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HP ASE Server Solutions Architect V2 (HP0-S42)

OFFICIAL CERTIFICATION STUDY GUIDE

First Edition

Renata Golden

HP Press
660 4th Street, #802
San Francisco, CA 94107
HP ASE Server Solutions Architect V2 (HP0-S42)
Official Certification Study Guide
Renata Golden
2015 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Published by:
HP Press
660 4th Street, #802
San Francisco, CA 94107
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ISBN: 978-1-937826-98-7
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About the Author


Renata Golden is an instructor, writer, and editor specializing in data center and cloud computing.
Throughout her 15-year career, Renata has been developing HP courseware and exams, in addition
to web-based training and scripting. As an instructional designer, Renata has also been responsible
for HP ExpertOne certification exam design and management. She has a bachelors degree from
Arizona State University and a masters degree from the University of Houston and is a committee
member of the Association of Test Publishers (ATP).
About the Technical Reviewers
Chris Powell is an HP employee with 25 Ken Radford is an IT consultant and trainer who
years of service in the HP Servers Global delivers advanced sales courses to HP internal sales
Business Unit (GBU). Chris is a recognized and presales audiences, including Architecting HP
subject matter expert in the area of HP Server Solutions, Architecting HP CloudSystem
Servers and HP Converged Systems. He Solutions, and HP BladeSystem Networking. His
currently is an HP Product Marketing specializations include HP Converged Infrastructure,
Manager VI and is the only certified HP Converged Cloud Solutions, HP Integrity
ExpertOne Instructor in HP Servers systems, Superdome, and HP-UX. He holds HP ASE
Marketing. He actively conducts hands-on Cloud Architect V2 and HP Certified Instructor
knowledge transfer sessions around the world certifications. Ken has written three books with HP
on the newest-announcing products in the Press and contributed significantly to the content in
areas of HP servers and HP Converged this book.
Systems.

Introduction
This book is based on the ASE Architecting HP Server Solutions course.

HP ExpertOne Certification
ExpertOne is the first end-to-end The ExpertOne program takes into To learn more about
learning and expertise program account your current certifications and ExpertOne
that combines comprehensive experience, providing the relevant certifications,
knowledge and hands-on real- courses and study materials you need to including storage,
world experience to help you pass the certification exams. As an servers, networking,
attain the critical skills needed ExpertOne certified member, your skills, converged
to architect, design, and integrate knowledge, and real-world experience infrastructure, cloud,
multivendor and multiservice are recognized and valued in the and more, visit
converged infrastructure and marketplace. To continue your hp.com/go/ExpertOne.
cloud solutions. HP, the largest professional and career growth, you have
IT company in the world and the access to a large ExpertOne community of
market leader in IT training, is IT professionals and decision makers,
committed to help you stay including the worlds largest community
relevant and keep pace with the of cloud experts. Share ideas, best
demands of a dynamic, fast- practices, business insights, and
moving industry. challenges as you gain professional
connections globally.

Audience
This study guide targets solution architects, It is assumed that candidates have an understanding of
which is a category that includes but is not HP ProLiant servers and an interest in learning about
limited to the following job titles: presales latest developments in server product technologies to
architects, consultants, presales engineers, understand customers business issues and to propose
and systems engineers. appropriate solutions.

Assumed Knowledge
The HP ASE Architecting Server Solutions v2 certification is considered an advanced-level
certification. HP recommends that candidates for this certification have a minimum of two years
experience with server technologies, preferably HP server solutions. It is also expected that
candidates will have industry-standard server technology knowledge from training, hands-on
experience, or participation in other technical events.

Minimum Qualifications
The HP ASE Architecting Server Although anyone can take the exam, HP recommends that
Solutions v2 certification is candidates have a minimum of two years of experience with
targeted at the ASE skill level and server technologies, preferably HP server solutions. It is also
is the next progressive step after a expected that candidates will have industry-standard server
candidate has achieved HP ATP technology knowledge from training, hands-on experience, or
Server Solutions certification. participation in other technical events.

Relevant Certifications
After you pass these exams, your achievement may be applicable toward more than one
certification. To determine which certifications can be credited with this achievement, log in to The
Learning Center and view the certifications listed on the exams More Details tab. You might be on
your way to achieving additional HP certifications.

Preparing for Exam HP0-S42


This self-study guide does not guarantee that you will have all the knowledge you need to pass the
exam. It is expected that you will also draw on real-world experience and would benefit from
completing the hands-on lab activities provided in the instructor-led training. To pass the
certification exam, you should take the instructor-led training. Alternatively, you should review this
study guide thoroughly, answer the learning check questions at the end of each chapter, and take the
practice test at the end of the book.

Recommended HP Training
Recommended training to prepare for each exam is accessible from the exams page in The Learning
Center. See the exam attachment, Supporting courses, to view and register for the courses.
Obtain Hands-on Experience
You are not required to take the recommended, supported courses, and completion of training does
not guarantee that you will pass the exams. HP strongly recommends a combination of training,
thorough review of courseware and additional study references, and sufficient on-the-job experience
prior to taking an exam.

Exam Registration
To register for an exam, go to hp.com/certification/learn_more_about_exams.html.
CONTENTS

1 Server Technologies
Accelerating pace of change requires a new style of IT
The compute era begins
HP approach to the compute era
HP Converged Infrastructure
Servers must transform to enable IT services
Compute power is the engine of the infrastructure
Workload-optimized portfolios
HP Technology Services strategy
Advancing the compute era with ProLiant Gen9 server technologies
New and improved technologies supporting Gen9
ProLiant Gen9 server series
Compute innovations in ProLiant Gen9 servers
Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors
Storage on the memory bus
HP SmartMemory
DDR4 memory
ProLiant BL460c Gen9 advanced memory protection features
Comparing RDIMMs and LRDIMMs
NVDIMM or Hybrid DIMM
Storage innovations in ProLiant Gen9 servers
Customer storage challenges
HP Smart Storage solutions for ProLiant Gen9 servers
ProLiant Gen9 Smart Storage enhancements
P-Series controllers: Enhancements
HP 12Gb SAS Expander Card
HP PCIe Workload and IO Accelerators
HP Smart Storage Battery
HP Smart Storage Administrator
HP SmartCache
HP SSD Smart Path
HP Smart Storage benefits summary
Networking innovations in ProLiant Gen9 servers
What is RDMA?
RDMA and RoCE
Increase virtualization performance with RoCE
What are overlay networks?
HP Virtual Connect and Flex Adapter hardware
Boost server efficiency for overlay networking
HP Converged Management
Agile management for accelerating IT service delivery
ProLiant Gen9 server management portfolio
On-system management
On-premise management with HP OneView
On-cloud management with HP Insight Online
Security for ProLiant Gen9 servers
Secure Boot on ProLiant Gen9 servers
Secure Boot verification
HP Secure Encryption
Power and cooling for ProLiant Gen9 servers
Challenges for power and cooling in data centers
Increasing availability through power protection
HP iPDUs
HP power distribution units
Benefits of HP rack-mountable PDUs
ProLiant Gen9 platform power architecture
Choosing the right power supplyHP Power Advisor
Intelligent Series Racks Location Discovery Services
HP uninterruptible power supplies
Elevated temperature support
HP Modular Cooling System G2
HP position and market share
Partnerships, experience, and expertise
Why HP wins in the new compute era
HP market share
HP is the strategic partner that delivers
Learning check

2 HP Rack and Tower Server Solutions


HP ProLiant rack and tower Gen9 servers
ProLiant Gen9 rack advantages
Industrys leading multi-workload servers
ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower series positioning
ProLiant rack servers: 100 series
HP ProLiant DL160 Gen9 Server
HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 Server
ProLiant rack servers: 300/500 series
HP ProLiant DL360 Gen9 Server
HP ProLiant DL380 Gen9 Server
HP ProLiant tower servers: ML series
HP ProLiant ML350 Gen9 Server
HP ProLiant DL and ML use cases
HP rack and tower options for ProLiant Gen9
HP Smart Array controllers
Storage options for ProLiant DL360, DL380, and ML350 Gen9 servers
Smart Array controllers
HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller
HP H240ar Smart HBA Controller
HP Smart Array P440ar Controller
HP Smart Array P840 Controller
Transitioning Gen8 to Gen9 FlexibleLOM
Why choose a HP FlexFabric 10GB 2-port 556 Adapter?
HP FlexFabric 10GB 2-port 556FLR-SFP+ Adapter
HP QuickSpecs
Learning check

3 HP BladeSystem Server Solutions


HP BladeSystem Gen9 solutions in the compute era
BladeSystem delivers the Power of One
Building a BladeSystem solution
Step 1: Select the operating environment
Step 2: Select the BladeSystem enclosure
Step 3: Select the interconnects and adapters
Step 4: Select the blades
Step 5: Select the storage infrastructure
Step 6: Select the infrastructure management
Step 7: Select power and cooling configurations
Step 8: Select the services
The market views HP as the leader
Learning check

4 Density-Optimized Solutions
HP ProLiant SL series servers
HPC is becoming a key to continued business success
HP Apollo systems
Apollo server positioning
HP Apollo 6000 system features and benefits
HP Apollo 8000 system features and benefits
Density-optimized solutions customer case studies
HPC accelerates SMBs, creating an environment for academic and SMB researchers
HP density-optimized solutions: Supercomputing empowering new research
HP density-optimized solutions: A quantum leap in energy saving
Learning check
5 HP Moonshot Solutions
Enabling a new style of IT
HP Moonshot value proposition
A huge leap forward in infrastructure design
Moonshot management with HP SUM
Moonshot customer case studies
Moonshot in production at HP.com
Moonshot in PayPal: Business innovation
Moonshot in InkaBinka: Pain-free expansion
Moonshot in myLoc: Improved ROI
Learning check

6 Planning and Designing HP Server Solutions


Assessing the customers requirements and environment
Application analysis
Conducting a needs analysis
Matching customers to the best platforms
Evaluating the business requirements
Requirements analysis
Segment analysis
Workload analysis
Conducting a site survey
Designing a solution
Service level agreements drive the solution
Solution design considerations
Physical or virtual servers?
VM design goals
VM design guidelines
Highly available design
Customer scenarios
Scenario 1
Scenario 2
Scenario 3
HP tools for selecting solution components
HP Unison Partner Portal
HP Server Buying Guide
HP ActiveAnswers
HP reference architectures
HP Storage Sizer
HP SAN Design Reference Guide
HP iQuote
HP Power Advisor
Additional HP configuration tools
Developing the proposal
HP Proposal Web
Writing a scope of work
Learning check

7 Preparing for Deployment


Server lifecycle management for ProLiant
Server lifecycle management with on-system tools
HP iLO
Out-of-band management with iLO
Connecting to iLO
iLO innovation over time
HP ProLiant Pre-boot Health Summary
iLO Federation
Federation in iLO 4
Group Health Status
Group Virtual Media
Group Power Control
Group Power Capping
Group Firmware Update
UEFI
HP UEFI System Utilities overview
Accessing UEFI System Utilities
UEFI System Utilities functions
iLO 4 Configuration Utility
HP REST API
Addressing challenges with the HP REST API
REST API
HP RESTful Interface Tool
HP scripting tools
HP Intelligent Provisioning
Intelligent Provisioning overview
Accessing Intelligent Provisioning
Intelligent Provisioning setup: Step 1
Intelligent Provisioning setup: Step 2
Intelligent Provisioning setup: Step 3
Intelligent Provisioning: Installing the operating system
Intelligent Provisioning: Hardware settings
Intelligent Provisioning: Operating system selection
Intelligent Provisioning: Operating system information
Intelligent Provisioning: Review
Perform Maintenance
HP Smart Storage Administrator
SSA features and functions
SSA home page
SSA Controller actions screen
SSA Configure screen
SSA Diagnostics screen
SSA Array details screen
Creating a logical drive
HP Smart Update solution
HP SUM features
HP SUM and iLO Federation
Learning check

8 Provisioning an Infrastructure
Server lifecycle management for ProLiant
HP OneView overview
OneView architecture
OneView features and functions
REST API
OneView appliance
OneView appliance and BladeSystem management
OneView components
OneView user interface
OneView main menu
OneView Dashboard
OneView server profiles
Map View
HP Smart Search
Activity screen
Data Centers screen
Group management
OneView help features
Using OneView
Adding an enclosure
Adding a server blade
Adding a rack server
Server blade hardware
Rack-mount server hardware
Firmware management baselines
Role-based access
Enterprise directory integration
Certificate management
Patching and updating
Monitoring system health
Resources for OneView support
HP Insight Control server provisioning
ICsp components
ICsp OS build plans
Updated OS build plan features
Device groups
OS build plans interoperability with OneView
OneView with ICsp Installation and Startup Service
OneView coexistence with legacy applications
Coexistence with VCM and VCEM
Coexistence with HP SIM and Insight Control
Coexistence with support automation
Coexistence with ICsp
Legacy product comparison
OneView extensibility
OneView for VMware vCenter
OneView for Microsoft System Center
Learning check

9 Maintaining a Server Environment


Server lifecycle management for ProLiant
HP Insight Remote Support
Insight Remote Support 7.2
HP Insight Online
Monitor, manage, and support an IT infrastructure online
Contract and warranty management
Automated case management and parts replacement
One support dashboard and automated support
HP knows about an IT issue before the customer
Insight Online with HP remote support value proposition
HP remote support configuration options
Remote support choices
Insight Online configuration options
Feature comparison
Insight Online integration with HP remote support
Insight Online: My IT (customer view)
Getting started
Personalized dashboard
Insight Online My IT mobile dashboard
Manage and organize devices
Manage contracts and warranties
Support cases
Remote support
Service credits
Personalized device dashboard
Insight Online reports
HP Proactive Care reports
Insight Online: My Customer (partner view)
Personalized partner dashboard
Use case examples
Insight Online HP channel partner quotes
Insight Online direct connect channel partner quotes
Learning check

10 Practice Test
HP0-S42 testing objectives
Test preparation questions and answers

Glossary

Index
1 Server Technologies

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn to:
Explain how the accelerating pace of change requires a new style of IT
Describe the strategy and benefits of an HP Converged Infrastructure
Explain how HP ProLiant Gen9 server technologies make advancements in these areas:
Compute
Storage
Networking
Identify HP Converged Management solutions
Describe the HP approach to security for ProLiant Gen9 servers
State the HP best practices for power and cooling in the data center
Describe HP position and market share in the server solutions industry

ASSUMED KNOWLEDGE
The HP ASE Architecting Server Solutions v2 certification is considered an advanced-level
certification. The target population for this certification is solution architects, which includes but is
not limited to the following job titles: presales architects, consultants, presales engineers, and
systems engineers. HP recommends that candidates have a minimum of two years of experience with
server technologies, preferably HP server solutions. It is also expected that candidates will have
industry-standard server technology knowledge from training, hands-on experience, or participation
in other technical events.

INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides an overview of the products and technologies currently shipping with ProLiant
Gen9 servers. It begins by discussing how the accelerating pace of change requires a new style of IT
and how innovative HP technologies featured in ProLiant Gen9 servers address the challenges posed
by these changes. This chapter then takes a closer look at how ProLiant Gen9 server technologies
make advancements in the areas of compute, storage, and networking. It also describes the strategy
and benefits of an HP Converged Infrastructure.
Next, the chapter provides an overview of HP This chapter also describes the This
Converged Management solutions and typical challenges for power and knowledge
introduces the HP management categories of cooling in the data center and serves as an
on-system, on-premise, and on-cloud. These explores the HP technologies that essential
categories appear throughout the chapters in address these challenges. The final foundation
this study guide. Security for ProLiant Gen9 section covers HP position and for the rest
servers is also covered in this chapter. market share, positioning HP in the of the
new compute era. material in
the book.

Accelerating pace of change requires a new style of IT


According to recent IT surveys, 86% of US CEOs told HP that advancing technologies are going to
transform their businesses over the next five years. As surveyed by Gartner, 50% of CEOs said IT
organizations need to be quicker in delivering new products and services.
At the same time, many do not believe that their IT organizations are able to deliver services rapidly
enough for their desired business outcomes. Thus, the gap between IT supply and business demand
for simple, fast, cost-effective, and value-added services continues to grow, as illustrated in Figure
1-1. This is creating numerous customer challenges:

Figure 1-1. The accelerating pace of change requires a new style of IT


Inefficient operations constrain growthInfrastructure and operations organizations consume
roughly 50% of the overall IT budget. Of this, firms typically allocate 50% of IT spending to the
costs of maintaining ongoing operations, systems, and equipmentrather than new or innovative
projects.
Slow product and service delivery stifles competitive advantageSiloed infrastructure,
management, and processes lead to more steps, time, and opportunity for error. There are too many
nonstandard, manual tasks and an ever-expanding backlog of projects. It can take up to 10 weeks to
deliver a new service, resulting in many lost revenue opportunities.
Suboptimal business performanceSiloed infrastructure combined with suboptimal application
workload performance adversely impact the ability of IT to meet changing business demands and
deliver business results. Many customers are dissatisfied with business application performance
and report decreases in revenue. IT decision makers say that slow or poor application
performance is one of their top data center challenges.
Traditional compute resources must transform by increasing performance to address current and
future workload needs while lowering costs.

The compute era begins


As illustrated in Figure 1-2, a transformation is taking place at the center of IT infrastructure, in the
vast pool of processing resources that can be located anywhere, scaled to any workload, and
available at all times to run the worlds businesses.

Figure 1-2. Traditional data center compared to a converged infrastructure


In a world that treats compute as an A new model for measuring and In this new model, end-
independent resource, businesses consuming compute resources has to-end compute extends
need new measures for cost of to allow exponential utilization of from edge-to-core, up
service, time to deliver IT service, data, in addition to the dynamic and down an integrated
and business value of service. The ability to enable applications and workload stack, with
old school benchmarks of speeds services on a per user basis, automated operational
and feeds and incremental updates while keeping operational costs approaches and an
are no longer sufficient. flat or declining. advanced set of
economics.

HP approach to the compute era


HP solution design principles help lower the cost of services, reduce time to services, and increase
the value of services.
Instead of a generational approach, HP is treating compute resources as the processing engine for
business value and business results. Innovations with the latest ProLiant Gen9 servers are focused
on optimizing the customers business, rather than merely optimizing the server, as shown in Figure
1-3.

Figure 1-3. The HP approach to the compute era


The HP approach to the compute era focuses on three main areas:
Minimizing the cost of service by providing a modular compute architecture and eliminating silos
with a converged infrastructure approach that improves cost/kilowatt/square foot/$.
Decreasing the time to service by using a software-defined management platform to deploy and
provision application services. Integration with partner ecosystems also serves to drive down the
time it takes to bring new services online, from minutes to seconds.
Optimizing infrastructure for particular workloads and virtual machines (VMs) together with
strategic partners.

The new style of IT


Traditionally, infrastructure has had two high-level attributesit has been functionally defined and
purpose-built. Purpose-built devices were created and deployed, with little ability to change
functions as needs change. A business and its applications cannot run fast enough in silos, and neither
can IT.
This status quo IT only perpetuated Things started to The current expectationof instant
silos and complexity through an change in the early connection to information anytime,
overload of products and tools that 2000s, when web- anywhereis driving a shift to
lack interoperability. The incremental, based architectures what HP calls the new style of IT.
generational approach that has fueled the Internet In a world where cloud, security,
characterized the server industry for boom. In the earlier big data, and mobility all converge
the last few decades is an incremental part of this decade, HP in comprehensive solutions, and
and linear solution to an exponential moved to cost- businesses have to connect with
problem. It will no longer suffice to optimized customers, citizens, and the
address todays and tomorrows infrastructures to help workforce, the server is being
business problems. customers survive the transformed.
global economic
downturn.

The key principles for designing solutions for the compute era
HP designs solutions for the compute era based on three design principles to transform traditional,
siloed servers:
ConvergenceHelps businesses optimize compute resources for speed, efficiency, and
performance. With a common modular architecture and converged management across servers,
storage, and networking, the unique HP approach to infrastructure reduces IT complexity and
accelerates time-to-value. An HP Converged Infrastructure breaks down technology silos and
brings together all IT resources into flexible pools of assets that can be shared by many
applications and managed as a service.
Software-defined/cloud-ready designEnhances agility, efficiency, productivity, and accuracy.
Only HP offers software-defined capabilities to orchestrate and manage all IT resources optimally
across their lifecycle with almost no administration overhead. The HP cloud-ready design helps
eliminate costly manual device-by-device configurations and speeds time-to-scale for the hybrid
world.
Workload-optimized designDelivers superior business performance, often by tuning and
optimizing every element of infrastructure for a specific workload. For performance that translates
into business value, HP builds servers, networking, and storage in workload-optimized designs
with a common modular architecture to operate at the pace needed to win against competition.

