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Quadratic Equations Shortcuts with

Examples

An equation in which the highest power of the variable


is 2 is called a quadratic equation.For example, the
equation of the type ax2+bx+c=0 denotes a quadratic
equation.
There are many ways for solving a quadratic equations
but while in exams we need a quick answer
so there is a shortcut method which used for solving a
quadratic equations in less time but before let me tell you
the most basic and accurate method which is used for it.

Solving Quadratic Equations

When we solved a quadratic expression or equation, it will


always gives two values of variable. these values are
called roots of the equation or expression.
1. By taking square roots or Factor Method
2. By Quadratic Formula
1. Factorization of Quadratic Equation
Condition for Factorization of a quadratic Equation

1. If b2 - 4ac > 0, then the quadratic equation can be


factorized.
2. If b2 - 4ac < 0, then the quadratic equation cannot be
factorized.
some basic formulas which used in while solving through
factorization method.
2. Quadratic Formula

Discriminant of ax2+bx+c = 0 is D = b2 - 4ac and the two


values of x obtained from a quadratic equation are called
roots of the equation which denoted by and sign.
For a quadratic equations ax2+bx+c = 0
If , are the roots of ax2 + bx + c = 0 then
= ( - b + b2 - 4ac ) /2a
= ( - b - b2 - 4ac ) /2a .
1. When D = 0 ,Both the roots will be real an equal ( a = b
) and rational.
2. When D > 0 but not perfect square then the roots will
be irrational, unequal and real .
3. When D > 0 and perfect square then the roots will be
rational, unequal and real .
4. When D < 0 imaginary roots
Example:
x2 - 4x + 3 = 0 ; a = 1, b= -4, c = 3
D = b2 - 4ac = (-4)2 -413 = 16-12 = 4 > 0 and also a
perfect square. So, the roots will be distinct rational
numbers.

Formulating a Quadratic Equation

when you have the roots and you need to make a


quadratic equation from that roots then formula that is
used = x2 - x (sum of the roots)+product of the roots = 0
Now let you have roots 2 and 3 then the quadratic
equation will be using formula( x2-x(sum of the
roots)+product of the roots = 0 ) is : x2 - (2+3)x + (32) =
0 ; x2-5x+6 = 0 .
Note:
A quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 will have
reciprocal roots, if a =c .
When a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 has one
root equal to zero, then c = 0.
When both the roots are equal to zero, b = 0 and c =0.
When the roots of the quadratic equation ax2+bx = c
are negative reciprocals of each other, then c = -a .
If they have both the roots common, then a/a1 + b/b1 +

c/c1.
The square root of any negative number will be an

imaginary number like -25 = (-1) 25 = -1 25 = 5i


Example :
Forming a quadratic equation whose roots are 3 and 5 and
verifying them.
the equation will be
x2 - sum of the roots x + products of the roots = 0
x2 - { 3+ (-5)}x + 3(-5) = 0
x2 - (-2)x+(-15) = 0 or x2 + 2x - 15 = 0
Verification : D = 4+ 60 = 64

Solving Quadratic Equation using shortcut techniques

Direction (1-3) : In each question, one or more equations


are provided. On the basis of these, you have to find out
relation between p and q.
Give answer (a) if p = q , Give answer (b) if p > q , Give
answer (c) if q > p , Give answer (d) if p q and give
answer (e) if q p .
Q1. (i) 4p2 - 5p +1 = 0 (ii) q2-2q+1 = 0
Sol :

Answer : (e)
Q2. (i) q2 - 11q + 30 = 0 (ii) 2p2 - 7p + 6=0
Sol:

Answer : (b)
Q3. (i) 6q2 + 1/2 = 7/2 q (ii) 12p2 + 2 = 10p
Sol:
(i) 6q2 + 1/2 = 7/2 q => 12q2 - 7q + 1 = 0
(ii) 12p2 + 2 = 10p => 6p2 - 5p + 1 = 0
Answer : (e)

Q4. x - 1/x = y, then x2 + 1 / x2 = ?


