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The CASL

Safety
Manual
Jeffrey P. Tamayo
University Researcher
What is a safety manual?
Why do we need to develop a safety
manual?
What are the elements of a safety
manual?
How to prepare a safety manual?
Chemical Safety Manual
Guidebook for safety in the workplace

Concerned with:
Health of the workers
Safety of the workers
Safety of the community
Safety of the Environment
Chemical Safety Manual
Present information, standards, rules and
guidelines to be observed to prevent
injuries
Guidelines for safe laboratory practices
A set of safety programs that have been
selected based upon the hazards present
at an employers or users worksite
Chemical Safety Manual
The Essentials
Administrative practices-organizational
policies

Operational practices-work practices


Engineering controls-ventilation, barriers
Elements

Elements of a Safety Manual


Introduction
Safety Policy
Objectives of the Manual
Roles and Responsibilities
Compliance with regulations
General Laboratory Safety
Elements

Elements of a Safety Manual


Hazard Communication
Training
Labelling
SDS (MSDS)
Working with Chemicals
Hazardous Chemical Waste Management
Hazard Control Measures
Laboratory equipment
Elements

Elements of a Safety Manual


Laboratory closeout and clearance to
work procedures
Inspections and Incidents
Emergency Procedures
References
Appendices
Elements

Safety Policy
Show commitment from management/
administration
Inform stakeholders on how safety will be
managed
Should no be complicated
Reviewed and assessed regularly
General and specific
Safety Policy

The CASL Safety Policy


Inrecognition of the Occupational Safety
and Health Standards, THE Central
Analytical Services Laboratory of UPLB-
BIOTECH commits to provide a safe
atmosphere for its employees, customers,
and the community. The safety program is
established to protect not only the
employees and facilities but also the
environment.
Elements

Objectives of the Manual


Stated goals or objectives that will
promote safe workplace and work
conditions; prevent injuries; provide
training to understand hazards
Objectives

CASL Manual Objectives


The CASL safety manual is intended to be
part of the laboratorys safety references. This
is to be used and supplemented, as needed,
by the Principal Investigator (PI) and the
Safety and Health Officer or any of the
employee/ member of the safety and Health
committee.
It is the responsibility of the PI to review the
manual and develop a complete Chemical
Hygiene Plan for providing safety information
and training to employees.
Elements

Roles and Responsibilities


Consider organizational structure
Evaluate their functions in relations to
complying with the safety policy
Elements

Roles and Responsibilities


Regulatory compliance should be
incorporated in the safety manual
Consider national and local legislations on
Fire Safety
Use of Chemicals
Hazardous waste disposal
Human health/ Exposure limits
Environmental monitoring
Roles

Roles and Responsibilities of


the CASL staff
The CASL/EMSL Safety and Health
Committee (SHC) is charged by the Head
Chemist of The Central Analytical Services
Laboratory and Head of the Electron
Microscopy Service Laboratory to
formulate policy and procedures related
to the use of hazardous chemical agents
and materials.
Roles

Ultimate responsibility for the safe conduct of research


involving hazardous materials rests with the Head
Chemist or Principal Investigator (PI). The PI will:
monitor daily operations of the laboratory
inform / train persons who enter the laboratory
and document the training for each person who
works in the lab.
ensure that laboratory workers understand and
follow the Chemical Safety Manual and any other
laboratory specific safety procedures
maintain a proper inventory and storage of
chemicals and hazardous materials
determine the required level of protective apparel
and equipment for a given procedure and insure
proper protective equipment is used
Roles

The PI will:
ensure that laboratory equipment is adequate for
any material being ordered and that training is
conducted on the hazards associated with the
use of any material
establish written operation and decontamination
procedures
establish emergency procedures and train all
workers on emergency response
ensure good housekeeping and chemical /
biological hygiene practices are maintained in the
laboratory and that it is kept free from clutter and
debris
Roles

The PI will:
conduct regular laboratory safety and
housekeeping inspections, including routine
inspections of emergency equipment
report accidents and any other incident
involving spill / release, injury, exposure, etc.
following University policies
arrange for immunizations and/or health
surveillance of laboratory personnel if
deemed appropriate for the research project
Roles

