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ReadyReckonerConcrete

Forslabs,pathsanddriveways
1.Firstcalculatethearea:
Areasquaremetres(m)=lengthxwidth(metres)

2.Thenusethefollowingtable:

Cubicmetres(m)needed.Slabthicknessinmm.
Area
(m) 50 75 100 125 150

5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.8

10 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.4 1.6

15 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.4

20 1.0 1.6 2.0 2.6 3.0

25 1.4 2.0 2.6 3.2 3.8

30 1.6 2.4 3.0 3.8 4.6

35 1.8 2.6 3.6 4.4 5.4

40 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0

45 2.4 3.4 4.6 5.8 6.8

50 2.6 3.8 5.0 6.4 7.6

Yellowarea:Whenusingpremixedbaggedconcreteasaguide1cubicmetre(m)requires108x20kgbags
Bluearea:1cubicmetre(m)ofconcretecontainsroughly2.5tonnesofrawmaterial.Nontradescustomers
withjobsthatfallintotheshadedareamightwishtoconsiderorderingpremixedconcretefromareadymixed
supplier

MixingRawMaterials
Suggestedmixproportionsbyvolume

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Materials HighStrength&watertight Generaluse,paths,floorsetc Foundations&largemasses

cement 1 1 1

sand 2 2.5 3

stoneorgravel 3 4 5

EstimatingHowMuchtoOderTofill1cubicmetre(m)

Mix(asperconcreteuse) No.20kgbags cubicmetres cubicmetres


ofcement (m)ofsand (m)ofstones
Cement Sand Stone

1 2 3 16 0.5 0.8

1 2.5 4 13 0.5 0.8

1 3 5 11 0.5 0.9

BuyingPremixBags:Concrete
EstimatingthenumberofbagsofconcreteMixbyjobsize

Cubicmetres(m) .02 .04 .06 .08 0.10

No.20kgbags 2 4 6 8 10*

*108x20kgbagsofBoralConcreteMixwillfill1cubicmetre

Forfencepostsandotherroundexcavations
Calculateforeachholeas:

Cubicmetres(m)needed.Holediameter(mm).
Depthofhole(mm)
300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 700mm

200 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.08

400 0.03 0.05 0.08 0.11 0.15

600 0.04 0.08 0.12 0.17 0.23

800 0.06 0.10 0.16 0.23 0.31

1000(1m) 0.07 0.13 0.20 0.28 0.38

PostCalculations

Step1. Calculateentireholevolume.

Formula: TTrh
=3.14x(0.15mx0.15m)x0.5m
=3.14x0.0225
x0.5
Volume=0.0353m

Step2. CalculatePostArea

Formula: TTrh
=3.14x(0.075x0.075)x0.5m
=3.14x0.00563x0.5
Volume=0.00884m

=VolumeStep1VolumeStep2
Step3. =0.353m0.0088m
=0.02646m

=Multiplybynumberof20kgbags
Step4. perm(108bags)
=0.02646mx108
Therefore=2.86bagsof20kg
ConcreteMix,requiredtofixpostinhole.

ReadyReckonerMortar

MixingRawMaterials
Suggestedmixproportionsbyvolume

Materials ExternalBrick&Block Exposedtoseaairorspray Internalrenderingabove Internalrenderingbelow


Construction (within1kmofcoast) dampcourse dampcourse

cement 1 1 1 1

sand 6 4 6 3

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hydrated 1 0.5 1
lime

BuyingPremixBags:Mortar
UsingBrickiesMortartolaybricksEstimatingbagsbybricknumber

No.bricks 200 400 600 800 1000

No.20kgbags 12 24 36 48 60

LayingbricksEstimatinghowMuchtoorder

Forevery1000bricks Brickswithoutfrog

cement sand hydratedlime No.20kgbagsofcement cubicmetres(m3)ofsand No.20kgbagsofhydratedlime

1 6 1 8 0.65 3

1 4 0.5 12 0.65 2

1 3 16 0.65

Whichcementforwhatconditions?

General HighEarly Special


Builders OffWhite
Condition Purpose Pozzoment Strength Purpose
Cement Cement
Cement Cement Cement

GeneralNospecificrequirements

InServiceExposuretoweakacids

Exposuretosoftwater(lowindissolved

salts)

Exposetosulphates(SO4)

<600mg/litre

6003000mg/litre

>3000mg/litre

MarineEnvironmentPermanently
submergedinseawater

Tidalorsplashzone

Marineatmosphere

DuringConstructionCold
weather

Earlystrengthrequiredforstrippingof

formwork

Hotweather

Massconcretewhererapidheat

evolutionistobeavoided

Colouredconcretespecified

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