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Automotive Servicing

NCII
Checking Ignition System
HOW TO USE THIS COMPETENCY BASED LEARNING
MATERIAL

Welcome to the Module on Checking Ignition System. This module contains training
materials and activities for you to complete.

The unit of competency Checking Ignition System contains the knowledge, skills and
attitudes required for Automotive Servicing. This is one of the common modules for National
Certificate level II (NC II). You are required to go through a series of learning activities in
order to complete each learning outcome of the module. In each learning outcome there are

Information Sheets and Resource Sheets and Reference Materials for further reading to help
you better understand the required activities. Follow these activities and answer the self-
check at the end of each learning outcome. You may tear a blank answer sheet at the end of
each module to reflect your answers for each self-check. If you have questions, please dont
hesitate to ask your teacher for assistance.

Your facilitator will always be available to assist you during the training.

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

You may already have some or most of the knowledge and skills covered in this module
because you have: been working for some time already completed training in this area.

If you can demonstrate to your trainer that you are competent in a particular skill or skills,
talk to him/her about having them formally recognized so you dont have to do the same
training again. If you have a qualification or Certificate of Competency from previous
trainings show it to your trainer. If the skills you acquired are still current and relevant to this
module, they may become part of the evidence you can present for RPL. If you are not sure
about the currency of your skills, discuss this
with your trainer.

After completing this module ask your trainer to assess your competency. Result of your
assessment will be recorded in your competency profile. All the learning activities are
designed for you to complete at your own pace. Inside this module you will find the activities
for you to complete and at the back are the relevant information sheets for each learning
outcome. Each learning outcome may have more than one learning activities. At the end of
this module is a Learners Diary. Use this diary to record important dates, jobs undertaken
and other workplace events that will assist you in providing
further details to your trainer or an assessor. A Record of Achievement is provided for you by
your trainer to accomplish once you complete the module.
Automotive Servicing NC II

Contents of this Competency Based Learning Materials

LIST OF COMPETENCIES

No. Unit of Competency Module Title Code


1 Service Automotive Battery Servicing Automotive Battery ALT723303

2 Service Ignition System Servicing Ignition System ALT723304


3 Test and Repair Wiring/Lighting Testing and Repairing ALT723305
System Wiring/Lighting System
4 Service Starting System Servicing Starting System ALT723307
5 Service Charging System Servicing Charging System ALT723308
6 Service Engine Mechanical Servicing Engine Mechanical ALT723309
System System
7 Service Clutch System Servicing Clutch System ALT723310
8 Service Differential and Front Servicing Differential and ALT723311
Axle Front Axle
9 Service Steering System Servicing Steering System ALT723312
10 Service Brake System Servicing Brake System ALT723314
11 Service Suspension System Servicing Suspension ALT723315
System
12 Perform Underchassis Performing Underchassis ALT723306
Preventive Maintenance Preventive Maintenance
13 Overhaul Manual Transmission Overhauling Manual ALT723313
Transmission
Course Title : AUTOMOTIVE SERVICING NC II

Unit of Competency : Service ignition system

Module Title : Servicing ignition system

Inside this module you will find the activities for you to complete and at the

back are the relevant information and operation sheets for each learning outcome.

Each learning outcome may have more than one learning activity.

INTRODUCTION:

This module involves (9) nine Learning outcomes (2) information sheets and

(10) ten essential operation sheets. The information sheets are composed of the

following; servicing ignition timing, Checking ignition coil resistance. While the

operation sheets of this module will be operated by the teacher concern are the

following; Procedures in spark testing of the spark plugs while cranking the engine.

Procedure in spark testing while running the engine. Procedure in performing

triggering test while engine not cranking or running. Procedures in checking ignition

coil resistance.

Procedures in checking ballast resistor of ignition coil. Procedures in adjusting

contact point when the distributor assembly is installed to engine. Procedures in

adjusting contact point when distributor assembly removed from engine. Procedures

in checking ignition system components with the use of ohmmeter. Procedures in

checking ignition system components with the use of voltmeter. Procedures in

performing the wiring installation of ignition system. Procedures in performing the

initial ignition timing. Procedures in performing the setting base ignition timing.

Procedures in maintaining, servicing, and repairing the ignition system components.


TECHNICAL TERMS

1. Ohm unit of measure for resistance. One ohm is the resistance of the

conductor such that a constant current of one ampere in it produces a voltage of

one volt between its ends.

2. Ohmmeter a test meter used to measure resistance and continuity in a

circuit.

3. Ground the common negative connection of the vertical system that is the

point of the lowest voltage.

4. Ground circuit an electrical defect that allows current to return to ground

before it has reached the intended load component.

5. Ground side the portion of the circuit that is from the load component to the

negative side of the source.

6. Ignition the action of the spark in staring the burning of the compressed air-

fuel mixture in the combustion chamber.

7. Ignition advance the moving forward, in time, of the ignition spark relative

to the piston position. TDC or one degree ATDC is considered advanced as

compared with 2 degrees ATDC.

8. Ignition timing the delivery of the spark from the coil to the spark plug at

the proper time for the power stroke, relative to the piston position.

9. Centrifugal advance a rotating weight mechanisms in the distributor that

advances and retard ignition timing through the centrifugal force resulting from

changes in the rotational speed of the engine distributor.

10. Condenser in the ignition system, a device that is also called a apacitor,

connected across the contact points to reduce arcing by providing a storage

place for electricity (electrons) as the contact points open.


11. Dwell meter a precision electrical instrument used to measure the cam

angle, or dwell or number of degrees the distributor points are closed while the

engine is running.

12. Timing in an engine delivery of the ignition spark or operation of the valves

(in relation to the piston position) for the power stroke.

13. Timing light a light that can be connected to the ignition system to flash

each time the no.1 spark plug fires. Used for adjusting the timing of the ignition

spark.

14. Vacuum advance the advancing (or retarding) of ignition timing by changes

in intake-manifold vacuum. Reflecting throttle opening and engine load. Also, a

mechanism on the ignition distributor that uses intake-manifold vacuum to

advance the timing of the spark to the spark plugs.

15. Arcing name given to the spark that jumps the air gap between two electric

conductors.

16. Dwell in a contact point distributor, the number of degrees of distributor

cam rotation that the points stay closed before they open again. The length of

time the points are closed and current

flows through the primary winding of the coil.

