuring is completed and the graph is created.
If there is no graph, then the frequency does not match the repeater
channel frequency, the power is outside the window set, or the output
power is below approximately 10dBm.
If you have switched the antenna isolation supervision off to speed up the
monitoring, then do not forget to switch it on again (see page 6-36).

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MRX Settings
The Settings page is used for setting amplitude resolution, frequency
steps, number of samples and graph attributes for the spectrum monitor,
shown on page 6-38, and the return loss monitor, shown on page 6-41.

Figure 6-20. MRX settings

Amplitude resolution
The measurement amplitude resolution is changed if you toggle between
the 0.1dB and 1dB options. The 0.1dB resolution means that you can
measure half of the frequency span compared with the 1dB resolution.
If the Frequency step (described below) is set to 2 (25kHz) and 1dB is
selected, then a span of 4MHz can be measured.

0.1dB
The measurement amplitude resolution will be 0.1dB.

1dB
The measurement amplitude resolution will be 1dB.

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Frequency step
Number of synthesizer steps and corresponding frequency steps between
each frequency point where the measurement is made.

CDMA 800MHz.
For this system one synthesizer step is 10.0kHz and the default
frequency step setting is 3, which gives 30kHz.

CDMA 1900MHz.
For this system one synthesizer step is 12.5kHz and the default
frequency step setting is 2, which gives 25kHz.

WCDMA 2100MHz.
For this system one synthesizer step is 12.5kHz and the default
frequency step setting is 2, which gives 25kHz.
To cover the selected span with respect to the resolution bandwidth, the
frequency step should not exceed the default settings.

Number of samples
Number of samples for each frequency point before an average value is
calculated. The latter is then used.
This number can be set from 1 to 1000. The higher value the longer
measurement time will be required.

Write measurement to file


Measurements can be written to a text file by checking this box. If this
feature has not previously been used, then click the button and type a
new file name.

Maximum size of measurement file


The maximum file size for a file used to write measurements to. Each
measurement is merged to the same file until this size is reached. There
is no warning when the maximum file size is reached.

Graph settings
This box contains color settings and line width for the graphs. Click a
button and select color from a palette.
The line width can be set from 1 to 10.

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Traffic Statistics
The purpose of the statistics feature is to be able to set the RSSI
threshold for uplink and downlink signaling, which is used as criteria for
the statistics calculation in the repeater. The statistics can be shown by
using the OMS (see the Advanced Repeater OMS, Users Manual).
In addition, alarms for no traffic and no broadcast channel can be set in
the statistics feature.
The statistics feature can be used for channel selective GSM traffic only.
To open the statistics window, select the Statistics option in the
Operations menu.

Figure 6-21. Traffic statistics

Field description:

Configuration Statistics
The statistics function is on when this box is checked.

RSSI limit uplink


Sets the input signal strength (RSSI) threshold level for active uplink
1 8
input time slots. The figure shows four active uplink time slots.
RSSI limit
uplink Further information about the time slot threshold level is found at the
Active time slots field for channel selective GSM status (page 6-18).
Setting range: 100dBm to 40dBm.

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RSSI limit downlink


Equal to the RSSI limit uplink but for the downlink path.

Traffic supervision
This feature generates an alarm if there is no traffic in any of the
channels for a certain period.
In this field, you can set the length of this period in hours.
Setting range: 1 168 hours.

BCCH supervision
This feature generates an alarm if the repeater cannot find a broadcast
control channel for a certain period.
In this field, you can set the length of this period (in hours).
Setting range: 1 168 hours.

Status Statistics
Shows whether the statistics feature is on or off, current use, and active
channels.
The second line shows if the repeater has found a BCCH and, in that
case, in which channel it is found.

Database
Shows the last statistics reading, which is done every 15th minute.
The second line shows the percentage of relevant statistics in the
database. E.g. if the repeater has been off half of the time, this line will
display 50%.

Alarms
Shows Low Traffic and BCCH lost status.
ON Alarms have been generated.
OFF No alarm has been generated.

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Repeater Subunit Revisions


Software and hardware version, serial number and manufacturing data
for the repeater subunits, e.g. the CHA and BSA boards, can be shown.
To open the subunit box, select the Revision Manager option in the
Repeater Preferences menu and then the Subunits option.

Figure 6-22. Repeater boards

Click the desired board button.


These examples show the revision information for a CHA and a BSA
board.

Figure 6-23. CHA board information Figure 6-24. BSA board information

The RIA button shows the board information for this board.

Figure 6-25. RIA board information

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Repeater Software Configuration


The purpose of this feature is to show the CU board software and
hardware part numbers and revision status, and to give opportunity to
download new CU software from OMT32, either locally or remotely via
modem.
Do not update or reboot the CU software unless you are authorized and
trained to download software to repeaters.

CU and MRX Revision Manager


To open the CU revision dialog box, select the Revision Manager option
in the Repeater Preferences menu and then the CU Maintenance
option.

Figure 6-26. CU Revision Manager

The revision manager window shows part numbers and revision status for
the current application, application 1, application 2, and the hardware.

MRX
The MRX revision dialog box is opened with the menu option shown to
the left. It looks like the CU revision box, except for that it has only one
application (and one update button).

The description of the software downloading on the following pages is,


however, applicable also to the MRX unit.

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Current application
Application 1 Application 2 Shows that application which the repeater is booted on.
Current application
Current application can be loaded from Application 1 or Application 2.
Boot version

Application 1
Application 1 is a CU software stored on the CU board. The repeater can
be booted on this application, which then becomes the current application.

Application 2
Application 2 is a second CU software stored on the CU board which the
repeater can be booted on.

Application 1 and Application 2 status


Application 1 and Application 2 can have the following status:

PRIMARY The repeater is booted on the primary application at


startup and on a reboot command with the Reboot
button.

SECONDARY The repeater is not booted on a secondary application


but it can be selected to primary by clicking the
Primary switch.

BLOCKED A blocked application shall not be used. It is marked as


blocked in the Block box.

SOFTBLOCKED If an application crashes more than ten times then it is


marked SOFTBLOCKED and cannot be used any more.

NOT EXISTING This status means that there is no software stored in


this application area.

ERROR An error or interruption has occurred during an


application downloading from OMT32 to the repeater
CU board.

Show README file, if available


If you have the README.TXT release information file on the same disk
as the new CU software when downloading it, this file is shown provided
this box is checked (see page 6-51).

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Rebooting
Application 1 Application 2 Rebooting means that the repeater is booted on the PRIMARY
Current application
application, i.e. Application 1 or Application 2 which then becomes the
Current application.
Boot version
The reboot process can be initiated either locally or remotely via modem.
To reboot the repeater, perform the following procedure:

1. Ensure that the repeater will be rebooted on the right application.


The PRIMARY application will be booted.
2. Click the Reboot button to launch the reboot procedure. For MRX,
this button reboots MRX only, not the entire repeater.

3. Confirm the reboot procedure, or cancel the reboot command if you


do not want to continue:

Figure 6-27. Reboot start

4. You will be logged off when the reboot process is started. The
following information is shown:

Figure 6-28. Reboot in progress

When the reboot process is completed the repeater runs that application
which was set as PRIMARY.

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Downloading CU Software
The purpose of this procedure is to get opportunity to download new
Application 1 Application 2 software to the Application 1 or Application 2 area on the CU board.
Current application
Boot version
After a following reboot, the downloaded application can be the Current
application.
The download process can be performed either locally or remotely.
If incorrect software is downloaded, or the download process is interrupted,
the repeater may be blocked and, in worst case, damaged. If this happens
when the process is remotely controlled, a visit to the repeater site will be
necessary. If the repeater is damaged, it might be necessary to replace the
CU board.
Avoid downloading CU software to the primary area because an
interrupted process will result in an incomplete CU software, on which the
repeater will not be able to reboot.
Download the CU software as follows:

1. If the software to be downloaded is stored on a floppy disk, insert the


disk in the disk drive.
2. Click the Update 1 or Update 2 button to download the software as
Application 1 or Application 2 respectively.
3. Select software file to be downloaded:

Figure 6-29. Select software file for downloading

If you have the README.TXT release information file on the same


disk, this file is shown provided the Show README file, if available
box is checked in the CU Revision Manager window (page 6-48).

Take this opportunity to read the release information carefully. If you


do, you will probably get a lot of valuable information and perhaps
save time and trouble.

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Figure 6-30. Release information

You can cancel the downloading now by clicking the No button.

If you want to continue downloading the CU software to the repeater,


then click the Yes button.
4. If you have chosen to continue, then the OMT32 starts downloading
the software to the repeater. The elapsed time for the downloading is
shown in the following box:

Figure 6-31. Downloading software to repeater

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5. When the downloading is complete the following box is shown:

Figure 6-32. Downloading completed

If you want to start the repeater on the downloaded software, change


the primary area in the CU Revision Manager (page 6-48) and reboot
as described on page 6-50.

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Password and Callback


Password and callback at logon can be configured.

Select the Password Configuration option in the Access menu.


To be able to open the password configuration dialog box, enter the
current password in the following dialog box:

Figure 6-33. Password verification

After confirming the current password you can change the password level
you are currently logged on with and lower levels. Make the changes in
the following dialog box:

Figure 6-34. Password configuration

Full privileges
Full privileges is the highest password level with no limitations.

Read/Write privileges
The Read/Write privileges has the same privileges as Full privileges but
password and callback for the Full privileges level cannot be changed.

Read privileges
The Read privileges means that no changes are allowed except for
changing the Read privileges password and callback information.

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Password required
Click this box to activate the password. Otherwise, it will not be in force.

Password
Type your password in this field. You can use from 1 up to 10 characters.
Asterisks are shown when typing the password.
A grey box means that you have no authority to change, i.e. you have
logged on OMT32 using a lower password level.

Callback required
Check this box to select callback, i.e. the repeater must call you back prior
to logging on if you are remotely connected to the repeater.
Your phone number must be included in the Repeater Callback Numbers
list stored in the repeater, and in the Remote Connection Parameters list
stored in OMT32. Otherwise, the repeater will not be able to call you back.

Edit callback numbers


You can open the repeater callback phone number list either by clicking
this button or by opening it from the Access menu (see page 6-56).

Update
Click the Update button to enter the password.

Verify the new password by re-writing it in the following box:

Figure 6-35. Password verification

A grey box means that the password is not changed


Click Ok when ready.

The new password is now in force.

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Callback Phone Numbers


The repeater callback phone number list contains those phone numbers
that are to be used by the repeater when Callback required is selected in
the Password Configuration dialog box (page 6-54).

To open the callback phone number list, select the Callback Numbers
option in the Access menu.

Figure 6-36. Repeater callback phone numbers

The OMT32 phone number must be included in this list for callback to
work. Otherwise, you will be unable to connect to the repeater remotely.
Maximum 25 phone numbers can be included.
The phone numbers in this list must correspond, character by character, to
the phone numbers in the Remote Connection Parameters list in OMT32
(see the Remote Connection section in Chapter 5).
This is applicable to spaces as well. To be sure, type only numerals with
no spaces or other characters. If the phone numbers do not correspond,
character by character, then the repeater will not be able to call back.
And, you will not be able to log on remotely and correct the number.
The following buttons are available if you are currently logged on with
privileges to change the callback numbers.

New
Click this button to add a new phone number to the list.

Edit
Highlighted phone number can be edited after clicking this button.

Delete
Highlighted phone number is deleted by clicking this button and
confirming the deletion.

Update
When ready, click the Update button to download the callback numbers
to the repeater.

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Login Registry
The purpose of the logon registry is to make it possible to see who have
been logged on to a specific repeater.
To open the login registry list, select the Login Registry option in the
Access menu.

Figure 6-37. Logon registry

The latest 20 logon entries are included in the logon register.


By clicking the Print button you can print out the entire logon register.

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Repeater Modem Parameters


The command string, the PIN code to the repeater modem, and the
modem transfer speed can be set in a modem parameter box. To open this
box, select the Modem option in the Repeater Preferences menu.

Figure 6-38. Repeater modem parameters

Repeater modem init string


In this field you can set the modem initiation string. It should, however,
not be changed unless required.

Be careful not to set an incorrect string at remote control of the repeater.


A visit to the repeater site may be the result, and you will get no alarm call
until a correct string has been entered. The default string should not be
changed.

Modem PIN code


If a PIN code is to be used for the repeater mobile phone, enter the PIN
code in this field. Otherwise, leave this field blank.

Modem speed
The modem transfer speed (baud rate) in bps (bits per second) for the
repeater modem. Default value is 19200.
This field is available only when OMT32 is locally connected to a repeater.

Detected modem
Shows the modem type the repeater CU software has detected and
recognized.

Update
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater.

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Modem Commands
To set the repeater modem in an adequate operational mode for the
current configuration, an initiation string consisting of a number of
modem commands have to be entered into the modem.
This initiation string is automatically generated by the CU board in the
repeater, provided the repeater is equipped with the K103/2 type CU
board (or a higher number).
For repeaters equipped with the K103/1 type CU board, the below detailed
initiation string should be used as default.
Refer to the latest RCC/RCU installation guide available from your local
Allgon representative.

Default modem initiation string


The default modem initiation string is: atq0v1s0=0e0x4
The string is limited to contain maximum 39 characters.

Indispensable commands
Q0 Return result codes.
V1 Display result codes as words.
&S0 Assert DSR signal always.

Recommended commands
E0 Do not echo characters sent to the modem.
S0=1 Answer on the first ring signal.
&D2 An ON-to-OFF transition of DTR signal causes a modem hang up.
X4 Provide basic call progress result codes, connection speed, and busy
signal detection.

Commands to use if necessary


T Dials using tone method.
P Dials using pulse method.
&K3 Enable RTS/CTS local flow control. Recommended on line modem.

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Repeater ID
The repeater ID can be set as described below.

Select the Repeater ID option in the Repeater Preferences menu. The


repeater ID dialog box is opened.

Figure 6-39. Repeater ID

ID of connected repeater
Type the desired repeater ID in this field.
You can use maximum 32 characters.
When ready, click the Update button to download the ID information to
the repeater.

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Repeater Date and Time


There is a real time system clock in the repeater that is used to set date
and time on alarms, etc.

This clock can be checked and set. To open the date and time dialog box,
select the Date and Time option in the Repeater Preferences menu.

