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German Phrases

Greetings in German
Hi! Hallo!
Good Morning! Guten Morgen!
Good Evening! Guten Abend!
Welcome! (to greet someone) Willkommen!
How Are You? Wie geht's dir/ Ihnen?
I'm Fine, Thanks! Danke, mir geht's gut!
And You? Und dir/ Ihnen?
Good/ So-So. Gut/ So la-la
Thank You (Very Much)! Danke (vielmals)!/ Vielen Dank!
You're Welcome! (answering "thank you") Gern gescheh'n!/ Keine Ursache!/ Kein Problem!
Hey! Friend! Hey! Kumpel! (only for male people)
I Missed You So Much! Du hast/ Sie haben mir so gefehlt!
What's New? Was gibt's Neues?
Nothing Much Nicht viel.
Good Night! Gute Nacht!
See You Later! Bis spter!
Good Bye! Auf Wiedersehen!/ Tsch!
Help & Directions in German
I'm Lost Ich habe mich verlaufen!
Can I Help You? Kann ich dir/ Ihnen helfen?
Can You Help Me? Kannst du/ Knnen Sie mir helfen?
Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)? Wo ist (das Badezimmer/ die Apotheke?)
Go Straight! Then Turn Left/ Right! Gehen Sie geradeaus! Dann links / rechts abbiegen!
I'm Looking For John. Ich suche John.
One Moment Please! Einen Augenblick, bitte!
Hold On Please! (phone) Bleiben Sie dran, bitte!
How Much Is This? Was kostet das?/ Wie teuer ist das?
Excuse Me ...! ( to ask for something) Entschuldigen Sie bitte...!
Excuse Me! ( to pass by) Darf ich mal vorbei?
Come With Me! Kommen Sie mit!
Personal Info in German
Do You Speak (English/ German)? Sprechen Sie (Englisch/ Deutsch)?
Just a Little. Nur ein bichen.
What's Your Name? Wie heien Sie?
My Name Is . Ich heie... / Mein Name ist...
Mr.../ Mrs./ Miss Herr/ Frau/ Frulein (not used anymore)
Nice To Meet You! Schn, Sie kennenzulernen!
You're Very Kind! Du bist/ Sie sind sehr freundlich!
Where Are You From? Woher kommst du/ kommen Sie?
I'm From (the U.S/ Germany) Ich komme (aus den U.S.A./ aus Amerika / aus Deutschland)
Im (American) Ich bin (Amerikaner)
Where Do You Live? Wo wohnst du/ wohnen Sie?
I live in (the U.S/ Germany) Ich wohne (in den U.S.A./ in Amerika/ in Deutschland)
Did You Like It Here? Gefllt es dir/ Ihnen hier?
Germany Is a Wonderful Country Deutschland ist wunderschn.
What Do You Do For A Living? Was ist dein/ Ihr Beruf?
I Work As A (Translator/ Businessman) Ich bin (bersetzer/Dolmetscher) / Geschftsmann
I Like German Ich mag Deutsch
I've Been Learning German For 1 Month Ich lerne seit einem Monat Deutsch
Oh! That's Good! Oh! Das ist toll!
How Old Are You? Wie alt bist du/ sind Sie?
I'm (twenty, thirty) Years Old. Ich bin (zwanzig, dreiig,...) Jahre (alt).
I Have To Go Ich mu gehen/ los!
I Will Be Right Back! Ich bin sofort wieder da!
Wishes in German
Good Luck! Viel Glck!
Happy Birthday! Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!
Happy New Year! Ein frohes neues Jahr!
Merry Christmas! Frhliche Weihnachten!
Congratulations! (Herzlichen) Glckwunsch!
Enjoy! (For meals) Guten Appetit!