HP Converged Infrastructure
Backed by years of focused engineering, R&D investments, and decades of data center experience,
HP Converged Infrastructure solutions have been making data centers simpler, more flexible, more
efficient, and less expensive to operate.
As shown in Figure 1-4, an HP Converged Infrastructure not only brings together server, storage,
and networking resources into resource pools, but it unifies management tools, policies, and
processes, so resources and applications can be managed in a holistic, integrated fashion. Security
is built in and tightly integrated, to offer protection from sophisticated security threats from outside
and within the business.
Figure 1-4. HP Converged Infrastructure
Convergence brings together power and cooling management capabilities, so systems and facilities
work flawlessly together. Convergence has helped businesses accelerate time to application and
business value in addition to increasing their investment in innovation.

Servers must transform to enable IT services


Today, the industry is at a pivotal point that offers an opportunity for infrastructure to be transformed
from a cost center to a service differentiator, as shown in Figure 1-5.
Figure 1-5. Reimagining the server
There are competitive Businesses will profit if To capitalize on the new style of IT, you
advantages to be gained for they can start to think of have to think beyond discrete servers
businesses that can treat IT infrastructure as a service and instead reimagine compute as pools
as pools of resources differentiator, driving of resources, virtualized and converged
aligned to business goals efficiencies, speed, and with networking, storage, and
as opposed to dedicated business value. You are in management. You have to synthesize
physical infrastructure, the position to help drive traditional IT with the cloud and move
siloed, slow, and and support customers from pockets of automation to truly
inefficient. Status quo IT is through this transformation. software-defined enterprises. Only then
not an option for the The conversation with can you realize business results
exponential growth customers fundamentally lowering cost, reducing time to service,
businesses are experiencing changes to partnering for the and increasing business value.
in data and applications. new style of IT.

Compute power is the engine of the infrastructure


In order for enterprises to succeed, the platform for compute power must deliver these three key
attributes, as shown in Figure 1-6:
Figure 1-6. The HP vision for the compute era
Redefine compute economicsAn end-to-end portfolio, from edge to core, that delivers compute
resources scaled to business requirements
Accelerate service deliveryWorkload flexibility and optimization, where compute resources,
delivered in flexible and dynamic blocks of capacity and capability, are automatically provisioned
to deliver the right computing, storage, and networking capacities to address dynamic workload
needs
Boost business performanceA quantum-leap performance improvement across the entire
portfolio and up the workload stack, advancing computing across the spectrum and delivering the
lowest cost per performance, while significantly improving and automating operations

Workload-optimized portfolios
To provide a cost-optimized solution for diverse workloads, HP designed ProLiant Gen9 servers to
meet key customer needs, including:
Reducing IT costs through larger and more efficient compute resources and storage. ProLiant Gen9
servers allow customers to tailor their compute solution for efficiency by offering flexible choices
for servers, storage, networking, power options, and more.
Delivering faster setup, deployment, and maintenance with innovations in embedded management, as
well as on-premise and on-cloud management.
Increasing workload performance across the Gen9 architecture, including significant advances in
processor and memory performance, as well as optimized storage performance and increased
networking performance with lower latency capabilities.
These ProLiant Gen9 server characteristics empower customers to address the challenges they face
daily without sacrificing the compute power their workloads require. ProLiant Gen9 servers are
designed to provide optimum performance for diverse workloads and have the technical innovation
to meet evolving workload requirements. Figure 1-7 shows that whether a customers business
needs are focused on core applications, virtualization, cloud, or big data, ProLiant Gen9 servers
help customers move toward a new approach to compute that reduces IT and data center
inefficiencies while accelerating service delivery and optimizing application workload
performance. HP innovations extend across the entire server portfolio:

Figure 1-7. ProLiant Gen9 servers designed to meet key customer needs
The HP rack and tower line offers efficiency, value, and return on investment (ROI).
The HP SL line is purpose-built for the density and ultra-density of high-performance computing
(HPC).
HP server blades are the leading cloud and virtualization platform, using convergence, federation,
and automation to reduce costs, downtime, and speed service delivery.
HP continues to be committed to high availability and scale-up with the four-socket x86, HP
Integrity, and HP NonStop families.

HP Technology Services strategy


Customers have many options to consider when determining the right way for IT to support business
requirements. Traditional data centers filled with servers and storage farms are expensive to operate,
slow to change, and difficult to scale. Cloud computing has changed the model, providing viable
alternatives.
HP Technology Services provide advice to help customers design a plan to transform their existing
IT systems, as illustrated in Figure 1-8.
Figure 1-8. HP Technology Services strategy
After a plan has been After the new infrastructure is in place, it must These steps typically
designed, the next step is to be operational and meet changing needs and proceed in a spiral,
integrate new technology increasing demands. As the rate of change always looking for the
into existing processes accelerates, IT staff must look for ways to next best way,
without losing momentum or simplify operations and provide a stable, implementing change,
interrupting business. HP well-performing IT infrastructure. HP support and managing an ever-
implementation and services connect the customers IT systems to changing environment.
deployment teams execute HP support technology to automate and HP support provides
the plans and help streamline the process of making changes, and innovative ways to
customers get started identifying, diagnosing, and resolving consume compute
quickly. This includes problems. The HP support portfolio also capacity and ensure
education services where offers services to enable customers to prevent that business needs
needed to refresh technical problems, receive enhanced access to are met, giving
skills and to help systems technical resources, and reduce the risk to the customers more
administrators learn new business. choice, options, and
ways to do things. flexibility.

Advancing the compute era with ProLiant Gen9 server


technologies
With ProLiant Gen9 servers, HP is redefining compute economics to meet the growing demands of
business. In addition to being able to triple compute capacity at a lower total cost of ownership
(TCO), HP innovations provide benefits (Figure 1-9) such as:
Figure 1-9. Benefits of HP innovations
Redefined economics of compute resourcesMore compute and storage capacity at a lower
capital expense (CapEx) and operating expense (OpEx)
More compute per watt per $ using proven and reliable 12Gb serial attached SCSI (SAS), solid-
state drives (SSDs), and HP SmartMemory
Right-sized computing solutions with flexible choices
Tailored compute for efficiency across multiple workloads with flexible choices in server,
storage, networking, power options, and more
Reduce memory acquisition costs and lower TCO
Lower energy and floor space consumption
Reduce power consumption without impacting IT performance with HP Flexible Slot Power
Supplies25% size reduction from HP Common Slot and 94% efficiency
Increase compute density with PCI Express (PCIe) accelerators and SmartMemory unique to HP
Operate ProLiant Gen9 servers at higher temperatures with ASHRAE 3 and 4

Note
For more information on ASHRAE, visit: https://www.ashrae.org

Consume less space and gain savings in energy costs with HP StoreVirtual VSA
Save energy with efficient cooling
Accelerate service deliveryFaster workload deployment with simple automation
Automated lifecycle management
Faster VM provisioning
Faster cloud deployment
Boost business performanceFaster workload performance delivers better business results
Better computing, memory, and I/O performance
Optimized storage performance
Increased networking performance and lower latency
In addition to faster workload performance, there are additional HP service delivery innovations
and benefits that customers receive:
HP management offerings such as HP OneView automate the delivery and operations of IT services
for enterprise customers.
The HP software-defined approach to infrastructure provisioning leverages a template/profile
approach that dramatically improves the speed for how customers deploy servers/storage/network
infrastructure.
In addition to OneView, HP management offerings And finally, with the goal to enable Cloud
tightly integrate with enterprise management Services and OpenStack integration, HP is
offerings from Microsoft and VMware, which not enabling open industry-standard interfaces
only reduces tool complexity, but also namely, representational state transfer (REST)
fundamentally helps speed VM and cluster application programming interfaces (APIs)
configuration in virtualized environments. that help speed server configuration.

New and improved technologies supporting Gen9


As illustrated in Figure 1-10, HP has integrated many improved technologies into the Gen9
ecosystem, including:

Figure 1-10. Improved technologies in the Gen9 ecosystem


Compute
Intel processors
New rack and tower platforms
Memory
HP DDR4 SmartMemory registered DIMM (RDIMM)/load-reduced DIMMs (LRDIMMs)
Networking
Remote direct memory access (RDMA) over Converged Ethernet
Tunnel offload
HP InfiniBand Fourteen Data Rate (FDR)/Ethernet 1Gb/10Gb/40Gb
HP FlexFabric 20 Gb adapters on blades
Embedded local area network (LAN) on motherboard (LOM) on ProLiant DL servers
Storage
Universal Media Bay
Embedded/Flexible LOM
HP Flexible Smart Array
HP Smart Array controllers
HP SAS expander card
HP Smart HBA on server blades
SAS drives
HP PCIe workload accelerators
HP SmartCache with SSD
HP Smart Storage Battery
Management
HP integrated Lights-Out (iLO)
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
HP RESTful Interface Tool
HP Smart Update Manager (HP SUM)
HP Location Discovery Services
OneView
HP Insight Online
Security
UEFI Secure Boot
HP Secure Encryption
Power and cooling
Flexible Slot power supplies
ASHRAE A3/A4 support
HP uninterruptable power supplies (UPSs)
HP rack-mountable power distribution units (PDUs)
HP Power Discovery Services
Services
Simplified HP Foundation Support services
Hardware support
Software support
HP Support Plus 24

ProLiant Gen9 server series


The ProLiant Gen9 server series (Figure 1-11) is an integral part of the HP portfolio, embodying the
key principles of convergence, software-defined solution, cloud-ready design, and workload
optimization. Specifically, it delivers better software-defined and cloud-ready capabilities with
OneView enhancements, UEFI and the REST application programming interface (API), and
integration with Microsoft and VMware software tools.

Figure 1-11. The ProLiant Gen9 server portfolio


ProLiant Gen9 servers advance convergence with storage virtualization enhancements with
StoreVirtual VSA, HP Smart Storage, and SmartMemory solutions. They deliver improved
workload-optimization capabilities with PCIe workload accelerators.

Compute innovations in ProLiant Gen9 servers


Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors
All ProLiant Gen9 two-socket servers use the Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 (codename Haswell) processor
series (Figure 1-12), providing significant performance improvements over the E5-2600 and E5-2600
v2 series processors in ProLiant Gen8 servers. The E5-2600 v3 series processors feature several
architectural improvements:

Figure 1-12. Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 processor


An increase in the number of internal cores with a minimum of 4 and a maximum of 18ideal for
workloads that can benefit from more processor cores and for virtualized environments that need
to host more VMs.
CPU architectural improvements to deliver both improved legacy and floating point performance
ideal for workloads that benefit from more CPU performance.
Use of DDR4 HP SmartMemory with memory transfer rates of up to 2133 MT/sideal for memory
latency sensitive workloads.
An increase to 40 PCIe 3.0 lanes, delivering greater I/O throughput capabilityideal for I/O-bound
workloads.
Faster 9.6 GT/s QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) links for faster communication between system
components, leading to greater overall system performance. Connect one or more processors and
one or more I/O hubs together on the system board, allowing all of the components to
communicate.
Processor power management with smarter power cores and per core p-states that deliver up to a
36% increase in power efficiencyideal for customers who want to reduce energy consumption.
Depending on the particular model, Xeon E5-2600 v3 series processors have shown up to a 70%
gain in workload performance over the comparable E5-2600 v2 series processor.

Storage on the memory bus


Figure 1-13 illustrates how the cost and performance of memory decreases as latency increases.
Persistent storage on the I/O bus includes:

Figure 1-13. Storage on the memory bus


Magnetoresistive Random-Access Memory (MRAM)Has much lower power consumption than
DRAM. It is faster than flash memory and does not degrade over time. With MRAM, data is stored
by magnetic storage elements.
Phase-Change Random-Access Memory (PRAM)Is a type of nonvolatile random-access
memory (NVRAM) with inherent scalability, which is what makes it attractive. It is based on the
same storage mechanism technology as CDs and DVDs. Phase change is a thermally driven
process rather than an electronic process. There are still great challenges with PRAM, most
notably threshold resistance and voltage drift.
Resistive Random-Access Memory (RRAM)Changes resistance across a material often referred
to as a memristor. RRAM has potential to replace flash memory, but is still in the development
stage. It has a faster timescale than PRAM and a simpler, smaller cell structure than MRAM.

HP SmartMemory
IT trends such as server virtualization, cloud computing, and high-performance computing make
significant demands on server memory speed, capacity, and availability, defining the systems
reliability, performance, and overall power consumption to a much greater extent than before.
Therefore, choosing the right memory is the key to ensuring high reliability and performance and to
delivering a faster return on IT investments.
As shown in Figure 1-14, DDR4 SmartMemory offers significant improvements over previous
memory generations. DDR4 SmartMemory provides up to 2133 MT/s bandwidth for up to a 33%
increase in throughput over DDR3 memory.

Figure 1-14. Advantages of SmartMemory


For applications that require maximum memory Unlike other third-party SmartMemory
capacity, SmartMemory LRDIMMs reduce the memory, SmartMemory unlocks
electrical load to the memory controller, allowing authenticates whether certain
higher capacity memory to run in three DIMMs-per- memory has passed rigorous performance
channel configurations. DDR4 SmartMemory HP qualification and testing and high
RDIMMs are engineered to achieve a higher to ensure that customers are efficiency
performance level at 1.2 V, saving as much as 35% getting the highest quality, features
when compared to DDR3-1866 DIMMs running at genuine HP Qualified Server optimized for
1.5 V. Memory. ProLiant
Gen9 servers:
SmartMemory operates at DDR4 2133 MHz with one and two DIMMs per channel.
32GB LRDIMMs increase capacity by 33%, enabling ProLiant Gen9 server blades to provide up to
512 GB total memory.
SmartMemory features enhanced reporting through the HP Active Health System. SmartMemory is
ideal for ProLiant Gen9 customers who are looking to extract all the memory performance,
dependability, and power savings that ProLiant Gen9 servers are designed to deliver.
Note
Because of some Gen9 SmartMemory features, DDR4 and DDR3 memory is not
interchangeable.

DDR4 memory
High-end servers running in-memory database applications are among the many systems that benefit
from the improved performance of DDR4 memory. HP DDR4 ( Figure 1-15) SmartMemory is more
reliable than earlier DRAM because of innovations such as HP Advanced Memory Error Detection
technology.

Figure 1-15. HP DDR4 SmartMemory


Uncorrectable memory errors can Systems can no longer rely on simple By improving the
cause applications and operating error event counts on systems containing prediction of non-
systems to crash, so they are costly up to 14 trillion memory transistors. recoverable
in terms of downtime and repairs. Advanced Memory Error Detection memory events,
The best way to prevent Technology seeks out specific defects that this technology
unnecessary DIMM replacements is either cause performance degradation or prevents
to filter out superfluous errors and significantly increase the probability of an unnecessary
identify critical errors that can lead uncorrectable (non-recoverable) memory DIMM
to a shutdown. condition. replacements and
increases server
uptime.

ProLiant BL460c Gen9 advanced memory protection features


The ProLiant BL460c Gen9 server blade includes these advanced memory protection features:
Advanced error checking and correcting (ECC)/single device data correctionContinues
memory operation in the event of a single memory device failure. These technologies allow
removal of a single DRAM from the memory map if it exhibits a failure and recover its data into a
new device. They support both x4 and x8 single device data correction.
Rank sparing (online spare)Enables dynamic failover to a spare DIMM rank or spare rank pair
behind the same memory controller with no operating system involvement. HP offers the rank
sparing rather than DIMM sparing because rank sparing uses less spare memory, resulting in less
overhead.

Note
This feature cannot be enabled concurrently with memory mirroring.

Demand scrubbingWrites corrected data back to the memory when a correctable error is detected
on a read transaction.
Patrol scrubbingProactively searches the system memory repairing correctable errors. Patrol and
demand scrubbing work together to prevent accumulation of correctable errors, reducing the
likelihood of unplanned downtime.
Memory thermal controlPrevents DIMMs from overheating by slowing down the memory access
rate. The temperature is monitored by a DIMM sensor.
DIMM address/control bus parity protectionDetects and protects against command and address
errors.

Comparing RDIMMs and LRDIMMs


Load-reduced DIMMs (LRDIMMs) are memory modules that are designed to increase system
memory capacity and speed. Like a registered DIMM (RDIMM), LRDIMMs buffer the address and
control signals. Unlike an RDIMM, an LRDIMM also buffers the data lines, as illustrated in Figure 1-
16. In an RDIMM, data signals are driven by a controller, limiting performance. Not only do
LRDIMMs improve performance, they also reduce problems associated with heat and power
dissipation.
Figure 1-16. RDIMMs compared with LRDIMMs
The LRDIMM memory buffer ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers support LRDIMMs. In
reduces the electrical load to the addition, ProLiant Gen9 servers support three-dimensional
memory controller and allows stacking (3DS) technology, which stacks memory chips in a
higher-capacity memory to run at single component. This memory design yields expanded
three DIMMs per channel. capacity on a single DIMM, improved bus efficiency, and
LRDIMMs are for customers who higher frequency. It also reduces the load, resulting in lower
require the maximum memory power consumption.
capacity.

Note
There is a trade-off between the advantages of persistent memory and total RAM size, as a
result of some of the physical space on the memory module being taken up by SSD, rather
than RAM.

NVDIMM or Hybrid DIMM


Nonvolatile DIMM (NVDIMM) technology combines the speed and long life of DRAM with the
persistent storage of flash memory, resulting in increased system performance and reliability. Also
called hybrid DIMMS (HDIMMs), NVDIMMs provide performance, cost, and data security
advantages for a range of enterprise-class server and storage applications. NVDIMMs can be used
for broad application acceleration and are ideal for hyperscale computing environments focused on
cloud computing, big data analytics, high-performance databases, and low-latency applications such
as high frequency trading.
Figure 1-17 illustrates how NVDIMM technology moves storage closer to the memory bus. The
chips on the left-hand side of the DIMM use DRAM technology to store data in standard memory.
The memory on the right-hand side of the DIMM stores data in persistent memory or flash memory
that is, the data is retained even after the server is powered down. The chip in the middle is the
controller that enables the transition between the two types of memory.

Figure 1-17. NVDIMM


As detailed in Table 1-1, ProLiant Gen9 servers support DDR4 NVDIMMs with a special
controller that is the main interface to the processor. They also have a separate flash controller. If
power is lost, the NVDIMM controller moves data from the DRAM to its own onboard flash. This
data movement is kept within the NVDIMM itself and is powered by a mega-cell battery.

Table 1-1. NVDIMM types


NVDIMM NVDIMM support in ProLiant Gen9 servers
types
Type 1 Battery backed, equivalent DRAM and flash, 4, 8, 16, 32 GB, AgigaTech, SMART,
Viking, SKHynix, HP
Type 2 Battery backed, 8 GB DRAM (cache), 200 GB flash
Type 3 No battery, memory expansion, 512k SRAM + 200400 GB flash, SanDisk/Diablo
Technologies
Type 4 No battery, 512 GB of NVRAM, no DRAM, Intel Solution, HP Memristor requires
enhanced DDR4 bus

Storage innovations in ProLiant Gen9 servers


Customer storage challenges
Making IT a strategic enabler of the business has never been more challenging. Data storage
requirements are growing exponentially, along with government regulations for protecting sensitive
data. This means that storage solutions need to meet a variety of needs. As an example, every minute:
217 new mobile users are online.
More than 168 million emails are sent.
1,879 TB data is created.
698,455 Google searches are performed.
11 million instant messages are sent.
It is currently being predicted that IT systems will create Customers have several requirements
a new yottabyte of data a year by 2020. It is being regarding how to manage their complex
predicted that systems will create a new brontobyte of and expanding storage infrastructure.
data a year by 2025. These include:
Need to manage growing storage with fixed IT resources
Need to proactively identify and resolve storage bottlenecks
Need for single pane of glass for deployment, configuration, performance monitoring, and
maintenance
To rise to the challenge, organizations need new technologies and capabilities that deliver
compelling business outcomes faster. Smart Storage solutions for ProLiant Gen9 servers are built to
provide resources for the new style of IT, where IT is tightly aligned with business requirements to
streamline operations, contain costs, accelerate the delivery of new products and services, and
optimize application performance. Smart Storage solutions improve storage utilization and
performance while delivering the scalability, reliability, and accessibility required to compete.

