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# KONGU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PERUNDURAI- 638 052.

## 11ME401 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

YEAR/SEM: II / IV

## UNIT I STRESS STRAIN DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS

PART- A (2 Marks)
1. What is Hookes Law?
2. What are the Elastic Constants?
3. Define Poissons Ratio.
4. Define: Resilience, proof resilience and modulus
of resilience.
5. Distinguish between rigid and deformable bodies.
6. Define stress and strain.
7. Define Shear stress and Shear strain.
8. Define elastic limit.
9. Define volumetric strain.
10. Define tensile stress and compressive stress.
11. Define youngs Modulus.
12. Define modulus of rigidity.
13. Define thermal stress.

Define stress.
2. Define strain
3. State Hookes law.
4. Define shear stress and shear strain.
5. Define Poissons ratio.
6. State the relationship between Youngs Modulus a
nd Modulus of Rigidity.
7. Define strain energy
8. Give the relationship between Bulk Modulus and Y
oungs Modulus.
9. What is compound bar?
10. Define- elastic limit
11. Define Youngs modulus
12. Define Bulk-modulus
13. Define- lateral strain
PART- B (16 Marks)
1. A rod of 150 cm long and diameter 2.0cm is subjected to an axial pull of 20 KN. If the
modulus of elasticity of the material of the rod is 2x 10 5 N/mm2
Determine 1. Stress 2. Strain 3. the elongation of the rod

2. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of length 400mm and thickness 10mm is
found to 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly in width from 100m m to 50mm. If E for the
bar is 2x 105 N/mm2 ,Determine the axial load on the bar

3. A rod of 250 cm long and diameter 3.0cm is subjected to an axial pull of 30 KN. If the
modulus of elasticity of the material of the rod is 2x 10 5 N/mm2Determine 1. Stress 2.
Strain 3. the elongation of the rod

4. Find the youngs modulus of a rod of diameter 30 mm and of length 300mm which is
subjected to a tensile load of 60 KN and the extension of the rod is equal to 0.4 mm
5. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of length 400mm and thickness 3mm is
found be 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly in width from 20mm to 60mm E for the bar
is 2x 105 N/mm2
Determine the axial load on the bar.

6. The ultimate stress for a hollow steel column w hich carries an axial load of 2Mn is
500 N/mm2 .If the external diameter of the column is 250mm, determine the internal
diameter
Take the factor of safety as 4.0

## UNIT II BEAMS LOADS AND STRESSES

PART- A (2 Marks)
1. State the different types of supports.
2. What is cantilever beam?
3. Write the equation for the simple bending theory
4. What do you mean by the point of contraflexure?
5. Define beam.
6. Define shear force and bending moment.
7. What is Shear stress diagram?
8. What is Bending moment diagram?
9. What are the types of load?
10. Write the assumption in the theory of simple bending.
11. What are the types of beams?
12. When will bending moment is maximum.

Define beam?
3. What is Cantilever beam?
4. What is simply supported beam?
5. What is mean by over hanging beam?
6. What is mean by concentrated loads?
7. What is uniformly distributed load.
8. Define point of contra flexure? In which beam it
occurs?
9. What is mean by positive or sagging BM?
10. What is mean by negative or hogging BM?
11. Define shear force and bending moment?
12. When will bending moment is maximum?
13. What is maximum bending moment in a simply supported beam of span L
subjected to UDL of w over entire span?
14. In a simply supported beam how will you locate point of maximum bending
moment?
15. What is shear force?
16. What is shear force and bending moment diagram?
17. What are the types of beams?
18. What are the types of loads?
19. In which point the bending moment is maximum?
20. Write the assumption in the theory of simple bending?
21. Write the theory of simple bending equation?

## PART- B (16 Marks)

1. Three planks of each 50 x200 mm timber are built up to a symmetrical I section for a
beam. The maximum shear force over the beam is 4KN. Propose an alternate
rectangular section of the same material so that the maximum shear stress developed is
same in both sections. Assume then width of the section to be 2/3 of the depth.

