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1. a) Compare differences between virtual circuit and datagram approach In detail [05M]
b) Construct Distance vector routing algorithm with an example [05M]

2. Draw and Explain Dijkstras shortest path algorithm. With an example [10M]

3. a) what is broadcasting ?Explain Various broadcast routing algorithms [05M]

b) What is flooding? Explain flooding routing algorithms and its applications [05M]

4. List out the advantages of hierarchical routing algorithms with an example subnet [10M]

5. What is multicasting? Draw and construct multicast tree routing algorithm with the help of

Example subnet [10M]


1. What are the similarities and differences between data link layer and transport layer and also
explain transport layer quality of service parameter.
2. Draw and Explain Transport Layer Connection Management Mechanism in detail [10 M]

3 a) Draw and explain in detail about the TCP header. [05M]

b) Explain about protocol scenario for TCP connection Management [05M]

4. Explain following concepts in detail

a)www [05M]
b)DNS [05M]
5. Explain following concepts in detail
a) e-mail [05M]
b) multimedia [05M]
Multiple Choice Questions


1. The network layer concerned with [ ]

A) bits B)frames C)packets D)none of the above
2. Which one of the following is not a function of network layer [ ]
A) routing B)inter-networking C)congestion control D)none of the above
3. The 4 byte IP address consists of [ ]

A) network address B)host address C)a&b D)none of the above

4. In virtual circuit network each packet contains [ ]

A)full source and destination address B) short VC number

C)A&B D)none

5. Which one of the following routing algorithm can be used for network layer design[]

A)shortest path algorithm B)distance vector routing

C)link state routing D)all of the above

6. Multi destination routing-- [ ]

A)is same as broadcast routing B)contains the list of all destinations

C)data is not sent by packets D)none

7. A subnet of a network that includes all the routers but contains no loop is called[ ]

A)spanning tree B)spider structure C)spider tree D)none

8. Which one of the following algorithm is not used for congestion control [ ]

A)traffic aware routing B)admission control C)load shedding D)none

9. The network layer protocol of internet is ---- [ ]

A)Ethernet B)internet protocol C)http D)none

10. ICMP is primarily used for---- [ ]

A)error and diagnostic functions B)addressing

C)forwarding D)none
11. The________ layer links the network support layer and the user support layer[ ]

A)transport B)network C)data link D)session

12. The ________ layer changes bits into electromagnetic signals [ ]

A)physical B)data link C)transport D)network

13. The________ layer coordinates the functions required to transmit a bit stream over a
physical medium [ ]

A)transport B)network C)data link D)physical

14. Which of the following is an application layer service [ ]

A)remote login B)file transfer and access C)mail service D)all the above

15. The ________ layer is responsible for the source to destination delivery of a packet
across multiple network links [ ]

A)transport B)network C)data link D)session

16. The ________ layer is the layer closes to the transmission medium [ ]

A)physical B)data link C)network D)transport

17. The ________ layer is responsible for the process to process delivery of the entire
message [ ]

A)transport B)network C)data link D)physical

18. Mail services are available to network users through the ________ layer [ ]

A)data link B)physical C)transport D)application

19. The ________ layer establishes ,maintains and synchronizes the interactions between
communicating devices [ ]

A)transport B)network C)session D)physical

20. The ________ layer lies between the network layer and application layer [ ]

A)physical B)data link C)transport D)session

21. The ________ layer ensures interoperability between communicating devices through
transformation of data into a mutually agreed up on format [ ]

A)transport B)network C)data link D)presentation

22. Transmission media lies below the ________ layer [ ]

A)physical B)network C)transport d)application

23. The________ layer enables the users to access the network [ ]

A)session B)application C)data link D)physical

24. Circuit switching takes place at the ________ layer [ ]

A)data link B)physical C)network D)transport

25. The ________layer is responsible for moving frames from one node to next[ ]

A)physical B)data link C)transport D)session

26. The routing processor of router performs the ________layer functions of router[ ]

A)physical & data link B)network C)transport D)session

27. The________ layer adds a header to a packet coming from upper layer that includes the
logical address of the sender and receiver [ ]