Note
For many years, the capacity of storage devices has been described using megabytes (MB),
gigabytes (GB), and terabytes (TB). Similarly, throughput has been historically measured in
megabits (Mb) and gigabits (Gb) per second.
As the scale of devices expands, the difference between the marketing terms (MB, GB, TB)
and their engineering equivalents mibibyte (MiB), gibibyte (GiB), and tebibyte (TiB) grows
at an alarming pace.
To more accurately represent throughput and storage capacity, the use of Mib, Gib, MiB,
GiB, and TiB is accepted.

HP Smart Storage solutions for ProLiant Gen9 servers


HP Smart Storage encompasses all of the storage technologies built into ProLiant Gen9 servers,
which are illustrated in Figure 1-18.
Figure 1-18. HP Smart Storage solutions for ProLiant Gen9 servers
HP Smart ArrayThe core of the Smart Storage portfolio since 1989, the Smart Array provides a
complete portfolio of enterprise-class RAID controllers with fault tolerance for ProLiant attached
storage. Designed to enhance server uptime and maintain flexibility for future growth, Smart Array
controllers blend the reliability of SCSI with the performance advantages of serial architecture.
Providing industry-leading performance with unmatched data protection, this is the solution for
companies with direct-attached SAS storage. With support for more than 576 TB of total storage,
Smart Array controllers can help customers meet the requirements of a broad range of
applications. Moreover, by providing extensive choices for server and storage deployment, these
controllers provide high levels of flexibility and ROI.
HP Smart host bus adapters (HBAs)Provide high-performance SAS storage connectivity to
ProLiant, including JBODs, Modular Smart Arrays (MSAs), and tape attached storage. Perfect for
environments that require fast access, Smart HBAs provide cost-effective and reliable high-
performance SAS connectivity to direct-attached storage, shared storage, and tape drives for
ProLiant servers running Hadoop, Database Availability Group, and VMware vSAN. Smart HBAs
are a perfect conduit for deploying software-defined storage as a means to manage the IT storage
pool.
HP IO Accelerators and PCIe Workload AcceleratorsPCIe storage devices providing extreme
performance and very low latency. With enterprise-class endurance and reliability and capacity
points up to 3.0 TB, these solutions are ideal for applications and workloads requiring maximized
performance.
HP SAS ExpanderThe SAS expander card allows any of the ProLiant Gen9 DL servers to be
configured with their maximum number of drives. The expander card is ideal for users who want to
RAID more than eight internal hard disk drives or add an additional internal drive cage and RAID
across all the internal drives.
HP Smart Storage BatteryIn ProLiant Gen9 servers, a single Smart Storage Battery connected
to the system board provides the backup battery power to all of the Smart Array controllers in the
system that use flash-backed write cache (FBWC). Each 96 W Smart Storage Battery in ProLiant
ML/DL servers is capable of providing enough power to support backing up the larger cache sizes
(4 GB) found in Gen9 Smart Array controllers.
HP Smart Storage Administrator (SSA)This is the comprehensive management and
configuration application for Smart Storage products and solutions. Available as a stand-alone
application or as a CLI, this utility provides advanced scripting and diagnostics capability to
simplify and streamline array configuration and management.
HP Smart Storage Power ManagementOptimizes controller power consumption based on both
array configuration and workload. Smart Storage Power Management can save several watts on
storage controller power consumption without greatly impacting overall storage performance.
HP SSD Smart PathWith SSD Smart Path, the Smart Storage device drivers analyze each I/O
request to decide whether it can be executed more quickly through the driver itself or whether it
should be passed to the Smart Array firmware for execution as normal I/O. It is designed
specifically to deliver performance gains for logical drives using SSDs on Smart Array
controllers.
SmartCacheIn direct-attached storage (DAS) environments, SmartCache uses one or more SSDs
as dedicated caching devices for other volumes, increasing storage performance by copying the
most frequently accessed data to the low-latency SSDs for quicker access that is completely
transparent to host applications.

ProLiant Gen9 Smart Storage enhancements


All ProLiant Gen9 servers can be purchased with a SATA-only option supporting up to 10 ports. This
is delivered in the form of the HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i, which is the standard embedded
storage controller for all ProLiant Gen9 servers. It replaces the B120i and B320i controllers that
were on ProLiant Gen8 servers.
The Dynamic Smart Array B140i is the entry-level storage controller for ProLiant Gen9 servers,
delivering a basic level of storage functionality and performance. It is ideal for providing support
for operating system boot devices or to provide basic protection for data that does not require
significant storage performance.

Note
The Dynamic Smart Array B140i acts as the default controller only if you do not install the
more powerful Smart SAS HBA controller or the Smart Array controller in the system.

The Dynamic Smart Array B140i The Dynamic Smart Array B140i The Smart Array
supports only 6 Gbs SATA controller embedded on the system controllers use the PCIe
drives using the embedded SATA board of all ProLiant Gen9 servers is 3.0 host interface and
ports that are part of each upgradeable with a Flexible Smart 12Gb/s SAS storage
ProLiant Gen9 server. On Array or Smart HBA on ProLiant interfaces. These
ProLiant Gen9 ML/DL systems, it DL380 and DL360 Gen9 servers controllers also provide
can support a maximum of 10 (without consuming a PCIe slot) and active health logging and
SATA drivesan increase from with a standup PCI adapter on all predictive spare
the ProLiant Gen8 embedded ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower activation and use an
controllers. servers. embedded RAID-on-Chip
(ROC).

Software RAID with the Dynamic Smart Array B140i


In addition to supporting individually attached SATA drives as standard Advanced Host Controller
Interface (AHCI) devices, the B140i also supports RAID operation. Using HP Smart Storage
Administrator (SSA), you can configure the B140i and attached SATA drives for RAID 0, RAID 1,
RAID 10, or RAID 5 operation.
Unlike the more advanced HP Smart SAS The B140i is also On many of the ProLiant Gen8
HBA and Smart Array controllers, the dependent on the UEFI servers, there was a Smart
B140i uses driver-based software RAID. interface and will not Array card embedded into the
All of the RAID functions and calculationsoperate in Legacy system board. For customers
are performed by the operating system BIOS mode. Using a who have no need for this
drivers using server CPU and memory UEFI driver included Smart Array card, the optional
resources. The B140i does not feature in the system ROM, daughter cards provide more
write cache capability, and it uses a readthe B140i does flexibility and eliminate the
cache that it carves from system memory. support bootable cost of the embedded
RAID volumes. controller:
P440ar, H240ar supported on the ProLiant DL380, DL360, and ML350
P244br, H244br supported on the ProLiant BL460 server
All of the In In For better performing and more scalable The The
Gen9 P- ProLiant ProLiant solutions, HP offers both the Smart SAS DL580 stand-
and H- Gen9 Gen8 HBA Controller H240ar and the Gen8 was alone
series SAS servers, a servers, Flexible Smart Array Controller P440ar. the only SAS
controllers single the low- These daughter card controllers work on ProLiant expander
support Smart cost SAS selected ProLiant Gen9 300 series ML Gen8 for
12Gib Storage RAID and DL servers without using up a PCIe server to ProLiant
SAS and Battery solution slot. This enables you to choose the base support ML/DL
are connected supported storage controller for each server. With 12Gb servers
backward to the RAID 0 two x4 mini-SAS ports, either of these SAS. All enables
compatible system and controllers is capable of supporting up ProLiant the full
with 6 Gb board RAID 1. to eight small form-factor (SFF) drives Gen9 portfolio
SAS. provides The low- in a ProLiant Gen9 server. These servers of
Because the backup cost controllers can be paired with the 12Gb have 12Gb internal
they share battery Gen9 SAS Expander Card to support more SAS drives to
the same power to SAS than eight internal drives. The SAS internal be
ASIC, all of the Smart expander card enables all of the backplanes installed.
firmware, Smart Array ProLiant Gen9 DL servers to be and
and Array controller configured with their maximum number support
drivers, controllers supports of drives. The ProLiant Gen9 BL460c 12Gb
production in the RAID 0, server blade supports the P244br and SSDs and
costs are system that 1, and 5. H244br controllers. 15K SAS
reduced. use hard disk
FBWC. drives
(HDDs).

Note
Supported external JBODs include HP disk enclosures D2600 (6 Gib), D2700 (6 GiB),
D6000 (6 GiB), D3600 (12 GiB), and D3700 (12 GiB).

P-Series controllers: Enhancements


The HP P-Series controllers include support for:
User configurable power mode
Maximum performanceDefault, no power savings
Minimum powerMaximum power savings, potential significant impact on performance
BalancedOptimal settings based on configuration, minimal performance impact
SmartCache
Write-back capability for improved write performance
Critical for many applications, such as Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
RAID 0, 1, and 5 support for cache LUN
Added RAID 1 support for cache LUN in write-through mode
Seamless encryption support, enabled transformation for non-cache volumes
HBA mode
No logical drives
All raw drives are presented to applications
Provides performance benefit to customers who choose not to use the protection of RAID in favor
of better performance

HP 12Gb SAS Expander Card


The HP 12Gb SAS Expander Card (Figure 1-19) provides internal storage expansion within the
ProLiant Gen9 DL/ML Server by allowing support for more than eight internal hard disk drives
when connected to a Gen9-supported Smart Array or Smart HBA controller. This full height card
supports 12Gb/s SAS connectivity and features nine internal ports with a maximum of 26 physical
links. The 12Gb SAS Expander Card is ideal for ProLiant DL380, DL180, and ML350 Gen9 server
users who want to use RAID with more than eight internal hard disk drives or who want to add
additional internal drive cages and RAID across all the internal drives connected to the controller.
Figure 1-19. 12Gb SAS Expander Card
Key features include:
12Gb/s SAS technology delivers high performance and data bandwidth up to 1200MB/s per
physical link and contains full compatibility with 6Gb/s SATA technology. Mix-and-match SAS
and SATA hard drives enables deployment of drive technology as needed to fit in the customers
computing environment.
Support for up to 26 internal drive bays (supports three 8-SFF drive backplanes, with each holding
eight drive bays, plus two SFF in the back of the server).
Edge buffering6Gb/s drives use buffering to maintain 12Gb/s backend speed.
The 12Gb SAS Expander Card is The graphic shows the internal storage architecture for the
ideal for mid-range to enterprise-level ProLiant DL380 Gen9 server with the 12Gb SAS Expander
customers looking to add internal Card installed. The DL380 server supports up to 26 SFF
direct-attached SAS storage for file, drives internally24 on the storage backplane and two
messaging, and database applications. more connected to the rear drive cage backplane.

HP PCIe Workload and IO Accelerators


HP PCIe Workload Accelerators for The PCIe Workload Accelerator The PCIe
ProLiant ML/DL servers are PCIe increases application performance by Workload
card-based direct-attached solutions moving storage closer to the CPU and has Accelerators
offering high performance with low a latency of about 30 microseconds provide the
latency and enterprise reliability. compared to 100 milliseconds for array benefits shown in
They are ideal for enterprise controllers. PCIe Workload Accelerators Figure 1-20 and
workloads that require real-time data are available for ProLiant DL servers and greatly increase
access with high transaction rates and improve performance with 25nm NAND performance of
low latency. technology. the following
applications:

Figure 1-20. Benefits of HP PCIe Workload and IO Accelerators


Enterprise resource planning (ERP)
Microsoft Exchange
Microsoft SharePoint
Business intelligence and data warehousing
Virtualization
Multimedia
Medical imaging
The HP IO Accelerator for The IO Accelerator brings high I/O performance and low latency
HP BladeSystem c-Class is access to storage, with the reliability of solid state. It provides high
targeted for markets and read and write performance and accelerated application
applications requiring high performance (up to 530K IOPs) for customers with high I/O
transaction rates and real- requirements who buy large arrays just to get the performance from
time data access that will large number of drives. Customers with applications requiring high
benefit from application transaction rates and real-time data access will benefit from the high
performance enhancement. It speed (up to 1.5 GB/s), augmenting existing network attached storage
offers the equivalent storage (NAS)/storage area network (SAN) HDD-based solutions offered by
performance of multiple the IO Accelerator.
disks.

HP Smart Storage Battery


With the introduction of ProLiant Gen9 servers, HP made a significant change to Gen9 Smart Array
controllers to support FBWC. In ProLiant Gen9 servers, a single HP Smart Storage Battery (Figure 1-
21) connected to the system board provides the backup battery power to all of the Smart Array
controllers in the system that use FBWC. The Smart Storage Battery for ProLiant ML/DL/SL servers
is a single lithium-ion battery pack capable of supporting multiple devices and replaces the
individual supercaps used with each controller in Gen8 systems.

Figure 1-21. Smart Storage Battery works with HP iLO


This approach for supporting FBWC has The Smart Storage Battery The Smart Storage
several advantages over the use of individual also simplifies cabling by battery should provide
supercaps. The Smart Storage Battery delivering its power to the a longer life expectancy
delivers more power for backup. Each 96 W system board using a single than earlier solutions.
Smart Storage Battery in ML/DL servers can connection. Daughterboard- By positioning the
provide enough power to support backing up based Smart Array battery pack in an area
the larger cache sizes (4 GB) found in HP controllers that use FBWC of the server that will
Gen9 Smart Array controllers. Backing up 4 draw their battery power keep it at a temperature
GB of cache to the flash modules can take up directly though their below 50 Celsius, HP
to one minute, which is too close to the connection to the system has engineered a design
maximum capabilities of supercaps used board. For P-series that maximizes the
with each controller in Gen8 systems. The controllers, a single cable lifespan of the Smart
Smart Storage Battery can also support up to from the riser card to the Storage Battery, which
24 separate devices in the system. controller provides the is fully warrantied for
connection to the battery. three years.

HP Smart Storage Administrator


For ProLiant Gen9 servers, the HP Smart Storage Administrator (SSA) continues to evolve as the
single control point for configuration, management, and monitoring of HP Smart Storage. In addition
to a simplified and more intuitive user interface, HP has incorporated the following into SSA for
Gen9 Smart Storage:
HP Array Diagnostics Utility (ADU)
Support for the HP Smart Wear Gauge for SSDs across all Gen9 storage controllers (including
AHCI attached drives)
Configuration and management of advanced Smart Storage functionalityincluding SmartCache,
Secure Encryption, and Power Management
Key features of SSA include:
Comprehensive management for Smart Storage products
Simplified and intuitive interface and functionality
Target customers for SSA include Smart Array customers who need:
To manage and configure their RAID technology and arrays
To deploy and manage advanced features such as SmartCache
Advanced scripting and diagnostics features

HP SmartCache
Storage has traditionally been a bottleneck in servers, As solid state technology has dropped in
and comparing performance gains in storage to price, customers have started investing
processor and memory performance gains highlights more into this technology. However, the
this fact. Much of the innovation HP delivered in prospect of an all-SSD solution is still too
ProLiant Gen8 servers focused on breaking these big an investment for many customers.
storage bottlenecks and enhancing solid state SmartCache (Figure 1-22) is the ideal
technology. SSDs have much lower latency and higher solution for customers looking to invest in
performance when compared to traditional rotational SSD technology at a controlled pace to get
hard drives, but the historical prices of these drives the benefits of lower latency SSDs without
have prevented widespread adoption. moving to all SSDs.
Figure 1-22. HP SmartCache
Any customer with a ProLiant Gen8 or newer server with a SmartCache accelerates workloads
supported Smart Array controller, a SmartCache license, and at with minimal investment into
least one SSD volume can implement the SmartCache solution. SSDs. Benefits of SmartCache
include:
Seamless integration into a data center. No operating system or application changes are required.
Increased utilization and more efficient usage of investment into ProLiant technology. This solution
enhances investment into ProLiant and improves the performance and efficiency of workloads.
Simplified deployment and management using SSA, the same management and configuration
application used to manage HP storage arrays.
The ideal environment for SmartCache is a ProLiant Gen8 or The amount of data tagged as hot
newer server running a read-intensive workload with data and sent over to the SSD is
repetitive data requests, such as a database application that called the cache hit rate. A cache
frequently accesses specific files such as page files. That is hit rate of 80% means that 80% of
the type of data tagged as hot data and sent over to the SSD, so the workload is being read off the
the application can read from the faster-performing SSD drive SSD. The higher the cache hit rate,
instead of rotational hard drives. the better the performance.
HP SSD Smart Path
As illustrated in Figure 1-23, the HP SSD Smart Path feature included in the Smart Array software
stack improves SSD read performance. SSD Smart Path enables an optimized data path to high
performance solid state drives. The optimized path bypasses the controllers RAID processing
components and sends I/O directly to the drives.

Figure 1-23. SSD Smart Path optimizes the data path


With up to 3.5X better SSD read performance, SSD Smart Path chooses the The following
optimum path to the SSD and accelerates reads for all RAID levels and RAID 0 operating
writes. SSD Smart Path is ideal for read-intensive workloads using more than six systems are
SSDs and is included with Smart Array P-series controllers. supported by
SSD Smart Path:
Microsoft Windows Server 2008
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, and 7.0
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (SP1, SP2, SP3) and 12
VMware ESXi 5.0 Update 3
VMware vSphere 5.1 Update 2 and vSphere 5.5

HP Smart Storage benefits summary


Simplicity
SmartMemory reduces power consumption by 37% compared to ProLiant Gen8
Common HDD/SSD SmartCarrier prevents data loss
SSA provides a comprehensive utility for the attached storage
Agility
More transactions per server with PCIe Workload Accelerators
Power Discovery Services prevents common errors
SmartCache provides better workload performance
12Gb/s SAS Expander to scale storage capacity for multi-workload needs
Efficiency
Memory performance improvements
Highly efficient 94% power supply
Maximize power efficiency for server configurations with HP Power Advisor tool
Power monitoring accuracy with HP Intelligent Power Distribution Unit (iPDU)
Improved power efficiency with Gen9 Smart Arrays and HBAs
Rapid rebuild improves IT efficiency with the Smart Array firmware
Reliability
Rigorous SSD and HDD qualification, with up to 2.4 million test hours
HP SmartSSD Wear Gauge for monitoring SSD life
HP Secure Encryption protects data at rest for local or remote mode
Flexible Smart Array and Smart SAS HBA designed to meet unique requirements

Networking innovations in ProLiant Gen9 servers


What is RDMA?
Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012 include SMB Direct, which supports the use of
network adapters that have Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) capability. RDMA network
adapters can function at full speed with very low latency and use very little CPU. For workloads such
as Microsoft Hyper-V or SQL Server, this enables a remote file server to resemble local storage.
SMB Direct includes:
Increased throughputLeverages the full throughput of high-speed networks where the network
adapters coordinate the transfer of large amounts of data at line speed
Low latencyProvides extremely fast responses to network requests and, as a result, makes remote
file storage feel as if it is directly attached block storage
Low CPU utilizationUses fewer CPU cycles when transferring data over the network, which
leaves more power available to server applications

RDMA and RoCE


RDMA allows data to move between application memory in different servers without any CPU
involvement. RDMA over Converged Ethernet (RoCE) provides this data transfer with very low
latencies on lossless Ethernet networks and is ideal for live migration and Microsoft SMB Direct
environments.
RoCE benefits from improved I/O performance and improved application CPU efficiency when
compared to TCP/IP, as illustrated in Figure 1-24.
Figure 1-24. RoCE compared to InfiniBand and TCP/IP
Data Center Bridging (DCB) is a set of IEEE standards that create a lossless fabric on top of
Ethernet. RDMA works best when the underlying wires implement a lossless fabric. DCB requires
switches and NICs to implement important IEEE specs.

Increase virtualization performance with RoCE


Growth in the number of applications and users is impacting network traffic and driving increased
virtual machine deployment, straining system I/O and CPU resources. Customers need agile and
efficient infrastructure to maximize use of virtualized workloads throughout their lifecycle.
Though converged LAN and SAN can RoCE is an accelerated I/O delivery mechanism that
provide cost savings in infrastructure and allows data to be transferred directly from the memory
simplified management, in clustered, grid, of the source server to the memory of the destination
and utility computing, low-latency and server, bypassing the operating system kernel. As
higher efficiency are extremely important illustrated in Figure 1-25, because the RDMA data
and need further improvement. Every transfer is performed by the DMA engine on the
microsecond delay in data transfer, adapters network processor, the CPU is not used for
algorithmic execution, or transaction the data movement, freeing it to perform other tasks such
derivation can result in millions of dollars as hosting more virtual workloads (increased VM
in losses. density).
Figure 1-25. RoCE bypasses the CPU for data transfers
RDMA also bypasses the host TCP/IP stack in favor of upper RoCE is a key feature of HP
layer InfiniBand protocols implemented in the adapters FlexFabric 556 (for HP rack and
network processor. Bypassing the TCP/IP stack and removing a tower ProLiant servers) and
data copy step reduce overall latency to deliver accelerated FlexFabric 650 series (for HP
performance for applications such as Hyper-V Live Migration, server blades) adapters. The
Microsoft SQL, and Microsoft SharePoint with SMB Direct. adapters provide tunnel offload for
For example, using SMB Direct with RoCE, Hyper-V Live efficient overlay networking to
Migration is much faster than with TCP/IP. RoCE reduces CPU increase VM migration flexibility
utilization and helps maximize host VM density and server and network scale with minimal
efficiency. impact to server performance.