Sol:
Q5. If (x-1) and (x+1) be the sides (in cm) of a right
triangle, then the value of x is ?
Sol:
(H)2 = (P)2 + B)2
(x+1)2 = (x)2 + (x-1)2
x2+1+2x = x2 + x +1 - 2x
-x2 + 4x = 0
x=4
Q6. Two consecutive positive even integers whose
squares have the sum 164 are ?
Sol:
(x)2 + (x+2)2 = 164
x2+x2+4+4x = 164
2x2+4x+4-164 = 0
2(x2+2x-80) = 0
x2+2x-80 = 0
(x2+10-8x-80 = 0
(x-8) (x+10) = 0
x = 8 , x = -10
hence numbers 8 & 10.
Q7. The sum of two numbers is 15 and the sum of
their reciprocals is 3/10 then the numbers are ?
Sol:
x+y = 15
1/x + 1/y = 3/10
x = 15 - y
1/15-y + 1/y = 3/10
150 = 45y - 3y2
3y2 - 45y + 150 = 0
3(y2 - 15y +50 ) = 0
(y-10) (y-5) = y = 10 , y = 5.
Q8. If the length of a rectangle is square of the breadth
and area is 64 find the length ?
Sol:
Let Breadth = x, Length = x2
Area = x3
x3 = 64, x = 4 , B = 4, L = 16
Q9. If x2 + 1 / x2 = 102 , then the value of x - 1/x =?
Sol :
Q10. The sum of a number and its reciprocal is 17/4,
then the number is ?
Sol:

Q11. The hypotenus of a right angled triangle is 1 m


less than 2 times the smallest side. If the third side is
1 m more than the smallest then sides of the triangle
are ?
Sol :
B=x
H = 2x -1
P=x+1
( 2x - 1 )2 = x2 + ( x+ 1 )2
4x2 + 1 - 4x = x2 + x2 + 1 + 2x
4x2 + 1 - 4x = 2x2 + 2x +1
2x2 - 6x = 0
x = 3,
H = 2(3) - 1 = 5
P=3+1=4
Q12. The solution of 25-x2 = x-1 are
Sol:
Q13. If x - ax + 20 is exactly divisible by x-4 then a = ?
Sol :
x2- ax + 20
x- 4 ; x =4
(4)2 - a (4) + 20 = 0
16 - 4a + 20 = 0
-4a + 36 = 0
a = 36/ 4 = 9.
Shortcut Trick Approach for Quadratic
Equations Problems

Short Trick Method :

In each of these questions, two equations (I) and (II)


are given. You have to solve both the equations and
give answer

1) if x > y
2) if x < y
3) if x y
4) if x y
5) if x = y or relation cannot be established between 'x'
and 'y'.

I. 2x - 11x +12=0 , II. 2y-17y+36=0

Equation I :- 2x-11x+12=0

1. multiple X coefficient and constant term = 12 2= 24


2. Split X coefficient in order to get its sum is -11 and its
multiplication is 24. It's -8 and -3 .

3.Now change signs -8 = 8 and -3 = 3.

4. Divide these numbers with X coefficient 8/2 = 4 and 3/2


= 1.5

5. X1 = 4 ; X2 = 1.5

Equation II :- 2y-17y+36=0

It's also similar to equation I

1. multiple Y coefficient and constant term = 236 =72

2. Split X coefficient in order to get its sum is -17 and its


multiplication is 72. It's -9 and -8 .
3.Now change signs -9 = 9 and -8 = 8.

4. Divide these numbers with X coefficient 9/2 = 4.5 and


8/2 = 4 .

5. Y1 = 4.5 , Y2= 4

Compare X and Y values

Case 1 : X1(4)< Y1(4.5)


Case 2 : X1(4) = Y2(4)
Case 3 : X2(1.5) < Y1(4.5)
Case 4 : X2(1.5) < Y2 (4)

From above 4 Cases we can easily find out relation


between X and Y

Answer : X Y
Examples ::
Ques 1.

1.X 7X + 12 = 0 ; Y 11Y + 30 = 0

Solution :

Multiplication of X coefficient and constant 121 = 12


Spilt X coefficient 7 into its multiplication is 12 addition is -
7, we get -4 and -3
Change signs of of -4 & -3 , now its become 4,3
Divide these numbers with X coefficient 4/1 , 3/1
X=4,3

Multiplication of Y coefficient and constant 130 = 30


Spilt Y coefficient 11 into its multiplication is 30 addition is
- 11, we get -6 and -5
Change signs of of -6 & -5 , now its become 6,5

Y=6,5
x<y

Ques 2.

X + 9X + 20 = 0 ; Y + 5Y + 6 = 0

Solution :

From equation X+9X+20 =0


20 1= 20
9 = 5+4
X values -5/1 and - 4/1
X = -5, -4

From equation Y + 5Y + 6 = 0
61 = 6
5 = 3+2
Y values -3/1 and -2/1

Y = -3,-2
x<y

Ques 3.

5X 18X + 9 = 0 ; 20Y 13Y + 2 = 0

Solution :

59 = 45
- 18 = -15-3
X values -15/5 , -3/5
Change signs , X = 3 , 3/5

202=40
-13 = -8-5
Y values -8/20 , -5/20
Change signs = Y = 8/20 , 5/20
x>y

Note: By solving more problems using this method , You


can able to solve these type of problems without pen and
paper.