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Note: Use these aids at your own risk!

I built these design aids to help me grade 347, 444, and 446 exams. I would program
little bits and pieces of the analysis or design procedure, so that I could put in the
student's wrong moment, or wrong f'c, or whatever, and see if he had made any
further mistakes in his calculations.

The problem with this is that I often catch myself saving the errors back into the original spre

Thus, use this with extreme care. Use it for checking your work only. If your work and the
spreadsheet don't agree, see why before you think you are wrong. You very likely are not.

For some reason, Cell B39 in the Tension Wide Flanges sheet will not save.
Results seem good, but it barfs every time you try and save the entire spreadsheet.

L^3
s. I would program
ould put in the
had made any

back into the original spreadsheet!

y. If your work and the


You very likely are not.

tire spreadsheet.
NOT YET READY FOR PRIME TIME - USE AT YOUR OWN RISK
ENTER ONLY BOXED NUMBERS Name:
Design of Tension Members - Good for plates, angles, channels
Gross Section Yield:
Fyield = 100.00 ksi
Fultimate = 110.00 ksi
Agross = 4.50 in^2
t plate = 0.500 inches
Bolt d = 0.875 inches
Pnominal = 450.00 kips
Pultimate = 405.00 kips
Net Section Fracture:
# of holes vertically across END = 3 holes
# of holes vertically across 2nd line = 2 holes
# of hole spacings horizontally = 7 holes
Horizontal spacing = 1.20 inches (horizontal on sketch above)
Vertical Spacing (gage) = 1.25 inches (vertical on sketch above)
From center of end hole to end of plate 2.00 inches

Anet on end = 3.00 in^2


Anet next to end = 3.50 in^2
Anet on stagger = 2.58 in^2

Area gross tension = Agt = 2.50 in^2


Area net tension = Ant = 1.50 in^2
Area shear gross = Agv = 9.20 in^2
Area net shear = Anv = 5.70 in^2

7hole lines

7 holelines
OWN RISK
Tension Plates

Tension Plates
Input numbers in boxes only.
Name:
Width of plate = 9.00 in
Thickness of plate = 0.50 in
Number of holes parallel to load NL = 3 #
Number of holes across plate NS = 3 #
Bolt diameter = 0.875 in
True hole diameter = 0.938 in
Effective hole diameter = 1.000 in
Yield strength of steel Fy = 100 ksi
Ultimate strength of steel Fu = 110 ksi
Gross area = 4.50 in^2
Gross section yield = phiPn = 405.0 kips
Net tensile area = 3.00 in^2
Net section fracture = phiPn = 247.5 kips
s= 3.00 in
e= 1.50 in
X1 = 1.50 inches based on plate width and number of holes across plate.
X2 = 3.00 in
Block shear rupture terms: Bolt strength (per bolt): 27.1 kips
Agt area = 3.00 in^2 Total bolt shear strength = 243.9 kips
Ant area = 2.00 in^3 Total bolt bearing strength = 779.6 kips
Agv area = 7.50 in^4
Anv area = 5.00 in^5
Tension fracture term: FuAnt = 220 kips
Shear fracture term: 0.6FuAnv = 330 kips <--- Shear fracture controls
PhiPn (if tension fracture controls) = 503 kips but does not control
PhiPn (if shear fracture controls) = 473 kips <--- Controls

Page 7
Good for 4 or more lines of bolt holes in the connection.See Figure below.
Input boxed numbers only Name:
Fy = 36 ksi (Yield stress of steel)
Fu = 58 ksi (Ultimate stress of steel)
Ag = 9 in^2 (Gross area of angle)
dunconnected 23.7 in (Length angle leg sticks out from connection plane)
t= 0.43 in (Thickness of angle)
dconnected 7.04 in (Length of angle leg connected to plate)
tf = 0.59 in (Thickness of flange)
Bolt D = 0.625 in (Diameter of bolts)
x1 = 1.52 in (Distance from CL of hole to edge of W)
x2 = 0 in (Distance between lines of bolts)
s= 3.5 in (bolt spacing along lines of bolts)
e= 1.75 in (Distance from CL of first hole to end of W)
N= 4 Number of bolts in each line of bolts parallel to load
M= 4 Total number of bolt LINES in the connection.
xbar = 3.45 in (Dist from bottom of flange to cg of unconnected area)
T= 16 Total number of bolts in the connection.
H= 1 in (Effective hole diameter)
Compute gross section yield (GSY):
Pu = 0.9*Fy*Ag = 291.60 kips (Design load)
Compute net section fracture (NSF):
U= 0.671 1-xbar/L
Anet = 6.64 in^2
Pu = 0.75*U*Anet*Fu = 193.94 kips Equation - 0.75*U*Fu*Anet
Compute block shear rupture (BSR):
Agt = 3.59 Gross area in tension for BSR (in^2)
Agv = 28.91 Gross area in shear for BSR (in^2)
Ant = 2.41 Net area in tension for BSR (in^2)
Anv = 20.65 Net area in shear for BSR (in^2)
0.6FyAgv = 624.46 kips shear yield strength of block
FuAnt = 139.62 kips ultimate tensile strength of block
Rn if FuAnt>0.6FuAnv = 764.07 kips using equation Ru = 0.6FyAgv+FuAnt
0.6FuAnv = 718.62 kips ultimate shear strength of block
FyAgt = 129.14 kips yield tensile strength of block
Rn if FuAnt<0.6FuAnv = 847.76 kips using equation Rn = 0.6FuAnv+FyAgt
New code Rn limitation = 858.24 kips NEW LIMITATION using equation Ru = 0.6FuAnv+FuAnt
phi*Rn = 0.75 Rn = 635.82 kips - Final Block Shear Rupture answer
m connection plane)

o end of W)
ts parallel to load

g of unconnected area)

0.75*U*Fu*Anet

Smaller ultimate term


Eq. J4-3a
Larger ultimate term

Eq. J4-3b
on Ru = 0.6FuAnv+FuAnt
<-- THIS CELL WON'T SAVE - BE CAREFUL with result
Tension Capacity of W's and Tees cut from W's (Put in the W shape
Good for 4 or more lines of bolt holes in the connection.See Figure below.
Input boxed numbers only Name:
Fy = 50 ksi (Yield stress of steel)
Fu = 65 ksi (Ultimate stress of steel)
Ag = 18.32 in^2 (Gross area of wide flange)
d= 23.7 in (Depth of wide flange)
tw = 0.43 in (Thickness of web)
bf = 7.04 in (Width of flange)
tf = 0.59 in (Thickness of flange)
Bolt D = 0.625 in (Diameter of bolts)
x1 = 1.52 in (Distance from CL of hole to edge of W)
x2 = 0 in (Distance between lines of bolts)
s= 3.5 in (bolt spacing along lines of bolts)
e= 1.75 in (Distance from CL of first hole to end of W)
N= 4 Number of bolts in each line of bolts parallel to load
M= 4 Total number of bolt LINES in the connection.
xbar = 3.45 in (Dist from bottom of flange to cg of unconnected area)
T= 16 Total number of bolts in the connection.
H= 1 in (Effective hole diameter)
Compute gross section yield (GSY):
Pu = 0.9*Fy*Ag = 824.40 kips (Design load)
Compute net section fracture (NSF):
U= 0.671 1-xbar/L NO LONGER SHOULD BE <= 0.9
Anet = 15.96 in^2
Pu = 0.75*U*Anet*Fu = 522.41 kips Equation - 0.75*U*Fu*Anet
Compute block shear rupture (BSR):
Agt = 3.59 Gross area in tension for BSR (in^2)
Agv = 28.91 Gross area in shear for BSR (in^2)
Ant = 2.41 Net area in tension for BSR (in^2)
Anv = 20.65 Net area in shear for BSR (in^2)
0.6FyAgv = 867.30 kips shear yield strength of block
FuAnt = 156.47 kips ultimate tensile strength of block Smaller ultimate term
Rn if FuAnt>0.6FuAnv = 1023.77 kips using equation Ru = 0.6FyAgv+FuAnt Eq. J4-3a
0.6FuAnv = 805.35 kips ultimate shear strength of block Larger ultimate term
FyAgt = 179.36 kips yield tensile strength of block
Rn if FuAnt<0.6FuAnv = 984.71 kips using equation Rn = 0.6FuAnv+FyAgt Eq. J4-3b
New code Rn limitation = 961.82 kips NEW LIMITATION using equation Ru = 0.6FuAnv+FuAnt
phi*Rn = 0.75 Rn = 721.36 kips - Final Block Shear Rupture answer <-- THIS CELL WON'T SAVE
t in the W shape and read T answers under T's)

For T's:
412.2

0.671
7.98
261.20

1.794
14.455
1.204
10.325
433.65
Smaller ultimate term 78.23
511.88
Larger ultimate term 402.68
89.68
492.36
480.91
<-- THIS CELL WON'T SAVE - BE CAREFUL with 360.68
Bar Properties Name:

Bars Area (in^2)