17. Ignition resistor a resistance connected into the ignition primary circuit to

reduce battery voltage to the coil during engine operation.

18. Magnetic line of force the imaginary lines by which a magnetic field maybe

visualized.

19. Retard to delay the occurrence of the spark in the combustion chamber.
Program/Course : Automotive Servicing NC II

Unit of Competency : SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title : Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 1. Check Ignition System

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Spark plug is checked and inspected in accordance with standard testing

procedure.

2. Ignition distributor and associated parts are checked/evaluated according to

standard procedure.

3. Ignition system harness is checked and inspected.

Resources

Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition

By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology

By: James E. Duffy

Manufacturers Manual

Toyota Corporation
LEARNING ACTIVITIES:

Learning Outcome 1: Check ignition system


Learning Activities Special Instructions
1. Read and understand the See from topic 1 up to 7.

information sheet carefully. See only topic 2 of LO1.

2. Familiarize the types of ignition See only topic 3 of LO1.

system. See only topic 4 of LO1.

3. Identify the parts and functions of Read the topic 5 of LO1.

the ignition system. Read the topic 6 of LO1.

4. Classify the two interconnected Read the topic 7 of LO1.

electrical ignition system /circuits.

5. Analyze the operating principles of

the ignition system.

6. Follow the safety measures in

checking ignition system.

7. Perform the servicing ignition system

components.
INFORMATION SHEET 1

LO 1. SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

TITLE: Servicing Ignition System

FUNCTIONS OF THE IGNITION SYSTEM

The ignition system feeds high voltage surge to the spark plugs at proper

time. The three major functions are:

1. It must supply an electric spark with sufficient heat in order to ignite the air

fuel mixture in the combustion chamber of the engine.

2. It must maintain the spark long enough to permit the combustion of all fuel

charges in the cylinder of the engine.

3. It must draw the spark to each cylinder combustion can begin at specific time

during the stroke of compression for every cylinder engine.

Topic 2. TYPES OF IGNITION SYSTEM

The ignition system maybe a breaker point and a breaker less type known

as electronics, which is mostly applied in the ignition system today. There is also

a computerized type of ignition system and the latest is the distributor less type.

A. BREAKER POINT TYPE

The breaker point type distributor assembly consists of the following parts:

Contact point, condenser, springs, lobes, contact set attaching screw, breaker

plate, dwell-angle adjusting slot, vacuum advance unit and primary lead.
B. BREAKERLESS TYPE

Breaker less type of distributor assembly is composed of the following

parts: pick-up coil assembly, reluctor, pick-up coil, pole piece, mounting bracket,

permanent magnet, reluctor teeth, cap clip, connector, pick up coil lead and

vacuum advance unit.


Topic 3. PARTS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE IGNITION SYSTEM

1. Battery supplies current to starter in order to crank the engine for operation.

It also supplies the required electric current to the ignition system.

2. Ignition Switch the key-operated main power switch that opens and closes

the circuit that supplies current to the ignition and other electrical system.

3. Ignition Resistor a resistor connected into the ignition primary circuit to

reduce battery voltage to the coil during engine operation.


4. Ignition Coil the ignition system component that set as a transformer to step

up(increase) the battery voltage into many thousands of volts.

5. Distributor any device that distribute. In the ignition system, the rotary

switch that direct high voltage surges to engine cylinders in the proper

sequence.

6. Rotor the rotating parts of the distributor assembly that distributes high

voltage from coil center cable to different spark plug.

7. Contact Point the point in the distributor that opens & closes the primary

circuit to build-up & collapse the magnet line of force.


8. Condenser connected across the contact point to prevent arcing and burning.

It also provides the storage of electricity when breaker point is open.

9. Distributor Cap top cover of distributor assembly that

prevents dirt or any particles from entering the delicate

parts.
10. High Tension Wires bridges of high voltage to the spark plugs.

11. Spark Plugs a device in the system that serves as lighter to produce spark on
the gap.

12. Vacuum Advancer provide advancing and retarding the ignition timing by
means of intake

manifold vacuum. It advances the timing just to maintain the spark at top dead
center.

Topic 4. The ignition system are of two interconnected electrical

circuits.

1. Primary ( low voltage )

1 Battery

2 Ignition Switch

3 Ballast Resistor or resistance wire

4 Ignition coil primary winding

5 Condenser
6 Contact Point

7 Ground

2. Secondary (high voltage circuits

1. Ignition coil

2. Secondary winding

3. Distributor cap

4. Rotor

5. Ignition cable or high tension wire

6. Spark plug circuits.

Topic 5. OPERATING PRINCIPLES OF THE IGNITION SYSTEM

When the breaker points are close, electric current flows from the battery through the
primary windings in the ignition coil and through the points back to the ground. This is called
the primary circuit. When a high lobe of the cam pushes on the pivot arm and opens the
points, the primary circuit is broken. The magnetic field that was built up in the coil while the
primary current was flowing now collapses, including the voltage in the secondary windings
as the collapsing magnetic lines of force sweep across them. Because there are many more
secondary windings than primary windings, the induced voltage is much higher than the
voltage that drove the primary current. This high voltage is sent through the center wire of the
coil to the center of the distributor cap, which is always in contact with the rotor. The outer
end of the rotor is timed to arrive at the proper moment at the connection to the sparkplug
where a spark is desired. To obtain the correct spark, the distance between the two electrodes
of the spark plug must be gapped correctly.
The gap is shown exaggerated for clarity. Cars today use electronic means rather than
mechanical breaker points to bring about the make and break effect.
Topic 6. SAFETY MEASURES IN CHECKING IGNITION SYSTEM

1. Do not used ordinary pliers for checking the spark plug lead shorting to
ground (earth) in order to sparking. Instead used non-conductive pliers the
appropriate one.

2. Disconnect first the negative cable of the battery when checking resistance of
coil, cut all wires connected from it to ensure the correct reading of ohms. Note:
Individual checking of ignition parts are properly illustrated in LO.8

3. Does not used jumper wire in checking the ignition system for continuity,
Instead use appropriate instrument for testing with VOM or multi-tester.

4. Be sure to wear proper working shoes and laboratory uniform in order to


avoid heated loose ground or live wires.

5. Avoid using spark test on common lead wire to earth when there is leak
gasoline to any part of fuel line that will lead for explosion.

