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GE Aviation

Engine Condition Monitoring

Derate

and

Reduced Thrust

GE Aviation Engine Condition Monitoring Derate and Reduced Thrust
GE Aviation Engine Condition Monitoring Derate and Reduced Thrust
GE Aviation Engine Condition Monitoring Derate and Reduced Thrust
GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL T HE P OWER Terminology Terminology Derate : Takeoff at a

DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL

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TerminologyTerminology

Derate: Takeoff at a rating less than maximum takeoff thrust

• Rating with separate limitations and performance data in the AFM.

• Corresponds to an “alternate” thrust setting (e.g. 27K to 26K)

• The derated thrust setting becomes an operating limitation for takeoff.

Reduced Thrust: A thrust setting lower than the rating selected

(e.g assumed temperature)

• This is not a limitation for the takeoff. ( i.e., full thrust may be selected at any time during the takeoff)

Note: On some installations “derated thrust” and “reduced thrust” can be used together

(e.g., a derated thrust can be selected and thrust further reduced using the assumed temperature method)

be used together (e.g., a derated thrust can be selected and thrust further reduced using the

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Page 7-2

GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL T HE P OWER Derate Derate Diagnostics uses takeoff data to

DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL

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DerateDerate

Diagnostics uses takeoff data to compute the amount of engine “derate”

(i.e. “reduced thrust” / operation below “rated thrust”)

• required input -- altitude, TAT, Mach, fan speed, and bleed status

• two derate values calculated

 
 

— Fan speed derate

(DELN1)

— Thrust derate

(DELFN)

Measured fan speed is compared to the predicted fan speed necessary for “full-rated” thrust at the flight condition (power-management fan speed)

Deriving full-power fan-speed most challenging aspect

• “power-management” fan speed at takeoff flight conditions

• adjusted for air conditioning and anti-ice bleed

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GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL T HE P OWER Derate Derate Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate

DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL

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DerateDerate CalculationsCalculations

% Thrust Derate
% Thrust
Derate

PM

Projected

FNK

Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate
Calculations Calculations % Thrust Derate PM Projected FNK Power management (PM) thrust curve Fan Speed Derate

Power management (PM) thrust curve

Fan Speed Derate = N1KPM - N1Kmeasured

Thrust Derate = 100 x (1 - FNKmeasured ) FNKPM

Derate = N1K PM - N1K measured Thrust Derate = 100 x (1 - FNK measured

PM

Measured

N1K

Fan Speed

Derate

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Page 7-4

GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL T HE P OWER Comments About “Derate” Derate Derate (Cont.) (Cont.)

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Comments About “Derate”

DerateDerate (Cont.)(Cont.)

• Thrust Derate (DELFN) is measured in %

• DELFN = 0, when the engine is operated at full-rated thrust

• Positive DELFN indicates the engine is being run at a “derate” or Reduced Thrust

• Negative DELFN indicates that the engine is being “over-boosted”

• Hydro-mechanically controlled engines often experience negative DELFN.

(generally no more than –10% and it occurs intermittently)

• Engines with regular negative DELFN should be checked for proper engine control functioning (PMC on MEL)

• Switching from “Bleeds OFF” to “Bleeds On” during Takeoff can cause an error in Takeoff thrust management, which shows up as negative DELFN

(over-boosting)

• All engines should experience full-rated thrust (DELFN = 0) at some point in time.

— For engines that do not, check the thrust configuration in the Diagnostics system or look for N1 indication errors.

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GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION
GE AVIATION DIAGNOSTICS TRAINING MANUAL T HE P OWER Example Example of of “Thrust “Thrust Derate”

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ExampleExample ofof “Thrust“Thrust Derate”Derate” VariationVariation OverOver TimeTime

Example Example of of “Thrust “Thrust Derate” Derate” Variation Variation Over Over Time Time

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