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Annotated Bibliography

The Blurred Line of Sex: Rape vs Mistake

Dakota Theuner

Professor Malcolm Campbell

UWRT 1104

March 16, 2017

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Campus Sexual Violence: Statistics | RAINN." Campus Sexual Violence: Statistics | RAINN. N.p., n.d.

Web. 16 Mar. 2017.

This article was pulled from the website which discusses statistics and basic information on

sexual assault and rape on college campuses, on different age groups, the causes and help

resources. The main points that came from this article included statistics comparing college

women and their experience with sexual assault to non-college women, college women versus

college men, sexual assault compared to robbery, and reports made. Overall, college students,

especially women, are way more likely to experience sexual assault or rape. While this is the

case, only 20 percent of these women report their cases for a variety of reason such as them

believing it was a personal matter and wanting to avoid trouble and reprisal. This website is a

credible source to find information from because their numbers are attained through other

reliable sources like the Department of Justice and the Association of American Universities.

This site presents general information of rape and assault statistics in a way thats easily

accessible and understood by the general public. This specific article was on the shorter side, but

provided solid information related to my topic. Im using information from this article in my

essay because it helped me understand some basic facts. On RAINNs site I found other articles

that gave me statistics and information on sexual assault in general which I also found useful for

my research.
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Russell, Tiffany D., et al. "Sexually Violent Women: The PID-5, Everyday Sadism, and Adversarial

Sexual Attitudes Predict Female Sexual Aggression and Coercion against Male

Victims." Personality & Individual Differences, vol. 111, June 2017, pp. 242-249. EBSCOhost

This article was published in a scholarly journal about research and experiments conducted to try

to explain why people are sexually violent. Primarily, this article was trying to draw attention to

the fact that women can be sexual perpetrators even though men are typically thought of first. I

attained statistics, and information and results from the experiment and research from this article.

The researchers believe that there are many causes that directly lead to women that tend to be

more sexually violent. Different types of sadism, like verbal, physical and vicarious, are

characteristics of people that can lead to being more violent. Women that have admitted to

committing sexual assault against a man or women used tactics like coercion, physical force,

intoxicants, and verbal threats. 16 to 41 percent of men have claimed to be sexually assaulted by

a woman. These men stated tactics used against them were the ones stated above and they also

said the women questioned their sexuality and made them feel emasculated. A big point made in

this article stated that high occurrences of sexual violence and rape in todays world could be a

result of our culture. Residing in a general patriarch-dominated society has led to contradicting

attitudes and misleading judgement towards a healthy sexual relationship. Having a mindset like

this leads to dishonest communication and is more prevalent in people who are sexually

aggressive. When I originally found this article, I thought it would contain slightly different

information. I thought it was going to talk more about when women have victimized not why

they victimize. This was still a good information source for my essay. It provided another point

of view to consider when writing about sexual assault. Its not a contradicting point of view but

gives different insight and perspective to my topic and is credible. The sources used for this
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article also come from reliable websites and journals. Those two reasons together contributed to

me using the information in my essay. Having this alternate perspective will add to my

exploratory essay because it will be more to consider.

Siegel, Robert, Smith Tovia, Brooks Tess, and Snyder Maddie. "Harvard Survey Highlights Attitudes

About Campus Sexual Assault." NPR. NPR, 19 Dec. 2016. Web. 16 Mar. 2017.

This article discusses the different aspects of sexual assault through a survey taken by around

1,200 students. The author first states some of the different known facts about sexual assault that

are already common knowledge but then proceeds to analyze the main cause of sexual assault.

He uses different student answers and testimonies collected from the surveys that were given out.

The author brings up the fact that men and women misconstrue what different social situations

mean and that the clash of 2 different interpretations of the same situation can lead to unintended

sexual assault scenarios. It was clarified by the author and the survey takers that while

miscommunication may serve as a root cause for such scenarios, it cant be used as an excuse for

sexual assault. Most of the article serves to show that none of this can be used as an excuse and

that they are not trying to let people off the hook but instead they are trying to do the opposite

which is make men and women aware of what they may have done, and that they are responsible

for their actions instead of allowing them to make excuses for themselves. While the article

suggests such a different approach to dealing with sexual assault, it also brings up the fact that

there are many critics that question the tactics discussed as they may not be effective in many

cases. The article wraps up the topic by stating that as long as these mismatches expectations

exist women and men both need to be armed with such information to know what may or may
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not cause such miscommunication. This article introduced a unique point in the whole sexual

assault topic which I can use to examine future sources with. The article has also given me

information on how both men as well as women may perceive the exact same social situation in

a different way, and how it can lead to a disastrous situation.

WOMEN'S CENTER. Northwestern University, Jan. 2017,
Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.


Campo-Engelstein, Lisa. "Rape as a Hate Crime: An Analysis of New York Law." Hypatia, vol. 31, no. 1, Feb. 2016,

pp. 91-106. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/hypa.12219.

Schulze, Corina and Wendy Perkins. "Awareness of Sexual Violence Services among LGBQ-Identified College

Students." Journal of School Violence, vol. 16, no. 2, Apr-Jun2017, pp. 148-159. EBSCOhost,



Murray, Christine, et al. "How Can We End the Stigma Surrounding Domestic and Sexual Violence? A Modified Delphi

Study with National Advocacy Leaders." Journal of Family Violence, vol. 31, no. 3, Apr. 2016, pp. 271-287.

EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10896-015-9768-9.
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