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16 Aufrufe18 Seitenstrength of materials question bank

Apr 18, 2017

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strength of materials question bank

© All Rights Reserved

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16 Aufrufe

strength of materials question bank

© All Rights Reserved

Als DOC, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

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YEAR/SEM: II / IV

PART- A (2 Marks)

1. What is Hookes Law?

2. What are the Elastic Constants?

3. Define Poissons Ratio.

4. Define: Resilience, proof resilience and modulus

of resilience.

5. Distinguish between rigid and deformable bodies.

6. Define stress and strain.

7. Define Shear stress and Shear strain.

8. Define elastic limit.

9. Define volumetric strain.

10. Define tensile stress and compressive stress.

11. Define youngs Modulus.

12. Define modulus of rigidity.

13. Define thermal stress.

Define stress.

2. Define strain

3. State Hookes law.

4. Define shear stress and shear strain.

5. Define Poissons ratio.

6. State the relationship between Youngs Modulus a

nd Modulus of Rigidity.

7. Define strain energy

8. Give the relationship between Bulk Modulus and Y

oungs Modulus.

9. What is compound bar?

10. Define- elastic limit

11. Define Youngs modulus

12. Define Bulk-modulus

13. Define- lateral strain

PART- B (16 Marks)

1. A rod of 150 cm long and diameter 2.0cm is subjected to an axial pull of 20 KN. If the

modulus of elasticity of the material of the rod is 2x 10 5 N/mm2

Determine 1. Stress 2. Strain 3. the elongation of the rod

2. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of length 400mm and thickness 10mm is

found to 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly in width from 100m m to 50mm. If E for the

bar is 2x 105 N/mm2 ,Determine the axial load on the bar

3. A rod of 250 cm long and diameter 3.0cm is subjected to an axial pull of 30 KN. If the

modulus of elasticity of the material of the rod is 2x 10 5 N/mm2Determine 1. Stress 2.

Strain 3. the elongation of the rod

4. Find the youngs modulus of a rod of diameter 30 mm and of length 300mm which is

subjected to a tensile load of 60 KN and the extension of the rod is equal to 0.4 mm

5. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of length 400mm and thickness 3mm is

found be 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly in width from 20mm to 60mm E for the bar

is 2x 105 N/mm2

Determine the axial load on the bar.

6. The ultimate stress for a hollow steel column w hich carries an axial load of 2Mn is

500 N/mm2 .If the external diameter of the column is 250mm, determine the internal

diameter

Take the factor of safety as 4.0

PART- A (2 Marks)

1. State the different types of supports.

2. What is cantilever beam?

3. Write the equation for the simple bending theory

4. What do you mean by the point of contraflexure?

5. Define beam.

6. Define shear force and bending moment.

7. What is Shear stress diagram?

8. What is Bending moment diagram?

9. What are the types of load?

10. Write the assumption in the theory of simple bending.

11. What are the types of beams?

12. When will bending moment is maximum.

Define beam?

2. What is mean by transverse loading on beam?

3. What is Cantilever beam?

4. What is simply supported beam?

5. What is mean by over hanging beam?

6. What is mean by concentrated loads?

7. What is uniformly distributed load.

8. Define point of contra flexure? In which beam it

occurs?

9. What is mean by positive or sagging BM?

10. What is mean by negative or hogging BM?

11. Define shear force and bending moment?

12. When will bending moment is maximum?

13. What is maximum bending moment in a simply supported beam of span L

subjected to UDL of w over entire span?

14. In a simply supported beam how will you locate point of maximum bending

moment?

15. What is shear force?

16. What is shear force and bending moment diagram?

17. What are the types of beams?

18. What are the types of loads?

19. In which point the bending moment is maximum?

20. Write the assumption in the theory of simple bending?

21. Write the theory of simple bending equation?

1. Three planks of each 50 x200 mm timber are built up to a symmetrical I section for a

beam. The maximum shear force over the beam is 4KN. Propose an alternate

rectangular section of the same material so that the maximum shear stress developed is

same in both sections. Assume then width of the section to be 2/3 of the depth.

