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ChinesethumbsupforGMrice(Sat 30 Apr, 2005)

BNE: A tenyear research project on Chinese rice farming may have given Chinese
authoritiesthegreenlighttogofullsteamaheadwithusinggeneticallymodified(GM)
rice.Thestudy,publishedinthejournalScienceonApril29th,comparednaturalstrainsof
ricewithplantsthathadbeenmodifiedtobeinnatelyinsectresistant.Datafromtrialsin
smallfarmsrevealedthatfarmersusingGMricecropsyieldedaninepercenthigher
harvestthanfarmersusingconventionalrice,spenteighttimeslessmoneyonpesticides,
andwerehealthier.Pesticidespoisonsome50,000Chinesefarmersayear,500fatally.
ResearchleaderDrHuangJikunhopeshisresearchwillsufficetoconvincetheChinese
government into licensing GM rice for commercial use. China has been closely
monitoring various trials since the 1980s. It has until now been reluctant to follow
AmericaszealousleadforthecommercializationofGMseeds.Iftheworldslargest
country gives the GMgrain goahead, the impact on farming worldwide could be
substantial. The price of Chinese rice would greatly undercut that of anyother rice
growingnationsprices,whiledevelopingworldfarmerswouldclamorforGMseeds.

WARM UPS
1.CHAT:Talkinpairsorgroupsabout:rice/geneticallymodified(GM)food/
pesticides/farmers/Chineseproduce/foodsafetyFormoreconversation,change
topicsandpartnersfrequently.
2.RICE:Spendoneminutewritingdownallofthedifferentwordsyouassociatewith
rice.Shareyourwordswithyourpartner/groupandtalkaboutthem.
3.VERSATILE:Riceisoneofthemostversatilefoodsintheworld.Writedownthe
differentwaysyouknowofusingriceinfood.Addthemtothelistbelow.Whichofthem
sounddeliciousorotherwisetoyou?
a. boiledricemixedwithhottea(aJapanesedish)
b. riceforbreakfast
c. riceandcurry
d. savoryricecrackers
e. ricecakes
f. riceballswithapickledpluminside
g. paella/risotto/gratin
h. sake
i. ricebakedinmilkandsugar(Englishdessert)
j. astrawberryencasedinsweetenedpoundedrice(Japanesesweet)
k. other

4.STAPLEFOODCOMPARISON:Lookatthesestaplefoodsfromaroundtheworld
andtalkwithyourpartnerabouthowimportanteacharetoyou.Researchtheonesyou
dontknow:

a. bananas

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b. pasta
c. cassava/tapioca
d. lentils
e. rice
f. bread
g. beans
h. sorghum
i. potato
j. yams

5.HI!IMRICE:Adoptoneofthestaplefoodsaboveasyournewpersonality.
Introduceyourselftootherstaplefoods(yourclassmates)andtalkaboutyourlifeasrice/
bread/cassavaetc.
6.2MINUTERICEDEBATES:Faceeachotherinpairsandengageinthefollowing
fun2minutedebates.StudentsAtakethefirstargument,studentsBthesecond.Rotate
pairstoensurealivelypaceandnoiseleveliskept:
a. Riceisbetterthanbread.vs.Breadisbetterthanrice.
b. Brownriceisnicest.vs.Whitericeisnicest.
c. Americanriceistastiest.vs.Indian/Thai/Japanesericeistastiest.
d. Boiledriceisbest.vs.Friedriceisbest.
e. Ricepudding(ricebakedinmilkandsugar)isdelicious.vs.Thatsnowaytouse
rice.
f. Boiledriceisgreatforbreakfast.vs.Boiledriceisbestfordinner.
g. Riceismoreversatilethanpotatoes.vs.Potatoesaretentimesmoreversatile.
h. Riceisboring.vs.Youmustbejoking.
i. Stickyriceforme.vs.Realriceisfluffy.

PREREADINGIDEAS
1.WORDSEARCH:Useyourdictionary/computertofindwordpartners(collocates),
othermeanings,synonymsormoreinformationonthewordsresearchandproject.

2.TRUE/FALSE:Lookatthearticlesheadlineandguesswhetherthesesentencesare
trueorfalse:
a. ChinahasaskedtheGeneralMotorscarcompanytogrowrice.T/F
b. ChinesepeoplehavevotedtoallowtheuseofGMrice.T/F
c. Chineseresearchshowedgeneticallymodifiedricetobegoodforfarmers.T/F
d. GMriceyieldedaninetypercenthigherharvestthanconventionalrice.T/F
e. PesticidesusedonriceinChinakill500farmersannually.T/F
f. ChinasgovernmenthasgivenGMricethegreenlight.T/F
g. ChinalicensedGMriceoveradecadeago.T/F
h. IfChinaOKsGMrice,itwouldhaveabigimpactonworldfarming.T/F
i. FarmersindevelopingcountriesarenotinterestedinGMriceseeds.T/F