What are overlay networks?


The evolution to cloud data centers requires deployment, at scale, of tens of thousands (and more)
secure, private networks for tenants. Current virtual LAN (VLAN) technology is limited to 4,096
VLAN IDs, allowing for a very small number of isolated private networks.
T w o overlay networking In both cases, a virtual Layer 2 overlay This networking
technologies, network network (tunnel) is automatically created technology allows the
virtualization using generic on top of a Layer 3 network. VM-to-VM creation of up to 16
routing encapsulation (NVGRE) communications traffic traverses this million private,
(which is supported by virtual network. A VM can be freely isolated networks,
Microsoft) and virtual extensible migrated across the data center over an which resolves the
LAN (VXLAN) (which is overlay network without reconfiguration, scalability challenge,
supported by VMware), address which saves time. as shown in Figure 1-
these challenges. 26.
Figure 1-26. Traditional and overlay network comparison

HP Virtual Connect and Flex Adapter hardware


The innovative FlexFabric 20Gb converged network adapters (CNAs) for BladeSystems remove the
10Gb bandwidth restrictions imposed by previous generations of adapters. HP Flex Adapters ( Figure
1-27) deliver native 20Gb performance per port or aggregate 40Gb performance in a dual-port
adapter. Industry-available solutions deliver performance through aggregate or multiple 1/10Gb ports
on single or multiple adapters in a teamed fashion. The performance of 20Gb per port is twice the
current 10Gb per port. HP adapters stream converged 10GbE and 8Gb storage simultaneously over a
20Gb port.

Figure 1-27. Advantages of HP Virtual Connect and Flex Adapter hardware


Previously, 10Gb FlexNIC When connected to HP The FlexFabric The FlexFabric 20Gb
implementations were limited 6125XLG Ethernet Blade 10Gb 2-port 2-port 650FLB
to partitioning 10Gb into one Switch, the FlexFabric 556FLR-SFP+ Adapter and the
8/4Gb Fibre Channel and 20Gb 2-port 650FLB Adapter is FlexFabric 10Gb 2-
multiple GbE physical Adapter also supports installed in the port 556FLR-SFP+
functions or as a single 10GbE RoCE, which increases FlexibleLOM Adapter provide
(no Fibre Channel or host efficiency and lowers socket in the faster Microsoft
bandwidth for other physical latency. When connected to ProLiant Gen9 Hyper-V Live
functions). 20Gb ports can be HP Virtual Connect rack and tower Migration (using
partitioned into a full-rate FlexFabric-20/40 F8 servers. The SMB with RoCE
10Gb Ethernet and a full-rate Modules, it provides adapter offers instead of TCP/IP),
8Gb FCoE, with increased 20GbE performance and it 10GbE reduce CPU
additional bandwidth can also provide 10GbE FlexibleLOM consumption, reduce
remaining for other functions, performance when with RDMA latency, and improve
provisioned in 100Mbps connected to the 6125XLG and tunnel host VM density and
increments. Ethernet Blade Switch. offload server efficiency
features. using RoCE.

Boost server efficiency for overlay networking


Traditional Layer 2 networks limit mobility and scale of virtualized and multi-tenant workloads.
Overlay network tunneling technologies (VXLAN and NVGRE) address these issues but significantly
impact performance of data center compute resources. More specifically, they cause significant
increases of CPU utilization, reduction in network throughput, and higher power consumption.

Note
Inserting the VXLAN/NVGRE header on an Ethernet frame, as well as calculating the new
checksum value, creates a tremendous burden on throughput and host CPU utilization and
increases power consumption. This limits the number of virtual machines per physical server
platform.

FlexFabric 556 series (for ProLiant ML and DL servers) and FlexFabric 650 series (for ProLiant
BL servers) adapters minimize the impact of overlay networking on host performance with tunnel
offload support for VXLAN and NVGRE. By offloading packet processing to adapters (Figure 1-
28), overlay networking increases VM migration flexibility and network scale with minimal impact
to performance. HP tunnel offloading increases I/O throughput up to 129%, reduces CPU utilization
up to 46%, and lowers power consumption up to 12%. These adapters are the first to support
VXLAN, NVGRE, and RoCE.
Figure 1-28. Increased VM security and network scale with minimal impact on performance

HP Converged Management
Agile management for accelerating IT service delivery
Regardless of the size of a companys IT infrastructure, they need it to be fast to set up, easy to
operate, control, and support, and economical regarding space and energyall while minimizing IT
costs. HP provides a comprehensive set of server management capabilities specifically designed to
manage the lifecycle for the HP server portfolio, from towers to racks to blades.
In addition to providing server HP server management is H P server management
administrators with the tools to drive architected to include an open, is an agile infrastructure
day-to-day operations, HP server industry-standard REST API that management solution for
management offers out-of-the-box enables IT staff to quickly and accelerating IT service
integration with leading enterprise securely customize server delivery and support. As
management solutions from HP, configuration and provisioning shown in Figure 1-29,
VMware, Microsoft, and Red Hat, with and, at the same time, provide a HP categorizes its
more than 65 points of integration that common interface for integration management platforms
help eliminate complexity and enable a to HP Helion and cloud as on-system, on-
single pane of glass experience. ecosystems such as OpenStack. premise, and on-cloud.
Figure 1-29. HP Converged Management platform categories

ProLiant Gen9 server management portfolio


ProLiant Gen9 management is divided into three categories:
On-systemBuilt-in intelligence and automation for increased server admin productivity
Server management to provision, monitor, and troubleshoot servers
Remote and out-of-band management
Graphical and scripting capabilities
On-premiseConverged management for the software-defined data center
Converged to simplify management across servers, storage, and networks
Software-defined infrastructure for rapid, repeatable, reliable operations at lower costs
Automated to streamline delivery of IT services and speed transitions to the hybrid cloud
On-cloudAutomated support experience with less risk and increased efficiency
Easy, all-in-one personalized dashboard
Tracking of IT health and automated cases for servers, storage, and networks
Contract, warranty, case, and service credit management

On-system management
A s shown in Figure 1-30, the on-system management tools available for ProLiant Gen9 servers
include:
Figure 1-30. HP on-system management tools
HP iLO Federation
UEFI
RESTful Interface Tool
HP Smart Update Manager (HP SUM)
The HP iLO management engine is a complete set of embedded management features supporting the
lifecycle of the server, from initial deployment, through ongoing management, to service alerting.

HP iLO management
The HP iLO management engine (Figure 1-31) ships standard on all ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers
and includes:

Figure 1-31. iLO management engine features


Intelligent Provisioning (previously known as SmartStart)Enables out-of-the box single-server
deployment and configuration without the need for media. Previous generation server provisioning
and maintenance capability is now embedded across all ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers. It
addresses the complexity of server maintenance and offers improved, embedded server
configuration and operating system deployment. It eliminates many of the complex steps it takes to
deploy a bare-metal server, allowing a system to be online much faster than was previously
possible.
HP Agentless ManagementIs key to the value of Gen8 and Gen9 servers, as part of the iLO
management engine. The base hardware monitoring and alerting capability is built into the system
(running on the iLO chipset) and starts working the moment that a power cord and an Ethernet
cable are connected to the server.
HP Active Health SystemIs the 24x7 mission control for ProLiant servers. To help mitigate the
risk of costly unplanned downtime, Active Health System and HP Insight Online automatically
analyze the health of Gen8 and Gen9 servers across 1,600 data points, enabling clients to resolve
unplanned downtime issues much faster than ever.
HP Insight Remote SupportMonitors servers and proactively sends alerts to notify of potential
problems. It works with HP iLO 4, Active Health System, and Agentless Management for simple
configuration of remote support for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers.
Dynamic Power CappingMeasures real-time power usage, correlating power use and server
performance, regulates CPU power usage based on workload, and regulates and caps power
consumption by using a server power microcontroller to measure and control power consumption.
It brings a server experiencing a sudden increase in workload back under its power cap in less
than a half second. This prevents any surge in power demand that could cause a circuit breaker to
trip.
All iLO products support a dedicated network connection and also provide a high-speed shared
network port. The shared network port allows access to all iLO functionality without the expense of
extra ports and cables. This gives customers extra flexibility in fitting remote management within
their network environment.

Management at scale using HP iLO Federation


To d a ys enterprise IT infrastructure As shown in Figure 1-32, traditional methods, such as the
administrators face management use of hosts files or ping sweeps (using direct
problems directly related to scale-out interrogation), require too much time for monitoring and
environments that continue to be managed managing server status in large data center environments.
with existing tools that were not designed Server status information can be inaccurate by the time it
for these environments. These problems is reported. Ping sweep approaches to iLO discovery and
include communicating with thousands of software updates require one to two minutes per server.
servers in order to discover, modify, and In large server farms, these essential management tasks
migrate these systems in a timely manner, can take days. In addition, direct interrogation is used to
using server data that is current and discover additional devices that might not be on the same
relevant. Typical management subnet. These conditions allow many existing solutions to
environments are based on outdated cross network boundaries. This IT infrastructure
hierarchical models and present single discovery solution does not scale well.
points of failure.
Figure 1-32. iLO Federation enables management at scale
Administrators have typically managed Until now, iLO operated in a one-
iLO Federation also
large infrastructures by using scripts and to-one approach, meaning that an
standardizes several
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol administrator could only look at
fields within the
(DHCP). Current approaches also use one iLO at a time. iLO Federation
protocol, so that a
trust systems that employ back doors or is a fully distributed method for
ping sweep approach
impose the burden of a public key performing discovery of multiple
is still possible, and
infrastructure (PKI) to configure secure systems, automatically organizing
adds extra
communication. These approaches are those systems into groups, information to
limited in their ability to scale and establishing trust, and securely
support direct
deployment complexity. iLO Federation communicating between systems.interrogation of
eliminates the need for adjusting scripts It uses the industry-standard responders. These
during server migration and data center multicast approach and provides
core technologies
re-architecture efforts. It also removes multicast methods, allowing other
provide reliability
reliance on tools for external systems to discover iLOs. and interoperability
communication. and include the
following
capabilities:
On-system intelligenceRobust scalability, self-healing, with no single points of failure.
Real-time self-discoveryWith multicast discovery of any bare-metal server, iLOs can be
discovered after the server receives auxiliary power.
Group membershipiLOs can be configured with Federation settings and configured to be a
member of a group. iLOs that are members of the same group will discover each other on the
network and begin reporting data/distributing commands.
SecurityiLO Federation uses shared key encryption to implement trust requirements and ensure
high levels of security.
Important
Any user can view information on iLO Federation pages, but some features require a license.
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/ilo/licensing for more information on iLO licensing.

UEFI overview
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is an industry-standard set of interfaces between the
system firmware and the operating system and between various components of the system firmware
(Figure 1-33).

Figure 1-33. UEFI


UEFI is responsible for
Developed by a T h e ProLiant system BIOS is a UEFI
initializing the hardware of consortium of solution based on latest revisions of UEFI
ProLiant Gen9 servers and then industry leaders specification 2.4. Every ProLiant Gen9
handing full hardware control including HP and server is a UEFI Class 2 solution,
over to the operating
Microsoft, UEFI supporting both Legacy and UEFI boot
system/hypervisor. UEFIis processor modes, allowing users to switch between
standardizes the environment for architecture- either mode. Each member of the ProLiant
booting an operating system and agnostic, Gen9 server family defaults to UEFI. UEFI
pre-boot applications (boot
supporting x86, benefits for the ProLiant Gen9 server family
loaders, diagnostics, setup scripts,
x64, ARM, and include the ability to:
and so forth.) Itanium
processors.
Use drives larger than 2.2 TBHard drives in UEFI use Globally Unique Identifier Partition
Table (GPT), which provides far greater boot drive capacities, allowing the use of high-capacity
drives for storage and system booting. UEFI offers complete access to the system hardware and
resources, allowing UEFI diagnostics and troubleshooting applications to be run before loading an
operating system.
Configure UEFI with standard boot methods for enhanced flexibilityUEFI supports pre-boot
execution environment (PXE) boot for IPv6 networks, allowing a unified network stack to PXE
boot from any network controller while maintaining backward compatibility and continued support
for IPv4 PXE. UEFI allows PXE multicast boot support for image deployment to multiple servers
at the same time. Servers with an embedded user partition (a general-purpose disk partition on
nonvolatile flash memory, which is embedded on the system board) can be configured using iLO.
After the partition is formatted, it can be used for read and write access from the server operating
system.
Enable Secure Boot to improve security measuresUEFI protects against unauthorized operating
systems and malware rootkit attacks, validating that the system only runs authenticated option
ROMs, applications, and operating system boot loaders that have been digitally signed. UEFI uses
a public key to verify UEFI drivers loaded from PCIe cards, drivers loaded from mass storage
devices, pre-boot UEFI shell applications including firmware updates, and operating system UEFI
boot loaders.
Take advantage of UEFI Shell and HP REST API for scalable configuration deployment
UEFI includes the UEFI Shell, a command line interface (CLI) application that allows scripting,
file manipulation, obtaining system information, and running other UEFI applications. UEFI Shell
is based on the UEFI Shell Specification 2.0, but is enhanced with an extended command set for
additional functionality. The UEFI Shell includes a programming API that can be used to create
custom UEFI applications. UEFI supports HP REST API, an industry-recognized architectural
style, for server-standardized interaction to configure at scale using an HTTPS Web protocol.
Perform industry-standard server configurations with fewer rebootsTesting in HP Labs found
that configuring BIOS, iLO, and NICs on a ProLiant DL380 Gen9 server with UEFI BIOS required
two system reboots, compared to a ProLiant DL380 Gen8 server with Legacy BIOS, which
required four system reboots.
Operating systems that support UEFI include:
Windows Server 2008 (x64 only)
Windows Server 2008 R2 (x64 only)
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2012 R2
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6.X and later
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 11.X and later
Ubuntu Linux 10.X and later
VMware ESX 5.0 and later
Solaris 11.1 and later
Oracle Linux 6.5

Standard architecture with HP REST API


The HP Representational State Transfer (REST) API ( Figure 1-34) is an architectural style consisting
of a coordinated set of architectural constraints applied to components, connectors, and data elements
within a distributed hypermedia system.
Figure 1-34. Communication before and after REST API
REST is a web service that uses basic Create, Read, Update, Delete (CRUD), and Patch operations
performed on resources using HTTP Post, Get, Put, Delete, and Patch. The HP REST API for iLO is
designed using the Hypermedia as the Engine of Application State (HATEOAS) REST architecture.
This architecture allows the client to interact with iLO through a simple fixed URLrest/v1. This
has the advantage of the client not needing to know a set of fixed URLs. When creating a script to
automate tasks using the HP REST API for iLO, you only need to hardcode this simple URL and
design the script to discover the REST API URLs that are needed to complete a task.

Note
Visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representational_state_transfer for more information on
REST.

Visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HATEOAS for more information on HATEOAS.

This HP REST API for iLO This API follows the Internet trend The HP REST API for iLO has
will become the main in moving to a common pattern for the additional advantage of
management API for iLO- new software interfaces. Many consistency across all present
based HP servers. In time, its web services in a variety of and projected server
feature set will become larger industries use REST APIs because architectures. The same data
than the existing iLO XML they are easy to implement and model works for traditional
API (RIBCL) and Intelligent easy to consume, and they offer rack-mountable servers and
Platform Management scalability advantages over blades, as well as newer types
Interface (IPMI) interfaces. previous technologies. OneView, of systems such as HP
Using this API, it is possible OpenStack, and many other server Moonshot. The HP REST API
to take full inventory of the management APIs are now REST for iLO provides this advantage
server, control power and APIs. Most HP management because the data model is
reset, configure BIOS and software offerings, as well as the designed to self-describe the
iLO settings, and fetch event entire software-defined data center services capabilities to the
logs, in addition to (SDDC) architecture, are built on client and has room for
performing many other REST APIs. flexibility designed in from the
functions. start.
Note
Vi si t http://www.hp.com/support/restfulinterface/docs for more information on the HP
REST API and the RESTful Interface Tool.

HP Smart Update solution


Maintaining and managing system software and firmware has always been a challenging task. The
increasing variety of servers and other IT infrastructure components provides the flexibility to design
powerful and sophisticated application solutions. With this flexibility arises increasing complexity of
system management. IT sprawl further complicates system management by increasing the sheer
number of IT assets that must be maintained and updated across infrastructure. According to
International Data Corporation (IDC), system maintenance and management costs have risen to over
157 billion dollars (USD) annually, causing IT departments to spend as much as 70% of their budgets
to support ongoing IT operations.
HP has created a new architecture to address the challenges of system In developing the Smart
management and maintenance, namely, the HP Smart Update solution. Update solution, HP
Smart Update is not a single monolithic application. It is a system of addressed the primary
interlocking pieces that work together to make maintenance and issues IT departments
management of ProLiant, BladeSystem, and Integrity servers as simple encounter with system
and as powerful as possible. management, including:
Consistent, integrated, and fully supported update sets (service packs) for system firmware and
software
Simple and powerful system update technology that can update systems while they are online and
does not require management agents installed on target systems
Scalable system maintenance updates that can reach thousands of target systems through integration
with system management platforms such as HP Systems Insight Manager (HP SIM) and others
Smart Update is a re-engineering of the system maintenance process for HP servers and
infrastructure that solves these and other challenges and provides an extensible platform for system
maintenance going forward. The extremely efficient architecture of Smart Update leads to a
powerful, yet lightweight, application with excellent scalability both stand-alone and integrated with
HP SIM and OneView.

Smart Update technology


There are three distinct elements to the Smart Update solution:
Smart componentsEach firmware or driver update is a self-contained executable that takes care
of updating the existing firmware or driver with a newer release and double-checking that it is
indeed executing against the right hardware. The Smart components (for Windows and Linux today,
for VMware ESXi/vSphere 5 in the near future) contain the intelligence to perform the update
while the operating system is running.
Service Pack for ProLiant (SPP) and firmware bundlesThese are collections of Smart
components bonded by XML files and HP SUM. Each downloadable set is heavily tested for
coherency and interdependencies by HP Labs. The results of the interdependency testing is coded
into HP SUM.
HP SUMThe installer guides you through the necessary steps to install a new set of updates. It is
easy to use with its graphical user interface (GUI), command-line interface (CLI), and scripting
capabilities. It is a stand-alone tool you can use to install and update firmware, software, and
drivers on ProLiant servers and install and update firmware on HP Integrity servers, BladeSystem
enclosures, Moonshot systems, and options. It can perform updates immediately or on a schedule
and can reboot immediately after update, drive the operating system to delay the reboot by up to an
hour, or wait for a reboot that is part of a regularly scheduled maintenance protocol.
Smart Update features include:
Stability with a unified solution composed of firmware, drivers, and agents that are tested and
encoded interdependently
Uptime with online updates for Windows and Linux and several VMware ESXi/vSphere 5 updates,
requiring a single reboot to activate
Supportability with detail reporting or one-year full support for every SPP, mixed enclosures, or
baseline customizations

HP Smart Update Manager


HP SUM has an integrated hardware and software discovery engine that finds the installed hardware
and current versions of firmware and software on target servers and identifies associated targets that
should be updated together, to avoid interdependency issues. HP SUM installs updates in the correct
order and ensures that all dependencies are met before deploying an update. It prevents an installation
if there are version-based dependencies that it cannot resolve.
HP SUM is preloaded with all relevant interdependency information from HP SUM 7.1 supports
extensive HP testing before each SPP release. It does not require an agent ProLiant Gen9 servers,
for remote installations, because it copies a replica of itself to each of the
options, and operating
target servers only for the duration of the installation. systems. Features
include:
Firmware update scalability capabilities with iLO Federation technology
A browser-based GUI as well as CLI and interactive CLI user modes
Baseline enhancements
Validation
Assignment of baselines in guided mode
Dynamic filtering and filtering by server model
Ability to download baselines from an HTTP server
Deployment enhancements
Live logs providing detailed information of target update process
Drive firmware for selected HDDs
Low disk space warning (HP-UX)
Deployment of VMware vSphere Installation Bundles (VIBs) and Linux firmware RPM Package
Managers (RPMs)

HP SUM benefits
Benefits of HP SUM include:
Increased ease of server management
Enables easy discovery and update of all supported devices
Provides integrated information on dependencies, including those of the HP Onboard
Administrator and Virtual Connect, based on extensive testing of each SPP
Increased performance and flexibility
Operates without agents or other software installed on the target nodes
Scales with iLO Federation and Federation groups to update multiple servers at the same time
Provides simplified delivery of ProLiant system software
Provides shorter qualification cycles for customers, as a result of extensive interdependency
testing of each SPP and pre-loading all interdependency results into HP SUM
Requires only a single reboot to activate updates, which leads to minimal downtime

On-premise management with HP OneView


HP OneView is a software-defined management platform that addresses the challenges of manual
operation, human error, and limited extensibility in virtualized BladeSystem and rack server
environments. As illustrated in Figure 1-35, OneView features a unique automation hub that consists
of a message bus and a REST API. This means all of the information that OneView collects, all of the
changes that OneView knows about, and all of the templates and control functions that OneView
delivers can be accessed programmatically. The automation hub supports two types of converged
management:

Figure 1-35. Features and functions of OneView


Infrastructure lifecycle managementSupport for HP ConvergedSystem, HP 3PAR storage,
ProLiant DL servers, and BladeSystem products
Partner integrationsOut-of-the-box plug-ins for VMware, Microsoft, Red Hat, and OpenStack
management products
The software-defined capabilities provide support for policy-driven OneView streamlines
infrastructure templates that drive automated activities. The templates the delivery of IT
capture best practices and allow for rapid, repeatable, and reliable services to help support
automated operations that reduce operational costs. This means that IT the business more
organizations can easily incorporate OneView functions into workflows efficiently and speed the
that extend beyond infrastructure management. transition to hybrid
cloud.