2. A beam of uniform section 10 m long carries a udl of KN/m for the entire length and a
concentrated load of 10 KN at right end. The beam is freely supported at the left end.
Find the position of the second support so that the maximum bending moment in the
beam is as minimum as possible. Also compute the maximum bending moment

2. A beam of size 150 mm wide, 250 mm deep carries a uniformly distributed load
of w kN/m over entire span of 4 m. A concentrated load 1 kN is acting at a
distance of 1.2 m from the left support. If the bending stress at a section 1.8 m
from the left support is not to exceed 3.25 N/mm2 find the load w.
3.
4. A cantilever of 2m length carries a point load of 20 KN at 0.8 m from the fixed
end and another point of 5 KN at the free end. In addition , a u.d.l. of 15 KN/m is
spread over the entire length of the cantilever. Draw the S.F.D, and B.M.D.
5.
5. A Simply supported beam of effective span 6 m carries three point loads of 30 KN, 25
KN and 40 KN at 1m, 3m and 4.5m respectively from theleft support. Draw the SFD and
BMD. Indicating values at salient points.
6. A Simply supported beam of length 6 metres carri es a udl of 20KN/m throughout its
length and a point of 30 KN at 2 metres from the right support. Draw the shear force and
bending moment diagram. Also find the position andmagnitude of maximum Bending
moment.
7. A Simply supported beam 6 metre span carries udl of 20 KN/m for left half of span
and two point loads of 25 KN end 35 KN at 4 m and 5 m from left support. Find
maximum SF and BM and their location drawing SF and BM diagram s.
UNIT III TORSION
PART-A (2 Marks)
1. Define torsional rigidity of the solid circular shaft.
2. Distinguish between closed coil helical spring and open coil helical spring
3. What is meant by composite shaft?
4. What is called Twisting moment?
5. What is Polar Modulus ?
6. Define: Torsional rigidity of a shaft.
7. What do mean by strength of a shaft?
8. Write down the equation for Wahl factor.
9. Define: Torsional stiffness.
10. What are springs? Name the two important types.
PART- B (16 Marks)
1. Determine the diameter of a solid shaft which will transmit 300 KN at 250 rpm. The
maximum shear stress should not exceed 30 N/mm 2 and twist should not be more than
10 in a shaft length 2m. Take modulus of rigidity = 1x 10 5N/mm2
2. The stiffness of the closed coil helical spring at mean diameter 20 cm is made of 3 cm
diameter rod and has 16 turns. A weight of 3 KN is dropped on this spring. Find the
height by which the weight should be dropped before striking the spring so that the
spring may be compressed by 18 cm. Take C= 8x104 N/mm 2

3. It is required to design a closed coiled helical spring which shall deflect 1mm under
anaxial load of 100 N at a shear stress of 90 Mpa. The spring is to be made of round
wire having shear modulus of 0.8 x 105 Mpa. The mean diameter of the coil is 10 times
that of the coil wire. Find the diameter and length of the wire.
4. A steel shaft ABCD having a total length of 2400 mm is contributed by three different
sections as follows. The portion AB is hollow having outside and inside diameters 80
mm and 50 mm respectively, BC is solid and 80 mm diameter. CD is also solid and 70
mm diameter. If the angle of twist is same for each section, determine the length of each
portion and the total angle of twist. Maximum permissible shear stress is 50 Mpa and
shear modulus 0.82 x 105 MPa
5. The stiffness of close coiled helical spring is 1.5 N/mm of compression under a
maximum load of 60 N. The maximum shear stress in the wire of the spring is 125
N/mm2. The solid length of the spring (when the coils are touching) is 50 mm. Find the
diameter of coil, diameter of wire and number of coils. C = 4.5
UNIT IV
BEAM DEFLECTION
PART-A (2 Marks)
1. What are the advantages of Macaulay method over the double integration method,
for
finding the slope and deflections of beams?
2. State the limitations of Eulers formula.
4. State Mohrs theorem.
5. State any three assumption made in Eulers column theory.
6. What are the different modes of failures of a column?
7. Write down the Rankine formula for columns.
8. What is effective or equivalent length of column?
9. Define Slenderness Ratio.
10. Define the terms column and strut.