6. Avoid replacement of local parts, other brand and different character rated for
quality reason.

7. Make sure the parts and wires, is correctly connected to their own designated
point of contact.
Topic 7. SERVICING IGNITION SYSTEM COMPONENTS

Pointers to be followed by the technician before proceeded to the servicing


procedures

1. Gather information, regarding the problem to be serviced. If possible ask the


driver or the owner of the vehicle.

2. Apply visual view to inspect thoroughly the troubles.

3. List all parts or items that has been checked and detected by the used of the
appropriate instrument for diagnosing the troubles. If possible used service
repair manual being your guide for the maintenance and servicing of contact
point type of ignition system.
SELF-CHECK

Direction: Identify and fill-in the blanks with the correct answer. Write
your answers on a separate sheet.

_______________1. It is the point in the distributor assembly that


distributes high voltage from coil center cable to different spark plug.

_______________2. It is a type of distributor assembly that consist of


the following parts; contact point, condenser, springs, lobes, contact set
attaching screw, breaker plate, dwell-angle adjusting slot, vacuum
advance unit and primary lead.

_______________3. The rotating parts of the distributor assembly that


distributes high voltage from coil center cable to different spark plug.

_______________4. It is a key-operated main power switch that opens


and closes the circuit that supplies current to the ignition and other
electrical system.

_______________5. It is device connected into the ignition primary


circuit to reduce battery voltage to the coil during engine operation.

_______________6. A device that distributes in the ignition system, the


rotary switch that directs high voltage surges to engine cylinders in the
proper sequence.

_______________7. A type of distributor assembly composed of the


following parts: pick-up coil assembly, reluctor, pick-up coil, pole piece,
mounting bracket, permanent magnet, reluctor teeth, cap clip, connector,
pick up coil lead and vacuum advance unit.

__ ____________8. It is the ignition system component that sets as a


transformer to step-up( increase) the battery voltage into many thousand
of volts.

___ ___________9. It is connected across the contact point to prevent


arcing and burning. It also provides the storage of electricity when
breaker point opens.

______________10. It is a device in the system that serves as lighter to


produce spark on the gap.
Program/Course : Automotive Servicing NC II

Unit of Competency : SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title : Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 2. Perform Spark Test

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Engine is started as per standard operating procedures.

2. Spark test is conducted in accordance with standard testing


procedures.

3. Safety measures are applied in accordance with standard testing


procedure.

Resources

Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition

By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology

By: James E. Duffy

Manufacturers Manual

Toyota Corporation
LEARNING ACTIVITIES

Learning Outcome 2: Perform spark test


Learning Activities Special Instructions
1. Familiarize the supplies, See operation sheet no.1.
materials, tools, and equipment
needed. Read operation sheet no.2
under
2. Perform spark testing by running
the engine. LO2.

3. Perform spark testing by See operation sheet no.2 under


cranking the engine.
LO2.
4. Perform triggering test.
See operation sheet no.2 under
5. Follow the safety measures in
spark test and triggering test. LO2.

See operation sheet no.2 under

LO2.
OPERATION SHEET 1

LO 2. PERFORM SPARK TEST

TITLE: Performing Spark Test

Conditions:

Supplies and materials

Rug cloth

Sand paper

Tools

Screw Driver

Insulated Pliers (special tool)

Spark Plug wrench

Feeler Gauge

Equipment

Engine

Battery Charger

Mock up
Procedure:

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.


2. Connect battery both positive and negative terminal post, then, switch
on ignition switch.
Note: charge the battery if needed
3. Remove the spark plugs from the Engine by the use of spark plug
Wrench.
Note: Before spark testing clean the tip of the spark plugs with fine nylon
brush.
4. Connect the spark plug no. 1 to high tension. wire no. 1 then, attach
ground electrode of the spark plug to the engine ground.
Note: Do not interchange the cable wires.
5. Switch on key to crank the engine and watch the sparking across
the gap. Hold the plug no. 1 with insulated pliers.
Note: Use a fully charge battery with a good cranking motor capacity.
6. Proceed to spark plug no. 2, 3, & 4 by performing the same step as
step no. 5.
7. Replace if defective, follow the required gap as specified in the
manual of the car model
OPERATION SHEET 2

LO 2. PERFORM SPARK TEST

TITLE: Performing Spark Test

Conditions:

Supplies and materials:

Rug cloth

Sandpaper

Soft brush nylon

Functional battery

Functional starter motor

Tools:

Set of box wrench

Spark plug wrench fitted.

Insulated/non conductive pliers

Equipment

Functional vehicle

Functional engine mock up

Battery charger

Procedure in spark testing while engine is running:

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Before operating the engine turn it to correct direction of rotation by


hand with socket wrench and handle.
3. Disconnect the spark-plug cable from the spark plug one by one while
the engine is running.

4. Used non-conductive pliers /insulated pliers hold the extender about


3/8 inch (10mm) the distance allowed directly to ground in the black
head engine.

5. While the engine is running , observe the sparking across the gap.
Bluish spark from no.1-4 end of cables shows that the ignition system is
at normal condition.

6. If theres no spark, proceed to the triggering test of the primary circuit


to determine if there will be the opening and closing operation in the
circuit. (note: if spark show but the engine does not continuously
operating, maybe failure is in the other systems.
OPERATION SHEET 3

LO 2. PERFORM SPARK TEST

TITLE: Performing Spark Test

Conditions:

Supplies and materials

Rug cloth

Sandpaper

Soft brush nylon

Functional battery

Functional starter motor

Tools

Set of box wrench

Spark plug wrench fitted.

Insulated/nonconductive pliers

Equipment

Functional vehicle

Functional engine mock up

Battery charger

Procedure in performing triggering test while engine not cranking


or running

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Turn the crankshaft to correct direction of rotation in order to set piston


no.1 at compression stroke, both values closed.
3. Mark cut on crankshaft pulley align to the specified degrees of spark.
Example if 8o ignition timing required it must be aligned to it.

4. Loosen the distributor assembly fixing adjusting bolt. Ignition switch


turn on, turn the distributor assembly go against rotor rotation, see to it
that gap adjusted correctly, then, turn the assembly, by setting contact
point gap about to open. Spark occurred on gap, then, the common
cable lead 3/8 gap directly pointing to ground at the same time spark
occurred in the contact the finding of the primary circuit and parts are in
good service condition.

5. If spark does not occur, check contact point, condenser, ignition coil,
and insulator in the primary lead.
SAFETY MEASURES IN SPARK TEST/TRIGGERING TEST.

