0 Stimmen dafür0 Stimmen dagegen

6 Aufrufe18 SeitenApr 20, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT oder online auf Scribd lesen

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

6 Aufrufe

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- Hydraulic Fracturing design
- SPE Series - Acidizing Fundamentals
- Fracturing_Modeling.pdf
- Recent Advances in Hydraulic Fracturing
- Hydraulic Fracturing
- Performance Analysis of Centrifugal Pump’s Impeller of Low Specific Speed for Various Designs and Validation of Result by CFD
- QAQC MANUAL - Onshore Hydraulic Fracturing Manual_V1_Jul04
- Minifrac Analysis and Design
- IJEET_06_08_002
- Efecte de Inertie La Permeabilitate
- MODERN HYDRUALIC FRACTURING.pdf
- app_d_pro
- BJ Services - Fundamentals of Engineering Lab Practices
- Stimulation Manual ONGC 2008
- Reservoir Stimulation HandBook
- Chapter 4_Intro to Turbulence
- Kul-24.3200_L02_Resistance_002_2015_autumn
- Hopkinson 1960
- 2-D-Computations-of-unsteady-flow-past-a-square-cylinder-with-the-Baldwin-Lomax-Model_1994_Journal-of-Fluids-and-Structures.pdf
- 127 80 Instructions

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 18

Abdul Malik Kakar1, Shiyi Zheng2 and George Stewart3

1Pakistan Petroleum Limited (PPL), Heriot-Watt University, m_kakar@ppl.com.pk

2Heriot-Watt University, shiyi.zheng@pet.hw.ac.uk

3Heriot-Watt University, EPS, george.stewart@pet.hw.ac.uk

in the formation is no longer radial and propped fracture

Vast reserves of natural gas exist trapped in low will dominate the flow system. Therefore, conventional

permeability formations throughout the world. Due to inflow performance relationship (IPR) models based on

the low viscosity of gas, reserves under certain conditions radial flow assumption are not applicable. At longer

can be recovered from these low permeability formations times the Pseudo-radial flow is reached in every fractured

where the economic recovery of conventional liquid system irrespective of fracture conductivities.

hydrocarbons would not be possible. In order to allow

economic production from gas wells in low permeability The equations developed for radial homogeneous system

reservoirs, hydraulic fracturing is often necessary to become equally applicable for analysing this flow period.

increase gas recovery. However, Pseudo-radial flow period data can not be

used for estimating fracture parameters, and a negative

The presence of non-Darcy flow significantly reduces skin factor has been used to reflect the stimulation effect.

the effective conductivity of the propped fracture, and

hence adversely affects productivity of a hydraulically As the permeability in the propped fracture is much

fractured gas well. This paper presents study, which is higher than formation matrix permeability, much of the

aimed at analysis of well test conducted on hydraulically gas will first flow into the fracture, and then along the

fractured gas well. A simulation study was conducted fracture, before reaching the wellbore. The non-Darcy

to generate pressure-transient response for a hydraulically effects associated with inertia and high flow velocities

fractured gas well for the purpose of well test in the fracture significantly influence the well

interpretation. The non-Darcy flow effects have been performance. Other factors that are likely to affect the

investigated as a function of fracture geometry. The well productivity may include formation damage, water

resulting variation in transient pressure response blocking and alteration of capillary pressure due to

eventually leads to changes in the well production fracturing fluid invasion.

capacity. The paper also includes the investigation of

optimum fracture geometry for which non-Darcy flow This paper presents study, which is aimed at analysis

effects are negligible thereby optimizing well of both pressure-transient, and deliverability testing

performance. data, for hydraulically fractured gas wells in the presence

of non-Darcy flow. A simulation study was conducted

INTRODUCTION to generate pressure-transient response for a hydraulically

fractured gas well for the purpose of well test

Hydraulic fracturing is an effective technique for interpretation. The non-Darcy flow effects have been

increasing the productivity of gas wells producing from investigated as a function of fracture geometry. The well

low permeability formations. For a fractured well, is assumed vertical and producing at a constant flow

fracture length, fracture conductivity and formation rate. Permeability, skin, non-Darcy flow co-efficient

permeability are the parameters that govern productivity and absolute open-flow-potential, are determined from

of the well. Post-fractured well test analysis significantly well test analysis. An optimum case has also been

aids evaluating fracture treatment design and forecasting investigated for which non-Darcy flow effects are

the well performance. negligible.