OneView
By capturing processes, configurations, and best practices in software, OneView creates a modern
collaborative management approach that automates the deployment and management of infrastructure
repeatedly, reliably, and at scale. With OneView, basic tasks take seconds and stay simple at any
scale, radically accelerating all data center processes.
The software-based approach to lifecycle OneView offers a single, integrated OneView
management in OneView automates operations to platform that provides one view of provides:
reduce the cost and time to deliver IT services. The the server, network, and storage
REST API allows you to create customized environment for a simple,
workflows and scripts, as well as configuration integrated user experience (Figure
profiles for push-button builds that instantly deliver 1-36). It is available as a virtual
resources without mistakes or variation. and physical appliance.

Figure 1-36. OneView GUI


Powerful software-defined process templates for automating infrastructure configuration and
provisioning, as well as for robust infrastructure health and monitoring
A single, integrated management environment for a converged infrastructure that enables IT teams to
work and collaborate in a more natural and automated way
An intuitive interface and powerful search capabilities
Open architecture and a software development kit (SDK) for integration with enterprise management
tools and applications

OneView: Software-defined enterprise foundation


An SDDC is a concept in which the infrastructure of an organizations data center extends the use of
virtualization technology by abstracting, pooling, and automating all of its data center resources.
Implementing an SDDC in effect amounts to delivering an IT as a Service (ITaaS) solution. In an
SDDC, the various elements of the infrastructure, which include network, storage, computing, and
security resources, are virtualized and delivered as services, as shown in Figure 1-37.

Figure 1-37. Infrastructure elements are virtualized and delivered as services in an SDDC
Although ITaaS might An SDDC can take the form of a variety of potential The core
represent an outcome of an implementation scenarios being offered by vendors. architectural
SDDC, an SDDC solution is Some critics see the SDDC as an evolving marketing components
intended to benefit data tool, whereas proponents expect that software will that
center architects and IT staff define data centers of the future and so they accept that comprise a
more than the users or the SDDC is a work in progress. The SDDC given
consumers of the resources. encompasses a variety of concepts and data center vendors
Software abstraction in the infrastructure components, where each component can SDDC
data center infrastructure is be provisioned, operated, and managed through a solution
not visible to the consumers. programmatic user interface. might
include the
following:
Virtualization of compute Is a software implementation of a computers processor, memory,
and I/O resources. This is commonly referred to as hypervisor software.
Software-defined networking (SDN) or network virtualizationCould involve provisioning
VLANs on a switch, Ethernet ports operating as a single or aggregated link, ports supporting
access or VLAN trunking, security settings, and so forth.
Software-defined storage or storage virtualizationCould involve provisioning storage LUNs
on a storage array and HBA zoning on a SAN switch.
Management and automation softwareEnables an administrator to provision, control, and
manage all SDDC components.
An SDDC is not the same Some of the commonly cited In addition, an SDDC
thing as a private cloud, benefits of an SDDC include implementation could further
because a private cloud only improved efficiencies by reduce a companys energy usage
has to offer a virtual machine extending virtualization across by enabling servers and other data
self-service solution. Within all resources, increased agility center hardware to run at
the private cloud, the IT to provision resources for decreased power levels or be
administrators could use business applications more turned on and off as needed. The
traditional provisioning and quickly, improved control over SDDC is also likely to further
management interfaces. application availability and reduce the costs for data center
Instead, the SDDC envisions security through policy-based hardware and challenge
a data center that could definitions, and the flexibility to traditional hardware vendors to
potentially support private, run new and existing develop new ways to differentiate
public, and hybrid cloud applications in multiple their products through software
offerings. platforms and clouds. and services.

On-cloud management with HP Insight Online


HP Insight Online provides one-stop, Through the Support Center, Insight Online can
secure access to the information automatically display devices remotely monitored by HP. It
needed to support the devices in IT provides the ability to easily track service events and
environments with standard warranty support cases, view device configurations and proactively
and contract services. It is a new monitor HP contracts and warranties. This allows IT
addition to the HP Support Center support staff and HP authorized services partners to be
portal for IT staff who deploy, more efficient in supporting HP environments. In addition,
manage, and support systems, in they can do all this from anywhere and at any time (Figure
addition to HP authorized resellers 1-38). It is ideal for channel partners providing proactive
who support IT Infrastructure. remote support.
Figure 1-38. HP Insight Online can be accessed from any device
The embedded management capabilities built in to ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers Insight
have been designed to seamlessly integrate with Insight Online and Insight Remote Online
Support 7.0 and later. features
include:
Remote management to monitor, manage, and support IT infrastructure from outside the firewall
Personalized dashboard for health monitoring, service alerts, and support status
Proactive contracts and warranty management
Auto-device discovery links device and support information for one-stop access
Seamless integration into Support Center and Insight Remote Support 7.0

Security for ProLiant Gen9 servers


Secure Boot on ProLiant Gen9 servers
As operating systems become more secure, malware writers are moving their attention to weaker
elements in the chain, namely, the legacy pre-boot BIOS environment. In 2011, researchers
discovered one of the first pieces of malware ever used that modifies the software on the system
board of infected computers to ensure that the infection cannot be easily eradicated.

Note
See http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/09/14/bios_rootkit_discovered/ for details.

Secure Boot Secure Boot minimizes Without UEFI Secure Secure Boot It ensures that
based on the legacy threat and Boot, malware developers is each component
UEFI is a provides software can take advantage of completely launched during
feature identity checking at every several potential implemented the boot
supported in step of the boot process, vulnerabilities in the pre- in the BIOS process is
ProLiant including platform boot environment, and does not digitally signed
Gen9 firmware, option cards, including the system- require and that the
servers in and operating system embedded firmware itself, special signature is
which the boot loader. After the as well as the time hardware validated
system operating system boot between the initialization such as the against a set of
firmware, loader has run (securely), of the firmware and the HP Trusted trusted
option card the responsibility for booting of the operating Platform certificates
firmware, security is passed on to system. Malware Module embedded in
operating the operating system introduced at this point can (TPM), the UEFI BIOS.
systems, and itselfit is not within the provide an environment in although it Secure Boot
software scope of UEFI to cover which an operating system can work validates the
collaborate operating system no matter how secure with TPM if software
to greatly security. cannot run safely. required. identity of the
enhance following
platform components in
security. the boot
process:
UEFI drivers loaded from PCIe cards
UEFI drivers loaded from mass storage devices
Pre-boot UEFI shell applications
Operating system UEFI boot loaders
After they are enabled, only firmware components and operating systems with boot loaders that have
an appropriate digital signature can execute during the boot process. Only operating systems that
support Secure Boot and have a UEFI boot loader signed with one of the authorized keys can boot
when Secure Boot is enabled.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/ProLiantUEFI/docs for more information on HP UEFI System
Utilities and Secure Boot.

A physically present user can customize the certificates embedded in the The HP REST API
UEFI BIOS by adding or removing their own certificates. This can also provides a secure
be performed by remotely connecting to the server using the iLO 4 programmatic method to
Remote Console. configure Secure Boot.

Note
Vi si t http://www.hp.com/support/restfulinterface/docs for more information on the HP
REST API and the RESTful Interface Tool.

All ProLiant Gen8 and later servers are fully compliant with NIST 800-147B BIOS Protection
Guidelines for Servers.

Secure Boot verification


The creator of the driver or program is required to create a signature and certificate and embed it
into the program image to produce a digitally signed program. As shown in Figure 1-39, when these
programs are loaded into the system during the boot process, the system firmware checks the signed
images and compares them to the certificates stored in the local databases (these are loaded into the
system during the manufacturing process).

Figure 1-39. Secure Boot signing and verification


If the certificate is found and not revoked, the image is executed. If the certificate is not found or has
been revoked, the image will not execute and the boot process comes to a halt.

HP Secure Encryption
Many companies are bound by government regulations that require that sensitive data be secured and
not be compromised. HP Secure Encryption provides encryption for data, an important component for
complying with government regulations such as Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
(HIPAA) and Sarbanes-Oxley, which both have data privacy requirements.
As shown in Figure 1-40, HP Secure Encryption is a Smart Array controller-based data encryption
solution that protects sensitive, mission-critical data for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers. It is an
enterprise-class solution for data at rest on any bulk storage attached (with the exception of tape or
external arrays such as P2000 and P2040) to the supported Smart Array Px3x and Px4x family of
controllers. The H24x family of Smart HBAs also supports Secure Encryption when running in
RAID mode only. The solution is available for both local and remote key management
methodologies.

Figure 1-40. HP Secure Encryption is Smart Array controller-based


Local key Unlike the remote key Remote key management deployment includes high
management is option, local key availability clustering and failover, a secure key
where the key is management lacks regulatory database, key generation and retrieval services,
resident on the compliance with industry- identity and access management for administrators
controller so not standard security and for data encryption devices, secure backup
entirely secure, requirements such as and recovery, a local certificate authority, and
but is easy to Federal Information strong audit logging for compliance validation.
manage if server Processing Standards (FIPS) The remote key management mode requires iLO
theft is not a that enables trusted key Advanced or Scale Out editions v 1.40 or later
concern, for sharing between multiple and HP Enterprise Secure Key Manager (ESKM)
example, with sites and data centers in a 3.1 or any later release.
servers in a data comprehensive, scalable
center. solution.

Power and cooling for ProLiant Gen9 servers


Challenges for power and cooling in data centers
Customers who are building new data center facilities or upgrading existing facilities must be aware
of the constantly changing power and cooling requirements of computer hardware. To keep pace with
the growing demands for power and cooling, base data center infrastructure designs on the most
current practices. Power distribution practices that support older equipment do not deliver the power
density necessary for the newest enterprise IT equipment.
Data centers designed three or four years ago and Additionally, cooling A growing trend
commissioned in the last two years were designed for patterns that support for building new IT
50 to 75W/sq ft (500 to 750W/sq m), but loads are older equipment styles infrastructures
reaching 150 to 200W/sq ft (1500 to 2000W/sq m). are not compatible with involves ultrathin
Design criteria based on average wattage per square the most current server blades that
foot (or square meter) and British Thermal Units per enterprise IT can be stacked in a
hour (BTU/hr) assumed that power and cooling equipment. Although chassis,
requirements were equal across the entire data center. the actual power and interconnected, and
Data centers are populated by racks of scalable heat densities that easily managed.
computing systems that require enormous amounts of customers should plan BladeSystems
electricity and produce tremendous amounts of heat. for depend on the lower the operating
Average (per unit area) design criteria do not equipment specification cost per processor
encompass the specific power and cooling and IT strategy and by reducing
requirements of high-density solutions. Consequently, hardware adoption management
data centers can no longer be designed by using rates, HP best practices expenses and the
average wattage and BTU criteria. maximize effectiveness requirements for
in high-density data floor space, power,
centers. and cooling.

Thermal management
For HP servers, managing thermal output is an internal and an external process. Internally, HP server
fans draw cool air over the heated components. HP engineers carefully consider airflow when they
determine where to place components within a server. Many designs include baffles and heat sinks to
help keep components cool.
Thermal management in the data center is expressed in tons of cooling. Many heating, ventilating,
and air-conditioning (HVAC) units meet cooling tonnage requirements, but it is essential to get cool
air where it is needed in the data center.

Important
Whether designing a new data center or retrofitting an existing one, you should work with
knowledgeable HVAC engineers to ensure adequate cooling.

Increasing availability through power protection


Businesses cannot rely on utility power as a source of continuous power for critical equipment. HP
has developed a full line of power management products that protect and manage computer service
systems ranging from individual workstations to distributed enterprises:
Automated energy optimization with HP Intelligent Power Discovery
HP Common Slot (CS) Platinum Plus Power Supplies
HP iPDUs
HP UPSs
HP Intelligent Power Discovery Services
Intelligent Power Discovery Services combine an Intelligent Power Discovery provides
iPDU and HP CS Platinum/Platinum Plus power automated server discovery on a network
supply with HP Insight Control software to create an through power line communication technology
automated, energy-aware network between IT that is embedded in CS Platinum Power
systems and facilities. Intelligent Power Discovery Supplies. Power line communication is a
Services with iPDUs automatically track power feature that allows the power supply to
usage and document configurations to increase communicate with the iPDU. The
system uptime and reduce the risk of outages. communication between the power supply and
the iPDU helps to:
Automatically discover the server when it is plugged into a power source
Map the server to the individual outlet on the iPDU
HP Thermal Discovery Services help to The automated energy optimization capabilities in the
reduce energy usage and increase compute ProLiant Gen9 family are enabled by HP 3D Sea of
capacity. This feature helps businesses Sensor technologies. Embedded intelligence across a
both reduce energy consumption and sense of location, power utilization, and thermal
squeeze the most IT out of every bit of data demand provides a high level of visibility and control
center power and cooling capacity. over the energy efficiency of the data center.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/ipd for more information on HP Intelligent Power Discovery.

HP iPDUs
The key element of HP Power Discovery Services is the iPDU (Figure 1-41), which is a power
distribution unit with full remote outlet control, outlet-by-outlet power tracking, and automated
documentation of power configuration. HP iPDUs track outlet power usage at 99% accuracy, showing
system-by-system power usage and available power. The iPDU records server ID information by
outlet and forwards this information to HP Insight Control, saving hours of manual spreadsheet data-
entry time and eliminating human wiring and documentation errors.

Figure 1-41. An HP iPDU


When combined with the HP line HP iPDUs Using the popular core-and-stick Functions
of Platinum-level high-efficiency provide power architecture of the HP modular of iPDUs
power supplies, the iPDU actually to multiple PDU line, the iPDU monitors include:
communicates with the attached objects from a power consumption at the core,
servers to collect asset single source. In load segment, stick, and outlet
information for the automatic a rack, the iPDU level, with unmatched precision
mapping of the power topology distributes and accuracy. Remote management
inside a rack. This capability power to the is built in. This iPDU offers power
greatly reduces the risk of human servers, storage cycle ability of individual outlets
errors that can cause power units, and other on the Intelligent Extension Bars.
outages. peripherals.
Helping to track and control power that other PDUs cannot monitor, with 99% accuracy greater than
1W
Gathering information from all monitoring points at half-second intervals to ensure the highest
precision
Measuring current draw less than 100mw; iPDUs can detect a new server even before it is powered
on
Discovering and mapping servers to specific outlets, ensuring correlation between equipment and
power data collected, as a function of Intelligent Power Discovery

HP power distribution units


HP Monitored and Modular PDUs (Figure 1-42) provide power to multiple objects from a single
source. In a rack, the PDU distributes power to the servers, storage units, and other peripherals. PDU
systems:

Figure 1-42. HP PDU


Address issues of power distribution to components within the computer cabinet
Reduce the number of power cables coming into the cabinet
Provide a level of power protection through a series of circuit breakers

Note
V i s i t http://h18004.www1.hp.com/products/servers/proliantstorage/power-
protection/pdu.html for more information on the HP PDU portfolio.

HP Monitored PDUs
HP Monitored vertical rack-mountable PDUs provide both single- and three-phase monitored power,
as well as full-rack power utility ranging from 4.9 kVA to 22 kVA. Available monitored PDUs
include:
Full-rack models, with 39 or 78 receptacles, and half-rack versions
Three-phase models with 12 C-19 receptacles
Single-phase models with 24 C-13 and 3 C-19 receptacles

HP Modular PDUs
HP Modular PDUs have a unique modular architecture designed specifically for data center
customers who want to maximize power distribution and space efficiencies in the rack.
HP Modular PDUs consist of two building blocks: the core unit and Available models Benefits
extension bars. The core unit can be mounted in either 1U or 0U range from 16A of HP
locations and houses the output receptacles and circuit breakers for to 48A current Modular
each load segment. Extension bars plug into the core unit, extending the ratings, with PDUs
outlet receptacles along the length of the rack. Extension bars reduce output include:
long power cords and confusing clutter and fit easily into the frame of connections
the rack. ranging from 4 to
28 outlets.
Increased number of outlet receptacles
Modular design
Superior cable management
Flexible 1U/0U rack-mounting options
Easy accessibility to outlets
Limited three-year warranty

Benefits of HP rack-mountable PDUs


The unique core and stick design of HP Modular PDUs allows for flexibility in mounting locations to
ease cable management. HP Monitored PDUs also provide cost-effective current monitoring across
multiple load segments to prevent overloads, whereas HP Intelligent PDUs provide high-precision
monitoring and control of individual outlets.
As shown in Figure 1-43, key benefits of HP rack-mountable PDUs include:
Figure 1-43. Benefits of rack-mountable PDUs
Basic rack-mountable power distribution with load segment circuit breakers
A wide range of models from 2.8 kVA to 22 kVA are available for a variety of configuration needs
Available 0U/1U mounting options provide flexibility in mounting
Single-phase units can provide up to 28 outlets per core unit, allowing for increased density
Three-phase units can extend the capacity to 42 outlets using the optional extension bars
Improved cable management enables easy accessibility
Single- and three-phase core-only models have C-19 outlets, making them ideal for BladeSystem
enclosures and larger ProLiant servers with C-19 to C-20 power cords

ProLiant Gen9 platform power architecture


The ProLiant Gen9 power supply (Figure 1-44) is 25% smaller by volume than the G6/G7/Gen8
supplies. This large reduction in volume and 25% improvement in power density (from 40 W/inch to
50 W/inch) provide more server power in a smaller space, enabling the HP server design teams to
add more internal devices:
Figure 1-44. Gen9 power supply is 25% smaller by volume
1U platforms can add one PCI slot, going from two to three or one SSD
2U platforms can add four SSDs (also potentially one more PCI slot)
T h e s e high-efficiency Flexible Flexible Slot Power Supplies are certified for high- Operating
Slot Power Supplies can provide efficiency operation and offer multiple power output input
up to 94% (Platinum) and 96% options, allowing users to right-size a power voltage
(Titanium) efficiency and support supply for specific server configurations. This options
the HP portfolio of AC, DC, and flexibility helps to reduce power waste, lower are:
high voltage (HVAC/HVDC) overall energy costs, and avoid trapped power
power supply options. capacity in the data center.
AC (90Vac264Vac)
240Vdc (180Vdc320Vdc) (China only)
HVDC (240Vdc400Vdc)
48Vdc (36Vdc72Vdc)

Choosing the right power supplyHP Power Advisor


HP Power Advisor (Figure 1-45) is an easy-to-use tool that estimates data center power requirements
for server and storage configurations.
Figure 1-45. HP Power Advisor
Key features include:
A downloadable Windows application
Accurate estimates for power consumption of HP server and storage products
Select the appropriate power supplies and other system components
Configure and plan power usage at a system, rack, and multi-rack level
Access useful tools including a cost-of-ownership calculator, power report, and bill of materials

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/hppoweradvisor for more information on HP Power Advisor.