I'd Like To Visit Germany One Day Ich mchte eines Tages (mal) nach Deutschland reisen
Say Hi To John For me. Gr/ Gren Sie John von mir!
Bless you (when sneezing) Gesundheit!
Good Night & Sweet Dreams! Gute Nacht und trum was schnes!
Misunderstanding in German
I'm Sorry! (if you don't hear something) Entschuldigung, ich habe Sie nicht verstanden!
Sorry (for a mistake) Entschuldigung!/ Es tut mir leid!
No Problem! Kein Problem!/ Keine Ursache!
Can You Say It Again? Kannst du/ Knnen Sie das nochmal wiederholen?
Can You Speak Slowly? Kannst du/ Knnen Sie (etwas) langsamer sprechen?
Write It Down Please! Schreib/ Schreiben Sie es bitte auf!
I Don't Understand! Ich verstehe das/ dich/ Sie nicht! (das:that, dich:you, Sie:you polite)
I Don't Know! Ich wei (es) nicht!
I Have No Idea. Ich habe keine Ahnung.
What's That Called In German? Wie heit das auf deutsch?
What Does " gato" Mean In English? Was bedeutet "nacht" auf englisch?
How Do You Say "Please" In German? Wie sagt man "please" auf deutsch?
What Is This? Was ist das (hier)?
My German Is Bad. Mein Deutsch ist schlecht.
I need to practice my German Ich mu (mein) Deutsch ben.
Don't Worry! (Nur) Keine Sorge!
Expressions & Words in German
Good/ Bad/ So-So. gut/ schlecht/ so la-la
Big/ Small gro/ klein.
Today/ Now heute/ jetzt
Tomorrow/ Yesterday morgen/ gestern
Yes/ No ja/ nein
Here You Go! (when giving something) Bitte sehr!/ Bitte schn!
Do You Like It? Gefllt's dir/ Ihnen?
I Really Like It! Mir gefllt es sehr gut!
I'm Hungry/ Thirsty. Ich habe Hunger/ Durst.
In The Morning/ Evening/ At Night. am Morgen/ morgens/ am Abend/ abends/ in der Nacht
This/ That. Here/There dies(es/er/e)/ das. hier/ dort.
Me/ You. Him/ Her. Ich/ Du. Er/ sie
Really! Wirklich?!/ Echt?!
Look! Guck (mal)/ Schau (mal)!
Hurry Up! Beeil dich!/ beeilen Sie sich!
What? Where? was?/ wo?
What Time Is It? Wieviel Uhr ist es?/ Wie spt ist es?
It's 10 o'clock. 07:30pm. Es ist zehn Uhr. Sieben Uhr dreiig/ halb acht.
Give Me This! Gib mir das!
I Love You! Ich liebe dich/ Sie!
I Feel Sick. Ich fhle mich nicht wohl.
I Need A Doctor Ich brauche einen Arzt.
One, Two, Three eins, zwei, drei
Four, Five, Six vier, fnf, sechs
Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten sieben, acht, neun, zehn
German cases are four: the nominative case (subject of the sentence); the accusative case (the
direct object); the dative case (the indirect object), and the genitive case (possessive). Cases are
not something strange to English, pronouns for example use a certain kind of cases, for example
we say he speaks, and give him and not give he, did you see how he became him in
the second example, well the same thing happens in German, the only difference is that in
German its much more widely used, not only in pronouns, even nouns/ adjectives/ articles
use the same thing. The German case indicates the role of an element in a sentence.