263

FRACTURED WELL PRODUCTIVITY

well is controlled by dimensionless fracture conductivity, Where u is the superficial velocity, k is the

Fcd. [13]. permeability, dp is the pressure drop, and x is the

dimension at x-direction.

flow in porous media, but cannot describe fluid

flow accurately when the flow rate is high. For

Where gases, flow rate is always very high especially in

kf *wf = Fracture conductivity (i.e. ability of fracture to the restricted areas such as near the wellbore and

conduct fluid to the wellbore). in fractures. Forchhimer (1901) proposed a classical

k *xf = Ability of formation to deliver fluid into hydraulic equation for counteracting the deficiency

fracture. encountered with Darcys law, by adding a non-

Darcy term into Darcys flow equation. He found

For values of Fcd equal or greater than 300, the fracture that the pressure gradient required to maintain a

will be called infinite-conductive. [2] certain flow rate through porous media was higher

than predicted by Darcys law. [1]

Flow Patterns in Hydraulically Fractured Wells

formation around a hydraulically fractured well. They

are named as fracture-linear, bi-linear, formation linear,

elliptical, and pseudoradial flow. [11]

Where the fluid density, and is the non-Darcy flow

Fracture-linear flow is short-lived and is normally coefficient. Different authors have referred to in a

dominated by wellbore storage effects. During this number of different ways including: turbulence factor

period, most of the fluid entering the wellbore comes by Cornell and Katz, and Tek et. al., coefficient of inertial

from fluid expansion in the fracture, and flow pattern resistance by Greerstma, and Al-Rumhy et. al., the

is essentially linear. Bilinear flow evolves in finite- velocity coefficient by Firoozabadi, the non-Darcy

conductive fracture, and is mostly the first flow regime coefficient by Civan and Evans, Liu et. al. The non-

that can be observed after the wellbore storage effects Darcy flow coefficient is usually determined by analysis

are dissipated. This period is featured by linear flows of multi-rate pressure test, and from correlations in cases

in both the fracture and formation and that the fracture where well test data is not available. [1].

tips do not affect the pressure behaviour of the well.

Most of the fluid in this period comes from the formation, Cornell and Katz attributed the non-Darcy effect, in

and pwf is a linear function of t1/4. The duration of bi- other words the non-linearity between pressure gradient

linear flow depends on Fcd. and velocity, to turbulence. However many researchers

such as Bear, Scheidgger, Barek, Ruth and Ma, Whitaker

Formation linear flow occurs in only infinite-conductive have agreed that the non-linearity is not due to turbulence

fractures. Elliptical flow, a transitional flow, occurs only but to inertial effects. Bear gave the following three

in between a linear and nearly linear flow patterns at reasons to exclude turbulence as cause for the non-

early times and a radial or nearly radial flow at later Darcy effect [1].

times. Pseudoradial flow occurs in fractures irrespective

of fracture conductivities. After sufficiently long flow 1. In turbulent flow through pipes, the linear term of

period, the fracture appears to the reservoir as an extended Eq-3 does not exist.

wellbore. All the equations developed for radial

homogeneous system are equally applicable for 2. In flow through pipes, the transition from laminar

interpreting data of this flow period. The larger the time to turbulent flow is not gradual but rather steep.

is, the later the development of essentially radial flow.

[11] 3. The critical Reynolds number Re at which transition

starts is several orders of magnitude higher than that

Non-Darcy Flow at which non-Darcy effect begins.

