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My question
Does increased mass affect the flight time of the

Identify the causes and effects

Causes Effects
(IVs and CVs) (DVs)

Length of wings CV Flight time DV

Increased mass (paper Number of rotations

clip) IV

Decrease mass paper

DV=Dependent variable
clip) CV

Release height CV

Shape, angle of wing CV

Different release angle CV

Length of body CV

Increase in scale CV

Change the material CV

environment CV

IV= Independent Variable

CV=controlled variable
Change Increasing the mass of the helicopter
Measure The flight time of the helicopter

Keep all WHAT HOW

else the Decrease mass

(paper clip)
Length of body
variable Length of wings

Increase in scale

Shape and angle of


Change the material

Different release


Release height

Hypothesis If IV then DV because

IF If the mass of the helicopter is
Mention IV, what youre changed
OR whats different
THEN Then the flight time will change
Mention DV, what youre

BECAUSE Because the more mass added to the

Why I think it will happen helicopter, the stronger the
gravitational force or normal force
will be, resulting in a faster flight
time for the helicopter with the

Research Question
DOES increased mass affect the flight time
of a helicopter?

Materials and Equipment

What did you use? How many? Laptop for stopwatch
How much? Paper helicopter

Paper clips (3)

Ruler to accurately
measure release height

List the steps you will 1. Create helicopter as per
use to test your instructed
Include/mention 2. Measure to the 1m release
variables, materials and height using a ruler
the number of times the
test will be conducted. 3. Access timer on laptop and ask a
partner to press go when ready

4. Release helicopter whilst being


5. Record your data

6. Repeat this process, adding one

paperclip every time, until three
paperclips have been added

7. Examine data and conclude

Safety Audit
How can we work safely? How can we prevent damage to people, place and
Risk Management
Falling off the chair 1. Get a partner to brace chair

Getting a paper cut 2. Acknowledge the risk and be

Cutting yourself with scissors
3. Use scissors appropriately and

Design a table to record your results. Graph your data where appropriate.
DV Y-axis
IV X-axis

How could your experiment be improved (for fairness, accuracy, safety)? Give 3
ways and explain. AND/OR
How could your experiment be modified to test another hypothesis?
To improve the accuracy of the experiment and results, the release height of the
helicopter could be changed from one metre to two metres. This would improve the
experiment because the results would have ended up being in the seconds not
milliseconds, resulting in easier graphing and recording, but also in easier analysis.
Another main source of error was that for measuring the release height of the helicopter,
the test was made inaccurate, due to the fact that when the release height of the
helicopter was measured, it was brought away from the wall, resulting in a significant
change of the release height.

What was your hypothesis? Do the results support your hypothesis? Can you
explain the relationships, patterns or trends in your results? Use scientific ideas to
help explain what happened.
The hypothesis was supported by the results as it predicted that the helicopter
with the three paperclips (the most) would have the fastest flight time, and it was
correct. Analysis of the data revealed that the trend or pattern that occurred
during the test, was that the more paperclips that were add, the faster flight time
of the helicopter. The hypothesis explained that the more mass added to the
helicopter, the more gravitational pull or normal force it would have. This would
be a valuable explanation as to why the helicopter with the three paperclips, hit
the ground the fastest. This evaluation can be proved in my data as the fastest
time was the helicopter with three paperclips with a time of 799milliseconds
whereas the helicopter with no paperclips had a flight time of 914milliseconds.
This is a difference of 115milliseconds.