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Standard Mix of Concrete

Fineness Modulus (FM) 2.80


W/C (%) 55%
Slump (cm) 8.0

Common Concrete AE Concrete

Coarse Aggre Unit rate of Coarse Rate of Fine Unit Water Weight Rate of Fine Unit Water Weight
Entrapped Air (%) Air Content (%)
Max Dia. (mm) Aggregate (%) Aggregate S/a (%) W (kg) Aggregate S/a (%) W (kg)
15 53 2.5 49 190 7.0 47 160
20 61 2.0 45 185 6.0 43 155
25 66 1.5 41 175 5.0 38 145
40 72 1.2 36 165 4.5 34 135
50 75 1.0 33 155 4.0 31 123
80 81 0.5 31 140 3.0 29 110
source: Japan Civil Engineering Association
Adjustment Table
Description S/a adjustment Water Weight
Finess Modulus (FM) 0.5 per 0.1 non
Slump non 1.20% per 1 cm
Water Cement Ratio 1 per 0.05 of ratio non
S/a non 1.5 kg
River Sand use less 3-5 % less 9 to 15 kg

Coefficient for increase in strength Maximum Size of Coarse Aggregate (Technical Spec)
Variation (%) Coeff
10% 1.08 40 mm for massive and structural concrete
15% 1.12 20 mm for lining concrete, precast concrete and other thin concrete
20% 1.21
25% 1.39
Concrete Mix Design K175, for Lining Concrete
Concrete Type (Common or AE Concrete) AE Concrete
I Basic Data
1 Design Strength 175 kg/cm2
2 Max dia. of Coarse Aggregate 20 mm
3 Increase Coeff 1.15
4 Water Cement Ratio 50%
5 Slump 5 cm
6 Fineness Modulus 2.44
7 Specific Gravity of Fine Aggregate (Sand) 2.458
8 Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregate 2.564
9 Specific Gravity of Portland Cement 3.15
10 Approx Cement Content 300 kg

II Target Concrete Strength


Target Concrete Strength for Common Concrete
1 Strength (Target) 201.25 kg/cm2
2 Check 28 curve for Common Concrete
28 = -140 +255 (C/W) 370 kg/cm2
check ok

Target Concrete Strength for AE Concrete


1 Strength (Target)
a Air Content (AE Concrete) 6%
b Entrapped air (Common Concrete) 2%
c Increasing Ratio form Common Concrete 1.25
d Target Strength 251.5625 kg/cm2
2 Check 28 curve for Common Concrete
28 = -140 +255 (C/W) 370 kg/cm2
check ok

III Adjustment
Standard Design diff S/a (%) W (%)
Slump 8 5 -3 0 -3.60%
Fineness Modulus 2.8 2.44 -0.36 -1.80% 0
W/C Ratio 55% 50% -5.00% -1.00% 0
S/a ratio - - - -2.80%
Sum -2.80% -6.40%

Standard Value
S/a (Rate of fine aggregate in %) 43 %
W (Unit water weight in kg) 155 kg

Adjusted Value
S/a (Rate of fine aggregate in %) 41.796 %
W (Unit water weight in kg) 145.08 kg

2/7 354229391.xlsx/K175 Lining


Concrete Mix Design K175, for Lining Concrete
IV Design Mix in Volume
Volume per 1m3
(Entrapped) Air 6% 0.006 m3
Unit Water Weight (W) 145.08 kg 0.14508 m3
W/C ratio 50%
Cement Weight (C) 290.16 kg Spec: Approx. 300 kg
Cement Volume (Cv) 0.0921143 m3
Air + W + Cv 0.2431943 m3
Sv + Gv 0.7568057 m3
Sv 0.3163145 m3
Gv 0.4404912 m3
(Note Sv: Fine Aggregate Volume, GV: Coarse Aggregate Volume)

V Design Mix in Weight


Unit Water Weight (W) 146 kg
Cement Weight (C) 291 kg
Fine Aggregate 778 kg
Coarse Aggregate 1130 kg

3/7 354229391.xlsx/K175 Lining


Concrete Mix Design K175, for Slub, Wall beam and Footing
Concrete Type (Common or AE Concrete) AE Concrete
I Basic Data
1 Design Strength 175 kg/cm2
2 Max dia. of Coarse Aggregate 30 mm
3 Increase Coeff 1.15
4 Water Cement Ratio 50%
5 Slump 5 cm
6 Fineness Modulus 2.44
7 Specific Gravity of Fine Aggregate (Sand) 2.458
8 Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregate 2.564
9 Specific Gravity of Portland Cement 3.15
10 Approx Cement Content 300 kg

