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A Novel Active Front-End Impedance Source Inverter

Topology for Induction Motor Drives

Abstract: The mark-to-market research says on fast switching


solidstate semiconductor switch based power adjustable speed
drives, induces very high voltage gradient on motor terminals.
This in turn results in travelling wave effects and high ground
currents. In order to tap the advantages of impedance source
inverter in conjunction with Active Front End (AFE) of the input
switching module, a modified topology of the former has been
introduced in this paper. The input AFE output power has been
bifurcated and applied to the impedance network of the Z-
Source inverter. It produced smoother and smaller current or
voltage maintained across the dc input of the inverter hence
eliminated the need of a passive filter and results in lower Total
Harmonic Distortion (THD). The simulation of the proposed
power circuit has been done in MATLAB/Simulink and control
unit was in PROTEUS Software. The design procedure of the proposed
circuit has been elucidated and experimental validation was done.

Index terms Active Front End Inverter, Impedance Source Inverter,


Common Mode Voltage.

I. INTRODUCTION

Among the semiconductor based switching modules, IGBT


based modules gains popularity due the capability of high
switching frequency, less switching losses and ability to cope
with complex switching algorithms. The power connection to
the motor leads to develop transients, dv/dt and it result in
bearing damages, EMI concerns and hike in motor terminal
voltage [1][12]. To reap the benefits of active filters,
alternatively we can make use of active front-end inverter
topology. Impedance source inverters are preferred to voltage
source and current source inverters since it improves the
voltage level of the input voltage of the inverter section. In
addition, it gives lesser amount of output current and voltage
spikes.

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