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COMPETENCE 8 OIC ENGINE

Which of the following is a block having two sheaves of


different diameters, placed in the same plane one above Block Fiddle
the other?
Which is a single sheave block having one side of the
frame hinged so that it can be opened to allow the
bight of a rope to be placed on the sheave, thus Block Snatch
avoiding the necessity of threading the end of the
rope through the swallow of the block?
Reduction gear lube oil temperatures for keel cooler higher than raw water
installations are generally _________. cooled installations

Which of the substances listed is satisfactorily


Carbon particles
removed from the fuela centrifugal oil purifier?
What is the purpose of a hydraulic valve lash Compensates for the
adjuster? expansion and
contraction of the
valve stem due to
changes in operating
temperature
What reading will be obtained if we use a dry Very inaccurate
uncoated sounding rod or tape to measure the depth
of water in a reserve feed water tank?
If the temperature in a hot air manifold were found to
be 122oF, what will be the equivalent reading on the 50oC
centigrade scale?

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Which of the listed fuel oil ignition methods are
A high energy electric
commonly found on automatically fired auxiliary
spark
boilers aboard merchant vessels?
What maybe the cause of injection lag in a diesel The diesel fuel used
engine? having a high
viscosity
A lube oil filter can be used to remove most
contaminants from lube oil. What contaminant will Fuel/Diesel oil
remain in the lube oil after filtering?
Diesel engines driving alternators operating in
parallel must maintain a set frequency regardless of
Compensation
load changes. What is the governor characteristic
used to accomplish this?
What might be the cause of excessive vibration of an
Combustion pulses
automatically fired auxiliary boiler?
A pneumercator is an instrument used to indicate tank fluid level
_____.

What should you do first before any work is to be Close all manually
carried out on a burner in an automatically fired operated fuel valves
boiler?
What reading will be obtained if we use a dry Very inaccurate
uncoated sounding rod or tape to measure the depth
of water in a reserve feed water tank?

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What would be the possible cause of high diesel Air in the cooling
engine cooling water temperatures? system

Diesel engine control can be obtained by the bridge only after the engine
__________. room control station is
switched to Bridge
Control
Where is the contaminated oil enters the centrifuge in At the top through the
a disk type centrifugal purifier? regulating tube
Why is condensate being pumped from the Condensate should
condenser to the DC heater instead of directly to the be deaerated before
boiler? entering the boiler

The device most commonly used to measure


theexhaust gas temperature of a diesel engine pyrometer
cylinder is called a _______.
Exhaust valve grooving and corrosion is caused by
certain components of residual fuel oil. These vanadium
components are sodium, sulfur, and ___________.
A dirty atomizer sprayer plate in the burner of an an unevenly shaped
auxiliary boiler, would be indicated by ________. burner flame
Which of the following statements is true concerning Centrifuging is more
the centrifuging of lubricating oil? efficient when the oil
is preheated prior to
centrifuging

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Why do most temperature control valves in diesel excessive cooling
engine closed freshwater cooling systems bypass would take place in
theflow of jacket water around the cooler instead of the heat exchangers
around the engine? at high loads
Which system should be tested and used when
Auxiliary feed system
required to raise the water level in an idle boiler?
A pyrometer is capable of producing a voltage by heating a junction of
_____. two dissimilar metals
The DC heater functions to _____. Store, heat, and
deaeratefeedwater

Excessive lubricating oil consumption in a excessive valve-guide


runningdiesel engine can be caused by _________. clearance
Increasing the valve clearance between a valve stem staying open for a
and rocker arm, will in the valve ________. shorter period of time

Valve lash, or clearance refers to the _________. clearance between


the top of the valve
stem and the rocker
arm
Crank web deflection readings will give a positive worn main bearing
indication of ___________. journals
Cooling water pumps driven by direct-reversing straight impeller vane
diesel engines are usually ______. with concentric
housing

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A boiler feed stop-check valve would be located at Economizer
the _____. discharge
Rapidly discharging condensate into the DC heater Decrease in auxiliary
during normal steaming conditions could cause exhaust pressure
_____.

Most large main propulsion diesel engines use a ensure a positive flow
duplex lube oil strainer to _______. of oil at all times

Throttling a burner air register on an auxiliary boiler smoky boiler


could result in ________. operation
Significant retardation of diesel engine fuel injection reduced engine
timing will result in _________. power
Which of the following problems can cause cavitation in the
fluctuating pressure in the closed cooling system of a cooling water pump
main propulsion diesel engine?
The effective stroke of a constant-stroke, individual,
control rack
fuel injection pump is varied by the __________.
The minimum design height of the DC heater is Minimum net positive
determined by the _____. suction head required
by the main
feedpump
You are operating a main propulsion diesel engine at
a piston about to
a constant load when the jacket temperature begins
seize
to rise. This could be caused by _________.
The bulk of the solid material entering a centrifugal
trapped in the bowl
purifier with lube oil is ________.

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The DC heater automatic level dump valve is used to Drain excess
_____. feedwater to the
distilled water tank

While at sea, the flash type evaporator is discharging Continue the current
the output to the distill tanks. If it becomes evaporator operation
necessary to reduce the feed water temperature
below 165oF, you should _____.