II Target Concrete Strength


Target Concrete Strength for Common Concrete
1 Strength (Target) 201.25 kg/cm2
2 Check 28 curve for Common Concrete
28 = -140 +255 (C/W) 370 kg/cm2
check ok

Target Concrete Strength for AE Concrete


1 Strength (Target)
a Air Content (AE Concrete) 5%
b Entrapped air (Common Concrete) 1.5 %
c Increasing Ratio form Common Concrete 1.2121212
d Target Strength 243.93939 kg/cm2
2 Check 28 curve for Common Concrete
28 = -140 +255 (C/W) 370 kg/cm2
check ok

III Adjustment
Standard Design diff S/a (%) W (%)
Slump 8 5 -3 0 -3.60%
Fineness Modulus 2.8 2.44 -0.36 -1.80% 0
W/C Ratio 55% 50% -5.00% -1.00% 0
S/a ratio - - - -2.80%
Sum -2.80% -6.40%

Standard Value
S/a (Rate of fine aggregate in %) 38 %
W (Unit water weight in kg) 145 kg

Adjusted Value
S/a (Rate of fine aggregate in %) 36.936 %
W (Unit water weight in kg) 135.72 kg

4/7 354229391.xlsx/K175 Structure


IV Design Mix in Volume
Volume per 1m3
(Entrapped) Air 5% 0.005 m3
Unit Water Weight (W) 135.72 kg 0.13572 m3
W/C ratio 50%
Cement Weight (C) 271.44 kg Spec: Approx. 300 kg
Cement Volume (Cv) 0.0861714 m3
Air + W + Cv 0.2268914 m3
Sv + Gv 0.7731086 m3
Sv 0.2855554 m3
Gv 0.4875532 m3
(Note Sv: Fine Aggregate Volume, GV: Coarse Aggregate Volume)

V Design Mix in Weight


Unit Water Weight (W) 136 kg
Cement Weight (C) 272 kg
Fine Aggregate 702 kg
Coarse Aggregate 1251 kg

5/7 354229391.xlsx/K175 Structure


Concrete Mix Design K225, for Structural Concrete
Concrete Type (Common or AE Concrete) AE Concrete
I Basic Data
1 Design Strength 250 kg/cm2
2 Max dia. of Coarse Aggregate 30 mm
3 Increase Coeff 1.15
4 Water Cement Ratio 50%
5 Slump 7.5 cm
6 Fineness Modulus 2.44
7 Specific Gravity of Fine Aggregate (Sand) 2.458
8 Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregate 2.564
9 Specific Gravity of Portland Cement 3.15
10 Approx Cement Content 330 kg

II Target Concrete Strength


Target Concrete Strength for Common Concrete
1 Strength (Target) 287.5 kg/cm2
2 Check 28 curve for Common Concrete
28 = -140 +255 (C/W) 370 kg/cm2
check ok

Target Concrete Strength for AE Concrete


1 Strength (Target)
a Air Content (AE Concrete) 5%
b Entrapped air (Common Concrete) 1.5 %
c Increasing Ratio form Common Concrete 1.212121
d Target Strength 348.4848 kg/cm2
2 Check 28 curve for Common Concrete
28 = -140 +255 (C/W) 370 kg/cm2
check ok

III Adjustment
Standard Design diff S/a (%) W (%)
Slump 8 7.5 -0.5 0 -0.60%
Fineness Modulus 2.8 2.44 -0.36 -1.80% 0
W/C Ratio 55% 50% -5.00% -1.00% 0
S/a ratio - - - -2.80%
Sum -2.80% -3.40%

Standard Value
S/a (Rate of fine aggregate in %) 38 %
W (Unit water weight in kg) 145 kg

Adjusted Value
S/a (Rate of fine aggregate in %) 36.936 %
W (Unit water weight in kg) 140.07 kg

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Concrete Mix Design K225, for Structural Concrete
IV Design Mix in Volume
Volume per 1m3
(Entrapped) Air 5% 0.005 m3
Unit Water Weight (W) 140.07 kg 0.14007 m3
W/C ratio 50%
Cement Weight (C) 280.14 kg Spec: Approx. 330 kg
Cement Volume (Cv) 0.088933 m3 4.446667
Air + W + Cv 0.234003 m3
Sv + Gv 0.765997 m3
Sv 0.282929 m3
Gv 0.483068 m3
(Note Sv: Fine Aggregate Volume, GV: Coarse Aggregate Volume)

V Design Mix in Weight


Unit Water Weight (W) 141 kg
Cement Weight (C) 281 kg
Fine Aggregate 696 kg
Coarse Aggregate 1239 kg

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