Laminar flow of fluid through a porous media can be

described using Darcys law.

264

Non-Darcy Flow in Propped Fractures for generating pressure-transient behaviour of

hydraulically fractured gas well. Black-oil simulation

Analysis of the effects of non-Darcy flow in high rate model could be an option, however as the main objectives

oil and gas wells shows that, fracture conductivities are were to investigate non-Darcy flow effects, and this is

dominated by non-Darcy flow effects and that effective only possible with compositional model.

conductivities are non-linearly dependent on proppant

coverage. [5]. Dual porosity models are conventionally used to describe

fractured gas reservoirs. In this model, the flow from

Significant non-Darcy flow can exist in a fracture at the matrix to fracture is assumed to be in semi-steady

any time in the life of a vertically fractured well. On state. It has been demonstrated that such models do not

the average, about 10% of the total fracture pressure predict the matrix-fracture flow accurately. This is

drop can be attributed to non-Darcy flow effects [2, 6]. particularly true when the matrix permeability is very

If substantial non-Darcy flow is occurring in the fracture, low. This necessitates taking full transient flow behaviour

the calculation of fracture length using conventional within the matrix quantinuum. It may be noted that

techniques will result in values that are far too small. transient time in a very low permeability gas reservoirs

[7] may range from a few days to several months. [10]

fractures with non-Darcy flow are governed by the

dimensionless fracture conductivity, F c d and In first the system investigated in this study, we have

dimensionless flow rate, [2, 6] considered a single, fully penetrated, vertical well in

the centre of a horizontal, closed and square reservoir

of uniform thickness, h. The well is intercepted by a

fully penetrating hydraulic fracture. The fracture has a

height of h, half-length of xf, width of wf and permeability

of kf. The reservoir properties are assumed uniform and

homogeneous. The fluid considered for this study is dry

gas (methane) with a specific gravity of 0.553. Table 1

lists the basic reservoir properties. The most widely

When analysing post-fracture well test, the overall used Peng-Robison equation of state (EOS) was used

effective fracture conductivity taking into account the to obtain fluid properties such as viscosity, FVF and

flow distribution along the fracture is given by: compressibility.

Fracture Model

with half-length, xf of 100 ft and width, wf of 0.5 inch,

The coefficient C depends on the flow condition in fracture, is modelled. Non-Darcy flow factors for proppants used

and value ranges from 0.3 to 0.6. [5] in the simulation model are taken from StimLab report.

The proppant type selected for the range of permabilities

In high rate, hydraulically fractured gas wells, non- and temperature is resin-coated sand, having porosity

Darcy flow effects may reduce effective fracture of 39.1%.

conductivity by a factor of 10 [5]. The non-Darcy flow

can reduce the effective conductivity near the wellbore Coefficient of inertia has units of [L-1], but some of

by a factor of 20 or more. [7] laboratories use unit of [atm-s2/g, also called Forchhimer

unit, F]. The values provided for non-Darcy flow factor

The effect of non-Darcy flow is more significant when by StimLab are in the later units, and the same unit is

describing gas flow in propped fractures. As a result of required for Eclipse. Values of for different proppant

neglecting the effects of non-Darcy flow in fracture, permabilities are tabulated in Table 3.

conflicts arise between well testing estimates and design

values of fracture conductivity and fracture half-length, Modelling Grids

which continue cause uncertainty and debate.

SIMULATION A low permeability gas reservoir (square- 2,000 x 2,000

ft) with a hydraulically fractured gas well in the centre

Overview is modelled using 2D Cartesian grids coordinates (3,

A numerical simulator (Eclipse-300, Schlumberger 249 grid cells), (57 blocks each in x and y direction).

Geoquest, compositional simulation software) is used The size of grids cells is small near the well (1 ft) and

265

fracture tips (10 ft) in x-direction, and close to the pressure, pi. Whereas the radial flow regime for final

fracture face (1 ft) in y-direction. Larger size of grids build-up was analysed on semilog plot, Horner plot, to

cells 100 ft in the matrix) is assigned to the blocks away determine average reservoir pressure, p*, reservoir

from the fracture. Base models grids are shown in Figs. permeability, k, and total skin, S.