## PART- B (16 Marks)

1. A simply supported beam of 10 m span carries a uniformly distributed load of 1 kN/m
over the entire span. Using Castiglianos theorem, find the slope at the ends. EI =
30,000 kN-m2.

## 2. A 2 m long cantilever made of steel tube of section 150 mm external diameter

and10mm thick is loaded. If E=200 GN/m 2 calculate (1) The value of W so that the
maximum b ending stress is 150 MN/m2 (2) The maximum deflection for the loading
A beam of length of 10 m is simply supported at its ends and carries two point loads
of 100 KN and 60 KN at a distance of 2 m and 5 m respectively from the left
support. Calculate the deflections under each load. Find also the maximum
deflection. Take I = 18 X 108 mm4 and E = 2 X 105 N/mm2

## 4. i) A column of solid circular section, 12 cm diameter, 3.6 m long is hinged at both

ends. Rankines constant is 1 / 1600 and c= 54 KN/cm 2 . Find the buckling load. ii)
If another column of the same length, end conditions and rankine constant but of 12
cm X 12 cm square cross-section, and different m aterial, has the same buckling
load, find the value of c of its material.

## 5. A beam of length of 6 m is simply supported at its ends. It carries a uniformly

distributed load of 10 KN/m as shown in figure. Determine the deflection of the beam
at its mid-point and also the position and the maximum deflection. Take EI=4.5 X 10 8
N-mm2

## 6. An overhanging beam ABC is loaded as shown is figure. Determine the deflection of

the beam at point C. Take I = 5 X 108 mm 4 and E = 2 X 10 N/mm2

7. A cantilever of length 2 m carries a uniformly distributed load of 2.5 KN/m run for a
length of 1.25 m from the fixed end and a point load of 1 KN at the free end. Find the
deflection at the free end if the section is rectangular 12 cm wide and 24 cm deep
and E=1 X 104 N/mm2

## 8. A cantilever of length 2m carries a uniformly distributed load 2 KN/m over a length of

1m from the free end, and a point load of 1 KN at the free end. Find the slope and
deflection at the free end if E = 2.1 X 105 N/mm2 and I = 6.667 X 107 mm4

9. Determine the section of a hollow C.I. cylindrical column 5 m long with ends firmly
built in. The column has to carry an axial compressive load of 588.6 KN. The internal
diameter of the column is 0.75 times the external diameter. Use Rankines
constants. a = 1 / 1600, c= 57.58 KN/cm 2 and F.O.S = 6.

## UNIT V ANALYSIS OF STRESSES IN TWO DIMENSIONS

PART-A (2 Marks)
1. Distinguish between thick and thin cylinders.
2. Define Principal planes and principal stress.
3. Define: Thin cylinders. Name the stresses set up in a thin cylinder subjected to
internal fluid pressure.
4. What is Mohrs circle & name any the situations where it is used?
5. Define principal planes and principal stresses.
6. Draw Mohrs Circle for given shear stress q.
7. What is the necessary condition for maximum shear stress?
8. Define Obliquity.
9. Define Strain energy and resilience.
10. Define proof resilience and modulus of resilience.
PART- B (16 Marks)
1. A Thin cylindrical shell 3 m long has 1m interna l diameter and 15 mm metal
thickness. Calculate the circumferential and longitudinal stresses induced and also the
change in the dimensions of the shell, if it is subjected to an internal pressure of1.5
N/mm2 Take E = 2x105
N/mm2 and poisons ratio =0.3. Also calculate change in volume.

