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CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
QUALITY CONTROL GUIDELINES

Department of Planning and Development - TRAKHEES


Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation
Government of Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Construction Materials Quality Control Guidelines

CONSTRUCTION
Second Edition-2013

MATERIALS
QUALITY
TRAKHEES
P.O. Box 17000, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
CONTROL
Email: Accreditation@trakhees.ae
Web Site: www.trakhees.ae
GUIDELINES
Second Edition-2013

This edition was issued in September 2013


Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Al rights reserved to TRAKHEES - Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation (PCFC) Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). No
parts of this publication may be reproduced, stored in the retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior consent of the copyright owner. These Department of Planning and Development - TRAKHEES
regulations and guidelines have been established to be applied within Trakhees - PCFC Jurisdiction. Implementation of Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation
these regulations out of Trakhees jurisdiction is the sole responsibility of the concerned parties, whereby the local authority
regulations shall be precedent and govern.
Government of Dubai, United Arab Emirates

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Acknow ledgement

The publication of this book could not have been possible but
for the ungrudging efforts put in by the Quality Section of the
Civil Engineering Department. We would like to acknowledge
contributions made by Group Internal Audit and Quality
Director, Nakheel Contracts and Procurement Manager,

Acknowledgement Nakheel Quality Assurance Manager, Concrete Ready-mix


Suppliers, Materials Testing laboratories and many engineers
from different organizations.

Our thanks go out to all of those who contributed, whether


through their comments, feedbacks, edits or suggestions.

As there is always room for improvement, Civil Engineering


Department, Trakhees welcomes comments on this Book, and
will consider all that are received. Your comments will continue
the development of this book leading to its ultimate acceptance.

As always it has been a great joint effort..

Trakhees Ports Customs & Free Zone Corporation

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Table of Contents

Page

Chairman Quality Policy Statement-------------------------------------------------- 10

Section 1: Introduction------------------------------------------------------------------- 13

Section 2: Definitions--------------------------------------------------------------------- 15
Section 3: Quality Control (General)------------------------------------------------ 27
3.01- Quality Policy------------------------------------------------------------- 27
3.02 -Submittals----------------------------------------------------------------- 27
3.03 General Quality Control Requirements-------------------------------- 28
3.04 Quality Control Plans---------------------------------------------------- 31
3.05 Inspection Procedures---------------------------------------------------- 32
3.06 Inspection and Test Plan------------------------------------------------- 34
3.07 Document and Submittal Control-------------------------------------- 34
3.08 Identification and Control of Items and Materials-------------------- 35
3.09 Inspections and Tests ---------------------------------------------------- 36
3.10 Measuring and Test Equipment----------------------------------------- 38
3.11 Non-Conformance Monitoring----------------------------------------- 38
3.12 Personnel Qualifications------------------------------------------------- 40
3.13 Quality Control Reports/Audits----------------------------------------- 40
3.14 Equipment/Material Handling and Storage--------------------------- 41
3.15 Quality Control Records------------------------------------------------- 41
3.16 -Workmanship------------------------------------------------------------- 42
3.17 Protection of Property---------------------------------------------------- 43
3.18 QA/QC Induction Training---------------------------------------------- 44

Section 4: Recommended Practices Before and During Concreting------ 45


4.01-Formwork ----------------------------------------------------------------- 45
4.02 Concrete Consolidation ------------------------------------------------ 45
4.03 Concreting --------------------------------------------------------------- 46
4.04 Hot Weather Concreting ------------------------------------------------ 46
4.05 Mass Concrete --------------------------------------------------------- 49
4.06 Self Compacting Concrete---------------------------------------------- 50

Section 5: Schedule of Tests and Inspections --------------------------------- 57


Cast In-Situ Concrete (Ready-Mixed Concrete) ----------------------------- 57
Laboratory and Plant Trial Mixes ------------------------------------- 57
Concrete Production & Site Deliveries -------------------------------- 59
Site Laboratories -------------------------------------------------------- 62

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Table of Contents Table of Contents

Aggregates -------------------------------------------------------------- 64 Columns ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 100


-Water--------------------------------------------------------------------- 66 Slabs ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 101
Cementitious Materials and Admixtures ----------------------------- 67 Reinforced Concrete Water Tanks -------------------------------------------- 102
Water Proofing ----------------------------------------------------------------- 103
Bored In-Situ Piles & Drilled Shafts ------------------------------------------- 68 Back Fill ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 104
Reinforcing Steel ---------------------------------------------------------------- 69 Block Work --------------------------------------------------------------------- 105
Epoxy-Coated Steel ------------------------------------------------------------ 70 Plastering ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 106
Post tensioning ---------------------------------------------------------------- 71 Roof Water Proofing ---------------------------------------------------------- 107
Earthwork ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 72 Swimming Pool ---------------------------------------------------------------- 108
Precast Concrete --------------------------------------------------------------- 73 Ceramic Tiles ------------------------------------------------------------------ 109
Glass Reinforced Cement (GRC) Elements ---------------------------------- 74 Marble/Granite ---------------------------------------------------------------- 110
Blocks ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 75 Aluminium --------------------------------------------------------------------- 111
Concrete Blocks --------------------------------------------------------- 75 Painting (Metal Surfaces) ----------------------------------------------------- 112
Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks --------------------------------- 76 Painting (Concrete/Plaster Surfaces) ---------------------------------------- 113
Normal Weight Polystyrene Sandwich Blocks------------------------ 77 Painting (Timber Surfaces) --------------------------------------------------- 114
Light Weight Masonry Units ------------------------------------------- 78 False Ceiling ------------------------------------------------------------------- 115
Clay Masonry Blocks with Polystyrene Insert ------------------------ 79 False Ceiling Closure --------------------------------------------------------- 116
Lath and Plaster ---------------------------------------------------------------- 80
Polystyrene Thermal Insulation ----------------------------------------------- 81 Appendix I: Relevant ASTM Standards------------------------------------------ 117
Painting -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 82
Appendix II: Relevant European and British Standards---------------------- 123
Section 6: QC Forms -------------------------------------------------------------- 83
Non-Conformance Report ---------------------------------------------------- 83
Status of Non-Conformance Reports ---------------------------------------- 84
Field Memorandum --------------------------------------------------------- 85
Material Inspection Report ---------------------------------------------------- 86
Notification of Material Receipt ---------------------------------------------- 87
Inspection and Test Plan ------------------------------------------------------- 88
Concrete Pour Record --------------------------------------------------------- 89
Inspection Record for Structural Repairs ------------------------------------- 90
Pile Record ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 91

Section 7: QC Checklists --------------------------------------------------------- 93


Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------- 93
Pre-Concrete Checklist -------------------------------------------------------- 94
Pile Cap ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 95
Footings ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 96
Tie Beams ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 97
Slab on Grade ------------------------------------------------------------------ 98
Walls ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 99

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Chairmans Quality Policy STATEMENT

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Section 1: Introduction

The need for and use of a quality control function can not be
overemphasized. Quality cannot be tested nor inspected into a product,
it must be built in. This manual outlines the basic and minimum
requirements for building a simple but effective system for controlling
the quality of work and basic materials used in construction. This manual
is based on the belief that:

Quality is controlled by adequate advance planning, coordination,


supervision, and technical direction; proper definition and a
clear understanding of job requirements and procedures; and
the employment of appropriately skilled personnel.

Quality is verified through checking, reviewing and monitoring


of work activities, with documentation by experienced, qualified
individuals who are not directly responsible for performing the
work.

Quality is achieved by providing proper training of personnel


and ensuring that all personnel remain current on the knowledge
and skills needed for their positions.

Quality is achieved by focusing on preventing problems or errors


rather than reacting to them.

Quality control should ensure that the work is done correctly the
first time.

This manual requires the attention and cooperation of all consultants,


contractors and production personnel to assure quality production and
material. It shall be implemented by all concerned parties in the field of
construction. All involved parties shall comply with quality issues in other
regulatory agencies having jurisdiction over the project.

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Section 2 : DEFINITIONS

In applying these regulations, the meanings listed below will be attributed


to the words and phrases listed beside them, unless the context specifies
a different meaning:
Absorption: The process by which a liquid is drawn into and tends to
fill permeable voids in a porous solid body; also, the increase in mass
of a porous solid body resulting from the penetration of a liquid into its
permeable voids.
Adhesion: The state in which two surfaces are held together by interfacial
effects that may consist of molecular forces, interlocking action, or both.
Admixture: A material other than water, aggregates, hydraulic cement,
and fiber reinforcement, used as an ingredient of a cementitious mixture
to modify its freshly mixed, setting, or hardened properties and that is
added to the batch before or during its mixing.
Aggregate: Granular material, such as sand, gravel, crushed stone,
crushed hydraulic-cement concrete, or iron blast-furnace slag, used with
a hydraulic cementing medium to produce either concrete or mortar.
Agitating Speed: The rate of rotation of the drum of a truck mixer or
agitator when used for agitating mixed concrete.
Agitating Truck: A vehicle in which freshly mixed concrete can be
conveyed from the site of mixing to the site of placement; while being
agitated, the truck body can either be stationary and contain an agitator,
or it can be a drum rotated continuously so as to agitate the contents;
designated agitating lorry in the UK.
Agitator: A device for maintaining plasticity and preventing segregation
of mixed concrete by agitation.
Air, Entrapped: Air voids in concrete that are not purposely entrained
and that are larger, mainly irregular in shape, and less useful than those
of entrained air; and 1 mm or larger in size.
Air content: The volume of air voids in cement paste, mortar, or concrete,
exclusive of pore space in aggregate particles; usually expressed as a
percentage of total volume of the paste, mortar, or concrete.
Algae: Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, photosynthetic
organisms, ranging in size from single-celled forms to the giant kelp.
Algae were once considered to be plants but are now classified separately
because they lack true roots, stems, leaves, and embryos.
Anchor: A device that is used in pre-stressed concrete, to lock the stressed
tendon in position so that it will retain its stressed condition; in precast-
concrete construction, to attach the precast units to the building frame;
and in slabs on grade or walls, to fasten to rock or adjacent structures
to prevent movement of the slab or wall with respect to the foundation,
adjacent structure or rock.

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Section 2 : DEFINITIONS Section 2 : DEFINITIONS

Apparent Density: The mass per unit volume (or the weight per unit volume) Column: A member used primarily to support axial compression loads
of a material, including the voids which are inherent in the material. and with a height of at least three times its least lateral dimension.
Atterberg Limit: Arbitrary water contents (shrinkage limit, plastic limit, Compressive strength: The measured maximum resistance of a
liquid limit) determined by standard tests that define the boundaries concrete or mortar specimen to axial compressive loading; expressed as
between the different states of consistency of plastic soils. force per unit cross-sectional area; or the specified resistance used in
design calculations.
Authority: Shall mean TRAKHEES, Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation
represented by Civil Engineering Department. Concrete: A composite material that consists essentially of a binding
medium within which are embedded particles or fragments of aggregates,
Batch: Quantity of either concrete or mortar mixed at one time. usually a combination of fine aggregates and coarse aggregates; in
Bleeding: The autogenous flow of mixing water within, or its emergence portland-cement concrete, the binder is a mixture of portland cement and
from, newly placed concrete or mortar; caused by the settlement of the water, with or without admixtures.
solid materials within the mass. Consolidation: The process of inducing a closer arrangement of the
Block, concrete: A concrete masonry unit, usually containing hollow solid particles in freshly mixed concrete or mortar during placement
cores. by the reduction of voids, usually by vibration, centrifugation, rodding,
tamping, or some combination of these actions; also applicable to similar
Blowholes: Small regular or irregular cavities, usually not exceeding manipulation of other cementitious mixtures, soils, aggregates, or the
15mm in diameter, resulting from entrapment of air bubbles in the surface like.
of formed concrete during placement and consolidation.
Consultant: A registered consultant holding a valid consulting Engineers
Borehole: A hole that is drilled into the earth, as in exploratory well license from the Dubai Economic Department.
drilling or in building construction.
Contractor: A registered contractor holding a valid Contracting Engineers
California bearing ratio (CBR): The ratio of the force per unit area License from the Dubai Economic Department.
required to penetrate a soil mass with a 3 in2 (1940 mm2) circular
piston at the rate of 0.05 in. (1.3 mm) per min to the force required Coordinates: Any of a set of two or more numbers used to determine the
for corresponding penetration of a standard material; the ratio is usually position of a point, line, curve, or plane in a space of a given dimension
determined at 0.1 in. (2.5 mm) penetration. with respect to a system of lines or other fixed references.
Casing: A metal pipe or tube used as a temporary lining for pile Corrosion: Destruction of metal by a chemical, electrochemical, or
concrete. electrolytic reaction within its environment.
Cement, hydraulic: Cement that sets and hardens by chemical interaction Cover: In reinforced concrete, the least distance between the surface of
with water and is capable of doing so underwater, for example, portland embedded reinforcement and the outer surface of the concrete.
cement and ground granulated blast-furnace slag are hydraulic cements. Spacer / Cover Block: A device which holds steel reinforcement in its
Cement, Ordinary Portland: The term used in the UK and elsewhere proper position, or which holds wall forms at a given distance apart before
to designate the equivalent of American normal portland cement or Type and during concreting.
I cement; commonly abbreviated OPC. Curing: Action taken to maintain moisture and temperature conditions in
Cast-in-place concrete: Concrete that is deposited and allowed to a freshly placed cementitious mixture to allow hydraulic cement hydration
harden in the place where it is required to be in the completed structure, and (if applicable) pozzolanic reactions to occur so that the potential
as opposed to precast concrete. properties of the mixture may develop.
Cementitious: Having cementing properties. Cut off Level: This is the level to which the piles are cut off or trimmed.
Chamfer: A flat surface made by cutting off the edge or corner of a block Datum: Level to which soundings, ground elevations, water surface
of wood or other material. elevations, and tidal data are referred. Also known as chart datum, datum
level, reference level, reference plane.
Client: Natural or corporate person in whose name the plot of land or
building is registered whether in his /its capacity as landlord or possessor Dense concrete: Concrete containing a minimum of voids
or tenant.
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Section 2 : DEFINITIONS Section 2 : DEFINITIONS

Density: Mass per unit volume (preferred over depreciated term unit Flexural strength: The property of a material or a structural member
weight.) Density, drythe mass per unit volume of a dry substance at a that indicates its ability to resist failure in bending; in concrete flexural
stated temperature. members, the stress at which a section reaches its maximum usable
bending capacity; for under-reinforced concrete flexural members, the
Developer: Means creator of property improvement by constructing stress at which the compressive strain in the concrete reaches 0.003;
commercial / residential buildings in a specific area. A developer will for over-reinforced concrete flexural members, the stress at which the
organize and plan the development, supervise its construction and compressive stress reaches 85% of the cylinder strength of the concrete;
manage all the business elements of the project. for un-reinforced-concrete members, the stress at which the concrete
Drilling fluid: A suspension of finely divided heavy material, such as tensile strength reaches the modulus of rupture.
bentonite and barite, pumped through the drill pipe during rotary drilling Flashing: A thin impervious material placed in construction (e.g., in mortar
to seal off porous zones and flush out chippings, and to lubricate and joints and through air spaces in masonry) to prevent water penetration
cool the bit. and/or provide water drainage, esp. between a roof and wall, and over
Drying shrinkage: Shrinkage resulting from loss of moisture. exterior door openings and windows.
Durability: The ability of concrete to resist weathering action, chemical Flow table: A flat, circular jigging device used in making flow tests for
attack, abrasion, and other conditions of service over a long period of time. consistency of cement paste, mortar, or concrete.
Dynamic Pile Test: It is a method of testing deep foundations to obtain Fly ash: The finely divided residue that results from the combustion of
information about their capacity and integrity, and in some cases, to ground or powdered coal and that is transported by flue gases from the
monitor their installation. combustion zone to the particle removal system.
Efflorescence: A deposit of salts, usually white, formed on a surface, Footing: structural element that transmits loads directly to the soil.
the substance having emerged in solution from within either concrete Fresh concrete: Concrete that possesses enough of its original workability
or masonry and subsequently been precipitated by reaction, such as so that it can be placed and consolidated by the intended methods.
carbonation, or evaporation.
Fungus Resistance: The property of resisting attack by mould or fungus
Elongation: Increase in length. by paint when used in any warm damp environment.
Emirate: Emirate of Dubai. Grading: The distribution of particles of granular material among various
Employer Representative/ Engineer: Means the person appointed by sizes; usually expressed in terms of cumulative percentages larger or
the Employer & authorised by the Authority to prepare the design and smaller than each of a series of sizes (sieve openings) or the percentages
supervise the construction work. between certain ranges of sizes (sieve openings).
Formwork: A temporary construction to contain wet concrete in the Grout: A mixture of cementitious material and water, with or without
required shape while it is cast and setting. aggregate, proportioned to produce a pourable consistency without
segregation of the constituents; also material transverse to the direction of
Epoxy-coated bar: A reinforcing bar coated by an epoxy resin system, anticipated water flow.)
usually to increase resistance to corrosion.
Ground granulated blast furnace Slag (GGBS or GGBFS): It is the
Expansion: Increase in either length or volume. material obtained by quenching molten iron blast furnace slag (a by-
Fire Clay: An earthy or stony mineral aggregate that has as the essential product of iron and steel making) in water or stream, to produce a glassy
constituent hydrous silicates of aluminum with or without free silica, granular product that is then dried and ground into a fine powder.
and that is plastic when sufficiently pulverized and wetted, rigid when Inspector: The engineer or supervisor employed by the Authority.
subsequently dried, and of suitable refractoriness for use in commercial
refractory products. Inspection and Test Plan (ITP): An Inspection and Test Plan is the
program of inspection and testing of materials, to be prepared and
Fire rating: Fire resistance ratings for any material. submitted by contractor.
Fire resistance: The property of a material or assembly to withstand Lightweight aggregate: Aggregate of low density, such as: a) expanded
fire or give protection from it; as applied to elements of buildings, it is or sintered clay, shale, slate, diatomaceous shale, perlite, vermiculite, or
characterized by the ability to confine a fire or, when exposed to fire, to
continue to perform a given structural function, or both.
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Section 2 : DEFINITIONS Section 2 : DEFINITIONS

