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NEPALESE CIVIL AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS

SECTION C

MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS
CHAPTER C.1 ISSUE 2
SEPTEMBER 1996

MAINTENANCE OF AIRCRAFT
1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 This chapter prescribes the Airworthiness standards applicable to the maintenance of
all Nepalese aircraft and to components of such aircraft. Other chapters prescribe
additional standards applicable to particular types or groups of aircraft, aircraft
components or aircraft systems.

1.2 Each person or organization performing maintenance shall ensure that:

a) All work is done in a suitable premises including hanger and workshop


accommodation, appropriate to the aircraft and aircraft components to be
maintained.
b) For each aircraft there shall be an approved Maintenance Schedule which shall
detail all maintenance to be performed on the aircraft, and the aircraft shall be
maintained in accordance with this Maintenance Schedule.
Note : Where additional maintenance instructions have been prepared in compliance with the
standards of Chapter C.14 and C.15 following, these shall be incorporated into the
Maintenance Schedule.
c) All work is done in such a manner, and all materials used are of such a quality, that
the condition of the aircraft or aircraft component concerned will be at least equal
to its original or properly modified condition in respect of aerodynamic function,
structural strength, resistance to vibration and deterioration, and other qualities
affecting Airworthiness.

1.3 Each operator of an air transport aircraft shall ensure that his aircraft are maintained
by an approved organization in accordance with an approved Operator's Maintenance
Procedure Manual as specified in Part I of Annex 6 to the Convention. The
Maintenance Schedule should form part of the Operator's Maintenance Procedure
Manual.

1.4 Damage and defects occurring between scheduled periodic maintenance shall be
rectified before the next flight, except that :

(a) Rectification of minor damage or defects may be deferred if an approved


organization or person appropriately licensed or approved by the Director
General is satisfied by inspection that Airworthiness is not impaired and issues a
Certificate of Compliance to that effect.

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(b) An aircraft may fly with specified components or systems unserviceable in
accordance with the provisions of an approved Minimum Equipment List, until
such time as the aircraft returns to base, makes a scheduled stop at an outstation
with the capability of rectifying the unserviceable components or systems, or the
approved time limit specified in the Minimum Equipment List has expired, and
(c) A damaged or defective aircraft may be flown to a place where the damage or
defects can be rectified provided a Permit to Fly has been granted and provided
an approved organization or person appropriately licensed or approved by the
Director General issues a Certificate of Fitness for Flight, no passengers or
cargo unconnected with the purpose of the flight are carried, and the flight crew
consist only of persons authorized to fly the aircraft under the conditions
applicable to aircraft flying with a Certificate of Fitness for Flight.

2. RESPONSIBILITY OF THE AIRCRAFT OPERATOR FOR MAINTENANCE

2.1 The person or organization operating an aircraft shall ensure that :

(a) It does not fly unless all maintenance prescribed in theses Requirements has been
completed and properly certified,
(b) It is maintained in accordance with an approved Maintenance Schedule and, if
used on air transport operations, in accordance with an approved Operator's
Maintenance Procedure Manual,
(c) If maintenance is performed outside Nepal, the applicable Maintenance Schedule,
Operator's Maintenance Procedure Manual and Nepalese Civil Airworthiness
Requirements are made available to persons or organizations performing the
maintenance,
(d) All required maintenance of equipment carried on the aircraft, additional to
equipment specified in the Type Certificate, is properly maintained in accordance
with the manufacturer's instructions and these Requirements.
Note: This may include safety equipment or equipment for aerial work.
(e) No maintenance is performed on the aircraft other than by an approved
organizations or persons appropriately licensed or approved by the Director
General,
(f) Permission is not given for unapproved modifications or repairs to be made to the
aircraft,
(g) All Airworthiness Directives (or equivalent mandatory instructions) are notified
promptly to the person or organization responsible for maintenance and are
implemented within the compliance time specified,
(h) Service Bulletins and equivalent newsletters from the manufacturers of the
aircraft or its components are evaluated by competent engineers and actioned as
necessary to ensure continued Airworthiness of the aircraft.