2. A beam of uniform section 10 m long carries a udl of KN/m for the entire length and a

concentrated load of 10 KN at right end. The beam is freely supported at the left end.

Find the position of the second support so that the maximum bending moment in the

beam is as minimum as possible. Also compute the maximum bending moment

2. A beam of size 150 mm wide, 250 mm deep carries a uniformly distributed load

of w kN/m over entire span of 4 m. A concentrated load 1 kN is acting at a

distance of 1.2 m from the left support. If the bending stress at a section 1.8 m

from the left support is not to exceed 3.25 N/mm2 find the load w.

3.

4. A cantilever of 2m length carries a point load of 20 KN at 0.8 m from the fixed

end and another point of 5 KN at the free end. In addition , a u.d.l. of 15 KN/m is

spread over the entire length of the cantilever. Draw the S.F.D, and B.M.D.

5.

5. A Simply supported beam of effective span 6 m carries three point loads of 30 KN, 25

KN and 40 KN at 1m, 3m and 4.5m respectively from theleft support. Draw the SFD and

BMD. Indicating values at salient points.

6. A Simply supported beam of length 6 metres carri es a udl of 20KN/m throughout its

length and a point of 30 KN at 2 metres from the right support. Draw the shear force and

bending moment diagram. Also find the position andmagnitude of maximum Bending

moment.

7. A Simply supported beam 6 metre span carries udl of 20 KN/m for left half of span

and two point loads of 25 KN end 35 KN at 4 m and 5 m from left support. Find

maximum SF and BM and their location drawing SF and BM diagram s.

UNIT III TORSION

PART-A (2 Marks)

1. Define torsional rigidity of the solid circular shaft.

2. Distinguish between closed coil helical spring and open coil helical spring

3. What is meant by composite shaft?

4. What is called Twisting moment?

5. What is Polar Modulus ?

6. Define: Torsional rigidity of a shaft.

7. What do mean by strength of a shaft?

8. Write down the equation for Wahl factor.

9. Define: Torsional stiffness.

10. What are springs? Name the two important types.

PART- B (16 Marks)

1. Determine the diameter of a solid shaft which will transmit 300 KN at 250 rpm. The

maximum shear stress should not exceed 30 N/mm 2 and twist should not be more than

10 in a shaft length 2m. Take modulus of rigidity = 1x 10 5N/mm2

2. The stiffness of the closed coil helical spring at mean diameter 20 cm is made of 3 cm

diameter rod and has 16 turns. A weight of 3 KN is dropped on this spring. Find the

height by which the weight should be dropped before striking the spring so that the

spring may be compressed by 18 cm. Take C= 8x104 N/mm 2

3. It is required to design a closed coiled helical spring which shall deflect 1mm under

anaxial load of 100 N at a shear stress of 90 Mpa. The spring is to be made of round

wire having shear modulus of 0.8 x 105 Mpa. The mean diameter of the coil is 10 times

that of the coil wire. Find the diameter and length of the wire.

4. A steel shaft ABCD having a total length of 2400 mm is contributed by three different

sections as follows. The portion AB is hollow having outside and inside diameters 80

mm and 50 mm respectively, BC is solid and 80 mm diameter. CD is also solid and 70

mm diameter. If the angle of twist is same for each section, determine the length of each

portion and the total angle of twist. Maximum permissible shear stress is 50 Mpa and

shear modulus 0.82 x 105 MPa

5. The stiffness of close coiled helical spring is 1.5 N/mm of compression under a

maximum load of 60 N. The maximum shear stress in the wire of the spring is 125

N/mm2. The solid length of the spring (when the coils are touching) is 50 mm. Find the

diameter of coil, diameter of wire and number of coils. C = 4.5

UNIT IV

BEAM DEFLECTION

PART-A (2 Marks)

1. What are the advantages of Macaulay method over the double integration method,

for

finding the slope and deflections of beams?