2. A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates 4 mm thick with plane ends,
carries fluid under pressure of 3 N/mm 2 The diameter of the cylinder is 25cm and
length is 75 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop stresses in the cylinder wall
and determine the change in diameter, length and Volume of the cylinder. Take E
=2.1x105 N/mm2 and 1/m = 0.286.
3. A rectangular block of material is subjected to a tensile stress of 110 N/mm 2 on
one plane
and a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on the plane at right angle to the former plane an d
a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on the plane at right angle to the former. Each of the
above stress is accompanied by a shear stress of 63 N/mm 2. Find (i) The direction
and magnitude of each of the principal stress (ii) Magnitude of greatest shear stress
4. At a point in a strained material, the principal stresses are100 N/mm 2 (T) and 40
N/mm2
(C). Determine the resultant stress in magnitude and direction in a plane inclined at
600 to
the axis of major principal stress. What is the maximum intensity of shear stress in
the material at the point?

## 5. A rectangular block of material is subjected to a tensile stress of 210 N/mm 2 on

one plane
and a tensile stress of 28 N/mm 2 on the plane at right angle to the former plane and
a tensile
stress of 28 N/mm2 on the plane at right angle to the former. Each of the above
stress is accompanied by a shear stress of 53 N/mm 2 . Find (i) The direction and
magnitude of each of the principal stress (ii) Magnitude of greatest shear stress

6 A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates 5 mm thick with plane ends, carries
fluid under pressure of 6 N/mm2 . The diameter of the cylinder is 35cm and length is
85 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop stresses in the cylinder wall and
determine the change
in diameter, length and Volume of the cylinder. Take E =2.1x10 5 N/mm2 and 1/m =
0.286.

7. At a point in a strained material, the principal stresses are 200 N/mm 2 (T) and 60
N/mm2
(C) Determine the direction and magnitude in a plan e inclined at 60 to the axis of
major principal stress. What is the maximum intensity of shear stress in the material
at the point

8. At a point in a strained material, the principal stresses are 100 N/mm 2 (T) and 40
N/mm2
(C) Determine the direction and magnitude in a plane inclined at 60 to the axis of
major
principal stress. What is the maximum intensity of shear stress in the material at the
point