3.SYNONYMMATCH:Matchthefollowingsynonymsfromthearticle:

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a. greenlight varieties
b. fullsteamahead significant
c. innately posthaste
d. strains hesitant
e. yielded beadequate
f. suffice thumbsup
g. reluctant cryout
h. zealous inherently
i. substantial enthusiastic
j. clamor harvested

4.PHRASEMATCH:Matchthefollowingphrasesfromthearticle(sometimesmore
thanonecombinationispossible):
a. thegreen strainsofrice
b. gofullsteam convincetheChinesegovernment
c. natural tofollow
d. innatelyinsect ahead
e. ricecropsyielded thetrialsforadecade
f. hisresearchwillsufficeto resistant
g. monitoring GMgraingoahead
h. reluctant forGMseeds
i. givesthe light
j. farmerswouldclamor aninepercenthigherharvest

WHILE READING ACTIVITIES


1.ODDWORDOUT:Circlethewordineachgroupofthree(initalics)thatdoesnot
fit.

ChinesethumbsupforGMrice
BNE: A tenyear research project on Chinese rice farming may have given Chinese
authoritiesthegreenlighttogofullsteam/speed/staminaaheadwithusinggenetically
modified(GM)rice.Thestudy,publishedinthejournalScienceonApril29th,compared
natural varieties /strains/stresses ofricewithplants thathadbeenmodified tobe
innatelyinsectresistant.DatafromtrialsinsmallfarmsrevealedthatfarmersusingGM
ricecropsmanufactured/yielded/producedaninepercenthigherharvestthanfarmers
using conventional rice, spent eight times less money on insecticides/ pesticides /
homicides, andwerehealthier.Pesticidespoisonsome50,000Chinesefarmersayear,
500fatally.
Researchleader DrHuangJikunhopes hisresearchwillsufficeto convince /woo/
brainwashtheChinesegovernmentintolicensingGMriceforcommercialuse.Chinahas
beencloselymonitoringvarioustrialssincethe1980s.Ithasuntilnowbeendisinclined/
reluctant/craving tofollowAmericaszealousleadforthecommercializationofGM
seeds.IftheworldslargestcountrygivestheGMgraingoahead/thumbsup/thumbs

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down,theimpactonfarmingworldwidecouldbesubstantial.ThepriceofChineserice
wouldgreatlyundercutthatofanyotherricegrowingnationsprices,whiledeveloping
worldfarmerswouldclamor/climbovereachother/hikeforGMseeds.

2.TRUE/FALSE:CheckyouranswerstotheT/Fexercise.
3.SYNONYMMATCH:Checkyouranswerstothisexercise.
4.PHRASEMATCH:Checkyouranswerstothisexercise.
5.QUESTIONS:Makenotesforquestionsyouwouldliketoasktheclassaboutthe
article.
6.VOCABULARY:Circleanywordsyoudonotunderstand.Ingroups,poolunknown
wordsandusedictionariestofindtheirmeanings.

POSTREADINGIDEAS
1.ODDWORDOUT:Checkyouranswerstothisexercise.
2.QUESTIONS:Askthediscussionquestionsyouthoughtofabovetoyourpartner/
group/class.Poolthequestionsforeveryonetoshare.
3.VOCABULARY:Asaclass,gooverthevocabularystudentscircledabove.
4.STUDENTGMFOODSURVEY:Inpairs/groupswritedownquestionsabout
geneticallymodifiedfood.Askotherclassmatesyourquestionsandreportbacktoyour
originalpartner/grouptocompareyourfindings.
5.RESEARCH/PROJECT:Make questions based on your findings from pre-
reading activity #1.Askyourpartner/groupyourquestions.
6.DISCUSSION:
a. Didyoulikereadingthisarticle?
b. Didanythinginthearticlesurpriseyou?
c. Didanythinginthearticleworryyou?
d. WhatdoyouthinkoftheideaofGMrice?
e. Doyouthinkgeneticallymodifiedfoodisagoodthing?
f. WhataretheargumentsforandagainstGMfood?
g. GeorgeW.BushsaysGMcropswouldgreatlyreducehungerinAfrica.Whatdo
youthink?
h. Howcloseisgeneticallymodifyingfoodtothecloningofanimals?
i. Arentscientistsgeneticallymodifyingusbygeneticallymodifyingfood?
j. GMfoodisnew.Wedontknowthelongtermeffects.Isthisdangerous?
k. DoyouthinkGMcropswillchangethecountrysideandourfoodchain?
l. Areyouabigricelover?
m. Whatroledoesriceplayinyourlife?
n. Couldyoulivewithoutrice?
o. Whatisthebestwaytoeatrice?
p. WouldyoubehappytobuyGMricegrowninChina?