German Nominative
The nominative is the easiest case in German and also the one dictionaries use as the standard
form of nouns, adjectives, articlesand refers to the subject of the sentence. The teacher went to
school, The teacher is the subject of the sentence, and therefore The teacher is nominative.
So it will take the nominative form in German, which is Der Lehrer.
Below is a table of some forms of Nominative, you will only know the difference when you will
go through the 3 other cases (accusative, Dative, Genitive).

German Nominative Case


Definite Articles Indefinite Articles Personal Pronouns Adjectives (masc., fem, neuter, plu
Der, die, das, die Ein, Eine, Ein Ich, du, er, sie, Weier, weie, weies, weie
(they all means the) (they all mean a, an) wir, ihr, sie. (all these forms mean white)
(I, you, he, she...)

These are just some examples to show the nominative form of some elements such as articles,
pronouns, adjectives. Note that the nominative case can be used in a much wider scope such as
in Nouns, interrogative pronounswhat comes next will help you notice the difference between
Nominative and what the other 3 German cases.

German Accusative
Now we will learn the second case in German which is the accusative, the good news is that
apart from the masculine, the other 2 genders + the plural (feminine, neuter and plural) look just
like the Nominative. Now lets learn what the accusative really is. The accusative case is
considered the direct object. I see the teacher, the teacher is the direct object of the sentence,
and therefore would take the accusative form, and since the teacher is masculine it will
become in German den Lehrer and not der Lehrer as in the nominative case. I see the
teacher = Ich sehe den Lehrer.

German Accusative Case


Definite Articles Indefinite Articles Personal Pronouns Adjectives (masc., fem, neuter, plu
Den, die, das, die Einen, Eine, Ein mich, dich, ihn, sie, Weien, weie, weies, weie
(they all means the) (they all mean a, an) uns, euch, sie. (all these forms mean white)
(me, you, him, her...)

Lets get adjectives involved as well. I see the young teacher = ich sehe den jungen Lehrer.
Young in German is jung, but since were using the accusative case, then the adjective should
copy the article it follows, which is den/ the = masculine, so den jungen. If you look at the
table above you will understand why we added en after the adjective jung. Now lets get
personal pronouns involved. I see him = ich sehe ihn. Easy, isnt it!

German Dative
Now things will get serious because the dative case is very important in German, and it also
changes in all the 3 genders + the plural (masculine, feminine, neuter and plural). But first lets
learn what the Dative means. The Dative in German is just like the indirect object in English, or
in other words, its like the receiver of the direct object. So for example: I give the book to him,
I is the subject of the sentence, the book is the direct object, and him is the receiver,
therefore also called the indirect object, in which were interested when it comes to the dative
case.
German Dative Case
Definite Articles Indefinite Articles Personal Pronouns Adjectives (masc., fem, neuter)
Dem, der, dem, Einem, Einer, Einem mir, dir, ihm, ihr, Weien, weien, weien, weien
den (they all (they all mean to a, to uns, euch, ihnen. (all these forms mean to white)
means to the) an) (to me, to you, to him, to
her...)

Usually the equivalent of the dative case in English would include to, like our example above,
I give the book to him, I send it to him, I show it to him but in German that to is usually
included in the expression used, for example to him = ihm to the = dem so its not that
complicated after all.

German Genitive
Finally we will learn the genitive in German. Its not used as often as the other cases, but still
has its own importance, because the genitive in German means possession, or in other words it
means the expression of or s. The book of my teacher = das Buch meines Lehrers.

German Genitive Case


Definite Articles Indefinite Articles Personal Pronouns Adjectives (masc., fem, neuter)
Des, der, des, der (they Eines, Einer, Eines mir, dir, ihm, ihr, Weien, weien, weien, weie
all means ofthe) (they all mean of a, of uns, euch, ihnen. (all these forms mean white)
an) (to me, to you, to him, to
her...)

Note that nouns in the masculine and neuter take an s at the end, as in our example: The
book of my teacher = das Buch meines Lehrers.
Feminine and plural nouns dont take any s at the end. More detailed information would be
in the German Nouns page. Also you can check out the adjectives and articles page to see how
they form in different cases with some examples. Good luck!

German Definite Articles


The definite articles in German refer to specific persons, objects, ideasetc. and they are : der,
die, das, die (plural) they all mean the expression the in English, der is used for masculine
nouns, dieis used for feminine nouns, das is used for neuter nouns, and finally die used also for
plural nouns.

German Definite Article


Masculine der Mann (the man)
Feminine die Frau (the woman)
Neuter das Brot (the bread)
Plural die Mnner (the men), die Frauen (the women), die Brote (the breads)
Well, thats not all; the form we went through above is only for the nominative case. Now lets
have a look at all the rest:

German Definite Articles


masculin feminin neuter plural
e e
Nominative case der die das die the
Accusative case den die das die the
Dative case dem der dem den to the
Genitive cases des der des der of the

Here are some examples:


Nominative: der Mann ist hier (the man is here)
Accusative: Ich gre den Mann (I greet the man)
Dative: Ich gebe dem Mann ein Buch (I give the book to the man)
Genitive: Ich habe das Buch des Mannes (I have the book of the man)

You may have noticed how the definite article changes each time the case changes. So try to
memorize the table above by heart, Im sure its not that hard.