Figure 6-40. Date and time setting

Set time and date by clicking the up arrows or down arrows in the dialog
box.
You can set the current date and time from the PC clock by clicking the
PC Clock button.
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater.

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Notepad
The purpose of the repeater notepad is to get opportunity to store
repeater related information, such as setting comments, maintenance and
service information, etc. in the repeater which makes it available for
operators and service personnel, locally or remotely connected.

To open the repeater notepad, select the Notepad option in the


Repeater Preferences menu.

Figure 6-41. Notepad

Information saved in the Notepad is stored in an EEPROM. The


information will thus remain after a power failure.

Logging Off
If you want to log off without leaving OMT32, click the logoff button or
select the Logoff option in the Access menu.

Confirm the logoff in the dialog box.

Figure 6-42. Logging off

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Alarms and Events

7. Alarms and Events


The following alarm and event descriptions are included in this chapter:

Alarms
Alarm overview, page 7-2.
Alarm configuration, page 7-4.
Received repeater alarms, page 7-6.
Alarm reset, page 7-9.
Alarm call criteria, page 7-10.

Events
Repeater event log, page 7-12.

Alarm list
Internal repeater alarms are generated by the BSC, CU or FON units in
the repeaters. Since various repeater types generate different alarms, the
alarm lists are included in the repeater manuals.

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Alarm Overview
Alarms are states or events in the repeaters that are more or less
detrimental to the repeater function. All alarms are classified in the
following levels depending on the extent of malfunction the alarms cause.

Alarm Levels

None
An event that is not detrimental to the repeater performance. None
alarms will never be reported. If no alarm is active, None is indicated e.g.
in the operational status window.

Warning
An alarm level that decreases the repeater performance somewhat.
A Warning alarm is not a serious alarm. It can be caused by poor antenna
isolation, low traffic activity, etc.

Error
An event indicating that a part of the repeater is not functioning. An
Error alarm is a serious alarm. It can be caused by a synthesizer fault,
external alarm, etc.

Critical
An event that makes the entire repeater cease to function. A Critical
alarm is a very serious alarm. It can be caused by a mains breakdown,
external alarm such as fire, etc.

Ceasing
An event that resets a previous alarm, i.e. the event when the cause of
the alarm ceased. Ceasing is e.g. applicable to an antenna isolation alarm,
which after some time can be ceased if poor antenna isolation is no longer
detected.

Alarm Indication
Alarms are indicated with a LED on the repeater front and can be
transferred to an OMS or OMT32.

Combined repeaters indicate alarms for both the repeater units if an


alarm has been activated in either of the units.

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Internal and External Alarms


There are a number of internal alarms and four external alarm inputs.
The internal alarms have fixed alarm levels. They are initiated by the
BSC, CU or FON software and are listed in the repeater manual.
The external alarm inputs, EAL1 - EAL4, can be configured for various
alarm levels and alarm purposes in the Alarm Configuration window
(description on page 7-4). The external alarm inputs can, instead of being
external alarm inputs, be used for the purposes described below.

EAL1
The EAL1 external alarm input can also be used for mains breakdown
alarm. The mains breakdown device is described in the repeater manual.

EAL2
The EAL2 external alarm input can also be used for battery backup alarm.

EAL3
The EAL3 external alarm input can also be used for fiber-optics alarm,
provided a FON board or a FOT board is used.

EAL4
The EAL4 external alarm input can also be used for an alarm which is
activated if the repeater door is open.

External alarm Ceasing


The external alarm inputs can be selected with or without Ceasing.

With ceasing, e.g. Warning w ceasing, means that activated alarms as


well as ceased alarms are reported to an OMS or OMT32. Ceased
alarms are reported as Ceasing.

Without Ceasing, e.g. Warning w/o ceasing, means that an activated


alarm will be reported to an OMS or OMT32. When the cause of the
alarm has ceased, the event is assigned the None level.

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Alarm Configuration
The external alarms, EAL1 - EAL4, can be configured in an alarm
configuration dialog box, opened by selecting the Alarm Configuration
option in the Repeater Preferences menu.

Figure 7-1. Alarm configuration

Click and select alarm level for each of the external alarm inputs 1 - 4.
Available alarm levels are: Critical, Error, Warning and None. Each of
which can be selected with or without Ceasing.
Select None for external alarms not used.
All alarms (except for the Door alarm) are activated 1 second after
initiation.

Alarm 1
Select External alarm 1 if you intend to use an external alarm sensor.
You can choose any alarm level.
Select Mains breakdown to be able to alarm for power supply failure, if a
mains breakdown relay (optional) is used. The alarm level is always set to
Critical w ceasing in this case. The mains breakdown relay is detailed in
the repeater manual.

Alarm 2
Select External alarm 2 if you intend to use an external alarm sensor.
You can choose any alarm level.
Select Battery backup unit to be able to alarm for battery backup failure,
if backup battery unit (optional) is used. You can choose any alarm level.
Note that Alarm 1 cannot be be used if this option is selected.

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Alarm 3
Select External alarm 3 if you intend to use an external alarm sensor.
You can choose any alarm level.
Select Fiber Optic Alarm to be able to alarm for link errors between the
repeater and the base station, if fiber-optic interface (optional) is used.
You can choose any alarm level.

Alarm 4
Select External alarm 4 if you intend to use an external alarm sensor.
You can choose any alarm level.
Select Door to be able to alarm for open repeater door, if door switch
(optional) is used. You can choose any alarm level. The door alarm is
activated 30 seconds after initiation, i.e. the repeater cover can be opened
for 30 seconds to turn the alarm off before the alarm is activated.

Inverted input
Checking this box toggles the alarm switch connection from being active
closed to active open (further detailed in the alarm port section in the
repeater manual).

LED Intensity
The brightness of the led visible from the outside of the repeater. This
feature makes it possible to reduce the brightness, e.g. to eliminate the
risk of disturbance or misunderstanding when placed in subways, etc.

Buttons
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater. The alarm status is shown in the CU Testpoints window (see
Testpoints in Chapter 9).
Notepad opens the notepad in which you can read or write information
which is then stored in the repeater (see Notepad in Chapter 6).
Alarm Info opens an alarm text box in which you can type your own
external alarm texts. Click Update and Close after changing the text.

Figure 7-2. Alarm text box

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Alarms and Events OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Received Repeater Alarms


Critical, Error and Warning alarms can be sent from a repeater to an
OMS or OMT32. These alarms can then be viewed in an alarm window.
To open the alarm window, click the received repeater alarms button or
select the Received Repeater Alarms option in the Operations menu.

Figure 7-3. Received repeater alarms

All alarms of a certain alarm level and above are sent from the repeater
to OMT32. You can set this threshold alarm level to Critical, Error or
Warning by clicking the Call on alarm level and above switches in the
Alarm Call Criteria window (page 7-10).
A total number of 200 alarms from several repeaters can be stored and
viewed in this window.
The OMT32 alarm reception can be disabled/enabled. This is further
detailed in the Disabling/Enabling Remote Alarm Reception section on
page 7-8.

If the OMT32 alarm reception is disabled, or if no OMT32 for remote


control is used, then activated alarms will be transferred to a locally
connected OMT32 as soon as it is connected.
OMT32 cannot receive spontaneous alarms remotely from repeaters in IP
networks.

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Entries in the alarm window box:

Alarm ID
Alarm text (the alarm list is found in the repeater manual).

Alarm Unit
The unit in which the alarm is initiated.

Alarm Level
The levels of the alarms, which can be: Critical, Error, Warning, Ceasing
and None.
The alarm levels are described in the Alarm Overview section on page 7-2.

R-Date, R-Time
Alarm activation date and time in the repeater (R signifies Repeater).

Repeater ID
The ID of the repeater from which the highlighted alarm is sent.

OMT-Time
Saving date and time in OMT32.

Clear
Clears the entire alarm list after you have confirmed the deletion in a
dialog box.

Dial Repeater
This button opens the dialog box for remote connection of a repeater (the
same button as in the main menu button bar).

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Alarms and Events OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Disabling/Enabling Remote Alarm Reception


Alarm information can be sent from a repeater to a remote connected
OMS or OMT32, in which the alarm information is stored and can be
displayed in the Received Repeater Alarms window (page 7-6).
The reception of the alarm information can be disabled and enabled.

Disabling remote alarm reception


To disable the reception, select the Disable Remote Alarms option in
the OMT Preferences menu.

The Disable Remote Alarms option in the OMT Preferences menu


will be shaded after this action, which indicates that the alarm reception
is disabled.
Select this option if the OMT32 station is used for IP networks.

Enabling remote alarm reception


To enable the reception, select the Enable Remote Alarms option in the
OMT Preferences menu.

The Enable Remote Alarms option in the OMT Preferences menu


will be shaded after this action, which indicates that the alarm reception
is enabled.

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Alarm Reset
The following actions are performed when making an alarm reset:

All alarms are cleared in the repeater.


All process counters are cleared.
The highest value stored for the CU board temperature (Temp. max.) is
reset to the currently measured temperature (the CU board is described
in the Testpoints section in Chapter 9).

Then, only remaining active alarms are considered as active alarms.


The reset procedure does not affect uplink or downlink communication in
progress.
Alarm reset can be performed:

by clicking the alarm reset button in the OMT32 main menu window.

by clicking the alarm reset button in the Repeater Event Log window
(page 7-12).

by selecting the Alarm Reset option in the Operations menu.

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Alarms and Events OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Alarm Call Criteria


Alarm information can be sent from a repeater to a remote connected
OMS or OMT32, in which the alarm information is stored and can be
displayed in the Received Repeater Alarms window (page 7-6).
You can set phone numbers, time, and alarm levels for the alarm
transmission from the repeater to the remote OMS or OMT32 in an alarm
call dialog box.
To open this box, select the Alarm Call Criteria option in the
Repeater Preferences menu.

Figure 7-4. Alarm call criteria

Phone 1
The phone number to the primary OMS or OMT32 for alarm reception.

Phone 2
The phone number to a secondary OMS or OMT32 for alarm reception on
other time than specified with the Phone 1 start time and Phone 1 end
time.

In addition, this number is used as backup number in case of no answer


on the primary number (see below).

Dial
The number of call attempts at busy or no answer.

Redial every
Time interval between the call attempts at busy or no answer.

Phone 1 start time, Phone 1 end time


Start and stop time for using the Phone 1 number in hours and minutes.

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Call on alarm level and above


Selected alarm level and higher are sent to the OMS or OMT32 and can
be shown in the Received Repeater Alarms window (page 7-6).
If you click the Error option, then Critical and Error alarms will be sent
from the repeater to the OMT32.
Examples of alarm calls within and outside the time interval for the
Phone 1:

Busy or no answer within the Phone 1 time


1. The repeater calls the Phone 1 number.

2. The repeater goes on calling the Phone 1 number until the specified
number of attempts in the Dial field is reached and waits as long as
specified in the Redial every field between each attempt.
3. The repeater calls the Phone 2 number.
4. The repeater goes on calling the Phone 2 number until twice as
many attempts as specified in the Dial field is reached and waits as
long as specified in the Redial every field between each attempt.
5. The repeater stops calling.

Busy or no answer outside the Phone 1 time


1. The repeater calls the Phone 2 number.
2. The repeater goes on calling the Phone 2 number until the specified
number of attempts in the Dial field is reached and waits as long as
specified in the Redial every field between each attempt.
3. Again, the repeater calls the Phone 2 number.
4. The repeater goes on calling the Phone 2 number until twice as
many attempts as specified in the Dial field is reached and waits as
long as specified in the Redial every field between each attempt.
5. The repeater stops calling.

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Alarms and Events OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Repeater Event Log


All repeater alarms are generated and logged by the BSC, CU or FON
units in the repeaters. These alarms can be transferred and viewed in an
event log window in OMT32.
To open the event log window, click the repeater event log button or
select the Repeater Event Log option in the Operations menu.

Figure 7-5. Repeater event log

The alarm log list contains the 80 latest alarms in time order. Most of the
alarms in this event log window are included in the alarm list found in
the repeater manual.
Use the <up arrow>, <down arrow>, <PgUp>, <PgDn>, <Home>, and
<End> keys or click the scroll bar to move in the list.

Date, Time
Date and time when the event occurred.

Alarm ID
Alarm text (see the alarm list in the repeater manual).

Alarm Unit
The unit in which the alarm is initiated.

Alarm Level
The alarm level, which can be: Critical, Error, Warning, Ceasing or None.

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Information
The following information text can be shown:
Sent The alarm is sent to the OMT32 and is shown in the
Received Repeater Alarms window (page 7-6).
Operator The alarm is acknowledged by the operator with the
Acknowledge button (see below).
Not acked The alarm is either not yet sent or it has a too low alarm
level to be sent (see Call on alarm level and above in the
Alarm Call Criteria dialog box on page 7-10).

Selection criteria Alarm Level


Selection criteria for the list. Click and select the alarm level to be
shown, i.e.: All, Critical, Error, Warning, Ceasing or None.
Only entries with the selected alarm level are shown. All entries are
shown if All is selected.

Selection criteria Information


Selection criteria for the list. Click and select the management
information to be listed, i.e.: All, Sent, Operator or Not acked.
Only entries with the selected management information are shown. All
entries are shown when All is selected.

Buttons
Click the Acknowledge button to acknowledge the highlighted alarm.
The alarm will get the text Operator in the Information column.
Click the Examine button to get further information about the selected
event (further described on page 7-14).
The Delete button deletes the highlighted alarm without further
confirmation.
The Delete all button deletes the entire alarm log list after you have
confirmed the deletion in a dialog box.
The Reload button updates the list from the repeater.

This button prints out the entire contents of the Repeater Event Log.

Performs an alarm reset, i.e. updates the alarm information in the


repeater. Alarm reset is described on page 7-9.
Opens the repeater notepad in which you can read or write information
which is stored in the repeater.

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Event Examination
Clicking the Examine button in the Repeater Event Log window
(page 7-12) opens an event examination information box.

Figure 7-6. Event examination

The event examination box shows the following detailed information


about a selected event:

Alarm ID
Alarm text (see the alarm list in the repeater manual).

Alarm unit
The unit in which the alarm is initiated.

Alarm level
The alarm level, which can be: Critical, Error, Warning, Ceasing or None.