Intelligent Series Racks Location Discovery Services


The HP Intelligent Series Racks introduces a range of industry firstsstarting with industry-leading
intelligence in the rack. With HP Location Discovery Services, ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers can
self-identify and inventory to optimize workload placement. When used with HP iPDUs, HP Power
Discovery Services help eliminate power configuration errors and precisely track power usage by
rack and by server-by-server, helping eliminate manual record keeping.
HP Location HP 11000G2 and Intelligent After the server knows exactly where it
Discovery Services Series Racks equipped with the is located, this information can be
is a solution that Location Discovery option forwarded to other systems such as
merges the physical provide detailed location OneView to update new rack
rack with IT information to ProLiant Gen8 and configurations automatically. This saves
equipment to provide Gen9 servers to track new time in configuring hardware and
automated location installations and equipment software to manage the data center and
awareness of moves. Upon installation, the eliminates constant manual updates and
installed servers for servers iLO queries and records the associated human errors that can
advanced asset the rack identifier as well as the slow issue resolution and even cause
management and exact location of the server in the downtime and loss of business.
workload placement. rack.

HP uninterruptible power supplies


Because HP UPSs are generation-agnostic, they are supported on ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers.
HP UPSs provide high-efficiency power protection for all environments, from workstation to data
center.
As shown in Figure 1-46, features and benefits include:

Figure 1-46. Features and benefits of HP UPSs


Highest wattage per U space saves valuable room in the rack
True sine wave output protects valuable equipment
More than 97% efficiency prevents wasted power
Enhanced Battery Management (EBM)Up to two times the usable battery life
Hot swappable batteries save time
Three-year warranty standard, even on the batteries
Pre-failure battery notification prevents outages
Elevated temperature support
The ASHRAE guidelines for data center operation suggest thermal ranges of operation for IT
equipment that are commonly accepted by many data center administrators and facility managers.
ProLiant Gen9 products support A3 and A4 guidelines, which means that ProLiant Gen9 servers can
operate at higher temperatures than previous generations, resulting in more choices for air-cooled
solutions and the potential to reduce cooling costs.
The allowable ranges for A variety of implementations for free cooling are possible. For
classes A3 and A4 are example, filtered outside air can be drawn directly into the data
intended to remove obstacles center (Figure 1-47). Other techniques keep the outside air isolated
to data center cooling from the data center but still transfer the data center heat directly to
strategies such as free-cooling the outside air without refrigerating it. Careful application of the
methods. Free cooling takes new ASHRAE guidelines might enable free cooling in more
advantage of a facilitys local climates or allow for the data center to be cooled without
climate by using outside air to refrigeration more days of the year. Reducing the use of refrigerated
cool IT equipment directly cooling lowers the operating expenses (OpEx) for the data center,
without the use of mechanical and in some cases, the refrigeration equipment can be eliminated or
refrigeration (chillers or air- significantly reduced in size, saving capital investment expense
conditioners) whenever (CapEx) as well.
possible.

Figure 1-47. Data center airflow


The traditional maximum server inlet air temperature has been 35C. For ProLiant Gen9 servers,
40C (ASHRAE A3) support is available on most platforms with configuration limitations. For
ProLiant Gen9, 45C (ASHRAE A4) support is available in select platforms with configuration
limitations.

Note
Check the server QuickSpecs for ASHRAE support information for selected servers.
HP Modular Cooling System G2
The HP Modular Cooling System (MCS) G2 (Figure 1-48) is designed for data centers that have
reached the limit of their cooling capability or that need to reduce the effect of high-density racks on
their facility. The MCS G2 allows the use of fully populated high-density racks while eliminating the
need to add more facility air-conditioning capacity. With three times the kilowatt capacity of a
standard rack, the MCS G2 considerably extends the life of the data center.

Figure 1-48. HP MCS G2 front and back


The standard MCS G2 enclosure consists of a cooling unit and an empty, The MCS G2 can operate
modified HP 10000 Series G2 rack. The cooling unit includes three fan from a single AC power
controllers that control six high-volume, hot-swappable fans. The heat source. It also provides
exchanger is an air-to-water heat transfer device that discharges cold air for power redundancy
to the front of the rack using a side portal. Chilled water for the heat through a transfer switch
exchanger is received by the water group from the facilitys chilled module that accepts AC
water system or by a dedicated chilled water unit. It supports cooling power from two sources
two HP 42U racks at a time at 17.5kW per side or 35kW in a single for facilities that offer AC
rack. redundancy.
HP position and market share
Partnerships, experience, and expertise
In July 2014, HP continued to be the only vendor to integrate server, infrastructure networking, and
storage management together in the VMware vSphere 5.1 web user interface (UI). No other vendor
has solutions for server, infrastructure networking, and storage together in VMware in general, so HP
is expected to retain this distinction for the foreseeable future.
HP was also the first vendor to integrate server management in VMware vCenter (in HP
late 2009). From there, HP grew to be the only vendor to integrate server, partnerships,
infrastructure networking, and storage management together in VMware vCenter experience,
(since mid-2010). HP will continue to be the only vendor to integrate server, and expertise
infrastructure networking, and storage management together in VMware vSphere 5.1. are listed in
Figure 1-49.

Figure 1-49. HP partnerships, experience, and expertise

Why HP wins in the new compute era


Building on 25 years of server industry leadership, HP is reimagining the server and thinking instead
about compute resourcesthe vast pool of processing resources that are converged, software-
defined, cloud-ready, and workload-optimized for business growth. To do that, HP addressed the
barriers that prevent IT from helping improve business outcomes.
Figure 1-50 outlines some of the unique capabilities and results that HP has achieved.
Figure 1-50. HP unique capabilities and results

More customers choose HP x86 servers


More customers choose HP x86 servers than any other vendor. Based on revenue and server
shipments, HP was the worldwide server market leader in the second quarter of 2014 (Figure 1-51),
where it posted nearly $3.2 billion in server revenue to account for 25.1% of worldwide server
revenue. In server shipments, HP remained the worldwide leader in the second quarter of 2014.

HP market share

Figure 1-51. HP #1 positions in the x86 market


In August 2014 IDC released a quarterly update to their Worldwide Quarterly Server Tracker, citing
market share figures for the second calendar quarter of 2014 (2Q14).
Fact 1HP is the number one vendor in worldwide server revenue.
HP is the undisputed number one vendor in worldwide revenue for the second consecutive
quarter, growing revenue. Number two IBM lost 3.7 points of revenue share year over year.
Fact 2For more than 12 consecutive years, 49 straight quarters, HP is the number one vendor in
worldwide server shipments.
HP shipped more than four servers each minute in the second calendar quarter 2014. Overall in
this quarter, HP shipped more than 80,000 more servers than Dell, 2.9 times as many servers as
IBM, and 7.0 times as many as Cisco.
Fact 3HP leads the total server blade market with a 42.2% revenue share. HP has led the server
blade market for 31 consecutive quarters, nearly eight years.
HP is number one in blade unit share, 42.4%, and in the quarter, HP shipped 2.1 times as many
blades as Cisco, 3.4 times as many as IBM, and 3.4 times as many as Dell.
Fact 4HP is number one in density-optimized revenue share (tied), growing revenue at 190.2%
year over year.
HP gained 18.3 points of revenue share at the same time that Dell lost 26.1 points of revenue
share, year over year.
Fact 5HP leads in combined density-optimized and server blades with double the revenue market
share of its closest competitor, Cisco.
HP leads with 38.2% revenue market share in this segment, identified by IDC as a significant and
growing market, driven by demand in public cloud hyperscale environments, as well as in
private cloud and integrated systems.
Fact 6ProLiant is the x86 server market share leader in both revenue and units for 73 consecutive
quarters, more than 18 years.

Important
All of these market share figures are for the second quarter of CY2014 (2Q14)unless
otherwise notedand represent worldwide results as reported by the IDC Worldwide
Quarterly Server Tracker for 2Q14, August 2014.

HP is the strategic partner that delivers


Today, HP is one of the worlds largest providers of information technology infrastructure, software,
services, and solutions to individuals and organizations of all sizes (Figure 1-52).
Figure 1-52. HP delivers a lifecycle of services and a partner ecosystem
HP is unmatched in the breadth of portfolio and scale, delivering innovation in printing, personal
computing, software, services, and IT infrastructure. HP is a $120 billion company with five major
business lines and more than 300,000 people working in 170 countries.

Select HP as your strategic partner


As shown in Figure 1-53, HP is a strategic partner that can be relied on to deliver:

Figure 1-53. Reasons to select HP as a strategic partner


The right portfolio with complete solutions that delivers measureable business value
Innovation with leadership technology vision that assures ongoing success
Expertise with both scale and depth, to deliver quality and full lifecycle of services anywhere,
anytime

ProLiant Gen9 portfolio and innovations


With the ProLiant Gen9 (Figure 1-54) solution stackwhich includes common modular architecture,
form factors, management software, services, storage, and networkingHP is poised to help
customers shift from a server-centered past to a workload-optimized future.

Figure 1-54. ProLiant. Gen9 portfolio and innovations


HP server, storage, and network architectures are ready for the workloads of tomorrow and for
todays trends of convergence, hybrid cloud computing, and software-defined technology.
Customers choose ProLiant servers for a variety of reasons:
ProLiant servers provide customers the right compute resources, for the right workload, at the right
economics.
HP has the broadest server portfolio in the market. Each ProLiant serverfrom the entry-level
server to the most scalable servers in the portfoliois engineered to provide meaningful, cutting-
edge benefits to customers.
HP customers have a peace of mind about their IT infrastructure. They choose HP because they want
depth of product and solutions and global support, from a company that continues to invest in R&D
for technologies that matter to customers.

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. Which three innovations ship standard in ProLiant Gen9 servers? (Select three.)
a. HP uninterruptable power supplies (UPSs)
b. Remote direct memory access (RDMA) over Converged Ethernet (RoCE)
c. Tunnel offload
d. HP rack-mountable power distribution units (PDUs)
e. FlexibleLOM adapters
f. SmartCache with SSD

2. A customer has expressed a need for increased system memory capacity coupled with increased
memory speed. Which technology should you recommend?
a. RoCE
b. RDIMM
c. LRDIMM
d. ASHRAE A4

3. A customers application is read- and write-intensive and the customer wants to increase
performance without having to replace all of their HDDs with SSDs. Which technology should you
recommend?
a. RoCE
b. RDIMM
c. LRDIMM
d. SmartCache

4. A customer is using Microsoft Hyper-V Live Migration and needs to enhance network data transfer
efficiency and reduce latency. Which technology should you recommend?
a. RoCE
b. RDIMM
c. LRDIMM
d. SmartCache

5. A customers air-conditioning is struggling to keep temperatures in the data center below 35C.
Which technology should you recommend?
a. RoCE
b. RDIMM
c. ASHRAE A4
d. LRDIMM

Answers
1. B , C, and F are correct. These innovations ship standard with ProLiant Gen9 servers.
A, D, and E are incorrect. UPSs, PDUs, and FlexibleLOM adapters are options and do not ship standard with all ProLiant
servers.
2. C is correct. LRDIMMs provide increased system memory capacity coupled with increased memory speed.
A, B , and D are incorrect. A is incorrect because RoCE is a network protocol that allows RDMA over an Ethernet network.
B is incorrect because RDIMMs do not have as much capacity as LRDIMMs and offer limited performance compared to an
LRDIMM. D is incorrect because ASHRAE A4 provides thermal guidelines under which IT equipment is designed to
operate.
3. D is correct. HP SmartCache would enable this customer to increase performance without having to replace all of their
HDDs with SSDs.
A, B , and C are incorrect. These technologies would not enable this customer to increase performance without having to
replace all of their HDDs with SSDs.
4. A is correct. For a customer using Microsoft Hyper-V Live Migration, RoCE would help them to enhance network data
transfer efficiency and reduce latency.
B , C, and D are incorrect. None of these technologies would enable this customer to enhance network data transfer
efficiency and reduce latency.
5. C is correct. ASHRAE A4 would allow this customer to keep temperatures in the data center below 35C.
A, B , and D are incorrect. None of these technologies would enable this customer to keep temperatures in the data center
below 35C.
2 HP Rack and Tower Server Solutions

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn to:
Describe HP ProLiant rack and tower server families (DL and ML) and the workloads they target
Name the HP options with innovations for ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower servers
Specify appropriate internal storage solutions for ProLiant DL and ML servers individually and in
dense rack packages
Use HP QuickSpecs

INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides an overview of the HP rack and tower server portfolio. It begins with the rack-
mounted DL line, which are performance-optimized servers ideal for multi-server deployments. The
ML line offers rack and tower options and a simplified management suite. These servers are designed
for remote and branch offices, as well as data centers. This chapter also describes where to find more
information about specific server models by providing a link to HP QuickSpecs.

HP ProLiant rack and tower Gen9 servers


ProLiant Gen9 rack advantages
As illustrated in Figure 2-1, ProLiant rack servers offer the following advantages:

Figure 2-1. Advantages of ProLiant Gen9 rack servers


Flexible choices to redefining compute economicsRight-sized computing with flexible choices
across multiple workloads delivers better operational efficiencies and lower total cost of
ownership (TCO). ProLiant rack servers offer three times the compute per watt, based on an HP
internal comparison between ProLiant DL380 Gen9 and DL380p Gen8 servers with Intel Sandy
Bridge processors.

Note
The source for system wattage was IDC-Qualified Performance Indicator. Visit
http://qpicertificate.idc.com/ for more information on the IDC-Qualified Performance
Indicator.
Performance was taken from SPECint_rate_base2006 industry benchmark. Calculation:
Performance/Watt. August 2014.

Reliable infrastructure to accelerate service deliveryDependable, fast, and secure


infrastructure and efficient service delivery models combined with simple automation improves
productivity and streamlines operations. According to an IDC whitepaper sponsored by HP,
ProLiant rack servers offer 66x faster service delivery for competitive advantage.

Note
Visit www.hp.com/go/oneviewROI to download the whitepaper Achieving Organizational
Transformation with HP Converged Infrastructure Solutions for SDDC (January 2014, IDC
#246385).

Optimized compute to boost business performanceOptimized computing, storage, and


networking capabilities deliver 4x faster workload performance to transform business results.

Industrys leading multi-workload servers


As shown in Figure 2-2, the ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower portfolio delivers versatile, reliable,
secure, and performance-optimized server solutions for a range of workloads and budgets. The
ProLiant Gen9 portfolio features versatile and flexible designs along with improved energy
efficiencies help to reduce TCO.
Figure 2-2. Benefits of ProLiant ML and DL servers
With the broadest The ProLiant tower portfolio includes Integrated with a simplified
server portfolio in the expandable tower servers that are an ideal yet comprehensive
industry, HP offers choice for remote and branch offices and management suite and
ProLiant Gen9 servers growing businesses. The ProLiant tower industry-leading support,
that build on the portfolio delivers more business value, helps the ProLiant Gen9 rack and
innovations from Gen8 increase IT staff productivity, and expedites tower portfolio enables
and focus on the needs service delivery. In addition, the tower customers to accelerate
of all customer ecosystem offers a complete right-sized business results with faster
segments, including portfolio of financing options, service compute, memory, and I/O
small and medium offerings, and a channel network to performance, coupled with
business (SMB), significantly increase the speed of IT increased storage and
enterprise, and high- operations, as well as enable IT to respond to networking performance
performance business needs more quickly and efficiently. including lower latency.
computing (HPC).

ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower series positioning


The rack portfolio meets the needs of customers who are either new to servers or who are positioned
to grow and expand their business. Figure 2-3 positions these servers according to their market
segments.

Figure 2-3. ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower series positioning


For businesses that are new to servers, HP recommends the ProLiant 10 series rack and tower
servers, which are an easy-to-implement, affordable solution for the relatively low workloads of
an SMB environment. They are designed for SMBs that need servers for first-time workload
deployment. The ProLiant 10 series is ideally suited to performing back office tasks, running core
infrastructure applications such as Microsoft Office programs, and performing messaging, printing,
and web services.
For growing businesses or new IT growth customers, HP recommends the ProLiant 100 series rack
and tower servers, which are optimized with the right balance of storage, performance, efficiency,
and manageability to address multiple workloads for growing SMB and enterprise businesses. For
SMBs and enterprise businesses with higher workloads, the ProLiant 100 series offers
virtualization solutions for environments where low density is sufficient and for Hadoop-style
applications that require multiple low-cost servers.
The ProLiant Gen9 server portfolio also meets the needs of businesses that are more mature in their
lifecycle and that require greater levels of performance to address their compute-intensive or scale-
up workloads.
For SMB, enterprise, and HPC customers that use traditional IT and require a mission-critical
environment, HP recommends the 300 series of rack and tower servers. The ProLiant 300 series
meets the needs of businesses with compute-intensive workloads and applications that require
medium- to high-density virtualization or run large databases.
For customers requiring the most demanding scale-up workloads, HP offers the 500 series, which
delivers unparalleled scalability and availability. For enterprises and HPC environments with
large databases or monolithic applications, the ProLiant 500 series offers high performance.

ProLiant rack servers: 100 series


Figure 2-4 shows the transition path for customers that are using older rack-mounted servers but are
ready to take advantage of Gen9 technologies.

Figure 2-4. ProLiant DL100 Gen9 series transition path


ProLiant DL320e Gen8 and Gen8 v2 servers Customers currently using ProLiant DL160 Gen8 or
currently do not have Gen9 equivalents, and ProLiant DL360e Gen8 servers should consider the
customers using these servers should assess ProLiant DL160 Gen9 server. Customers currently
their workloads and choose one of the using ProLiant DL380e Gen8 servers should
available Gen9 server models to meet their consider the ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server.
needs.

HP ProLiant DL160 Gen9 Server


As shown in Figure 2-5, the HP ProLiant DL160 Gen9 Server, powered by Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3
processors, delivers the right balance of performance, storage, reliability, manageability, and
efficiency in a dense and compact chassis. It meets the needs of a variety of customers, including
SMBs and service providers with different workloads, from general-purpose IT to the new style of
IT, including big data and cloud.

Figure 2-5. Features and benefits of the ProLiant DL160 Gen9 Server
The ProLiant DL160 Gen9 offers up to Networking is System management is offered The
two Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors with handled by two through HP integrated Lights- ProLiant
up to 12 cores each. It has a total embedded Out (iLO) 4 v2.0. The DL160
memory capability of up to 512 GB 1GbE ProLiant DL160 Gen9 Gen9
using 16 DDR4 memory cards. Up to FlexibleLOMs. supports Unified Extensible server
eight small form factor (SFF) or four The server has Firmware Interface (UEFI) as replaces
large form factor (LFF) slots support three PCIe 3.0 well as legacy BIOS boot the
hard disk drive (HDD) and solid-state slots for adding mode. HP Support options are ProLiant
drive (SSD) storage with an embedded more network available with a standard 3-1- DL360e
HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i capabilities, 1 warranty and Trusted Gen8
Controller that ships standard. external storage, Platform Module (TPM) and
and other option. DL160
options. Gen8
servers.

Note
The Xeon E5-2600 v3 processor is available in several variants (for example, E5-2603, E5-
2630, and E5-2660), and each variant has its own maximum core count (6, 8, or 10). For
information on which processors are supported in each ProLiant server, read the QuickSpecs
available at: http://www.hp.com/go/qs

HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 Server


As shown in Figure 2-6, the HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 Server, powered by Xeon E5-2600 v3
processors, is an optimized 2U server, designed with the right balance of expandability, performance,
reliability, and manageability in a compact chassis. It is the ideal platform for customers who require
flexibility in a growing data center, including SMBs and enterprises working with applications such
as Hadoop or decision support systems.

Figure 2-6. Features and benefits of the ProLiant DL180 Gen9 Server
The server offers support for most popular mainstream operating systems:
Microsoft Windows Server
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES)
Oracle Solaris
VMware ESXi
The ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server Networking capability is handled Support options The
offers up to two Xeon E5-2600 v3 by two embedded 1GbE cards are available, ProLiant
processors with up to 12 cores each. with optional FlexibleLOM on a and the server DL180
Memory options offer up to 512 GB riser. In addition, there are six ships with a Gen9
total RAM using 16 DDR4 DIMMs. full-height, full-length PCIe 3.0 standard 3-1-1 server
Internal storage is accomplished with slots. System management is warranty. For replaces
either 16 SFF or 12 LFF slots that offered through HP iLO 4 v2.0. environments the
support HDD and SSD storage. An The ProLiant DL180 Gen9 requiring ProLiant
embedded Dynamic Smart Array server supports UEFI as well as enhanced DL380e
B140i ships standard. legacy BIOS boot mode. security, a TPM Gen8
option is server.
available.

ProLiant rack servers: 300/500 series


Figure 2-7 shows the transition path for customers that are using older rack-mounted servers but are
ready to take advantage of Gen9 technologies.