2. State the limitations of Eulers formula.

3. Define crippling load.

4. State Mohrs theorem.

5. State any three assumption made in Eulers column theory.

6. What are the different modes of failures of a column?

7. Write down the Rankine formula for columns.

8. What is effective or equivalent length of column?

9. Define Slenderness Ratio.

10. Define the terms column and strut.

1. A simply supported beam of 10 m span carries a uniformly distributed load of 1 kN/m

over the entire span. Using Castiglianos theorem, find the slope at the ends. EI =

30,000 kN-m2.

and10mm thick is loaded. If E=200 GN/m 2 calculate (1) The value of W so that the

maximum b ending stress is 150 MN/m2 (2) The maximum deflection for the loading

A beam of length of 10 m is simply supported at its ends and carries two point loads

of 100 KN and 60 KN at a distance of 2 m and 5 m respectively from the left

support. Calculate the deflections under each load. Find also the maximum

deflection. Take I = 18 X 108 mm4 and E = 2 X 105 N/mm2

ends. Rankines constant is 1 / 1600 and c= 54 KN/cm 2 . Find the buckling load. ii)

If another column of the same length, end conditions and rankine constant but of 12

cm X 12 cm square cross-section, and different m aterial, has the same buckling

load, find the value of c of its material.

distributed load of 10 KN/m as shown in figure. Determine the deflection of the beam

at its mid-point and also the position and the maximum deflection. Take EI=4.5 X 10 8

N-mm2

the beam at point C. Take I = 5 X 108 mm 4 and E = 2 X 10 N/mm2

7. A cantilever of length 2 m carries a uniformly distributed load of 2.5 KN/m run for a

length of 1.25 m from the fixed end and a point load of 1 KN at the free end. Find the

deflection at the free end if the section is rectangular 12 cm wide and 24 cm deep

and E=1 X 104 N/mm2

1m from the free end, and a point load of 1 KN at the free end. Find the slope and

deflection at the free end if E = 2.1 X 105 N/mm2 and I = 6.667 X 107 mm4

9. Determine the section of a hollow C.I. cylindrical column 5 m long with ends firmly

built in. The column has to carry an axial compressive load of 588.6 KN. The internal

diameter of the column is 0.75 times the external diameter. Use Rankines

constants. a = 1 / 1600, c= 57.58 KN/cm 2 and F.O.S = 6.

PART-A (2 Marks)

1. Distinguish between thick and thin cylinders.

2. Define Principal planes and principal stress.

3. Define: Thin cylinders. Name the stresses set up in a thin cylinder subjected to

internal fluid pressure.

4. What is Mohrs circle & name any the situations where it is used?

5. Define principal planes and principal stresses.

6. Draw Mohrs Circle for given shear stress q.

7. What is the necessary condition for maximum shear stress?

8. Define Obliquity.

9. Define Strain energy and resilience.

10. Define proof resilience and modulus of resilience.

PART- B (16 Marks)

1. A Thin cylindrical shell 3 m long has 1m interna l diameter and 15 mm metal

thickness. Calculate the circumferential and longitudinal stresses induced and also the

change in the dimensions of the shell, if it is subjected to an internal pressure of1.5

N/mm2 Take E = 2x105

N/mm2 and poisons ratio =0.3. Also calculate change in volume.

2. A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates 4 mm thick with plane ends,

carries fluid under pressure of 3 N/mm 2 The diameter of the cylinder is 25cm and

length is 75 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop stresses in the cylinder wall

and determine the change in diameter, length and Volume of the cylinder. Take E

=2.1x105 N/mm2 and 1/m = 0.286.