1#6 0.44 For 60 ksi steel only:
1#7 0.6
1#8 0.79 f'c Beta1 rhomin rhomax rhobal m
2#6 0.88 3000 0.85 0.0033 0.0160 0.0214 23.53
2#7 1.2 4000 0.85 0.0033 0.0214 0.0285 17.65
3#6 1.32 5000 0.8 0.0033 0.0252 0.0335 14.12
2#8 1.58 6000 0.75 0.0033 0.0283 0.0377 11.76
4#6 1.76 7000 0.7 0.0033 0.0308 0.0411 10.08
3#7 1.8 8000 0.65 0.0033 0.0327 0.0436 8.82
5#6 2.2 9000 0.65 0.0033 0.0368 0.0490 7.84
3#8 2.37 10000 0.65 0.0033 0.0409 0.0545 7.06
4#7 2.4
6#6 2.64
5#7 3 For 40 ksi steel only:
7#6 3.08
4#8 3.16 f'c Beta1 rhomin rhomax rhobal m
8#6 3.52 3000 0.85 0.0050 0.0278 0.0371 15.69
6#7 3.6 4000 0.85 0.0050 0.0371 0.0495 11.76
5#8 3.95 5000 0.8 0.0050 0.0437 0.0582 9.41
9#6 3.96 6000 0.75 0.0050 0.0491 0.0655 7.84
7#7 4.2 7000 0.7 0.0050 0.0535 0.0713 6.72
10#6 4.4 8000 0.65 0.0050 0.0568 0.0757 5.88
6#8 4.74 9000 0.65 0.0050 0.0639 0.0852 5.23
8#7 4.8 10000 0.65 0.0050 0.0710 0.0946 4.71
11#6 4.84
12#6 5.28 Bar Nominal Code
9#7 5.4 Number Diameter Area
7#8 5.53 #3 0.375 0.11
13#6 5.72 #4 0.5 0.2
10#7 6 #5 0.625 0.31
14#6 6.16 #6 0.75 0.44
8#8 6.32 #7 0.875 0.6
11#7 6.6 #8 1 0.79
15#6 6.6 #9 1.128 1
16#6 7.04 #10 1.27 1.27
9#8 7.11 #11 1.41 1.56
12#7 7.2 #14 1.693 2.25
13#7 7.8 #18 2.257 4
10#8 7.9
14#7 8.4
11#8 8.69
15#7 9
12#8 9.48
16#7 9.6
13#8 10.27
14#8 11.06
15#8 11.85
16#8 12.64
Bar Area Bar Area Bar Area Bar Area Bar Area
1#3 0.11 8#5 2.48 20#5 6.2 10#10 12.7 7#18 28
1#4 0.2 23#3 2.53 4#11 6.24 13#9 13 18#11 28.08
2#3 0.22 2#10 2.54 8#8 6.32 22#7 13.2 23#10 29.21
1#5 0.31 13#4 2.6 5#10 6.35 17#8 13.43 13#14 29.25
3#3 0.33 24#3 2.64 21#5 6.51 6#14 13.5 19#11 29.64
2#4 0.4 6#6 2.64 11#7 6.6 23#7 13.8 24#10 30.48
4#3 0.44 25#3 2.75 15#6 6.6 11#10 13.97 20#11 31.2
1#6 0.44 9#5 2.79 3#14 6.75 14#9 14 14#14 31.5
5#3 0.55 14#4 2.8 22#5 6.82 9#11 14.04 25#10 31.75
1#7 0.6 5#7 3 7#9 7 18#8 14.22 8#18 32
3#4 0.6 3#9 3 16#6 7.04 24#7 14.4 21#11 32.76
2#5 0.62 15#4 3 9#8 7.11 15#9 15 15#14 33.75
6#3 0.66 7#6 3.08 23#5 7.13 25#7 15 22#11 34.32
7#3 0.77 10#5 3.1 12#7 7.2 19#8 15.01 23#11 35.88
1#8 0.79 2#11 3.12 24#5 7.44 12#10 15.24 16#14 36
4#4 0.8 4#8 3.16 17#6 7.48 10#11 15.6 9#18 36
8#3 0.88 16#4 3.2 6#10 7.62 7#14 15.75 24#11 37.44
2#6 0.88 17#4 3.4 25#5 7.75 20#8 15.8 17#14 38.25
3#5 0.93 11#5 3.41 13#7 7.8 16#9 16 25#11 39
9#3 0.99 8#6 3.52 5#11 7.8 4#18 16 10#18 40
5#4 1 6#7 3.6 10#8 7.9 13#10 16.51 18#14 40.5
1#9 1 18#4 3.6 18#6 7.92 21#8 16.59 19#14 42.75
10#3 1.1 12#5 3.72 8#9 8 17#9 17 11#18 44
2#7 1.2 19#4 3.8 2#18 8 11#11 17.16 20#14 45
6#4 1.2 3#10 3.81 19#6 8.36 22#8 17.38 21#14 47.25
11#3 1.21 5#8 3.95 14#7 8.4 14#10 17.78 12#18 48
4#5 1.24 9#6 3.96 11#8 8.69 8#14 18 22#14 49.5
1#10 1.27 4#9 4 20#6 8.8 18#9 18 23#14 51.75
12#3 1.32 20#4 4 7#10 8.89 23#8 18.17 13#18 52
3#6 1.32 1#18 4 15#7 9 12#11 18.72 24#14 54
7#4 1.4 13#5 4.03 9#9 9 24#8 18.96 14#18 56
13#3 1.43 7#7 4.2 4#14 9 19#9 19 25#14 56.25
14#3 1.54 21#4 4.2 21#6 9.24 15#10 19.05 15#18 60
5#5 1.55 14#5 4.34 6#11 9.36 25#8 19.75 16#18 64
1#11 1.56 22#4 4.4 12#8 9.48 5#18 20 17#18 68
2#8 1.58 10#6 4.4 16#7 9.6 20#9 20 18#18 72
8#4 1.6 2#14 4.5 22#6 9.68 9#14 20.25 19#18 76
15#3 1.65 23#4 4.6 10#9 10 13#11 20.28 20#18 80
16#3 1.76 15#5 4.65 23#6 10.12 16#10 20.32 21#18 84
4#6 1.76 3#11 4.68 8#10 10.16 21#9 21 22#18 88
3#7 1.8 6#8 4.74 17#7 10.2 17#10 21.59 23#18 92
9#4 1.8 8#7 4.8 13#8 10.27 14#11 21.84 24#18 96
6#5 1.86 24#4 4.8 24#6 10.56 22#9 22 25#18 100
17#3 1.87 11#6 4.84 18#7 10.8 10#14 22.5
18#3 1.98 16#5 4.96 7#11 10.92 18#10 22.86
10#4 2 25#4 5 25#6 11 23#9 23
2#9 2 5#9 5 11#9 11 15#11 23.4
19#3 2.09 4#10 5.08 14#8 11.06 24#9 24
7#5 2.17 17#5 5.27 5#14 11.25 6#18 24
11#4 2.2 12#6 5.28 19#7 11.4 19#10 24.13
5#6 2.2 9#7 5.4 9#10 11.43 11#14 24.75
20#3 2.2 7#8 5.53 15#8 11.85 16#11 24.96
1#14 2.25 18#5 5.58 3#18 12 25#9 25
21#3 2.31 13#6 5.72 20#7 12 20#10 25.4
3#8 2.37 19#5 5.89 12#9 12 17#11 26.52
4#7 2.4 6#9 6 8#11 12.48 21#10 26.67
12#4 2.4 10#7 6 21#7 12.6 12#14 27
22#3 2.42 14#6 6.16 16#8 12.64 22#10 27.94
Development lengths when spacing and cover requirements are met
Straight bar development (inches):
Fy = 40000 fc'
Bar Number Diameter 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000
#3 0.375 11.0 9.5 8.5 7.7 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.0
#4 0.5 14.6 12.6 11.3 10.3 9.6 8.9 8.4 8.0
#5 0.625 18.3 15.8 14.1 12.9 12.0 11.2 10.5 10.0
#6 0.75 21.9 19.0 17.0 15.5 14.3 13.4 12.6 12.0
#7 0.875 32.0 27.7 24.7 22.6 20.9 19.6 18.4 17.5
#8 1 36.5 31.6 28.3 25.8 23.9 22.4 21.1 20.0
#9 1.128 41.2 35.7 31.9 29.1 27.0 25.2 23.8 22.6
#10 1.27 46.4 40.2 35.9 32.8 30.4 28.4 26.8 25.4
#11 1.41 51.5 44.6 39.9 36.4 33.7 31.5 29.7 28.2
#14 1.693 61.8 53.5 47.9 43.7 40.5 37.9 35.7 33.9
#18 2.257 82.4 71.4 63.8 58.3 54.0 50.5 47.6 45.1

Fy = 60000 fc'
Bar Number Diameter 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000
#3 0.375 11.0 9.5 8.5 7.7 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.0
#4 0.5 14.6 12.6 11.3 10.3 9.6 8.9 8.4 8.0
#5 0.625 18.3 15.8 14.1 12.9 12.0 11.2 10.5 10.0
#6 0.75 21.9 19.0 17.0 15.5 14.3 13.4 12.6 12.0
#7 0.875 32.0 27.7 24.7 22.6 20.9 19.6 18.4 17.5
#8 1 36.5 31.6 28.3 25.8 23.9 22.4 21.1 20.0
#9 1.128 41.2 35.7 31.9 29.1 27.0 25.2 23.8 22.6
#10 1.27 46.4 40.2 35.9 32.8 30.4 28.4 26.8 25.4
#11 1.41 51.5 44.6 39.9 36.4 33.7 31.5 29.7 28.2
#14 1.693 61.8 53.5 47.9 43.7 40.5 37.9 35.7 33.9
#18 2.257 82.4 71.4 63.8 58.3 54.0 50.5 47.6 45.1
Hooked bar development lengths: Hook Dimensions
fc' (inches)
Bar Number 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 12*db x r
#3 5.5 4.7 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 4.5 2.5 1.5
#4 7.3 6.3 5.7 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 6.0 2.5 2.0
#5 9.1 7.9 7.1 6.5 6.0 5.6 5.3 5.0 7.5 2.5 2.5
#6 11.0 9.5 8.5 7.7 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.0 9.0 3.0 3.0
#7 12.8 11.1 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.8 7.4 7.0 10.5 3.5 3.5
#8 14.6 12.6 11.3 10.3 9.6 8.9 8.4 8.0 12.0 4.0 4.0
#9 16.5 14.3 12.8 11.6 10.8 10.1 9.5 9.0 13.5 4.5 5.6
#10 18.5 16.1 14.4 13.1 12.1 11.4 10.7 10.2 15.2 5.1 6.4
#11 20.6 17.8 16.0 14.6 13.5 12.6 11.9 11.3 16.9 5.6 7.1
#14 24.7 21.4 19.2 17.5 16.2 15.1 14.3 13.5 20.3 6.8 10.2
#18 33.0 28.5 25.5 23.3 21.6 20.2 19.0 18.1 27.1 9.0 13.5

fc'
Bar Number 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000
#3 8.2 7.1 6.4 5.8 5.4 5.0 4.7 4.5
#4 11.0 9.5 8.5 7.7 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.0
#5 13.7 11.9 10.6 9.7 9.0 8.4 7.9 7.5
#6 16.4 14.2 12.7 11.6 10.8 10.1 9.5 9.0
#7 19.2 16.6 14.8 13.6 12.5 11.7 11.1 10.5
#8 21.9 19.0 17.0 15.5 14.3 13.4 12.6 12.0
#9 24.7 21.4 19.1 17.5 16.2 15.1 14.3 13.5
#10 27.8 24.1 21.6 19.7 18.2 17.0 16.1 15.2
#11 30.9 26.8 23.9 21.8 20.2 18.9 17.8 16.9
#14 37.1 32.1 28.7 26.2 24.3 22.7 21.4 20.3
#18 49.4 42.8 38.3 35.0 32.4 30.3 28.5 27.1
Analysis of Singly Reinforced Concrete Beams - Updated to new code 7/28/97
Input values in the double outline box only.
Known: Fy, f'c, As, d/b. See next sheets for different unknowns.
Name:
Depth of beam to steel d = 42.00 inches
Width of beam b = 20.00 inches
Cover = 1.50 inches
Fy = 60 ksi
f'c = 3 ksi
Bar diameter = 1.00 inch
Number of bars used = 4 count

Beta1 = 0.85
Total steel area = As = 3.14 in^2
rho minimum permitted = 0.00333 no units
rho used = As/bd = ### no units
rho maximum permitted = ### no units
rho balanced = ### no units
Height of Whitney stress block = a = 3.70 inches
Dist from top of beam to NA = c = 4.35 inches
Tensile force in Steel = 188.5 kips
Compressive force in concrete = 188.5 kips

