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Biomass Briquettes Using Indonesia Durian Seeds as Binder Agent:

The Effect of Binder Concentration on The Briquettes Properties

Rochim B. Cahyono *a , Joko Santoso b , Ria Miliati c

a Department of Chemical Engineering, Gadjah Mada University (UGM) Yogyakarta, Indonesia b Master Program of Engineering System (MST), Gadjah Mada University (UGM) Yogyakarta, Indonesia c Department of Food and Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University (UGM) Yogyakarta, Indonesia

*) Accepted on Chemical Engineering Transactions (CET) 2016

ABSTRACT

on Chemical Engineering Transactions (CET) 2016 ABSTRACT U n i vers it as G a dj

Universitas Gadjah Mada

Biomass briquettes are abundant energy source in Indonesia that can prevent world energy crisis when used in the effective ways. In the conventional system, starch from food commodities are applying in the briquettes production caused conflict of interest between energy and food consuming. Durian seeds, agricultural waste, contains large amount of starch especially amylose and amylopektin have potential as binder agent to replace conventional binder. The results show that the durian seed could be potential binder agent due to high shear strength properties. As well with physical properties of the briquettes could satisfy standards value of commercial wood charcoal briquettes such as density, heating value, compressive strengths and shatter index

INTRODUCTION

 Ineffective biomass utilization as solid fuels  Briquettes production is simple and inexpensive technology,
 Ineffective biomass utilization as solid fuels
 Briquettes production is simple and inexpensive
technology,
Problem
 Utilization of starch as binder agent in briquettes
process caused problem related with competition
between energy and food
 Waste of durian seed and shell in Indonesia
Solution
 Utilization durian seed as binder agents due to high
amount of amylose and amylopectin
 Utilization of durian shell as raw material of briquette
Purpose
To investigate the possibilities durian seeds as binder
agents and the effects on briquettes properties.

METHODOLOGY

1.Durian shell and seed were collected from Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia 2. The briquettes was
1.Durian shell and seed were
collected from Semarang,
Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
2. The briquettes was
produced from mixture
between coconut and durian
shell chars
Experimental procedure
RESULT and DISCUSSION 1. Durian seeds binder has higher shear strength than conventional binder, starch
RESULT and DISCUSSION
1. Durian seeds binder has higher shear strength than conventional
binder, starch powder which would result more stable briquettes
2. High density
briquettes would
result high
compactly, high
fixed carbon and low
moisture contents
Binder concentration [%mass]
3. High binder agents
prompt dense pore char
material and increasing
compressive strength
properties
4. All properties could
satisfy the standard
except ash and FC
Binder concentration [%mass]
Density [g/cm 3 ]
Compresivve strength [kg/cm 2 ]
Heating value [cal/g]
Shelter index [%mass]

CONCLUSIONS

1. The durian seed had potential as binder agent for briquettes production.

2. The saturated concentration of durian seed binder was around 8 %, regarding the heating value and compressive strength.

3. The ash content could be reduced by increasing the ratio of coconut to durian shell.

References

[1] Carlos R.M., Khang D.B., 2008, Biomass and Bioenergy, 32: 525 532.; [2] Dargay J.M., Gatelay D., 2010, Energy Policy, 38: 6261-6277.; [3] Demirbas A.,1999, Energy Conversion and Management, 40: 437-445.; [4] Hata Y., Purwanto H., Hosokai S., Hayashi J., Kashiwaya Y.,Akiyama T., 2009, Energy and Fuels , 23 : 11281131. ; [5] Husain Z, Zainac Z, Abdullah Z., 2002, Biomass and Bioenergy, 22: 505 509.; [6] Indonesian National Standars (SNI) 01-6235-2000; [7] Singh R.N. 2004, Biomass and Bioenergy, 26: 25 253.