3. and 4.

Flow-after-Flow Transient Analysis

Pressure Transient Response for Base Model

This analysis is aimed at determining the Darcy and non-

Pressure-Transient response generated from base model Darcy skin factors, S and D respectively. In order to carry

is shown in Fig. 5. This shows more pressure draw down out this analysis, it is necessary to have multi-rate test.

with non-Darcy flow. Procedure of analysis is as follows:

semilog plot, Horner plot, the permeability value

In order to investigate effects of non-Darcy flow on obtained in the first test period was adjusted with

performance of a fractured gas well, a sensitivity study the one estimated from the final build-up estimated

of different factors was performed. Different fracture previously.

factors such as fracture half-length (xf), fracture width 2. Parallel lines were placed at the same permeability,

(wf) and proppant permabilities (kf) are analysed. Table with one on each test period. In order to do rate

5 presents different cases that have been studied. Pressure- dependent skin analysis the non-Darcy skin analysis

Transient response generated from simulation of all the option was utilized, and total skin associated with

cases for sensitivity analysis are shown in Fig. 7. each test period was determined.

3. On skin vs. flow rate plot (S~Q) a line was fitted

WELL TEST ANALYSIS by selecting skin calculations; Darcy skin, S, rate

dependent skin, D and non-Darcy flow coefficient,

The pressure-transient behaviour to be analysed (using F, are determined. After confirming the results,

Pansystem, EPS) was generated from compositional the previously obtained, S on Horner plot is over-

simulator as discussed in previous section. The schedule written. The skin, S determined from this plot is

of a multi-rate drawdown and build-up, in which the rates appropriate since the skin from Horner plot was a

are kept constant in all the cases, is given in Table 4. total skin, which includes both Darcy and non-

Darcy skin.

Fluid Parameters

widely used Peng-Robinson EOS as shown in Table 2.

Model Validation

for validation. The default model selected, as the base

model was a vertical fracture-finite conductivity-closed

system. The test was analysed as dry gas, vertical well,

and the analysis are shown in Fig. 6.

Fig-1: Graphical representation of determining S and

Analysis for Non-Darcy Flow D form Mutirate test. [15]

default model was selected as radial homogeneous- 4. After confirming values of S, D and F in step-3,

infinite acting. In Pansystem, it is only possible to carry from transient deliverability analysis, IPR curve is

out non-Darcy flow analysis, when the model is radial plotted.

homogenous. The procedure of the analysis is divided

into build-up and multi-rate drawdown: Well Test analysis is shown in Fig. 8.

Build-Up Analysis

on semilog plot, Horner plot, to estimate initial reservoir

266

SUMMARY OF RESULTS CONCLUSIONS

1. The productivity of a hydraulically fractured gas

Results

well is determined by fracture length, fracture

conductivity and post-fractured permeability.

The base case was modelled with two scenarios, one

2. Non-Darcy flow in the fracture significantly affects

neglecting non-Darcy flow effects and other including

the productivity of a fractured gas well. Hydraulic

this effect. All the sensitivities of fracture geometries

fracturing treatment should create a wide and high-

were analysed for non-Darcy flow effects, while the

conductivity fracture to reduce this effect. Short

optimum case was also analysed for both scenarios.

and wide fractures (such as TSO fracturing),

Results of well tests analysis and interpretation for all

significantly reduces the non-Darcy flow effects.

the cases including base case, sensitivities and optimum

3. Propped hydraulic fracture with fracture width of

case are plotted in Figs. 9 to 11.

1 or greater, yields results which show non-Darcy

flow effects negligibly small.