Design moment for beam = Mn = 630.7 kip ft


Allowed moment Mu = 504.6 kip ft
to new code 7/28/97
Design of Singly Reinforced Concrete Beams - Method 1 - Corrected phi = 0.8 on 6/26/97
Input values in boxes only. Name: Corrected wu = 1.2wdead + 1.6wlive on 6/26/97
Known: Moment, desired rho, and desired d/b ratio f'c = 3 ksi
Unfactored moment - Mu = 476.3 kip ft Fy = 60 ksi
Design Moment - Mn = 595.4 kip ft Beta1 (based on formula) = 0.85 no units
Rho balanced = 0.02138 no units WILL BARS FIT?
Rho max allowed = 0.01604 no units Cover = 1.50 inches
Rho you want to try = 0.00500 no units Stirrup size = 0.50 inches
Rho minimum allowed = 0.00333 no units Max number of bars in each row = 4 bars
Or rho minimum allowed = 0.00274 no units Resulting space between bars = 2.667 inches 1.000 inch minimum
m= 23.53 no units
Rn = 0.282 ksi Following applies ONLY if beam is uniformly loaded and supported as shown:
d/b ratio you want to try = 1.50 no units Simply As a cantilever
Exact value of b required = 22.40 inches Dead load = 8.00 0 k/ft (excluding beam weight)
Exact value of d required = 33.61 inches Live load = 14.00 0 k/ft
Exact value of As required = 3.76 inches^2 Length = 26.00 0 ft
Bearing Pad Width (inches) = 16.00 none inches
Bar size to be used = 8 # Factored load = 32 0 k/ft (excluding weight of beam)
Rounded value of b you want to try = 16 inches Maximum shear at pad face Vu = 373.3 0.00 kips (excluding weight of beam)
ounded total beam depth to try (h) = 42 inches Maximum factored moment Mu = 2426.7 0 k ft (excluding beam weight)
Stack bars how deep (number) = 1 bars deep Maximum design moment Mn = 3033.3 0.00 k ft (excluding beam weight)
CHECK Resulting d = 39.50 inches Beam would weigh = 0.700 0.700 k/ft (Weight of beam)
Your trial bar diameter = 1.000 inches Final total factored load = 32.84 0.84 k/ft (including beam weight)
Number of bars you wish to use = 4 bars Factored shear at pad face Vu = 383.1 0.00 kips (including beam weight)
Your real area of steel = 3.14 inches^2 Design shear at pad face Vn = 510.8 0.00 kips (including beam weight)
Your actual capacity Mu = 525.8 kip ft <----
--> Final moment required Mu = 2490.4 0.0 k ft (including beam weight)
Your actual Mn = 584.2 kip ft Final design moment Mn = 3113.0 0.0 k ft (including beam weight)
T-beam Analysis Corrected to new code 7/28/97
Input only those numbers in double outline box
f'c = 3 ksi
Fy = 60 ksi
Bar size number = 8 (#5? #8? #14?)
Number of bars used = 4 count (total number of bars)
d= 30.00 inches (Depth from top of beam to centroid of ste
bw = 6.00 inches (Width of web)
h= 24.00 inches (Total depth of T including cover)

Tee-beam is type (1,2,3): 1 1 = part of floor system, 2 = edge beam, 3 = isol


L= 378.00 inches (Length of T-beam)
Clear inside space = 30.00 inches (Minimum open space between two adjace
hf = 5.00 inches (Thickness of flange of T-beam - floor slab)
Actual flange width of T-beam = 20.00 inches (For isolated T-beams only)

For T-beams part of floor system:


be maximum? = 94.5 inches (based on L/4, ACI 8.10.2)
be maximum? = 86 inches (based on 8hf, ACI 8.10.2a)
be maximum? = 36 inches (based on 1/2 clear space, ACI 8.10.2b)
For T-beams with slab on one side only:
be maximum? = inches (based on L/12, ACI 8.10.3a)
be maximum? = inches (based on 6hf, ACI 8.10.3b)
be maximum? = inches (based on 1/2 clear space, ACI 8.10.3c)
For isolated T-beams:
be maximum? = inches (based on 4bw, ACI 8.10.4)
be maximum? = inches (based on actual width of flange)
MEETS MINIMUM SLAB THICKNESS FOR ISOLATED T-BEAM (ACI 8.10.4)

be = 36.00 inches (Effective flange width of T-beam)


Beta1 = 0.85
Total steel area = As = 3.14 in^2

SINCE a < hf, T-BEAM CAN BE ANALYZED AS A NORMAL BEAM

USE THE FOLLOWING NORMAL BEAM ANALYSIS:


NORMAL BEAM ANALYSIS ONLY:
rho minimum permitted = 0.00333 no units
rho used = As/bd = ### no units <---- UNACCEPTABLE!!
rho maximum permitted = ### no units
rho balanced = ### no units
Height of Whitney stress block = a = 2.05 inches
Dist from top of beam to NA = c = 2.42 inches
Tensile force in Steel = 188.50 kips
Compressive force in concrete = 188.50 kips
Design moment for beam Mn = 455.11 kip ft
Allowed moment Mu = 364.09 kip ft

DO NOT USE THE FOLLOWING T-BEAM ANALYSIS!!! USE NORMAL BEAM ANALYSIS ABOVE:
T-BEAM ANALYSIS ONLY:
a= -12.68 inches (Height of Whitney stress block)
phiMnflange = 8415.00 in kips (Moment provided by flange )
phiMnweb = -5640.10 in kips (Moment provided by web )
phiMn total = 231.24 kip feet (Total nominal moment from T-beam)
Minimum area of steel allowed in beam = 0.60 in^2
Amount of steel you propose = 3.14 in^2, which is ACCEPTABLE
Maximum area of steel allowed in beam = 7.67 in^2
of beam to centroid of steel)

T including cover)

m, 2 = edge beam, 3 = isolated

space between two adjacent webs)


ange of T-beam - floor slab)

ear space, ACI 8.10.2b)

ear space, ACI 8.10.3c)

l width of flange)

e width of T-beam)

ney stress block)


ed by flange )

moment from T-beam)


Analysis of Doubly Reinforced Concrete Beams
Input only those numbers in double outline box
Known: Fy, f'c, As, A's, d, d', b. Name:

Depth of beam to steel, d = 17.50 inches


Width of beam b, = 18.00 inches
Distance from top to top steel, d' = 2.50 inches
Fy = 60 ksi
f'c = 3 ksi
Top Bar diameters = 1.128 inches
Number of top bars used = 3 each
Bottom Bar diameters = 1.128 inches
Number of bottom bars used = 3 each

Top steel has not yielded. Use block on RIGHT!--


Use below only when top steel has yielded: ---------->
s1 (bottom steel to balance compression steel) = 2.87 in^2
As2 (remaining bottom steel) = 0.13 in^2
Height of Whitney Stress Block, a = 0.17 inches
Dist from top of beam to NA, c = 0.20 inches
Strain in top steel, e's = -0.0353 in/in
Predicted stress in top steel, f's = -1023.00 ksi
Design moment in beam Mn = 226.4 kip ft
Allowed moment Mu = 181.1 kip ft
rho minimum permitted = 0.0033 no units
rho minimum used = 0.0095 no units
rho maximum used = 0.0004 no units
rho maximum permitted = 0.0160 no units
rho balanced = 0.0214 no units
Beta1 = 0.85
Total top steel area = A's = 3.00
Total bottom steel area = As = 3.00 in^2

A in quadratic =
B in quadratic =
Use below only when top steel has NOT yielded: C in quadratic =
Dist from top of beam to NA, c = 3.26 inches
Height of Whitney Stress Block, a = 2.77 inches
Strain in top steel, e's = 0.000696 in/in
Predicted Stress in top steel, f's = 20.19 ksi
As1 (bottom steel to balance compression steel) = 0.88 in^2
As2 (remaining bottom steel) = 2.12 in^2
Mn1 (Mn in beam 1) = 66.09 kip ft
Mn2 (Mn in beam 2) = 170.57 kip ft
Allowed phiMn total = 189.33 kip ft
rho minimum permitted = 0.0033 no units
rho minimum used = 0.0095 no units
rho maximum used = 0.0067 no units
rho maximum permitted = 0.0160 no units
rho balanced = 0.0214 no units
39.015
###
###
Shear at pad face

Shears and moments on two-load concrete beams:


Answers are obtained by summing moments about Ra and assuming uniform pressure under pad width.

Factored loads:
Dead load (wdead) = 4.00 k/ft 5.60 k/ft Total factored load:
Dead load goes over full beam length = 18.00 ft 15.8 k/ft
Live load (wlive) = 6.00 k/ft 10.20 k/ft
Live load goes over left end = 18.00 ft
Width of bearing pads = 1.00 ft

Factored shear at left end = 126.4 kip


Factored shear at load change = -142.2
Factored shear at right end = -136.6 kip

Design shear at left face of support = 148.71


Design shear at load change = -167.29
Design shear at right face of support = -160.71

Drop rate of shear diagram on left end = 18.59 k/ft


Drop rate of shear diagram on right end = -6.59 k/ft

For a beam depth (top to steel) = d = 27.50 inches

Design shear at d from face of support:


On left end = 106.11 kips
On right end = -145.61 kips

Page 24
Revised to change Phi = 0.75 (4/6/97)
STIRRUP SPACING CALCULATIONS - Note restrictions below carefully:
You may input BOXED numbers only - Phi for shear set at 0.75
Stirrup bar size number = 4 <-- #3 or #4 stirrups only
f'c = 5 ksi Name:
Fy = 60 ksi
bweb = 12 width of web (inches)
d = 17.5 depth of beam to steel (inches)
Vu (Kips) = 90 kips of shear at face of support (from load man/RISA)
d0 = 72 inches to zero shear from face of support
df = 12 inches - pad width
Vn (kips) = 120.00 kips of shear at face of support (design shear)
Shear drop rate = -1.67 kips/inch including phi = 0.75
Vconcrete = 29.70 kips <--- 2*bw*d*f'c^0.5
(1/2)Vconc = 14.85 kips <--- Shear value where no stirrups required
Stirrups ARE REQUIRED at face of support. Continue below:
(Good for straight line shear diagrams ONLY!): <--------------------RESTRICTION
Stirrups are heavily loaded at face of support
Vmaxdesign = 90.83 kips of design shear @ d from face of support
Vforstirrups = 61.13 kips to be carried by stirrups
Max Spacing IF REQUIRED (take smallest listed below):
4.375 inches based on beam height
12 inches based on practical limits
6.87 inches based on stirrup strength
40.00 inches based on minimum steel ratio
At ANY distance from face of support (you input the distance):
(Good for straight line shear diagrams ONLY!): <--------------------RESTRICTION
Stirrups are NOT REQUIRED at this distance! IGNORE THIS BOX!
Stirrups are lightly loaded
At dany = 77.73 inches from face of support
Vanydesign = -9.55 kips of shear at this distance from face of support
Vforstirrups = -39.25 kips to be carried by stirrups.
Max Spacing IF REQUIRED (take smallest listed below):
8.75 inches based on beam height
24 inches based on practical limits
0.00 inches based on stirrup strength
40.00 inches based on minimum steel ratio
At ANY shear value on beam (you input the value of the shear force):
(Good for ANY shear diagram - NOT ONLY STRAIGHT LINES!): <----- MORE GENERAL
Stirrups NOT REQUIRED at this shear. Ignore this box!
Stirrups are lightly loaded
At Vanydesign = 14.50 kips of shear at point selected
Vforstirrups = -15.20 kips to be carried by stirrups
Max Spacing IF REQUIRED (take smallest listed below):
8.75 inches based on beam height
24 inches based on practical limits
0.00 inches based on stirrup strength
40.00 inches based on minimum steel ratio
Point where NO STIRRUPS will be required if shear diagram is STRAIGHT LINE ONLY:
From face of support: 63.09 inches
Maximum moment Mu in beam (if shear diagram straight line and crosses as noted)
Mu = 315.00 kip feet
trictions below carefully:

