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Hadley McCausland

Mrs. Lark

HIST 134

2 April, 2017

Hellenistic Food and Mixing of Cuisines

It is quite interesting to think about what people in ancient times

were eating. When we study history we usually divide it into a couple

categories such government, religion, politics, and art. Daily cuisine

seems to be left out! Food is such an important factor of history.

Without it, there wouldnt be history! It can point us in so many

directions. Such as which area traded with another. After learning so

much about the Mediterranean, this topic about Hellenistic cuisine

jumped right out at me.

After the reign of Alexander the Great cultures throughout

Europe began to mix significantly. Greece culture was introduced all

throughout the land he dominated. This changed many aspects of daily

life to local people such as language, religion, art, and even the food

they eat! Hellenistic cuisine was heavily influenced by Greek, Persian,

and Macedonian culture.

Typical foods eaten daily by the Greek include bread made from

barley, olives, cheeses, wine, and fruits (Kotsiris). It wasnt until the

Hellenistic area that indigenous ingredients start to play a role. It is

worth pointing out that two centuries later the availability of a great
selection of herbs and spices became available to new European

culture(Kavroulaki). The Greeks ate significantly less meat than they

do today. Fruits and vegetables were the main staple in Greece.

Typically vegetables were served as soups or mashed. Also, they used

a lot of lentils. When it comes to fish and meat it usually depends on

the household. Meat was eaten by wealthier individuals. However, the

famous Spartan soldiers ate black soup made from pigs feet and

blood. They survived off of a gruley diet. Maybe that is what made

them so strong! The archives at the major ancient Persian cities

contain names of many food products, ingredients, beverages, herbs,

spices and wine, an important ceremonial and religious drink. Basil,

mint, cumin, cloves, saffron and coriander were traded along with olive

all over the ancient trade routes. The Parthian and the Sasanian

records mention walnut, pistachio, pomegranate, cucumber, broad

bean, pea and sesame in their trade records. The ancient physicians

influenced by the Greek sciences considered food and beverages

important factors to revive the body (Price).

Greek culture spread all of the Mediterranean during the

Hellenistic era. The people adopted culture and art as well as food!

People were being introduced to the Greek way of eating. As well as

tying in their own traditions in Macedonia and Persia. Life in the

Mediterranean would be very different today if it wasnt for the spread

of Greek culture.
Works Cited

"Ancient Greek Cuisine." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Mar. 2017. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

Kavroulaki, Mariana. "GOING HELLENISTIC." History of Greek Food. N.p., 06 Jan. 2014.

Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

Kotsiri, Kenton. "Eat Like an Ancient Greek -- Learn About Their Meals." The Spruce. N.p.,

n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

Price, Massoume. "::| Culture of IRAN |:: Persian Cuisine, a Brief History." ::| Culture of IRAN

|:: Persian Cuisine, a Brief History. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.