Discussion

FUTURE WORK

It is clear from the comparison plots that both the

negative skin and AOF are increasing, with the increase

Some highlighted important work that may be done in

of fracture width, fracture half-length and fracture

future to continue this study is:

permeability.

1. Utilizing improved simulation skills to simulate

As observed from the results of well test analysis and

hydraulic fracture accurately, particularly looking

interpretation, the fracture width and permeability

for the fracture tip effects. Although an attempt was

significantly affect performance of the well and hence

made to study the tip effects by defining tip as

supporting the concept of tip screenout (TSO) fracturing,

impermeable block, no effects were seen in the

i.e. the wider, shorter fracture provides much better

results.

productivity than long, narrow one.

2. As the effects of non-Darcy flow are considered

more adverse for multiphase flow, this work may

As this study aimed at the analysing and investigating

be extended to hydraulically fractured Gas-

for non-Darcy flow effects, the optimum case in which

Condensate wells.

fracture width is 1 inch, gives negligible non-Darcy

flow effects. This is clear from pressure-transient response

REFERENCES

as shown in Fig. 9 and well test results. Therefore, a

fracture width of 1 inch or greater minimizes the non-

[1] SPE 70015, Literature Review on Correlations of

Darcy flow effects to negligibly small thereby improves

the Non-Darcy Coefficient, Dacun Li, SPE, and Thomas

performance of a hydraulically fractured gas well.

W. Engler, SPE, New Mexico Institute of Mining and

Technology.

[2] SPE 71573, Fractured-Well-Test Design and

Analysis in the Presence of Non-Darcy Flow, A. Gil,

SPE, and E. Ozkan, SPE, Colorado School of Mines,

and R. Raghavan, SPE, Phillips Petroleum Co.

[3] SPE 63176, Effect of Non-Darcy Flow on the

Interpretation of Transient Pressure Responses of

Hydraulically Fractured Wells, S. Umnuayponwiwat,

SPE, and E. Ozkan, SPE, Colorado School of Mines,

and C.M. Pearson, SPE, and M. Vincent, SPE, Carbo

Ceramics Inc.

[4] SPE 26150, Physical Explanations of Non-Darcy

Flow Effects for Fluid Flow in Porous media, Hulping

Ma, SPE, and D.W.Ruth, DPE. U. of Manitoba.

[5] SPE 20709, The Effects of Non-Darcy Flow in

Propped Hydraulic Fractures, J.P. Martins, PE,

BP Exploration; D. Milton-Tayler, BP Research; and

H.K. Leung, SPE, BP Exploration

Fig. 2. Tip Screen Out and Conventional Fracturing Compared [13] [6] SPE 11101, Non-Darcy Compressible Flow of Real

Gases in Propped Fracture, Ubani, phraim A.Evans,

267

Ronald D.U. of Oklahoma.

[7] SPE 5586, The Effects of Non-Darcy Flow on the

Behavior of Hydraulically Fractured Gas Wells (includes

associated paper 6417), Holditch, S.A.Texas A and M

U.Morse, R.A.Texas A and M U.

[8] SPE 25465, Production Performance of

Hydraulically Fractured Gas Wells , Liao, Yizhu, Lee,

W.J., Texas A and M U.

[9] SPE 77901, An Analytical Model for Production

Estimation from Hydraulically Fractured Tight-Gas

Reservoirs, M.M. Rahman*, M.K. Rahman, and S.S.

Rahman; SPE, School of Petroleum Engineering,

University of New South Wales, Australia.

[10] SPE 39060, Simulation of Fractured Gas

Reservoir-An Overview, S. Vossoughi, SPE, K. Asgarir,

SPE, University of Kansas.

[11] Gas Reservoir Engineering John Lee, Robert A.

Wattenberger.

[12] Well Testing, Prof. George Stewart.

[13] Production Technology-2, Dr. David R. Davis.

[14] Fundaments of Reservoir Engineering, L.P.Dake.

[15] Gas Well Testing, David A.T. Donohue.