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3. MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS TO BE APPROVED

3.1 Maintenance shall be performed only by an organization approved for the purpose
except that :

(a) A pilot may perform pilot maintenance within the limitations prescribed in these
Requirements, and
(b) Minor maintenance to clear defects may be performed by an appropriately
licensed or approved person at an outstation.
Note 1: If the approved maintenance organization forms part of an iarcraft operator's
organization it shall only perform maintenance on aircraft or aircraft component as
detailed in its approved Operator's Maintenance Procedure Manual: if it is a separate it
shall perform maintenance on aircraft or aircraft component as detailed in its approved
Engineering Procedure Manual.
3.2 An operator proposing to send Nepalese aircraft or aircraft components for
maintenance to an organization in a foreign State, other than to the organization which
originally manufactured the aircraft or aircraft component, must obtain approval from
the Director General. The Director General may approve a foreign maintenance
organization to certify Nepalese aircraft or aircraft components or if the work is not
repetitive, may authorize the operator to contract maintenance work to an organization
which is not so approved. If an investigation of a foreign maintenance organization is
required prior to the grant of a Nepalese approval, the cost of the investigation must be
paid by the operator proposing to utilize the foreign organization.

3.3 An application for authority to contract maintenance to an organization in a foreign


State must be lodged with the Airworthiness Division, Aviation Safety Directorate,
Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal.

4. RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUPERVISING MAINTENANCE

4.1 All maintenance shall be performed by an approved organization under the supervision
of a person appropriately licensed or approved by the Director General. For each
aircraft undergoing maintenance one holder of a license valid in Categories 'A' and 'C'
or in two avionic categories, and rated for the aircraft type, shall be designated as
Maintenance Co-ordinator to supervise the maintenance work being carried out and be
responsible for issuing the Maintenance Release.

Note:- Approval for pilots to perform some minor maintenance tasks is given by provisions of these
Requirements.

4.2 The Maintenance Co-ordinator supervising maintenance shall :

a) ensure that the maintenance is done in accordance with The Rules and the
Nepalese Civil Airworthiness Requirements currently in force, and, unless
otherwise approved, conforms with the manufacturer's instructions given in the
maintenance manuals, repair manuals and Service Bulletins for the particular type
of aircraft or aircraft component,
b) familiarize himself from the appropriate logbooks and other records with the time
in service, maintenance history and modification state of the aircraft or component,
c) personally observe the work being done to the extent necessary to ensure that it is
being done properly and he shall be readily available in person for consultation with
those performing the work,
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d) ensure that the state of the work at the end of the shift is properly recorded and
communicated to the supervisor of the next shift, when the maintenance is
performed by people working in shifts, and
e) ensure that no person performing the maintenance works excessive hours so that
physical fatigue impairs his Airworthiness judgment or the quality of his work. No
person should perform maintenance work continuously for more than 12 hours in
any period of 24 hours.

5. PREMISES, TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

5.1 Hangers and workshops accomodation in which maintenance is performed shall be


maintained in a clean and tidy condition. No dirt, rubbish or dangerous combustible or
explosive materials shall be allowed to remain within premises where aircraft or aircraft
component maintenance is performed.
Note: The Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal prohibits to perform major maintenance by a person
or organization on the aircraft or aircraft components on ramp.
5.2 Aircraft and aircraft components, particularly when dismantled, shall be protected from
the deleterious effects of dust, rain or corrosive materials.
5.3 Equipment used for lifting or for maintenance work purposes, such as gantries, cranes,
ladders, stands and work platforms, shall be kept clean and in good repair and shall be
inspected regularly to ensure that they will not cause damage to aircraft or injury to
maintenance personnel.

5.4 Tools and test equipment used for aircraft maintenance shall be either those specified
by the manufacturer or equivalents equally satisfactory for the particular task.