slag; b) natural pumice, scoria, volcanic cinders, tuff, and diatomite; and Pile: A timber, concrete, or steel structural element, driven, jetted, or
c) sintered fly ash or industrial cinders, used in lightweight concrete. otherwise embedded on end in the ground for the purpose of supporting
a load or compacting the soil.
Lime: Specifically, calcium oxide (CaO); loosely, a general term for the
various chemical and physical forms of quicklime, hydrated lime, and Pile Head Treatment: The treatment of the pile head to protect it from
hydraulic hydrated lime. water.
Los Angeles Abrasion Test: Test for abrasion resistance of concrete Pile Integrity Test: A quick and cost effective method to evaluate the
aggregates. shaft integrity of concrete piles. The testing is able to provide information
on:
Mass: The physical property of matter that causes it to have weight in a
gravitational field; the quantity of matter in a body. a.) Pile continuity
Modulus of rupture: A measure of the load-carrying capacity of a beam b.) Consistency of material
and sometimes referred to as rupture modulus or rupture strength; it is c.) Location of defect
calculated for apparent tensile stress in the extreme fiber of a transverse d.) Degree of defect
test specimen under the load that produces rupture.
Plaster: A cementitious material or combination of cementitious material
Moisture content of aggregate: The ratio, expressed as a percentage, and fine aggregate that, when mixed with a suitable amount of water,
of the mass of water in a given granular mass to the dry weight of the forms a plastic mass or paste that when applied to a surface, adheres to
mass. it and subsequently hardens, preserving in a rigid state the form or texture
Moisture content of concrete masonry unit: The amount of water imposed during the period of plasticity; also the placed and hardened
contained in the hardened concrete at the time of sampling, expressed as mixture.
a percentage of its capacity for total absorption. Portland Cement: A hydraulic cement produced by pulverizing portland-
Mortar: A mixture of cement paste and fine aggregate; in fresh concrete, cement clinker, usually in combination with calcium sulfate.
the material occupying the interstices among particles of coarse aggregate; Precast Concrete: Concrete cast elsewhere than its final position.
in masonry construction, joint mortar may contain masonry cement, or
may contain hydraulic cement with lime (and possibly other admixtures) to Project: The construction of a building, or any other small civil work on
afford greater plasticity and workability than are attainable with standard a leased property including any modification or installations in pre-built
portland cement mortar. facilities.
Natural Sand: Sand resulting from natural disintegration and abrasion Quality: The degree to which a product or service meets or exceeds a
of rock. customers requirements and expectations.
Non-shrink grout: It is a hydraulic cement grout that produces a volume Quality Management: These are all activities of the overall management
that, when hardened under stipulated test conditions, is greater than or function that determine quality policy, objectives and responsibilities and
equal to the original installed volume; often used as a transfer medium implement them by means such as quality planning, quality assurance,
between load-bearing members. quality control and quality improvement within the system.
Pavement (concrete): A layer of concrete on such areas as roads, Quality Control: A system for ensuring the maintenance of proper
sidewalks, canals, playgrounds, and those used for storage or parking. standards in manufactured goods, especially by periodic random
inspection of the product.
Permeability: The property of porous material that permits a fluid (or
gas) to pass through it. Quality Assurance: The inspection, testing, and other relevant actions
taken (often by an owner or his representative) to ensure that the
Permeability to water, coefficient of: The rate of discharge of water desired level of quality is in accordance with the applicable standards or
under laminar flow conditions through a unit cross-sectional area of a specifications for the product or work.
porous medium under a unit hydraulic gradient and standard temperature
conditions, usually 20C. Quality Control Plan (QCP): A plan that describes the responsibilities,
functions and procedures to be followed in a project, to meet the projects
Plumbness: It is verticality or alignment as measured with a plumb. quality control requirements.

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Section 2 : DEFINITIONS Section 2 : DEFINITIONS

Reinforcement: Bars, wires, strands or other slender members that are Slump loss: The amount by which the slump of freshly mixed concrete
embedded in concrete in such a manner that they and the concrete act changes during a period of time after an initial slump test was made on a
together in resisting forces. sample or samples thereof.
Regulations: Construction Materials Quality Control Guidelines and Sonic Integrity: Sometimes called Ultrasonic Test, Sonic Test, Sonic
other regulations issued by authority. Logging etc. This test is performed to check integrity of concrete, locate
defects and evaluate effectiveness of repair works on bored piles, caissons,
Relative humidity: The ratio of the quantity of water vapor actually barrettes and diaphragm walls and other concrete structures.
present to the amount present in a saturated atmosphere at a given
temperature; expressed as a percentage. Soundness: The freedom of a solid from cracks, flaws, fissures, or
variations from an accepted standard; in the case of a cement, freedom
Render: To apply a coat of mortar by a trowel or float. from excessive volume change after setting; in the case of aggregate, the
Release Agent: Also known as a de-moulding agent, parting agent or ability to withstand the aggressive action to which concrete containing it
form releaser, is a substance used in moulding and casting that aids in might be exposed, particularly that due to weather.
the separation of a mould from the material being moulded and reduces Spacers: All chairs, blocks, supports and devices of a special nature
imperfections in the moulded surface. required to hold the reinforcement in the correct position during
Sand equivalent: A measure of the relative proportions of detrimental concreting
fine dust, claylike material or both in soils or fine aggregate. Specific gravity, bulk (saturated-surface-dry): The ratio of the mass
Sealant: Compressible material used to exclude water and solid foreign of a volume of a material (including the mass of water within the voids, but
materials from joints. not including the voids between particles) at a stated temperature to the
mass of an equal volume of distilled water at a stated temperature.
Setting time: Time of setting of concrete.
Static Load Test: It involves the direct measurement of pile head
Setbacks: Distance from the curb or other established line within which displacement in the response to a physically applied test load.
no buildings may be erected.
Steel: A generally hard, strong, durable, malleable alloy of iron and
Silica fume: Very fine non crystalline silica produced in electric arc carbon, usually containing between 0.2 and 1.5 percent carbon, often with
furnaces as a byproduct of the production of elemental silicon or alloys other constituents such as manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum,
containing silicon. copper, tungsten, cobalt, or silicon, depending on the desired alloy
Slab: A molded layer of plain or reinforced concrete, flat, horizontal properties, and widely used as a structural material.
(or nearly so), usually of uniform but sometimes of variable thickness, Strain: The change in length, per unit of length, in a linear dimension of
either on the ground or supported by beams, columns, walls, or other a body; a dimensionless quantity that maybe measured conveniently in
framework. percent, in inches per inch, in millimeters per millimeters, but preferably
Sub-Structure: The supporting part of a structure; the foundation. in millionths.

Slab-on-grade: A slab, continuously supported by ground, whose total Strength, nominal: Strength of a member or cross section calculated
loading when uniformly distributed would impart a pressure to the grade in accordance with provisions and assumptions of the strength design
or soil that is less than 50% of the allowable bearing capacity thereof; the method before application of any strength-reduction () factor.
slab may be of uniform or variable thickness, and it may include stiffening Stress: Intensity of internal force (that is, force per unit area) exerted by
elements such as ribs or beams; the slab may be plain, reinforced, or either of two adjacent parts of a body on the other across an imagined
prestressed concrete; reinforcement or prestressing steel may be provided plane of separation; when the forces are parallel to the plane, the stress
to accommodate the effects of shrinkage and temperature or structural is called shear stress; when the forces are normal to the plane, the stress
loading. (Also referred to as slab-on-ground; slab-on-grade is the is called normal stress; when the normal stress is directed toward the part
preferred term.) on which it acts, it is called compressive stress; when the normal stress is
Slump: A measure of consistency of freshly mixed concrete or mortar directed away from the part on which it acts, it is called tensile stress.
equal to the subsidence measured to the nearest 1/4 in. (6 mm) of the Structural concrete: A special type of concrete that is capable of carrying
molded specimen immediately after removal of the slump cone. a structural load or forming an integral part of a structure.

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Section 2 : DEFINITIONS Section 2 : DEFINITIONS

Sub base: A layer in a pavement system between the sub grade and the Yield strength: The engineering stress at which a material exhibits a
base course, or between the sub grade and a portland-cement concrete specific limiting deviation from the proportionality of stress to strain.
pavement.
Sub contractor: One that enters into a subcontract and assumes some of
the obligations of the primary contractor.
Sub grade: The soil prepared and compacted to support a structure or a
pavement system.
Substrate: An underlying layer of any material.
Tensile strength: Tensile strength of concrete as determined by a splitting
tensile test.
Thermal conductivity: The property (of a homogeneous body) measured
by the ratio of the steady-state heat flux (time-rate of heat flow per unit
area) to the temperature.
Tremie: A pipe or tube through which concrete is deposited under water,
having at its upper end a hopper for filling and a bail for moving the
assemblage.
Trench form (for cast-in-place concrete pipe): The vertical sides and
semicircular bottom of the trench shaped to provide full, firm, and uniform
support for the lower 210 degrees of the pipe.
Truck mixer: A concrete mixer suitable for mounting on a truck chassis
and capable of mixing concrete in transit.
Vibrator: An oscillating machine used to agitate fresh concrete so as to
eliminate gross voids, including entrapped air but not entrained air, and
to produce intimate contact with form surfaces and embedded materials.
Wall: A vertical element used primarily to enclose or separate spaces.
Water: A clear, colourless, odourless, and tasteless liquid, H2O, essential
for most plant and animal life and the most widely used of all solvents.
Freezing point 0C (32F); boiling point 100C (212F); specific gravity (4C)
1.0000; weight per gallon (15C) 8.338 pounds (3.782 kilograms).
Water-cement ratio: The ratio of the mass of water, exclusive only
of that absorbed by the aggregates, to the mass of portland cement in
concrete, mortar, or grout, stated as a decimal and abbreviated as w/c.
Waterproofing: Treatment of concrete or mortar to retard the passage
or absorption of water, or water vapor, either by application of a suitable
coating to exposed surfaces, by use of a suitable admixture or treated
cement, or by use of a preformed film such as polyethylene sheets placed
on grade before placing a slab.
Yield: The volume of freshly mixed concrete produced from a known
quantity of ingredients; the total mass of ingredients divided by the density
mass of the freshly mixed concrete; also the number of units produced per
bag of cement or per batch of concrete.
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Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

3.01 QUALITY POLICY


A. The Ports, Customs and Free Zone Corporation Quality Policy
statement signed by the Chairman will be adopted for all
Projects.
B. The Project shall prepare a Statement of Commitment to the
Ports, Customs and Free Zone Corporation Quality Policy that
shall be signed by the Project Manager/Contractor Manager
and Sub-Contractor Manager.

3.02 SUBMITTALS
A. Contractors Quality Control Plan (QCP).
1. Submit to Employer Representative before commencement
of work.
2. No work covered by the Contractors QCP shall begin
until the plan has been approved.
3. Plan shall describe all of the Contractors quality control
procedures that will be used throughout the project.
4. Include an Internal and External Audit Schedule
a. Minimum requirements shall be as specified herein.

B. Quality Control Organization Plan


1. Show organization of Contractors quality control team.
2. Provide the name, qualifications, and experience of the
Quality Control Manager and key QC support staff for
approval by the Employers Representative.
a. Once approved, the Contractors Quality Control
Manager shall have full authority to represent and
act for the Contractor on all quality related matters.
b. Notify the Employer Representative in writing prior
to re-assigning any of the designated quality control
personnel.
c. Obtain Employer Representatives approval for
replacement prior to re-assigning or re-locating
approved quality control personnel.

C. List of Proposed Suppliers and Sub-Contractors QC Staff


1. List shall include the following:
a. Material to be supplied by each supplier and sub-contractor
b. Model or catalogue numbers
c. Specifications
d. Inspection and test requirements
e. Manufacturers performance data

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Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL) Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

f. Anticipated inspection and test dates 2. Maintain specified quality in all areas of the Work including
g. Name and location of quarries and procedures for but not limited to:
work in quarries a. Design and construction of temporary structures
2. List other pertinent information as appropriate. b. Inspection
c. Testing
D. Submit inspection and test results, certificates of compliance, and
certified material test reports to the Employer Representative. d.
Packaging, shipping, handling and storage of
equipment and materials
E. Inspection and Test Plan e. Site construction activities
1. Submit to Employer Representative before commencement
of work. B. Establish procedures to prevent deficiencies from occurring.
2. No work covered by the inspection and test plan shall 1. Identify discrepancies when they do occur and then take
begin until the plan has been approved. corrective action.
2. Instruct workmen, sub-contractors, material suppliers,
F. Quality Control Procedures and Instructions and other personnel involved in the project on the correct
1. Submit to Employer Representative no later than 3 calendar procedures to follow.
days prior to using such procedures or instructions.
2. Do not begin work governed by Quality Control Procedures
until such procedures have been approved by the Employer C. Assign specific responsibility for implementing the quality
Representative. control program.

G. Records Index D. Systematically verify compliance with the specified requirements


1. Prepare an index of all project records which will be using quality control audits for sub-contractors and suppliers.
developed and maintained during progress of the Work. 1. Record results in formal reports.
2. Submit to Employer Representative no later than 7 calendar 2. Establish corrective action logs to track all actions.
days from the commencement date.

H. Inspection and Test Results E. Assist Employer Representative in auditing quality control
activities.
1. Materials delivered to the site shall be sampled and
tested as per requirements of project specification, local 1. Employer Representatives audits may be either pre-
regulations and international standards; test results to be planned or random as warranted by general quality
submitted at least 7 calendar days prior to incorporating trends.
material into the work.
2. Report results to the Employer Representative indicating
F. Inspect and test all work under the Contract.
compliance or failure immediately upon receipt.
1. Maintain records of such inspections and tests.
2. Prepare and submit signed checklists for all work offered
3.03 GENERAL QUALITY CONTROL REQUIREMENTS for the approval of the Employers Representative.
A. Develop, implement and maintain a quality control program
consistent with the requirements of this Section.
G. Arrange for factory inspections and tests when required by the
1. Ensure equipment and material conform to applicable Contract Documents.
requirements of each section of the specifications.

28 29
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL) Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

H. Provide equipment, instruments, qualified personnel, and N. Failure to Perform


facilities necessary to inspect the work and perform the tests 1. In the event the Contractor fails to adequately perform
required by the Contract Documents.
any or all of the provisions of this Section, the Employer, at
his sole discretion, reserves the right to have the Employer
I. Repeat tests and inspections after correcting non-conforming Representative perform any or all of the provisions of this
work until all work complies with the contract requirements. Section and back-charge the Contractor for the actual
1. All re-testing and re-inspections shall be performed at no cost of such work and any administrative charges deemed
additional cost to the Employer. necessary.
2. This remedy for Contractors failure to perform shall be in
addition to any other right or remedy available under the
J. The Employer Representative may elect to perform additional Contract.
inspections and tests at the place of the manufacture, the
shipping point, or at the destination, to verify compliance with
applicable Specifications.
3.04 QUALITY CONTROL PLAN
1. Inspections and tests performed by the Employer
Representative shall not relieve the Contractor of his A. Provides detailed description of procedures, instructions,
responsibility to meet the Specifications. and reports used to ensure compliance with the Contract
Documents.
2. Inspections and tests by the Employer Representative shall
not be considered a guarantee that materials delivered at B. No construction shall begin and no requests for payment shall
a later time will be acceptable. be processed until the Contractors Quality Control Plan is
approved.
K. Non-conforming materials, whether in place or not, will be C. Contractors QCP shall include the following as a minimum:
rejected by the Employer Representative.
1. Statement of Commitment to Ports, Customs & Free Zone
1. Contractor shall be notified in writing to correct or remove
Corporation Quality Policy signed by all parties in the
the defective material from the Works.
project.
2. If the Contractor fails to respond, the Employer
2. Organization chart identifying all personnel responsible
Representative may order correction, removal, and/or
for quality control.
replacement of defective materials by others.
a. Contractor shall bear all costs for such work. a. Identify the manager of the QC program showing that
the position is independent of the job supervisory staff
with clear lines of authority.
L. Materials accepted on the basis of a Certificate of Compliance
b. The QC manager shall report directly to the Contractors
may be sampled and inspected/tested by the Employer
Representative at any time. corporate management and he shall liaise and
coordinate directly with the Employer Representative.
1. The fact that the materials were accepted on the basis of
a certificate of compliance shall not relieve the Contractor c. Show area of responsibility and authority of each
of his responsibility to use materials which comply with the individual in the quality control system.
Specifications. d. Describe in detail the area of responsibility and authority
of each individual in the quality control system.
M. Contractor shall impose all of the specified QCP requirements e. The QC manager or designated substitute shall
(including inspection and test procedures) upon Suppliers and be present at the project site at any time work is in
Sub-Contractors. progress.