support (from load man/RISA)


m face of support

support (design shear)

value where no stirrups required

--------------RESTRICTION

d from face of support

um steel ratio
distance):
--------------RESTRICTION

tance from face of support

um steel ratio
f the shear force):
NES!): <----- MORE GENERAL

um steel ratio
diagram is STRAIGHT LINE ONLY:
RESTRICTION ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
raight line and crosses as noted)
Design/Analysis of Square Axially Loaded Concrete Columns (No Bending) (New ACI code 7/28/97)
Name:
Dead Load = 400 kips How many = 8 Count
Live Load = 200 kips Bar size number = 10 #
Pu would = 800 kips Total area = 10.160 in^2
Your factored Load - Pu = 800 kips Bar diameter = 1.270 in
Design Load - P0 = 1538 kips Tie bar size = 4 #3 to #5 only
Assuming given: f'c, Fy, and rhogross Tie bar area = 0.196 in^2
f'c = 5 ksi Tie diameter = 0.5 in
Fy = 60 ksi Cover = 1.50 in
rhogross = 0.0400 no units
m= 14.12 no units
Exact Aconcrete = 237.42 in^2 <--- For requested rho
Exact Asteel = 9.50 in^2 <--- For requested rho
Would bars suggested above fit?
Clear space must = 1.5" or 1.5Db = 1.91 inches
Number of bars on face = 3 bars
bxb exact would be = 15.41 inches <--- For requested rho <--------- Clear space = 3.80 inches clear space
If you instead use b = 16.00 inches <---- any "b" of your choice <--------- Clear space = 4.10 inches clear space
Concrete area would be = 256.00 in^2 <--- for the "b" of your choice
Then you need steel area = 8.08 in^2 <--- for the "b" of your choice Tie Spacing: 16.00 inches using your "b"
rho min = 0.01 allowed rho min = 0.01 allowed
The resulting rho would be = 0.032 actually used Actual rho = 0.0397 using your bars
rho max = 0.08 allowed rho max = 0.08 allowed
Revised to use new ACI code factors 1.2D + 1.6L, Pn = Po * 0.85, Phi = 0.70 (Done 4/6/97)
Design/Analysis of Round Axially Loaded Spirally Reinforced Concrete Columns (No Bending):
Name:
If your Dead Load = 200.0 kips How many bars = 8 Count
and if your Live Load = 500.0 kips What bar size number = 9 #
Then your Pu would be = 1040.0 kips Pick a spiral bar size = 4 #3 to #5 only
Put desired Pu = 1040.0 kips Pick a cover = 1.500 in
Design Load - P0 = 1747.9 kips Bar diameter = 1.128 in
Assuming given: f'c, Fy, and rhogross initial guess: Resulting total area = 8.000 in^2
f'c = 8 ksi Your spiral bar diameter = 0.500 in
Fy = 60 ksi Your spiral bar area = 0.200 in^2
rhogross = 0.0500 no units Your resulting Pu would be = 1066.7 kips
m= 8.82 no units
Exact Aconcrete needed = 184.77 in^2 <--- For requested rho
Exact Asteel needed= 9.24 in^2 <--- For requested rho Would bars suggested above fit?
Clear space must exceed 1.5" or 1.5Db = 1.69 inches
Your clear space = 3.03 inches
d required would be = 15.34 inches <--- For requested rhogross Bars fit O.K.
Instead, use practical d = 16.00 inches <---- any "d" of your choice Area of your "core" = 132.73 in^2
Then resulting concrete area = 201.06 in^2 <--- for your "d"
And the required steel area = 7.156 in^2 <--- for your "d"
Your spiral spacing = 1.99 inches using your "d" and your bars
Spiral spacing O.K.
rho min = 0.01000 allowed
Your actual rho = 0.03979 using your bars and column size
rho max = 0.08000 allowed
Spiral Steel Calculations for Circular Concrete Columns
Name:
Dcolumn (inches) = 16
Main Bar Diameter (inches) = 1
Spiral Steel Diameter (inches) = 0.5
Cover (inches) = 1.5
Fy (ksi) = 60
f'c (ksi) = 4

Acolumn (in^2) = 201.06


Dcore (inches) = 13.00
Acore (in^2) = 132.73
Astirrup (in^2) = 0.20
Req'd Stirrup Spacing (inches) = 3.91
Concrete column interaction curve, tied rectangular, bars on 2 faces only - NEW CODE
Input numbers in boxes only. See Figure to right for variable notation Name:
fc' = 5 ksi Failure Strain = 0.003 in/in Gamma = 0.84
Fy = 60 ksi Beta1 = 0.8
Bar size on left = 14 # phi column = 0.65 (New Code) Concrete costs = $97.50 per yd^3
ow many on left = 8 count phi bending = 0.8 (New Code) Steel costs = $0.52 per pound
As on left = 18.000 in^2 Pu not to exceed: 3907.80 kips (Po) Forms cost = $1.50 per ft^2
Bar size on right = 14 # b = 36 inches Concrete used = 0.333 yd^3/foot Non-Dimensionalized
Column Interaction Curve
many on right = 8 count h= 36 inches Steel used = 10.188 #/foot 3.5

Pu = Phi*Pn/Ag (Ksi)
As on right = 18.000 in^2 d = 33.1535 inches Forms used = 9.000 ft^2/ft
Cover = 1.50 inches d' = 2.8465 inches Total cost = $51.30 per foot 3
Tie diameter = 0.500 inches c initial = 1 inches
delta c = 1 inches 2.5

Points to check: 2
4500 Column Interaction Curve Pu Mu
kips kip ft 1.5
Pu = Phi*Pn (Kips)

4000 rho used = 0.0278 Acceptable


DO BARS FIT ON LEFT? 1
Minimum spacing (1.5") = 1.5 inches
3500
OR 0.5
Minimum spacing = 1.5Db = 2.540 inches
3000 Diameter of left bar = 1.693 inches 0
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
Your left bar spacing = 2.637 O.K.
2500 DO BARS FIT ON RIGHT? -0.5

Minimum spacing (1.5") = 1.5 inches


-1
2000 OR
Minimum spacing = 1.5Db = 2.540 inches
-1.5 M u = phi*Mn/(Ag*h) (Ksi)
Diameter of right bar = 1.693 inches
1500
Your right bar spacing = 2.637 O.K.
TIE SPACING?
1000
16*main bar diameter = 27.09 inches TO COMPUTE MODIFIED PHI AT LOW Pn:
48* tie bar diameter = 24.00 inches c balanced = 19.62 in
500 Minimum column size = 36.00 inches a balanced = 15.70 in
THUS, USE ---> 24.0 inches bal strain steel = 0.002565 in/in
0 bal stress steel = 60 ksi
0 500 1000 Mu = 1500
phi*M n (Kip 2000
ft) 2500 3000 3500 Pbalanced = 2325.17 kips
Pbreak for phi = 925.71 kips