[16] Unified Fracture Design, Michael Economides,

Ronald Oligney and Peter Valko.

268

269

Table. 4. Test Schedule.

270

Fig. 3. Base Case Model.

Fig. 5. Pressure-transient Response for Base Case (with and without non-Darcy Flow effect).

271

Fig. 6. Well Test Analysis for Model Validation.

272

Fig. 6 (Contd.). Well Test Analysis for Model Validation.

273

Fig. 7. Pressure-transient Plots for Sensitivities Studied.

274

Fig. 8. Well Test Analysis for Non-Darcy Flow Effects.

275

Fig. 8 (Contd.). Well Test Analysis for Non-Darcy Flow Effects.

276

Fig. 9. Variation of negative skin with sensitivities.

277

Fig. 10. Variation of non-Darcy flow factor with sensitivities.

278

Fig. 11. Variation of AOF factor with sensitivities.

279

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Masters degree in Petroleum

Engineering from Heriot-Watt

University, Edinburgh-UK and

Bachelors degree in Petroleum

Engineering from the University

of Engineering and Technology

(UET), Lahore-Pakistan. He is

currently working as a Petroleum Engineer with

Technical Services Department of Pakistan Petroleum

Limited (PPL). Kakar joined PPL in January 1998 and

has to his credit over six (06) years of experience in

Production Technology, Production Operations and Well

Testing. He is a member of Pakistan Engineering Council

(PEC) and Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), and

also a member of the SPEs program committee in

Karachi.

280

- Hydraulic Fracturing designHochgeladen voncrown212
- SPE Series - Acidizing FundamentalsHochgeladen vonhungpvpro
- Fracturing_Modeling.pdfHochgeladen vonWilliam Joel Moran Mogollon
- Recent Advances in Hydraulic FracturingHochgeladen vonnguoivietnam10
- Hydraulic FracturingHochgeladen vonYusmawanGraha
- Performance Analysis of Centrifugal Pump’s Impeller of Low Specific Speed for Various Designs and Validation of Result by CFDHochgeladen vonIDES
- QAQC MANUAL - Onshore Hydraulic Fracturing Manual_V1_Jul04Hochgeladen vonSatori Grant
- Minifrac Analysis and DesignHochgeladen vonTarek Tarkan
- IJEET_06_08_002Hochgeladen vonIAEME Publication
- Efecte de Inertie La PermeabilitateHochgeladen vonAlex Iordache
- MODERN HYDRUALIC FRACTURING.pdfHochgeladen vonnguoivietnam10
- app_d_proHochgeladen vonRamanamurthy Palli
- BJ Services - Fundamentals of Engineering Lab PracticesHochgeladen vonellswors
- Stimulation Manual ONGC 2008Hochgeladen vonrahul_storm
- Reservoir Stimulation HandBookHochgeladen vonlonely1976
- Chapter 4_Intro to TurbulenceHochgeladen vonsainipan91
- Kul-24.3200_L02_Resistance_002_2015_autumnHochgeladen vonBraulyo Pimentel
- Hopkinson 1960Hochgeladen vonmartin ferrer
- 2-D-Computations-of-unsteady-flow-past-a-square-cylinder-with-the-Baldwin-Lomax-Model_1994_Journal-of-Fluids-and-Structures.pdfHochgeladen vonitssid19
- 127 80 InstructionsHochgeladen vonJean Carlos Villegas
- Internal Flow Analysis of a Dump Diffuser Using CFDHochgeladen vonIJRASETPublications
- TurbulenceHochgeladen vonAnand Jaiswal
- Kompendium TurbHochgeladen vonSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- c h a p t e r 20Hochgeladen vonalizareiforoush
- THIN layer and MHD flow.pdfHochgeladen vonLeonardo
- RESERVOIR GEOMECHANICS COUPLING_EMI [Autoguardado].pptxHochgeladen vonSebastianRomeroBeizaga
- Paper Nasa 1989Hochgeladen vonyicdoo
- SPE-24-PAHochgeladen vonarjun2014
- Xie 2014Hochgeladen vonJemi Jolly
- 0409Hochgeladen vonVictor Atilola

