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Here you will find answers to Basic Questions Part 2

Question 1

What are some of the advantages of using a router to segment the network? (Choose two)

A. Filtering can occur based on Layer 3 information.

B. Broadcasts are eliminated.
C. Routers generally cost less than switches.
D. Broadcasts are not forwarded across the router.
E. Adding a router to the network decreases latency.

Answer: A D

Question 2

Which of the following statements describe the network shown in the graphic? (Choose

A. There are two broadcast domains in the network.

B. There are four broadcast domains in the network.
C. There are six broadcast domains in the network.
D. There are four collision domains in the network.
E. There are five collision domains in the network.
F. There are seven collision domains in the network.

Answer: A F

Only router can break up broadcast domains so in the exhibit there are 2 broadcast
domains: from e0 interface to the left is a broadcast domain and from e1 interface to the
right is another broadcast domain -> A is correct.

Both router and switch can break up collision domains so there is only 1 collision domain
on the left of the router (because hub doesnt break up collision domain) and there are 6
collision domains on the right of the router (1 collision domain from e1 interface to the
switch + 5 collision domains for 5 PCs in Production) -> F is correct.

Question 3

Refer to the exhibit. The two connected ports on the switch are not turning orange or green.
What would be the most effective steps to troubleshoot this physical layer problem?
(Choose three)

A. Ensure that the Ethernet encapsulations match on the interconnected router and switch
B. Ensure that cables A and B are straight-through cables.
C. Ensure cable A is plugged into a trunk port.
D. Ensure the switch has power.
E. Reboot all of the devices.
F. Reseat all cables.

Answer: B D F

The ports on the switch are not up indicating it is a layer 1 (physical) problem so we should
check cable type, power and how they are plugged in.

Question 4

For what two purposes does the Ethernet protocol use physical addresses? (Choose two)

A. to uniquely identify devices at Layer 2

B. to allow communication with devices on a different network
C. to differentiate a Layer 2 frame from a Layer 3 packet
D. to establish a priority system to determine which device gets to transmit first
E. to allow communication between different devices on the same network
F. to allow detection of a remote device when its physical address is unknown

Answer: A E


Physical addresses or MAC addresses are used to identify devices at layer 2 -> A is correct.

MAC addresses are only used to communicate on the same network. To communicate on
different network we have to use Layer 3 addresses (IP addresses) -> B is not correct; E is

Layer 2 frame and Layer 3 packet can be recognized via headers. Layer 3 packet also
contains physical address -> C is not correct.

On Ethernet, each frame has the same priority to transmit by default -> D is not correct.

All devices need a physical address to identify itself. If not, they can not communicate -> F
is not correct.

Question 5

Refer to the exhibit. Two buildings on the San Jose campus of a small company must be
connected to use Ethernet with a bandwidth of at least 100 Mbps. The company is
concerned about possible problems from voltage potential difference between the two
buildings. Which media type should be used for the connection?
A. UTP cable
B. STP cable
C. Coaxial cable
D. Fiber optic cable

Answer: D


Because the company has problem about voltage potential difference between the two
buildings so they should connect via fiber optic cable which uses light pulses to transmit
information instead of using electronic pulses.

Question 6

Which command can be used from a PC to verify the connectivity between host that
connect through path?

A. tracert address
B. ping address
C. arp address
D. traceroute address

Answer: A


To check the connectivity between a host and a destination (through some networks) we
can use both tracert and ping commands. But the difference between these 2 commands
is the tracert command can display a list of near-side router interfaces in the path between
the source and the destination. Therefore the best answer in this case is A tracert address.

Note: traceroute command has the same function of the tracert command but it is used
on Cisco routers only, not on a PC.

Question 7

Refer to the exhibit. A network engineer is troubleshooting an internet connectivity

problem on the computer. What causing the problem?

A. wrong DNS server

B. wrong default gateway
C. incorrect IP address
D. incorrect subnet mask

Answer: C


The IP address of the PC ( is not on the same network with its gateway -> C is correct.

Question 8
How many broadcast domains are shown in the graphic assuming only the default vlan is
configured on the switches?

A. one
B. six
C. twelve
D. two

Answer: A


Only router can break up broadcast domains but in this exhibit no router is used so there is
only 1 broadcast domain.

For your information, there are 7 collision domains in this exhibit (6 collision domains
between hubs & switches + 1 collision between the two switches).

Question 9

Refer to the exhibit.

PC> tracert

Tracing route to over a maximum of 30 hops

1 31 ms 31 ms 32ms
2 62 ms 62 ms 62 ms 192.1681.6
3 93 ms 92 ms 34 ms
4 125 ms 110ms 125ms

Trace complete.
Host A has tested connectivity to a remote network. What is the default gateway for host


Answer: A


It will list all the routers (from nearest to farthest) it passes through until it reaches its
destination so the first hop is its nearest IP. If we ping from a PC, it is also the default
gateway for that PC -> A is correct.

Question 10

What functions do routers perform in a network? (Choose two)

A. packet switching
B. access layer security
C. path selection
D. VLAN membership assignment
E. bridging between LAN segments
F. microsegmentation of broadcast domains