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# DESGIN A 1 kw STAND ALONE PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM

STATEMENT:

## The energy requirement for seven days can be calculated as follows :

(Basic Figure 1.)

## Energy given directly the load = 1000 x 8 x 5

Hence , the rest of the energy must be stored in and supplied by the
battery bank and it is

## Since the charge discharge efficiency of the battery bank is 90 %, the

energy to be supplied to the battery bank is = 128000 /0.9 = 142222 whr

## Battery Bank sizing :

If the voltage of the battery bank is 108 V , then its charge capacity =
142,222 / 108 = 1316.87

## Total charge = 2 x 1316.87 = 2622.75 Ahr ?

These four diodes waste some photovoltaic power which depends on the
currents. At 108 V , the load current is = 1000 W /108 = 9.26 A

Both the diodes will dissipate power which is = 9.26 x 0.7 = 6.5 W

## Total dissipation in diodes D3 and D4 . Energy passing through them =

40000 + 142,222 =182,222 whr

## In terms of energy = 29.53 x 8 x5 = 1181 Whr

Total energy dissipated in four diodes = 1092 + 1181 = 2273 Whr (this
energy must also supplied by PV) and

184495 Whr

## This energy is deliver by MPPT which itself has an efficiency of 90 %.

Hence, the energy delivered at the input of the MPPT from the array =
184495 /0.9 = 204,994.44 Whr

Finally, we need account for the wiring and cabling losses and therefore
the oput of the array = 204994.44 + (204994.44x5/100) = 215244.16 whr

## Array Size calculation

If the array is set to collect the maximum energy over one year , then the
tit angle should be fixed at

## = latitude x 0.9 =28.58 x 0.9

The radiation data for delhi at a tilt angle of 25 gives a value of 2131.2
kWhr/m2 annually. This amount to an average of 2131 / 365 = 5.84
kWhr/m2/day.

## The power of array required is = 215244 / (5.84 x 5) = 7371 W

The de-rating of a 150 W module when the inside cell temperature is40 0C
higher is

= (0.5/100) x 40 x 150 = 30 W

## The total array power must me raised by 20 %.. therefore, the

required power of the array becomes

## Therefore, The number of 150 W modules needed = 8846 /150 = 59

Electrical parameters of the module :

1. Pmax = 150 W

2. Imax = 4.80 A

3. Vmax = 34 V

4. Isc = 5.0 A

5. Voc = 42.8 V