Info
The following information text can be shown:
Sent The alarm is sent to the OMT32 and is shown in the
Received Repeater Alarms window (page 7-6).
Operator The alarm is acknowledged by the operator with the
Acknowledge button (see page 7-13).
Not acked The alarm is either not yet sent or it has a too low alarm
level to be sent (see Call on alarm level and above in the
Alarm Call Criteria dialog box on page 7-10).

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Handle ID
CU internal handle ID, unique for each logged event.

Line
The line number in the event list shown in the Repeater Event Log
window (page 7-12).

Alarm time
Time when the event occurred.

Alarm Testpoint
The testpoint and the value that activated the alarm, or:
n/a if there is no testpoint attached.
ALARM_INFO and hexadecimal error code.

Current Value
The current alarm causing testpoint, if available.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Network

8. Network
This chapter contains separate descriptions of the following Allgon
repeater networks:

IP network
IP (Internet Protocol) network is the latest Allgon repeater network
type with UDP/IP protocol and many features, such as wire or fiber
connection, PPP, routing capabilities for many sub networks, etc.
The IP network description is found on page 8-4.

R2R network
R2R (Repeater to Repeater) network is an older Allgon specific repeater
network type with SLW protocol for wire connection.
The R2R network description is found on page 8-39.

Most of the descriptions in this chapter are focused on remote connection


to repeaters. All features described are, however, applicable also to local
connection.
The terminology used in this chapter is described in the next section.

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Terminology
In the descriptions of the IP and R2R networks the terminology in the
following table is used.

Network type IP R2R


Protocol IP SLW
Network name W-net F-net R2R net
Link name W-link F-link R2R link
Link media Wire Fiber Wire
Link interface WLI FLI R2R

Abbreviations
IP Internet Protocol.
R2R Repeater to Repeater.
SLW Sliding Window (Allgon specific protocol).
W-net Wire network.
F-net Fiber network.
R2R net R2R network.
W-link Wire link.
F-link Fiber link.
WLI Wire Link Interface.
FLI Fiber Link Interface.
Other abbreviations used in this manual are found in the Abbreviations
section in the beginning of this manual.

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Net and Link


The following two figures show what a net means and what a link means
in this manual.
Figure 8-1 shows a W-net, F-net or R2R net with WLI, FLI or R2R
interface respectively.

Figure 8-1. W-net, F-net or R2R net

Figure 8-2 shows a W-link, F-link or R2R link with WLI, FLI or R2R
interface respectively.

Figure 8-2. W-link, F-link or R2R link

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

IP Network Description
Allgon IP network utilizes the latest network technology for
communication in repeater networks. The network communication
includes communication between repeaters as well as communication
between an OMT32 or OMS station and repeaters.
Communication can be initiated either by an OMT32/OMS station or by a
repeater.
When initiated by an OMT32/OMS station, an operator connects to a
repeater network and logs on to a desired repeater. The OMS station can
also initiate communication by means of a scheduled activity that
automatically connects to a repeater network and logs on to a repeater.
A repeater initiates communication when an alarm is to be transferred,
normally to an OMS station. It also initiates communication if callback is
included in a logon session.

About this description


This description comprises the IP network characteristics, the IP protocol
and addressing, and contains also two examples of subnet addressing.
The description is divided into the following main parts:

Requirements for IP networks, page 8-5.


Characteristics for IP network, page 8-6.
Units in IP networks, page 8-10.
Active subunits in IP networks, page 8-14.
Network overview, page 8-16.
The IP protocol and communication flow, page 8-17.
IP addresses and server assigned PPP addresses, page 8-19.
Network masks, page 8-20.
IP network planning.
Address consumption, page 8-21.
An example of subnet addressing, page 8-22.
IP network configuration with OMT32, page 8-28.
Figures in this chapter contain only communication paths, not RF paths.
This manual is not intended to be a textbook for IP networks in general. It
only describes how Allgon repeaters utilize common IP network technology.
You need basic knowledge about IP network technology to fully understand
all the features mentioned in this chapter and to be able to configure
Allgon repeater networks.

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Requirements
To be able to use an IP network, the repeater hardware and software
listed below is required. Hardware and software that does not meet the
requirements below can be upgraded in all Allgon repeaters.
An OMT32 station intended to be used for an IP network has to be
configured as described below.

Repeater hardware
DIA board K105/1 version R2A or higher.
CU board K103/3 version R1A or higher.
BSC board K304 or K308.
FON board K129.

Repeater software
CU/CHA SA102 07/4 version R1A or higher.
CU/BSA SA102 07/5 version R1A or higher.
CU/CDMA SA102 07/2 version R1A or higher.
BSC SA102 06/1 version R1A or higher.
FON SA102 05/1 version R1A or higher.

OMT32/OMS
OMT32 SA102 51/3 version R2A or higher.
OMS SA102 54/1 version R2A or higher.

OMT32 configuration
To be able to access repeaters in an IP network from an OMT32 station
you have to perform the RAS settings found in the omt_ras.html file in
the Doc folder on the OMT32 CD-ROM.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

IP Network Characteristics
The characteristics listed below is applicable to the Allgon IP network.
First, supported network features are listed, then not supported features.

Supported network features


Uses UDP/IP (User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol version 4).
Routing protocol with capabilities for many subnets.
Internal routing protocol.
Allgon specific RIP version 1 substitute protocol.
No configuration needed.
10 minutes repeater removal delay time per subnet.
Allgon specific NS name server.
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) is used.
Local and remote external connection with PPP (Point to Point
Protocol).
Meets RFC 1661 (except for callback that is Microsoft specific).
LCP, IPCP, PAP and CBCP.
MRU 1500 bytes.
No compression.
Watchdog: 20 minutes / 2 hours.
NAPT (Network Address and Port Translation) used for remote
connection.

One or more network nodes can communicate simultaneously.


One user only can be logged on to a node.
Two or more users can be logged on to different nodes in a network.
Wire and optical fiber links with ANSI X3.28 control protocol.
W-link characteristics:
Twisted pair RS-485 bus.
Bi-directional communication.
IP carrier.
F-link characteristics:
Separate TX and RX fibers.
Multi-drop link communication.
Transfer rate is 66kBit per second.
Sub carrier below the RF frequency.

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Not supported network features


The SLW (Sliding Window) protocol used by the R2R network cannot
be used in any node.

TCP is not supported.


IGMP is not supported.
Multicast is not supported.
Microsoft MS-CHAP is not supported.
DNS is not supported. An Allgon specific NS is used instead.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

W-Net Characteristics
A W-net uses a twisted pair of RS-485 bi-directional bus with a master
unit and slave units.

An example of a W-net with four repeater nodes is shown in Figure 8-3.

PSTN PSTN

Figure 8-3. W-net with four repeater nodes

A W-net can contain maximum 13 nodes.


Gateway One or several of the W-net nodes can be gateway nodes, i.e. containing
an RCC or RCU and thus be able to communicate with an OMT32 or
OMS station via modem.
The W-net in Figure 8-3 contains two gateway nodes (PSTN).
Control station capability All repeaters in a W-net shall have Control station capability, which
means that it can be the master unit if the current master unit ceases to
work.
Control station capability is further described on page 8-30.

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F-Net Characteristics
An F-net uses separate TX and RX fibers and multi-drop link
M S S
communication with a dedicated master unit and slave units (M and S
respectively in the left figure).

The communication transfer rate is 66kBit per second and the F-net has a
sub carrier below the RF frequency.
Figure 8-4 shows a simplified schematic view of an F-net with a single
fiber communication path (or an F-net with WDM, one DL wavelength
and four different UL wavelengths).

50/50
50/50
50/50

CS
PSTN

Figure 8-4. F-net with four receiving nodes

An F-net can contain one root node (the left repeater in Figure 8-4) and
up to approximately four receiving nodes (the right repeaters in the
figure) due to the signal power sharing in the splitters. In Figure 8-4
there are three 50/50 percent splitters that reduce a signal from the root
node to 25% of the generated signal power to each of the four receiving
nodes.
Gateway In Figure 8-4, the root node is a gateway node (PSTN). It contains an
RCC or RCU and can communicate with an OMT32 or OMS station via
modem.
Control station capability The root node (CS in Figure 8-4) only shall have Control station capability
and thus be the master unit. None of the other nodes are allowed to have
Control station capability. The reason is that this is a master/slave
communication on separate RX/TX links. Only one node can speak at the
same time.

Control station capability is further described on page 8-33.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Communication Units
This section describes some configuration examples for different repeater
types for being usable in an IP network. It also shows some examples of
communication between an OMT32 station and repeater networks.
The following repeater units can communicate in an IP repeater network
(provided they meet the requirements listed on page 8-5):
All types of Allgon repeater units containing a CU, BSC or FON unit.
OMT32
OMS

Repeater configuration
An Allgon repeater can be configured with the following repeater subunits
for communication and RF functionality:

RF RF circuitry for the repeater radio functionality with donor/service


BSC/CU (RIA)
antennas or RF ports.
FON

PSTN RCC/RCU
BSC/CU controls the repeater and the communication in a W-net.
Compact repeaters have a BSC board, standard repeaters have a CU
board.

RIA is an optional board that previously was required for standard


repeaters in R2R networks. The RIA board is not required in IP
networks. It can, however, remain in the repeater making it possible
to use the old wires when upgrading from R2R network to IP
network.

FON is a fiber-optic node unit that can communicate both in an


F-net and in a W-net.

RCC (Remote Communication Control) unit is a combined RF and


wire modem. Old standard repeaters may have an RCU modem for
RF communication only.

Basic repeater
RF
A basic repeater or remote hub has a BSC or CU board and RF circuitry.
BSC/CU
It can communicate with other nodes in a W-net.

Gateway repeater
RF
A gateway repeater or remote hub has an optional RCC or RCU in
BSC/CU
addition to the basic repeater. It can communicate with other nodes in a
W-net.
PSTN RCC/RCU

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RMU Repeater Master Unit


RF
An RMU has a donor antenna but no service antenna. Instead, it has a
BSC/CU
FON unit that can receive and transmit optical signals via fiber on the
service side, normally to a FOR (Fiber Optic Repeater) connected to the
FON
other end of the fiber.
PSTN RCC/RCU

An RMU can communicate with other repeaters both in the F-net and in
a W-net. It can be configured as a gateway repeater with an RCC or RCU.

FOR Fiber Optic Repeater


RF
A FOR has a service antenna but no donor antenna. Instead, it has a
BSC/CU
FON unit that can receive and transmit optical signals via fiber on the
donor side, normally to a BMU (Base station Master Unit) or to an RMU.
FON

PSTN RCC/RCU
A FOR can communicate with other repeaters both in the F-net and in a
W-net. It can be configured as a gateway repeater with an RCC or RCU.

RH Remote Hub
A remote hub for LinDAS is very similar to the FOR unit and it has the
same network functions as the FOR unit.

BMU Base station Master Unit


A BMU has one or more FON units that can convert RF signals, normally
FON
RF from a base station, to optical signals and vice versa. The unit can receive
FON and transmit optical signals via fiber to the connected repeaters, normally
to FORs. If there are more than one FON unit in the BMU, these are
PSTN RCC/RCU
normally interconnected via an internal W-net (that also can include
other nodes).
A BMU can communicate with other repeaters both in the F-net and in a
W-net. It can be configured as a gateway BMU with an RCC or RCU.

OCM Optical Converter Module


An OCM unit for LinDAS is, functionally, similar to the BMU and it has
the same network functions as the BMU. The OCM has, however, a
different cabinet (for 19" rack).

OMT32/OMS
PSTN OMT32 is a PC workstation loaded with the OMT32 software and
configured with a modem. It can be connected to all repeaters that have
an RCC or RCU and communicate with all repeaters in connected W-nets
OMT32 and F-nets.

This is applicable also to an OMS station, which is described in the


Advanced Repeater OMS, Users Manual.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

OMT32 connected to a stand-alone repeater


Figure 8-5 shows the simplest case of communication between an OMT32
station and a repeater.

RF

BSC/CU

PSTN RCC/RCU

OMT32

Figure 8-5. OMT32 connected to a stand-alone repeater

The OMT32 station is, in this case, connected remotely to a stand-alone


repeater.
A stand-alone repeater with IP protocol is treated as an IP network with
only one node.

OMT32 connected to a W-net


Figure 8-6 shows an OMT32 station connected to a W-net.

RF RF RF

BSC/CU BSC/CU BSC/CU

PSTN RCC/RCU

OMT32

Figure 8-6. OMT32 connected to a W-net

The OMT32 station can communicate with any of the repeaters included
in the W-net.

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OMT32 connected to an F/W-net


Figure 8-7 shows an OMT32 station connected to an F-net, which is also
connected to two W-nets.

RF RF RF
RF BSC/CU BSC/CU BSC/CU

FON FON
RF
FON
FOR/RH
PSTN RCC/RCU

BMU/OCM RF RF RF
RF BSC/CU BSC/CU BSC/CU

FON

OMT32
FOR/RH

Figure 8-7. OMT32 connected to an F/W-net

The fibers between the BMU and the FORs are used for both RF
transmission and repeater communication.

An internal W-net in the BMU interconnects the FON units for


communication.
The two FOR units are also included in two W-nets together with two
additional basic repeaters in each of these W-nets.
The OMT32 station in Figure 8-7 can communicate with any of the seven
repeaters included in the F-net and W-nets.

LinDAS For LinDAS, there is an OCM unit instead of the BMU, and RHs instead
of the FORs. Also, for LinDAS it is not relevant to use the W-net for
further units as shown in Figure 8-7.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Communication Subunits BSC/CU and FON


This section describes the most important subunits needed for repeater
networks. These subunits, BSC/CU and FON, are here described as blocks
with network interfaces.

BSC/CU unit
BSC stands for Band Selective Compact repeater board and it is the
main board in compact repeaters.
CU stands for Control Unit and it is the repeater control board in
standard repeaters.

The BSC/CU unit controls the entire repeater, including the network
communication. The unit contains all software and protocols required for
W-net communication.
Figure 8-8 shows the BSC board in the compact repeater or the CU board
in the standard repeater with the communication interfaces pointed out.