30 31
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL) Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

3. Procedures for reviewing shop drawings, samples, B. Perform follow up inspections as necessary to ensure compliance
certificates, and other submittals necessary for contract with the contract documents.
compliance.
a. Include the names of all personnel authorized to sign C. Preparatory inspection shall include:
the submittals for the Contractor certifying that they 1. Review of the contract requirements
comply with the Contract requirements.
2. Review of approved shop drawings and submittal data.
4. Procedures used to ensure compliance with the Contract
Documents, as well as problem identification, reporting 3. Check availability of required control testing.
and resolution. 4. Ensure materials and equipment conform to approved
a. Include a copy of forms and reports used to document shop drawings and submittal data.
quality control operations.
5. Ensure the necessary preparatory work has been completed
b. Include a submittal status log listing required submittals and is of acceptable quality.
and action required by the Contractor and Employer
Representative or Project Manger. D. Perform an initial inspection as soon as a representative
5. A description of the services provided by outside segment of the particular item of Work has been completed.
organizations such as testing laboratories, architects, and 1. This inspection shall include the following:
consulting engineers.
a. Conduct scheduled tests.
6. A test and inspection schedule keyed to the construction
schedule and following the order of the Specification. 1. Results shall cite the Contract requirements, the test
or analytical procedures used, and the actual test
Indicate the following:
results.
a. Inspections and tests required.
2. State whether item tested or analyzed conforms or
b. Names of responsible personnel for each segment of fails to conform.
the Work.
3. Test reports shall be signed by the laboratory
c. Schedule for each inspection and test.
representative authorized to sign certified test
d. Acceptance criteria for any tests carried out. reports.
7. Document and submittal control procedures. 4. Immediately deliver all documents to the Employer
8. Procedures to identify and control use of items and Representative.
materials.
b. Examine quality of workmanship.
9. Sample forms to be used (Stop Work Order, NCR, etc.)
c. Check for omissions or dimensional errors.
10. A control chart for both production facilities and field
operation to provide a visual indication of whether a d. Approve or reject initial work.
process is under control.
11. Internal and External Audit Program for the duration of the E. Provide follow-up inspections as necessary.
project.
1. Include continued testing and examinations to ensure
continued compliance with the Contract requirements.
3.05 INSPECTION PROCEDURES F. Prepare and attach to the Inspection procedures copies of
A. As a minimum, inspect work before beginning each work checklists to be used to cover all aspects of the works.
segment and after completing a representative portion of the
work.

32 33
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

3.06 INSPECTION AND TEST PLAN 1. Retain all quality related records for not less than ten years
A. Contractor shall develop an Inspection and Test Plan for from project completion.
each Specification Section and for the design/production/test 2. Protect all records from damage, deterioration, and loss.
processes for each item of manufactured equipment.
D. Contractor shall not change or alter approved submittals,
1. Identify the following: procedures, shop drawings or any other pertinent documentation
a. All required inspections and tests required by that without the Employer Representatives written authorization.
Specification Section
E. Establish document registers to verify the approval status of
b. Required testing frequency ITPs, Method Statements and Drawings.
c. The accept/reject criteria
d. Records required to document compliance
3.08 IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL OF ITEMS AND MATERIALS
e. Procedures or instruction to be used for control of each
activity A. Contractor shall establish control procedures to ensure that
g. Establish procedures to ensure that test results are items or materials accepted through shipping or receiving
submitted on time inspection are properly used and installed.

B. Provide sufficient detail to allow the Employer Representative B. Contractor shall identify all items and materials so that they are
and other agencies having jurisdictional authority over the work traceable throughout all inspections, test activities, and records.
to identify operations to be inspected by that organization (i.e. 1. For stored items, the identification method shall be
Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation - TRAKHEES - CED, consistent with the expected duration and type of storage.
Dubai Municipality, etc).
1. Such operations shall not be bypassed by the Contractor, C. Contractor shall record equipment and material identifications
unless a written waiver is given by the witnessing and ensure that they are traceable to the location where they
organization. are incorporated into the work.

D. Contractor shall develop and maintain a receiving/inspection


3.07 DOCUMENT AND SUBMITTAL CONTROL log containing at least the information itemized below:
1. Purchase order number
A. Establish written procedures for processing all documents and
submittals associated with this project. 2. Item number
1. Procedures shall address receipt, filing, safe guarding, 3. Suppliers name
processing and transmitting. 4. Quantity
2. Establish procedures to ensure documents are prepared 5. Item description
and transmitted or distributed in a timely manner.
6. Reference to applicable Contract requirements
3. Procedures shall also ensure documents contain the
required technical information. 7. Date received
8. Heat number, serial number or other Identification, as
B. Provide quality control procedures, methods, and current applicable
documents at the locations where they are to be used. 9. Verification of receipt of all required supporting
documentation
C. Maintain separate files for quality related documents and
make such files available to the Employer Representative upon 10. QC acceptance sign-off and date
request. 11. Non-conformance number, if applicable.

34 12. Production and expiry date


35
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

3.09 INSPECTIONS AND TESTS E. Provide the Employer Representative with not less than 24 hours
written notice of the occurrence of an assigned hold point.
A. Contractor shall use an approved material testing laboratory 1. Any hold point inspected by outside agencies shall require
for testing required by these specifications. a minimum of 14 days prior written notification.
1. An on-site approved independent laboratory accredited
by Dubai Central Lab (DCL) and staffed by qualified F. Submit inspection/test results to the Employer Representative
personnel shall be used. prior to incorporating the item(s) into the work.
a. Submit name and qualifications of independent testing 1. Report inspection/test failures to the Employer
laboratories to Employer Representative for approval Representative immediately upon receipt.
not less than 7 calendar days prior to the date the 2. Submit certificates of compliance 7 days prior to
laboratories are to be used. incorporating a product to the Works.
b. Once approved, dismissal and replacement of the
approved independent testing laboratory shall require G. Inspections and tests conducted by persons or agencies other
written authorization by the Employer Representative. than the Contractor shall not in any way relieve the Contractor
of his responsibility and obligation to meet all Specifications
B. All inspections, sampling and testing of materials shall be and referenced standards.
conducted in accordance with the specified standards.
H. Inspection and test records shall, as a minimum, identify the
1. Contractor shall have adequate QC personnel on site following:
during all production shift operations.
1. Name of items inspected/tested
2. Test procedures submitted for approval shall include the
following, as a minimum: 2. Quantity of items
a. Prerequisites for the given test 3. Inspection/test procedure reference
b. Required tools, equipment, and instrumentation 4. Date
c. Necessary environmental conditions 5. Name of inspector/tester
d. Acceptance criteria 6. Observations/comments
e. Data to be recorded 7. Specified requirements
f. Test results reporting forms 8. Acceptability
g. Identification of items tested 9. Deviations/non-conformances
10. Corrective action
C. Inspection work shall be performed by personnel designated
by the Contractor. 11. Evaluation of results
1. Such personnel shall not be the same as those performing 12. Signature of authorized evaluator
the work.
I. Inspection and Test Status
D. Approved procedures and instructions shall be on hand and used 1. Contractor shall clearly document and identify the
by inspection and test personnel at the time of inspection or test. inspections and test status of materials and equipment
1. All revisions shall be approved prior to being used to throughout construction.
inspect or test the work.
2. Identification may be by means of stamps, tags, or other
2. No deviations from approved work procedures and
control devices attached to, or accompanying, the material
instructions shall be allowed without written authorization
from the Employer Representative. or equipment.

36 37
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL) Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

3.10 MEASURING AND TEST EQUIPMENT


A. Provide measuring and test equipment necessary to C. Contractor shall develop and maintain a non-conformance
ensure construction conforms to the requirements of the action tracking log to track all non-conformances.
specifications. 1. Log shall contain the following information as a
B. Maintain the accuracy of all measuring and test equipment. minimum:
1. Provide a unique identification number or mark a. Sequential reference number
permanently affixed to each item of measuring and test b. Date issued
equipment.
c. Originator
2. Calibrate each item of measuring and test equipment at
d. Description of item deemed to be in non-
intervals recommended by the manufacturer and submit
calibration certificates. conformance

3. Develop a log of all measuring and test equipment and f. Description of non-conformance
record: g. Recommended and final disposition
a. Equipment description h. Date closed
b. Identification number i. QC Managers initials
c. Date of the last calibration j. Remarks, as applicable
d. Due date of the next calibration
D. Contractors QC personnel shall have the authority to stop that
portion of the work which does not comply with the Contract
requirements.
3.11 NON-CONFORMANCE MONITORING
A. Contractor shall develop a system to identify, document, control E. The dispositions for non-conforming items and materials shall
and process non-conforming material and equipment. be subject to approval by the Employer Representative.
1. A non-conformance exists when either material and
equipment, documentation, or construction do not comply F. Contractor shall clearly identify each non-conforming item with
with the requirements of the Contract Documents. a status tag or other distinguishing mark.
1. Establish procedures for installing, monitoring, and
2. The monitoring system shall apply to material and
equipment as well as documentation, installation and removing these status tags.
construction which fail to conform to the Contract 2. Identify personnel authorized to remove status tags.
Documents.
G. Corrective Actions
B. Contractor shall provide the Employer Representative with the 1. Contractor shall take prompt action to identify the causes
following information for each non-conformance:
of each non-conformance and the corrective action
1. Identification of non-conformance necessary to prevent recurrence.
2. Description of non-conformance a. The results of failure and discrepancy report summaries,
3. Evaluation of non-conformance to establish the cause supplier evaluations, and any other pertinent applicable
4. Recommended corrective action data shall be used for determining corrective action.
5. Date non-conformance was identified b. Information developed during construction, tests, and
6. Date corrective action was completed inspections that support the implementation of required
improvements and corrections shall be used to support
7. Description of final corrective action
the adequacy of corrective action taken.
8. Consultants Approval

38 39
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL) Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

3.12 PERSONNEL QUALIFICATIONS C. Contractor shall perform regularly scheduled external audits
A. Contractor shall identify activities requiring qualified production, on his main Suppliers and Sub-Contractors to verify that their
inspection, and test personnel and establish their minimum quality control procedures ensure total compliance with the
competence level. specifications and referenced standards.
1. Schedule quality control audits not less than monthly.
B. Personnel inspecting and testing special operations (e.g., 2. Maintain records of audits of contractors and subcontractors
welding, brazing, etc.) shall have the experience, training, and as quality records and make them available to the
current certification commensurate with the scope, complexity, Employer Representative upon request.
or nature of the activity.
1. Such personnel shall be approved by the Employer 3. Provide the Employer Representative with access to the
Representative. audit records upon request.
4. Allow the Employer Representative to observe the
C. Contractor shall submit the following for all such production, Contractors audit upon request.
inspection and test personnel: 5. Provide the Employer Representative with a copy of the
1. Qualifications description audit report.
2. Orientation
3. Skill evaluation
3.14 EQUIPMENT/MATERIAL HANDLING AND STORAGE
4. Certification credentials
5. CED Accreditation A. Contractor shall be responsible for handling, storing and
preserving equipment and material from the time of receipt to
D. Contractor shall maintain records of personnel qualifications as the time of acceptance by the Employer.
quality records. B. Contractors storage and handling procedures shall be
designed to prevent damage, deterioration, distortion of shape
or dimension, loss, degradation, loss of identification, or
3.13 QUALITY CONTROL REPORTS/AUDITS substitution.
A. The Contractors Quality Control Manager shall provide a C. The handling procedures shall address the use, inspection
daily Quality Control Report to the Employer Representative. and maintenance of special devices such as crates, boxes,
This report shall be comprehensive and it should include all containers, dividers, slings, material handling and transportation
Q.C. activities on the project. equipment and other facilities.
D. Contractor shall identify equipment and material requiring
B. Contractor shall perform regularly scheduled internal audits to special handling or testing.
verify that his quality control procedures ensure total compliance
with the specifications and referenced standards.
1. Schedule quality control audits not less than monthly and 3.15 QUALITY CONTROL RECORDS
document findings in a report. A. Contractor shall develop a complete records index based on
2. Maintain records of internal audits as quality records and the requirements for document and data submittals in each
make them available to the Employer Representative upon Section of the Specifications.
request. 1. Indicate all quality control records, documentation,
3. Provide the Employer Representative with access to the submittals and data required by the Contract.
audit records upon request. 2. Supplement these records as necessary to monitor quality
4. Allow the Employer Representative to observe the throughout the project.
Contractors internal audit upon request. 3. The records identified in the index shall provide objective
evidence that quality control program activities conform to
5. Provide the Employer Representative with a copy of the the contract requirements.
audit report.
40 41
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL) Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL)

a. Include evidence that required verifications have been 3.17 PROTECTION OF PROPERTY
performed A. Do not load or permit a structure to be loaded in a manner that
b. Establish the basis for key project decisions. will endanger the structure.

B. Authenticate all records. B. Do not subject Work or adjacent property to stresses or pressures
that will endanger it.
1. Only complete and properly authenticated documents
shall be maintained as records of material and equipment C. Existing Surfaces and Facilities:
quality.
1. Take positive action to protect existing surfaces and facilities
C. Quality records shall be indexed, filed and maintained in a from damage resulting from construction operations unless
manner that provides for timely retrieval; traceability, easy modifications to the surfaces or facilities are required as
identification and the latest status (acceptability) of equipment part of the Contract.
and material. 2. Protect paving, landscaping, and utility facilities from
damage caused by mobile and stationary equipment,
D. Protect Quality Control records from deterioration and including vehicles delivering materials to the project site.
damage.
3. Protect finished surfaces, including jambs and soffits of
E. As a minimum, records shall include: openings used as passageways through which materials
are handled, against possible damage resulting form the
1. Name of equipment/material inspected/ tested conduct of the work by trades.
2. Specification reference by section and paragraph (where
applicable) 4. Provide and maintain adequate protection for adjacent
structures.
3. Quantity of items
a. When required by law or for the safety of the Work;
4. Location and installation shore, brace, underpin, or otherwise protect those
5. Inspection/test procedure reference portions of adjacent structures that may be affected by
6. Date the Work.
7. Signature of inspector
D. Utilities
8. Observations/comments
1. Known utilities and related facilities are shown on the
drawings.
3.16 WORKMANSHIP a. Location of these facilities are not guaranteed, nor is
A. Comply with industry standards except when more restrictive there any guarantee that other utilities are not present.
tolerances or specified requirements indicate more rigid b. Unless otherwise specifically required, protect utilities
standards or more precise workmanship. and related facilities from damage and cause no
B. Perform work by persons qualified to produce workmanship of interruption of service.
the specified quality. 2. Establish and maintain direct contact with the Employer
C. Secure products in place with positive anchorage devices Representative or operator of each utility that may be
designed and sized to withstand stresses, vibration, and affected by the Work.
racking. a. Proceed with Work that may affect a utility only with
D. Comply with manufacturers published installation instructions the cooperation and approval of the Employer
in full detail, including each step in sequence. Representative or operator of the utility.
1. Should instructions conflict with Contract Documents, b. Immediately inform the Employer Representative of
request clarification from Employer Representative before any agreement with the utility operator concerning the
proceeding. Work under this Contract.

42 43
Section 3 : QUALITY CONTROL (GENERAL) Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING

3. Verify the location of all utilities in the vicinity of the work This section provides brief guidance and recommendations for some
before commencing construction. activities if addressed will result in better quality control.
a. Submit a plan for performing the work to the Employer
Representative for approval. 4.01 FORMWORK

b. Include evidence of approval by the utility owner or All forms should be perfectly cleaned
operator. Release agent applied correctly
Correct position
E. New Work
Line and level
1. All finished surfaces shall be clean and un-marred upon
acceptance of the area. Accuracy within tolerances
2. Do not permit traffic or material storage on finished Verticality (plumb)
surfaces. Correct angles for batters
a. Where some activity must take place on the finished Finishing heights (mark off)
surface in order to perform the Work, provide and
maintain adequate protection. Joints flush and tight
3. Provide and maintain adequate protection against the Joints sealed as required
weather at all times so as to preserve Work, materials, No nails protruding into the concrete
equipment, apparatus, and fixtures free from damage.
Bracing
4. Do not use items of equipment that are intended to form
a part of the completed work as construction equipment
without specific approval from the Employer Representative
4.02 CONCRETE CONSOLIDATION
in each instance.
Make sure you can see the concrete surface
When inserting the poker, its head should be put in quickly and
3.18 QA/QC INDUCTION TRAINING allowed to penetrate to the bottom of the layer as quickly as
A. Prepare and carry out QA/QC Induction Training for all QC possible under its own weight. If done slowly, the top layer will
staff, Engineers, Inspectors and Foreperson on the project QC be compacted first, making it more difficult for the entrapped
plan, procedures, Inspection and Test Plan, method statements air in the lower part of the layer to escape to the surface.
and checklists to be used during the construction of the The head should be inserted vertically. This minimizes the voids
project. created by inserting the head, and allows air bubbles to rise up
B. Prepare and carry out QA/QC Induction Training for all Sub- unimpeded by a sloping vibrator.
Contractors staff as noted in A. The poker should be left in the concrete for about 10 seconds,
and withdrawn slowly.
The poker should not touch the form face.
The poker should extend 100mm into any previous layer.
The maximum depth of the new layer equals the vibrator head
length minus 100mm. If the depth of concrete is greater, then
the new part will not be fully compacted.
It should be noted that where finish is important, extra vibration
can reduce the number of blowholes.