Neutral Whitney
Strains in steel(+=Tension): Stresses in Steel Bars(+=Tension): Loads in each element: Moment Arms to centroid of elements
Axis Block Left Bars Right Bars Actual Effective Actual Effective (+ = Tension) Pn About CL of Column:
c a es es' fs on left fs on left fs' on rightfs on right Left Steel Right Steel Concrete (+ = COMP) phi PhiPn Left Steel Right Steel Concrete Mn phi*Mn e
inches inches in/in in/in ksi ksi ksi ksi kips kips kips kips kips inches inches inches kip ft kip ft inches
1 0.80 0.096461 0.005540 60.00 60.00 60.00 60.00 1080.00 1080.00 -122.40 -2037.60 0.80 -1630.08 -15.15 15.15 17.60 179.52 143.62 -1.06
2 1.60 0.046730 0.001270 60.00 60.00 36.82 36.82 1080.00 662.81 -244.80 -1498.01 0.80 -1198.41 -15.15 15.15 17.20 877.70 702.16 -7.03
3 2.40 0.030154 -0.000154 60.00 60.00 -4.45 -4.45 1080.00 -80.13 -367.20 -632.67 0.80 -506.14 -15.15 15.15 16.80 1979.08 1583.26 -37.54
4 3.20 0.021865 -0.000865 60.00 60.00 -25.09 -20.84 1080.00 -375.10 -489.60 -215.30 0.80 -172.24 -15.15 15.15 16.40 2506.60 2005.28 -139.71
5 4.00 0.016892 -0.001292 60.00 60.00 -37.47 -33.22 1080.00 -597.98 -612.00 129.98 0.77 99.97 -15.15 15.15 16.00 2934.93 2257.39 270.97
6 4.80 0.013577 -0.001577 60.00 60.00 -45.73 -41.48 1080.00 -746.56 -734.40 400.96 0.71 285.45 -15.15 15.15 15.60 3261.29 2321.71 97.60
7 5.60 0.011209 -0.001780 60.00 60.00 -51.62 -47.37 1080.00 -852.70 -856.80 629.50 0.67 421.67 -15.15 15.15 15.20 3525.87 2361.82 67.21
8 6.40 0.009433 -0.001933 60.00 60.00 -56.04 -51.79 1080.00 -932.30 -979.20 831.50 0.65 540.47 -15.15 15.15 14.80 3748.79 2436.72 54.10
9 7.20 0.008051 -0.002051 60.00 60.00 -59.48 -55.23 1080.00 -994.21 -1101.60 1015.81 0.65 660.28 -15.15 15.15 14.40 3941.21 2561.79 46.56
10 8.00 0.006946 -0.002146 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -1224.00 1147.50 0.65 745.88 -15.15 15.15 14.00 4059.03 2638.37 42.45
11 8.80 0.006042 -0.002224 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -1346.40 1269.90 0.65 825.44 -15.15 15.15 13.60 4156.95 2702.02 39.28
12 9.60 0.005288 -0.002288 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -1468.80 1392.30 0.65 905.00 -15.15 15.15 13.20 4246.71 2760.36 36.60
13 10.40 0.004651 -0.002343 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -1591.20 1514.70 0.65 984.56 -15.15 15.15 12.80 4328.31 2813.40 34.29
14 11.20 0.004104 -0.002390 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -1713.60 1637.10 0.65 1064.12 -15.15 15.15 12.40 4401.75 2861.14 32.26
15 12.00 0.003631 -0.002431 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -1836.00 1759.50 0.65 1143.68 -15.15 15.15 12.00 4467.03 2903.57 30.47
16 12.80 0.003216 -0.002466 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -1958.40 1881.90 0.65 1223.24 -15.15 15.15 11.60 4524.15 2940.70 28.85
17 13.60 0.002851 -0.002498 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -2080.80 2004.30 0.65 1302.80 -15.15 15.15 11.20 4573.11 2972.52 27.38
18 14.40 0.002526 -0.002526 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -2203.20 2126.70 0.65 1382.36 -15.15 15.15 10.80 4613.91 2999.04 26.03
19 15.20 0.002235 -0.002551 60.00 60.00 -60.00 -55.75 1080.00 -1003.50 -2325.60 2249.10 0.65 1461.92 -15.15 15.15 10.40 4646.55 3020.26 24.79
20 16.00 0.001973 -0.002573 57.22 57.22 -60.00 -55.75 1029.92 -1003.50 -2448.00 2421.58 0.65 1574.03 -15.15 15.15 10.00 4607.78 2995.06 22.83
21 16.80 0.001736 -0.002593 50.35 50.35 -60.00 -55.75 906.30 -1003.50 -2570.40 2667.60 0.65 1733.94 -15.15 15.15 9.60 4468.00 2904.20 20.10
22 17.60 0.001521 -0.002612 44.11 44.11 -60.00 -55.75 793.93 -1003.50 -2692.80 2902.37 0.65 1886.54 -15.15 15.15 9.20 4334.26 2817.27 17.92
23 18.40 0.001324 -0.002629 38.41 38.41 -60.00 -55.75 691.32 -1003.50 -2815.20 3127.38 0.65 2032.80 -15.15 15.15 8.80 4204.69 2733.05 16.13
24 19.20 0.001144 -0.002644 33.18 33.18 -60.00 -55.75 597.27 -1003.50 -2937.60 3343.83 0.65 2173.49 -15.15 15.15 8.40 4077.75 2650.54 14.63
25 20.00 0.000978 -0.002658 28.37 28.37 -60.00 -55.75 510.74 -1003.50 -3060.00 3552.76 0.65 2309.30 -15.15 15.15 8.00 3952.16 2568.91 13.35
26 20.80 0.000825 -0.002672 23.94 23.94 -60.00 -55.75 430.86 -1003.50 -3182.40 3755.04 0.65 2440.78 -15.15 15.15 7.60 3826.82 2487.43 12.23
27 21.60 0.000684 -0.002684 19.83 19.83 -60.00 -55.75 356.90 -1003.50 -3304.80 3951.40 0.65 2568.41 -15.15 15.15 7.20 3700.79 2405.51 11.24
28 22.40 0.000552 -0.002695 16.01 16.01 -60.00 -55.75 288.23 -1003.50 -3427.20 4142.47 0.65 2692.61 -15.15 15.15 6.80 3573.26 2322.62 10.35
29 23.20 0.000430 -0.002706 12.46 12.46 -60.00 -55.75 224.29 -1003.50 -3549.60 4328.81 0.65 2813.73 -15.15 15.15 6.40 3443.56 2238.32 9.55
30 24.00 0.000315 -0.002715 9.15 9.15 -60.00 -55.75 164.61 -1003.50 -3672.00 4510.89 0.65 2932.08 -15.15 15.15 6.00 3311.08 2152.20 8.81
31 24.80 0.000208 -0.002725 6.04 6.04 -60.00 -55.75 108.79 -1003.50 -3794.40 4689.11 0.65 3047.92 -15.15 15.15 5.60 3175.31 2063.95 8.13
32 25.60 0.000108 -0.002733 3.14 3.14 -60.00 -55.75 56.45 -1003.50 -3916.80 4863.85 0.65 3161.50 -15.15 15.15 5.20 3035.78 1973.25 7.49
33 26.40 0.000014 -0.002741 0.40 0.40 -60.00 -55.75 7.28 -1003.50 -4039.20 5035.42 0.65 3273.02 -15.15 15.15 4.80 2892.09 1879.86 6.89
34 27.20 -0.000075 -0.002749 -2.17 -2.17 -60.00 -55.75 -38.99 -1003.50 -4161.60 5204.09 0.65 3382.66 -15.15 15.15 4.40 2743.90 1783.53 6.33
35 28.00 -0.000158 -0.002756 -4.59 -4.59 -60.00 -55.75 -82.62 -1003.50 -4284.00 5370.12 0.65 3490.58 -15.15 15.15 4.00 2590.88 1684.07 5.79
36 28.80 -0.000237 -0.002763 -6.88 -6.88 -60.00 -55.75 -123.82 -1003.50 -4406.40 5533.72 0.65 3596.92 -15.15 15.15 3.60 2432.77 1581.30 5.28
CONCRETE COLUMN INTERACTION CURVE - TIED RECTANGULAR - BARS ON TWO FACES ONLY
Input numbers in boxes only. See Figure to right for variable notatio Name:
fc' = 5 ksi Failure Strain = 0.003 in/in Gamma = 0.75
Fy = 60 ksi Beta1 = 0.8
Alpha = 0.75 phi column = 0.7 Concrete costs = $97.50 per yd^3
Rho = 0.08 phi bending = 0.9 Steel costs = $0.52 per pound
As on left = 4.000 in^2 Pu not to exceed: 487.76 kips Forms cost = $1.50 per ft^2
b= 10 inches Concrete used = 0.026 yd^3/foot
h= 10 inches Steel used = 2.264 #/foot
As on right = 4.000 in^2 d= 8.75 inches Forms used = 0.694 ft^2/ft
d' = 1.25 inches Total cost = $4.73 per foot
c initial = 1 inches
delta c = 1 inches

Non-Dimensionalized
Column Interaction Curve
6
Pu = Phi*Pn/Ag (Ksi)

0
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 TO COMP
-1

-2

-3 M u = phi*M n/(Ag*h) (Ksi)


Tied Column Interaction Diagram - Bending about Horizontal Axis (X-X)
Contributed by Dr. J.M. Bracci 11/3/94
Disclaimer: This program is provided without warranty of any kind. Colu
Name:

PhiPn/Ag (ks i)
2000.0
DIRECTIONS: Input parameters in red areas only!
NOTES: Analysis for up to four (4) layers of reinforcing steel.
1500.0

Material Properties: Design Values: 1000.0


==================== ==============
fc' = 5.0 ksi P (kip) M (k-ft) 500.0

fy = 60.0 ksi (rebar) 1. 800 5000


ecu = 0.003 in/in 2. 0.0
E= 29000.0 ksi (rebar) 3. 0.0 1000.0
4. -500.0
Cross Section Properties:
=========================
-1000.0
Top
Reinforced Concrete: !---------------------!
b = 20.0 in ! o o ! d1,As1 where d1 = dist from top do
h = 20.0 in ! !
As1 = 6.0 in^2 ! o o ! d2,As2 where d2 = dist from top do
As2 = 0.0 in^2 X--- h ! ! ----- X axis (bending about X-X axis only
As3 = 0.0 in^2 ! o o ! d3,As3
As4 = 6.0 in^2 ! !
d1 = 2.4 in (from top) ! o o ! d4,As4
d2 = 0.0 in (from top) !---------------------!
d3 = 0.0 in (from top)
d4 = 17.6 in (from top) <------- b -------->
Phi a = 0.70 Axial Compression
Phi b = 0.90 Bending

Calculated Variables:
=====================
B1 = 0.8
rho l = 3.00 % (rebar)

Interaction:
============
c es1 es2 es3 es4 fs1 fs2 fs3
Tension
1.0 -0.0043 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0497 -60.00 60.00 60.00
2.0 -0.0007 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0233 -19.10 60.00 60.00
3.0 0.0006 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0146 16.27 60.00 60.00
4.0 0.0012 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0102 33.95 60.00 60.00
5.0 0.0015 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0075 44.56 60.00 60.00
6.0 0.0018 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0058 51.63 60.00 60.00
7.0 0.0020 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0045 56.69 60.00 60.00
8.0 0.0021 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0036 60.00 60.00 60.00
9.0 0.0022 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0029 60.00 60.00 60.00
10.0 0.0023 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0023 60.00 60.00 60.00
11.0 0.0023 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0018 60.00 60.00 60.00
12.0 0.0024 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0014 60.00 60.00 60.00
13.0 0.0024 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0011 60.00 60.00 60.00
14.0 0.0025 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0008 60.00 60.00 60.00
15.0 0.0025 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0005 60.00 60.00 60.00
16.0 0.0025 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0003 60.00 60.00 60.00
17.0 0.0026 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0001 60.00 60.00 60.00
18.0 0.0026 0.0030 0.0030 0.0001 60.00 60.00 60.00
19.0 0.0026 0.0030 0.0030 0.0002 60.00 60.00 60.00
20.0 0.0026 0.0030 0.0030 0.0004 60.00 60.00 60.00
21.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0005 60.00 60.00 60.00
22.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0006 60.00 60.00 60.00
23.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0007 60.00 60.00 60.00
24.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0008 60.00 60.00 60.00
25.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0009 60.00 60.00 60.00
26.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0010 60.00 60.00 60.00
27.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0010 60.00 60.00 60.00
28.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0011 60.00 60.00 60.00
29.0 0.0027 0.0030 0.0030 0.0012 60.00 60.00 60.00
30.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0012 60.00 60.00 60.00
31.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0013 60.00 60.00 60.00
32.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0014 60.00 60.00 60.00
33.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0014 60.00 60.00 60.00
34.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0015 60.00 60.00 60.00
35.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0015 60.00 60.00 60.00
36.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0015 60.00 60.00 60.00
37.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0016 60.00 60.00 60.00
38.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0016 60.00 60.00 60.00
39.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0016 60.00 60.00 60.00
40.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0017 60.00 60.00 60.00
41.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0017 60.00 60.00 60.00
42.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0017 60.00 60.00 60.00
43.0 0.0028 0.0030 0.0030 0.0018 60.00 60.00 60.00
Comp

Balance
10.4 0.0023 0.0030 0.0030 -0.0021 60.00 60.00 60.00
Column Interaction
PhiPn/Ag (ks i)

2000.0

1500.0

1000.0

500.0

0.0
0.0 1000.0 2000.0 3000.0 4000.0 5000.0 6000.0 7000.0

-500.0

-1000.0 PhiM n/AgH (ks i)

ere d1 = dist from top down to steel As1

ere d2 = dist from top down to steel As2


nding about X-X axis only)

fs4 Cc Fs1 Fs2 Fs3 Fs4 Mn Pn


0.0 -720.0
-60.00 68.0 -360.0 0.0 0.0 -360.0 652.8 -652.0
-60.00 136.0 -114.6 0.0 0.0 -360.0 3106.8 -338.6
-60.00 204.0 72.1 0.0 0.0 -360.0 5062.4 -83.9
-60.00 272.0 178.2 0.0 0.0 -360.0 6354.2 90.2
-60.00 340.0 241.9 0.0 0.0 -360.0 7270.7 221.9
-60.00 408.0 284.3 0.0 0.0 -360.0 7972.4 332.3
-60.00 476.0 314.6 0.0 0.0 -360.0 8528.0 430.6
-60.00 544.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -360.0 8950.3 518.5
-60.00 612.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -360.0 9167.9 586.5
-60.00 680.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -360.0 9331.1 654.5
-51.89 748.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -311.3 9072.1 771.2
-40.32 816.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -241.9 8601.4 908.6
-30.52 884.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -183.1 8157.1 1035.4
-22.13 952.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -132.8 7721.9 1153.7
-14.85 1020.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -89.1 7283.0 1265.4
-8.49 1088.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -50.9 6831.0 1371.6
-2.87 1156.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -17.2 6358.6 1473.3
2.12 1224.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 -12.8 6052.9 1545.7
6.59 1292.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 14.0 5523.8 1640.5
10.61 1360.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 38.2 4960.6 1732.7
14.25 1428.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 60.0 4360.4 1822.5
17.55 1496.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 79.8 3720.8 1910.3
20.57 1564.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 97.9 3039.8 1996.4
23.34 1632.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 114.5 2315.9 2081.0
25.89 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 129.8 1547.5 2164.3
28.24 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 143.9 1440.9 2178.4
30.41 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 157.0 1342.2 2191.5
32.44 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 169.1 1250.5 2203.6
34.32 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 180.4 1165.1 2214.9
36.07 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 190.9 1085.5 2225.4
37.72 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 200.8 1010.9 2235.3
39.26 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 210.0 941.1 2244.5
40.70 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 218.7 875.4 2253.2
42.06 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 226.9 813.7 2261.4
43.35 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 234.6 755.4 2269.1
44.56 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 241.9 700.4 2276.4
45.71 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 248.7 648.4 2283.2
46.79 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 255.3 599.1 2289.8
47.83 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 261.5 552.3 2296.0
48.80 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 267.3 507.9 2301.8
49.74 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 272.9 465.6 2307.4
50.62 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 278.2 425.4 2312.7
51.47 1700.0 334.5 0.0 0.0 283.3 387.0 2317.8
0.0 2369.0