Local Remote

W-net WLI BSC/CU

Figure 8-8. BSC/CU with communication interfaces

Local is the port used for cable connection between the repeater and an
OMT32 station. PPP is used for communication via this port.
Remote is the port is used for remote connection via modem between the
repeater and an OMT32 or OMS station. PPP is used for communication
via this port.
WLI is the communication port for W-net.

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FON
FON means Fiber-Optic Node and the FON board can be used in all the
Allgon repeater types.
The FON board contains all software and protocols required for both
W-net and F-net communication, routing included. A sole FON board can
be a complete node in an F-net as well as in a W-net.
Figure 8-9 shows the FON board with the communication interfaces
pointed out. The figure shows also some of the most important function
blocks on the FON board. The small figure is a simplified block of the
FON board.

Local Remote

CPU RX

W-net WLI FON RF FLI F-net


SW
TX

FON

Figure 8-9. FON with communication interfaces

The CPU unit and the software (SW) controls the FON unit including the
network communication. The FON unit has the same functionality as an
entire repeater, except for the RF part. The RF block in Figure 8-9
converts electrical signals to optical signals and vice versa.
Local is the port used for cable connection between the repeater and an
OMT32 station. PPP is used for communication via this port.
Remote is the port is used for remote connection via modem between the
repeater and an OMT32 or OMS station. PPP is used for communication
via this port.

WLI is the communication port for W-net.


FLI is the communication port for F-net. This part of the FON board in
FON Figure 8-9 is marked to indicate an optical part.

FON The W-net and F-net are interconnected in the FON board, which makes
it possible to interconnect several F-nets via a W-net, see the small figure.
FON

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Network Overview
An example of a repeater network is shown in Figure 8-10.

RCC RCU

BSC BSC CU BSC CU


BMU/OCM WLI WLI
WLI
RCC FON FON FON
FLI
FON

WLI
BSC CU BSC
WLI WLI WLI

RCC FON FON FON


FLI
FON

FLI
FON

Figure 8-10. Repeater network overview

This network has a BMU with three FON units as F-net root nodes. Two
of these FONs are gateway units. A backbone W-net interconnects the
three FON units.
The three F-subnets (FLI) are connected to a number of other FON
nodes. These are connected to compact repeaters (BSC) and standard
repeaters (CU) via W-subnets (WLI).
In this network there are four gateway units connected to an RCC or
RCU unit.

LinDAS For LinDAS, there is an OCM unit instead of the BMU. Also, there are
only BSC boards in the remote hubs (no CU boards).

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IP Protocol
The IP protocol is the latest Allgon repeater communication protocol that
includes routing functionality for both wire and fiber nets and IP
addressed nodes.
The most important characteristics for the repeater IP network are listed
on page 8-6.

To be able to use the IP protocol, the BSC and CU software and the FON
software in each node included in the network has to support the IP
protocol. Contact your Allgon sales representative if in doubt about the
software support for the IP protocol version.
A diagram over the protocols and buses is shown below.

Protocol diagram
Figure 8-11 shows a protocol diagram that also includes the
communication bus types used. It also indicates the purposes of the
protocols.

Session

NS

UDP Transport

ICMP IP ROUTE Network and routing

PPP X3.28 Link and media control

RS-232 RS-485 Physical layers

Local Remote Wire Fiber

Figure 8-11. IP protocol diagram

A communication example is found in the next section.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Communication example
Figure 8-12 shows an example of communication flow in a W-net.

1 2
SW SW
OMS

UDP UDP

IP IP

PPP WLI WLI PPP

RS-232 RS-485 RS-485 RS-232

PSTN
W-net

OMT32 OMT32

Figure 8-12. Communication example

The example in the figure shows an OMT32 station that is remotely


connected to the gateway repeater 1 and logged on to repeater 2.
The example also shows another OMT32 station that is locally connected
to repeater 2 and logged on to repeater 1.
These connections can be performed simultaneously.
The OMS station in the figure has a modem pool for connecting to several
nodes simultaneously.

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IP Addresses
This section describes node interface addresses and PPP addresses.

Node interface addresses


Figure 8-13 shows the IP interfaces for a communication node, which can
be a BSC, CU or FON unit.

Local Remote Local Remote

PPP PPP PPP PPP

W-link WLI IP W-link WLI IP FLI F-link

Internal Internal

BSC/CU FON

Figure 8-13. Node IP interfaces

Example of IP addresses for the BSC, CU and FON interfaces:


Interface BSC and CU FON
Internal 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1
WLI 172.30.0.1 172.30.0.1
PPP Local 172.30.0.2 172.30.0.2
PPP Remote 172.30.0.4 172.30.0.4
FLI 172.30.1.1

PPP addresses
Figure 8-14 shows server assigned PPP addresses for an OMT32 or OMS
station and a repeater node.

The left part of Figure 8-14 shows a repeater terminated call and the
right part a repeater originated call, e.g. a callback or an alarm call.

OMT32 OMT32

172.30.0.3 172.30.0.2 172.16.35.56 172.16.35.45

Figure 8-14. Server assigned PPP addresses

LAN = 172.16.0.0 /16, repeater network = 172.30.0.0 /16.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Network Mask Characteristics


Repeater nodes connected to each other must be within the same
network.

There are no gaps allowed in the mask.


To avoid IP address collision the remote modem repeater port can use an
IP address from any class regardless of the repeater IP network class.

Subnet Characteristics
The maximum mask size is 30 bits.
There are two reserved addresses in every subnet:
Zero is the address of the subnet itself.
Max is the broadcast address.
There are two types of broadcast:
Network broadcast for the entire A, B or C net.
Subnet broadcast within the subnet.

Instructions for IP network planning is found in the next section.

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IP Network Planning
This section describes IP network planning with two examples. The step
order in these examples should be kept when planning real networks.
Before starting the network planning, a few words about address
consumption and default numbering of node interfaces.

Address Consumption and Default Numbering


The addresses for the BSC, CU and FON units are shown in Figure 8-15.

Local Remote Local Remote


#3 #5 #3 #5

#2 #4 #2 #4

W-net #1 BSC/CU W-net #1 FON #1 F-net

Figure 8-15. BSC, CU and FON addresses

BSC and CU units


Five IP addresses (#1 #5 in Figure 8-15) are required for a BSC/CU
with a modem for remote connection. Three IP addresses (#1 #3) are
required for a BSC/CU without a modem.
Address #1 is the WLI interface to BSC/CU in a W-net.
Address #2 is the PPP interface to BSC/CU for local connection.
Address #3 is the PPP interface to an OMT32/OMS for local connection.
Address #4 is the PPP interface to BSC/CU for remote connection.
Address #5 is the PPP interface to the modem for remote connection.
These addresses belong to the same subnet.
The remote port can use an The interfaces are, by default, assigned the address numbers above. If a
IP address from any class, subnet has the last IP address bit 0, then the WLI interface address is 1,
see page 8-20. the local BSC/CU address 2, and so on.

FON unit
The FON unit has five WLI and PPP addresses identical to the addresses
for the BSC/CU unit.

An additional address #1 is the FLI interface to the FON unit in an


F-net. This address is, by default, assigned the next number after the
subnet number (address 1 if the subnet address is 0).
The WLI interfaces and the FLI interface belong to different subnets.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Subnetting Example
This section describes how to find an adequate mask for the subnets in a
network, and how to create the IP addresses for these.
The subnetting is performed in the following steps:
1. Determining the number of subnets.
2. Finding the subnet with the most host addresses.
3. Determining network class (A, B or C).
4. Selecting subnet addresses.

1. Determining the number of subnets


Figure 8-16 shows an example of a triple-band repeater network with a
BMU/OCM gateway containing two modem gateways and a backbone
subnet.

BMU/OCM BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

RCC
FON FON FON
FON

BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

FON FON FON


FON

BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

FON FON FON


FON

BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

RCC
FON FON FON
FON

Figure 8-16. Number of subnets

The number of subnets in this network is 17. Four of which are F-nets
and the rest are W-nets.

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2. Finding the subnet with the most host addresses


Figure 8-17 shows one of each subnet type with the addresses indicated as
dots.

FON FON FON

RCC FON
F-subnet, 4 addresses
FON

FON BMU/OCM W-subnet, 16 addresses

FON BSC BSC BSC

FON
FON

RCC W-subnet, 12 addresses

Figure 8-17. Most number of subnet addresses

The BMU/OCM backbone W-subnet contains 16 addresses, which is the


highest number of addresses in any of the subnets.

3. Determining network class (A, B or C)


In this example there are:
17 subnets.
16 host addresses at the most in a subnet.
First, try with class C network (255.255.255.0).
For the 17 subnets, a mask with five subnet bits (25 = 32) is required.
This gives: 255.255.255.ssshhhhh where sss = subnet bits.
Three bits remain for the host addresses, which give 23 2 = 6 host
addresses (two addresses are required for 1 subnet ID address and
1 subnet broadcast address).

The class C network is not enough for this example.


A class B network has to be used (255.255.0.0).
The 17 subnets require a mask with five subnet bits (25 = 32) and the
16 host addresses require a mask with four host bits (24 = 16).
The following 21 bit subnet mask will perhaps match this example:
(11111111.11111111.11111000.00000000)2 = 255.255.248.0 (/21).
It gives 32 subnets with 2048 host addresses, which is an avoidable
number of host addresses.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

The subnet mask can be changed to:


(11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000)2 = 255.255.255.0 (/24).
It gives 256 subnets with 256 2 = 254 host addresses, which will do.

4. Selecting subnet addresses


The private network address ranges are:
Class A 10.0.0.0
Class B 172.16.0.0 172.31.0.0 (16)
Class C 192.168.0.0 192.168.255.0 (256)
To avoid interference with commonly used private IP addresses, we
recommend to use the following class B and class C address ranges:
Class B 172.17.x.x 172.30.x.x
Class C 192.168.10.x 192.168.250.x
If the customers network address is known, then select another network
address.
The remote port can use an IP address from any class, see page 8-20.
In this example a class B network address is required.
Start with subnet ID 172.17.0.0 and select addresses from the following
subnet address list for mask 255.255.255.0 (/24).

IP address mask 255.255.255.0 (/24)


# Subnet ID Address range Broadcast
1 172.17.0.0 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.254 172.17.0.255
2 172.17.1.0 172.17.1.1 172.17.1.254 172.17.1.255
3 172.17.2.0 172.17.2.1 172.17.2.254 172.17.2.255
4 172.17.3.0 172.17.3.1 172.17.3.254 172.17.3.255
5 172.17.4.0 172.17.4.1 172.17.4.254 172.17.4.255
6 172.17.5.0 172.17.5.1 172.17.5.254 172.17.5.255
7 172.17.6.0 172.17.6.1 172.17.6.254 172.17.6.255
8 172.17.7.0 172.17.7.1 172.17.7.254 172.17.7.255
9 172.17.8.0 172.17.8.1 172.17.8.254 172.17.8.255
10 172.17.9.0 172.17.9.1 172.17.9.254 172.17.9.255
11 172.17.10.0 172.17.10.1 172.17.10.54 172.17.10.255
12 172.17.11.0 172.17.11.1 172.17.11.254 172.17.11.255
13 172.17.12.0 172.17.12.1 172.17.12.254 172.17.12.255
14 172.17.13.0 172.17.13.1 172.17.13.254 172.17.13.255
15 172.17.14.0 172.17.14.1 172.17.14.254 172.17.14.255
16 172.17.15.0 172.17.15.1 172.17.15.254 172.17.15.255
17 172.17.16.0 172.17.16.1 172.17.16.254 172.17.16.255
.. ... ... ... ...
256 172.17.255.0 172.17.256.1 172.17.255.254 172.17.255.255

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It is recommended to use an IP subnet calculator when planning IP


network addresses. An example of such a tool is a freeware calculator that
can be downloaded from www.wildpackets.com.
In the following sections you can see the subnet IDs and addresses for
this example.

Subnet IDs
Figure 8-18 shows the subnet IDs in the current example.

172.17.5.0 172.17.6.0 172.17.7.0


BMU/OCM BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

RCC
FON FON FON
172.17.1.0
FON

172.17.8.0 172.17.9.0 172.17.10.0


BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

FON FON FON


172.17.2.0
FON
172.17.0.0

172.17.11.0 172.17.12.0 172.17.13.0


BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

FON FON FON


172.17.3.0
FON

172.17.14.0 172.17.15.0 172.17.16.0


BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC

FON FON FON


172.17.4.0
FON

RCC

Figure 8-18. Subnet IDs

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

BMU/OCM backbone W-subnet


The IP addresses in the BMU/OCM backbone W-subnet are detailed below.

BMU/OCM
RCC

FON 1

FON 2

172.17.0.0

FON 3

FON 4

RCC

Figure 8-19. BMU/OCM backbone W-subnet

Subnet: 1
Subnet ID: 172.17.0.0
Range: 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.254
Broadcast: 172.17.0.255

Unit WLI Gateway Modem


FON 1 172.17.0.1 0.0.0.0 172.17.0.4
FON 2 172.17.0.6 172.17.0.1
FON 3 172.17.0.11 172.17.0.16
FON 4 172.17.0.16 0.0.0.0 172.17.0.19

Gateway address 0.0.0.0 is a modem gateway address, i.e. the unit has an
own modem.
It is recommended not to configure the modem units (FON 1 and FON 4)
in the backbone W-net as NS. If FON 2 and FON 3 are configured as NS
instead, then the workload will be better distributed. FON 2 is selected to
be the primary NS and FON 3 the secondary NS.
Primary NS: 172.17.0.6
Secondary NS: 172.17.0.11

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F-subnet
The IP addresses in one of the F-subnets are detailed below.

BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC BSC


1:1:1 1:1:2 1:1:3 1:2:1 1:2:2 1:2:3 1:3:1 1:3:2 1:3:3

FON 1:1 FON 1:2 FON 1:3


172.17.1.0
FON 1

Figure 8-20. F-subnet

Subnet: 2
Subnet ID: 172.17.1.0
Range: 172.17.1.1 172.17.1.254
Broadcast: 172.17.1.255

Unit FLI Gateway Control station


FON 1 172.17.1.1 0.0.0.0 Yes
FON 1:1 172.17.1.2 172.17.1.1 No
FON 1:2 172.17.1.3 172.17.1.1 No
FON 1:3 172.17.1.4 172.17.1.1 No

W-subnet
Finally, the IP addresses in one of the W-subnet.