44 45
Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING

4.03 CONCRETING A. Production at Batching Plants


Someone experienced in the construction of formwork should 1. Shading the aggregates.
always be present at site when the concrete is being placed. 2. Cooling the mixing water before use.
Grout loss is an indication that joints were not tight or some 3. Approved water cementitous material ratio should be
movements have occurred during placing. respected.
In walls and columns no layer should be more than about 4. Set retarding admixtures can be added to slow setting of
450mm thick. With layers thicker than 450mm, the weight of concrete and reduce water demand.
concrete on top makes it impossible even with vibration to get 5. Cement extenders, such as Fly Ash and GGBS are used.
the air out from the bottom of the layer.
Make sure that each layer of concrete has been fully compacted B. Transport
before placing the next one. 1. Steady flow of concrete
Fully compacted concrete will be dense, strong, durable and
2. Drum rotation should be at the lowest agitating speed
impermeable. Badly compacted concrete will be weak, non
durable, honeycombed and porous. The air must be removed. 3. Major placement of concrete should be scheduled during
evening or night times and periods of lower traffic.
For maximum compaction, preference should be given to the
use of self compacting concrete (Refer to Section 4.06). 4. The dispatching of trucks should be coordinated with the
rate of placement to avoid delays in arrival or long waiting
periods.
4.04 HOT WEATHER CONCRETING 5. Traffic arrangement at site should ensure easy access of
The American Concrete Institute Hot Weather Concreting, ACI delivery units to the unloading points.
305R-99, defines hot weather as any combination of high ambient 6. Site traffic should be coordinated for a quick turnaround
temperature, high concrete temperature, low relative humidity, of concrete truck.
high wind speed, and excessive solar radiation that can impair the
quality of fresh or hardened concrete. These factors individually or C. Placement of Concrete
combined, can accelerate moisture loss and cement dehydration.
1. Have adequate manpower and equipment (plus stand-by
Concrete mixed and placed during hot weather is subject to units) available to handle the concrete at the desired rate
conditions that can adversely affect the properties and serviceability of placement and to unload the concrete trucks promptly.
of the hardened concrete. Some of these conditions are:
2. Water should be available in sufficient quantities. The
Increased water demand
temperature of water used for curing must be as close as
Increased rate of slump loss possible to that of the concrete to avoid thermal shock (not
Increased rate of setting more than 11 C than that of concrete).
Increased tendency of plastic shrinkage cracking and 3. Erect temporarily windbreaks and shades to protect fresh
drying shrinkage cracking concrete from hot sun and drying winds.
Low ultimate strength 4. Arrangement should be made for the ready availability of
Decreased durability backup equipment for placing, vibrating and material for
Increased permeability curing.
Increased potential for reinforcing steel corrosion 5. Dampen the sub grade, forms and reinforcing steel the
night before, do this again thoroughly before placing
Successful hot weather concreting requires careful planning and
concrete.
close coordination among all members of the construction team.
Best results will be achieved if the following important procedures 6. Cover concrete as soon as it is placed, until final finishing
are followed. can be started.

46 47
Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING

7. Water curing should start immediately after finishing and 4.05 Mass Concrete
it should be continuous as per specified period of curing. A. Definition
8. Temperature of concrete should be as per specified limit. According to the American Concrete Institute, mass concrete
9. For mass concrete a method statement should be given is defined as any volume of concrete with dimensions large
addressing the logistical and technical issues (Refer to enough to require that measures be taken to cope with
section 4.05). generation of heat from hydration of the cement and attendant
volume change to minimize cracking. Concrete Society Digest
D. Testing
No. 2 defines mass concrete as a pour of sufficient size to
1. An approved trained technician should perform all tests. demand special attention to be given to logistical and technical
2. Leaving the samples of fresh concrete exposed to sun, considerations such as: concrete supply; casting sequence;
wind or dry air is not acceptable. cold joints; plastic settlement; and heat of hydration. While
the definition is somewhat vague, it is intentionally vague
3. Samples of fresh concrete shall be provided with because the concrete mix design, the dimensions, the type of
an impervious cover, cured and stored in a shaded the placement, and the curing methods all affect whether or
environment (temperature of shaded environment should not cracking will occur.
be as per relevant standards). Record temperature using
maximum minimum thermometer. B. Temperature Control
4. Prevent moisture loss of samples during transportation All concrete generates heat as it cures. The heat is caused by
by wrapping them in plastic wet burlap. Be sure to avoid the hydration of the cementitious materials. The majority of the
excessive rough handling during transportation to the heat generation occurs in the first few days after placement.
laboratory. For thin items such as pavements, heat dissipates almost as
quickly as it is generated. For thicker concrete sections (mass
concrete), heat dissipates more slowly than it is generated.
Management of these temperatures is necessary to prevent
damage, minimize delays and meet project specifications.
Maximum allowable concrete temperatures and temperature
differences are often specified to ensure that proper planning
occurs prior to concrete placement.
Other reasons include reducing cooling time and associated
delays, and minimizing the potential for cracking due to
thermal expansion and contraction.
A maximum allowable concrete temperature difference should
be specified always to minimize the potential for thermal
cracking. This temperature difference is the difference between
the temperature at the hottest portion of the concrete and that
at the surface. Thermal cracking will occur when contraction
due to cooling at the surface causes tensile stresses that exceed
the tensile strength of the concrete.

C. Predicting Concrete Temperatures


Specifications for mass concrete often require particular
cement types, minimum cement contents, and maximum
supplementary cementitious material contents. Once this
information is available, the process of predicting maximum
concrete temperatures and temperature differences can begin.
48 49
Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING

Several options are available to predict maximum concrete strength, earlier demoulding and faster use of elements and
temperatures. structures.
The elimination of vibrating equipment improves the environment
D. Methods of Temperature Control
on and near construction and precast sites where concrete is
Methods of controlling mass concrete temperatures range from being placed, reducing the exposure of workers to noise and
relatively simple to complex and from inexpensive to costly. vibration. The improved construction practice and performance,
Depending on a particular situation, it may be advantageous combined with the health and safety benefits, make SCC a very
to use one or more methods over another. Thermal controls attractive solution for both precast concrete and civil engineering
used currently include optimal concrete mix design, insulation, construction.
concrete cooling before placement, concrete cooling after
placement, and the use of smaller placements.
A. Relevant standards:
References: The specification, performance and conformity requirements for
structural concrete are given in EN 206-1. However, in the case
1. ACI 207.1R, Mass Concrete, American Concrete of SCC some properties in the fresh state exceed the limits and
Institute classes provided in this standard. None of the test methods in
2. Concrete Society Digest No. 2, Mass Concrete, Concrete the current EN 12350 series Testing fresh concrete are suitable
Society for assessment of the key properties of fresh SCC. Appropriate
test methods for SCC are given in Annex B of the The European
3. PCA, Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures, Portland Guidelines for Self-Compacting Concrete and it is envisaged that
Cement Association the EN 12350 series will be extended to cover these test methods.
4. CIRIA Report 135, Concreting Deep Lifts and Large
Volume Pours, Construction Industry Research and B. Properties of Self Compacting Concrete:
Information Association The filling ability and stability of self-compacting concrete in
5. BS 8110-2, Structural Use of Concrete Code of Practice the fresh state can be defined by four key characteristics. Each
for Special Circumstances characteristic can be addressed by one or more test methods:
6. Professional Development Series, Engineering Mass
Concrete Structures. Characteristic Preferred test method(s)

Flow ability Slump-flow test

Viscosity (assessed by rate of flow) T500 Slump-flow test or V-funnel test


4.06 Self Compacting Concrete
Self-compacting concrete (SCC) is an innovative concrete that Passing ability L-box test
does not require vibration for placing and compaction. It is able
to flow under its own weight, completely filling formwork and Segregation J Ring
achieving full compaction, even in the presence of congested
reinforcement. When hardened it is dense, homogeneous and
has the same engineering properties and durability as traditional A brief description of the above tests is given below.
vibrated concrete. i) Slump-flow and T500 Test
Self-compacting concrete offers a rapid rate of concrete placement, The slump-flow and T500 time is a test to assess the flow ability
with faster construction times and ease of flow around congested and the flow rate of self-compacting concrete in the absence
reinforcement. The fluidity and segregation resistance of SCC of obstructions. It is based on the slump test described in EN
ensures a high level of homogeneity, minimal concrete voids and 12350-2. The result is an indication of the filling ability of self-
uniform concrete strength, providing the potential for a superior compacting concrete. The T500 time is also a measure of the
level of finish and durability to the structure. SCC is often produced speed of flow and hence the viscosity of the self-compacting
with low water-cement ratio providing the potential for high early concrete

50 51
Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING

Test Method Test Procedure Class Specification Limit iii) L-Box Test
SF1 550-650 mm The L-Box test is used to assess the passing ability of self-
European Guideline for compacting concrete to flow through tight openings including
Slump Flow SF2 660-750 mm
Self-Compacting Concrete spaces between reinforcing bars and other obstructions without
SF3 760-850 mm
segregation or blocking. There are two variations; the two bar
European Guideline for VS1 2 sec
T 500, cm test and the three bar test. The three bar test simulates more
Self-Compacting Concrete VS2 >2 sec congested reinforcement.

Test Method Test Procedure Class Specification Limit


L-Box (h2/h1) European Guideline for PA1 0,80 with 2 rebars
rebars Self-Compacting Concrete PA2 0,80 with 3 rebars

ii) V-Funnel Test


The V-funnel test is used to assess the viscosity and filling ability
of self-compacting concrete.

Test Method Test Procedure Class Specification Limit


European Guideline for VF1 8 sec
V-Funnel
Self-Compacting Concrete VF2 9-25 sec
V-Funnel at T5 European Guideline for
+3 sec.
minutes Self-Compacting Concrete
515
75

450

225
150

hinged
trapdoor
65

52 53
Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING Section 4 : RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BEFORE AND DURING CONCRETING

iv) J-Ring Test


The J-Ring test aims at investigating both the filling ability and
the passing ability of SCC. It can also be used to investigate
the resistance of SCC to segregation by comparing test results
from two different portions of sample.

Test Method Test Procedure Class Specification Limit


SR1 20%
European Guideline for
J-Ring
Self-Compacting Concrete
SR2 15%

For information on the procedure and apparatus for the above


tests, please refer to the, The European Guidelines for Self-
Compacting Concrete, Specification, Production and Use, May
2005.

54 55
Section 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

CAST IN-SITU CONCRETE


Ready-Mixed Concrete
LABORATORY & PLANT TRIAL MIXES
Schedule of Tests and Inspections

Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes


A. Composition/Selection Each Grade Before Production Starts

Concrete Temperature ASTM C 1064 Each grade

BS 1881-102,
Slump Initially and every 15 minutes
EN 12350-2

Flow Table (1) EN 12350-5 Initially and every 15 minutes

European Guidelines
Slump Flow (2) Each grade
for SCC
European Guidelines
T-500 cm Slump Flow (2) Each grade
for SCC
European Guidelines
V-Funnel(2) Each grade
for SCC
V-Funnel at T5 European Guidelines
Each grade
minutes(2) for SCC
European Guidelines
L-Box (h2/h1)(2) Each grade
for SCC
European Guidelines
J-Ring(2) Each grade
for SCC
Fresh Concrete Density BS 1881-107, EN
Each grade
& Yield 12350-6, ASTM C 138
BS 1881-106,
Air Content Each grade
EN 12350-7

Bleeding ASTM C 232 Each grade

Setting Time of
ASTM C 403 Each grade
Concrete
BS 1881-116, At 7 and 28 days for each
Compressive Strength
EN 12390-3 grade
Tensile/Flexural At 7 and 28 days for grades
EN 12390-5&6
Strength where flexural govern
Each grade of structural
Drying Shrinkage ASTM C 596
concrete

56 57
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes CAST IN-SITU CONCRETE


Sulfate and Chloride
Ready-Mixed Concrete
BS 1881-124 Each grade (3)
Content
CONCRETE PRODUCTION & SITE DELIVERIES
Rapid Chloride At 28 days for each grade of
ASTM C 1202 Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Penetration structural concrete
At 28 days for each grade of Designation Normative Frequency Notes
Water Absorption BS 1881-122
structural concrete Document
At 28 days for each grade of
Water Permeability EN 12390-8 A. Composition/Selection Structural Concrete
structural concrete
Concrete Temperature ASTM C 1064 Each load
Initial Surface At 28 days for each grade of
BS 1881-208
Absorption Test structural concrete BS 1881-102,
Slump Each load
EN 12350-2
(1) Where flowable concrete is used
Flow Table (1) EN 12350-5 Each load
(2) Where Self Compacting Concrete is used
Slump Flow (2)
ASTM C 1611 Each Load 650 - 750mm & visually
(3) Whenever the source of any ingredient changes
As per project
J-Ring (2) ASTM C 1621 0 - 10 mm
specifications
Notes: BS 1881-107,
Fresh Concrete Density With each set of compressive strength
1. Designed concrete shall conform to the requirements specified EN 12350-6,
& Yield cubes
ASTM C 138
in EN 206 and BS 8500
BS 1881-106,
2. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Air Content (3)
EN 12350-7
Each load
Engineer and/or Authority
1. Critical Structures
3. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other (columns, cantilevers...):
tests are required One set every 10m3 or
4. Follow the recommendations of the following codes/standards: fraction thereof

ACI 311.5: Guide for concrete plant inspection and testing of 2. Intermediate Structures: A set
BS 1881-116, One set every 50m3 or consists of
ready-mixed concrete Compressive Strength
EN 12390-3 fraction thereof at least 6
ACI 304R: Guide for measuring, mixing, transporting and 3. Mass Concrete (rafts):
cubes
placing concrete One set every 100m3 for
ASTM C94/C94M: Standard Specification for Ready Mixed pours less than 2000m3
Concrete One set every 150m3 for
pours greater than 2000m3
The European Guidelines for Self Compacting Concrete
Tensile/Flexural Strength EN 12390-5&6 At 7 & 28 days for grades where flexural govern
Biweekly for each grade of structural concrete:
1. The overall variation class of operation
for general construction testing shall be
Evaluation of Strength ACI 214, at least Good.
Test Results of Concrete ACI 363.2R
2. The within-test variation class of
operation for field control testing shall
be at least Very Good.
Visual Examination of Project
At the request of the Engineer
Aggregates (by washing) Specifications

58 59
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes


Sulfate & Chloride
BS 1881-124 As per project specifications
Content
Visual Examination of
Project Specifications At the request of the Engineer
Aggregates (by washing)
Sulfate and Chloride
BS 1881-124 As per project specifications
Content
Rapid Chloride
ASTM C 1202 As per project specifications
Penetration

Water Absorption BS 1881-122 As per project specifications

Water Permeability EN 12390-8 As per project specifications

Initial Surface
BS 1881-208 As per project specifications
Absorption Test

(1) Where flowable concrete is used


(2) Where Self Compacting Concrete is used
(3) Where air-entrained concrete is used

Notes:
1. A strength test is the average strength of concrete specimens sampled from the same
batch or load.
2. A load is the quantity of concrete transported in a vehicle comprising one or more
batches.
3. A batch is the quantity of fresh concrete produced in one cycle of operations of a mixer
Unsatisfactory failures can be caused by:
or the quantity discharged during one minute from a continuous mixer. 1. Insufficient attention to testing procedures:
4. Follow the recommendations of ACI 305R during hot weather. o sampling and making of specimen
5. Follow the recommendations of the following codes/standards: o storing and transportation of specimen
ACI 311.5: Guide for concrete plant inspection and testing of ready-mixed concrete
o specimen condition (flatness, perpendicularity, straightness)
o specimen preparation
ACI 304R: Guide for measuring, mixing, transporting and placing concrete
o specimen positioning in the testing machine (centering)
ASTM C94/C94M: Standard Specification for Ready Mixed Concrete
o loading and loading rate
6. Each load shall be accompanied by a computer controlled non simulated printout listing
all the information related to the mix. 2. A fault with the testing machine.
7. Each truck mixer/agitator, when it arrives at site, shall have its water container full. If that For cylindrical specimens, failure of the capping before the concrete is
container is not full or field test results are outside the specified limits, the load shall be unsatisfactory failure.
rejected.
8. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer and/or Authority
9. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests are required.