3. A rectangular block of material is subjected to a tensile stress of 110 N/mm 2 on

one plane

and a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on the plane at right angle to the former plane an d

a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on the plane at right angle to the former. Each of the

above stress is accompanied by a shear stress of 63 N/mm 2. Find (i) The direction

and magnitude of each of the principal stress (ii) Magnitude of greatest shear stress

4. At a point in a strained material, the principal stresses are100 N/mm 2 (T) and 40

N/mm2

(C). Determine the resultant stress in magnitude and direction in a plane inclined at

600 to

the axis of major principal stress. What is the maximum intensity of shear stress in

the material at the point?

one plane

and a tensile stress of 28 N/mm 2 on the plane at right angle to the former plane and

a tensile

stress of 28 N/mm2 on the plane at right angle to the former. Each of the above

stress is accompanied by a shear stress of 53 N/mm 2 . Find (i) The direction and

magnitude of each of the principal stress (ii) Magnitude of greatest shear stress

6 A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates 5 mm thick with plane ends, carries

fluid under pressure of 6 N/mm2 . The diameter of the cylinder is 35cm and length is

85 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop stresses in the cylinder wall and

determine the change

in diameter, length and Volume of the cylinder. Take E =2.1x10 5 N/mm2 and 1/m =

0.286.

7. At a point in a strained material, the principal stresses are 200 N/mm 2 (T) and 60

N/mm2

(C) Determine the direction and magnitude in a plan e inclined at 60 to the axis of

major principal stress. What is the maximum intensity of shear stress in the material

at the point

8. At a point in a strained material, the principal stresses are 100 N/mm 2 (T) and 40

N/mm2

(C) Determine the direction and magnitude in a plane inclined at 60 to the axis of

major

principal stress. What is the maximum intensity of shear stress in the material at the

point

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 1/7

KINGS

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK

Subject code/Name: ME2254/STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Year/Sem:II / IV

UNIT I STRESS, STRAIN DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS

PART A

(2 MARKS)

1. Define stress.

2. Define strain

3. State Hookes law.

4. Define shear stress and shear strain.

5. Define Poissons ratio.

6. State the relationship between Youngs Modulus a

nd Modulus of Rigidity.

7. Define strain energy

8. Give the relationship between Bulk Modulus and Y

oungs Modulus.

9. What is compound bar?

10. Define- elastic limit

11. Define Youngs modulus

12. Define Bulk-modulus

13. Define- lateral strain

PART B (16 MARKS)

1. A rod of 150 cm long and diameter 2.0cm is subje

cted to an axial pull of

20 KN . If the modulus of elasticity of the materia

l of the rod is 2x 10

5

N/mm

2

; determine 1. Stress 2. the strain 3. the elongati

on of the rod

2. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of leng

th 400mm and thickness

10mm is found to 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly i

n width from 100mm

to 50mm . If E for the bar is 2x 10

5

N/mm

2

,determine the axial load on the

bar

3. A rod of 250 cm long and diameter 3.0cm is subje

cted to an axial pull of

30 KN . If the modulus of elasticity of the materia

l of the rod is 2x 10

5

N/mm

2

; determine 1. Stress 2. the strain 3. the elongati

on of the rod

4. Find the youngs modulus of a rod of dia 30mm an

d of length 300mm

which is subjected to a tensile load of 60 KN and t

he extension of the red

is equal to 0.4 mm

5. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of leng

th 400mm and thickness

3mm is found be 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly in

width from 20mm to

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 2/7

60mm E for the bar is 2x 10

5

N/mm

2

,determine the axial load on the bar

6. The ultimate stress for a hollow steel column wh

ich carries an axial load

of 2Mn is 500 N/mm2 .If the external diameter of th

e column is 250mm,

determine the internal diameter .Take the factor of

safety as 4.0

UNIT II LOADS AND STRESSES

PART A (2 MARKS)

1. Define beam?

2. What is mean by transverse loading on beam?

3. What is Cantilever beam?

4. What is simply supported beam?

5. What is mean by over hanging beam?

6. What is mean by concentrated loads?

7. What is uniformly distributed load.

8. Define point of contra flexure? In which beam it

occurs?