1. Do not use conductive pliers with only insulated handle. In high-


energy ignition system the spark will jump even more than one inch or
(25.4mm).
2. It will jump around or through the insulation and give a dangerous
shock that might kill a person with heart failure.
3. See to it that there is no fuel or fuel vapor near where the spark will
occur. The spark will ignite the fuel causing a fire or explosion.
4. Do not allow spark to short onto dipstick, cam/rocker cover or battery
as this can cause an explosion of oil or hydrogen fumes.

DETERMINING AND ANALYZING ELECTRIC SPARK.

A waveform, or trace, showing one complete spark-plug firing cycle.


Note that the dwell section is the period during which the points are
closed or the electronic control unit is maintaining a complete circuit
between the battery and ignition coil.

1. Reading the Patterns

The patterns show different troubles that occur in the ignition system.
The pattern of any cylinders ignition-circuit voltage shows what voltages
are occurring in that circuit. The way that the voltage varies from normal
shows you where the electrical problem exists. For example, the scope
can detect wide or narrow spark-plug gaps, open spark-plug wires,
shorted coils or condensers, arcing contact points improper contact-point
dwell, and so on. Many abnormal engine conditions change the voltage
needed to fire the plug. This, too, shows up on the scope. When you
work in a shop that has an oscilloscope, you will have instructions on
how to use it.
ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE
LO 2. Perform spark test
Program/Course : Automotive Servicing NC I

Unit of Competency : SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title : Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 3. Check Ignition Coil Resistance

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Coil terminal of ignition coil is disconnected

2. Ignition coil resistance is checked

Resources

Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition

By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology

By: James E. Duffy

Manufacturers Manual

Toyota Corporation
Topic 1. FUNCTIONS OF IGNITION COIL

Ignition coil is considered as the heart of the Ignition System. It works in


the same of the pulse transformer to step up the low voltage of 12.6
volts to a voltage high enough to ionize (electrically charge) the spark
plug gap and ignite the fuel charges. The coil has the capacity to
produce approximately 30,000 to 60,000 volts. However, the amount of
voltage produced is dependent on many factors. The coil will produce
current depending on many factors. The coil will produce only sufficient
voltage required to overcome these factors; plug gap, air/fuel ratio, plugs
wire resistance, engine speed, compression ratio, and so forth. The
margin of voltage which can be produced above that which is required to
fire the spark plug represents the electrical reserve built into the ignition
system. As plugs wear and other resistances in the system increase, the
ignition system is capable of compensating for this through the electrical
reserve.

Topic 2. PARTS OF IGNITION COIL

1. Soft iron core is the center of the Ignition coil, a laminated soft iron or
steel.
2. Primary coil winding These are several hundred turns of heavy wire,
wrapped around or near the secondary.(approximately 200 turns of
gauge wire)
3. Secondary coil windings These are several thousand turns of very
fine wire located inside or near the primary windings.(approximately
22,000 turns of very fine wire)
4. Oil in the coil that prevents heat and help cool the coil. Note: E-coil
this type of core does not use oil. It uses an air-cooled, epoxy-sealed
5. Positive terminal where wire connected from ignition terminal of
switch to the + sign or the ballast resistor + sign side of it.
6. Negative terminal It is wire connected from the distributor assembly
lead wire with insulated terminal to the negative sign of coil.
7. Center pole negative this is the plug polarity, negative plug polarity
requires less voltage to ionize the plug than does positive polarity. This is
because of the relative temperature between the center electrode (hot)
and the ground electrode (cold).

Topic 3. INTERPRETING SECONDARY AND PRIMARY CIRCUIT

1. Operation of the Primary Circuit When the Ignition switch on or it is in


the run position, current from the battery flows through the ignition switch
and primary circuit resistor to the primary winding of the ignition coil.
From there, it passes through some type of switching device that can be
mechanically or electronically controlled by a triggering device. The
current flow in the Ignition Coil primary winding creates a magnetic field.
The switching device or control module interrupts this current flow at
predetermined times, when it does, the magnetic field in the primary
winding collapses, this collapse generates a high-voltage surge in the
secondary winding of the ignition coil. The secondary circuit of the
system begins at this point.

2. Operation of Secondary Circuit The secondary circuit carries high


voltage to the spark plugs. The exact manner in which the secondary
circuit delivers these high-voltages surges depends on the system
design. Until 1984 all ignition systems used some type of distributor to
accomplish this job. However, in an effort to reduce emissions, improve
fuel economy, and boost component reliability, most auto manufacturers
are now using distributor less or electronic ignition (EI) system.
Simplified secondary circuit means that
coil secondary winding is connected through
the distributor cap, rotor, and wiring to
the spark plugs.

Self-check

Direction: Identify the following.

1. _________ It is a wire connected from the distributor assembly lead


wire with insulated terminal to the negative sign of coil.

2. __________It prevents heat and help to cool the coil.

3. __________It is the center of the ignition coil, a laminated soft iron or


steel.

4. __________This winding is surrounded the secondary coil windings


which are approximately 200 turn of 20-gauge wire.

5. __________It is winded in the core approximately 22,000 turns of very


fine wire.
OPERATION SHEET No. 3

LO 3. CHECK IGNITION COIL RESISTANCE

TITLE: Checking Ignition Coil Resistance

Conditions:

Supplies and materials

Ball pen/pencil

Bond paper

Tools

Pliers

VOM

Multi tester

Equipment

Engine mock-up

Procedure in checking ignition coil resistance:

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Inspect the Ignition coil

a. Clean the coil and inspect it for carbon


paths around the terminals and check the
outside body for cracks.

b. Inspect the high tension ord insertion hole


for carbon deposit or corrosion.
3. Inspect / Check / Test the Primary Coil
Resistance

a. Measure the following resistance With out the


used of resistor the
reading must be 2.6 4.0 ohm. This is the primary
coil resistance (reference only)

Note: If the reading is not within the specified


resistance replace the coil.

Causes: If the readings show the specified ohms


or very high resistance the condition of the

b. With the used of resistor open.

The reading must be 1.3 1.6 ohms this is


the primary coil resistance (reference only)
Note: If the reading is not within the
specified resistance replace the coil.

Causes: If the reading appear higher than


the required ohms or higher resistance, the
condition of primary coil is burn out, but if it is
low than specified ohms the condition is
weak, but if the hand of ohmmeter remain at
infinity the condition of primary coil maybe
open.