60 61
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

CAST IN-SITU CONCRETE vibrations.


d. Concrete test specimens shall be protected from evaporation
SITE LABORATORIES and damage.
Requirements for Concrete Testing Laboratories e. Proper tagging of the specimens shall be done specifying the
date, time, location, grade of concrete and name of technician
moulding the specimens.
A. Human Resources f. Initial curing temperatures for the concrete specimens shall be
a. The testing lab services shall be provided under the technical maintained between the limits set in the pertinent standards.
direction of a professional engineer with relevant experience g. De-moulding of the concrete specimens shall be done within
in construction material testing, or a supervising lab technician the time limitations stated in the relevant standards.
with relevant experience in construction material testing and
current technician certification. h. Curing tanks shall be of sufficient size and controlled
temperature. Temperature shall be verified with recording
b. The testing field and/or lab technician shall possess current thermometers.
technician certification or have undergone a training program
covering all the relevant tests performed by the technician. E. Laboratory Records and Reports

B. Test Methods and Procedures The laboratory shall maintain a system of records that permits
verification of any issued report. The records shall include:
a. The site testing laboratory shall be capable of performing the
required tests as per standard methods, guides or practices. a. Standard operating procedures

b. The laboratory shall use the latest version of each referenced b. Calibration certificates of the equipment and instruments
method within one year of its publication unless an earlier used
version of the standard is required by the client. c. Records on laboratory personnel that document work
c. Laboratory personnel shall have convenient access to applicable experience, competency and certification
standards. d. Current standard test methods
All testing reports shall include the information required
and stated by the pertinent standards and test methods.
C. Facilities, Equipment and Supplemental Procedures All testing reports shall state the acceptance criteria of the test
a. The laboratory shall have facilities and equipment conforming being carried out as well as a statement on whether the test
to the requirements of the applicable test methods. results passed or failed.
b. All equipment and instruments shall be verified and calibrated
before being placed in service and at the frequency set by the
pertinent standards and local regulations.
c. All balances and scales shall be calibrated annually or whenever
accuracy is in doubt.

D. Preparations and Conditions


a. Proper sampling of fresh concrete shall be conducted
in accordance with the pertinent standards and project
specifications.
b. The required field tests shall be performed at the frequencies
stated in the project specifications.
c. The floor, where tests are preformed and compressive strength
specimens are stored, shall be levelled and free of any
62 63
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

CAST IN-SITU CONCRETE Notes:


Ready-Mixed Concrete 1. All the tests shall be done before the start of the work and whenever
AGGREGATES the source is changed.

Schedule of Tests and Inspections 2. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
and/or Authority.
Designation Normative Document Frequency / Notes
3. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other
A Composition/Selection Coarse Aggregate Fine Aggregate
tests are required.
Grading EN 933-1, BS 812-103

Material finer than Daily Daily


EN 933-1, BS 812-103
0.075mm sieve
Water Absorption and ASTM C 127, C 128,
Twice a month
Specific Gravity EN 1097-6
EN 933-3&4,
Elongation and Flakiness Monthly
BS 812-105
To be carried Cleaning of
Moisture Content in Sand
out by moisture tester
by Moisture Tester (Speedy)
batching plant regularly
Moisture Content of
washed aggregates and of ASTM C 566 At least three times a day
aggregates in rainy seasons
Clay Lumps and Friable
ASTM C 142 Monthly
Particles

Light Weight Particles ASTM C 123 Every 3 months

Organic Impurities ASTM C 40 Monthly

Sand Equivalent ASTM D 2419 Monthly

Water Soluble Chlorides


BS 812-117 Every three months
(Quantitative)

Acid Soluble Sulfates BS 812-118 Every three months

Soundness (MgSO4) - 5
ASTM C 88 Every two months
cycles
Potential Reactivity of
ASTM C 289, C 227 Every six months
Aggregates
Aggregate Drying
EN 1367-4 Every six months
Shrinkage
BS 812-111, EN
10% Fines Value (TFV) Every two months
1097-2

Los Angeles Abrasion Test ASTM C 131 Every two months

64 65
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

CAST IN-SITU CONCRETE CAST IN-SITU CONCRETE


Ready-Mixed Concrete Ready-Mixed Concrete
WATER CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS & ADMIXTURES
Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections

Designation Normative Document Frequency / Notes Designation Normative Document Frequency / Notes

A Composition/Selection Cement EN 197, ASTM C 150 Initially and every three months

Chlorides (Cl) ASTM D 512 GGBS BS 6699, ASTM C 989 Initially and every one month

Sulfates (SO4) ASTM D 516 Pozzolanic Fly ash BS EN 450S Initially and every three months
Initially, every It shall comply
Alkali Carbonates and three with the
ASTM D 513 Silica Fume ASTM C 1240 Initially and every three months
Bicarbonates months, and requirements of
whenever ASTM C1602 /
Liquid Admixtures ASTM C 494, C 260, C 1017 Initially and every three months
Total Dissolved Ions ASTM D 1888 source changes EN 1008

pH value ASTM D 1293 Notes:


1. All the cementitious materials shall conform to the physical and
Notes: chemical requirements of the pertinent standard specifications. The
required tests shall be made to verify compliance.
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer 2. For cementitious materials, regular sampling shall be made from
and/or Authority. each delivery for random testing. All samples are to be stored until
28 or 56 day results are obtained and satisfactory.
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required. 3. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
and/or Authority.
4. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required.

66 67
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

BORED IN-SITU PILES AND DRILLED SHAFTS REINFORCING STEEL


Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Designation Normative Document Frequency / Notes Designation Normative Frequency Notes
Document
A Composition/Selection
A Composition/Selection
Refer to frequency of testing of Steel in
Reinforcing Steel BS EN 10080
this Manual All Grades BS EN 10080
Refer to frequency of testing of Cast-in-
Concrete Concrete Specifications Mechanical Properties
place Concrete in this Manual 1. Every consignment
Yield Strength of Steel shall have
Minimum 1% for each type (Dimension
of Piles Diameter and Length) or as per Ultimate Strength Mill Certificates to
Pile Load Test (Static) ASTM D 1143 One (1) set of tests be attached to the
project specifications if for Mechanical
Elongation at Maximum Force Material Inspection
more tests are required and Chemical
Elongation ot Fracture Request for the
Minimum 5% of Piles or as per project Properties for each Engineers review.
Pile Load Test (Dynamic) ASTM D 4945 bar diameter at the
specifications if more tests are required Mass / meter Steel tags having
start of the job and heat number are to
Nominal Cross-sectional every 100 tons of
Pile Integrity Test ASTM D 5882 All Piles Area be provided with the
steel delivered to steel.
Bending the site.
Cross Hole Logging Minimum 10% of Piles or as per project 2. Tests are to be
ASTM D 6760 (Refer to Notes)
Analyzer specifications if more tests are required Re-bending repeated whenever
Minimum 10% of Piles or as per project Surface Geometry there is a change in
Calliper Logging ASTM D 6167 specifications if more tests are required the source of supply.
Chemical Properties
(To be selected randomly)
A minimum of one non-working pile
Ultimate Load Test ASTM D 1143 to be tested according to project Notes:
specifications 1. All steel reinforcement specified shall comply with BS 4449, BS
4482, BS 4483, BS 6744 and shall be cut and bent in compliance
Notes: with BS 8666.
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer 2. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
and/or Authority. and/or Authority.
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests 3. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required. are required.
3. For Diaphragm Wall the following instruments are to be fixed for 4. Reinforcing steel, supplied by Cares or equivalent accredited
monitoring purpose: certification body approved mill, shall be tested at the start of the
Inclinometer, Steel Strain gauges, concrete stress gauges, and project and every 200 tons delivered to site.
pressure cells. 5. Reinforcing steel, supplied and processed by Cares or equivalent
accredited certification body approved steel mills and cutting &
bending companies, shall be tested at the start of the work and
every 400 tons delivered to site.
6. Couplers to comply with the BS 8110 requirements.
7. Cover blocks shall comply with BS 8110.
8. For performance and testing requirement of spacers and chairs
refer to BS 7973.

68 69
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

EPOXY-COATED STEEL Post Tensioning


Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Designation Normative Frequency Notes Designation Normative Frequency Notes
Document Document

Coating Thickness Every consignment of A Strands/Mechanical Properties


Steel shall have Mill Yield Strength at 1% ASTM A 370/ BS
& Test Certificates to As Per Relevant Code
extension 5896
Coating Continuity be attached to the
As per standard ASTM A 370/ BS
BS 7295 / Material Inspection Breaking Strength As Per Relevant Code
/project 5896
ASTM A775 Request for the
Coating Flexibility specifications
Engineers review. ASTM A 370/ BS
Elongation As Per Relevant Code
Steel tags having heat 5896
number are to be ASTM E 328/ BS
Coating Adhesion provided with the steel Relaxation As Per Relevant Code
5896
B Chemical Properties
Notes: ASTM A 421/ BS
Sulpher As Per Relevant Code
5896
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
ASTM A 421/ BS
and/or Authority. Phosphorus As Per Relevant Code
5896
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests C Grout for Post Tension Duct
are required.
Temperature BS EN 446 As Per Relevant Code
Two tests per day taken
Compressive Strength BS EN 445 from the mixer and one
from the exit vent.
After mixing one test
Fluidity BS EN 445
from mixer.
Two tests per day taken
Bleeding BS EN 445 from the mixer and one
from the exit vent.
Two tests per day taken
Volume Change BS EN 445 from the mixer and one
from the exit vent.

Notes:
1. Design should be in accordance with BS 8110: Part 1:1997 or
Concrete Society Report No. 43 (TR 43).
2. Anchorage for post tensioning system shall comply with the minimum
performance requirement of BS EN 13391.
3. Pre bagged non shrink material to be used for post tensioning
grout.
4. For grouting equipment and procedures BS EN 446 shall be followed.
5. For grout specification BS EN 447 shall be followed.

70 71
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

EARTHWORK PRECAST CONCRETE


Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Designation Normative Frequency Notes Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes
Document
Refer to the requirements of the Cast-
Project
Particle Size Analysis & 1 Material Testing in-place Concrete and Reinforcing Steel
Specifications
Determination of Soil BS 1377 part 2 sections of this Manual
All tests shall be
Constants (Dry & Wet) carried out at a
Project 2 Testing Finished Material
Atterberg Limits (LL, PL & PI) BS 1377 part 2 minimum rate of 3
Specifications As directed by the
tests for every 300m3 Compressive BS 1881,
Sand Equivalent ASTM D 2419 of material Engineer (Cores from
Strength BS EN 12390-3
precast units) Project
Chlorides & Sulfates in Soil BS 1377 part 3
As directed by the Specifications
a) Make at selected locations at least one Durability
In-Situ Density of Soil Engineer (Cores from
field density test for every 200m2 area/ Requirements
precast units)
layer, but in no case less than three (3)
a. Trenches
tests per day operation. 3 Joint Sealant and Fillers
b) Make at selected locations at least one Cement Grout As directed by the
field density test of subgrade or finish grade BS EN 197
b. Walkways BS 1377 (Portland Cement) Engineer
for every 200m2 area, but in no case less
than three (3) tests per day operation. Natural Sand BS EN 13139
Project
c) Make at selected locations at least one As directed by the Specifications
c. Pavement Layer Non-shrink Grout
field density test for every 200m2 area/ Engineer
(Subgrade, Subbase
layer, but in no case less than three (3)
and Base) ASTM C 962,
tests per day operation Elastomeric Sealants
ACI 504
Moisture - Density
All required tests Inserts and Other ASTM A 307, A 325, Project
Relations of Soil using 4
BS 1377 part 4 shall be carried out Project Hardware A490, A 108, A 496 Specifications
4.5 kg Rammer, 457
mm Drop Method D for every 400 m3 of Specifications
Corrosion Protection ASTM A 276
material Project
California Bearing Ratio Test BS 1377 Specifications
Expansion Anchors ASTM E 448
Notes:
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer and/or Authority.
Notes:
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests are required.
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
Phases of Soil and the Atterberg Limits and/or Authority.
Phase Solid State Semi-Solid State Plastic State Liquid State Suspension
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
Water Water Content Decreasing are required.
Shrinkage Plastic Liquid Limit
Sticky
Limit
Dry Soil

Limit Limit LL
Limits
SL PL 3. Follow the recommendations of the manuals published by pci,
Plasticity Index - PI
Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute.
Shrinkage Volume Constant Volume Decreasing

Condition Hard to Stiff Workable Sticky Slurry Water-Held


Suspension
Shear Strangth Shear Strength Increasing Negligible to Nil
(kN/m2) 170 1.7
Moisture Content 0 SL PL PI LL

72 73
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

GLASS REINFORCED CONCRETE (GRC) ELEMENTS CONCRETE BLOCKS


Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes Designation Normative Frequency Notes
Document
1 Composition of GRC Elements
1 Masonry Blocks
Glass Content At the start of the
Project job, once a month Dimensions and Compressive
Specifications or as requested by Strength
Wet Bulk Density the Engineer DMS1
Density Every 20,000 blocks
Part 1:2003
2 Testing Finished Material
Chloride and Sulfate Content
Modulus of Rupture At the start of the
Project job, once a month Project 2 Paving Blocks
Limit of Proportionality Specifications or as requested by Specifications
JJ the Engineer Dimensions and Compressive
the Engineer Strength
Lloyd T 5000/SS
Local order 10 Blocks every 5000
Density no.44:1990 Blocks
Notes:
Chloride and Sulfate Content
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
and/or Authority. 3 Filler Blocks (Normal Weight)
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required. Dimensions and Compressive
Strength
3. Works and Material shall comply with the following requirements:
Density DMS1:Part1:2003 Every 20,000 blocks
a. PCI MNL 117 - Manual for Quality Control for Plants and
Production of Architectural Pre-cast Construction Products Chloride and Sulfate Content
b. PCI MNL 128 - Recommended Practice for Glass Fibre Reinforced
Concrete Panels 4 Filler Blocks (Light Weight)
c. PCI MNL 130 - Manual for Quality Control Dimensions and Compressive
Strength
Local Order No 44
Density 1990 Every 20,000 blocks

Chloride and Sulfate Content

Notes:
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
and/or Authority.
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required.
3. Works and Material shall conform to Dubai Municipality and
International Standards.

74 75
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE BLOCKS NORMAL WEIGHT CONCRETE POLYSTYRENE SANDWICH BLOCKS
Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Normative Designation Normative Frequency Notes
Designation Frequency Notes
Document Document

A Composition/Selection A Composition/Selection
AAC Blocks Dimensions and Compressive
Strength
Dimensions and Compressive
Strength Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity and Dry
Density DMS 1: Every 20,000 Chloride and Sulfate Content
Part 3:2005 blocks DMS 1: Every 20,000
Part 5 : 2004 blocks
Chloride and Sulfate Content Apparent Density

Polystyrene Dimensions and


Drying Shrinkage
Density
Project Polystyrene Core Thermal
Fire Rating ASTM E 119
Specifications Conductivity
As recommended As directed
Project
Mortar Specifications
by the Fire Rating (Polystyrene)
ASTM D 2863,
by the
Project
manufacturer BS EN 11925-2 Specifications
Engineer
Portland Cement: As
recommended
Works below Ground Slab (SRC) BS 4248 Mortar Project Specifications
by the
Project Specifications manufacturer
Works above Ground Slab (OPC) BS EN 197-1
Portland Cement:
Sand BS EN 13139 Project Specifications Works below Ground Slab (SRC) BS 4248
Project
As directed by Specifications
Accessories the Engineer
Project Specifications Works above Ground Slab (OPC) BS EN 197-1

Project
Notes: Sand BS EN 13139
Specifications
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer As directed by Project
Accessories Project Specification
and/or Authority. the Engineer Specifications
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required. Notes:
3. Works and Material shall conform to Dubai Municipality and 1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
International Standards. and/or Authority.
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required.
3. Works and Material shall conform to Dubai Municipality and
International Standards.

76 77
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

LIGHT WEIGHT MASONRY UNITS Clay Masonry BlockS with Polystyrene Insert
Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Designation Normative Frequency Notes Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes
Document
A Composition/Selection
A Composition/Selection
Dimensions and Compressive
Dimensions and Compressive Strength
Strength
Thermal Conductivity of Block
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Conductivity of
Every 20,000 Thermal Insulation
Gross Density DMS 1:Part 2: 2004
blocks
Every 20,000
Density of Thermal Insulation DMS 17: 2004
blocks
Chloride and Sulfate Content
Water Absorption
Drying Shrinkage

As directed by the Project Apparent Density


Fire Rating ASTM E 119
Engineer Specifications
Block Efflorescence
As
recommended As directed
Mortar Project Specifications
by the ASTM D 2863, Project
Fire Rating (Polystyrene) by the
manufacturer BS EN 11925-2 Specifications
Engineer
Portland Cement: As recommended
Mortar Project Specifications by the
Works below Ground Slab (SRC) BS 4248 manufacturer
Project
Specifications Portland Cement:
Works above Ground Slab (OPC) BS EN 197-1

Project Works below Ground Slab (SRC) BS 4248


Sand BS EN 13139
Specifications Project Specifications
Works above Ground Slab (OPC) BS EN 197-1
As directed by the Project
Accessories Engineer Specifications
Sand BS EN 13139 Project Specifications

Notes: Accessories
As directed by
Project Specifications
the Engineer
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
and/or Authority. Notes:
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests 1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
are required. and/or Authority.
3. Works and Material shall conform to Dubai Municipality and 2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
International Standards. are required.
3. Works and Material shall conform to Dubai Municipality and
International Standards.