German Indefinite Articles


The indefinite articles in German refer to unspecified persons, objects, ideasetc. and they
are: ein, eine, ein, they all mean the indefinite article a, an in English, ein is used for
masculine nouns, eineis used for feminine nouns, ein is used for neuter nouns, and there is no
plural for the indefinite article.

German Indefinite Article


Masculine ein Mann (a man)
Feminine eine Frau (the woman)
Neuter ein Brot (a bread)

Again, thats not all; the form we went through above is only for the nominative case. Now lets
have a look at all the rest:

German Indefinite Articles


masculine feminine neuter
Nominative case ein eine ein a, an
Accusative case einen eine ein a, an
Dative case einem einer einem to a, to an
Genitive cases eines einer eines of a, of an

Here are some examples:


Nominative: ein Mann ist hier (a man is here)
Accusative: Ich gre einen Mann (I greet a man)
Dative: Ich gebe einem Mann ein Buch (I give the book to a man)
Genitive: Ich habe das Buch eines Mannes (I have the book of a man)

So the same thing happens to the indefinite article, it changes each time the case changes. So try
to memorize the table above by heart as well. Good luck!

German Personal Pronouns

The personal (subject) pronouns in German are (ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr, Sie, sie.), and make
the equivalent of (I, you, he, she, it, we, you people, you all, they) in English, usually they take
the nominative form, since theyre the subject of the sentence. Theyre very important and
therefore they must be memorized by heart.
I have a pen = Ich habe einen Kugelschreiber.

Personal Pronouns in German


Singular
I ich
you (familiar) du
you (formal) Sie
he, she, it er, sie, es
Plural
we wir
you (familiar) ihr
you (formal) Sie
they sie

German Object Pronouns

Object pronouns replace the object of a sentence; direct object pronouns take the place of the
direct object nouns, lets take this example I see a man, a man can be replaced in English by
the direct object pronoun him and not he, so it would be I see him, the same thing
happens in German:
Ich sehe einen Mann becomes Ich sehe ihn.
Note that the direct object pronoun in German is associated with the accusative case:

Direct Object Pronouns in German


Singular
me mich
you (familiar) dich
you (formal) Sie
him, her, it ihn, sie, es
Plural
us uns
you (familiar) euch
you (formal) Sie
them sie

The indirect object pronouns (IOP) are used to replace nouns (people or things) in a sentence
to which the action of the verb occurs. In English usually it is preceded by a preposition, I give
the book to Katja, the name Katja is an indirect object noun, to replace it with a pronoun we
would say in English her, in German we would say ihr, note that since the IOP is associated
with the dative, the preposition to that we would usually use in English is not used in German,
or rather we would say that its mixed with the pronoun (look at the table below to understand
the concept better), for example to her in German will become one word ihr.

Indirect Object Pronouns in German


Singular
to me mir
to you (familiar) dir
to you (familiar) Ihnen
to him, to her, to it ihm, ihr, ihm
Plural
to us uns
to you (familiar) euch
to you (formal) Ihnen
to them ihnen

German Possessive Pronouns


The possessive is another aspect that you need to master in German, the possessive pronouns
indicate ownership and they replace a noun just like in English, example: it is my
house becomes it is mine. but while in English you can use mine to the singular and
feminine, in German you have to add an e to for the feminine,

Possessive Pronouns in German


Singular
mine mein/e
yours mein/e
yours (formal) Ihr/e
his, hers, its sein/e
Plural
our unser/e
yours (familiar) eur/e
yours (formal) Ihr/e
theirs ihr/e

Now we will look at possessive adjectives, which are used more than the pronouns weve seen
above. And since were talking about adjectives it means that they will take different forms in
different cases. For example lets have a look at my and our in German:

Possessive Adjectives in German


Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive
Masculine mein meinen meinem meines
Feminine meine meine meiner meiner
Neuter mein mein meinem meines
Plural meine meine meinen meiner

Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive


Masculine unser uns(e)ren uns(e)rem uns(e)res
Feminine uns(e)re uns(e)re uns(e)rer uns(e)rer
Neuter unser unser uns(e)rem uns(e)res
Plural uns(e)re uns(e)re uns(e)ren uns(e)rer

Note that we add an e when we deal with the feminine, either in the singular or the plural; I
put it between parentheses above.