172.17.5.0
BSC BSC BSC
1:1:1 1:1:2 1:1:3

FON 1:1

Figure 8-21. W-subnet

Subnet: 5
Subnet ID: 172.17.5.0
Range: 172.17.5.1 172.17.5.254
Broadcast: 172.17.5.255

Unit WLI Gateway Control station


FON 1:1 172.17.5.1 0.0.0.0 Yes
BSC 1:1:1 172.17.5.6 172.17.5.1 Yes
BSC 1:1:2 172.17.5.11 172.17.5.1 Yes
BSC 1:1:3 172.17.5.16 172.17.5.1 Yes

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

IP Network Configuration
This section describes how to configure repeater nodes in IP networks.
Information about how to log on to an IP repeater node is found in
Chapter 4, Getting Started.
The description is divided into the following main parts:

W-net
Network overview, page 8-29.
Node configuration, page 8-30.
Network statistics, page 8-31.

F-net
Network overview, page 8-32.
Node configuration, page 8-33.
Network statistics, page 8-34.

Common parts for W-nets and F-nets


Alarm modems, page 8-35.
IP Parameters, page 8-36.
PPP Users, page 8-37.
OMS alarm PPP users, page 8-38.
Troubleshooting, page 8-38.
Some of the network menu options are troubleshooting tools. These are
only pointed out in this section. Troubleshooting is found in Chapter 9.

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W-Net Overview
Current W-net information can be shown in an information box.
To open this box, select the R2R / WLI option in the Network menu,
and then the Network Overview option.

The network overview box, in which no modification can be made, is


shown.

Figure 8-22. W-net overview

The information shown in this box refers to the W-subnet on page 8-27.
Box description:
Name The name of the node.
IP Address The WLI address to the node.
Physical ID The MAC ID of the node.
LogID The logical node ID in the network.
Active Yes The node is in operation.
No The master node gets no poll reply from this node.
Alterations are shown by clicking the Refresh button.
PCS Yes The node is currently the master node (primary control
station) and controls the net communication.
No The node is not currently the master node.
CS Yes The node has Control station capability.
No The node has not Control station capability.
Control station capability is further described on page 8-30.
Click the Refresh button to get current information from the node.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

W-Net Node Configuration


Connect and log on to the node locally using a serial cable.

To open the node configuration dialog box, select the R2R / WLI option
in the Network menu, and then the Node Configuration option.

Figure 8-23. W-net node configuration

Physical ID
Shows the MAC ID of the node.

Control station capability


Checking this box means that this node can be the master node if the
current master node has ceased to work.
Several nodes in a W-net can be set to Control station.
At least one node must be set to Control station in the network. It is
recommended to select all the nodes.

When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater node.
The node has to reboot to set changes in effect. Confirm a restart in the
dialog box shown.

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W-Net Statistics
Available W-net statistics can be shown in an information box.
To open the statistics box, select the R2R / WLI option in the Network
menu, and then the Statistics option.

Figure 8-24. W-net statistics

The statistics box shows information about transmission messages, bytes


and errors for the current node.
Click the Refresh button to get current information from the node.

Click the Reset button to reset the statistics calculation.

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F-Net Overview
Current F-net information can be shown in an information box.
To open this box, select the FLI option in the Network menu, and then
the Network Overview option.

The network overview box, in which no modification can be made, is


shown.

Figure 8-25. F-net overview

The information shown in this box refers to the F-subnet on page 8-27.
Box description:
Name The name of the node.
IP Address The FLI address to the node.
Physical ID The MAC ID of the node.
LogID The logical node ID in the network.
Active Yes The node is in operation.
No The master node gets no poll reply from this node.
Alterations are shown by clicking the Refresh button.
PCS Yes The node is currently the master node (primary control
station) and controls the net communication.
No The node is not currently the master node.
CS Yes The node has Control station capability.
No The node has not Control station capability.
Control station capability is further described on page 8-33.
Click the Refresh button to get current information from the node.

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F-Net Node Configuration


Connect and log on to the node locally or remotely.

To open the node configuration dialog box, select the FLI option in the
Network menu, and then the Node Configuration option.

Figure 8-26. F-net node configuration

Physical ID
Shows the MAC ID of the node.

Control station capability


Checking this box means that this node becomes the master node. Only
one node in an F-subnet is allowed to have Control station capability.
Select the root node to Control station. The root node is the node marked
CS in Figure 8-4 on page 8-9.
Only one node is allowed to be set to Control station in an F-subnet and
it has to be the root node.
If more than one node is set to Control station, then the subnet will not
work.
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater node.

The node has to reboot to set changes in effect. Confirm a restart in the
dialog box shown.

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F-Net Statistics
Available F-net statistics can be shown in an information box.
To open the statistics box, select the FLI option in the Network menu,
and then the Statistics option.

Figure 8-27. F-net statistics

The statistics box shows information about transmission messages, bytes


and errors for the current node.
Click the Refresh button to get current information from the node.

Click the Reset button to reset the statistics calculation.

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IP Alarm Modems
This configuration defines which modems to be used for alarm reporting,
the order they are to be used, and the number of tries before giving up.
To open the configuration box, select the Alarm Modems option in the
Network menu.

Figure 8-28. Alarm modems

When reporting alarms, normally to an OMS station, the nodes in a


network can use modems connected to themselves (local modems) or
modems connected to other nodes in the same network.
The left list in the dialog box contains available modem nodes. The right
box shows currently selected modem nodes. The order of the modems in
the right list reflects the order in which they are to be used. You can
change the order by moving a highlighted modem upwards or downwards
with the buttons.
Modem nodes can be added and removed from the right list by means of
the left and right arrow buttons.
The number of call attempts before giving up should be set to somewhat
more than the number of nodes in the subnet.
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater node.

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IP Parameters
The IP addresses calculated in the IP Network Planning section is entered
into the nodes in the following dialog box.
To open the IP parameters dialog box, select the IP Parameters option
in the Network menu.

Figure 8-29. IP address parameters

The information shown in Figure 8-29 refers to the FON 1 node in the
W-subnet described on page 8-26 and in the F-subnet described on
page 8-27.
DNS points to the node that run the NS. If the DNS Primary address is
the same as the WLI IP-Address, then it acts like an NS.
For stand-alone repeaters, the WLI IP-Address and the DNS Primary
address should be the same.
The OMS Primary address is used when the repeater dials in to the
corporate network to send spontaneous alarms to OMS. This address
should be the same as the IP address for the workstation running OMS.
The OMS Secondary address cannot be used in this OMT32 version.

Click the Refresh button to get current IP addresses from from the node.

When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater node.
The node has to reboot to set changes in effect. Confirm a restart in the
dialog box shown.

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PPP Users
There is a PPP user list that is opened by selecting the PPP User option
in the Network menu.

Figure 8-30. Repeater PPP users list

This list contains all the PPP users that are allowed to connect to the
network. It also indicates weather a callback is required for connection.
Callback can be set to Must, May or Must not for each user, which also
reflects the requirement of a callback for the users.
User names can be added, deleted and changed by means of the buttons.
Click the Refresh button to get current information from the node.

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Repeater OMS Alarm Users


There is a PPP user list for repeater alarm users that is opened by
selecting the OMS Alarm User option in the Network menu.

Figure 8-31. OMS alarm PPP users

This list contains those PPP users that the repeater uses to connect to
the corporate network to spontaneously deliver alarms to an OMS.
There must be a corresponding dial-in user configured in the corporate
network RAS server.
This list can hold two users, but do not enter more than one. Only one user
can be used.
If there is no user in this box, then the repeater is not able to deliver
spontaneous alarms to the OMS.
Callback is not supported.
Alarm users can be added, deleted and changed by clicking the
appropriate buttons.
Click the Refresh button to get current repeater alarm user information
from the node.

Troubleshooting
The following options in the Network submenu are fault tracing tools and
are therefore described in Chapter 9, Troubleshooting:

Link Speed (W-nets only).


Advanced Node Configuration.

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R2R Network Description


This section describes the R2R (Repeater to Repeater) network and node
configuration for R2R networks.

PSTN PSTN

Figure 8-32. R2R network with four nodes

The R2R network is an Allgon specific repeater network that can handle
up to 13 repeaters, one or several of which can be gateway repeaters for
communication with an OMT32 or an OMS station via modem.
All new Allgon repeaters have the R2R functionality. Old repeaters can be
upgraded with an R2R network kit, provided the repeaters meet the below
described requirements.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Requirements
To be able to use an R2R network, the following hardware and software is
required.

Hardware
DIA board K105/1 version R2A or higher.
RIA board The RIA board is required if the K105/1 DIA board has a
version lower than R3A.
CU board K103/2 version R1A or higher.

Software
CU SA102 02/1 version R3A or higher.

Information for upgrading old repeaters with the R2R network is found in
an R2R installation guide (Allgon part # VD202 91/EN).

Protocol
SLW (Sliding Window) is an Allgon specific protocol developed for the
R2R network.
The SLW protocol and the IP protocol do not support each other and they
can, consequently, not be mixed in any node.

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R2R Network Configuration


This section describes how to configure repeater nodes in R2R networks.
Information about how to log on to an R2R repeater node is found in
Chapter 4, Getting Started.
The description is divided into the following main parts:

Network overview, page 8-42.


Node configuration, page 8-43.
Network statistics, page 8-44.
Alarm modems, page 8-45.
Troubleshooting, page 8-46.
Some of the network menu options are troubleshooting tools. These are
only pointed out in this section. Troubleshooting is found in Chapter 9.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Network Overview
Current R2R net settings can be shown in an information box.
To open this network information box, select the R2R / WLI option in
the Network menu, and then the Network Overview option.

The network overview box, in which no modification can be made, is


shown.

Figure 8-33. R2R net overview

This box shows the following information about the current network:
Physical ID The MAC ID of the node.
LogID The logical node ID in the network.
NwID The node ID in the network (see page 8-43).
00 means stand-alone repeater.
Active Yes The node is in operation.
No The node is not in operation.
PCS Yes The node is currently the master node (primary control
station) and controls the net communication.
No The node is not currently the master node.
CS Yes The node has Control station capability.
No The node has not Control station capability.
Control station capability is further described on page 8-43.
Click the Refresh button to get current information from the node.

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Node Configuration
Connect and log on to the node locally using a serial cable.

To open the node configuration dialog box, select the R2R / WLI option
in the Network menu, and then the Node Configuration option.

Figure 8-34. R2R node configuration

Physical ID
Shows the MAC ID of the node.

Network ID
Set the Network ID to a unique number between 1 and 13. Number 0
means a stand-alone repeater.

Network enable
Check this box to enable the node for R2R network. Uncheck for
stand-alone repeater.

Control station capability


Checking this box means that this node can be the master node if the
current master node has ceased to work. Several nodes in an R2R net can
be set to Control station.

At least one node must be set to Control station in the network. It is


recommended to select all the nodes.
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater node.
The node has to reboot to set changes in effect. Confirm a restart in the
dialog box shown.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Network Statistics
Available R2R net statistics can be shown in an information box.
To open the statistics box, select the R2R / WLI option in the Network
menu, and then the Statistics option.

Figure 8-35. R2R net statistics

The statistics box shows information about transmission messages, bytes


and errors for the current node.
Click the Refresh button to get current information from the node.

Click the Reset button to reset the statistics calculation.

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Alarm Modems
This configuration defines which modems to be used for alarm reporting,
the order they are to be used, and the number of tries before giving up.
To open the configuration box, select the Alarm Modems option in the
Network menu.

Figure 8-36. R2R alarm modems

When reporting alarms, normally to an OMS station, the nodes in a


network can use modems connected to themselves (local modems) or
modems connected to other nodes in the same network.
The list in the dialog box contains the currently defined modems. The
order of the modems in the list reflects the order in which they are to be
used. You can change the order by moving a highlighted modem upwards
or downwards with the buttons.
Modem nodes can be added, removed or changed. The following box is an
example on how to add network unit 2 to the list.

Figure 8-37. Adding modem

Modem 0 means the first modem of the node, but no node can handle
more than one modem. So, the modem number should always be set to 0.

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Network OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

In the lower part of the dialog box, the number of call attempts before
giving up can be set.

12 0 1 2 3

PSTN PSTN PSTN

Figure 8-38. Three gateway repeaters

The settings in Figure 8-36 will result in the following call attempts by
the three gateway nodes shown in Figure 8-38:
Unit 0 unit 1 unit 2 unit 0 unit 1 giving up.
This makes five attempts in the order set in the list.
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater node.

Troubleshooting
The following options in the Network menu are fault tracing tools and are
therefore described in Chapter 9, Troubleshooting:

Link Speed.
Advanced Node Configuration.
There is also an information box that shows R2R communication status,
also described in Chapter 9.

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9. Troubleshooting
This chapter contains troubleshooting information and testpoints.
The following descriptions are included:

Troubleshooting tools and instructions


Local IP connection, page 9-2.
OMT32 modem troubleshooting, page 9-3.
Repeater modem troubleshooting, page 9-7.
Modem to modem communication status, page 9-8.
Network troubleshooting, page 9-10.

Testpoints
General information, page 9-13.
Channel selective CHA boards for GSM, page 9-14.
Channel selective CSA/PA boards for CDMA and WCDMA, page 9-16.
Band selective BSA/PA boards, page 9-18.
Band selective BSC boards, RF testpoints, page 9-20.
Fiber optical unit, page 9-22.
DMB repeaters, page 9-23.
BA board, page 9-24.
CU board, page 9-26.
Band selective BSC boards, CU testpoints, page 9-28.
Repeater modem, page 9-30.
MRX testpoints, page 9-32.

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Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Local IP Connection
This section describes a problem that might occur at local connection to a
node in an IP net, and the remedy for it.

Sporadic line lost


For some types of PCs in combination with long RS-232 cable for local IP
connection, the line may be lost sporadically. A message saying something
about lost carrier is shown.
The cause of this problem is that the RAS driver uses the DCD (Data
Carrier Detect) line to determine if the line is lost even for local
connection. Since the DCD line is unconnected on the FON/BSC and DIA
boards, the line is floating.

Due to this, a PC port with a high impedance line receiver might change
the DCD line status sporadically and thus cause the RAS driver to hang
up the connection.