Pa = 285.7
-60.00 706.7 334.5 0.0 0.0 -360.0 9380.4 681.2
0.1fc'Ag= 285.7

0.0
587.5
2796.1
4556.2
5317.5
5414.5
5580.7
5969.6
6265.2
6417.5
6531.8
6350.4
6021.0
5710.0
5405.3
5098.1
4781.7
4451.0
4237.0
3866.7
3472.4
3052.3
2604.6
2127.9
1621.1
1083.3
1008.6
939.5
875.3
815.6
759.8
707.7
658.7
612.8
569.6
528.8
490.3
453.9
419.4
386.6
355.5
325.9
297.8
270.9
0.0

5000
0
0
0
-648.0 -648.0
-586.8 -586.8
-304.7 -304.7
-75.5 -75.5
75.5 75.5
165.2 165.2
232.6 232.6
301.4 301.4
363.0 363.0
410.6 410.6
458.2 458.2
539.8 539.8
636.0 636.0
724.8 724.8
807.6 807.6
885.8 885.8
960.1 960.1
1031.3 1031.3
1082.0 1082.0
1148.4 1148.4
1212.9 1212.9
1275.7 1275.7
1326.6 1337.2
1326.6 1397.5
1326.6 1456.7
1326.6 1515.0
1326.6 1524.9
1326.6 1534.0
1326.6 1542.5
1326.6 1550.4
1326.6 1557.8
1326.6 1564.7
1326.6 1571.2
1326.6 1577.3
1326.6 1583.0
1326.6 1588.4
1326.6 1593.5
1326.6 1598.3
1326.6 1602.8
1326.6 1607.2
1326.6 1611.3
1326.6 1615.2
1326.6 1618.9
1326.6 1622.5
1326.6 1658.3

800
0
0
0
Circular bar forces

Circular column with bars at 0 and any degrees from x axis


Input numbers in boxes only (See figure below for terms)
Force in concrete and stresses in the bars
Neutral Axis = c = 8 inches Bar 1 can be at any angle.
Strain concrete = 0.003 in/in Bar 2 is at 0 degrees only.
cover = 1.5 inches
Rcol = 15 inches
Main bar size = 1 inches
Stirrup size = 0.5 inches Concrete
Fy = 60 ksi Concrete Concrete force location
f'c beta1 a alpha area force from CL
psi inches radians in^2 kips inches
3000 0.85 6.8 0.9924 120 307 10.98
4000 0.85 6.8 0.9924 120 409 10.98
5000 0.8 6.4 0.9602 110 469 11.21
6000 0.75 6 0.9273 101 513 11.45
7000 0.7 5.6 0.8935 91 542 11.68
8000 0.65 5.2 0.8588 82 557 11.91
9000 0.65 5.2 0.8588 82 627 11.91
10000 0.65 5.2 0.8588 82 697 11.91

Bar 1 angle (beta) in degrees: 45


Bar 1 Bar 1 Bar 1 Bar 1 Bar 1
location location location Bar 1 nominal effective Bar 1
f'c from CL from NA dprime strain stress stress force
psi inches inches inches in/in ksi ksi kips
3000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 17.45 13.78
4000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 16.60 13.11
5000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 15.75 12.44
6000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 20.00 15.80
7000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 20.00 15.80
8000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 20.00 15.80
9000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 20.00 15.80
10000 8.84 1.84 6.16 0.000690 20.00 20.00 15.80

Bar 2 angle (beta) is 0 degrees:


Bar 2 Bar 2 Bar 2 Bar 2 Bar 2
location location location Bar 2 nominal effective Bar 2
f'c from CL from NA dprime strain stress stress force
psi inches inches inches in/in ksi ksi kips
3000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 57.26 45.24
4000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 56.41 44.57
5000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 55.56 43.89
6000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 54.71 43.22
7000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 53.86 42.55
8000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 53.01 41.88
9000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 52.16 41.21
10000 12.5 5.50 2.50 0.002063 59.81 51.31 40.54

Page 43
Circular bar forces

Page 44
Diamond bar forces

Concrete and bar forces in square concrete column - for quiz grading only
For 4 bars on a side only.
Name:
b= 17.00 in For concrete:
c= 12.02 in Concrete force = 415.1 kips
f'c = 8 ksi Location of force = 6.81 in from N.A.
Fy = 60 ksi
beta1 = 0.65 For bar 1:
a= 7.81 in Strain = 0.000529 in/in
Concrete area = 61.05 in^2 Stress = 15.35 ksi
c-a= 4.21 in Effective stress = 15.35 ksi
Cover = 1.50 in Force = 12.06 kips
Stirrup size number = 4 Bar # Location of bar 1 = 2.12 inches from N.A.
Stirrup diameter = 0.50 in
Stirrup area = 0.196 in^2 For bar 2:
Main bar size number = 8 Bar # Strain = 0.002118 in/in
Main bar diameter = 1.00 in Stress = 60.00 ksi
Main bar area = 0.79 in^2 Effective stress = 53.20 ksi
Distance between bars = 3.00 in Force = 41.78 kips
Location of bar 2 = 8.49 inches from N.A.

Page 45
Modified to new 1.2D + 1.6L ACI factors, and Mu = Mn/0.8 (4/6/97)
Design of One-Way Slabs - Analysis of a 1 foot wide strip - input boxes only
Name:
Length of slab = 30 ft
Miminum slab thickness h (for deflection control):
L/20 for simply supported slabs = 18.00 inches
L/24 for one end continuous = 15.00 inches
L/28 for both ends continuous = 12.86 inches
L/10 for cantilever slabs = 36.00 inches
Desired practical thickness of slab = h = 15.00 inches (Normally based on deflection limitations)
Unfactored Wdead (no weight of slab) = 0.04 k/ft^2
Unfactored Wlive = 0.12 k/ft^2
Factored wdead = 0.048 k/ft^2
Factored wlive = 0.192 k/ft^2
Factored load excluding slab = 0.24 k/ft^2 <----Load is 1.2*wdead + 1.6*wlive
Include weight of slab? 1 1 = yes, 0 = no
Unfactored wdead for weight of slab = 0.1875 k/ft^2 <----Slab weight included if you say so
Factored wdead for weight of slab = 0.225 k/ft^2 <----Slab weight included if you say so
Total factored load on slab wu = 0.465 k/ft^2 Corresponding Mn in slab:
Simply supported moment Mu = wl^2/8 = 52.31 kip ft per foot of slab 65.39 kft/ft
Various possible moments in slab - wl^2/2 = 209.25 kip ft per foot of slab 261.56 kft/ft
wl^2/9 = 46.50 kip ft per foot of slab 58.13 kft/ft
wl^2/10 = 41.85 kip ft per foot of slab 52.31 kft/ft
wl^2/11 = 38.05 kip ft per foot of slab 47.56 kft/ft
wl^2/14 = 29.89 kip ft per foot of slab 37.37 kft/ft
wl^2/16 = 26.16 kip ft per foot of slab 32.70 kft/ft
wl^2/24 = 17.44 kip ft per foot of slab 21.80 kft/ft
Moment in slab (Mu) = 23.14 kip ft per foot of slab (From above, or from your calculations)
Desired cover = 0.75 inches
Desired bar diameter size = 0.875 inches
Fy = 60 ksi
f'c = 4 ksi
d of slab = 13.81 inches based on your thickness = 15 inches
Design Moment Mn = 28.93 kip ft per foot of slab = Mu/0.8 as of 4/6/97
Rn = 0.152 ksi
m= 17.65 no units
Required rho = 0.00259 no units
Required rho minimum = 0.00333 no units <--- Controls design
Required area of steel/foot = 0.553 in^2 per foot of slab width
Required spacing for your bar size = 13.060 inches Must be less than 18" and 3*h)
Clear space between bars = 12.185 inches between bars 3h = 45 inches

Required temperature steel rho = 0.00180 no units


Required area of temperature steel/foot = 0.324 in^2/foot
Desired temp steel bar diameter = 0.875 inches
Required Spacing = 22.271 inches (Must be less than 18" and 5*h)
Clear space between bars = 21.396 inches between bars 5h = 75 inches
Analysis of Wall Footings - Using a 1 foot wide study strip
Input values in the outline box only. Modified to 1.2D+1.6L with phi=0.8 and shear = 0.75 on 7/28/97
Name:
Width of wall = twall = 16.00 inch Depth of soil above top of footing = 7.00 feet
Pdead = 20.00 kips/ft Total factored load Pu = 43.20 kips
Plive = 12.00 kips/ft q net allowed = 7.010 k/ft^2
f'c for footing = 4.00 ksi Footing area required = 4.565 ft^2
Fy = 60.00 ksi Necessary footing width = 4.565 ft
q soil allowable = 8.00 kips/ft^2 Your practical rounded width = W = 5.00 ft
Depth below grade = 8.000 feet q net ultimate = 8.640 k/ft^2
Diameter of bars used = db = 0.750 inch or q net ultimate also = 60.00 psi
Cover = 3.00 inch Check shear associated with bending:
Unit soil weight = 0.120 k/ft^3 Vu shear load = 9.630 kips on a 1 ft wide strip
Concrete weight = 0.150 k/ft^3 phiVc shear load capacity = 9.819 kips on a 1 ft wide strip
Passes shear associated with bending test
Exact predictions: Design for moment capacity using your practical W:
The value of drequired = 8.52 inches. Mu = 14.52 kip ft on a 1 ft wide strip
and still satisfy shear requirements. Rn = 0.2440 ksi
Thus the value of the footing thickness m= 17.65 no units
could be as small as 11.90 inches rho for strength = 0.00422
rho min = 0.00333
Select a practical thickness = h = 12.00 inch As required per strip = 0.437 in^2 in 1 foot strip
For this h, the value of d = 8.625 inch Spacing for bars used above = 12.13 in (Max = 18")
1 ft wide strip
Design of Square Isolated Footings - Updated to new ACI code, 7/28/97
Input cells in outlines only For use, see cell D33
h = total thickness (height) of footing slab, W = width of square footing, tcol = thickness of square column.