9. What is mean by positive or sagging BM?

10. What is mean by negative or hogging BM?

11. Define shear force and bending moment?

12. When will bending moment is maximum?

13. What is maximum bending moment in a simply supp

orted beam of span L

subjected to UDL of w over entire span?

14. In a simply supported beam how will you locate

point of maximum bending

moment?

15. What is shear force?

16. What is shear force and bending moment diagram?

17. What are the types of beams?

18. What are the types of loads?

19. In which point the bending moment is maximum?

20. Write the assumption in the theory of simple be

nding?

21. Write the theory of simple bending equation?

PART B ( 16 MARKS)

1.

At a point in a strained material, the principal st

resses are 100 N/mm2 (T) and

40 N/mm2 (C) Determine the direction and magnitude

in a plane inclined at 600

to the axis of major principal stress. What is the

maximum intensity of shear

stress in the material at the point

2. Three planks of each 50 x200 mm timber are built

up to a symmetrical I

section for a beam. The maximum shear force over th

e beam is 4KN. Propose an

alternate rectangular section of the same material

so that the maximum shear

stress developed is same in both sections. Assume t

hen width of the section to

be 2/3 of the depth.

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 3/7

3. A beam of uniform section 10 m long carries a ud

l of KN/m for the entire length

and a concentrated load of 10 KN at right end. The

beam is freely supported at

the left end. Find the position of the second suppo

rt so that the maximum

bending moment in the beam is as minimum as possibl

e. Also compute the

maximum bending moment

4.

A beam of size 150 mm wide, 250 mm deep carries a u

niformly distributed

load of w kN/m over entire span of 4 m. A concentra

ted load

1 kN is acting at a distance of 1.2 m from the left

support. If the bending stress at

a section 1.8 m from the left support is not to exc

eed 3.25 N/mm2 find the load w.

5. a) The stiffness of close coiled helical spring

is 1.5 N/mm of compression

under a maximum load of 60 N. The maximum shear str

ess in the wire of the

spring is 125 N/mm2. The solid length of the spring

(when the coils are touching)

is 50 mm. Find the diameter of coil, diameter of wi

re and number of coils. C = 4.5

6.

At a point in a strained material, the principal st

resses are 200 N/mm2 (T) and

60 N/mm2 (C) Determine the direction and magnitude

in a plane inclined at 600

to the axis of major principal stress. What is the

maximum intensity of shear

stress in the material at the point

UNIT III TORSION

PART A (2 MARKS)

1. Define Torsion

2. What are the assumptions made in Torsion equatio

n

3. Define polar modulus

4. Write the polar modulus for solid shaft and circ

ular shaft.

5. Why hollow circular shafts are preferred when co

mpared to solid circular

shafts?

6. Write torsional equation

7. Write down the expression for power transmitted

by a shaft

8. Write down the expression for torque transmitted

by hollow shaft

9. Write down the equation for maximum shear stress

of a solid circular section

in diameter D when subjected to torque T in a s

olid shaft.

10. Define torsional rigidity

11. What is composite shaft?

12. What is a spring?

13. State any two functions of springs.

14. What are the various types of springs?

15. Classify the helical springs.

16. What is spring index (C)?

17. What is solid length?

18. Define spring rate (stiffness).

19. Define pitch.

20. Define helical springs.

21. What are the differences between closed coil &

open coil helical springs?

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 4/7

PART B ( 16 MARKS)

1. Determine the diameter of a solid shaft which wi

ll transmit 300 KN at 250 rpm.

The maximum shear stress should not exceed 30 N/mm2

and twist should not be

more than 10 in a shaft length 2m. Take modulus of

rigidity = 1x 10

5

N/mm2.

2. The stiffness of the closed coil helical spring

at mean diameter 20 cm is made

of 3 cm diameter rod and has 16 turns. A weight of

3 KN is dropped on this

spring. Find the height by which the weight should

be dropped before striking the

spring so that the spring may be compressed by 18 c

m. Take C= 8x10

4

N/mm2.