5.5 Tools and test equipment shall be in such condition that they will perform their
designed functions satisfactorily. Precision tools, measuring equipment and test
apparatus shall be checked and calibrated periodically as recommended by the
manufacturers or as approved in the Operator's Maintenance Procedure Manual.
Records shall be kept of the checking and calibration of such tools and equipment.

6. MATERIALS AND AIRCRAFT COMPONENTS

6.1 Any materials used on an aircraft during maintenance, whether for repair or for
lubrication cleaning, sealing, painting, etc., shall conform to approved specifications.
The use of substitute materials is a modification and must be approved.

6.2 The operator shall ensure that any aircraft component fitted during maintenance
conforms to the approved type design or to approved modifications of that design. All
new or overhauled parts received by the operator shall be segregated in quarantine
store until their identify and condition is established. Airworthy parts only shall be
stored in a bonded store prior to issue for installation in an aircraft. Unserviceable parts
shall be clearly labelled and be segregated from parts in the quarantine or bonded store.

7. MODIFICATIONS AND REPAIRS

7.1 No Nepalese aircraft shall be modified or repaired except in accordance with the
approval procedures prescribed in these Requirements.

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7.2 After embodiment of a modification or completion of a repair, the Certificate of
Compliance shall not be issued until :
(a)Any necessary amendments to the Flight Manual and the Weight and Balance Data
have been completed,
(b) Any necessary amendments to the aircraft Maintenance Schedule or the
Operator's Maintenance Procedure Manual have been incorporated and
approved, and
(c)The certifying engineer has determined that the modification or repair considered
in relationship to previous modifications or repairs, will have no adverse effect
upon the Airworthiness of the aircraft.

8. CONCESSIONS

8.1 There shall be no departure from the Airworthiness Standards prescribed in these
Requirements, from the compliance times for the implementation of Airworthiness
Directives, or from the conditions, periods of certification, inspection times and finite
lives approved in a Maintenance Schedule or Operator's Maintenance Procedure
Manual except in accordance with a concession granted by the Director General or by
an authorized person.

8.2 If an operator or maintenance organization considers there are exceptional


circumstances which justify grant of concession, an application must be made to the
Airworthiness Division, Aviation Safety Directorate, Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal.

9. RECORDING AND CERTIFICATION

9.1 All maintenance on an aircraft or aircraft component shall be entered fully in the
appropriate aircraft, engine or propeller logbook, except that if the entry concerns
minor maintenance during operations or if it would be unduly voluminous, it may be
recorded on other documents as prescribed in Chapter C.2. All records of maintenance
shall be completed by issue of a Certificate of Compliance as prescribed in Chapter
C.2.

9.2 Maintenance performed on airborne equipment which is not an aircraft component as


defined in the Type Certificate, i.e. flotation equipment or aerial work equipment, shall
be recorded and certified as follows :

a) If it is ordinarily carried in the same aircraft, by entry in the aircraft logbook. It


shall be identified in the logbook by a serial number or by some means which
makes its identity unmistakeable, or
b) If it is from time to time transferred from one aircraft to another, by attachment of
a strong label which identifies the item, gives the date of the last inspection and
includes a properly issued Certificate of Compliance.
9.3 At periods approved in its Maintenance Schedule each aircraft shall be issued with a
Maintenance Release as prescribed in Chapter C.3.

10. AIRWORTHINESS SURVEILLANCE

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10.1 Aircraft and aircraft components undergoing maintenance, and their logbooks and other
maintenance records, shall be made available for inspection on request by an authorized
person of the Airworthiness Division.

10.2 If requested by the authorized person, the aircraft or aircraft component shall be
prepared to give access for inspection, and any tests required shall be performed in the
presence of the authorized person.

Note : Required tests may include engine running, landing-gear retraction, aircraft weighing or
compass swinging.

10.3 Aircraft undergoing flight test for issue or renewal of Certificate of Airworthiness or
after modification or repair for their approval, shall carry on board one authorized
persons of the Airworthiness Division. Any authorized person carried during a flight test
shall be provided with every reasonable opportunity to monitor all stages of the
performance and behavior of the aircraft.

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal.

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