The Safety and Health Officer


will:
monitor compliance with The University
safety practices and procedures
regarding chemical and hazardous
materials
work with staff to develop and implement
appropriate safety practices and policies
ensure that safety audits are performed
periodically and that results are reported
to the responsible parties
Roles

The Safety and health Officer will:

provide consultation to Head Chemist on


matters relating to laboratory safety,
appropriate handling and containment of
hazardous materials, decontamination
and disposal of hazardous wastes
serve as liaison between the University
and other safety officers among BIOTECH-
UPLB regarding issues, concerns and
policies in the handling of hazardous
materials and overall safety.
Safety Officer will:
Prepare minutes of meetings
Reports status of recommendation
Notify meetings
Submit to Head chemist report of activities
Be the Adviser on all HS matters
Conduct health and safety training
programs
Safety Officer will:
Maintain or help in the maintenance of
efficient accident record and
coordinates action taken
Provide assistance to government
agencies during inspection, accident
investigations and other programs
Roles

The laboratory worker will:


follow all safety and health procedures in the
Chemical Safety Policy and any procedures
developed by the faculty supervisor in the
laboratory
complete required health and safety training
sessions.
wear all required personal protective equipment
and develop good personal laboratory safety
habits
report accidents, injuries and unsafe conditions to
the PI or the Safe and Health Officer
Elements

General Laboratory Safety


Personal Health and Hygiene
Housekeeping
Proper Laboratory Apparel
Food, Drink, and Smoking in the Laboratory
Visitors and Minors in the Laboratory
Experimental Planning and Hazard Management
Off-hours work practices
Working Alone
Unattended Operations
Utility Shutdowns
Housekeeping

Keep work area neat and free of any unnecessary objects

Thoroughly clean lab. work


space at the end of lab.
work
Do not block the sink drains
with debris
Never pour chemical waste
in to the sink drains
Place chemical waste in
appropriately labeled waste
containers
Properly dispose of broken
glasswares
Keep drawers of cabinets
closed to avoid unnecessary
hazards
Hazard Mgt.

Be sure that you are informed about the hazards that you
encounter in the laboratory.
Hazard Mgt.

Be aware of emergency protocols.


Hazard Mgt.
Lab Safety Begins Before You
Go to the Lab!
Alwaysread through the lab instructions
before doing any laboratory work

Ask
any questions you may have
concerning the lab BEFORE you begin.
Elements

Working with Chemicals


Highly Toxic Chemicals
Flammable and combustible liquids
Highly reactive and Explosive chemicals
Corrosives
Compressed Gases
Cryogenic Liquids
Transporting Chemicals
Working w/ Chemicals
40

Chemical Storage
General Considerations:
Avoid storing liquid chemicals above eye level.
Avoid storing chemicals in aisle ways.
Avoid over stocking shelves.
Avoid storing heavy containers above shoulder
level.
Avoid storing chemicals in fume hoods or on counter
tops.
Avoid storing chemicals near sources of heat or in
direct sunshine.
Elements

Hazardous Chemical Waste


Management
Highly Toxic Chemicals
Flammable and combustible liquids
Highly reactive and Explosive chemicals
Corrosives
Compressed Gases
Cryogenic Liquids
Transporting Chemicals
Waste Mgt.

Hazardous Chemical Waste


Management
Documented through the BIOTECH
Occupational Safety and Health program
Classification of hazardous wastes listed
under the Classification of prescribed
Hazardous wastes (HW) under the
Procedural Manual Title III of DAO 92-29
Hazardous Waste Management
Elements

Emergency Procedures
Technical Emergencies
Chemical spills
Fire and Explosion
Compressed Gas Leaks
Medical Emergencies
Cuts
Burns
Seizures
Natural
Earthquake
Flood
Typhoon
Fire is the most potentially devastating
emergency in the laboratory. It is imperative that
you know how to prevent fires and be prepared to
respond should a fire occur.
Preventing fires. Use of flammable solvents is a
primary cause of lab fires. Always follow these
prudent practices:
Use the smallest quantities of flammable
solvents practicable
Separate flammable solvents from sources of
ignition.
Located outside CASL,
arrow points to the wide
quadrangle field