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 1/7

KINGS
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
QUESTION BANK
Subject code/Name: ME2254/STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
Year/Sem:II / IV
UNIT I STRESS, STRAIN DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS
PART A
(2 MARKS)
1. Define stress.
2. Define strain
3. State Hookes law.
4. Define shear stress and shear strain.
5. Define Poissons ratio.
6. State the relationship between Youngs Modulus a
nd Modulus of Rigidity.
7. Define strain energy
8. Give the relationship between Bulk Modulus and Y
oungs Modulus.
9. What is compound bar?
10. Define- elastic limit
11. Define Youngs modulus
12. Define Bulk-modulus
13. Define- lateral strain
PART B (16 MARKS)
1. A rod of 150 cm long and diameter 2.0cm is subje
cted to an axial pull of
20 KN . If the modulus of elasticity of the materia
l of the rod is 2x 10
5
N/mm
2
; determine 1. Stress 2. the strain 3. the elongati
on of the rod
2. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of leng
th 400mm and thickness
10mm is found to 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly i
n width from 100mm
to 50mm . If E for the bar is 2x 10
5
N/mm
2
,determine the axial load on the
bar
3. A rod of 250 cm long and diameter 3.0cm is subje
cted to an axial pull of
30 KN . If the modulus of elasticity of the materia
l of the rod is 2x 10
5
N/mm
2
; determine 1. Stress 2. the strain 3. the elongati
on of the rod
4. Find the youngs modulus of a rod of dia 30mm an
d of length 300mm
which is subjected to a tensile load of 60 KN and t
he extension of the red
is equal to 0.4 mm
5. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of leng
th 400mm and thickness
3mm is found be 0.21mm .The bar tapers uniformly in
width from 20mm to
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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 2/7
60mm E for the bar is 2x 10
5
N/mm
2
,determine the axial load on the bar
6. The ultimate stress for a hollow steel column wh
of 2Mn is 500 N/mm2 .If the external diameter of th
e column is 250mm,
determine the internal diameter .Take the factor of
safety as 4.0
PART A (2 MARKS)
1. Define beam?
3. What is Cantilever beam?
4. What is simply supported beam?
5. What is mean by over hanging beam?
6. What is mean by concentrated loads?
7. What is uniformly distributed load.
8. Define point of contra flexure? In which beam it
occurs?
9. What is mean by positive or sagging BM?
10. What is mean by negative or hogging BM?
11. Define shear force and bending moment?
12. When will bending moment is maximum?
13. What is maximum bending moment in a simply supp
orted beam of span L
subjected to UDL of w over entire span?
14. In a simply supported beam how will you locate
point of maximum bending
moment?
15. What is shear force?
16. What is shear force and bending moment diagram?
17. What are the types of beams?
18. What are the types of loads?
19. In which point the bending moment is maximum?
20. Write the assumption in the theory of simple be
nding?
21. Write the theory of simple bending equation?
PART B ( 16 MARKS)
1.
At a point in a strained material, the principal st
resses are 100 N/mm2 (T) and
40 N/mm2 (C) Determine the direction and magnitude
in a plane inclined at 600
to the axis of major principal stress. What is the
maximum intensity of shear
stress in the material at the point
2. Three planks of each 50 x200 mm timber are built
up to a symmetrical I
section for a beam. The maximum shear force over th
e beam is 4KN. Propose an
alternate rectangular section of the same material
so that the maximum shear
stress developed is same in both sections. Assume t
hen width of the section to
be 2/3 of the depth.
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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 3/7
3. A beam of uniform section 10 m long carries a ud
l of KN/m for the entire length
and a concentrated load of 10 KN at right end. The
beam is freely supported at
the left end. Find the position of the second suppo
rt so that the maximum
bending moment in the beam is as minimum as possibl
e. Also compute the
maximum bending moment
4.
A beam of size 150 mm wide, 250 mm deep carries a u
niformly distributed
load of w kN/m over entire span of 4 m. A concentra
1 kN is acting at a distance of 1.2 m from the left
support. If the bending stress at
a section 1.8 m from the left support is not to exc
eed 3.25 N/mm2 find the load w.
5. a) The stiffness of close coiled helical spring
is 1.5 N/mm of compression
under a maximum load of 60 N. The maximum shear str
ess in the wire of the
spring is 125 N/mm2. The solid length of the spring
(when the coils are touching)
is 50 mm. Find the diameter of coil, diameter of wi
re and number of coils. C = 4.5
6.
At a point in a strained material, the principal st
resses are 200 N/mm2 (T) and
60 N/mm2 (C) Determine the direction and magnitude
in a plane inclined at 600
