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Time Q Velocity Re f h

14 0.000357 3.758086 51387.25 0.0218 1.046164


13.5 0.00037 3.897274 53290.48 0.0216 1.11477
13 0.000385 4.04717 55340.12 0.0214 1.19104
12.5 0.0004 4.209056 57553.72 0.0209 1.25813
12 0.000417 4.384434 59951.79 0.0205 1.825951
11 0.000455 4.783019 65401.96 0.02 2.120032
10.5 0.000476 5.010781 68516.34 0.0198 2.30348
10 0.0005 5.26132 71942.15 0.0196 2.513934
9.5 0.000526 5.538232 75728.58 0.0195 2.771311
9 0.000556 5.845912 79935.73 0.0193 3.056118
8.5 0.000588 6.189789 84637.83 0.0191 3.390731
8 0.000625 6.576651 89927.69 0.0189 3.787736
7.5 0.000667 7.015094 95922.87 0.0188 4.286799
7 0.000714 7.516172 102774.5 0.0186 4.868719
6.5 0.000769 8.094339 110680.2 0.0182 5.52513
6 0.000833 8.768867 119903.6 0.0179 6.377469
5.5 0.000909 9.566037 130803.9 0.0175 7.420112
5 0.001 10.52264 143884.3 0.0171 8.773117
4.5 0.001111 11.69182 159871.5 0.0168 10.64099
4 0.00125 13.1533 179855.4 0.0161 12.90636
3.5 0.001429 15.03234 205549 0.0157 16.43847
3 0.001667 17.53773 239807.2 0.0154 21.94704
2.5 0.002 21.04528 287768.6 0.015 30.78287
2 0.0025 26.3066 359710.8 0.014 44.89168
1.5 0.003333 35.07547 479614.4 0.01375 78.3823
1 0.005 52.6132 719421.5 0.01275 163.534
0.5 0.01 105.2264 1438843 0.01125 577.1787

Time Velocity Measured h


6.5 8.094 6.03
6.8 7.737 5.43
7 7.516 5.12
7.6 6.923 4.43
8 6.577 4.15
8.3 6.339 4.16
8.7 6.047 3.72
9.3 5.657 3.34
10 5.261 2.93
11 4.783 2.46

log u log h
0.908163 0.780317
0.888573 0.7348
0.875987 0.70927
0.840294 0.646404
0.818028 0.618048
0.802021 0.619093
0.78154 0.570543
0.752586 0.523746
0.721068 0.466868
0.6797 0.390935

11 0.000455 4.783019 65401.96 0.02 2.120032


10 0.0005 5.26132 71942.15 0.0196 2.513934
9.5 0.000526 5.538232 75728.58 0.0195 2.771311
8.3 0.000602 6.33894 86677.29 0.019 3.53749
8 0.000625 6.576651 89927.69 0.0189 3.787736
7.5 0.000667 7.015094 95922.87 0.0188 4.286799
7.3 0.000685 7.207288 98550.89 0.0187 4.500841
7 0.000714 7.516172 102774.5 0.0186 4.868719
6.7 0.000746 7.852717 107376.3 0.0184 5.25734
6.5 0.000769 8.094339 110680.2 0.0182 5.52513
Theory Graph
700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120

Graph of head loss versus flow velocity


7
6
5

h, m H20 4
3
2
1
0
4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5

v, m/s

Graph of log h versus log u


0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
log h 0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
log h 0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95

log u
1.951189

1.790281

100 120

5 8 8.5

2.3
2.82
3.08
3.96
4.35
4.13
4.55
4.68
0.9 0.95 4.64
6.05
Smooth pipe
Time Velocity Measured h
6.5 8.094 6.03
6.8 7.737 5.43
7 7.516 5.12
7.6 6.923 4.43
8 6.577 4.15
8.3 6.339 4.16
8.7 6.047 3.72
9.3 5.657 3.34
10 5.261 2.93
11 4.783 2.46

Rough pipe
Time Q Velocity Re f h Measured h
22 0.000227 1.286101 23980.72 0.0257 0.144442
21 0.000238 1.347343 25122.66 0.0256 0.157909
20.5 0.000244 1.380205 25735.4 0.0253 0.163764
20 0.00025 1.414711 26378.79 0.0252 0.171374
19 0.000263 1.489169 27767.15 0.0249 0.187628
5.5 0.000909 5.144402 95922.87 0.02 1.798496
5 0.001 5.658842 105515.2 0.0198 2.154419
4.8 0.001042 5.894628 109911.6 0.0197 2.325887
4.5 0.001111 6.287603 117239.1 0.0195 2.619477
4 0.00125 7.073553 131893.9 0.0192 3.264271
Measured h
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.25
2.22
2.21
2.26
2.53
3.45