Remedy
A D-SUB 9-pin adapter, interconnected as shown in Figure 9-1, is
connected to the PC port.

D-SUB D-SUB
1. DCD 1. DCD
2. RXD 2. RXD
3. TXD 3. TXD
4. DTR 4. DTR
5. GND 5. GND
6. DSR 6. DSR
7. RTS 7. RTS
8. CTS 8. CTS
9. RI 9. RI

Figure 9-1. DCD adapter

On current FON/BSC and DIA boards, this problem is solved.

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OMT32 Modem
This section describes some problems that may occur and the remedies for
them. It also describes an OMT32 modem debug tool for general
troubleshooting of the OMT32 modem.

Network Connection
It is very important that the RAS (Remote Access Service) settings are
correct when connecting to an IP network. The first section below details
where the setting information is found.

IP network settings
To be able to access repeaters in an IP network from an OMT32 station
you have to perform the RAS settings found in the omt_ras.html file in
the Doc folder on the OMT32 CD-ROM.
Cannot connect to an IP network remotely.
The RAS setting is correct, but a message like this turns up:
The port is already in use or is not configured for Remote Access dial out.
The message may vary for different operative systems.

Figure 9-2. IP network connection error

The alarm reception feature may have occupied the communication path
for the modem port.

Remedy
Turn off the remote repeater alarm reception as follows:

Select the Disable Remote Alarms option in the OMT Preferences


menu and confirm to disable the alarm reception.

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Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Cannot connect to a repeater or a network remotely.


A message like this turns up: Cannot initiate communication.

Figure 9-3. Network connection error

The remote connection parameters are probably not properly set.

Remedy
Select the Remote Connection option in the OMT Preferences menu.

In the Remote Connection Parameters dialog box, make sure that correct
COM port is selected and that the speed is set to 9600.

Figure 9-4. Remote connection parameters

The settings in the upper part of this dialog box can also be made in the
OMT32 setup program (described in the Initial OMT32 Settings section in
Chapter 2).

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Modem Debug Tool


An OMT32 modem debug tool is included in the OMT32 software.
To be able to use this tool, the OMT32 modem has to be switched on and
have no call in progress.
To open the modem debug tool, select the OMT Modem Debug option in
the Advanced menu.

Figure 9-5. OMT modem debug tool

Commands can be entered to the OMT32 modem either by typing them


on the command line and clicking the Send button or by selecting from a
list (see below).
Responses from the modem are shown in the upper part of the window.
This button opens a cellular AT command list box in which you can send
commands to the modem either by double-clicking a command or by
selecting a command and clicking the Send button.

Figure 9-6. Cellular modem AT commands

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Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

The Edit button enters a selected command to the command line where
you can edit the command before sending it to the modem.
This button opens a Hayes AT command list box that works in the same
way as the previous command list box.

Figure 9-7. Hayes modem AT commands

This button sets the modem in command mode.

All commands and responses from the modem can be printed out by
clicking this button.

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Repeater Modem
This section describes a repeater modem debug tool for general
troubleshooting of the repeater modem.

Modem Debug Tool


An repeater modem debug tool is included in the OMT32 software.

To be able to use this tool, the OMT32 station has to be connected locally
to the repeater. The repeater and the repeater modem has to be switched
on and have no call in progress.
To open the modem debug tool, select the Repeater Modem Debug
option in the Advanced menu.

Figure 9-8. Repeater modem debug tool

This debug tool works in the same way as the OMT32 modem debug tool
described on page 9-5.

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Modem to Modem Communication


This section describes an information box for modem to modem
communication status, available for repeaters with SLW protocol.

SLW Communication Status


A communication status box is included in the OMT32 software. This
information box shows status for communication between an OMT32
modem and a repeater modem.

This box is available for repeaters with SLW protocol only (stand-alone
repeaters or gateway repeaters in R2R nets).
To open the status box, select the Communication Link Status option
in the Advanced menu.

Figure 9-9. SLW communication status

The communication status box contains the following entries:

Link is
Current communication status, which can be CONNECTED or
DISCONNECTED.

Callback TO
Callback timer counting the time while waiting for a callback.

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SlwMode
Sliding Window (SLW) protocol mode, which can be:
DISCONNECTED MODE if not connected.
NO PROTOCOL MODE when connected using a -proto switch.
PROTOCOL MODE when connected normally.
PROTOCOL REQUEST MODE and WAITING FOR PROTOCOL
MODE during link establishment.
PROTOCOL RESET MODE and CLOSING PROTOCOL MODE
during shutdown.

Port
OMT32 station COM port and bit transfer rate to and from the OMT32
station modem.
If not connected to a repeater, the following information can be shown:
Port not connected if not connected.
Port not available if OMT32 cannot open the COM port.

DTR, DSR, RTS, CTS, CD, RI


Current state of the modem pins.

Current link connection data


Communication data during current connection, which comprises the
following entries:
Connection time counted from the connection establishment.
Messages that indicates link throughput in number of packages and
characters per seconds.
Link quality where 1.000 is 100% transferred bits.
Receive errors that indicates the number of received errors.

Previous link connection data


Communication data at the end of the last connection, which comprises
the same entries as the current link connection data.

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Network
This section describes the following options in the Network menu, which
are fault tracing tools:

Link Speed, page 9-11.


Advanced Node Configuration, page 9-12.
See also the transmission details in the statistics information windows in
Chapter 8. These can be helpful when troubleshooting networks.

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Link Transfer Speed


A reason for communication problems in a W-net or an R2R net can be a
faulty transfer speed setting.
The data transfer speed must be the same for all nodes in a network. Set
the link speed to 38400 baud.

To set the transfer speed, connect to a repeater node as follows:


W-net only. Connect to a W-net repeater node either locally or remotely.
R2R net only. Connect to an R2R repeater node locally.

Open the link transfer speed dialog box by selecting the R2R / WLI
option in the Network menu, and then the Link Speed option.

Figure 9-10. W-net and R2R link speed

If the data transfer speed is 38400 baud, then click the Close button.
If the data transfer speed is anything else than 38400 baud, then change
to 38400.
When ready, click the Update button to download the settings to the
repeater node.
The repeater node must be restarted after this setting.

Figure 9-11. Repeater restart after setting

Click Yes to restart and let the new setting take effect.
Repeat this procedure for those repeater nodes that have indicated a
problem.

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Advanced Node Configuration


An advanced troubleshooting tool for node configuration is included in the
OMT32 software. This tool is available for all the network types, i.e.
W-net, F-net and R2R net.
To be able to use this tool, connect to a repeater node as follows:
W-net and F-net. Connect to a W-net or an F-net repeater node either locally or remotely.
R2R net only. Connect to an R2R repeater node locally.

Open the node configuration dialog box by selecting the R2R / WLI or
the FLI option in the Network menu, and then the Advanced Node
Configuration option.

Figure 9-12. Advanced node configuration

The entries in this dialog box are not explained here because you need a
solid knowledge about the functions to be able to change any settings
without making major problems.
If you are not familiar with the entries in this dialog box, do not change
any value.
If you want to reset all values in the dialog box to the default settings,
then click the Restore Default button.
If you have made modifications that you want to save, then click the
Update button to download the settings to the repeater node.

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Testpoints
In the testpoints window you can read testpoint values essential for the
operation.
To open the testpoint window, click the testpoint button or select the
Testpoints option in the Operations menu. Then choose the desired
option, depending on what testpoints you want to examine:

Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA)
BA Testpoints
CU Board
Modem
If you are connected to a combined channel/band selective repeater, then
you can swap between channel selective active part and band selective
active part (described in Chapter 6, Repeater Operations).

Testpoint descriptions
Testpoint descriptions for several repeater subunits are found on the
following pages. The subunit type shown is dependent on the repeater
type.

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Channel Selective CHA Boards for GSM


Select the Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA) option in the Testpoints
submenu.

Figure 9-13. Testpoints, CHA boards

The testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values from


the selected CHA board.
Select board by clicking a CHA board in the Downlink or Uplink frames.

n/a in a field means that there is no such voltage on the board.


Field description:

Select channel amplifier unit


Downlink or uplink CHA board can be selected. Information about the
two channels on the selected CHA board is shown in the two frames below.

PA Temp 1, PA Temp 2
Power amplifier temperature, which should be below +90C.

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Power 1, Power 2
Output power to the antenna. Should be within a range from 1dBm to
34dBm, or to a maximum level set by the system specifications.

GC 1, GC 2, GC 1B, GC 2B
Gain control voltage provided by the processor and fed to the control
inputs of the two voltage controlled attenuators.
The voltage level can be between 0V and 5V.

MPC 1, MPC 2
Voltage levels applied to the max. output power control circuitry, a
feature which limits the output power.
The voltage level can be between 0V and 5V.

PABIAS1, PABIAS2
Voltage levels applied to control the PA bias.
The voltage level can be between 0V and 5V.

SYNT_1D, SYNT_2D
These fields show the text LOCKED when the frequency synthesizers are
locked, otherwise UNLOCKED.
If UNLOCKED is shown with stable text, the channel may be switched off
and no fault has occurred.
If UNLOCKED is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

5V 1A, 5V 1B, 5V 2A, 5V 2B


These fields show the text ON when the supply voltage is within the
range, otherwise OFF.

If OFF is shown with stable text, the channel may be switched off and no
fault has occurred.
If OFF/ON is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

5V NEG
Shows the presence of negative 5V supply voltage.

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Channel Selective CSA/PA Boards for CDMA and WCDMA


Select the Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA) option in the Testpoints
submenu.

Figure 9-14. Testpoints, CSA/PA boards

The testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values from


the selected CSA board and the corresponding PA board. Select board by
clicking a CSA board in the Select active CSA section.
n/a in a field means that there is no such voltage on the board.
Field description:

Select active CSA


Downlink or uplink CSA board with corresponding PA board can be
selected. Information about the two boards is shown in the two frames.
Both the CSA board channels are shown (Channel 1 and Channel 2).

CSA Board Temp.


The CSA board temperature, which should be below +90C.

GC A, GC B, GC C
Gain control voltage provided by the processor and fed to the control
inputs of the voltage controlled attenuators. The voltage level can be
between 0V and 5V.

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OUTATT
Control voltage provided by the processor and fed to the control input of
an output attenuator. The voltage level can be between 0V and 5V.

SYNT_D
These fields show the text LOCKED when the frequency synthesizers are
locked, otherwise UNLOCKED.
If UNLOCKED is shown with stable text, then the channel may be
switched off and no fault has occurred.
If UNLOCKED is shown with flashing text, then a fault has occurred.

5V A, 5V B, 5V C
These fields show the text ON when the supply voltage is within the
range, otherwise OFF.
If OFF is shown with stable text, the channel may be switched off and no
fault has occurred.
If OFF/ON is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

PA Board Temp.
The PA board temperature, which should be below +90C.

CDMA Power
Output power to the antenna. Should be within a range from 1dBm to
34dBm, or to a maximum level set by the system specifications.

PAPIN
Control voltage provided by the processor and fed to the control input of a
PIN attenuator. The voltage level can be between 0V and 5V.

VBIAS
Bias voltage provided by the processor. The voltage level can be between
0V and 5V.

IPA
IPA stands for Amps Power Amplifier, i.e. the collector current in the
output power amplifier push-pull stage. Typical current at low power is
0.4 0.5 Amp. and at high power 0.6 0.7 Amp.

IDRV
IDRV stands for Amps Driver, i.e. the driver amplifier current. Typical
current at low power is 0.3 0.4 Amp. and at high power 0.6 0.7 Amp.

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Band Selective BSA/PA Boards


Select the Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA) option in the Testpoints
submenu.

Figure 9-15. Testpoints, BSA/PA boards

The testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values from


the selected BSA board and the corresponding PA board.
Select board by clicking Downlink or Uplink in the upper part of the
window.

n/a means that there is no such voltage on the board.


Field description:

Select BSA/PA link


Downlink or uplink BSA board and corresponding PA board is selected by
clicking one of these switches.

PA Temp
Power amplifier temperature. If the PA power amplifier board is switched
off, this field is empty.
The temperature should be below +90C.

Amplifier PEP
Output power from the PA stage in dBmPEP. When the power level is less
than 1dBm, is shown.
Measurement range: 24dBmPEP to 34dBmPEP.

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IFDet
IF detector voltage, which can be 0 2.5V, where higher voltage indicates
higher IF signal, and vice versa.

Currents IPAL, IPAR, IDRV


Collector currents in the output power amplifier push-pull stages
measured in Amp.
Typical current at high and low power levels:

Current Meaning High power Low power


IPAL Amps PA Left 0.6 0.7 Amp. 0.4 0.5 Amp.
IPAR Amps PA Right 0.6 0.7 Amp. 0.4 0.5 Amp.
IDRV Amps Driver 0.4 0.5 Amp. 0.3 0.4 Amp.

BSA Voltages 5VA, 5VB, 5VC, 5VD, 5VE, 5VF


These fields show the text ON when the supply voltage is within an
allowed range, otherwise OFF.
If OFF is shown with stable text, the BSA board may be switched off and
no fault has occurred.
If OFF is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

Synt. state RF Synt, IF Synt1, IF Synt2


Shows the text LOCKED when the RF and IF synthesizers are locked,
otherwise UNLOCKED.
If UNLOCKED is shown with stable text, the BSA board may be switched
off and no fault has occurred.
If UNLOCKED is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

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Band Selective BSC Boards, RF Testpoints


This section describes the RF part of the BSC boards for compact ALR
repeaters.
Select the Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA) option in the Testpoints
submenu.

Figure 9-16. RF testpoints, BSC board

The testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values from


the RF part of the BSC board.
The left part of the window contains downlink information and the right
part uplink information.
Field description:

Output power
Output power from the BSC board (before filters) in dBmPEP.

IFDet
IF detector voltage, which can be 0 5V, where higher voltage indicates
higher IF signal, and vice versa.

Temp.
The board temperature near the PA stage. Should be below +90C.

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Synthesizer 1, 2
Shows the text LOCKED when the frequency synthesizers are locked,
otherwise UNLOCKED.
If UNLOCKED is shown with stable text, the BSC board may be switched
off and no fault has occurred.