Column width tcol = 30 inch h required to prevent punching shear:


q soil allowable = 10 kips/ft^2 Constant A = 931.63
Pdead = 500 kips Constant B = 30442
Plive = 300 kips Constant C = -1005208
f'c for footing = 5 ksi h req'd to prevent punching shear failure = 24.35 inches
f'c for column = 5 ksi Resulting d for punching shear would be = 20.35 inches
Fy = 60 ksi h req'd to prevent bending/shear failure = 22.45 inches
Depth, grass to bottom of footing = 6 feet Resulting d for bending shear would be = 18.45 inches
Bar diameter to be used in footing = db = 1 inch
Cover = 3 inch Actual design calculations:
Weight of soil = 0.1 k/ft^3 Final practical h you wish to use = 25.00 inch
Weight of concrete = 0.15 k/ft^3 d resulting to be used = 21.00 inch
q net allowed = 9.296 k/ft^2
Factored load = Pu on Footing = 1080 kips Minimum required footing area = 86.06 ft^2
Minimum required square footing width W = 9.28 ft
Design for moment capacity: Practical footing width W you desire = 9.50 ft
Mu = 73.30 kip feet on 1 foot wide strip q net ultimate = 11.97 k/ft^2
Rn = 0.2078 ksi
m= 14.12 no units Check punching shear:
rho for strength = 0.00355 Vu punching shear load = 863.85 kips
rho min = 0.00333 phiVn punching shear capacity = 908.77 kips
Steel area As required per 12" strip = 0.895 in^2 in a 1 foot wide strip PASSES punching shear test
Required spacing for desired bars = 10.53 inches for bars above
Check shear associated with bending:
Bearing strength of column end: Vu shear load on a 1 foot wide strip = 20.94 kips
Pu load on column end = 1080 kips phiVn shear load capacity on a 1 foot wide strip = 26.73 kips
Pc capacity of column end = 2486.25 kips PASSES bending shear test
PASSES column end strength test
(Add dowels as shown below) 1) Fill in known values in cells B5 through B16.
Bearing strength of top of footing: 2) Enter any old guesses for the footing thickness "h" and the footing width "W"
A1 = 6.25 ft^2 in cells E15 and E20, or you can just leave the guesses from the last problem
A2 = 90.25 ft^2 in these cells - it doesn't really matter since they will change anyway.
Pu load on top of footing = 1080 kips 3) Better guesses for the required thickness "h" will be given in cells E9 and E11,
Pc capacity of top of footing = 4972.5 kips based on punching shear and shear associated with bending requirements.
PASSES bearing on footing top strength test 4) Select the larger required value from cells E9 or E11 and enter this
USING Phi dowels = 0.7: number (or a larger practical value of your choice) into cell E15.
Required dowel area: 5) This, and the other information you have previously entered, will
Total required area of dowels = 4.50 in^2 give a predicted minimum required footing width "W" in cell E19.
Use at least 4 bars. Enter this width (or a larger practical value of your choice) into cell E20.
6) Unfortunately, this change will affect your "h" requirements in cells E9 and E11,
so you must check to see that your value for "h" in cell E15 is still acceptable.
If not, select a new larger desired practical value of "h" and re-enter it into cell E15.
7) Unfortunately, this will change your required "W" predicted in cell E19,
so you must check to see that your value of "W" in cell E20 is still acceptable.
If not, select a new desired practical value of "W" and re-enter it into cell E20.
8) Keep doing steps 6 and 7 until all values are above the required predictions.
9) Get required dowel area and select bars for dowels.
Calculation of Cb for steel beams

Mmax 1309.7 max moment


Ma 574.4 moment at 1/4 point
Mb 1047.5 moment at 1/2 point
Mc 1309.4 moment at 3/4 point

Cb = ###
Steel Frame Columns

Steel Frame Column Loads Name: Weak Axis


Enter boxed numbers only 12.40 + 12.40
Gtop = 30.00 40.00 = 0.162
Column above: 53.60 + 53.60
I= 12.4 30.00 20.00
L= 30.00 Upper beam on right:
I of upper beam on left = 53.6 53.6 =I 12.40 + 12.40
L of upper beam on left = 30.00 20.00 =L Gbottom = 30.00 40.00 = 0.181
48.00 + 48.00
30.00 20.00

k (from alignment chart) = 1.19 no units


THE column I= 12.4 r (from tables) = 5.23 inches
to be designed: L= 40.00 Fy = 50 ksi
E = 29000 ksi
Column area = 15.60 in^2
RESULTS:
KL/r = 109.22 no units
I of lower beam on left = 48.0 48.0 =I Lambdac = 1.4435 no units
L of lower beam on left = 30.00 20.00 =L Lambdac < 1.5, so inelastic buckling
I= 12.4 Lower beam on right: Fcr = 20.90 ksi
L= 30.00 Pu = 0.85*Fcr*Area = 277.2 kips
Column below:

Page 51
Steel Frame Columns (2)

Steel Frame Column Loads Name: 1650.00 + 301.00


Gtopxx = 30.00 20.00
Section Shape Ixx Iyy rx ry Area 0.00 + 933.00
1 W12x336 4060 1190 6.41 3.47 98.8 20.00 25.00
2 W12x170 1650 517 5.74 3.22 50
3 W12x96 833 270 5.44 3.09 28.2 301.00 + 301.00
4 W12x58 475 107 5.28 2.51 17 Gbottomxx = 20.00 20.00
5 W12x305 3550 1050 6.29 3.42 89.6 933.00 + 933.00
6 W10x49 272 93.4 4.35 2.54 14.4 25.00 25.00
7 W14x132 1530 548 6.28 3.76 38.8
8 k (from alignment chart) = 1.18
9 rxx (from tables) = 3.11
10 Fy = 50
E = 29000
Enter Section Number in boxed areas only Column area = 31.20
On top of column: RESULTS:
# of column above = 2 KL/r = 91.06
# of beam to left = 1 Lambdac = 1.2036
# of beam to right = 6 Lambdac < 1.5, so inelastic buckling
# of beam in front = 4 Fcr = 27.27
# of beam in back = 3 Pu = 0.85*Fcr*Area = 723.2

On bottom of column: Column above: Ix of upper beam in back =


Column below = 5 Ixx = 1650 L of upper beam in back =
Beam Left = 5 L= 30.00
Beam right 2 Ix of upper beam on left = 0 933 = Ix
Beam in front 7 L of upper beam on left = 20.00 25.00 =L
Beam in back = 6

THE column Ixx = 301


to be designed: L = 20.00 Ix of upper beam in back =
Iyy = L of upper beam in back =
Ix of upper beam in front =
L of upper beam in front =

Page 52
Steel Frame Columns (2)

Ix of lower beam on left = 933 933 = Ix


L of lower beam on left = 25.00 25.00 =L
Ixx = 301 Lower beam on right:
Ix of lower beam in front = L= 20.00
L of lower beam in front = Column below:

Page 53
Steel Frame Columns (2)

= 1.877

= 0.403

no units
inches
ksi
ksi
in^2

no units
no units
inelastic buckling
ksi
kips

Page 54
Steel Frame Columns (2)

Page 55
Steel Frame Columns (3)

Steel Column Loads - Single Story Frames Column K Values


Lambda c = (KL/R pi)*sqrt(Fy/E) Top of Column: Pinned Fixed Pinned Fixed Pinned
Can top translate? No No No Yes Yes
Bottom of Column: Pinned Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed
Use K = 1 0.65 0.8 1.2 2.1
Variable Units
Kyy = 1 none Kxx = 1 none
L= 18 feet L = 18 feet
ryy = 2.56 inches rxx = 4.37 inches
Fy = 50 ksi Fy = 50 ksi
E= 29000 ksi E = 29000 ksi
A= 15.8 inches^2 A = 15.8 inches^2
phi = 0.85 none phi = 0.85 none

KLyy = 18 feet KLxx = 18 feet


Lambda cyy = 1.115 none Lambda cxx = 0.653 none

Since Lambda c is <= 1.5: Don't use these - Incorrect: Since Lambda c is <= 1.5: Don't use these - Incorrect:
Lambda c <= 1.5: Lambda c > 1.5: Lambda c <= 1.5: Lambda c > 1.5:

Fcr = (0.658^Lambda c^2)*Fy Fcr = (0.877/(Lambda c^2))*Fy Fcr = (0.658^Lambda c^2)*Fy Fcr = (0.877/(Lambda c^2))*Fy

Fcr = 29.71 ksi Fcr = 35.26 ksi Fcr = 41.82 ksi Fcr = 102.74
Puyy = 469.42 kips Puyy = 557.09 kips Puxx = 660.77 kips Puxx = 1623.34
phiPuyy = 399.01 kips phiPuyy = 473.53 kips phiPuxx = 561.65 kips phiPuxx = 1379.84

Page 56
Steel Frame Columns (3)

Fixed
Yes
Pinned
2

hese - Incorrect:

77/(Lambda c^2))*Fy

ksi
kips
kips

Page 57
Combined Stresses - Steel

Combined stresses in biaxial bending and tension steel members - SOLVE FOR ALLOWED P
Good for simply supported beams with uniform loads from end-to-end only.
Beam Length = 22.00 ft Name:
Dead load load factor = 1.2
Live load load factor = 1.6
Bending about XX axis calculations:
XX Axis uniform dead load = 0.00 k/ft
XX Axis uniform live load = 1.88 k/ft
Total factored load XX = 3 k/ft
Moment XX = wL^2/8 = 181.5 kip ft
Plastic moment capacity about XX (Mp) = 615.0 kip ft
LTB moment capacity about XX (no Cb) = 557 kip ft Ratio XX:
Cb = 1.14 181.5 = 0.295122
Moment capacity about XX (LTB) = 686.30 kip ft 615
Bending about YY axis calculations:
YY Axis uniform dead load = 0.00 k/ft
YY Axis uniform live load = 0.60 k/ft
Total factored load YY = 0.96 k/ft Ratio YY:
Moment YY = wL^2/8 = 58.1 kip ft
58.08 = 0.282079
Plastic moment capacity about YY = 205.9 kip ft
205.9
Axial load calculations: SUM = 0.577201 <
Axial Capacity (GSY) = 1323.0 kips Axial effect is LARGE
Use AISC H1-1a
AISC Equation H1-1a says Pu = 644.2 kips <--- H1-1a controls - use this load
AISC Equation H1-1b says Pu = 1118.7 kips

Page 58
Combined Stresses - Steel

s - SOLVE FOR ALLOWED PU:

1.2
1.6

1.00
2.00
0.00

742.50

686.30

0.00
0.60
0.00

205.90
0.9

rols - use this load

Page 59
End Beam Bearing Plates

Beam = W21x68 Plate Fy = 36


Beam Fy = 50 ksi f'c = 3.5
d= 21.1
tw = 0.43 inches Reaction = 99.73
tf = 0.685 inches
k= 1.19 inches

Required minimum N = ### inches <-- To prevent web yielding

Assuming N/d > 0.2:


phi*0.4*tw^2 = 0.05547
sqrt(E*Fy*tf/tw) = ###
(tw/tf)^1.5 = ###
Required minimum N = 2.996 inches <-- To prevent web crippling
Actual N/d = 0.142 <-- Assumption incorrect

Assuming N/d <= 0.2:


phi*0.4*tw^2 = 0.05547
sqrt(E*Fy*tf/tw) = ###
3*(tw/tf)^1.5 = ###
Required minimum N = 2.587 inches <-- To prevent web crippling
Actual N/d = 0.123 <-- Assumption correct
ksi
ksi

kips to be carried

Trial bearing plate dimensions:


N trial = 6 inches
Minimum B = 9.312 inches

Final bearing plate dimensions used:


N= 6 inches
B= 10 inches
Plate n = 3.81 inches of cantilever
t required = 1.220 inches thick
Steel Column Base Plates

Design of SQUARE bearing plate thickness:

Steel plate: Fy = 42 ksi Steel plate: Fy = 42 ksi


Column: W14x211 Column: W14x145
bf = 15.8 inches bf = 15.5 inches
d= 15.7 inches d= 14.8 inches
Load Pu = 1000 kips Load Pu = 900 kips
Square Footing: B= 36 inches on each side Square Footing: B= 32 inches on each side
fc' = 3.5 ksi fc' = 4 ksi

IF sqrt(A2/A1) < 2: IF sqrt(A2/A1) < 2:


Plate Size A1 = ### square inches Plate Size A1 = ### square inches
Check sqrt(A2/A1) max=2: 2.31336 ratio Check sqrt(A2/A1) max=2: ### ratio

IF sqrt(A2/A1) >= 2: IF sqrt(A2/A1) >= 2:


Plate Size A1 = ### square inches Plate Size A1 = ### square inches
Check sqrt(A2/A1) max=2: ### ratio Check sqrt(A2/A1) max=2: ### ratio

Required plate area = ### square inches Required plate area = ### square inches
Minimum plate size = ### inches Minimum plate size = ### inches
Actual plate size used = 18 inches Actual plate size used = 16 inches

m= 1.5425 inches m= 0.97 inches


n= 2.68 inches n= 1.8 inches
lambda = ### ratio lambda = ### ratio
X= ### ratio X= ### ratio
n' = ### inches n' = ### inches
lambda used (1 is conservative) 1 lambda used (1 is conservative) 1

t= ### inches thick t= ### inches thick

Page 62
Calculation of Phi Mn for wide flanges with non-compact flanges

Wide Flange Shape W12x65


Fy 50.0
Fy-10 40.0
Zx 96.8
Sx 87.9
Zy 44.1
Sy 29.1
Lambda f = Lambda of wide flange = bf/2tf 9.90

Lambda p = 65/sqrt(Fy) 9.19 Shape is non-compact


Lambda r = 141/sqrt(Fy-10) 22.29
(Lambda f - Lambda p)/(Lambda r - Lambda p) 0.05401

STRONG AXIS CALCULATIONS Cannot get Mpx from Load Factor


Mpx if were compact = Fy*Zx 4840 <-- Selection Table since they
Mrx = (Fy-10)Sx 3516 tabulate Phi Mnx listed below as Mpx
Mnx non-compact = Mpx-(Mpx-Mrx)(Lf-Lp)/(Lr-Lp) 4768 in kip
Phi Mnx non-compact 357.6 kip ft <-- Also of course check LTB!

WEAK AXIS CALCULATIONS


Mpy = Fy*Zy 2205
or Mpy = 1.5*Fy*Sy 2183
Mpy compact = Lower of Mp or 1.5*Fy*Sy 2183
Mry = (Fy-10)*Sy 1164
Mny non-compact = Mpy-(Mpy-Mry)(Lf-Lp)/(Lr-Lp) 2127 in kip
Phi Mny non-compact 160 kip ft <-- No need to check LTB.

Wide Flange Shape W12x40


Fy 50.0
Fy-10 40.0
Zx 57.5
Sx 51.9
Zy 16.8
Sy 11.0
Lambda f = Lambda of wide flange = bf/2tf 7.80

Lambda p = 65/sqrt(Fy) 9.19 SHAPE IS COMPACT!


Lambda r = 141/sqrt(Fy-10) 22.29
(Lambda f - Lambda p)/(Lambda r - Lambda p) 0.00000

STRONG AXIS CALCULATIONS Cannot get Mpx from Load Factor


Mpx if were compact = Fy*Zx 2875 <-- Selection Table since they
Mrx = (Fy-10)Sx 2076 tabulate Phi Mnx listed below as Mpx
Mnx non-compact = Mpx-(Mpx-Mrx)(Lf-Lp)/(Lr-Lp) 2875 in kip
Phi Mnx non-compact 216 kip ft <-- Also of course check LTB!

WEAK AXIS CALCULATIONS


Mpy = Fy*Zy 840
or Mpy = 1.5*Fy*Sy 825
Mpy compact = Lower of Mp or 1.5*Fy*Sy 825
Mry = (Fy-10)*Sy 440
Mny non-compact = Mpy-(Mpy-Mry)(Lf-Lp)/(Lr-Lp) 825 in kip
Phi Mny non-compact 62 kip ft <-- No need to check LTB.
You may put the instantaneous center of rotation at any point you like. The resulting moments and forces (resisting vs. applied) just won't equal each other.
Calculations are good for any loads, and are based on Ru = 74k, and deltamax = 0.34" deformation for A325 3/4" bolts threaded to the head.
Adjust these final answers to account for (1)Your bolt's area and grade of steel, and (2) The reduced bolt capacity allowed by the LRFD code.
See page 378 (Segui) for an example, except that in all the calculations below, all X and Y input values are referenced to bottom left bolt.
Number of bolts in connection = 7 <--- Note that any rows below this bolt number in the table below are ignored.
X location Y location X location Y location Angle of <--- Angle measured clockwise, from vertically down
of IC of IC of load of load load(deg)
-0.2676928 3.67330518 8 11 0 Elastic Xbar Ybar
Centroid = 1.28571429 3.85714286
Data entry only permitted in colored cells

Use Excel's "Solver" for solution and set TARGET cell J33 equal to max, by changing cells B8:C8, subject to constraints I33=I29 & K33=K29

Fastener # Xref Yref Lcx from IC Lcy from IC r from IC Delta Resistance r*R Rsuby Rsubx
to bolt to bolt to bolt to bolt to bolt Bolt Deform
1 0 0 0.2677 -3.673305179 3.683 0.2348 70.023 257.896 5.089 -69.837
2 3 0 3.2677 -3.673305179 4.916 0.3134 72.210 355.015 47.995 -53.952
3 0 3 0.2677 -0.673305179 0.725 0.0462 42.824 31.029 15.821 -39.794
4 3 3 3.2677 -0.673305179 3.336 0.2127 69.010 230.241 67.590 -13.927
5 0 6 0.2677 2.326694821 2.342 0.1493 64.334 150.674 7.353 63.913
6 3 6 3.2677 2.326694821 4.011 0.2557 70.788 283.958 57.664 41.058
7 0 9 0.2677 5.326694821 5.333 0.3400 72.631 387.373 3.645 72.540
8 0 0 0.2677 -3.673305179 3.683 0.2348 70.023 257.896 5.089 -69.837
9 0 0 0.2677 -3.673305179 3.683 0.2348 70.023 257.896 5.089 -69.837
10 0 0 0.2677 -3.673305179 3.683 0.2348 70.023 257.896 5.089 -69.837

Cell Typical Equation Due to bolt x&y force components: Nifty Function:
J5 = SUM(B16:B25)/COUNT(B16:B25) Moment Sum y Sum x To get only certain cells added:
K5 = SUM(C16:C25)/COUNT(C16:C25) Sum ---> 1696.19 205.16 0.00 <--- =SUM(OFFSET(K16,0,0,D5,1))
D16 = - $B$8+B16
E16 = - $C$8+C16 Due to location of applied forces:
F16 = (D16^2+E16^2)^0.5 Moment Sum y Sum x
G16 = 0.34*(F16/MAX(OFFSET($F$16,0,0,$D$5,1))) Sum ---> 1696.19 205.16 0.00
H16 = 74*(1-EXP(-10*G16))^0.55
I16 = F16*H16 Final force on connection = 205.16 kips to get critical bolt shear force to 0.34" deformation = 72.6 kips
J16 = (D16/F16)*H16 If your bolt nominal strength = 28.86 kips
K16 = (E13/F13)*H13 Nominal force on connection = 80.01 kips to get critical bolt shear force = nominal strength
I29 = SUM(I16:I25) Final allowed force on connection with phi = 0.75 = 60.01 kips
J29 = SUM(J16:J25)
K29 = SUM(OFFSET(K16,0,0,$D$5,1)) Listed value of C in Table 7-12 = 2.77 kips
I33 = J29*(D8-B8)+K29*(E8-C8)
J33 = J29
K33 = J33*TAN((PI()/180)*F8)
Additional notes:
You do not really need to measure from the bottom left bolt. Any reference axis gives the same result.
For doubly symmetric bolt groups, positive 30 degrees gives the same result as negative 30 degrees
ly certain cells added:
FFSET(K16,0,0,D5,1))

0.34" deformation = 72.6 kips

nominal strength
Amplification Factor Input
Shape = W12x53
I about axis of bending (weak or strong) = 95.8 In^4
Loading condition = Uniform
K= 2 ratio
L= 16 feet
Axial load = 12 kips
*Mmax 1 = 8.96 kip feet
**Delta 1 (no axial effects, bending only) = 0.357 inches
Using LRFD Method:
Peuler about axis of bending = ### kips
Final Moment Amplification Factor = 1.0690 using equation
Using Iteration Method:
**Delta 1 (no axial effects) = 0.357 inches
Madded due to Delta 1 = 0.36 kip feet
Delta 2 with Delta effect = 0.358 inches
Madded due to Delta 2 = 0.36 kip feet
Delta 3 with Delta effect = 0.358 inches
Madded due to Delta 3 = 0.36 kip feet
Delta 4 with Delta effect = 0.358 inches
Madded due to Delta 4 = 0.36 kip feet
Delta 5 with Delta effect = 0.358 inches
Madded due to Delta 5 = 0.36 kip feet
Delta 6 with Delta effect = 0.358 inches
Madded due to Delta 6 = 0.36 kip feet
Delta 7 with Delta effect = 0.358 inches
Final Moment Amplification Factor = 1.0400 Without Cm using iteration
*Get from moment tables page 5-162 LRFD Tables.
** Get from deflection tables page 5-162 LRFD Tables.
ng equation
Amplification Factor Now At
1.0398

1.0400

1.0400

1.0400

1.0400

1.0400

1.0400
hout Cm using iteration
Input Input
Top number 59 34.9
Interpolated number 59.11 34.867 <- Output
Bottom number 60 34.6
See EES program
For WF. For other shapes, like angles be sure to multiply tw times 2 for use below.

bf 12 in
tf 1 in
d 8 in
tw 2 in

A1 = 12 in^2
A1y1= 36 in^3
A2 = 6 in^2
A2Y2 = 3 in^3
A1+A2 = 18

AYbar 39
A 18
Xbar = ###
0 100.00%
5 101.29%
10 103.62%
15 106.58% Strength of Weld vs. Angle of Load
20 110.00% =1+0.5*SIN(Radians(A1))^1.5

% Strength
25 113.74%
30 117.68%
35 121.72%
40 125.77%
45 129.73%
50 133.52%
55 137.07%
60 140.30%
65 143.14%
70 145.55%
75 147.47% 0 2 4 6 8 10
80 148.86% Angle of Load (degrees)
85 149.71%
90 150.00%
f Load
^1.5

8 10 12
grees)