- EOR ReportHochgeladen vonrarunr1
- SPE-158461-MSHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- SPE-1112-0028-JPTHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- OMC-2003-118Hochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- W1V1 - Energy Scene - Handout.pdfHochgeladen vonDanilson Paulo Melicio
- Ambient to Insitu Poro PermHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- SPE-151576-MS-PHochgeladen vonali
- IPTC-13732-MSHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- LogQM MethodologyHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- Rotliegend Marginal Notes 2010 NlogHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- 3_wti_control_of_downhole.pdfHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- 2 Wti FundamentalsHochgeladen vongdchanes
- 6 Wti Specialized Test TypeHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- 5 Wti Interpretation ReviewHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- Offshore Drilling 2Hochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- 2 Poro TransientHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering SyllabusHochgeladen vonSandeep Bunty
- Conventional Mech iHochgeladen vonOmanasa Omanasa
- Near FaultHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- Well testingHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- SPE-000417-GHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- 18686025 Laplace TransformsHochgeladen vongoutammand
- Shirdel Dissertation 2013Hochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- 2 poro dataHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- SPE-142316-MS-PHochgeladen vonAjendra Singh
- manual saphirHochgeladen vonPrincess Tia Handayani

- IReferNow May 2019Hochgeladen vongmwanderi
- A Study of Two Phase Air Water Flow in Horizontal and Inclined PipelinesHochgeladen vonramihey
- crinkill ns enrolment policy 2019Hochgeladen vonapi-284668628
- Informatica PowerCenter Scenario-IIHochgeladen vonnelrick1984
- fake newsHochgeladen vonAndré Bonsanto
- Maintenance Organization in a Fertilizer ComplexHochgeladen vonKhurramRehmaan3167
- News of the Rack - VCV - 01 2019Hochgeladen vonAlfonso Santimone
- EDC hub letter and college.pdfHochgeladen vonSelvakumar R
- slides for parasite computingHochgeladen vonRubia Jasmin
- NTT Docomo Vol20 e en TotalHochgeladen vonscribdener
- 2010 Extension Course OfferingHochgeladen vonYusuf Hussen
- Malaysia Salary Increment TrendHochgeladen vonFazlizam Abu Bakar
- 20-pcdHochgeladen vonphuongnhsfc
- EDPS 410 Midterm PrepHochgeladen vonAnthony Kha
- Ensoniq Asr-x Pro With 4.0 SoftwareHochgeladen vonRedds RedBoypr
- Jason ReadHochgeladen vonpenguin555
- Libre OfficeHochgeladen vonToan Hang
- Motor control impairments associated with hip osteoarthritis — Rayner & Smale.pdfHochgeladen vonItai Izhak
- ALIEN - The InvasionHochgeladen vonMike Falzone
- FCS Order1998Hochgeladen vonAnonymous Gn7krjF4b
- RFID Warehouse SolutionHochgeladen vonsarahsu2013
- Beer GameHochgeladen vonThiago
- W701 W701ds DatasheetHochgeladen vonsalahuddintipu
- LESSON PLAN FOR AIS205_June2014.pdfHochgeladen vonNadzAwwAww
- Seminar Synopsis - 3d printerHochgeladen vonAadarsh Gochhayat
- 1CH-1 Fundamentals of PhysicsHochgeladen vonGauravSaxena
- Chap 11Hochgeladen vonmouche2010
- airmassandfrontsawebquestHochgeladen vonapi-330050095
- i Eee TemplateHochgeladen vonmtsxlemx
- Gyratory CrusherHochgeladen vonadhiloveachan

## Viel mehr als nur Dokumente.

Entdecken, was Scribd alles zu bieten hat, inklusive Bücher und Hörbücher von großen Verlagen.

Jederzeit kündbar.