Figure 2-7. ProLiant 300/500 series transition path


ProLiant DL560 and DL580 Gen8 servers Customers currently using the ProLiant DL360p
currently do not have a Gen9 equivalent, and Gen8 server should consider the ProLiant DL360
customers using these servers should assess their Gen9 server. Customers currently using ProLiant
workloads and choose one of the available Gen9 DL380p Gen8 servers should consider the
server models to meet their needs. ProLiant DL380 Gen9 server.

HP ProLiant DL360 Gen9 Server


The ProLiant DL360 Gen9 Server (Figure 2-8) is the entry-level ProLiant DL300 server. It is the
leading HP server for dense general-purpose computing. Powered by up to two Xeon E5-2600 v3
series processors with up to 14 cores each, the ProLiant DL360 Gen9 server delivers performance
with large memory and I/O expandability packed in a 1U rack design.
Figure 2-8. Features and benefits of the ProLiant DL360 Gen9 Server
The ProLiant Internal storage Networking is System Reliability, The
DL360 Gen9 options offer up to provided management serviceability, and ProLiant
server uses eight plus two SFF through a is offered availability, DL360
DDR4 DIMM for and four LFF choice of four through iLO backed by a Gen9
increased HDDs or SSDs. 1GbE 4 v2.0. The comprehensive server
performance. The Dynamic Smart embedded ProLiant warranty, make replaces
Advanced error Array B140i FlexibleLOMs. DL360 the ProLiant the
checking and Controller ships Additional Gen9 DL360 Gen9 ProLiant
correcting (ECC) standard and can be functionality is supports server ideal for DL360p
and online spare enhanced by offered with UEFI as the most space- Gen8
memory improve ordering the three PCIe 3.0 well as constrained server server.
uptime and optional HP slots (up to one legacy workloads.
reliability. The Flexible Smart full height/full BIOS boot Support offers
memory on this Array or HP Smart length [FH/FL] mode. extended options;
system can be host bus adapter and two low the server ships
expanded to 786 (HBA) controllers profile [LP] or with a standard 3-
GB using 24 for performance two FH/FL). 3-3 warranty. HP
DDR4 memory and additional Secure Encryption
modules. features. and a TPM option
are available.

HP ProLiant DL380 Gen9 Server


The data center standard for general-purpose computing, the HP ProLiant DL380 Gen9 Server
(Figure 2-9) delivers the best performance and expandability in the HP 2P rack portfolio. Features of
the ProLiant DL380 Gen9 server include:
Figure 2-9. Features and benefits of the ProLiant DL380 Gen9 Server
A modular chassis design that allows for easy field upgrades of drive capacity, FlexibleLOM, and
more
Up to two Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors with up to 18 cores each
Internal storage with up to 24+2 SFF or 12+3 LFF support for HDDs and SSDs, and a standard
Dynamic Smart Array B140i controller
Flexible Smart Array or Smart HBA controllers for performance or additional features
Additional networking choice with four embedded 1GbE LOMs and additional network solutions
(FlexibleLOM)
Improved management and control with UEFI and Secure Encryption capabilities
Cooling and energy efficiency are improved with expanded ambient-air cooling solutions supporting
ASHRAE A3 and A4
The ProLiant DL380 Gen9 supports up Other expansions are available with six PCIe The
to 768 GB of memory using 24 DDR4 3.0 slots (full height/full length) to support a ProLiant
memory slots. It uses 12 DIMM slots range of standard cards. System management DL380
per processor, with four channels per is offered through iLO 4 v2.0. The ProLiant Gen9
processor, three DIMMS per channel. DL380 Gen9 server supports UEFI as well as server
When 64 GB load reduced DIMMs legacy BIOS boot mode. They feature HP replaces
(LRDIMMs) become available, the Platinum Plus Power Supplies for up to 94% the
total memory available will double to efficiency and ship with a standard 3-3-3 ProLiant
1.5 TB. warranty. DL380p
Gen8 and
DL380 G7
servers.

HP ProLiant tower servers: ML series


Figure 2-10 shows the transition path for customers that are using older tower servers and want to
take advantage of Gen9 technologies.

Figure 2-10. ProLiant ML series transition path


ProLiant ML10, MicroServer, ML310e, and ML350e Gen8 servers Customers currently using the
currently do not have a Gen9 equivalent, and customers using these ProLiant ML350p Gen8
servers should assess their workloads and choose one of the server should consider the
available Gen9 server models to meet their needs. ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server.

HP ProLiant ML350 Gen9 Server


As shown in Figure 2-11, the ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server, powered by Xeon E5-2600 v3
processors, is a 2P tower that provides high performance, expandability, and manageability. It is
ideal for growing SMBs and enterprises. Compared to the Gen8 model, it has more cores, increased
memory availability, and greater storage expandability.
Figure 2-11. Features and benefits of the ProLiant ML350 Gen9 Server
The ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server has up to Networking is provided The ProLiant The
two Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors with up to by four embedded 1GbE ML350 Gen9 ProLiant
18 cores each. It supports a maximum of 768 ports. For further server ships ML350
GB memory in 24 DDR4 slots. Internal expansion, there are with the HP Gen9
storage consists of up to 48 SFF/24 LFF eight PCIe 3.0 slots and standard 3-3-3 server
drives, which can support HDD and SSD one full-height/full- warranty. It replaces
formats. It ships with the Dynamic Smart length PCIe 2.0 slot. supports Secure the
Array B140i and offers a choice of Flexible Management is handled Encryption and ProLiant
Smart Array or Smart HBA Controller by iLO 4, HP Smart a TPM option. ML350p
options for performance or additional Update Manager (HP Support options Gen8
features. SUM), and UEFI. are available. and
ML350
G6
servers.

HP ProLiant DL and ML use cases


Redstone Federal Credit Union, Technicolor, and Bally Technologies ( Figure 2-12) are among the
customers experiencing the benefits of ProLiant Gen9 technologies.
Figure 2-12. Bally Technologies, a ProLiant Gen9 server customer
Ballys goal is to build a world-leading gaming platform that continually exceeds internal and user
expectations in the entertainment industry. Bally engaged with HP to evaluate ProLiant Gen9 servers
in its business environment. The company discovered that ProLiant Gen9 servers:
Deliver 30% faster provisioning and installation of customer deployments
Increase computational density by 20% over previous solution
Run more than 100 virtual machines (VMs) without stressing the CPU for maximum performance
Reduce the total technology footprint by 50% to 70%, boosting the overall environmental profile
Deliver an integrated server, storage, and networking solution from a single vendor
Offer superior system visibility and management with built-in software tools
Mike Owens, IT Lab Services Manager of Bally Technologies, commented, With ProLiant Gen9
servers, we can get more CPU density, more memory density, and better performance in a smaller
space while using fewer resources to power it.

Note
Visit http://h17007.www1.hp.com/us/en/enterprise/servers/case-studies/index.aspx for more
information on HP server use cases.

HP rack and tower options for ProLiant Gen9


HP Smart Array controllers
HP Smart Array controllers ( Figure 2-13) have been a part of the ProLiant story since the launch of
the ProLiant server portfolio. Smart Array controllers have evolved to provide functionality and
features that help maximize workload performance, availability, and reliability. As shown in the
graphic, the current generation of serial attached SCSI (SAS) Smart Array controllers are available in
several form factors, including as an embedded controller on the system board, as a stand-up card in
a PCIe slot, or as a mezzanine card or FlexibleLOM for HP server blades.

Figure 2-13. Currently shipping Smart Array controllers


Smart Array Smart Array controllers SmartCache HP also provides Smart Array
controllers are are also optimized to caches hot comprehensive and controllers
designed for meet the performance data on simplified management support SAS
ProLiant needs of workloads and lower- of the entire Smart and SATA
customers who use the fastest PCIe 3.0 latency Array ecosystem technology for
need fault technology. The flash SSDs to through the HP Smart HDDs and
tolerance for backed write cache accelerate Storage Administrator SSDs. HP has
their direct- (FBWC) module is used application (SSA). You can easily a
attached storage for write caching and as a workloads expand capacity on an comprehensive
environments. metadata store for the HP and existing volume or portfolio of
They provide SmartCache feature. As performance create new logical HP Smart
reliable RAID write commands are sent dynamically. volumes using SSA. Drives
fault tolerance across the Smart Array HP SSD Each Smart Array available in
for ProLiant controller to be written to Smart Path controller is right-sized 2.5 inch SFF
storage to disk, they are often sent enhances for the specific or 3.5 inch
maximize system faster than the actual SSD read ProLiant model and is LFF with
uptime. They write to disk. When this performance designed to grow with various
also support happens, the FBWC acts by the business. SSA capacity points
advanced as a holding area, which bypassing replaces the HP Array for HDDs and
features such as helps smooth out the Smart Array Configuration Utility SSDs.
RAID 10 performance and firmware for (ACU) for all
Advanced Data efficiency of write the optimal controller models
Mirroring commands. Because the path to the shipping from
(ADM), which FBWC is nonvolatile, SSD. September 2013
is a feature data is retained forward. ACU will
exclusive to HP indefinitely if the server continue to support
that provides a goes down. controller models from
three-drive before September
mirror. 2013.

Understanding letters and numbers in the Smart Array controllers


The letters and numbers signify the family, series, generation, ports, and media:
The first character represents the family (B-series, H-series, or P-series controller).
The second character represents the series (where 2xx is base/entry, 4xx is scale/mainstream, 7xx is
premium/performance for HP BladeSystem, and 8xx is premium/performance for ProLiant
ML/DL/SL server families).
The third character represents the generation (0 is 3 Gb SAS, 1 is 6 Gb SAS, 2 is 6 Gbps, 3 is 12
Gb SAS with HP Secure Encryption, and 4 is 12 Gb SAS for Gen9).
The fourth character represents the ports (0 is internal, 1 is external, 2 is internal and external, 4 is
specific to the BL460c, and 6 is specific to the BL660).
The fifth character represents the media (i is integrated, m is mezzanine, br is flexible
controller for server blades, ar is flexible controller for rack and tower servers).

Storage options for ProLiant DL360, DL380, and ML350 Gen9


servers
As shown in Figure 2-14, several storage controller options available are available for ProLiant 300
series servers, including the Dynamic Smart Array B140i, H240ar, P440ar/2GB, P440/4GB, and
P840/4GB controllers.
Figure 2-14. Smart Array controller options for ProLiant DL360, DL380, and ML350 Gen9 servers
With these controllers, HP is providing key differentiators in the HP has also added new features
areas of flexibility, performance, and simplicity. For example, for power management.
with select ProLiant Gen9 servers, users can choose the controller ProLiant Gen9 users can use
for their workload. Using the Flexible Smart Array and Smart SAS SSA to manage the power level
HBA, customers can choose between the Smart Array P440ar of the Smart Array controller
Controller, the H240ar Smart SAS HBA, or the Dynamic Smart and the Smart SAS HBA to
Array B140i in a rack and tower server without having to use a meet the workload. The
PCIe slot. different power levels are:
PerformanceThe controller provides the highest performance without any power savings
BalanceThe controller will dynamically balance between performance and power
Power savingsThe controller saves power when performance is not critical, for example, for
boot devices or cold storage
Hard drive capacities are increasing, and as a result, rebuild times can take many hours. HP has
enhanced the rapid rebuild feature in Gen9 controllers so that rebuilds of a failed drive are faster,
helping to prevent the data loss that can occur during slower rebuilds.

Smart Array controllers


Table 2-1. Overview of the basic functionality of the controllers available for the ProLiant DL300
Gen9 series servers
Given the increasing need for high performance and rapid capacity expansion, Smart Array
controllers (Table 2-1) offer:
Up to 40 TB of total internal storage with 10 x 4 TB LFF SATA hard drives
Up to 10 TB of total internal storage 10 x 1.0 TB SFF SATA hard drives

HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller


The HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller provides customers with greater choice and higher
levels of data protection than previous embedded controllers. In the past, these data protection levels
were only available on stand-up controllers.
The Dynamic Smart Array B140i is embedded on the system board of all ProLiant Gen9 servers. It
has 10 SATA ports.
Note
SAS is not supported with the Dynamic Smart Array B140i.

With Dynamic Smart Array The Dynamic Smart Array B140i is a The Dynamic Smart
controllers, customers can make 6 GB/s SATA controller that provides Array B140i is ideal
better use of SSDs. The Smart Array support for up to 10 SATA drives for operating system
controllers share the same user with RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 1+0, boot devices or for
interface with stand-up Smart Array and RAID 5 capabilities. The protecting data that
controllers, thus making storage controller allows RAID volumes does not require
management and deployment easier across all 10 drives in a single RAID extreme storage
for IT. set. performance.

HP H240ar Smart HBA Controller


T he HP H240ar Smart HBA ( Figure 2-15) is a 12 GB/s controller that provides increased
performance over the previous generation. The H240ar controller is designed for ProLiant DL360,
DL380, and ML350 Gen9 servers and allows expansion of storage density within the server. The
controller also offer basic RAID mode allowing RAID 0, 1, and 5 configurations. The H240ar
provides high levels of reliability, storage, and performance. It can provide Secure Encryption for
ProLiant Gen9 servers through its support of the latest Smart Array technology and advanced
firmware optimizations.
Figure 2-15. H240ar Smart HBA Controller
The H240ar is ideal for midrange- to enterprise-level direct-attached SAS storage performance for
file server, application server, messaging server, and database applications.

HP Smart Array P440ar Controller


The HP Smart Array P440ar Controller ( Figure 2-16) is a Flexible Smart Array 12 GB/s SAS RAID
controller that provides enterprise-class storage performance, increased internal scalability with the
optional HP Smart SAS Expander Card, and data protection for ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower
servers. It features eight internal physical links and delivers increased server uptime by providing
advanced storage functionality, including online RAID level migration between any RAID levels with
FBWC, global online spare, and pre-failure warning.
Figure 2-16. Smart Array P440ar Controller
The The Smart Array P440ar The Smart Array The Smart Array P440ar RAID
ProLiant delivers 12 GB/s SAS P440ar offers controller and the support
Gen9 family connectivity on ProLiant optional Secure attached storage devices includes:
of Gen9 servers when Encryption are configured and
controllers connected to 12 GB/s capability that managed by the easy-to-
supports the internal storage devices for protects data at use HP SSA software,
HP Smart increased performance in rest on any bulk which is included in the
Storage messaging, database, or storage attached to intelligent provisioning
Battery, general server applications. the controller. of the server. Data
which It offers integrated 2 GB Other features compatibility throughout
powers DDR3-1866 FBWC include long-term the Smart Array
multiple providing up to 14.9 GB/s data retention with controller family allows
Smart Array cache bandwidth to reduce integrated 2 GB simple migration
controllers latency in write-intensive FBWC for whenever there is a need
without the applications that require improved data for higher performance,
need for heavy logging activities. reliability and capacity, or availability,
additional Optional SmartCache predictive spare such as converting an
backup provides read and write activation for existing storage volume
power acceleration for workloads improved rebuild to more advanced disk
sources, such as databases or and increased array configuration.
resulting in webpages. uptime even in
a simpler recovery mode.
upgrade
process.
RAID 6 Advanced Data Guarding (ADG)Supported with a minimum of four drives. This
allocates two sets of parity data across drives. This level of fault tolerance can withstand a double
drive failure without downtime or data loss.
RAID 60Supported with a minimum of eight drives. This volume is composed of two or more
RAID 6 sub-volumes (parity groups) where data is striped across each parity group as if it were a
single physical drive. Each RAID 6 parity group can sustain up to two drive failures without
incurring data loss.
RAID 5 (Distributed Data Guarding)Supported with a minimum of three drives. This allocates
one set of parity data across drives. This level of fault tolerance can withstand a single drive
failure without downtime or data loss.
RAID 50Supported with a minimum of six drives. This volume is composed of two or more
RAID 5 sub-volumes (parity groups) where data is striped across each parity group as if it were a
single physical drive. Each RAID 5 parity group can sustain a single drive failure without
incurring data loss.
RAID 1 and 10 (Drive Mirroring)Supported with a minimum of two drives. This allocates half
of the drive array to the data and the other half to the mirrored data, providing two copies of the
data.
RAID 1 ADM and RAID 10 ADMSupported with a minimum of three drives. RAID 1 ADM
creates redundant copies of the data using three drives. RAID 10 ADM stripes data across two or
more sets of RAID 1 ADM volumes. This level of fault tolerance can withstand a double drive
failure within a RAID 1 ADM volume without downtime or data loss.
The Smart Array P440ar is ideal for midrange- to enterprise-level direct-attached SAS storage
performance for file server, application server, messaging server, and database applications. It is
also suited for environments that require encryption of sensitive data.

HP Smart Array P840 Controller


The HP Smart Array P840 ( Figure 2-17) is a 12 GB/s controller that allows customers to expand
internal storage effortlessly from a single drive cage to the second drive cage while managing
volumes and data from a single controller. The controller supports FBWC to maximize data retention
in case of a power failure. The Smart Array P840 Controller is designed for ProLiant Gen9 rack-
mounted and tower servers for direct-attached storage.

Figure 2-17. Smart Array P840 Controller


The Smart Array P840 offers transportable (data in the cache The Smart Array P840 is ideal for
can be migrated to a new controller) 4 GB DDR3-1866 FBWC midrange- to enterprise-level
that provides up to 14.9 GB/s cache bandwidth to reduce direct-attached SAS storage
latency in write-intensive applications that require heavy performance for file server,
logging. SmartCache ships standard with this controller, application server, messaging
providing read and write acceleration for workloads such as server, and database applications.
databases or webpages. This controller supports up to 16 Because it supports Secure
drives without need for the SAS expander card, thus providing Encryption, it is also suited for
low-latency point-to-point connectivity to SSDs. environments that require
encryption of sensitive data.

Transitioning Gen8 to Gen9 FlexibleLOM


Figure 2-18 shows the transition path for customers that want to take advantage of Gen9 FlexibleLOM
technology for ProLiant ML/DL servers.
Figure 2-18. FlexibleLOM Gen9 transition path

Why choose a HP FlexFabric 10GB 2-port 556 Adapter?


As shown in Figure 2-19, the benefits of HP FlexFabric 556 adapters include:

Figure 2-19. Benefits of FlexFabric 556 adapters


Simplify a customers infrastructure FlexFabric 556 adapters deliver faster services by
converging Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) or remote direct memory access (RDMA) over
Converged Ethernet (RoCE) with LAN traffic on a single Ethernet wire. By reducing hardware,
operational and acquisition costs are lowered.
Improve performance of overlay networking with tunnel offload on a 10GbE adapter (Virtual
Extensible LAN [VXLAN] and Network Virtualization using Generic Routing Encapsulation
[NVGRE])Tunnel offload can be used to take full advantage of overlay networking investment.
Increase the scale of VLANs beyond the traditional limit of 4,096 and simplify network
services provisioningBy using RoCE with Microsoft Hyper-V Live Migration, customers can
reduce migration times and improve server utilization, giving them flexibility to address dynamic
workloads. In addition, these adapters offer improvements in input/output operations per second
(IOPs) and small packet performance.
Deliver IT services efficientlyCPU and power consumption can be reduced by using tunnel
offload. In addition, RoCE allows fast data transfer and low latency.

HP FlexFabric 10GB 2-port 556FLR-SFP+ Adapter


The HP FlexFabric 556 Adapter (Figure 2-20) for ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower servers provides
full-featured, high-performance converged 10GB Ethernet that accelerates IT services and increases
data center efficiency across a broad range of I/O intensive enterprise, cloud, and telco workloads.

Figure 2-20. FlexFabric 10GB 2-port 556FLR-SFP+ Adapter


The adapter offers a rich set of offload technologies, including overlay network tunneling and
storage as well as RoCE capabilities that increase host efficiency and virtualization performance.

HP QuickSpecs
HP QuickSpecs (Figure 2-21) can be accessed through the HP Marketing Document Library. The
library provides an enhanced online and mobile experience for QuickSpecs by offering full text
search, faceted navigation, and search results sorted by most popular documents.
Figure 2-21. QuickSpecs home screen
QuickSpecs also can be accessed offline using the HP Product Bulletin application or through
synchronization with standard cloud solutions.

Note
The online QuickSpecs solution supersedes the offline Product Bulletin application.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/quickspecs for more information on QuickSpecs.