As we have learned in the verbs section, reflexive verbs express an action that acts upon the
subject, and with the reflexive verbs you will find reflexive pronouns, which are placed after of
the conjugated verb, for example: Ich washe mich (I wash myself). Ich stelle mir vor (I imagine
myself). Note that these pronouns have two forms, one with the accusative and another with
the dative. When to use each one of them will depend on the verb, some reflexive verbs are
associated with the accusative, and some others are associated with the dative, you can check
the verbs page to learn more.

German Reflexive Pronouns


Accusative
myself mich
yourself (familiar) dich
yourself (formal) sich
himself, herself, itself sich
ourselves uns
yourselves (familiar) euch
yourselves (formal) sich
themselves sich
Dative
myself mir
yourself (familiar) dir
yourself (formal) sich
himself, herself, itself sich
ourselves uns
yourselves (familiar) euch
yourselves (formal) sich
themselves sich

A brief summery of the pronouns weve learned so far:

German Pronouns
nominative accusative dative genitive
1st singular ich mich mir mein-
2nd singular du dich dir dein-
3rd singular feminine sie sie ihr ihr-
3rd singular masculine er ihn ihm sein-
3rd singular neuter es es ihm sein-
1st plural wir uns uns unser-
2nd plural ihr euch euch eur-
3rd plural sie sie ihnen ihr-
formal (singular and plural) Sie Sie Ihnen Ihr-

German Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstratives usually refer to a previously mentioned noun in a sentence, just like adjectives
they must agree with the gender and number of the noun. The equivalent to them in English
would be this/these.
German Demonstratives
masculine feminine neuter plural
Nominative case dieser diese dieses diese this/ these
Accusative case diesen diese dieses diese this/ these
Dative case diesem dieser diesem diesen to this/ these
Genitive cases dieses dieser dieses dieser of this/ these

Other Pronouns:
Relative Pronouns: in German they are der, die, das (who, that, which), wer, was (who, that)
and welcher (who, that). The gender, number, and case of the relative pronoun should agree
with its antecedent.
Interrogative Pronouns: the most important in German are: wer (who), wen (whom), wem (to
whom), wessen (whose), was (what), welcher (which).
Indefinite pronouns are: all- (all), ander- (other), einig- (one), etwas (some), jed-
(each), kein- (no), nichts (nothing), man (we, one), niemand (no one).

List of German Adjectives


ambitious ehrgeizig
American Amerikaner
annoying rgerlich
bad schlecht
beautiful schn
big, large gro
blonde blondine
boring langweilig
brave tapfer
careless unbesonnen
cautious vorsichtig
certain bestimmt
charming charmant
cheerful frhlich
Chinese Chinesisch
conceited eingebildet
conventional herkmmlich
coward feigling
crazy, nuts verrckt, Nsse
cruel grausam
difficult schwierig
disagreeable unangenehm
dull, boring dumm, langweilig
easy leicht
English Englisch
fake unecht
fat Fett
few, a little wenige, ein wenig
French Franzsisch
frequent hufig
friendly freundlich
fun, amusing lustig, amsant
funny komisch, komisch
general General
generous grozgig
German Deutsch
good gut
handsome hbsch
hard-working fleiig
high, tall hoch, hoch
honest ehrlich
intelligent intelligent
interesting interessant
kind Art
laid-back entspannend
lazy faul
little, small wenig, klein
low, short niedrig, kurz
mean niedrig
modest bescheiden
moody launisch
naive naiv
narrow-minded engstirnig
new neu
nice (person) nett
old alt
perfect vollkommen
personal Persnlicher
pious fromm
polite hflich
poor schlecht
possible mglich
pretty ziemlich
proud stolz
rapid, fast schnell, schnell
realistic realistisch
recent neu
reliable zuverlssig
rich reich
sad jmmerlich
selfish egoistisch
sensitive empfindlich
shy schchtern
silly, dumb dumm, stumm
skinny dnn
slender, slim schlank
slow langsam
small klein
Spanish Spanisch
strict streng
strong stark
stubborn strrisch
talkative gesprchig
trustworthy vertrauenswrdig
ugly hsslich
various verschieden
weak schwach
weird unheimlich
white wei
young jung

Wie heien Sie? (What's your name?),

Ich heie Speak7 , Mein Name ist Speak7 (my name is Speak7 ),

Wie bitte? (I'm sorry, literally: how please?),

Wie gehts? (How is it going? how are things going with you?),

Es geht, und Ihnen? (things are going okay, how about you? It's the answer to "Wie geht's")

Danke, gut! Good, thanks (literally: Thanks, good)

Tsch (bye)
Woher kommen Sie? (Where are you from?)

