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# FORCES and MOTION

## a. Speed, Velocity and Acceleration

a. Speed/ average speed is defined as the distance moved per time, and hence,
the equation for speed is :

Q1 1. If S for speed, d for distance travelled and t for time, then show that S=d/t.

## 4. Show that 3.6km/h = m/s.

Q2 Calculate the average speed of a car that travels 2500m in 500 seconds.

Q3 Calculate the average speed of a bus that travels 150km in 2.5 hours.

Q4 How far, in meters, will a train travel in 500 seconds at an average speed of 25
m/s?

10000 m/s?

km/h?

30 000 km/h?

## Q8 How long, in seconds, should a person take to travel 2000m at an average

speed of 4m/s?

Q9 How long, in seconds, should a rocket take to travel 1 000 000m at an average
speed of 20 000m/s?

## Sanjaya Perera(BSc(Hons).Maths(Sp)) - 0773 440 468 Page 1

FORCES and MOTION
Revision Paper 01- Edexcel IGCSE in Physics

## b. Velocity is a physical vector quantity; both magnitude and direction are

needed to define it.
Velocity is defined as a measure of the distance an object travels in a stated
direction (displacement) in a given length of time, and hence, the equation for
velocity is:
( )
=

Q10 1. If V for velocity, d for displacement and t for time, then show that V=d/t.

## c. Acceleration is a physical vector quantity; both magnitude and direction are

needed to define it.
Acceleration is defined as the rate at which objects change their velocity, and
hence, the equation for acceleration is:

=

Q11 1. If a for acceleration, u for initial velocity, v for final velocity and t for time
taken for change velocity, then show that a=(v-u)/t.

## 3. What is meant by deceleration?

Q12 A car is travelling at 40m/s. It accelerates steadily for 10seconds until velocity
becomes 70m/s. What is its acceleration?

## Sanjaya Perera(BSc(Hons).Maths(Sp)) - 0773 440 468 Page 2

FORCES and MOTION
Revision Paper 01- Edexcel IGCSE in Physics

Q13 Calculate the acceleration of a rocket the moves from rest (0 m/s) to 1000 m/s
in 20 seconds.

Q14 By how much does the velocity of a cyclist change in 2 seconds when
accelerating at 5 m/s2?

Q15 What is the final velocity of a rocket after 30 seconds if it accelerates at 50m/s2
from 100 m/s?

Q16 What is the initial velocity of a bus if after 4 seconds of accelerating at 3m/s2 it
reaches 18 m/s?

## Q17 An object strikes the ground travelling at 20m/s. It is brought to rest in

0.05seconds. What is its acceleration? Explain the negative sign of your

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b. Distance-time graphs
a. Gradient of the distance (Y-axis) Vs time (X-axis) graph denotes speed.
i. A straight line sloping upwards means it has a steady speed.
ii. A horizontal line means the object is stopped.
iii. A steeper gradient means a higher speed.
iv. A curved line means the speed is changing.
v. A straight line sloping downwards means it has a steady speed
and a steady velocity in the negative direction.

Q1 Using given details, sketch a distance-time graph to show the motion of a car
between two junctions (A to C).

## Start from junction A at t=t0

Moving quickly from A to B and reached to B at t=t1
Stop for a moment and start its journey again from B at t=t2
Moving slowly from B to junction C and end its journey at t=t3

Q2 Show that the average speed of the above car for its whole journey is

.
( )

## Sanjaya Perera(BSc(Hons).Maths(Sp)) - 0773 440 468 Page 3

FORCES and MOTION
Revision Paper 01- Edexcel IGCSE in Physics

## Q3 Following distance-time graph shows a car travelling along a road, starting

from the city O to the city G.
Distance Vs Time
120

100 E
Distance/km

80

60 D
C
40

20
A B
0
F
O G
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Time/h

I. Discuss the travelling behavior of the car from OA, AB, BC, CD,
DE, EF and FG respectively.
(Hint: uniform speed, not moving, speed changing, accelerating, positive direction, negative
direction, deceleration)
II. What is the total time that the car is stopped during its travel?
III. Compare the speed difference between OA and DE.
IV. Find the speed of the car between EF.
V. Find the average speed of the whole journey.
VI. What can you say about the city O (starting location) and city G (ending
location)?

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c. Velocity-time graphs
a. Gradient of the velocity (Y-axis) Vs time (X-axis) graph denotes acceleration.
i. A straight line sloping upwards means it has a uniform
acceleration.
ii. A horizontal line means the object is moving uniform velocity.
iii. The area under the graph is equal to the travelled distance.
iv. A straight line sloping downwards means it has a uniform
acceleration in the negative direction/ deceleration.

## Sanjaya Perera(BSc(Hons).Maths(Sp)) - 0773 440 468 Page 4

FORCES and MOTION
Revision Paper 01- Edexcel IGCSE in Physics

## Q1 Using following details, sketch a velocity-time graph to show the motion of a

car between two junctions (A to C).

## Start from junction A with the initial speed U at t=0.

Velocity of the car increases until becomes V, within time t and reaches to
the junction B.
Then the car moves with the uniform velocity V during time T and reaches
to Junction C.
I. Show that the acceleration (a) of the car within first time t is given by
( )
= .
II. Show that the distance (S) travelled with uniform velocity (V) by the
car within time T is given by = .

## Q2 Using following details, sketch a velocity-time graph to show the motion of a

bike rider on a straight road.

Velocity Vs Time
120

100 F
Velocity (m/s)

80

60 D
E
40

20 C
B
G H
0
A
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Time (s)

I. Discuss the travelling behavior of the rider from AB, BC, CD, DE,
EF, FG and GH respectively.
II. What is the total time that the rider is stopped during his ride?
III. Compare the acceleration difference between AB and EF.
IV. Find the deceleration of the bike after apply the brake between FG.
V. How far he rides the bike after apply the brake (FG).

## Sanjaya Perera(BSc(Hons).Maths(Sp)) - 0773 440 468 Page 5

FORCES and MOTION
Revision Paper 01- Edexcel IGCSE in Physics

VI. How far he rides the bike under uniform velocity {(BC) &(DE)}.

## Q3 A car is travelling at 20m/s. It accelerates uniformly at 3m/s2 for 5 seconds.

I. Draw a velocity-time graph for the car during the period that it is
accelerating. Include numerical detail on the axes of your graph.
II. Calculate the distance which car travels while it is accelerating.

## Q4 Plot a velocity-time graph using the data in the following table.

v(m/s) 0.0 2.5 5.0 7.5 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
t(s) 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0
I. The acceleration during the first 4 seconds.
II. The distance travelled in the last 6 seconds of the motion shown.

## Q5 Consider the following velocity-time graph;

12

10
velocity (m/s)

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
time (s)

## I. Find the acceleration and deceleration.

II. Find the total distance travelled by the person shown in the graph.

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