78 79
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections

LATH AND PLASTER Polystyrene Thermal Insulation


Schedule of Tests and Inspections Schedule of Tests and Inspections
Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes Designation Normative Document Frequency Notes

Cement Plaster Compressive Strength and


Dimensions
BS 12, 146, 215,
Portland Cement Thermal Conductivity
4027 and BS 5224

Lime BS 890 Density

Sand BS 1199 Water Absorption As directed


Project Specifications by the
Aggregates BS 882 Flexural Strength Engineer

As directed
Water BS 3148 Project Water Vapour Permeance
by the
Specifications
Engineer
Ready Mix Rendering Dimensional Stability
BS 4721
Material
Bagged Rendering Oxygen Index
BS 5262
Material

Plaster Accessories BS 5262 Notes:


1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer
Pull-Off Test BS 1881-207
and/or Authority.
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
Notes: are required.
1. Additional testing will be conducted at the request of the Engineer 3. Works and Material shall conform to Dubai Municipality and
and/or Authority. International Standards.
2. Contract Specifications are to be implemented if more or other tests
are required.
3. Works and Material shall conform to the following codes:
Code of practice for External Rendered Finishes BS 5262
Code of practice for Internal Plastering BS 5492
Code of practice for Plastering and Rendering BS 8000 Part 10

80 81
SECTION 5 : Schedule of Tests and Inspections SECTION 6 : QC Forms

PAINTING NON-CONFORMANCE REPORT


Schedule of Tests and Inspections Project : ____________________________________________________________________________

Frequency / NOTES Client : __________________________________________ NCR No. : ______________________


Designation Normative Document
Project Manager : __________________________________________ Date : ______________________
Specific Gravity ASTM D 1650 Consultant : __________________________________________
Contractor : __________________________________________ Location : ______________________
Solid Content ASTM D 2139
Sub-Contractor : __________________________________________ Category : ______________________
Drying Time ASTM D 1650
Non-Conformance:
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Adhesion Strength ASTM D 4541
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Abrasive Strength ASTM D 4060 ____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Impact ASTM D 2794
Project Specification / as Issued by: _________________ Signature: ___________________
required by the Engineer
Hardness ASTM D 2240
Requirements
Crack Bridgeability ASTM D 836 Specifications : ____________________________________________________________________________
Standards : ____________________________________________________________________________
Non Volatile Matter ASTM D 2939 Drawings : ____________________________________________________________________________
Other : ____________________________________________________________________________
Fungus Resistance ASTM D 2734
Received by Contractor/Sub-Contractor:
UV Resistance ASTM 653
Name: ________________ Position: ________________ Signature: _____________ Date: ______________
Salt Spray Resistance ASTM B117 Cause of Non-Conformance:
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Name: ________________ Position: ________________ Signature: _____________ Date: ______________

Proposed Corrective Action by Contractor/Subcontractor:


____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Name: ________________ Position: ________________ Signature: _____________ Date: ______________

Comments by Project Manager/Consultant:


Approved Approved As Noted Not Approved
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Name: ________________ Position: ________________ Signature: _____________ Date: ______________

Corrective Action Completed/Verified:


QA/QC Manager Name: ________________ Signature: _____________ Date: ______________

82 83
SECTION 6 : QC Forms SECTION 6 : QC Forms

FIELD MEMORANDUM

Consultant/Project Manager
Project : ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
NCR Report No. : _________________________________
Date : ______________________________________

Location : ______________________________________
Category : ______________________________________

Rejected/
Project : ____________________________________________________________________________________

Date
Client : _____________________________________________ Memo No.: __________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : __________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Subject : __________________________

Accepted/
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ __________________________

Date
Description:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Returned

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Date
STATUS OF NON-CONFORMANCE REPORTS

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Contractor

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Received

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Date

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Issued by: ______________________ Signature: ___________________________
Project Manager : ________________________________________________________

Sub-Contractor : ________________________________________________________

Contractor/Sub-contractors Response:
Client : ________________________________________________________

Contractor : ________________________________________________________
Consultant : ________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Description

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________

Comments by Project Manager/Consultant:


Approved Approved As Noted Not Approved
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Issued
Date

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
NCR Ref.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
No.

Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________

84 85
SECTION 6 : QC Forms SECTION 6 : QC Forms

MATERIAL INSPECTION REPORT - MIR NOTIFICATION OF MATERIAL RECEIPT


Project : ____________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ____________________________________________________________________________________

Client : _____________________________________________ MIR No. : ______________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Ref. No. : ______________________

Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Transmittal Ref. : ______________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : ______________________

Consultant : _____________________________________________ Date : ______________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________

Contractor : _____________________________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________

Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, other): Materials Submittal Approval References:


____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Description of Supplied Materials:
Description of Material for Inspection ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supplier of Materials : __________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Source of Materials : __________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Date of Receipt of Materials : __________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Storage Location : __________________________________________________________________________
Issued by : __________________________ Test/Mill Certificates : ___________________________ Total Delivered : __________________________________________________________________________
Delivered Qty : __________________________ Date of Delivery : ___________________________ Contractor
Total Delivered : __________________________ Inspection Location : ___________________________ Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________

Comments by Contractor/Sub-Contractor: Received by Consultant:


____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Comments by Consultant:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Inspector Remarks: Y/N
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Physical Damage ______________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Details given above are correct (type, size, weight) ______________________________
Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________ Conform with approval submission (Certificates, etc) ______________________________
Remarks:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Comments by Project Manager/Consultant:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Name____________________________________ Signature ______________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Materials Engineers Remarks:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Yes/No ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Material complies with project specifications: ___________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Tests Required: ___________________________ Name____________________________________ Signature ______________________________
No. of Samples required: ___________________________ Resident Engineers Comments:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Required Tests (if any): ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ The above materials have been inspected on site and are:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Approved Approved As Noted Not Approved
Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________ Name of R.E.________________________ Signature of R.E: __________________ Date: ________________

86 87
88
INSPECTION & TEST PLAN (ITP)

Project : ________________________________________________________
Client : ________________________________________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________
Project Manager : ________________________________________________________
Consultant : ________________________________________________________ ITP Ref No. : _____________________________________________
Contractor : ________________________________________________________ Date : _____________________________________________
SECTION 6 : QC Forms

Activity Verifying Party


Activity Description Reference Documents Acceptance Criteria
No. SC MC CT PM A

Legends: Verification Codes:


SC = Sub-Contractor PM = Project Manager H = Hold R = Review
MC = Main-Contractor A = Authority I = Inspection S = Surveillance
CT = Consultant M = Monitor W = Witness

CONCRETE POUR RECORD

Project :________________________________________________________
Client : ________________________________________________________ Ref No. : ________________________________________
Project Manager : ________________________________________________________ Date : ________________________________________
Consultant : ________________________________________________________ Ambient Temp. : ________________________________________
SECTION 6 : QC Forms

Contractor : ________________________________________________________ Location : ________________________________________


Sub-Contractor : ________________________________________________________ Structural Member : ________________________________________
Concrete Supplier : ___________________________________________________________ Concrete Grade/Mix : _______________________________________
Cumulative Ticket Truck Departure Start Finish Density Temp- Slump No. of Cube
No. Quantity (m3)
Qty (m3) No. No. from Plant Pouring Pouring (kg/m3) erature (mm) Cubes Reference

Cubes Sampled by: Lab Technician Name: ___________________ Signature: ___________________ Date : ________________
Pouring supervised by: Lab Technician Name: ___________________ Signature: ___________________ Date : ________________
Lab Technician Name: ___________________ Signature: ___________________ Date : ________________
89
SECTION 6 : QC Forms SECTION 6 : QC Forms

PILE RECORD
INSPECTION RECORD FOR STRUCTURAL REPAIRS Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project : ____________________________________________________________________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : __________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : __________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : __________________________ D E TA I L S
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : __________________________ Drawing Ref. No. X-axis
Coordinates
Pile No. Y-axis
Investigation Report Pile Type Start
Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, other): Boring Dates
Pile Diameter End
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Platform Level Concreting Date Start
Pile Cut-off Level & Time End
Nature of Defect:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Pile Base Level Theoretical
Volume
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Nature of Soil Actual
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
INSPECTION & CHECKLIST
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activities & Items to be Sub- Main
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Consultant Acceptance Criteria
Inspected Contractor Contractor
Date Checked Repaired NCR Date Completed As per approved drawings, project
1 Layout and survey pile location
specs, and relevant standards
Yes No Yes No
Length of casing and verticality,
2 Casing installed
Material Used: plumbness are within tolerance
Description: ________________________________________________________________________________________ 3
Depth of water encountered
Measure and record depth of water
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ during boring
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Cleaning of borehole; depth of Check and measure level of pile base
4
Material Approval No.: _____________________________________________________________________________ borehole completed according to designed pile depth
5 Drilling Fluid tested As per specifications/method statement
Comments: Installation of cage reinforcement Check diameter, spacing, spacers mill
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6
(epoxy coated) scales removed, rust touch-up
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Installation of tremie pipe for Length of tremie pipe, cleanliness water
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 7
concreting operations tightness, hopper clearance

Accepted/Rejected: Safety and awareness, working According to company safety manual


8
platform setup rules and regulations
Sub-Contractor: Accepted: Accepted with comments: Rejected:
Stand by equipment and Availability of stand by equipment and
9
concreting crew manpower
Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________
Check slump, temperature and According to approved design mix of
10
elapsed time concrete and test results
Main Contractor: Accepted: Accepted with comments: Rejected:
According to method statement and
11 Release for concreting operations
checklist conformance
Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________
Remarks: __________________________________________________________________________________________________
Consultant/Project Manager: Accepted: Accepted with comments: Rejected: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Sub-Contractor: Accepted: Accepted with comments: Rejected:
Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________ Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________
Main Contractor: Accepted: Accepted with comments: Rejected:
Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________
Consultant/Project Manager: Accepted: Accepted with comments: Rejected:
90 Name: ___________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _______________ Date: ______________ 91
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

INTRODUCTION

The following checklists are provided to establish a guideline for quality


control during construction phase and may be used as basis for the
development of project checklists. These checklists can be modified on a
case by case basis to meet the needs of the individual client or project.

The purpose of these checklists is to standardize the work and to ensure


the items listed in the checklist are filled/answered/checked appropriately.
The prime aim is to achieve consistent quality of inspection related to
each activity with the relevant checklists for any project. The checklist
is the extract from the specification, drawings, standards, Quality
documents, etc. to simplify the inspection and to achieve effective results
without delays.

The attached checklists are developed for major activities on site. For
each inspection the inspection request (IR) will be filled and the relevant
checklist after inspection and filing will be attached with IR for final
inspection by the consultant representative on site. In case the work
is not complying with specs/drawings/QC document, then it will be
highlighted on the relevant checklist during inspection of the works by
the Inspector/site engineer and will be submitted along with the relevant
IR in QA/QC department when work is rectified and recorded on the
checklist by the Inspector/site engineer as rectified.

92 93
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

PRE-CONCRETE CHECK LIST PILE CAP CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Ref. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Structure : _____________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________

Proceed with Concrete


Trade Drawing Ref Signature Remarks Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
Yes No
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Civil : ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Electrical : Activity/Item: Y/N


1 Preliminary pile test completed & approved ___________________
Plumbing :
2 Sonic Integrity test completed & approved ___________________
A/C : 3 Static test completed & approved ___________________
4 Dynamic Pile test completed & approved ___________________
Fire :
5 Core test completed & approved ___________________
Others :
6 Cut off level as per Dwg. No. ____________ ___________________

Inspected by: Project Engineer 7 Pile head treatment ___________________


Name: _____________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ 8 Compaction tests passed/blinding done satisfactorily ___________________

Verified by: MEP Co-ordinator (MEP services only) 9 Specified starter bars/other provisions for structures connected to pile cap as per drawings ___________________
Name: _____________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ 10 Levels checked ___________________

Approved by: Project / QC Manager 11 Reinforcement placed as per drawings and schedules ___________________
Name: _____________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ 12 MEP installations completed and clearance obtained ___________________
13 Formwork is checked for grout leak, dimensions, alignment supports and cleanliness etc. ___________________
Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 14 Check chamfers and adjust forms as per drawings and Specifications ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 15 Consultant inspection completed and approved for casting ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 16 Authority (CED) approval obtained prior to casting ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Checked by:

Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

94 95
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

FOOTINGS CHECKLIST TIE BEAMS CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others): Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Activity/Item: Y/N Activity/Item: Y/N

1 Preliminary test pile completed & approved ___________________ 1 All materials comply with project specifications ___________________

2 All materials in accordance to approved material submittals ___________________ 2 All materials in the tie beams are according to approved material submittals ___________________

3 PCC cast after achieving required compaction ___________________ 3 Masonry solid blocks for the periphery are complete ___________________

4 Waterproofing, if any completed ___________________ 4 Top of tie beam level established and cross- checked ___________________

5 Form work for footings and strap beams, if any, is checked for dimensions 5 Form work checked for alignment, depth, width and supports; release agent applied ___________________
firmness, supports and cleanliness, grout leakage.. Release agent applied ___________________ 6 Reinforcement placed as per drawings & specifications ___________________
6 Reinforcement placed as per drawings & specifications ___________________ 7 Necessary gate level achieved ___________________
7 Dowels for slab, columns, stair cases, walls placed as per specs ___________________ 8 Floating columns and main columns, walls, stair cases etc., reinforcement
8 Alignment & orientation checked against grids ___________________ placed as per drawings & specifications ___________________

9 Cover blocks/ spacers placed as per specifications ___________________ 9 Chamfers to concrete edges are provided as per drawings/ specifications ___________________

10 Chamfers required at edges are as per drawings/ specifications ___________________ 10. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________

11 Setbacks with references to demarcation points checked ___________________ 11 Inspection from survey department (if any), and consultant complete and
approved for concreting ___________________
12 MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
12 Authority (CED) approval obtained prior to casting ___________________
13 Consultant inspection completed and approved for casting ___________________
14 Authority (CED) approval obtained prior to casting ___________________ Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Remarks: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Checked by:

Civil Works
Checked by:
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
Civil Works
MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

96 97
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

SLAB-ON-GRADE CHECKLIST WALLS CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others): Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N Activity/Item: Y/N
1 Levels checked and recorded ___________________ 1 Reinforcement placed as per drawings and specifications ___________________
2 Compaction of ground/ formation and test passed ___________________ 2 Formwork checked for grout leakages, dimensions, alignment and proper
3 Blindings/EPDM, bitumen impregnated fibre board etc completed as specified & approved ___________________ supports with respect to approved drawings ___________________

4 Construction joints in the slab are as per drawing, method statement and 3 All openings for inlets & outlets checked as per drawings ___________________
approved by consultant ___________________ 4 Verticality of the formwork checked and within tolerance ___________________
5 Necessary MEP, drainage etc. works completed ___________________ 5 Construction joints are well prepared/no laitance ___________________
6 Reinforcement placed as per drawings/ specs ___________________ 6 Starter bars from footing/slab/walls are cleaned ___________________
7 Starter bars, if any, are checked as per drawings ___________________ 7 Cover blocks/ spacers placed adequately and firm ___________________
8 Form work checked for alignment, supports, sleeves, finish, level, step up/down etc. ___________________ 8 The kicker location checked before closing forms ___________________
9 Thickening of slab (haunching), if any, for partition wall completed ___________________ 9 Reinforcement clean and overlap as per drawings/ specs ___________________
10 Type of finish required is agreed on/ approved ___________________ 10. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
11 Approval for casting obtained from consultant ___________________ 11 Formwork in good condition and leak proof for slurry ___________________
12 Authority (CED) approval obtained prior to casting ___________________ 12 Approval for casting obtained from consultant ___________________

Remarks: Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Checked by: Checked by:

Civil Works Civil Works


Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

MEP Works MEP Works


Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

98 99
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

COLUMNS CHECKLIST SLABS CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others): Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N Activity/Item: Y/N
1 Layout, mentioning size, shape, height of casting and spacing of columns prepared ___________________ 1 All the materials (Concrete, reinforcement steel, Hourdi Blocks etc.)
2 Special formwork, if any, in the columns provided ___________________ comply with the project specifications ___________________

3 Approval of MEP works, if any, in the columns taken ___________________ 2 All the materials are approved by the consultant ___________________

4 Reinforcement placed as per drawings/ specifications ___________________ 3 All supports, jacks, props, and cross braces fixed are as per specs & to the consultants approval ___________________

5 Tie rods, if any, fixed to consultants approval ___________________ 4 Floor levels checked and maintained as in drawings ___________________

6 Approval for reinforcement prior to closing of formwork ___________________ 5 Shuttering/Form work properly checked for alignment and firmness ___________________

7 Form work checked for firmness, plumb and supports as per approved shop dwg ___________________ 6 Supports of formwork as per approved shop drawings ___________________

8 Check type of finish required and the forms accordingly ___________________ 7 All the necessary ducts, openings, concrete stops considered ___________________

9 Cover to reinforcement is satisfactory. Spacer blocks adequately placed ___________________ 8 Release agent applied to formwork/shuttering ___________________

10 Starter bars are cleaned and overlap satisfactory ___________________ 9 Reinforcement placed as per drawings and specifications ___________________

11 Laitance at construction joints removed and joint cleaned ___________________ 10 All required dowels for shafts, parapets, columns etc.. are placed ___________________

12 Approval from consultant to proceed with casting ___________________ 11. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
12 Shuttering/ formwork sufficiently wet prior to casting. ___________________
Remarks: 13 Necessary sleeves & conduits installed prior to casting ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 14 Necessary approval from consultant taken prior to pouring ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
15 Authority (CED) approval obtained prior to pouring ___________________
Checked by:
Remarks:
Civil Works ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ Checked by:

Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

100 101
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

REINFORCED CONCRETE WATER TANKS CHECKLIST WATER PROOFING CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others): Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N Material to be used : ________________________________________________________________________________
Material Approval Number : ________________________________________________________________________________
1 All the materials (Concrete, reinforcement steel, etc.)
comply with the project specifications ___________________ Activity/Item: Y/N
2 All the materials are approved by the consultant ___________________ 1 All materials are complying with the project specifications ___________________
3 All supports, jacks, props, and cross brackets are fixed as per specs & to the consultants approval ___________________ 2 All materials are approved by Consultant ___________________
4 Levels checked and maintained as in drawings ___________________ 3 Surface preparations are completed and approved ___________________
5 Form work checked for alignment, firmness, leakages and cleanliness. 4 Services entries are prepared as required for waterproofing ___________________
Formwork/false work supports as per approved shop drawings ___________________
5 Primer applied and dried completely ___________________
6 All the necessary ducts, openings, concrete stops considered ___________________
6 Filleting of internal angles completed ___________________
7 Release agent applied to formwork/shuttering ___________________
7 Water proofing membrane installed according to method statement ___________________
8 Reinforcement placed as per drawings and specifications ___________________
8 Junction with service openings is as required ___________________
9 Openings for manholes considered ___________________
9 Water proofing of pile caps completed ___________________
10. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
10 Protection board, screed installed after approval ___________________
11 All required dowels for shafts, parapets, columns etc.. are placed ___________________
11 Approval obtained for backfilling from consultant ___________________
12 Type of finishes required are checked ___________________
12 MEP work coordinated prior to placing of water proofing ___________________
13 Necessary approval from consultant taken prior to pouring ___________________
13 Necessary approval from consultant taken prior to pouring ___________________
14 Authority (CED) approval obtained prior to pouring ___________________
Remarks:
Remarks: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Checked by:

Civil Works Checked by:

Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

102 103
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

BACK FILL CHECKLIST BLOCK WORK CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):


Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N Activity/Item: Y/N
1 Sub-structure protection carried out and approved by consultant ___________________ 1 All materials are complying with the project specifications ___________________
2 Water proofing carried out as per specifications & approved ___________________ 2 All materials are approved by Consultant ___________________
3 Back fill material complies with project specifications ___________________ 3 Required tests are conducted to specified frequency ___________________
4 Back fill material approved by consultant ___________________ 4 Cleanliness ___________________
5 Back filling is done in specified no. of layers and in specified thickness ___________________ 5 Layout prepared considering all the joints and openings ___________________
6 Method of compaction as approved by consultant, and test results recorded ___________________ 6 Insulation, reinforcement, accessories are in place ___________________
7 Final levels checked and recorded ___________________ 7 Mortar mixed as specified ___________________
8 Approval to proceed with further works obtained from consultant ___________________ 8 Blocks wet before placing ___________________
9 MEP work coordinated prior to placing water proofing ___________________ 9 Each course checked for alignment and verticality ___________________
10. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
Remarks: 11 Number of courses as specified ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 12 All joints properly filled and pointed/flush as specified ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 13 Wall anchorages checked (where required) ___________________

Checked by: 14 Approval obtained from consultant to proceed with works ___________________

Civil Works
Remarks:
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
MEP Works ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Checked by:

Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

104 105
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

PLASTERING CHECKLIST ROOF WATER PROOFING CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):


Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N
1 All materials comply with the project specifications ___________________ Activity/Item: Y/N
2 All the materials and fixtures approved by Consultant ___________________ 1 Materials comply with project specifications ___________________
3 Preliminary MEP works complete ___________________ 2 Method Statement & Materials approved ___________________
4 Plaster accessories are fixed to consultant approval ___________________ 3 Roof is cleaned, all loose materials removed ___________________
5 Concrete surfaces sand/grit blasted to achieve required roughness 4 Primer laid to approval ___________________
or approved coating sprayed prior to plastering ___________________
5 Liquid Membrane / sheeting laid to manufacturer instructions ___________________
6 Block work applied with scratch coat at least 24 hours prior to plastering ___________________
6 Laps, Fillets and flashing checked ___________________
7 Level pads fixed, considering the specified minimum thickness of plaster ___________________
7 Flood test complete to approval, procedure and results recorded ___________________
8 Mortar homogenously mixed by mechanical mixers to required specification ___________________
8. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
9 All timber and steel frames fixed prior to plaster ___________________
9 All necessary guarantees recorded ___________________
10 Surfaces wet prior to plaster ___________________
10 Necessary approvals taken prior to commencing of tile works or other protective works ___________________
11 Mortar consumed before initial set ___________________
12 Surfaces checked for allowed tolerance ___________________ Remarks:
13 Surfaces roughened where tiles are applicable. ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
14 Approval obtained from consultant to proceed with works. ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Checked by:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
Checked by:
MEP Works
Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

106 107
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

SWIMMING POOL CHECKLIST CERAMIC TILES CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others): Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N
Activity/Item: Y/N
1 All materials comply with project specifications ___________________
1 All materials are complying with the project specifications ___________________
2 Method statements and water proofing system is approved by Consultant ___________________
2 All materials and method statements are approved by Consultant ___________________
3 Bottom slab levels are established considering the varying water levels ___________________
3 Layout of tiling prepared and approved ___________________
4 Water proofing is completed as specified and approved. ___________________
4. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
5 MEP works are completed as specified ___________________
6 All reinforcement, shutters and sleeves completed and approved ___________________
Floor
5 Water proofing checked and approved ___________________
7 Level of concrete established ___________________
6 Surface is free of oil ___________________
8 Plastering of Walls completed with approved waterproofing ___________________
7 Datum points are established under the supervision of site engineer ___________________
9 Ceramic tiles for deck completed with required slopes ___________________
8 All anchors, inserts are installed prior to tiling ___________________
10 Testing completed and approved, results recorded. ___________________
9 Tiles are immersed in water prior to placing ___________________
11 Necessary approval taken from consultant. ___________________
10 Spacers are used to assure uniform spacing between tiles ___________________
12 Authority (CED) approval obtained prior to pouring ___________________
11 Temperature for installations is as specified ___________________
Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Wall
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 12 Mortar consumed before initial set ___________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
13 Mortar is applied properly to avoid any hollowness beneath ___________________
Checked by: 14 Grout lines of wall tile match with that of floor tiles ___________________
Civil Works
Remarks:
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
MEP Works ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
Checked by:

Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

108 109
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

MARBLE / GRANITE CHECKLIST ALUMINIUM CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________ Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________

Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others): Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N Activity/Item: Y/N
1 All materials comply with the project specifications ___________________ 1 All materials comply with project specifications ___________________
2 All materials and Method Statement approved ___________________ 2 All materials and samples are approved by the Consultant ___________________
2 All the concerned MEP works are complete ___________________ 3 All the openings for doors & windows are as per the measurement forwarded for fabrication ___________________
3 FLOORING 4 All units received from the workshop have QC passed tag ___________________
a. Levels / Datum established ___________________ 5 Plaster works completed and approved ___________________
b. Workface of tiles, pattern etc. considered ___________________ 6 All gaps are properly sealed ___________________
c. Compact mortar ensured below the tiles ___________________ 7 Drainage (if applicable) is provided for bottom members ___________________
d. Mortar consumed before initial set ___________________
8 All the fittings are in good conditions ___________________
e. Grouting if any, completed to approvals ___________________
9. MEP works completed and clearance obtained ___________________
f. Protection coat applied to approval ___________________
10. Testing is complete and approved. ___________________
g. Protection of tiles against damage ensured ___________________
11. Necessary approval taken from consultant. ___________________
4 CLADDING
Remarks:
a. Line level and verticality checked and established ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
b. Approved metal clamps are securely fixed in position ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
c. Work face and patterns as specified ___________________
d. Protective coat (if any) applied ___________________ Checked by:

Civil Works
Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
Checked by:

Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

MEP Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

110 111
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

PAINTING (METAL SURFACEs) CHECKLIST PAINTING (CONCRETE/PLASTER SURFACEs) CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________
Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others):
Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, others): ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Activity/Item: Y/N
Activity/Item: Y/N 1 All materials comply with project specifications ___________________
1 All materials comply with project specifications ___________________ 2 Method statements is approved by Consultant ___________________
Surface Preparation
2 Method statements is approved by Consultant ___________________
3 Fresh surface cured for 21 days (applicable to new coating only) ___________________
SURFACE PREPARATION 4 Moisture level as per manufacturers recommendations ___________________
3 Surface free from dust, unstable matters, grease or oil ___________________ 5 Surface free from algae, unstable matters, grease or oil ___________________
4 Sweep blasting done satisfactorily ___________________ 6 Surface cleaned/scrubbed to receive primer coats ___________________
5 Surface cleaned/scrubbed to receive primer coats ___________________ 7 Sweep blasting done satisfactorily ___________________
PAINT PREPARATION 8 Substrate hairline cracks patched ___________________
6 Name, color and type of paint inspected and conform to specifications ___________________ 9 Type of stopper or filler used for deep holes or shallow depressions checked ___________________
7 Thinning ratio and mix ratio (correct proportioning) in accordance to manufacturers recommendations ___________________ Paint Preparation
8 Paint used is within pot life ___________________ 10 Name, color and type of paint inspected and conform to specifications ___________________
PAINTING ENVIRONMENT 11 Thinning ratio and mix ratio (correct proportioning) in accordance to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
12 Paint used is within pot life ___________________
9 Surrounding temperature and relative humidity is checked to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
Painting Environment
10 Environment conditions (no strong wind, free from dust or pollutants) observed ___________________ 13 Surrounding temperature and relative humidity is checked to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
11 Adequate ventilation and lighting provided ___________________ 14 Environment conditions (no strong wind, free from dust or pollutants) observed ___________________
PAINT APPLICATION 15 Adequate ventilation and lighting provided ___________________
12 No. of coats and location of application checked ___________________ Paint Application ___________________
13 Parts not to be painted (if any) protected prior to commencement of works ___________________ 16 No. of coats and location of application checked ___________________
14 Surface clean and dry ___________________ 17 Parts not to be painted (if any) protected prior to commencement of works ___________________
15 Surface temperature checked to manufacturers recommendations ___________________ 18 Surface clean and dry ___________________
16 Clean application tools are used ___________________ 19 Surface temperature checked to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
20 Clean application tools are used ___________________
17 Painting frequency, interval and wet film thickness to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
21 Painting frequency, interval and wet film thickness to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
18 Process of application complies with approved submission ___________________
22 Process of application complies with approved submission ___________________
19 Drying time is checked ___________________
23 Drying time is checked ___________________
20 Lab test results submitted ___________________ Final
Final 24 Completed painting works protected ___________________
21 Completed painting works protected ___________________ 25 Color, gloss and texture (if required) checked as per approved sample ___________________
22 Color, gloss and texture (if required) checked as per approved sample ___________________ 26 Adhesion checked as per approved sample ___________________
23 Adhesion checked as per approved sample ___________________ 27 Necessary approvals obtained from consultant ___________________
24 Necessary approvals obtained from consultant ___________________
Remarks:
Remarks: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Checked by:
Checked by: Civil Works
Civil Works Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
112 113
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists SECTION 7 : QC Checklists

PAINTING (TIMBER SURFACEs) CHECKLIST FALSE CEILING CHECKLIST


Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________ Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________
Consultant : _____________________________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________
Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, Others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, Others):
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity/Item: Y/N ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1 All materials comply with project specifications ___________________ Activity/Item: Y/N
2 Method statements is approved by Consultant ___________________
Surface Preparation 1 All materials comply with the project specifications ___________________
3 Surface free from algae and unstable matters ___________________ 2 All materials and method statements are approved by the Consultant ___________________
4 Moisture level checked to manufacturers recommendations ___________________ 3 Setting out of all points is completed ___________________
5 Surface cleaned/scrubbed to receive primer coats ___________________
4 All MEP services are installed and checked ___________________
6 Substrate imperfections treated ___________________
7 Type of stopper or filler used for deep holes or shallow depressions checked ___________________ 5 Positioning of service outlets in grid is completed ___________________
Paint Preparation 6 MEP works are tested before start of ceiling works ___________________
8 Name, color and type of paint inspected and conform to specifications ___________________ 7 Line and Level of installed grid checked ___________________
9 Thinning ratio and mix ratio (correct proportioning) in accordance to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
10 Paint used is within pot life ___________________ 8 Alignment of Ceiling tiles completed and approved. ___________________
Painting Environment 9 Necessary approvals obtained from consultant ___________________
11 Surrounding temperature and relative humidity is checked to manufacturers recommendations ___________________ 10. Authority (CED) approval for steel structure obtained ___________________
12 Environment conditions (no strong wind, free from dust or pollutants) observed ___________________
13 Adequate ventilation and lighting provided ___________________ Remarks:
Paint Application ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
14 No. of coats and location of application checked ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
15 Parts not to be painted (if any) protected prior to commencement of works ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
16 Surface clean and dry ___________________
17 Surface temperature checked to manufacturers recommendations ___________________
18 Clean application tools are used ___________________ Checked by:
19 Painting frequency, interval and wet film thickness to manufacturers recommendations ___________________ Civil Works
20 Process of application complies with approved submission ___________________
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
21 Drying time is checked ___________________
22 Lab test results submitted ___________________ MEP Works
Final
23 Completed painting works protected ___________________ Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________
24 Color, gloss and texture (if required) checked as per approved sample ___________________
25 Adhesion checked as per approved sample ___________________
26 Necessary approvals obtained from consultant ___________________

Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Checked by:
Civil Works
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________

114 115
SECTION 7 : QC Checklists Appendix I : Relevant ASTM Standards

* The two digits after the dash denote the year of publication; a denotes a
FALSE CEILING CLOSURE CHECKLIST revision in the year of publication; a date in brackets indicates the year in which
Project : ___________________________________________________________________________________________ the standards was last reapproved without change.
Client : _____________________________________________ Insp. No. : _____________________________
Project Manager : _____________________________________________ Date : _____________________________ A. Cement
Consultant : _____________________________________________ C91-01 Spec. for Masonry Cement
Contractor : _____________________________________________ Location : _____________________________ C109-01 Test for compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars
Sub-Contractor : _____________________________________________ Element : _____________________________ (Using 2-in. or 50-mm Cube Specimens).
C115-96a Test for Fineness of Portland Cement by the turbid meter
Reference Documents (Specifications, Drawings, Others): C150-0 Spec. for Portland cement
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ C151-00 Test for Autoclave Expansion of Portland cement
Activity/Item: Y/N C186-98 Test for Heat of Hydration of Hydraulic Cement
A) Civil
C191-01a Test for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle
1 Closure of all extra openings provided in Slabs/Walls is completed ___________________
2 Inspection for Civil/Structural works cleared by the CED ___________________ C204-00 Test for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by Air Permeability
3 Foam application completed around duct/pipe penetrations and between
Apparatus
pipe & sleeve for non fire rated walls ___________________ C230-98 Spec. for Flow Table for Use in Tests of Hydraulic Cement
4 All open ends of unused pipes/conduits are closed ___________________
C243-85 (1989) Test for Building of Cement Pastes and Mortars (discontinued)
5 Treatment of concrete faces (if any) completed ___________________
C266-99 Test for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement Paste by Gillmore
B) MEP Needles
1 MEP services above false ceiling have been completed in all respects ___________________
C430-96 Test for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 45 (No. 325)
2 Pressure tests for all piping services completed. ___________________
Sieve
3 Final adjustments of heights for services completed. ___________________
4 All the nuts of thread rods have been tightened ___________________
C452-95 Test for Potential Expansion of Portland Cement Mortars
Exposed to Sulfate
5 Cut edges of thread rods have been painted with galvanization paint. ___________________
6 All services have been cleaned and painted ___________________ C595-02 Spec. for Blended Hydraulic Cements
7 Drawings are updated to AS Built Status ___________________ C845-96 Spec. for Expansive Hydraulic Cement
8 Identification of Services completed ( i.e. direction arrows etc.) ___________________
C917-98 Test for Evaluation of Cement Strength Uniformity from a
Single Source
Remarks:
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ C989-99 Spec. for Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag for Use in
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Concrete and Mortars
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ C1012-95a Test for Length Change of Hydraulic Cement Mortars Exposed
to a Sulfate Solution
Checked by: C1157-00a Performance Specification for Hydraulic Cement
Civil Works C1240-01 Spec. for Silica Fume for Use as a Mineral Admixture in
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ Hydraulic- Cement Concrete, Mortar, and Grout
MEP Works C 979-99 Spec. for Pigments for Integrally Colored Concrete
Name: _____________________ Position: ___________________ Signature: _________________ Date: ______________ C 1017-98 Spec. for Chemical Admixtures for Use in Producing Flowing
Concrete

116 117
Appendix I : Relevant ASTM Standards Appendix I : Relevant ASTM Standards

B. Admixtures C 586-99 Test for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Carbonate Rocks for
C 260-01 Spec. for Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete Concrete Aggregate (Rock Cylinder Method)

C 311-00 Tests for Sampling and Testing Fly Ash or Natural Pozzolans C 682-94 Evaluation of Frost Resistance of Coarse Aggregates in Air-
for Use as a Mineral Admixture in Portland-Cement Concrete Entrained Concrete by Critical Dilation Procedures

