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Figure 1. Early cataract formation. Note posterior subcapsular location of opacity.

(Reproduced, with
permission from Raab EL, Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 6, Pediatric Ophthalmology and
Strabismus, American Academy of Ophthalmology, 20132014.)
Figure 2. Cortical cataract. A. Focal cortical cataract from a small perforating injury to
the lens capsule. B. Focal cortical cataract viewed by retroillumination. ( 2013
American Academy of Ophthalmology.)
Figure 3. Congenital cataract. ( 2013 American Academy of Ophthalmology.)
Figure 4. Traumatic cataract and iridodialysis secondary to a paintball injury. ( 2013 American Academy
of Ophthalmology. Courtesy of Mark H. Blecher, MD.)
Figure 5. Nuclear cataract. ( 2013 American Academy of Ophthalmology.)
Figure 6. Mature cataract. A cataract is called mature when the lens is totally opacified. A red reflex
cannot be obtained; the pupil appears white and the fundus completely obscured. The radial spokes in
this figure reflect variations in density of the radially arranged fibers in the cortical layers of the lens. Light
still reaching the retina is totally diffused and will allow the perception of light but not form. ( 2013
American Academy of Ophthalmology.)
Figure 7. The Wilmer grading system of nuclear opacities( 2013 American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Courtesy of Sheila West, PhD.)
Figure 8. Specular reflection can make visible deep corneal guttae (orange-peel-like, dark indentations of
the endothelium caused by focal excrescences of Descemets membrane) in early Fuchs corneal
dystrophy ( 2013 American Academy of Ophthalmology.)
Figure 9. Pseudoexfoliation. ( 2013 American Academy of Ophthalmology.)
Anterior Polar Cataract. Reproduced, with permission, from Bobrow, JC, Basic and Clinical Science
Course, Section 11. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology, 20102011

Progressive Lens. Reproduced, with permission, from Wisnicki HJ. Bifocals, Trifocals, and Progressive
Addition Lenses. In: Focal Points, Clinical Modules for Ophthalmologists, Module 6. San Francisco:
American Academy of Ophthalmology; 1999. Illustration by Christine Gralapp, MA, CM
I

Coloration of Lens.Reproduced with permission from Lerman S. Phototoxicity: clinical considerations.


Focal Points: Clinical Modules for Ophthalmologists. San Francisco: American Academy of
Ophthalmology; 1987, module 8.

Ophthalmology Monographs 7: Cataract Surgery and Intraocular Lens. 2nd ed. San Francisco: American
Academy of Ophthalmology, 2001.
Epicapsular Stars. AAO

Gambar Skematis Lensa (AAO, 2011)


Gambar embryology lensa

Bentuk dan posisi lensa di mata


Epitel lensa
Leukokoria pada Katarak Kongenital
(Paul dan John, 2007)
Anatomi Lensa tampak Anterior dan lateral

Anatomi lensa
Morfologi katarak nuclear

Morfologi katarak kortikal

Morfologi katarak sub kapsuler posterior


Katarak Insipien

Katarak immature dan morfologinya

Gambaran iris shadow (A) pada katarak

imatur (+); (B) pada katarak matur (-)


Katarak matur & gambaran morfologinya
Katarak hipermatur & gambaran morfologinya