If UNLOCKED is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

5V, 5VNEG
These fields show the text ON when the +5V supply voltage is within an
allowed range in the RF part of the BSC board, otherwise OFF.
If OFF is shown with stable text, the BSC board may be switched off and
no fault has occurred.
If OFF is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.
5VNEG may indicate ON if the 5V supply is off.

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Fiber Optical Unit


This section describes the FON (Fiber Optic Node) board in the FOU
(Fiber Optic Unit).
Select the Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA) option in the Testpoints
submenu.

Figure 9-17. Testpoints, FON board

The testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values from


the FON board in the FOU.
Field description:

5VA(Tx), 5VB(Rx)
Testpoint in the laser transmitter (Tx) and in the optical receiver (Rx).
These fields show the text ON when the +5V supply voltage is within an
allowed range in the FON board, otherwise OFF.
If OFF is shown with stable text, the FON board may be switched off and
no fault has occurred.

If OFF is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

5VNeg
5V testpoint. Should be approx. 5V.

Tx stable
Control loop voltage for the laser transmitter. Should be approx. 1V.

Rx level
Optical signal strength in dBm, or an indication weather the signal
strength is below or above the range.

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DMB Repeaters
This section describes the DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) L-band
repeaters.
Select the Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA) option in the Testpoints
submenu.

Figure 9-18. Testpoints, DMB repeaters

The testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values from


the selected CSA board and the corresponding PA board. Select board by
clicking a CSA board in the Select active CSA section.
n/a in a field means that there is no such voltage on the board.
All the fields in this window corresponds with the CSA/PA window for
CDMA and WCDMA repeaters. The description for CDMA on page 9-16 is
thus applicable also for the DMB repeaters.

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BA Unit
This section describes the BA (Booster Amplifier) unit for CDMA
repeaters.
Select the BA Testpoints option in the Testpoints submenu.

Figure 9-19. Testpoints, BA board

The BA board testpoint window shows continuously updated measured


values from the BA board.
n/a means that there is no such voltage on the board.
Field description:

BA
The ON/OFF state of the BA board.

BA Output
Output power in dBm from the BA stage to the downlink antenna port.

BA Output RMS
Output power in dBm RMS from the BA stage to the downlink antenna
port.

Temperature
Current BA board temperature in degrees Celsius.

BA Current
The current consumption for the BA unit.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Troubleshooting

NEG5
Shows the presence of negative 5V supply voltage.

Supply
The BA power supply voltage.

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Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

CU Board
Select the CU Board option in the Testpoints submenu.

Figure 9-20. Testpoints, CU board

The CU board testpoint window shows continuously updated measured


values from the CU board.
Field description:

PSU Status PSU1, PSU2


On/off status for PSU1 located in the cabinet, and PSU2 located in the
cover if the cover is equipped.

Alarm Inputs EAL1, EAL2, EAL3, EAL4


The alarm status for the four external alarm inputs. These alarm inputs
are intended for external alarm detectors, e.g. relays, switches, etc.
The alarm status is indicated as follows:
With steady text OFF for neither initiated nor activated alarms (and
after Ceasing).
With steady text ON for initiated but not activated alarms.
With flashing text ON for activated alarms.
The external alarm inputs EAL1 EAL4 are further described in the
Alarm Overview section in Chapter 7, Alarms and Events, and in the
repeater manual.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Troubleshooting

Measured Values Input LNA Atten. Control


Gain control voltages attached to the uplink and downlink LNA antenna
input low noise amplifiers.
Low voltage (<0.5VDC) means maximum LNA gain.
Voltage range: 0V 5VDC.

CU battery
The CU board battery used by the calendar clock and event log memory.
The battery voltage should be between 2.7V and 3.5V.
May raise an alarm if the repeater has been shut down for more than two
weeks.

Temp. now
Current CU board temperature in C.

Temp. max.
The highest measured CU board temperature since the last alarm reset.
This temperature is reset to the currently measured temperature when an
alarm reset is performed. Alarm reset is described in Chapter 7, Alarms
and Events.

Temp. min.
The lowest measured CU board temperature since the last alarm reset.

REFO drift
Shows a supervision count value for the reference oscillator (REFO)
frequency counter.

The count value shall be within 10.

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Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Band Selective BSC Boards, CU Testpoints


This section describes the CU part of the BSC boards for compact ALR
repeaters.
Select the CU Board option in the Testpoints submenu.

Figure 9-21. CU testpoints, BSC board

The testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values from


the CU part of the BSC board.

Field description:

PSM status PSM


On/off status for the PSM (Power Supply Module).

10V
This voltage shall be between 9.5V and 11V.

6V
This voltage shall be between 5.8V and 7V.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Troubleshooting

Alarm Inputs EAL1, EAL2, EAL3, EAL4, Door


The alarm status for the four external alarm inputs. These alarm inputs
are intended for external alarm detectors, e.g. relays, switches, etc.
The alarm status is indicated as follows:
With steady text OFF for neither initiated nor activated alarms (and
after Ceasing).
With steady text ON for initiated but not activated alarms.
With flashing text ON for activated alarms.
The external alarm inputs EAL1 EAL4 are further described in the
Alarm Overview section in Chapter 7, Alarms and Events, and in the
repeater manual.

Measured Values Li Battery


The BSC board battery used by the calendar clock and event log memory.
The battery voltage should be between 2.7V and 3.5V.
May raise an alarm if the repeater has been shut down for more than two
weeks.

Reference
Reference oscillator output level. Shall be >100mV.

Temperatures Current
Current BSC board temperature in C.

Highest
The highest measured BSC board temperature since last alarm reset.
This temperature is reset to the currently measured temperature when an
alarm reset is performed. Alarm reset is described in Chapter 7, Alarms
and Events.

Lowest
Lowest measured BSC board temperature since last alarm reset.

Accessory
Indicates if an RCC (Remote Control Compact) or a FON (Fiber Optical
Node) unit is connected to the CU part of the BSC board.

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 9 - 29


Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Repeater Modem
Select the Modem option in the Testpoints submenu.

Figure 9-22. Testpoints, repeater modem

The repeater modem testpoint window shows continuously updated


measured values from the repeater modem.
Field description:

Modem Type, Status Modem type


Detected repeater modem type.

Modem state
The connection state for the repeater modem.

Modem speed
Modem transfer speed in bps (baud rate) between the modems at remote
communication.

Connection time
Current remote connection time.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Troubleshooting

Cellular Testpoints (where Error (CMEE)


supported)
Error codes read from a cellular modem.

Error (CEER)
Error codes read from a cellular modem.

Registration status
Network registration.

PIN status
PIN code status, if used.

Current operator
MCC (country code) and MNC (network code) for the current network.

COPS mode
Shows whether an automatic or manual operator is selected.

RSSI
Received signal strength to the mobile phone.

Quality (Q1)
Shows a measured ETSI quality value. If there is no relevant quality
value measured, then 99 is shown.

Bit errors (E1)


Shows a received ETSI bit error rate. If there is no relevant bit error
value, then 99 is shown.

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 9 - 31


Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

MRX Testpoints

Figure 9-23. MRX board status and testpoints

To open the MRX testpoint window, select the MRX option in the
Operations menu. Then click the Testpoints tab.

The MRX testpoint window shows continuously updated measured values


from the MRX board, such as MRX type, temperature, synthesizer status
and power supply status.
Field description:

MRX Type
Displays the MRX type.

Temperature
Current MRX board temperature in degrees Celsius.

RF Synt, IF Synt
These fields show the text LOCKED when the frequency synthesizers are
locked, otherwise UNLOCKED.
If UNLOCKED is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Troubleshooting

5V A 5V F
These fields show the text ON when the supply voltage is within the
range, otherwise OFF.
If OFF/ON is shown with flashing text, a fault has occurred.

5V NEG
Shows the presence of negative 5V supply voltage.

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 9 - 33


Troubleshooting OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide

Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide


In this Appendix you will find descriptions of the main window button bar
and the main window menu.

Main Window Button Bar

Main window button functions:

Local SLW connection see the Access menu on page A-3.

Remote SLW connection see the Access menu on page A-3.

Local IP connection see the Access menu on page A-3.

Remote IP connection see the Access menu on page A-3.

Logoff see the Access menu on page A-3.

Exit OMT32 see the File menu on page A-2.

Configuration see the Operations menu on page A-8.

Status see the Operations menu on page A-8.

Testpoints see the Operations menu on page A-9.

Toggling active repeater part see the Operations menu on page A-8.

Received repeater alarms see the Operations menu on page A-9.

Repeater event log see the Operations menu on page A-9.

Alarm reset see the Operations menu on page A-9.

About OMT32 see the Help menu on page A-14.

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Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Main Menu Reference Guide


The main window has the following menu:

This menu is described below.

File

Print Message Log


Prints the contents of the message log.
See the Main Window After Logon section in Chapter 4.

Printer Setup
Opens the Windows standard printer setup dialog box.

Exit
Logs you off from the repeater (if logged on) and exits the OMT32.

See the Exiting OMT32 section in Chapter 5.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide

Access

Connect
Opens the following submenu:

Local
Initiates local SLW connection to a repeater.
See the Local SLW Connection to a Repeater section in Chapter 4.

Remote
Initiates remote SLW connection to a repeater.
See the Remote SLW Connection to a Repeater section in Chapter 4.

Local IP
Initiates local IP connection to a repeater.
See the Local IP Connection to a Repeater section in Chapter 4.

Remote IP
Initiates remote IP connection to a repeater.
See the Remote IP Connection to a Repeater section in Chapter 4.

Logon
This option is used to log on to a another repeater in an IP or SLW
network.
See the logon boxes in the Connecting and Logging On to a Repeater
section in Chapter 4.

Logoff
Logs you off from the repeater and, if you are remotely connected,
disconnects from the network or the stand-alone repeater.

See the Logging Off section in Chapter 6.

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Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Login Registry
Opens a login registry list containing those users that have been logged
on to the repeater.
See the Login Registry section in Chapter 6.

Password Configuration
Opens a password dialog box in which you can set and change passwords
and callback criteria.
See the Password and Callback section in Chapter 6.

Callback Numbers
Opens a phone number list that contains those phone numbers that the
repeater uses for callback.
See the Callback Phone Numbers section in Chapter 6.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide

OMT Preferences

Remote Connection
Opens the remote connection dialog box in which you can change the
phone number, modem initiation string and PC port for the OMT32
modem.
See the Remote Connection section in Chapter 5.

Local Connection
Opens the local connection dialog box in which you can select
communication PC port for local connection to the repeater.
See the Local Connection section in Chapter 5.

Save Preferences
Saves current OMT32 settings. This procedure is automatically performed
each time you exit OMT32, but this option makes it possible to save the
settings when running OMT32.

Enable Remote Alarms


Sets the OMT32 in reception mode for alarm calls from repeaters.
See the Disabling/Enabling Remote Alarm Reception section in Chapter 7.

Disable Remote Alarms


Sets the OMT32 in non-reception mode for remote alarm calls from
repeaters.

See the Disabling/Enabling Remote Alarm Reception section in Chapter 7.

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Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Repeater Preferences

Repeater Type
Shows, for combined repeaters, active repeater unit (channel selective or
band selective unit).
See Active Repeater Part (Combined Repeater Only) in Chapter 6.

Repeater ID
Opens a dialog box in which you can change the repeater ID.
See the Repeater ID section in Chapter 6.

Date and Time


Opens a dialog box in which you can set the CU board clock in the
repeater.
See the Repeater Date and Time section in Chapter 6.

Alarm Configuration
Shows the alarm configuration. Alarm levels can also be selected for the
external alarm inputs.
See the Alarm Configuration section in Chapter 7.

Alarm Call Criteria


Shows the phone numbers and call time intervals for alarm calls. This
information can also be changed in this window.
See the Alarm Call Criteria section in Chapter 7.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide

Modem
Opens a dialog box for viewing and changing the repeater modem
initiation string.
Be careful not to set an incorrect string at remote control. A visit to the
repeater site can be the result, and you will get no alarm call until a
correct string has been entered.

The default string should not be changed.


See the Repeater Modem Parameters section in Chapter 6.

Notepad
Opens a notepad in which text can be read or written. The notepad is
stored in the repeater and is thus available for operators and service
personnel, locally or remotely connected.
See the Notepad section in Chapter 6.

Revision Manager
Opens the following sub menu:

CU Maintenance
Shows the CU hardware and software part numbers and revision status,
and allows the CU software to be downloaded from OMT32, either
locally or remotely connected.
Do not update or reboot the CU software unless you are authorized and
trained to download software to repeaters.
See the Repeater Software Configuration section in Chapter 6.

MRX
Shows the MRX hardware and software part numbers and revision
status, and allows the MRX software to be downloaded from OMT32,
either locally or remotely connected.
See the Repeater Software Configuration section in Chapter 6.

Subunits
Shows software and hardware version, serial number and
manufacturing data for installed subunits.

See Repeater Subunit Revisions in Chapter 6.

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 A-7


Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Operations

Active Repeater Part


If you are logged on to a combined repeater, then you can toggles between
active repeater part.

See Active Repeater Part (Combined Repeater Only) in Chapter 6.

Configuration
Opens the configuration dialog box for the current repeater type.

See the Repeater Configuration section in Chapter 6.

Statistics
Opens a dialog box in which status parameters can be set and status for
the statistics is displayed.

See the Traffic Statistics section in Chapter 6.

Read Status
Shows operational status for the current repeater type.

See the Operational Status section in Chapter 6.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide

Testpoints
Opens the following sub menu:

Boards (CHA/BSA/CSA/PA)
Shows the channel board testpoints for the current repeater type. By
clicking the testpoint button (see the icon to the left) you do not need
to select the Testpoints option in the menu.
See the Testpoints section in Chapter 9.

BA Testpoints
Shows the BA board testpoints for those repeaters that have a Booster
Amplifier.
See the BA Unit section in Chapter 9.

CU Board
Shows the CU board testpoints for the current repeater type.
See the CU Board section in Chapter 9.

Modem
Shows repeater modem information.
See the Repeater Modem section in Chapter 9.

Received Repeater Alarms


Shows the alarm list received from one or several repeaters.

See the Received Repeater Alarms section in Chapter 7.

Repeater Event Log


Shows the repeater event log contents.

See the Repeater Event Log section in Chapter 7.

Alarm Reset
Clears all alarms and resets all process counters in the repeater.