4. Inspect/check/ test the secondary coil


resistance.

c. Measure the following resistance


Without the used of resistor the reading must
be 6.0 9.0 k ohms, the secondary coil
resistance (references only)

Note: If the reading does not meet within the


range of minimum and

maximum in the secondary coil resistance that


will be recommended for replacement.
Cause: If the reading of ohmmeter show more than the specified ohms
the condition will be burn out winding, but if it is lower reading, the coil is
weak, but if remain at infinity () the condition of secondary coil maybe
opened.

b. With the used of resistor

The reading must be 9.5 14.5 k ohms, the


secondary coil resistance
(references only)

Note: If the reading does not meet the


minimum and maximum of secondary coil
resistance that will be recommended for
replacement.

Cause: If the reading of ohmmeter show


more than the specified ohms the condition
is burn out, if lower reading the coil is weak, but if remain at infinity
ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE
LO 3. Check ignition coil resistance
Program/Course : Automotive Servicing NC I

Unit of Competency : SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title : Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 4. Check Ballast Resistor

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Ballast resistor is checked as per requirement

Resources

Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition

By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology

By: James E. Duffy

Manufacturers Manual

Toyota Corporation
OPERATION SHEET No. 4

LO 4. CHECK BALLAST RESISTOR

TITLE: CHECKING BALLAST RESISTOR

Conditions:

Supplies and materials:


Ball-pen/pencil

Bond paper

Tools:
Box wrench
Screw driver
VOM tester
Multi-tester
Screw drive

Equipment:
Ignition mock-up
Engine mock-up

A. PROCEDURES IN CHECKING BALLAST OF IGNITION COIL.


1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.
2. Disconnect wires connected from the ballast resistor
3. Check and test ballast resistor of ignition coil.
4. Turn the selector switch to R X 1 of the ohmmeter.
5. Both test prods of the ohmmeter will be injected to both ends of the
ballast resistor.
6. If the readings show 0.8 1.2 ohms the ballast resistance is normal.
7. But if the readings show infinity or does not move the hand of the
tester, the condition is open
8. If the reading is not within the specified resistance replace the resistor.

B. ANALYSIS OF RESISTANCE TEST RESULTS

Appropriate instrument used for testing and checking the resistance


express in ohms is no other than ohmmeter tester. If the resistance
varies from .08 to 1.2 ohms meaning the hand of the tester will move
and stop with in the range, to be sure in the measurement, possible see
the manual of the Ballast resistor specifying the resistance of the ignition
resistor. When you turn the selector to RX1, the hand will move from ()
infinity to the correct range given from manual, the condition will be
normal, but if the hand will move from () infinity to (0) zero the condition
is weak or leak but then, the hand remain at () infinity the condition
maybe open.
ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE
LO 4. Check ballast resistor
Program/Course : Automotive Servicing NC II

Unit of Competency : SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title : Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 5. Adjust Contact Point Clearance

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Contact point is adjusted per service manual specification

2. Contact point adjustment is analyzed and interpreted

Resources

Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition

By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology

By: James E. Duffy

Manufacturers Manual

Toyota Corporation
OPERATION SHEET No. 1

LO 5. ADJUST CONTACT POINT CLEARANCE

TITLE: ADJUSTING CONTACT POINT CLEARANCE

Conditions:

Supplies and materials:

Sand paper
Rags
Grease

Tools

Set of screw driver


Feeler gauge
Set of wrench

Equipment

Ignition mock-up Procedures adjusting contact point when the


distributor assembly is install to engine.

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed

2. Turn the engine to correct direction of rotation by the use of correct


size box or socket wrench that fit to crankshaft pulley fixing bolt.

3. Position the contact point to be set in highest portion of the camlobe in


distributor shaft.

4. Use proper type, and size of screw driver prior to the screw head kind.

5. Loosen the slightly lock and adjusting screw then, insert the feller
gauge with correct size of clearance, follow what is in the manual.

6. Tighten first the adjusting screw with two working screw drivers for it to
locks then, lastly tighten the lock screw. If possible check it thoroughly
again by retightening the adjuster and locker screws.
7. Test run then, proceed to next operation sheet.

OPERATION SHEET No. 2

LO 5. ADJUST CONTACT POINT CLEARANCE

TITLE: ADJUSTING CONTACT POINT CLEARANCE

Conditions:

Supplies and materials:

Sand paper
Rags
Grease

Tools

Set of screw driver


Feeler gauge
Set of wrench

Equipment

Ignition mock-up
Procedure in adjusting contact point when distributor assembly
remove from engine.

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Position correctly and firmly the distributor assembly in the Bench


vise.

3. Position the contact point to be set on the highest part camlobe in


distributor shaft.

4. Used proper type, and size of screw driver prior to the screw head
kind.

5. Loosen slightly lock and adjusting screw then, insert the feller gauge
with correct size of clearance, follow what state in the manual.

6. Tighten first the adjusting screw with two working screw drivers for it,
to locks then, lastly tighten the lock screw. If possible check it thoroughly
again by retightening the adjuster and locker screws.

7. Set engine correctly then install the distributor assembly, time it


properly, see the steps of initial ignition timing.

8. Test run, then check if dwell angles is within the specified value, by
the used of the dwell meter, follow the dwell of 4 cylinders is 510 (500 -
520)

POINT GAP ADJUSTMENT (W/O IGNITER)

1. If the points are excessively burnt or fitted,


replace the breaker points.

2. Adjust point gap. Point gap 0.45 mm (0.18 in)

IF dwell angle below specified degrees


point gap is too big. But if the dwell angle above specified degrees point
gap is too small, readjust the point clearance to make it with the correct
dwell angle, by the used of dwell meter for dwell angle while for the
R.P.M used tachometer for setting the correct idling of engine.
B. SAFETY MEASURES IN ADJUSTING CONTACT POINT.

1. When testing a vehicle, never short plug lead to the dipstick,


cam/rocker arm cover, battery or other components, which may not be
directly earthed. This can cause an explosion of oil fumes or hydrogen.

2. Beware of the danger from rotating components of ignition


system.

3. Never bend movable point arm with your hand.

4. Do not use the car, if the contact breaker point is not exactly

adjusted to the manufacturer specifications.

5. Do not install local contact point to the car of your customers


and replacement of part be checked thoroughly, to avoid any trouble?

