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SAMPLE OF CALCULATIONS

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger


Tube Inner diameter, di : 2.56mm
Tube Outer diameter, do : 3.20 mm
Tube Length, L : 508 mm
Tube side : hot water @ 60C
Shell side : cold water @ 30C [3].
Based on experiment with constant flowrate of hot water, FT1= 10 LPM and
FT2 = 2 LPM

Properties of cold water @ 30C from TABLE A-9:


=996.0 kg/ m3 , Cp = 4178 J/kg.K

1) Find the mass flow rate, m


of cold water,
m

= m=v

v ,
3
kg = 996.03 kg x 1 m x 2 L x 1 min
m ( )
s m 1000 L min 60 s

= 0.0332 kg/s

cold =Q
Q hot
2) Assume that , the rate of heat transfer in the heat exchanger is
determined from
Q cold mC
pT
=

0.0332kg 4178 J 1K
= s x kg . K x ( 43.829.6 ) C x 1 C

= 1969.6763 J/s

3) The proper average temperature difference between the two fluids is the log mean
temperature difference, which is determined from
T1
ln( T 2 )
T 1 T where
2

T lm=
h ,T c ,out
T 1=T = (48.8 43.8) C = 5 C

c ,
T 2=T h ,out T = (47.6- 29.6) C = 18 C

(518) C
T lm= = 10.1488 C
ln(5/18)

4) The surface area of the heat exchanger is determined to be


2.56 x 10
508 x 10
(3)=4.0856 x 103 m2
(3)
A s=DL=

5) Thus, the overall heat transfer coefficient, U is determined from



Q=U A s T lm

Q 1969.6763 W 1
U = A s T lm = (4.0856 x 103 m2 )(10.1488) x 1K = 47503.359

2
W/ m . K
2
= 47.50 kW / m . K
Temperature Profile
100 48.8
90
80
47.6
70
60
43.8 Hot water
Temperature ( C) 50
40 Cold water
30
29.6
20
10
0

Graph 8.1 shows temperature profile study for constant flowrate of hot water, FT1 =
10 LPM and FT2 = 2 LPM

Based on experiment with constant flowrate of cold water, FT2= 10 LPM and
FT1 = 2 LPM

Properties of hot water @ 60C from TABLE A-9:


=983.3 kg/ m3 , Cp = 4185 J/kg.K

1) Find the mass flow rate, m


of cold water,
m

= m=v

v ,
3
kg = 983.33 kg x 1 m x 2 L x 1 min
m ( )
s m 1000 L min 60 s

= 0.03278 kg/s

hot =Q
Q cold
2) Assume that , the rate of heat transfer in the heat exchanger is
determined from
Q hot mC
pT
=

0.03278 kg 4185 J 1K
= s x kg . K x ( 49.336.6 ) C x 1 C
= 1742.2406 J/s
3) The proper average temperature difference between the two fluids is the log mean
temperature difference, which is determined from
T1
ln( T 2 )
T 1 T where
2

T lm=

h ,T c ,out
T 1=T = (49.3 30.8) C = 18.5 C

c ,
T 2=T h ,out T = (36.6- 29.1) C = 7.5 C

(18.57.5) C
T lm= = 12.1834 C
ln(18.5/7.5)

4) The surface area of the heat exchanger is determined to be


2.56 x 10
508 x 10
(3)=4.0856 x 103 m2
(3)
A s=DL=

5) Thus, the overall heat transfer coefficient, U is determined from



Q=U A s T lm

Q 1742.2406 W 1
U = A s T lm = 3 2
(4.0856 x 10 m )( 12.1834 ) x 1K = 35001.2683

2
W/ m . K
2
= 35.00 kW / m . K
Temperature Profile

90
80 2
701 49.3
36.6
60 Hot water
50
Temperature ( C) Cold water
40 30.8
30
29.1
20
10
0

Graph 8.2 shows temperature profile study for constant flowrate of cold water,
FT2 = 10 LPM and FT1 = 2 LPM