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Main article: Pony

Ponies are taxonomically the same animals as horses. The distinction between a horse and pony is
commonly drawn on the basis of height, especially for competition purposes. However, height alone
is not dispositive; the difference between horses and ponies may also include aspects of phenotype,
including conformation and temperament.

The traditional standard for height of a horse or a pony at maturity is 14.2 hands (58 inches,
147 cm). An animal 14.2 h or over is usually considered to be a horse and one less than 14.2 h a
pony,[29] but there are many exceptions to the traditional standard. In Australia, ponies are considered
to be those under 14 hands (56 inches, 142 cm).[30] For competition in the Western division of
the United States Equestrian Federation, the cutoff is 14.1 hands (57 inches, 145 cm).
The International Federation for Equestrian Sports, the world governing body for horse sport,
uses metric measurements and defines a pony as being any horse measuring less than 148
centimetres (58.27 in) at the withers without shoes, which is just over 14.2 h, and 149 centimetres
(58.66 in), or just over 14.2 h, with shoes.[32]