6. Use the proper screw driver for right head of bolt screw.

7. In replacing contact points do the same with the condenser or


capacitor used the required capacitance or farad.
ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE
LO 5. Adjust contact point clearance
Program/Course: Automotive Servicing NC II

Unit of Competency: SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title: Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 6. Perform Ignition Wiring Installation

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Tools and ignition wiring materials are checked and evaluated per
standard specifications.

2. Ignition wirings are installed based on a required diagram.

3. Safety measures are applied in installing wirings of the ignition system


in accordance with OHS policy.

Resources

Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition


By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology


By: James E. Duffy

Manufacturers Manual
Toyota Corporation
OPERATION SHEET 1

LO 6. PERFORM IGNITION WIRING INSTALLATION

TITLE: PERFORMING IGNITION WIRING INSTALLATION

Conditions

Supplies and materials:

Soldering leads
Automotive wires
Wire terminals
Electrical tape

Tools:

Electrical pliers
Set of screwdriver
Wire stripper
Soldering iron

Equipment:

Engine mock-up
Vehicle

PROCEDURES IN CHECKING IGNITION COMPONENTS WITH THE


USE OF OHMETER:

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Disconnect negative terminal of battery.

3. Check Ignition switch by the use of ohmmeter, RX1 one prod to AM


while other prod to Ignition. Hand will move from infinity to zero in two
pull position of ignition key its okay.

4. Test auto wire from Ignition of switch to positive terminal of coil, RX1,
hand move to infinity to near zero then its in proper.
5. Test auto wire from negative terminal of coil to ground part of
distributor assembly open the cap see the position of contact point, RX1,
if the contact point open the hand remain infinity then its proper if hand
will move to zero the condition is grounded contact point. If breaker
points close the hand will move near to zero then its proper.

6 Test/check condenser, used ohmmeter, RX1, connect one prod to the


eye tail of condenser, and the other prod to the body ground parts, the
hand of meter will move little bit abrupt to zero side then, back to infinity
side of tester its proper if does not move or remain at infinity it is
defective, condenser is to be replaced

7 Test/check high tension wire individually used ohmmeter RX 25. Both


prods of the meter will be connected at both ends. See the reading must
be on the specified ohms at all cords.
8 Check the adjustment of spark plug gap by the used of feeler gauge
follow the gap specification in the manual.
OPERATION SHEET No. 2

LO 6. PERFORM IGNITION WIRING INSTALLATION

TITLE: PERFORMING IGNITION WIRING INSTALLATION

Conditions

Supplies and materials:

Soldering leads
Automotive wires
Wire terminals
Electrical tape

Tools:

Electrical pliers
Set of screwdriver
Wire stripper
Soldering iron

Equipment:

Engine mock-up Procedure in checking ignition system components


with the use of voltmeter:

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.


2. Connect the voltmeter positive lead to the positive terminal of the
ignition coil. Connect the negative lead to engine ground.
3. Set the voltmeter to a scale that will read 12 volts accuracy.
4. Turn the ignition switch to the start position while observing the
voltmeter reading. Check manufacturers specification for proper voltage
reading (usually bout 9.5 volts).
5. If the voltage is too low than there is a resistance in the supply circuit
to the coil. This could be caused by any of the following.

a. Battery condition.
b. Excessive starter draw.
c. Excessive resistance in the ballast by pass circuit.
d. Excessive resistance in the ignition switches start circuit.
e. Excessive resistance in the starter relay to the pass circuit.
6. With the voltmeter still connected as in step one, turn the ignition
switch to the run position. The voltmeter reading should now be
about7.5 volts (or factor specifications).

7. If the reading is below specification it could be due to


a. Battery condition
b. Ignition switch resistance
c. Excessive resistance in the ballast resistor circuit.

If the results of this test show that the coil supply circuit is
operating properly then the coil should be tested.
OPERATION SHEET No. 3

LO 6. PERFORM IGNITION WIRING INSTALLATION

TITLE: PERFORMING IGNITION WIRING INSTALLATION

Conditions:

Supplies and materials

Soldering lead 40/60


Auto wires size no. 12 & 14
Eye terminals
Electrical tape
Fuse/ fuse box
Wire harness flexible hose
Battery clamp / cables
Battery log

Tools

Cutter pliers
Wires stripper
Soldering rod / Iron
Set of insulated pliers
Set of screw drivers

Equipment

Functional Engine mock up for ignition wiring circuit.

Procedure:

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Connect newly battery cables to earthly ground, from negative post


and battery cable live from positive post to battery solenoid terminal.

3. Auto wire size no. 12 will be converted from battery terminal solenoid
to the positive side of ammeter and from negative side to Bat/AM
terminal of Ignition switch.
4. Auto wire size no. 14 will be connected from ignition terminal of
ignition switch to ballast resistor, from then, to positive terminal of coil.

Note: But in order to complete the circuit to crank the engine for starting,
connect auto wire size no. 14 from ST terminal of switch to ST terminal
of the solenoid starter switch.

5. Used auto wire size no. 14 from negative terminal of coil to


insulatedlead terminal in the distributor assembly.

Note: See to it that engine and distributor assembly are set properly and
contact point adjusted to specified gap.

6. Proceed to the proper connection of high tension wires from center


lead of coil to center terminal of cap. If rotor pointing no.1 terminal cap it
could be the no.1 spark plug then followed prior to the firing order given.

7. All end wires in provided with eye terminals and solenoid the wires
with the eye to ensure proper contact.

8. Crank the engine and run it, for further trouble shooting
SAFETY MEASURES IN WIRING INSTALLATION

1. Do not use ohmmeter, in the testing resistance into the ignition circuit,
if battery connected, other wise the meter will be damaged.

2. Always connect the battery to ground if negative white to live wire if


positive, do not invert the connection. Otherwise the harness will be
burnt or affected.

3. Always shield the ignition circuit harness with electrical tape or flexible
hose wires if required.

4. Provide fuse for the ignition circuit.

5. Eye terminal of every end wires, must be soldered properly in order to


ensure the contact between terminal points is good.

6. Avoid open wires, unshielded wires and overloaded terminals within


the circuit.