C 494-99a Spec. for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete C 1105-95 Test for Length Change of Concrete Due to Alkali-Carbonate
Rock Reaction
C 618-01 Spec. for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan
for Use as a Mineral Admixture in Portland Cement Concrete C 1137-97 Test for Degradation of fine Aggregate Due to Attrition
E11-87 Spec. for Wire-Cloth Sieves for Testing Purposes

C. Aggregate
C 29-97 Test for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate D. Concrete

C 33-01a Spec. for Concrete Aggregate C 31-00 Marking and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Filed
C 40-99 Test for Organic Impurities in Fine Aggregate for Concrete C 39-01 Test for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete
Specimens
C 70-94 (2001) Test for Surface Moisture in Fine Aggregate
C 42-99 Test for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed
C 87-83 (1995) Test for Effect of Organic Impurities in Fine Aggregate on Beams of Concrete
Strength of Mortar
C 78-00 Test for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam
C 88-99a Test for Soundness of Aggregate by Use of Sodium Sulfate or with third-Point Loading)
Magnesium Sulfate
C 94-00 Spec. for Ready-Mixed Concrete
C 117-95 Test for Materials Finer than 75 (No.200) Sieve in Mineral
Aggregate by Washing C 116-90 Test for Compressive Strength of Concrete Using Portions of
Beams Broken in flexure (discontinued)
C123-98 Test for Lightweight Particles in Aggregate
C125-00a Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
C 131-01 Test for Resistance to Degradation of Small- Size Coarse
Aggregate by Abrasion and Impact in the Los Angeles C 138-01a Test for Density (Unit Weight), Yield, and Air Content
Machine (Gravimetric) of Concrete
C 227-97a Test for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Cement Aggregate C 143-00 Test for Slump of Hydraulic Cement Concrete
Combinations (Mortar-Bar Method)
C289-01 Test for Potential Alkali- Silica Reactivity of Aggregate C 156-98 Test for Water Retention by Concrete Curing Materials
(Chemical Method)
C 157-99 Test for Length Change of Hardened Hydraulic-Cement
C 294-98 Descriptive Nomenclature for Constituents of Natural Mineral Mortar and Concrete
Aggregate
C 171-97a Spec. for Sheet Materials for Curing Concrete
C 295-98 Guide for Petrographic Examination of Aggregate for Concrete
C 173-01 Test for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Volumetric
C 330-00 Spec. for Lightweight Aggregate for Structural Concrete Method
C 331-01 Spec. for Lightweight Aggregate for Concrete Masonry Units C 192-00 Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the
C 332-99 Spec. for Lightweight Aggregate for Insulating Concrete Laboratory
C 441-97 Test for Effectiveness of Mineral Admixtures of Grounds Blast- C 215-97 Test for Fundamental Transverse, Longitudinal and Torsional
Furnace Slag in Preventing Excessive Expansion of Concrete Frequencies of Concrete Specimens
Due to the Alkali Silica Reaction C 231-97 Test for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure
C 566-97 Test for Total Evaporable Moisture Content of Aggregate by Method
Drying C 232-99 Test for Bleeding of Concrete
118 119
Appendix I : Relevant ASTM Standards Appendix I : Relevant ASTM Standards

C 293-00 Test for Flexural Strength of concrete (Using Simple Beams C 873-99 Test for Compressive Strength of Concrete Cylinders Cast in
with Center-Point Loading) Place in Cylindrical Moulds
C 309-98a Spec. for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds for Curing C 878-95a Test for Restrained Expansion of Shrinkage-Compensating
Concrete Concrete
C 403-99 Test Time of Setting of Concrete Mixtures by Penetration C 900-01 Test for Pullout Strength of Hardened Concrete
Resistance C 918-97 Test for Developing Early-Age Compression Test Values and
C 418-98 Test for Abrasion Resistance of Concrete by Sandblasting Projecting Later-Age Strength
C 457-98 Test for Microscopical Determination of Parameters of the Air- C 944-99 Test for Abrasion Resistance of Concrete or Mortar Surfaces by
Void System in Hardened Concrete the Rotating-Cutter Method
C 469-94 Test for Static Modulus of Elasticity and Poissons Ratio of C 1038-01 Test for Expansion of Portland Cement Bars Stored in Water
Concrete in Compression C 1074-98 Estimating Concrete Strength by the Maturity Method
C 170-98 Spec. for Molds for Forming Concrete Test Cylinders C 1084-97 Test for Portland-Cement Content of Hardened Hydraulic-
Vertically Cement Concrete
C 196-96 Test for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete C 1138-97 Test for Abrasion Resistance of Concrete (Underwater
Specimens Method)
C 512-87 (1994) Test for Creep of Concrete in Compression C 1150-96 Test for the Break-Off Number of Concrete
C 531-00 Standard Test Method for Linear Shrinkage and Coefficient C 1152-97 Test for Acid-Soluble Chloride in Mortar and Concrete
of Thermal Expansion of Chemical-Resistant Mortars, Grouts,
and Monolithic Surfacings C 1202-97 Test for Electrical Indication of Concretes Ability to Resist
Chloride Ion Penetration
C 567-00 Test for Unit Weight of Structural Lightweight Concrete
C 597-97 Test for Pulse Velocity through Concrete
C 617-98 Capping Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
C 642-97 Test for Specific Gravity, Absorption, and Voids in Hardened
Concrete
C 666-97 Test for Resistance of Concrete to Rapid Freezing and
Thawing
C 671-94 Test for Critical Dilation of concrete Specimens Subjected to
Freezing
C 672-98 Test for Scaling Resistance of concrete Surfaces Exposed to
Deicing Chemicals
C 684-99 Making, Accelerated Curing, and Testing of Concrete
Compression Test Specimens
C 685-01 Spec. for Concrete Made by Volumetric Batching and
Continuous Mixing
C 779-00 Test for Abrasion Resistance of Horizontal concrete Surfaces
C 803-97 Test for Penetration Resistance of Hardened Concrete
C 805-97 Test for Rebound Number of Hardened Concrete
C 856-95 Petrographic Examination of Hardened Concrete

120 121
Appendix II : Relevant European and British Standards

BS EN denotes a European Standard adopted as a British Standard


BS denotes a British Standard
ISO denotes a Standard of the International Standards Organisation
The date in brackets indicates the year in which the standard was confirmed.

A. Cement
BS EN 196-1:1995 Methods of testing cement: Determination of
strength
BS EN 196-2:1995 Methods of testing cement: Chemical analysis of
cement
BS EN 196-3:1995 Methods of testing cement: Determination of setting
time and soundness
BS EN 196-5:1995 Methods of testing cement: Pozzolanicity test for
Pozzolanic cement
BS EN 196-6:1992 Methods of testing cement: Determination of
fineness
BS EN 196-7:1992 Methods of testing cement: Taking and preparing
sample
BS EN 196-21:1992 Determination of the chloride, carbon dioxide and
alkali content of cement
BS EN 197-1 2000 Cement-composition, specifications and conformity
criteria: Common cements
BS EN 197-2 2000 Cement - conformity evaluation
BS EN 450:1995 Fly ash for concrete - Definitions, requirements and
quality control
BS EN 12878:1999 Pigments for the colouring of building materials based
on cement and/or lime. Specifications and methods
of test
BS 12:1996 Spec. for Portland cement
BS 146:1996 Spec. for Portland-blast furnace cement
BS 915-2:1972(1983) Spec. for high alumina cement
BS 1370:1979 Spec. for low heat Portland cement
BS 3892:1:1997 Spec. for pulverized-fuel ash for use with Portland
cement
BS 4027:1996 Spec. for sulphate-resisting Portland cement
BS 4246:1996 Spec. for high slag blast furnace cement
BS 4248:1974 Spec. for super sulphated cement
BS 4550:3:1978 Methods of testing cement: physical tests

122 123
Appendix II : Relevant European and British Standards Appendix II : Relevant European and British Standards

BS 4550:3.4:1978 Strength tests BS EN 933-2: 1996 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
BS 4550:3.8:1978 Test for heat of hydration Determination of particle size distribution. Test sieves,
nominal size of apertures
BS 6610:1996 Spec. for pozzzlanic pulverized-fuel ash cement
BS EN 933-3: 1997 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
BS 6588:1996 Spec. for Portland pulverized-fuel ash cement Determination of particle shape. Flakiness index
BS 6699:1992 (1998) Spec. for ground granulated blast furnace slag for BS EN 933-4: 2000 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
use with Portland cement Determination of particle shape. Shape index
BS EN 933-5: 1998 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
B. Admixtures Determination of percentage of crushed and broken
surfaces in coarse aggregate particles
BS EN 480:1997 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout. Test BS EN 933-6: 2001 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
methods Assessment of surface characteristics. Flow coefficient
BS EN 4934-2:2001 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout. Concrete of aggregates
admixtures BS EN 933-7: 1998 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
Definitions, requirements, conformity, marking and Determination of shell content. Percentage of shells
labelling in coarse aggregates
BS EN 934-4:2001 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout. Admixtures BS EN 933-8: 1999 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
for prestressing tendons. Definitions, requirements, Assessment of fines. Sand equivalent test
conformity, marking and labelling BS EN 933-9: 1999 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
BS EN 934-6:2001 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout. Sampling, Assessment of fines.
conformity control and accelerating admixtures Methylene blue test
BS 5075:1: 1982 Spec. for accelerating admixtures, retarding BS EN 933-10: 2001 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
admixtures and water reducing admixtures Assessment of fines.
BS 5075:2: 1982 Spec. for air-entraining admixtures Grading of fillers (air-jet sieving)
BS 5075:3: 1982 Spec. for super plasticizing admixtures BS EN 1097-1: 1996 Test for mechanical and physical properties of
aggregates. Determination of the resistance to wear
C. Aggregate (micro-Deval)
BS EN 1097-2: 1998 Test for mechanical and physical properties of
BS EN 932-1:1997 Tests for general properties of aggregates. Methods aggregates. Methods for the determination of
for sampling resistance to fragmentation
BS EN 932-2:1999 Tests for general properties of aggregates. Methods BS EN 1097-3: 1998 Test for mechanical and physical properties of
for reducing laboratory samples aggregates. Determination of loose bulk density and
BS EN 932-3:1997 Tests for general properties of aggregates. Procedure voids
and terminology for simplified petrographic description BS EN 1097-4: 1999 Test for mechanical and physical properties of
BS EN 932-5:2000 Tests for general properties of aggregates. Common aggregates. Determination of the voids of dry
equipment and calibration compacted filler
BS EN 932-6: 1999 Tests for general properties of aggregates. Definitions BS EN 1097-5: 1999 Test for mechanical and physical properties of
of repeatability and reproducibility aggregates. Determination of the water content by
drying in a ventilated oven
BS EN 933-1: 1997 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates.
Determination of particle size distribution. Sieving BS EN 1097-6: 2000 Test for mechanical and physical properties of
method aggregates. Determination of particle density and
water absorption
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Appendix II : Relevant European and British Standards Appendix II : Relevant European and British Standards

BS EN 1097-7: 1999 Test for mechanical and physical properties of BS 812:112:1990 (2000) Method for determination of aggregates impact value
aggregates. Determination of particle density of filler. (AIV)
Pyknometer method BS 812:113:1990 (2000) Method for determination of aggregates abrasion
BS EN 1097-8: 2000 Test for mechanical and physical properties of value (AAV)
aggregates. Determination of the polished stone BS 812:117:1988 (2000) Method for determination of water-soluble chloride
value salts
BS EN 1097-9: 1998 Test for mechanical and physical properties of BS 812:118:1988 (2000) Method for determination of sulphate content
aggregates. Determination of the resistance to wear
by abrasion from studded tyres. Nordic test BS 812:121:1989 (2000) Method for determination of soundness
BS EN 1367-1:2000 Test for thermal and weathering properties of BS 812:123:1999 (2000) Method for determination of alkali-silica reactivity.
aggregates. Determination of resistance to freezing Concrete prism method
and thawing BS 812:124:1989 (2000) Method for determination of frost heave
BS EN 1367-2:1998 Test for thermal and weathering properties of BS 882:1992 Spec. for aggregates from natural sources for
aggregates. Magnesium sulphate test concrete
BS EN 1367-3:2001 Test for thermal and weathering properties of BS 3797: 1990 (1996) Spec. for lightweight aggregates for masonry units
aggregates. Boiling test for Sonnenboard basalt and structural concrete
BS EN 1367-4:1998 Test for thermal and weathering properties of
aggregates. Determination of drying shrinkage
D. Concrete
ISO 565-1990* Test sieves: metal wire cloth, perforated metal plate
and electroformed sheet: nominal sizes of openings BS EN 206-1:2000 Concrete. Specification, performance, production
and Conformity
ISO 6274-1982* Concrete: sieve analysis of aggregates
BS EN 678:1994 Determination of the dry density of autoclaved
BS 410-1-1986 (2000) Spec. for test sieve of metal wire cloth aerated Concrete
BS 410-2-1986 (2000) Spec. for test sieve of perforated metal plate BS EN 679:1994 Determination of the compressive strength of
BS 812:2:1995 Methods for determination of physical properties autoclaved aerated concrete
BS 812:101:1994 (2000) Guide to sampling BS EN 680:1994 Determination of the drying shrinkage of autoclaved
aerated concrete
BS 812:102:1989 Methods for sampling
BS EN 12350-1:2000 Testing fresh concrete. Sampling
BS 812:103.1:1985 (2000) Sieve tests
BS EN 12350-2:2000 Testing fresh concrete. Slump test
BS 812:103.2:1989 (2000) Sedimentation test
BS EN 12350-3:2000 Testing fresh concrete. Vebe test
BS 812:104:1994 (2000) Method for qualitative and quantitative petrographic
examination of aggregates BS EN 12350-4:2000 Testing fresh concrete. Degree of compactability
BS 812:105.1:1989 (2000) Flakiness index BS EN 12350-5:2000 Testing fresh concrete. Flow table test
BS 812:105.2:1990 (2000) Elongation index of coarse aggregate BS EN 12350-6:2000 Testing fresh concrete. Density
BS 812:106:1985 (2000) Method for determination of shell content in coarse BS EN 12350-7:2000 Testing fresh concrete. Air contents. Pressure
aggregates Methods
BS 812:109:1990 (2000) Method for determination of moisture content BS EN 12504-1:2000 Testing concrete in structures. Cored specimens.
BS 812:110:1990 (2000) Method for determination of aggregates crushing Taking, examining and testing in compression
value (ACV) BS EN 12504-2:2001 Testing concrete in structures. Non-destructive testing.
BS 812:111:1990 (2000) Method for determination of ten per cent fines value Determination of rebound number
(TFV) BS 1305: 1974 Spec. for batch type concrete mixers (obsolescent)
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Appendix II : Relevant European and British Standards Appendix II : Relevant European and British Standards

BS 1881: 5: 1970 Methods of testing hardened concrete for other than BS 1881: 208: 1996 Recommendations for the determination of the initial
strength surface absorption of concrete
BS 1881: 102: 1983 Method for determination of slump BS 1881: 209: 1990 Recommendations for measurement of dynamic
BS 1881: 103: 1993 Method for determination of compacting factor modulus of elasticity

BS 1881: 104: 1983 Method for determination of Vebe time BS 3148: 1980 Test for water for making concrete (including notes on
the suitability of the water)
BS 1881: 105: 1984 Method for determination of flow
BS 6089: 1981 Guide to assessment of concrete strength in existing
BS 1881: 106: 1983 Method for determination of air content of fresh structures
concrete
BS 7542: 1992 Test for curing compounds for concrete
BS 1881: 108: 1983 Method for making test cubes from fresh concrete
BS 8007: 1987 Code of practice for design of concrete structures for
BS 1881: 110: 1983 Method for making test cylinders from fresh concrete retaining aqueous liquids
BS 1881: 111: 1983 Method of normal curing of test specimens (200C BS 8110: 1: 1997 Structural use of concrete: code of practice for design
method) and construction
BS 1881: 112: 1983 Methods of accelerated curing of test cubes BS 8550-1:2002 Concrete. Complementary British Standard to BS EN
BS 1881: 113: 1983 Method for marking and curing no-fines test cubes 206-1. Method of specifying and guidance for the
specifier
BS 1881: 115: 1986 Spec. for compression testing machines for concrete
BS 8550-2:2002 Concrete. Complementary British Standard to BS EN
BS 1881: 116: 1983 Method for determination of compressive strength of 206-1. Specification for constituent materials and
concrete cubes concrete.
BS 1881: 117: 1983 Method for determination of tensile splitting strength
BS 1881: 118: 1983 Method for determination of flexural strength
BS 1881: 119: 1983 Method for determination of compressive strength using
portions of beams broken in flexure (equivalent cube
method)
BS 1881: 121: 1983 Method for determination of static modulus of
elasticity in compression
BS 1881: 122: 1983 Method for determination of water absorption
BS 1881: 124: 1988 Method for analysis of hardened concrete
BS 1881: 127: 1990 Method for verifying the performance of a concrete
cube compression machine using the comparative
cube test
BS 1881: 128: 1997 Method of analysis of fresh concrete
BS 1881: 131: 1998 Method of using cement in a reference concrete
BS 1881: 201: 1986 Guide to the use of non-destructive methods of test
for hardened concrete
BS 1881: 203: 1986 Recommendations for measurement of velocity of
ultrasonic pulses in concrete
BS 1881: 207: 1992 Recommendations for the assessment of concrete
strength by near-to-surface tests

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