The reset procedure does not affect uplink or downlink communication in


progress.
See the Alarm Reset section in Chapter 7.

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Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Advanced

OMT Modem Debug


This option is intended for OMT32 modem troubleshooting.
Opens an OMT32 modem debug tool. This tool contains a list of
AT commands which can be sent to the modem.
This option is only available when OMT32 is not connected to a repeater.

See the Modem Debug Tool section for the OMT32 modem in Chapter 9.

Repeater Modem Debug


This option is intended for repeater modem troubleshooting.
The same as the previous option, but for the repeater modem.
This option is only available when OMT32 is locally connected to the
repeater.
See the Modem Debug Tool section for the repeater modem in Chapter 9.

Communication Link Status


This option is intended for SLW communication troubleshooting.
Shows continuously updated information about SLW communications
between OMT32 and the repeater.
See the SLW Communication Status section in Chapter 9.

Command Line Interface


Opens the command line for entering CLI commands.
See the Command Line Interface section in Chapter 5.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide

Network

R2R / WLI
Opens the following sub menu:

Network Overview
Opens an WLI or R2R network overview window.
See either the Network Overview section for IP network (WLI), or the
Network Overview section for R2R network in Chapter 8.

Statistics
Opens an WLI or R2R network statistics window.
See either the W-Net Statistics section for IP network (WLI), or the
Network Statistics section for R2R network in Chapter 8.

Node Configuration
Opens an WLI or R2R node configuration dialog box.
See either the W-Net Node Configuration section for IP network (WLI),
or the Node Configuration section for R2R network in Chapter 8.

Link Speed
Opens an communications dialog box intended for fault tracing in WLI
and R2R net.
See the Link Transfer Speed section in Chapter 9.

Advanced Node Configuration


Opens an WLI or R2R advanced node configuration dialog box
intended for fault tracing.
See the Advanced Node Configuration section in Chapter 9.

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Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

FLI
Opens the following sub menu:

Network Overview
Opens an FLI network overview window.
See the Network Overview section for IP network in Chapter 8.

Statistics
Opens an FLI network statistics window.
See the F-Net Statistics section in Chapter 8.

Node Configuration
Opens an FLI node configuration dialog box.
See the F-Net Node Configuration section in Chapter 8.

Advanced Node Configuration


Opens an FLI advanced node configuration dialog box intended for fault
tracing.
See the Advanced Node Configuration section in Chapter 9.

Alarm Modems
Opens an alarm modem configuration dialog box.
See the IP Alarm Modems section for IP network or the Alarm Modems
section for R2R network in Chapter 8.

IP Parameters
Opens an IP address configuration dialog box.
See the IP Parameters section in Chapter 8.

PPP User
Opens a list containing all the PPP users that are allowed to connect to
the network.
See the PPP Users section in Chapter 8.

OMS Alarm User


Opens a list containing those PPP users that the repeater uses to connect
to the corporate network, to spontaneously deliver alarms to an OMS.

See the Repeater OMS Alarm Users section in Chapter 8.

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide

Window

Cascade
When more than one window is open and not minimized to icons, this
option arrange the windows in a cascade formation with overlap so that
the title bar of each window is shown.

Tile
When more than one window is open and not minimized to icons, this
option arranges the windows in a tile formation, side by side, with no
overlapping.

Arrange Icons
This option arranges all icons in the active window to be aligned
horizontally and vertically.

Opened windows
Lines below the Arrange Icons option, if shown, reflect opened or iconized
windows.

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 A - 13


Appendix A - Menu Reference Guide OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

Help

Contents
Shows a table of contents on available online help topics.

Keyboard
Shows a list of keyboard shortcuts and corresponding menu options.

Getting Started
Shows the main steps to get started, and some important hints.

Using Help
Shows information about how to use the on-line help.

Manual
This feature is not implemented in the current version.

Cellular Calculator
Opens a calculator for channel data intended to be a help for cell planning
work.
See the Cellular Calculator section in Chapter 5.

About
Shows the registered OMT32 holder and the OMT32 version.

See the OMT32 Version section in Chapter 5.

A - 14 Rev. 1B 2002-03 VD203 65/EN Users Manual


Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Index

Index
A
Abbreviations ............................................................................................................... xi
Active repeater part ................................................................................................... 6-3
Active time slots ....................................................................................................... 6-23
Address ..................................................................................................................... 4-14
AGC, Automatic Gain Control .................................................... 6-12, 6-26, 6-28, 6-32
Alarm call criteria .................................................................................................... 7-10
Alarm configuration ................................................................................................... 7-4
Alarm level ............................................................................................................... 6-18
Alarm list .................................................................................................................... 7-1
Alarm overview .......................................................................................................... 7-2
Alarm phone numbers ............................................................................................. 7-10
Alarm reset ................................................................................................................. 7-9
Antenna isolation supervision, MRX ..................................................................... 6-34
Antenna isolation test .................................................................................. 6-20 - 6-21
Antenna supervision, MRX ..................................................................................... 6-34
Automatic OMT32 start ............................................................................................ 2-8

B
Band edge ................................................................................................................. 6-12
Bandwidth, adjustable ............................................................................................. 6-11
Bandwidth, fixed ...................................................................................................... 6-11
Battery backup alarm ................................................................................................ 7-4
BCCH supervision .................................................................................................... 6-46

C
Call on alarm level and above ................................................................................ 7-11
Callback ...................................................................................... 4-16, 4-19, 6-54 - 6-55
Callback phone numbers ......................................................................................... 6-56
Cellular calculator .................................................................................................... 5-10
Combiner attenuation .............................................................................. 6-6, 6-8, 6-15
Command Line Interface .......................................................................................... 5-6
Communication parameters ...................................................................................... 2-5
CU Revision Manager .............................................................................................. 6-48
CU software
Application 1 .............................................................................................. 6-49, 6-51
Application 2 .............................................................................................. 6-49, 6-51
BLOCKED ........................................................................................................... 6-49
Current application ................................................................................... 6-49, 6-51
downloading ........................................................................................................ 6-51
ERROR ................................................................................................................ 6-49
NOT EXISTING ................................................................................................. 6-49
PRIMARY ............................................................................................................ 6-49
reboot ................................................................................................................... 6-50
SECONDARY ...................................................................................................... 6-49
SOFTBLOCKED ................................................................................................. 6-49

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 I-1


Index OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

D
Date and time ........................................................................................................... 6-61
Dialing Properties ...................................................................................................... 5-5
Disabling remote alarm reception ............................................................................. 7-8
Door open alarm ......................................................................................................... 7-5
Downlink gain ..................................................................................................... 6-7, 6-9
Downloading CU software ....................................................................................... 6-51

E
EAL1 ................................................................................................................... 7-3 - 7-4
EAL2 ................................................................................................................... 7-3 - 7-4
EAL3 ................................................................................................................... 7-3 - 7-4
EAL4 ................................................................................................................... 7-3 - 7-4
Enabling remote alarm reception ............................................................................. 7-8
Exit dialog box .......................................................................................................... 5-12
Exit OMT32 .............................................................................................................. 5-12

F
Fiber optics alarm ...................................................................................................... 7-5
Full privileges ...................................................................................... 4-15 - 4-16, 4-18

G
Gain ........................................................................................................................... 6-12
Gain reduction alarm ............................................................................................... 6-10
Gain regulation at poor antenna isolation .................................................. 6-20 - 6-21
Getting started ........................................................................................................... 4-1

H
Help
button hints ........................................................................................................... 3-1
dialog box help ....................................................................................................... 3-1
help menu .............................................................................................................. 3-1
status bar ............................................................................................................... 3-1

I
Initial settings ........................................................................................................... 2-10
Input attenuation ................................................................... 6-6, 6-8, 6-15, 6-18, 6-24
Instability ............................................................................................. 6-20 - 6-21, 6-28
Installation .................................................................................................................. 2-1
Introduction ................................................................................................................ 1-1

L
Local connection parameters ..................................................................................... 5-3
Local port .................................................................................................................... 2-5
Local repeater connection .................................................................................. 4-2, 4-4
Log file ................................................................................................................. 2-6, 2-9
Log file size ................................................................................................................. 2-9
Logging off ................................................................................................................ 6-62
Login registry ............................................................................................................ 6-57

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Allgon Systems AB OMT32 Index

M
Main window ............................................................................................................ 4-20
Mains breakdown alarm ............................................................................................ 7-4
Max channel power .................................................................................................... 6-6
Max output power ...................................................................................................... 6-9
Message log ............................................................................................................... 4-21
Mode
BLOCK ............................................................................................. 6-19, 6-21, 6-25
OFF ................................................................................................... 6-19, 6-25, 6-31
OPERATE ........................................................................................ 6-19, 6-25, 6-31
START UP ................................................................................................. 6-19, 6-25
Modem, OMT32
initiation string .............................................................................................. 2-5, 5-4
port ......................................................................................................................... 2-5
speed ............................................................................................................... 2-5, 5-5
Modem, repeater
commands ............................................................................................................ 6-59
initiation string ................................................................................................... 6-58
Modem PIN code ................................................................................................ 6-58
Modem speed ....................................................................................................... 6-58
MRX antenna isolation supervision ....................................................................... 6-34
MRX antenna supervision ....................................................................................... 6-34
MRX functional description .................................................................................... 6-35
MRX return loss (VSWR) supervision ................................................................... 6-34
MRX settings ............................................................................................................ 6-43
MRX, Mesurement Receiver ................................................................................... 6-33

N
Network ID number ................................................................................................ 4-18
Node Id ..................................................................................................................... 4-14
Non-preferred CDMA channels .............................................................................. 6-10
Notepad ..................................................................................................................... 6-62

O
OMT32
automatic start ..................................................................................................... 2-8
initial settings ..................................................................................................... 2-10
main window ......................................................................................................... 4-3
part number ........................................................................................................ 5-11
phone number ....................................................................................................... 2-5
program folder ...................................................................................................... 2-8
setup icon .............................................................................................................. 2-8
start icon ............................................................................................................... 2-8
uninstallation ...................................................................................................... 2-11
version ................................................................................................................. 5-11
OMT32 Setup ........................................................................................................... 2-10
Operational status ................................................................................................... 6-17
band selective repeater ...................................................................................... 6-27
channel selective CDMA and WCDMA repeater ............................................. 6-24
channel selective GSM repeater ........................................................................ 6-18
DMB repeaters .................................................................................................... 6-30
fiber optical unit ................................................................................................. 6-29
Output power ........................................................................................ 6-22, 6-25, 6-31

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 I-3


Index OMT32 Allgon Systems AB

P
P31 PC ......................................................................................................................... 2-5
Password ......................................................................................................... 4-15, 4-18
Password, OMT32 .................................................................................................... 6-54
Password, repeater
Full privileges ...................................................................................................... 6-54
Read privileges .................................................................................................... 6-54
Read/Write privileges .......................................................................................... 6-54
Pulse dial ..................................................................................................................... 5-5

R
Read privileges ..................................................................................... 4-15 - 4-16, 4-18
Read/Write privileges .......................................................................... 4-15 - 4-16, 4-18
README.TXT file ......................................................................................... 6-49, 6-51
Reboot ........................................................................................................................ 6-50
Received repeater alarms ........................................................................................... 7-6
Remote alarm reception ............................................................................................. 7-8
Remote connection parameters ................................................................................. 5-4
Remote repeater connection .............................................................................. 4-2, 4-4
Repeater configuration ............................................................................................... 6-4
band selective repeater ....................................................................................... 6-11
channel selective CDMA and WCDMA repeater ................................................ 6-8
channel selective GSM repeater .......................................................................... 6-6
DMB repeaters .................................................................................................... 6-15
fiber optical unit .................................................................................................. 6-13
Repeater event log .................................................................................................... 7-12
Repeater ID ............................................................................................................... 6-60
Repeater modem parameters ................................................................................... 6-58
Repeater subunits ..................................................................................................... 6-47
Requirements
hardware ................................................................................................................ 2-1
software .................................................................................................................. 2-1
Return loss (VSWR) supervision, MRX .................................................................. 6-34
Return loss monitor ................................................................................................. 6-40
RSSI ................................................................................... 6-10, 6-22 - 6-23, 6-25, 6-31
RSSI limit downlink ................................................................................................. 6-46
RSSI limit uplink ...................................................................................................... 6-45

S
Screen saver .............................................................................................................. 2-11
Spectrum monitor ..................................................................................................... 6-37
Start icon ..................................................................................................................... 2-8
Statistics .................................................................................................................... 6-45
Status ......................................................................................................................... 4-18
Status bar .................................................................................................................. 4-20
Subunits .................................................................................................................... 6-47

T
Tone dial ..................................................................................................................... 5-5
Traffic statistics ........................................................................................................ 6-45
Traffic supervision .................................................................................................... 6-46
Type ........................................................................................................................... 4-14

U
Uplink gain ......................................................................................................... 6-7, 6-9

I-4 Rev. 1B 2002-03 VD203 65/EN Users Manual


Allgon Systems AB Questionnaire

Questionnaire
The aim of this manual is to guide you when installing and operating the
Allgon repeaters, and to answer questions that may turn up. To ensure
that we provide appropriate information for these purposes, we would
appreciate your views and suggestions on how to improve the manual in
this direction. Please, fill out the following questionnaire and send it to us.
Have you read entire sections or do you use the manual to look up specific
information when needed?

1 q Read entire sectionsq Look up specific information


Comments:

Do you think the information is easy to find and understand?

2
q Yes q No
Comments:

Do you find any function of the Allgon repeater hard to understand, a


function which should be subjected to more detailed description?

3 q Yes q No
If yes, which one:

Do you have any suggestions on how we can improve this manual?

4
Title (Mr/Ms/Other): Initial:

Surname: Job title:

Company: Address:

City: Country: Phone:

Thanks for your kind help. Its very valuable to us.

VD203 65/EN Users Manual Rev. 1B 2002-03 Q-1


Questionnaire Allgon Systems AB

POSTAGE
STAMP

Allgon Systems AB
Customer Support Center
SE-187 80 Tby
Sweden

If you prefer to send by mail, fold here and tape.


No envelope required.

If you prefer to send by fax, use this number: +46 8 540 834 80

Q-2 Rev. 1B 2002-03 VD203 65/EN Users Manual