7. Avoid using jumper wire or short circuiting of parts, otherwise those


components will be busted.
ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE
LO 6. Perform ignition wiring installation
Program/Course : Automotive Servicing NC I

Unit of Competency : SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title : Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 7. Perform Ignition Timing

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Ignition Timing procedure is applied per engine requirement

2. Ignition timing is checked per ignition specifications

3. Safety measures are applied

Resources

Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition


By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology


By: James E. Duffy
Manufacturers Manual

Toyota Corporation
OPERATION SHEET No. 1

LO 7. PERFORM IGNITION TIMING

TITLE: PERFORM IGNITION TIMING

CONDITION:

Supplies and Materials

Rags
White chalk

Tools

Box wrenches
Set of screw drivers

Equipment

Engine mock-up
Vehicle

Ignition timing light

Dwell meter

Tachometer

Procedure in performing the initial ignition timing

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Piston no. 1 TDC the compression stroke, timing mark coincide,


aligned.

Note: Before installing distributor to the engine adjust the contact point
to the correct specified contact point gap or set point to specification.

3. Set the contact point ready to open or just beginning to open.

4. Install rotor and cap arrange high-tension wire in cap according to the
firing order.
5. Run engine and check timing with power timing light at idling speed.

Note: To determine the contact point it is about to open

a) Spark test method b) Ignition timing light Dwell angle or Cam angle
The time in degrees by which contact point remain closed for the
magnetic built up of ignition coil.

Ignition Timing: Type initial setting in order the spark will reach spark
gap at the right time.

Interpreting ignition timing is the delivery of spark from the coil to


the spark plug at the proper time for the power stroke relative to the
piston position. Usually expressed in crankshaft degrees before or after
top dead center (TDC) at the end of the compression stroke.
OPERATION SHEET No. 2

LO 7. PERFORM IGNITION TIMING

TITLE: PERFORM IGNITION TIMING

CONDITION:

Supplies and Materials

Rags
White chalk

Tools

Box wrenches
Set of screw drivers

Equipment

Engine mock-up
Vehicle
Ignition timing light
Dwell meter
Tachometer

Procedure in performing the setting base ignition timing.

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

NOTE: Use a stroboscopic timing light to check the timing. Follow these
steps for ignition timing adjustment.

2. Connect the timing light, and start the engine.

3. The engine must be idling at the manufacturers recommended rpm


end all other timing procedures must be followed.

4. Aim the timing light marks at the timing indicator, and observe the
timing marks. Compare this reading to the manufacturers specifications.
For example if the specification reads 10 degrees before top dead center
and the reading found is 3 degrees before top dead center, the timing is
retarded or off by 7 degrees.
5. If the timing mark is not at the specified location, rotate the distributor
until the mark is at the specified location.

6. Tighten the distributor hold-down bolt to the specified torque, and


recheck the timing mark position.

7. Connect the vacuum advance hose and any other connectors, hoses,
or components that were disconnected for the timing procedure.

8. Road testing in the highways.

9.

a) Timing marks illuminated by a timing light and showing 10 degrees


BTDC.

b) Timing marks at 3 degrees BTDC.


c) The timing light flashes every time the number 1 sparks plug fires.

SAFETY MEASURES IN PERFORMING IGNITION TIMING

1. Do not puncture cables or nipples with test probes. This will ruin the
cables of ignition timing light.

2. Do not point laser flashes of stroboscopic light to any body due to the
strong ultraviolet rays, especially to eyes.

3. Keep off your hands to the rotating parts of the engine inperforming
the test.

4. Remove necklace, rings, and watches or wear suitable working


uniform in conducting the ignition timing with stroboscopic light.

5. See to it that the test probes of timing light and other connections are
tight, set and connected correctly.

6. Always use the manual as your guide for the adjustment.

7. Be sure your concentration is given fully to the job in performing


gasoline ignition timing.
ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE
LO 7. Perform ignition timing
Program/Course : Automotive Servicing NC II

Unit of Competency : SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM

Module Title : Servicing Ignition System

Learning Outcome 8.
Repair Non-electronic Ignition System and/or Component

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

1. Parts and components of non-electronic ignition system are identified


and located.

2. Ignition system/components are repaired without causing any damage


on them.

Resources
Automotive Mechanics, 10th edition
By: Crouse/ Anglin

Modern Automotive Technology


By: James E. Duffy

Manufacturers Manual
Toyota Corporation
OPERATION SHEET No. 1

LO 8. REPAIR NON-ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM AND/OR

COMPONENT

TITLE: Repairing non-electronic ignition system and/or Component

CONDITION

Supplies and Materials

Rags
Paint brush
Soldering lead
Wire
Fine sand paper

Tools

Set of box wrenches


Set of screw drivers
Pliers
Volt meter
Soldering iron/gun

Equipment

Ignition system mock-up


Running engine with complete ignition system
Vehicle

Procedure in maintaining, servicing, and repairing for ignition


system components.

1. Prepare the supplies, materials, tools and equipment needed.

2. Repair wiring harness if needed; for burn, loose, cut wires and wires
not shielded with electrical tape. Rewire if necessary the circuit with a
wire flexible hose.
3. Inspect and repair the spare parts such as; ignition switch, ballast
resistor, ignition coil, distributor component assembly; a. contact point b.
condenser c. spring d.cam lobe e. rotor distributor cap and g. distributor
insulated terminal. High tension wires and spark plugs.

4. Check, inspect mechanical parts and check, Test Electrical parts using
ohmmeter tester.

IGNITION SYSTEM COMPONENT

a. Electrical Testing Procedures:

TESTING IGNITION SWITCH

Ohmmeter tester selector


switch to RX1, the hand will
move from infinity to zero, on
ignition switch to Position
click two.

TESTING BALAST RESISTOR

Ohmmeter tester switch to RX1 test prod


as shown external resistor resistance 1.3
1.7 (Reference only) see manual.

TESTING COIL RESISTANCE


Ohmmeter Tester Switch to R X 10k test
prod as shown w/o resistor type 6.0 9.0
k w/ resistor type 9.5 14.5 k see
manual.
TESTING PRIMARY COIL RESITANCE
Ohmmeter Tester Switch to RX1 test
prod as shown w/o resistor type 2.6
4.0 w/ resistor type 1.3 1.6 To be
sure see manual.

Note: If the reading is not within the


specified rsistance, replace coil.

TESTING INSULATION RESISTANCE

VOM Tester switch to RX10M at


500V Test Prod as shown

Insulation resistance over 10M at


500V.

Ohmmeter tester switch to RX100K

Resistance less than 25K

To be sure see manual

Note: If the reading exceeds the limit


replace the cord.