Exhaust pyrometer readings provide an indication of distribution of the load


the _______. between engine
cylinders
Fuel combustion in a diesel engine cylinder should continue through the
begin just before the piston reaches top dead center after-burning period
and should ___________.
The main propulsion diesel engine jacket water
temperature rises above normal, with the raw water
Faulty thermostatic
sea suction and the expansion tank water level being
bypass valve
normal. Which of the following problem is most likely
the cause?
The purpose of an oil mist detector in a main a possible overheated
propulsion diesel engine is to warn of bearing
_____________.
During cold ship start-up you should open the
Avoid running the
feedwater outlet and condensate valves to a DC
feed pump dry
heater in order to _____.

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Which of the filters listed will deplete the additives in Adsorbent filter
lubricating oil?

A burned exhaust valve may be detected by a higher exhaust temperature


than normal _______. from a particular
cylinder
Mist detectors used on large low-speed and medium
lube oil vapors in the
speed main propulsion diesel engines monitor and
crank case
check for the presence of __________.
Improper maintenance of an automatic auxiliary decreased boiler
boiler oil burner could result in ______. efficiency

A change in engine speed is required before a


governor is able to make a corrective movement of
fuel rack. This aspect of governing is commonly governor sensitivity
expressed as a percent and is known as
___________.
Sensitivity for a diesel engine governor is described percent of speed
as the ___________. change necessary for
corrective action by
the fuel control

Reducing the clearance between a valve stem and having a longer


rocker arm will result in the valve __________. duration of opening

Diesel engine injection lag is caused by compressibility of the


____________. fuel

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Which of the following procedures decreases the
total dissolved solids concentration in the water of an Bottom blowing
auxiliary boiler?
Air trapped in the hydraulic fluid of a steering system I, II & III
would be indicated by _____. I. An improper rudder
response II. Hammering noises in the equipment or
transmission lines III. Popping or sputtering noises
Which of the DC heater operations listed will result in
excessive dissolved oxygen in boiler water? I.
Excessively high water level in the heater II. Adding I, II & III
excessive make up feed III. Operating the heater with
a closed air vent
In a flash-type evaporator, an electrical salinity cell
would be installed in the _____. I. Distillate outlet
from the distillate cooler II. Distilate inlet to the I, II & III
distillate cooler III. Condensate drains from the
distiller feedwater heater
Salinity cells are strategically installed in flash type
distilling units to indicate the _____. I. presence of
Neither I nor II
leaks in the flash chambers II. quantity of the distillate
produced
Engine protection by means of an alarm or shutdown I, II & III
control can be obtained with devices that are
sensitive to ___________. I. temperature II. pressure
III. engine speed

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What would be the result of adding phosphate
compounds into the cooling system of a diesel
II only
engine? I. Protect the coolant from freezing II.Protect
metallic surfaces from the corrosion
A large low speed main propulsion diesel engine may
become overloaded by ________. I. A heavily fouled both I and II
hull II. Strong head winds and heavy seas
The exhaust system for a turbocharged two-stroke
/cycle diesel engine functions to _______. I.
discharge exhaust gases and smoke II. furnish I, II & III
energy to the turbocharger III. reduce engine room
noise
If oil is dripping from the burner of a coil-type auxiliary
steam generator, the cause may be _______. I. the
oil valve not seating properly II. a loose boiler burner I, II & III
nozzle III. carbon on the burner nozzle causing
deflection of oil spray
If the fuel/air ratio in an automatically fired auxiliary I, II & III
boiler is insufficient, the result could lead to _______.
I. inefficient combustion II. dark smoke III. automatic
shutdown
The control system for a controllable pitch propeller
can be programmed _____________. I. to produce a
both I and II are
maximum combined propeller and engine efficiency
correct
between pitch and a give engine speed II. For
continuous operation of the engine at preset

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conditions

If a crankcase explosion occurs in a diesel engine, allow the engine to


you should stop the engine and ___________. cool down naturally
before opening the
inspection covers

When an auxiliary boiler is panting and emitting black increase the air
smoke, you should ______. supply

In diesel engines, hydraulic valve lifters are used to reduce valve gear
_________. pounding

In a diesel engine exhaust system, the cooling of the


exhaust gases below their dew point will result in sulfuric acid corrosion
______.

Which of the following will have the greatest effect on


Increasing the quality
the mean effective pressure in a cylinder of a diesel
of the fuel-air mixture
engine operating at normal load?

Some fuel injection systems utilize port-and-helix Injection has a


metering. Which of the following statement describes constant beginning
a system timed for port closing? and variable ending

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Which of the following conditions could cause black
improper turbine shaft
smoke to be discharged from the stack of an auxiliary
speed in the atomizer
boiler equipped with turbine-driven rotary cup
assembly
atomizers?
What is the purpose of a hydraulic valve lash Compensates for the
adjuster? expansion and
contraction of the
valve stem due to
changes in operating
temperature
The highest pressure in any closed diesel engine cooling water pump
freshwater cooling system is at the ____. inlet
The longer ignition delay period resulting from the higher cylinder firing
use of low cetane fuel, will result in pressure
___________________.
The bearing used to support the crankshaft of a
main bearings
diesel engine are generally called _________.
The overspeeding of the diesel engine driving an damage to the field
electric generator could cause _____. windings

Reduction gear lube oil temperatures for keel cooler higher than raw water
installations are generally _________. cooled installations

Which of the substances listed is satisfactorily


Carbon particles
removed from the fuel b a centrifugal oil purifier?

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