3. A compound tube consist of steel tube 140mm inte

rnal diameter and 160mm

external diameter and an outer brass tube 160mm int

ernal diameter and 180mm

external diameter. The two tubes are of same length

. The compound tube carries

an axial load of 900 KN. Find the stresses and the

load carried by each tube and

the amount it shortens. Length of each tube is 140m

m. Take E for steel as 2 x

10

5

N/mm2

4. It is required to design a closed coiled helical

spring which shall deflect 1mm

under an axial load of 100 N at a shear stress of 9

0 Mpa. The spring is to be

made of round wire having shear modulus of 0.8 x 10

5

Mpa. The mean diameter

of the coil is 10 times that of the coil wire. Find

the diameter and length of the

wire.

5. A steel shaft ABCD having a total length of 2400

mm is contributed by three

different sections as follows. The portion AB is ho

llow having outside and inside

diameters 80 mm and 50 mm respectively, BC is solid

and 80 mm diameter. CD

is also solid and 70 mm diameter. If the angle of t

wist is same for each section,

determine the length of each portion and the total

angle of twist. Maximum

permissible shear stress is 50 Mpa and shear modulu

s 0.82 x 10

5

MPa

6. A compound tube consist of steel tube 240mm inte

rnal diameter and 260mm

external diameter and an outer brass tube 260mm int

ernal diameter and 280mm

external diameter. The two tubes are of same length

. The compound tube carries

an axial load of 880 KN. Find the stresses and the

load carried by each tube and

the amount it shortens. Length of each tube is 140m

m. Take E for steel as 2 x

10

5

N/mm2

UNIT IV BEAM DEFLECTION

PART A (2 MARKS)

1. What are the methods for finding out the slope a

nd deflection at a section?

2. Why moment area method is more useful, when comp

ared with double

integration?

3. Explain the Theorem for conjugate beam method?

4. Define method of Singularity functions?

5. What are the points to be worth for conjugate be

am method?

6. What are the different sections in which the she

ar stress distribution is to be

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 5/7

obtained?

7. What do you mean by shear stress in beams?

8. What is the formula to find a shear stress at a

fiber in a section of a beam?

9. What is the shear stress distribution rectangula

r section?

10. What is the shear stress distribution Circular

section?

11. State the main assumptions while deriving the g

eneral formula for shear

stresses

12. Define: Shear stress distribution

13. What is the ratio of maximum shear stress to th

e average shear stress for the

rectangular section?

14. What is the ratio of maximum shear stress to th

e average shear stress in the

case of circular section?

15. What is the shear stress distribution value of

Flange portion of the I-section?

16. What is the value of maximum of minimum shear s

tress in a rectangular

cross section?

17. What is the shear stress distribution for I-sec

tion?

18. How will you obtained shear stress distribution

for unsymmetrical section?

19 Where the shear stress is max for Triangular sec

tion?

20. Where shear stress distribution diagram draw fo

r composite section?

PART B ( 16 MARKS)

1.

Obtained the deflection under the greater load for

the beam shown in fig using

the conjugate beam method.

2.

A 2m long cantilever made of steel tube of section

150 mm external diameter

and10mm thick is loaded as show in fig If E=200 GN/

m2 calculate (1) The value

of W so that the maximum bending stress is 150 MN/m

(2) The maximum

deflection for the loading

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 6/7

3.

A simply supported beam of length 4 m carries two p

oint loads 3 kN each at a

distance of 1 m from each end. E = 2 x105 N/mm2. I

= 108 mm4. Using

conjugate beam method determine slope at each end a

nd deflection under each

load.

4. (a) A cantilever beam 4m span carries a point lo

ad of 10 kN at free end. Find

the deflection and rotation at midspan using princ

iple of virtual work. EI =

25,000 kNm2

5. A simply supported beam of 10 m span carries a u

niformly distributed load of 1

kN/m over the entire span. Using Castiglianos theo

rem, find the slope at the

ends. EI = 30,000 kNm2.