TESTING CONDENSER

VOM tester switch to RX1 Test prod as


shown

The hand of the meter will move abrupt


then back to infinity.()

Note: If hand does not move replace the


condenser.
TESTING DISTRIBUTOR TERMINAL
INSULATION

Ohmmeter Tester Switch to RX1. Test


Prod connection as shown.

If contact point opens hand of the


meter remain infinity.

Note: If hand move to zero O the


insulation of the Ohmmeter Tester
Switch to RX1 Test Prod connection as
shown.

If contact point close. Hand of the


meter will move

from infinity to zero O.

Note: The condition is normal.

b. Mechanical Inspection and repair procedures

Distributor Cap

Inspect for cracks, carbon tracks, burnt or


corroded terminals, and check center contact for
wear.

Distributor Rotor

Inspect for cracks, carbon tracks, burnt or


corroded terminals.
Breaker Plate

Check breaker plate for smooth rotation.

Governor weights and pin


Check the fitting portions of governor weights
with support pins for binding.

Vacuum Advancer Diaphragm

Suck the tube with mouth. The diaphragm


should move.

Note: If it does not move, replace the


diaphram.
c. Installation and adjustment of distributor assembly
components procedures;

B. Diagnosing Non-Electronic Ignition Component

1. Causes of Ignition Failures

Ignition failure results from normal wear of the contact points,


sparkplugs, and other components. Ignition failure can be classified
under three headings.

a. Loss of energy in the primary circuit due to defective.


a. Resistance in the primary circuit due to defective leads, bad
connections, burned distributor contact points or switch, or open coil
primary.
b. Points not properly set.
c. Discharged battery or defective alternator.
d. Defective condenser (shorted, low insulation resistance, high series
resistance).
e. Grounded primary circuit in coil, wiring, or distributor.

b. Loss of energy in the secondary circuit.

a. Plugs fouled, broken, or out of adjustment.


b. Defective high-voltage wiring, which allows high voltage leaks.
c. High-voltage leakage across coil head, distributor cap, or rotor.
d. Defective connections in high-voltage circuits.
e. Defective ignition coil

c. Out of time
a. Timing not set properly
b. Distributor bearing or shaft worn, or shaft bent.
c. Vacuum advance defective.
d. Centrifugal advance defective.
e. Pre-ignition, due to plugs of wrong heat range, fouled plugs. Etc.

2. Quick checks of Ignition System.

a. Engine does not run. If the engine cranks at normal speed but does
not start, the trouble could be in either the ignition or the fuel system. To
check the ignition system, disconnect the lead from one spark plug (or
from the center distributor-cap terminal). Use insulated pliers to hold it
about 3/16 inch [4.76 mm] from the engine block. Crank the engine. If a
good spark occurs, chances are that the ignition system is in reasonable
condition (although the timing could be off). If no spark occurs, check the
ignition system further.

Connect a test ammeter into the ignition-coil primary circuit, and watch it
while cranking the engine. If there is a small, steady reading that
fluctuates somewhat, the primary circuit is probably all right. The trouble
is probably a defective coil secondary or secondary leads, a defective
condenser, or high-voltage leakage across the cap, rotor, or coil head.

If the ammeter shows a fairly high a steady reading:

1. The contact points are out of adjustment.


2. The condenser is shorted.
3. The coil primary circuit is grounded.
If there is no ammeter reading, the primary circuit is open. This could be
due to out-of-adjustment contact points, a loose connection, defective
wiring or switch, or an open coil primary winding.

b. Engine misses. Missing is caused by such defects in the b. Defective


condenser.

a. Worn or out-of-adjustment contact points.


b. Defective condenser.
c. Centrifugal or vacuum advance malfunctioning.
d. Defective secondary wiring.
e. Defective ignition coil.
f. Poor connections.
g. High-voltage leakage across ignition-coil head, rotor, or cap.
h. Defective spark plugs.

The wrong ignition coil for the engine, or reversed connection to the
ignition coil, may also cause misfiring. Putting a battery in backwards
can also cause misfiring, because this also reverses the polarity of the
coil.

c. Overheating and Spark. These conditions may be caused by


Improper Ignition Timing.

3. Ignition Troubles Various troubles that will occur mostly to the


NON-ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM COMPONENT.

a. Burned or oxidized contact points. It is normal for ignition-


distributor contact points gradually to burn away over a long period of
time. Rapid burning or oxidizing of the points may be due to several
conditions.

Excessive resistance in the condenser circuit caused by high series


resistance in the condenser or by a loose mounting or connection.
High voltage produces by a high-voltage-regulator setting.
Dwell angle is too large (point opening too small). If the points, are too
closed it will burned rapidly.
Weak spring tension that causes the contact points to bounce and
arc.
Oil or crankcase vapors entering the distributor housing are deposited
on the pint surfaces, causing them to burn rapidly. A glance at the
breaker plate usually discloses this condition. It causes a black smudge
on the breaker plate under the points. Clogged engine crankcase PCV
valves or hoses and worn distributor bearings can produce this trouble.

b. Sooty, burned, or cracked spark-plug insulator. Spark plugs may


fail for a variety of reasons. Spark-plug manufacturers usually
recommend replacement of spark plugs at 10,000 mile [16,090-km]
intervals. This will help prevent failure and maintain the engine at food
operating efficiency. One cause of spark plug. trouble is the installation
of plugs o f the wiring heat caused by careless installation of the plug or
by careless adjustment of the plug gap.

Spark plug visual check

Condition is good if none of the following


defects are present.

1. Cracks or damages in the threads or


insulator.
2. Wear on the electrodes.
3. Damaged or deteriorated gaskets.

C. Safety Measures in Repairing


Ignition Component Parts.

1. In pulling out the high tension cord from the


spark plug, grip it properly the end of plug
cord then, pull suddenly the cable.

2. Match 15 mark with stopper, fit on the


cam and tighten with screw.

3. Remove with care the high tension cable


by way of pulling the rubber boat.
ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE

LO 8. Repair non-electronic ignition system and/ or component


Answer Key

LO1

1. contact point

2. breaker point type

3. rotor

4. ignition switch

5. ignition resistor

6. distributor

7. breaker less type

8. ignition coil

9. condenser

10. spark plugs

LO3

1. negative terminal

2. oil in the coil

3. soft iron core

4. primary coil winding

5. secondary coil winding