A)physical B)data link C)network D)transport

28. Network layer lies on the ________ layer [ ]

A)physical B)data link C)network D)transport

29. The ________ layer is responsible for the delivery of message from one process to
another [

A)physical B)transport C)network D)session

30. The data link layer takes the packet it gets from the network layer and encapsulate them
into________ [ ]

A)cells B)frames C)packets D)trailer


1. Transport layer aggregates data from different applications into a single stream before
passing it [ ]
A)network B)data C)application D)physical

2. Which one of the following is a transport layer protocol used in internet [ ]

A)TCP B)UDP C)a &b D)none

3. User datagram protocol is called connectionless because [ ]

A)all UDP packets are treated independently by transport layer

B)it sends data as a stream of related packets C) a & b D)none

4. Transmission control protocol is [ ]

A)connection oriented protocol B)uses a three way handshake to establish a connection

C)receives data from application as a single stream D) all

5. An end point of an inter process communication flows across a computer network is

called [ ]

A) socket B)pipe C)port D)none

6. Socket -style API for windows is called [ ]

A)wsock B)winscok C)wins D)none

7. Which one of the following is a version of UDP with congestion control [ ]

A)datagram congestion control protocol B)stream control transmission protocol

C)structured stream transport D)none

8. A _______is a TCP name for a transport service access point [ ]

A)port B)pipe C)node D)none

9. Transport layer protocols deals with [ ]

A)application to application communication B)process to process


C)node to node communication D)none

10. Which one of the following is a transport layer protocol? [ ]

A)stream control transmission protocol B)internet control message protocol

C)neighbour discovery protocol D)dynamic host configuration protocol

11. A connectionless protocol treats each segment [ ]

A)freely B)independently C)separately D)closely

12. In transport layer ,a message is normally divided into transmittable [ ]

A)segments B)signals C)networks D)paths

13. Each segment as an independent packet and delivers it to transport layer at destination
machine is called [ ]

A)connection oriented B)connection less C)segmentation D)reassembly

14. Transport layer may be responsible for flow and error control, like the [ ]

A)IP link layer B)data link layer C)subnet layer D)linear layer

15. Transport layer is responsible for process to process delivery of the [ ]

A)message B)entire message C)half message D)partial message

16. Which among the following are uncontrolled and unregistered from the ephemeral ports
in accordance to IANA [ ]

A)well known ports B)registered ports C)dynamic ports D)all

17. What is the purpose of using source and destination port numbers respectively in the
addressing method of the transport layer [ ]

A)for delivery and reply operations B)for reply and delivery operations

C)only for delivery operations D)only for reply operations

18. Which among the several transport services deals with the addresses ,protocol utility
class in addition to performance evaluating feature of a connection [ ]

A)connection management B)quality of service

C)user interface C)status reporting

19. Which mechanism in transport layer supplies multiple network connections along with
the distributions of traffic over them in a round-robin basis / fashion [ ]

A)upward multiplexing B)downward multiplexing

C)buffering and flow control C)crash recovery

20. STUB is a technique utilized in the client server operation especially for implementation
of ________ [ ]

21. The ________ is responsible for end to end delivery ,segmentation and concatenation

A)physical layer B)data link layer C)network layer D)transport

22. ________ needs ports or services access points [ ]

A)physical layer B)data link layer C)network D)transport

23. The task of ________ is to provide reliable , cost effective transport of data from source
machine to destination machine [ ]

A)network layer B)transport layer C)presentation layer D)application layer

24. ________ measures the number of bytes of user data transferred per second , measured
over some time interval. It is measured separately for each direction[ ]

A)through put B)transit delay C)protection D)resilience

25. The message sent from transport entity to transport entity is called as ____ [ ]

A)transport data unit B)transport display data unit

C)transport protocol data unit D)transport protocol display unit

26. ________ is designed for the connectionless protocol such as user data gram
protocol(UDP) [

A)berkely socket B)stream socket C)data gram socket D)raw socket

27. Which of the following are the task of transport protocols [ ]

A)error control B)sequencing C)flow control D)all the above

28. The port numbers ________ are known as well known ports and they are reserved for
standards circuits [ ]

A)below 1024 B)above 1024 C)below 2048 D)below 512

29. The internet users universal port numbers for services and this numbers are called as
________ [ ]

A)well known port numbers B)fixed port numbers

C) standard port numbers D)ephemeral port numbers

30. ________ is an optional 16-bit 1s compliment of the 1s compliment sum of a pseudo
IP header ,the UDP header, and the UDP data [ ]

A) congestion B)checksum C)pseudo sum D)header sum