Located inside CASL,


Near storage room
Points to the window
Beside exhaust fan
Inside CASL,
Adjacent to COD
Points to the window
Beside exhaust fan
Inside Inst.
room,
window
Emergency procedures: Major lab fire
Follow these immediate
procedures in case of a major lab
fire:
Alert people to evacuate the area.
Activate nearest fire alarm or call for
emergency response.
Close lab doors to confine fire.
Have a person who is
knowledgeable about the lab and
the incident ready to assist
emergency personnel.
Key elements of the OSHA standards:
1. You must receive adequate training
in working with hazardous
chemicals.
2. Material Safety Data Sheets must be
made available to you.
3. You must be informed of hazardous
chemicals present in your work area
and of operations in which they are
4. You should know how to detect the
involved.
presence or release of a hazardous
5. You must be provided personal
chemical.
protective equipment and engineering
controls.
6. You must know the proper
procedures for responding to
emergencies.
MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheets


Another important reference for
health and safety information is the
Material Safety Data Sheet, or MSDS.
A Material Safety Data Sheet is
prepared for each chemical by its
manufacturer. It describes the
physical and chemical properties of
the product, the health hazards, and
appropriate emergency response
procedures. And, it can tell you of
acute and chronic effects that can
be caused by exposure to
hazardous chemicals.
Elements

Hazard Control Measures


Administrative
Safe Work Procedures
Training
Engineering controls
Fumehoods
Other Laboratory Ventilation
Emergency Showers and Eyewash Stations
Fire Suppression System or Fire Extinguishers
Personal Protective Equipment
Safe Lab Practices

Learnthe location and proper usage of the


eyewash fountain, fire extinguisher, safety
shower, fire alarm box, office intercom
button, evacuation routes, clean-up brush
and dust pan, glass/chemical
disposal.
Numbers

Emergency numbers
Elements

Laboratory Equipment
Glassware
Electrical Equipment
Vacuum Pump Systems
Heat Sources
Heating mantles
Oil and water baths
Ovens and furnaces
Refrigerators and Freezers
Decontamination of Laboratory Equipment
Elements

Laboratory Close-out & Clearance


to Work Procedures
Laboratory Close-out formal
deactivation of a laboratory to assure
safety of the space for renovation, further
cleaning or occupancy
For areas of highly dangerous activities
clearance must be obtained from the
institution and/or concerned regulatory
bodies
Elements

Inspections and Incidents


Inspection
Audits
Accident and incident reporting
Healthy and Safety concerns
Elements

References
General References
Material Safety Data Sheet WWW sites
Lab Chemicals, Compressed Gases,
Photographic Chemicals
Consumer and Proprietary Products
Manufacturer Glove Selection Guides
Elements

Appendices
Some Laboratory Chemicals by
compatibility group
Common Chemical Specific
Incompatibilities
Chemical Laboratory Safety Inspection
Checklist
Injury/Incident Report Form
Hazard classes
Common MSDS terms
Forms
Forms
Forms

CASL Safety Training


MSDS MSDS
No specific format.
Types of information typically provided:
Chemical name
Chemical supplier
Composition and ingredients information
Potential health effects
Exposure levels, with specific concentrations and
times
First Aid Procedures
Fire fighting procedures
Accidental release procedures
Handling and storage procedures
Recommended personnel protection
Physical and chemical properties
Stability and reactivity
Toxicological information
Environmental impact
Disposal Recommendations
Transportation information
Regulatory information
PPE - Many Gloves for different Applications

Natural Polyvinyl Polyvinyl


Nitrile Neoprene
Rubber Alcohol Chloride (PVC)
(PVC)

Leather Anti-vibration
Cotton Wire mesh Kevlar Welding
Which Glove is the Best?
Glove Uses
Cotton Light duty material handling and cleanup work

Leather Equipment handling, general construction, heavy


cleanup, welding, moderately hot or cold material
handling
Shock absorbing Operating rotary hammers and other vibrating
equipment
Kevlar or Wire Work with sheet metal, glass, or heavy cutting
mesh These gloves Do Not provide puncture protection

Rubber, nitrile, Chemical gloves must be chosen for the specific


neoprene, PVC, chemical being used
PVA and other
synthetics
Insulated Extreme high and low temperatures