6.

A 2m long cantilever made of steel tube of section

150 mm external diameter

and10mm thick is loaded as show in fig If E=200 GN/

m2 calculate (1) The value

of W so that the maximum bending stress is 150 MN/m

(2) The maximum

deflection for the loading

UNIT V ANALYSIS OF STRESSES IN TWO DIMENSION

PART A (2 MARKS)

1. What is mean by perfect frame?

2. What are the different types of frames?

3. What is mean by Imperfect frame?

4. What is mean by deficient frame?

5. What is mean by redundant frame?

6. What are the assumptions made in finding out the

forces in a frame?

7. What are the reactions of supports of a frame?

8. How will you Analysis of a frame?

9. What are the methods for Analysis the frame?

10. How method of joints applied to Trusses carryin

g Horizontal loads.

11. How method of joints applied to Trusses carryin

g inclined loads.

12. What is mean by compressive and tensile force?

13. How will you determine the forces in a member b

y method of joints?

14. Define thin cylinder?

15. What are types of stress in a thin cylindrical

vessel subjected to internal

pressure?

16. What is mean by Circumferential stress (or hoop

stress) and Longitudinal

stress?

17. What are the formula for finding circumferentia

l stress and longitudinal

stress?

18. What are maximum shear stresses at any point in

a cylinder?

19. What are the formula for finding circumferentia

l strain and longitudinal

strain?

20. What are the formula for finding change in diam

eter, change in length and

change volume of a cylindrical shell subjected to i

nternal fluid pressure p?

21. What are the formula for finding principal stre

sses of a thin cylindrical shell

subjected to internal fluid pressure p and a torque

?

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 7/7

PART B ( 16 MARKS)

1. A thin cylindrical shell 3 m long has 1m interna

l diameter and 15 mm metal

thickness. Calculate the circumferential and longit

udinal stresses induced and

also the change in the dimensions of the shell, if

it is subjected to an internal

pressure of1.5 N/mm2 Take E = 2x105 N/mm2 and poiso

ns ratio =0.3. Also

calculate change in volume.

2. A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates

4 mm thick with plane ends,

carriesfluid under pressure of 3 N/mm2 The diameter

of the cylinder is 25cm and

length is75 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop

stresses in the cylinder wall

and determine the change in diameter, length and Vo

lume of the cylinder. Take E

=2.1x105 N/mm2 and 1/m = 0.286.

3. A rectangular block of material is subjected to

a tensile stress of 110 N/mm2

on one plane and a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on th

e plane at right angle to the

former. plane and a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on t

he plane at right angle to the

former. Each of the above stress is accompanied by

a shear stress of 63 N/mm2

Find (i) The direction and magnitude of each of the

principal stress (ii) Magnitude

of greatest shear stress

4. At a point in a strained material, the principal

stresses are100 N/mm2 (T) and

40 N/mm2 (C). Determine the resultant stress in mag

nitude and direction in a

plane inclined at 600 to the axis of major principa

l stress. What is the maximum

intensity of shear stress in the material at the po

int?

5. A rectangular block of material is subjected to

a tensile stress of 210 N/mm2

on one plane and a tensile stress of 28 N/mm2 on th

e plane at right angle to the

former. plane and a tensile stress of 28 N/mm2 on t

he plane at right angle to the

former. Each of the above stress is accompanied by

a shear stress of 53 N/mm2

Find (i) The direction and magnitude of each of the

principal stress (ii) Magnitude

of greatest shear stress

6 A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates

5 mm thick with plane ends,

carries fluid under pressure of 6 N/mm2 The diamete

r of the cylinder is 35cm and

length is85 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop

stresses in the cylinder wall

and determine the change in diameter, length and Vo

lume of the cylinder. Take E

=2.1x105 N/mm2 and 1/m = 0.286.

##############

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