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q. Whichcountryproducesthetastiestrice?
r. Shouldricebebakedinmilkandsugar,withperhapscinnamon,raisinsoreven
strawberryjamadded,aswithBritishricepudding?
s. Didyoulikethisdiscussion?
t. Teacher/Studentadditionalquestions.
7.GMFOODDEBATES:StudentsAareforGMfood,StudentsBareagainst.Teamup
andbrainstormalloftheargumentstosupportyoursideofthedebate.Eitherperson
againstperson,pairagainstpairorteamagainstteam,carryoutyourdebates.
Changesidesandrepeatthedebatestoseehowachangeofperspectivechangesyour
debating.
8.OPINIONS:Inpairs/groups,writedowntheopinionsofthefollowingpeopleor
creaturesonGMrice.Changepartnersandexchangeopinions.Talkaboutwhetherornot
youagreewiththeseopinions.
a. farmer
b. organicvegetablegrower
c. Greenpeaceactivist
d. verypoorconsumer
e. scientist
f. awildanimalthatlivesonfarms
g. aninsectthatneedsthecropstosurvive
h. supermarketowner

HOMEWORK

1.VOCABULARYEXTENSION:Chooseseveralofthewordsfromthetext.Usea
dictionaryorGooglessearchfield(oranothersearchengine)tobuildupmore
associations/collocationsofeachword.
2.INTERNET:SearchtheInternetandfindinformationonrice.Shareyourfindings
withyourclassnextlesson.
3.STAPLEFOOD:Researchstaplefoodsfromaroundtheworld.Showwheredifferent
staplesaregrownaroundtheworldandthedifferentwaystheyareused.
4.FARMER:Imagineyouareafarmersomewhereintheworld.Writealettertoyour
governmentexplainingyouropinionsongeneticallymodifiedcrops.

ANSWERS
TRUE/FALSE:
a. ChinahasaskedtheGeneralMotorscarcompanytogrowrice.F
b. ChinesepeoplehavevotedtoallowtheuseofGMrice.F
c. Chineseresearchshowedgeneticallymodifiedricetobegoodforfarmers.T
d. GMriceyieldedaninetypercenthigherharvestthanconventionalrice.F
e. PesticidesusedonriceinChinakill500farmersannually.T

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f. ChinasgovernmenthasgivenGMricethegreenlight.F
g. ChinalicensedGMriceoveradecadeago.F
h. IfChinaOKsGMrice,itwouldhaveabigimpactonworldfarming.T
i. FarmersindevelopingcountriesarenotinterestedinGMriceseeds.F

SYNONYMMATCH:
a. greenlight thumbsup
b. fullsteamahead posthaste
c. innately inherently
d. strains varieties
e. yielded harvested
f. suffice beadequate
g. reluctant hesitant
h. zealous enthusiastic
i. substantial significant
j. clamor cryout

PHRASEMATCH:
a. thegreen light
b. gofullsteam ahead
c. natural strainsofrice
d. innatelyinsect resistant
e. ricecropsyielded aninepercenthigherharvest
f. hisresearchwillsufficeto convincetheChinesegovernment
g. monitoring thetrialsforadecade
h. reluctant tofollow
i. givesthe GMgraingoahead
j. farmerswouldclamor forGMseeds

ODDWORDOUT:Theoddwordsoutareunderlined

ChinesethumbsupforGMrice
BNE: A tenyear research project on Chinese rice farming may have given Chinese
authoritiesthegreenlighttogofullsteam/speed/stamina aheadwithusinggenetically
modified(GM)rice.Thestudy,publishedinthejournalScienceonApril29th,compared
natural varieties /strains/ stresses ofricewithplants thathadbeenmodified tobe
innatelyinsectresistant.DatafromtrialsinsmallfarmsrevealedthatfarmersusingGM
ricecropsmanufactured/yielded/producedaninepercenthigherharvestthanfarmers
using conventional rice, spent eight times less money on insecticides/ pesticides /
homicides, andwerehealthier.Pesticidespoisonsome50,000Chinesefarmersayear,
500fatally.

Find this and similar lessons and plans at http://www.BreakingNewsEnglish.com


Researchleader DrHuangJikunhopes hisresearchwillsufficeto convince /woo/
brainwashtheChinesegovernmentintolicensingGMriceforcommercialuse.Chinahas
beencloselymonitoringvarioustrialssincethe1980s.Ithasuntilnowbeendisinclined/
reluctant/ craving tofollowAmericaszealousleadforthecommercializationofGM
seeds.IftheworldslargestcountrygivestheGMgraingoahead/thumbsup/thumbs
down,theimpactonfarmingworldwidecouldbesubstantial.ThepriceofChineserice
wouldgreatlyundercutthatofanyotherricegrowingnationsprices,whiledeveloping
worldfarmerswouldclamor/climbovereachother/hikeforGMseeds.

Find this and similar lessons and plans at http://www.BreakingNewsEnglish.com