Ich komme aus Marokko. (I'm from Morocco)

Wo wohnen Sie? (Where do you live?)

Wo ist das? (Where is that?)

Ich verstehe nicht (I don't understand)

Oh, Entschuldigung! (Oh sorry)

Macht nichts (don't worry about it, .or., it's okay)

Danke schn (Thanks a lot)

Es tut mir leid (I'm sorry)

Was machen Sie? (What do you do?)

Was sind Sie von Beruf? (What do you do for a living?)

Ich bin ... (I'm a "your job")

Ich meine. (I mean.)

Wirklich? (Really?)

Ich bin in Frankfurt geboren (I was born in Frankfurt)

Ich bin verheiratet (I.m married)

Ich bin solo (I'm single)

Ja, richtig (yes that's true, or that's correct)


Das stimmt! (exactly!)

Das stimmt nicht (that's not true)

Ich spreche mit einem Akzent (I speak with an accent)

Was ist das? (What is that?)

Sie sprechen zu schnell fr mich (you.re speaking too fast for me)

Was ist los? (What is going on?)

Gar nichts (nothing at all)

Warum nicht? (Why not?)

Wie spt ist es? (What time is it?)

Zehn vor sieben (6:50), zwanzig nach fnf (5:20), viertel vor zehn (9:45)

Kommst du mit? (Are you coming along?)

Kann ich Sie duzen? (Can I use the informal form used in German with you?)

Hier kann man viel Geld ausgeben (you can spend a lot of money here; note that "man" here
means "people, you, one...")

Ich schlage vor, wir gehen ins Kino (I suggest, we go to the movies/ cinema)

Wie lange leben Sie schon hier? (How long have you been living here?)

Wie finden Sie Amerika? (How do you like the U.S?)

Ich habe in Amerika Deutsch gelernt (I learned German in the U.S)


Er hat Sie verstanden (he understood you).

Wie gro ist es? (How big is it?)

Wie viel kostet das? (How much is it?)

Das ist sehr wichtig (it's very important)

Haben Sie Geschwister/ Kinder? (Do you have sisters/ kids?)

Knnen Sie mir helfen? (Can you help me?)

Haben Sie eine Nachricht? (Do you have a message for me?)

Legen Sie nicht auf (don't hang up! "On the phone")

Was kann ich fr Sie tun? (What can I do for you?)

Sag mal! (Tell me!)

Jeden Tag studiere ich Deutsch (every day I study German)

Um wie viel Uhr...? (At what time ...?)

Bis wann? (Till what time?)

Morgen, Nachmittag, Abend (morning, afternoon, evening)

Wann kommen Sie heute? (When are you coming today?)

Von neun bis sechs (from nine to six)

Das wei ich nicht (I don't know about that)


Noch nicht (not yet)

Also, bis dann! (So, see you!)

Toll! (Wow, "or" Awesome!)

Mach schnell! (Hurry up!)

Was haben Sie heute Abend vor? (Do you have any plans for this evening?)

Ich kann Deutsch nur lesen und schreiben, aber nicht sprechen (I can only read and write
German, but cannot speak it)

Darf ich hereinkommen? (Can I come in?)

Ja, natrlich, kommen Sie bitte! (Of course, come in please!)

Nehmen Sie doch bitte Platz! Mgen Sie etwas trinken? (Have a seat, would you like to drink
something?)

Nein, danke, ich will nicht lange bleiben (no, thanks, I will not stay for long)

Darf ich etwas fragen? (Can I ask you something?)

Morgen habe ich wieder Freizeit (tomorrow I have free time again)

Was fehlt Ihnen? (What's wrong? are you okay?)

Auf keinen Fall (by no means)

Auf jeden Fall (by all means)

Viel Erfolg (good luck!)