to the axis of major principal stress. What is the
maximum intensity of shear
stress in the material at the point
UNIT III TORSION
PART A (2 MARKS)
1. Define Torsion
2. What are the assumptions made in Torsion equatio
n
3. Define polar modulus
4. Write the polar modulus for solid shaft and circ
ular shaft.
5. Why hollow circular shafts are preferred when co
mpared to solid circular
shafts?
6. Write torsional equation
7. Write down the expression for power transmitted
by a shaft
8. Write down the expression for torque transmitted
by hollow shaft
9. Write down the equation for maximum shear stress
of a solid circular section
in diameter D when subjected to torque T in a s
olid shaft.
10. Define torsional rigidity
11. What is composite shaft?
12. What is a spring?
13. State any two functions of springs.
14. What are the various types of springs?
15. Classify the helical springs.
16. What is spring index (C)?
17. What is solid length?
18. Define spring rate (stiffness).
19. Define pitch.
20. Define helical springs.
21. What are the differences between closed coil &
open coil helical springs?
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PART B ( 16 MARKS)
1. Determine the diameter of a solid shaft which wi
ll transmit 300 KN at 250 rpm.
The maximum shear stress should not exceed 30 N/mm2
and twist should not be
more than 10 in a shaft length 2m. Take modulus of
rigidity = 1x 10
5
N/mm2.
2. The stiffness of the closed coil helical spring
at mean diameter 20 cm is made
of 3 cm diameter rod and has 16 turns. A weight of
3 KN is dropped on this
spring. Find the height by which the weight should
be dropped before striking the
spring so that the spring may be compressed by 18 c
m. Take C= 8x10
4
N/mm2.
3. A compound tube consist of steel tube 140mm inte
rnal diameter and 160mm
external diameter and an outer brass tube 160mm int
ernal diameter and 180mm
external diameter. The two tubes are of same length
. The compound tube carries
an axial load of 900 KN. Find the stresses and the
load carried by each tube and
the amount it shortens. Length of each tube is 140m
m. Take E for steel as 2 x
10
5
N/mm2
4. It is required to design a closed coiled helical
spring which shall deflect 1mm
under an axial load of 100 N at a shear stress of 9
0 Mpa. The spring is to be
made of round wire having shear modulus of 0.8 x 10
5
Mpa. The mean diameter
of the coil is 10 times that of the coil wire. Find
the diameter and length of the
wire.
5. A steel shaft ABCD having a total length of 2400
mm is contributed by three
different sections as follows. The portion AB is ho
llow having outside and inside
diameters 80 mm and 50 mm respectively, BC is solid
and 80 mm diameter. CD
is also solid and 70 mm diameter. If the angle of t
wist is same for each section,
determine the length of each portion and the total
angle of twist. Maximum
permissible shear stress is 50 Mpa and shear modulu
s 0.82 x 10
5
MPa
6. A compound tube consist of steel tube 240mm inte
rnal diameter and 260mm
external diameter and an outer brass tube 260mm int
ernal diameter and 280mm
external diameter. The two tubes are of same length
. The compound tube carries
an axial load of 880 KN. Find the stresses and the
load carried by each tube and
the amount it shortens. Length of each tube is 140m
m. Take E for steel as 2 x
10
5
N/mm2
UNIT IV BEAM DEFLECTION
PART A (2 MARKS)
1. What are the methods for finding out the slope a
nd deflection at a section?
2. Why moment area method is more useful, when comp
ared with double
integration?
3. Explain the Theorem for conjugate beam method?
4. Define method of Singularity functions?
5. What are the points to be worth for conjugate be
am method?
6. What are the different sections in which the she
ar stress distribution is to be
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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING PAGE NO. 5/7
obtained?
7. What do you mean by shear stress in beams?
8. What is the formula to find a shear stress at a
fiber in a section of a beam?
9. What is the shear stress distribution rectangula
r section?
10. What is the shear stress distribution Circular
section?
11. State the main assumptions while deriving the g
eneral formula for shear
stresses
12. Define: Shear stress distribution
13. What is the ratio of maximum shear stress to th
e average shear stress for the
rectangular section?
14. What is the ratio of maximum shear stress to th
e average shear stress in the
case of circular section?
15. What is the shear stress distribution value of
Flange portion of the I-section?
16. What is the value of maximum of minimum shear s
tress in a rectangular
cross section?
17. What is the shear stress distribution for I-sec
tion?
18. How will you obtained shear stress distribution
for unsymmetrical section?
19 Where the shear stress is max for Triangular sec
tion?
20. Where shear stress distribution diagram draw fo
r composite section?
PART B ( 16 MARKS)
1.
