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Emma Ivory

Mr. W
Honors U.S. History
18 January 2017

In the 1800s and especially the mid 1800s tensions were high between the
North and the South. There has always been some tension due to the question of
slavery but during this time the United Nations seem to be falling apart. Both the
North and the South had strong opinions about how slavery should be dealt with,
and time and time again their opinions were clashing. The North wanted slavery
abolished or not to expand anymore, and the South wanted the expansion of
slavery to continue. This disagreement lead to the bloodshed of American soldiers
on many accounts. Several controversies over the extension of slavery into the
western territories contributed to the coming of the civil war, they were the
compromise of 1850, the Kansas Nebraska Act, and the Freeport Doctrine.
The Compromise of 1850, was made because slavery was not going to be
permitted in the western territories due to a higher law than the constitution. The
south was foaming at the mouth, they threatened secession. However, Henry Clay
came up with the Compromise of 1850, this saved the North from a war they
werent ready and postponed the civil war roughly 10 years. The compromise of
1850 contributed to the coming of the Civil War because the concessions for the
North were greater than those of the South. The North received California as a Free
State, the disputed territory of New Mexico and Texas to be surrendered to New
Mexico and the abolition of the slave trade in Washington D.C. Whereas the South
received, Texas getting 10 million dollars, New Mexico, and Utah open to popular
sovereignty, and stricter fugitive slave laws. As an outcome of the Compromise of
1850 the South felt they were treated unfair. The big contribution to the coming of
the Civil War is that it won the union the war. With the war being delayed a decade,
it gave the North time to accumulate the material and moral strength to fight this
war. Essentially the Compromise of 1850 won the Union the Civil War.
The Kansas Nebraska Act greased the slippery slope to the civil war. This Act
was introduced by Stephen Douglas; he said that Kansas and Nebraska were open
for popular Sovereignty. This means that the state could vote on whether or not
they wished to be a slave state or a free state. Douglas did this to try and gain
support of the South so he could build a transcontinental railroad. Not only did the
Kansas Nebraska Act lead to the start of the Republican Party, but it lead to
Bleeding Kansas. Bleeding Kansas is the name of the violent out break when pro-
slavery Missourians invades Kansas and tried to get people to vote the state to be a
slave stat. the Missourians and the anti-slavery settlers clashed and as a result
turned to violence. There were then two Constitutions for this state, heated debates
and violent repercussions took place to decide which was the official constitution.
Due to this the Whig Party was split. This in a way foreshadows the split of the
nation into the U.S.A and the confederate States of America. Kansas Nebraska Act
and Bleeding Kansas are in a way, a preview of whats to come of our nation
splitting into North and south, whereas this tie it is just the state splitting. These two
historical events contributed to the coming of the Civil War because they began to
rip the nation into the North and South.
The Freeport Doctrine was also a main contribution to the coming of the Civil
War. It started with Lincoln challenging Douglas to a debate for Douglass senate
chair. Douglas agrees, Lincoln asks him Can a state turn down slavery despite the
Dred Scot decision? Douglas responds with, they can limit slave laws. This
essentially led to the split of the Democratic Party. For the 1860 election the
Northerners trusted Douglas as their elect but the South, from the Freeport Doctrine
saw him as a traitor. The South had Breckinridge run for the presidency. South
Carolina said if Lincoln were to win the presidency they would secede from the USA.
The Republican candidate or the minority won; Lincoln won the election of 1860.
Therefore at the Charleston Convention, South Carolina unanimously seceded, soon
11 more states joined, and they formed the Confederate States of America. The
Freeport Doctrine was an indirect cause 01 of the Civil war or in other words it
contributed. It was more or less a domino effect, the Doctrine led to the split of the
Democratic Party, which led to Lincoln being able to win and that led to the
secession of the south, creating the Confederate Sates which is why the war was
fought. The Freeport Doctrine was the start of many things leading to the civil War.
All in all, the Compromise of 1850, the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Freeport
Doctrine were controversies over extension of slavery into the western territories
that greatly contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Some of which might not
have directly caused the civil war but thy definitely contributed to the outbreak of
the Civil War.

Short Answer:
I believe that the essential cause of this massive conflict were the
nationalist/cultural differences that existed between the North and South. The
problem was that both the North and the South thought they were morally correct.
The North primarily believed in the abolition of slavery; or at least to stop the
expansion of slavery. The South thought that was unfair; they saw slavery as
morally correct because the slaves were fed, clothed, sheltered, and Christianized
and they saw slavery as essential to their life style. They thought that the North was
in the wrong for trying to dictate their policies. The North totally disagreed; they
saw slavery as morally incorrect. However when the south heard that, they pointed
the finger right back at the North saying look at your own wage slaves that is much
worse. The North would then bring up how they are free and noting being punished.
One could go back and forth with the North and Souths opinions, so with opinions
that strong and tensions that high they saw violence as the best way to solve it, so
the Civil War broke out.