Obtained the deflection under the greater load for
the beam shown in fig using
the conjugate beam method.
2.
A 2m long cantilever made of steel tube of section
150 mm external diameter
and10mm thick is loaded as show in fig If E=200 GN/
m2 calculate (1) The value
of W so that the maximum bending stress is 150 MN/m
(2) The maximum
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3.
A simply supported beam of length 4 m carries two p
oint loads 3 kN each at a
distance of 1 m from each end. E = 2 x105 N/mm2. I
= 108 mm4. Using
conjugate beam method determine slope at each end a
nd deflection under each
4. (a) A cantilever beam 4m span carries a point lo
ad of 10 kN at free end. Find
the deflection and rotation at midspan using princ
iple of virtual work. EI =
25,000 kNm2
5. A simply supported beam of 10 m span carries a u
kN/m over the entire span. Using Castiglianos theo
rem, find the slope at the
ends. EI = 30,000 kNm2.
6.
A 2m long cantilever made of steel tube of section
150 mm external diameter
and10mm thick is loaded as show in fig If E=200 GN/
m2 calculate (1) The value
of W so that the maximum bending stress is 150 MN/m
(2) The maximum
UNIT V ANALYSIS OF STRESSES IN TWO DIMENSION
PART A (2 MARKS)
1. What is mean by perfect frame?
2. What are the different types of frames?
3. What is mean by Imperfect frame?
4. What is mean by deficient frame?
5. What is mean by redundant frame?
6. What are the assumptions made in finding out the
forces in a frame?
7. What are the reactions of supports of a frame?
8. How will you Analysis of a frame?
9. What are the methods for Analysis the frame?
10. How method of joints applied to Trusses carryin
11. How method of joints applied to Trusses carryin
12. What is mean by compressive and tensile force?
13. How will you determine the forces in a member b
y method of joints?
14. Define thin cylinder?
15. What are types of stress in a thin cylindrical
vessel subjected to internal
pressure?
16. What is mean by Circumferential stress (or hoop
stress) and Longitudinal
stress?
17. What are the formula for finding circumferentia
l stress and longitudinal
stress?
18. What are maximum shear stresses at any point in
a cylinder?
19. What are the formula for finding circumferentia
l strain and longitudinal
strain?
20. What are the formula for finding change in diam
eter, change in length and
change volume of a cylindrical shell subjected to i
nternal fluid pressure p?
21. What are the formula for finding principal stre
sses of a thin cylindrical shell
subjected to internal fluid pressure p and a torque
?
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PART B ( 16 MARKS)
1. A thin cylindrical shell 3 m long has 1m interna
l diameter and 15 mm metal
thickness. Calculate the circumferential and longit
udinal stresses induced and
also the change in the dimensions of the shell, if
it is subjected to an internal
pressure of1.5 N/mm2 Take E = 2x105 N/mm2 and poiso
ns ratio =0.3. Also
calculate change in volume.
2. A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates
4 mm thick with plane ends,
carriesfluid under pressure of 3 N/mm2 The diameter
of the cylinder is 25cm and
length is75 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop
stresses in the cylinder wall
and determine the change in diameter, length and Vo
lume of the cylinder. Take E
=2.1x105 N/mm2 and 1/m = 0.286.
3. A rectangular block of material is subjected to
a tensile stress of 110 N/mm2
on one plane and a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on th
e plane at right angle to the
former. plane and a tensile stress of 47 N/mm2 on t
he plane at right angle to the
former. Each of the above stress is accompanied by
a shear stress of 63 N/mm2
Find (i) The direction and magnitude of each of the
principal stress (ii) Magnitude
of greatest shear stress
4. At a point in a strained material, the principal
stresses are100 N/mm2 (T) and
40 N/mm2 (C). Determine the resultant stress in mag
nitude and direction in a
plane inclined at 600 to the axis of major principa
l stress. What is the maximum
intensity of shear stress in the material at the po
int?
5. A rectangular block of material is subjected to
a tensile stress of 210 N/mm2
on one plane and a tensile stress of 28 N/mm2 on th
e plane at right angle to the
former. plane and a tensile stress of 28 N/mm2 on t
he plane at right angle to the
former. Each of the above stress is accompanied by
a shear stress of 53 N/mm2
Find (i) The direction and magnitude of each of the
principal stress (ii) Magnitude
of greatest shear stress
6 A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates
5 mm thick with plane ends,
carries fluid under pressure of 6 N/mm2 The diamete
r of the cylinder is 35cm and
length is85 cm. Calculate the longitudinal and hoop
stresses in the cylinder wall
and determine the change in diameter, length and Vo
lume of the cylinder. Take E
=2.1x105 N/mm2 and 1/m = 0.286.
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