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. For which customer does HP recommend the ProLiant 300 series rack and tower servers?
a. Businesses that are new to servers
b. Growing businesses or new IT growth customers
c. SMB, enterprise, and HPC customers that use traditional IT and require a mission-critical
environment
d. Customers requiring the most demanding scale-up workloads, HP offers the 500 series

2. For which customer does HP recommend the ProLiant 100 series rack and tower servers?
a. Businesses that are new to servers
b. Growing businesses or new IT growth customers
c. SMB, enterprise, and HPC customers that use traditional IT and require a mission-critical
environment
d. Customers requiring the most demanding scale-up workloads, HP offers the 500 series

3. What is the leading ProLiant server for dense general-purpose computing environments?
a. DL180 Gen9
b. ML 350 Gen9
c. DL360 Gen9
d. DL380e Gen8

4. Which advanced feature of the HP Smart Array is exclusive to HP?


a. Flash backed write cache (FBWC) module
b. Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
c. Load reduced DIMMs (LRDIMMs)
d. RAID 10 Advanced Data Mirroring (ADM)

5. What are two features of the Smart Array P440 Controller? (Select two.)
a. 2GB FBWC
b. Low-profile PCIe 3.0 x8 card
c. Two internal x8 double-wide connectors with expander support
d. Up to 60 drives depending on server model
e. Low power requirements
Answers
1. C is correct. HP recommends the ProLiant 300 series rack and tower servers for SMB, enterprise, and HPC customers that
use traditional IT and require a mission-critical environment.
A, B , and D are incorrect. HP recommends the ProLiant 10 series rack and tower servers for businesses that are new to
servers, the ProLiant 100 series rack and tower servers for growing businesses or new IT growth customers, and the
ProLiant 500 series for customers requiring the most demanding scale-up workloads.
2. B is correct. HP recommends the ProLiant 100 series rack and tower servers for growing businesses or new IT growth
customers.
A, C, and D are incorrect. HP recommends the ProLiant 10 series rack and tower servers for businesses that are new to
servers, the ProLiant 300 series rack and tower SMB, enterprise, and HPC customers that use traditional IT and require a
mission-critical environment, and the ProLiant 500 series for customers requiring the most demanding scale-up workloads.
3. C is correct. HP recommends the ProLiant DL360 Gen9 series rack and tower servers for dense general-purpose computing
environments.
A, B , and D are incorrect. These are not the HP recommendations for this target market.
4. D is correct. RAID 10 Advanced Data Mirroring (ADM) is exclusive to HP.
A, B , and C are incorrect. These features are not exclusive to HP.
5. B and D are correct. The low-profile PCIe 3.0 x8 card and support for up to 60 drives depending on server model are
features of the Smart Array P440 controller.
A and C are incorrect. These features are not exclusive to HP.
3 HP BladeSystem Server Solutions

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn to:
Explain how the HP BladeSystem Gen9 portfolio provides solutions in the compute era
List the steps in the process of building a BladeSystem solution
Select the operating environment
Select the BladeSystem enclosure
Select the interconnects and adapters
Select the server blades
Select the storage infrastructure
Select the infrastructure management
Select the power and cooling configurations
Select the services

INTRODUCTION
Chapter 3 begins with an overview of BladeSystems Gen9 solutions in the compute era. It describes
how to build a BladeSystem solution by listing the steps to select the necessary components. The
chapter concludes by showing how the server solution market views HP as a market leader for its
commitment to innovation, partnerships, and solutions.

HP BladeSystem Gen9 solutions in the compute era


With the growth of data fueling todays global environment, the ability of a business to adapt to
change quickly is becoming critical for survival. IT managers are under enormous pressure to deliver
applications and services that innovate and transform the business at a lower cost.
Rather than adding more technology To help address these ever-changing business needs,
silos, IT organizations need an agile BladeSystem with HP OneView provides solutions that can
and reliable converged infrastructure transform the business by lowering data center costs by
platform that is purpose-built for 68%. This enables customers to shift investment from
enterprise workloads such as routine maintenance to innovation, maximize availability by
virtualization and cloud computing, reducing downtime up to 90%, and accelerate enterprise
ready to deliver industry-leading total workload deployment, such as virtualization and cloud
cost of ownership (TCO), and able to computing, up to 66x faster. That is what HP calls the
increase IT staff productivity. Power of One (Figure 3-1).
Figure 3-1. The Power of OneOne management, one infrastructure
The Power of One OneView combines server, storage, and networking with control of the data
starts with center environment into a single, integrated management platform designed
BladeSystem. It is to deliver lifecycle management for the complete HP Converged
founded on the Infrastructure. With HP Onboard Administrator, HP integrated Lights-Out
principles of having (iLO) remote management, and OneView, BladeSystem server blades can
one management be managed and controlled regardless of the state of the server operating
platform and a single system.
infrastructure.

BladeSystem delivers the Power of One


BladeSystems (Figure 3-2) deliver the Power of One by having one management platform and a
single infrastructure that is converged, federated, and automated. BladeSystem provides a single
experience that offers key advantages:

Figure 3-2. BladeSystem solutions


ConvergenceCompute, network, storage, virtualization, and management are included in one
infrastructure, so costs can be reduced.
FederationWith the combination of BladeSystem and OneView, the chassis becomes a single
system. With a federated system, OneView makes it possible to move server profiles across
multiple chassis, so any compute blade is available for any appropriate workload in the whole
system. A valuable benefit is the ability to automate the environment. Because it is federated and
not hierarchal,the environment is safer. Failure domains are smaller and a failure in any one part
does not impact the other parts.
AutomationDay-to-day lifecycle management is made easier with automated provisioning,
proactive health monitoring, and virtual machine (VM) failover.

Building a BladeSystem solution


The HP global community of business technology experts and partners is committed to helping build
solutions and support plans that are right for a customers business needs. HP integrates the
infrastructure essentials inside the BladeSystem so that it arrives at the customer site ready to deliver
the best business results.
Building a BladeSystem infrastructure solution begins with eight simple steps:
1. Select the 2. Select the 3. Select the 4. 5. Select the 6. Select the 7. Select the 8. Se
operating BladeSystem interconnects Select storage infrastructure power and the
environment. enclosure. and the infrastructure. management. cooling serv
adapters. server configurations.
blades.
Note
These eight steps are a connected sequence, rather than a linear, one-time progression. It
might be necessary to repeat the process to arrive at the most appropriate solution to meet
the customers business needs. For example, if the BladeSystem c3000 enclosure is selected
during the first iteration and it later becomes evident that more than eight server blades are
required, it will be necessary to review the enclosure selection and either add another
BladeSystem c3000 enclosure or select a BladeSystem c7000 enclosure.

Step 1: Select the operating environment


Customers can purchase their entire operating environment from HP. HP resells and provides full
service and support for the following supported operating systems and virtualization software:
VMwarehttp://hp.com/go/vmwarecert
Microsoft Windows Server with Hyper-V
http://h17007.www1.hp.com/us/en/enterprise/servers/supportmatrix/windows.aspx
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)http://hp.com/go/rhelcert
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES)http://hp.com/go/slescert
Oracle Linux Unbreakable Enterprise Kernelhttp://hp.com/go/oelcert
Oracle Solarishttp://hp.com/go/solariscert
Canonical Ubuntuhttp://hp.com/go/ubuntucert
The URLs in this list lead to the HP Servers Support and Certification Matrices webpages. Navigate
to the appropriate URL and click an operating system to obtain the latest information.

Step 2: Select the BladeSystem enclosure


Both the BladeSystem c7000 and the c3000 enclosures (Figure 3-3) provide all the power, cooling,
and I/O infrastructure needed to support modular server, storage, interconnect, and power
management components. They consolidate the components into a single solution that can be managed
as a unified environment.
Figure 3-3. BladeSystem enclosures
Both models include For demanding workloads, the The Onboard Administrator The
a shared 7.1 Tbps increased power supply module provides a single BladeSystem
high-speed midplane wattage and midplane point of control for intelligent c7000
for wire-once bandwidth aligned with management of the entire enclosure is
connectivity of intelligent infrastructure enclosure. An optional 10U high
server blades to technologies such as HP Onboard Administrator and supports
network and shared Platinum Power Supplies, HP system management module the
storage. Power is Intelligent Power Module, and provides redundancy. Insight following
delivered through a HP Location Discovery Display, which is powered components:
pooled-power Services have enhanced the by the Onboard
backplane that foundation for an HP Administrator, provides local
ensures the full Converged Infrastructure. HP management through an LCD
capacity of the Thermal Logic technology helps display conveniently sited on
power supplies is to minimize power consumption the front of the system.
available to all and reduce cooling.
blades.
Up to 16 half-height server blades, eight full-height server blades, and eight expansion blades per
enclosure (not exceeding 16 total blades)
Up to four redundant interconnect I/O fabrics (Ethernet, Fibre Channel, InfiniBand, iSCSI, and
serial-attached SCSI [SAS]) supported simultaneously within the enclosure
Choice of single-phase AC input, three-phase AC input, -48V DC input, or high-voltage DC input for
power input flexibility
Up to six hot-plug high-efficiency power supplies per enclosure
A minimum of four hot-plug HP Active Cool 200 Fans; for redundancy, additional capacity, and
improved power consumption and acoustics, Active Cool 200 Fan kits can be added for a
maximum of 10 fans
The 6U BladeSystem c3000 enclosure supports:
Up to eight half-height server blades, or four full-height server blades and four expansion blades per
enclosure (not exceeding eight total blades)
Up to two redundant I/O interconnect fabrics (Ethernet, Fibre Channel, iSCSI, SAS, and so forth)
supported simultaneously within the enclosure
A single-phase power subsystem for connecting to data center power, uninterruptible power
supplies (UPSs), or low-line (100VAC to 110VAC) wall outlets

Caution
When connecting directly to wall outlets, determine the maximum amperage of the wall
outlet circuit to prevent power overload.

Up to six hot-plug Active Cool 100 Fans


Redundant hot-plug cooling, redundant hot-plug power supplies, redundant connections, redundant
interconnect modules, and optional redundant BladeSystem Onboard Administrator management
module
After you select the enclosure and its key components, you can add the following components:
Interconnect modules
HP ProLiant and Integrity server blades and expansion blades
OneView or HP Insight Control for BladeSystem management

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/bladesystem for more information on BladeSystem components.

Step 3: Select the interconnects and adapters


HP Virtual Connect is an essential building block for any virtualized or cloud-ready environment.
Virtual Connect is the simplest way to connect servers to any network and reduces network sprawl at
the edge of the network.
Virtual Connect modules include:
Virtual Connect Ethernet module (Flex-10/10D)
Virtual Connect FlexFabric modules
Virtual Connect Fibre Channel modules
For customers that do not want to use Virtual Connect, a range of other interconnects is available,
including:
Ethernet switches
SAS switches
Fibre Channel switches
Pass-thru modules
InfiniBand products
HCA mezzanine cards
Blade switches
Rack switches

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/virtualconnect for more information on the Virtual Connect
portfolio.

Visit http://www.hp.com/go/bladesystem/interconnects for more information on the HP


interconnects portfolio.

HP Virtual Connect
HP Virtual Connect converges server edge connections, making server changes transparent to storage
and networks and delivering four times the number of connections per physical network link than
possible with traditional networking technology. This innovative, wire-once HP connection
management technology simplifies server connectivity, making it possible to add, move, and change
servers in minutes instead of hours or days. Virtual Connect enables server administrators to
dynamically optimize and control bandwidth using fewer physical ports for the same performance and
reduces server edge infrastructure (switches, host bus adapters [HBAs], network interface cards
[NICs], and cables) and costs. These benefits are illustrated in Figure 3-4.

Figure 3-4. Virtual Connect benefits


Virtual Connect enables routine Additional cost savings are achieved by consolidating switch
infrastructure changes in less time connectivity with dual-hop Fibre Channel over Ethernet
with wire-once connectivity, so (FCoE). Virtualization network traffic demands low-latency
server administrators can add, server-to-server and server-to-storage connectivity. Together
replace, and recover server with the HP Intelligent Resilient Framework (IRF), Virtual
resources from a centralized Connect enables flatter low-latency networks. With more than
console and without involving 10 million ports shipped, Virtual Connect continues to deliver
storage and networking proven simplification of operations.
administrators.

Switch and Virtual Connect interconnect solutions comparison


Figure 3-5 compares switch and Virtual Connect interconnect solutions. In a BladeSystem solution, a
Virtual Connect interconnect module forms a Layer 2 bridge between the server blades and the
Ethernet and storage networks. Typically, the Virtual Connect module is managed as part of the
overall server system by the server administrator, who makes use of storage and networking
resources that have been provided by the storage and networking administrators.

Figure 3-5. Switch and Virtual Connect interconnect solutions comparison


Managing a The Virtual Connect module Essentially, Virtual Connect is an One of the
Virtual Connect pools and shares network edge port aggregator that provides major
module is connections for the servers Layer 2 networking capabilities. It technical
relatively simple within the BladeSystem so that is not configured, deployed, or benefits of
because it is not server administrators can managed like a traditional switch, using the
as complicated upgrade, replace, or move and its uplink ports are termination Virtual
as a switch. server blades without changes ports, not transit ports. In other Connect
Therefore, the being visible to the external words, Virtual Connect presents modules is
server local area network (LAN) and itself to the network as an endpoint that they
administrator can storage area network (SAN) like a server instead of a switch enable any
easily handle the environments and, therefore, which means it is managed as server NIC
configuration without requiring intervention part of the server system rather than to be
tasks without by LAN and SAN as part of the network. connected
detailed administrators. to any data
networking center
knowledge. switch.

Virtual ConnectPerformance for virtualized, cloud-ready data centers


Analysts predict that soon more than 80% of data center traffic will flow between servers. A
significant amount already occurs today among virtualized servers. VMware vMotion is a key driver
of this trend. In these situations, it is not necessaryor ideal in most casesto push all traffic to
network core switches as typically practiced in traditional switched networks.
As illustrated in Figure 3-6, Virtual Connect is optimized for east-west (server-to-server) traffic
within a Virtual Connect domain. Workloads on up to 64 servers within a four-enclosure domain
can communicate with each other without leaving the domain, thereby minimizing network latency.
This unique east-west traffic-flow capability extends to allow traffic between any servers connected
to the same Virtual Connect module to communicate over an internal link without oversubscription.
By planning server deployment within BladeSystem enclosures, networking can be simplified and
performance can be improved.

Figure 3-6. Optimization for east-west traffic within a Virtual Connect domain

Validated vMotion acceleration


Support for Virtual Connect east-west traffic can be combined with IRF to improve server-to-server
performance significantly. IRF is an innovative HP switch platform virtualization technology that
allows customers to simplify the design and operations of their data center and campus Ethernet
networks. With IRF, multiple physical switches are combined into one virtualized switch known as
a n IRF domain, which is managed and maintained as a single entity. The resulting IRF domain
virtualizes switching platforms to dramatically simplify the design and operations of the network
fabric. It also enables networks to be flattened by eliminating the need for a dedicated aggregation
layer. IRF provides more direct, larger capacity connections between users and network resources.
For virtualized environments, having a flat network Figure 3-7 illustrates this concept. On the
infrastructure enabled by IRF in core switches and left is a legacy architecture. Traffic travels
Virtual Connect at the access layer provides a in a north-south direction traversing
converged data center architecture, which is a key multiple layers, each introducing latency.
benefit of the Virtual Connect FlexFabric architecture. With FlexFabric, traffic travels in an east-
FlexFabric connects servers and VMs to data and west direction (server-to-server) and does
storage networks over Ethernet, Fibre Channel, and not need to pass through the core switches.
iSCSI protocols.
Figure 3-7. vMotion acceleration with IRF and Virtual Connect

Key components of Virtual Connect solutions


As shown in Figure 3-8, the key components of Virtual Connect solutions are:

Figure 3-8. Key components of Virtual Connect solutions


BladeSystem servers with FlexFabric LAN-on-motherboard (LOM) or FlexibleLOM Blade (FLB)
adapters

Note
LOM architecture refers to servers with a NIC embedded on the system board. FlexibleLOM
technology is a variation of LOM architecture that allows you to select ProLiant Gen8/Gen9
servers with the NIC that best meets your needs without having to embed the NIC on the
system board. FlexFabric provides seamless interoperability with existing data center
networks and enables HP networking and security devices to be managed within a single
framework.

Virtual Connect FlexFabric, Ethernet, and Fibre Channel modules


FlexFabric mezzanine cards
A converged network adapter (CNA):
Consolidates networking capabilities of a 10 Gb NIC with storage capabilities of a Fibre Channel
HBA into a single adapter
Presents dual-purpose communication interfaces to the serveran Ethernet LAN function or Fibre
Channel SAN function
A FlexFabric adapter is more than just a CNA. It also enables support of Each PF is
interface virtualization (multiple FlexNICs, FlexHBA-FCoE, and FlexHBA- recognized as an
iSCSI). FlexFabric adapters optionally present Physical Function (PF) 2 as an individual NIC or
FCoE or iSCSI HBA. Bandwidth for each FlexNIC is configurable from 100 HBA with its own
Mb to 10 Gb such that the sum is a total of 10 Gb, or 10 Gb PF2 requirements. driver by the server
operating system.

HP Virtual Connect Flex-10/10D Module


HP Virtual Connect Flex-10 technology is a hardware-based solution that lets you split a 10 Gb/s
server network connection into four variable partitions. Flex-10 technology lets you replace multiple
lower bandwidth physical NIC ports with a single Flex-10 port. This reduces management
requirements, the number of NICs and interconnect modules needed, and power and operational costs.
Flex-10/10D (Figure 3-9) and FlexFabric server ports are subdivided into multiple PCI Express
(PCIe) PFs called FlexNICs. A FlexNIC is a PCIe function that appears to the system ROM,
operating system, or hypervisor as a discrete physical NIC with its own driver instance. It is not a
virtual NIC contained in a software layer.
Figure 3-9. Virtual Connect Flex-10/10D Module
Flex-10/10D supports four Virtual Connect supports dynamic bandwidth The Flex-10/10D
PFs per adapter port. This reallocation among the FlexNICs and module uplinks support
provides operating system FlexHBAs of each FlexFabric adapter port Ethernet, iSCSI, and
transparency, because each of a server blade. The key benefit of this FCoE. The Flex-10/10D
PF is recognized as an feature is that it can improve bandwidth module does not support
individual NIC or HBA utilization and throughput performance of a native Fibre Channel.
with its own driver by the given server blades physical adapter port. The Flex-10/10D
server operating system. This feature affects the transmission rates of module supports direct-
PF2 can be configured as the egress server port (from the server to the attached copper (DAC)
Ethernet, iSCSI, or FCoE. Virtual Connect module). The administrator cables and short-reach
When configured with an can control bandwidth utilization and traffic (SR), long-reach (LR),
iSCSI or FCoE performance from the server blades to the and long-reach multi-
personality, it is referred Flex-10/10D or FlexFabric modules. mode (LRM) optical
to as a FlexHBA. fiber transceiver
modules.

HP Virtual Connect FlexFabric 10Gb/24-port Module


An HP Virtual Connect FlexFabric 10Gb/24-port Module ( Figure 3-10) provides a simple, flexible
way to connect server blades to data or storage networks. Virtual Connect FlexFabric modules
eliminate network sprawl at the server edge with one device that converges traffic inside enclosures
and directly connects to external LANs and SANs.
Figure 3-10. Virtual Connect FlexFabric 10Gb/24-port Module
A FlexFabric adapter encapsulates Fibre Each redundant pair of FlexFabric modules Uplinks
Channel packets as FCoE and provides eight adjustable downlink support
consolidates the Fibre Channel and IP connections (six Ethernet and two Fibre Ethernet,
traffic into one 10 Gb data stream. The Channel, or six Ethernet and two iSCSI or iSCSI,
FlexFabric interconnect module separates eight Ethernet) to dual-port 10 Gb FlexFabric and
the converged traffic. Fibre Channel and adapters on servers. Up to eight uplinks are Fibre
IP traffic continue beyond the server- available for connection to upstream Ethernet Channel
network edge using the existing native and Fibre Channel switches. FlexFabric (native
Ethernet and Fibre Channel infrastructure. modules avoid the confusion of traditional and
Using Flex-10 technology with FCoE and and other converged network solutions by FCoE on
accelerated iSCSI, these modules eliminating the need for multiple Ethernet and ports X1
converge traffic over 10 Gb connections Fibre Channel switches, extension modules, through
to servers with FlexFabric adapters. cables, and software licenses. X4
only).

HP Virtual Connect FlexFabric-20/40 F8 Module


An HP Virtual Connect FlexFabric-20/40 F8 Module ( Figure 3-11) provides 20 Gb to each server
and 40/10 Gb uplinks to the data center network.
Figure 3-11. Virtual Connect FlexFabric-20/40 F8 Module
It is important to note the configuration of the external uplink ports on the FlexFabric-20/40 F8
module. Figure 3-11 shows the type and speed configuration options for each port:
Ports X1 through X4 can be configured as 10 Gb Ethernet or Fibre Channel.
Ports X5 through X6 are paired and can be configured as 10 Gb Ethernet or Fibre Channel.
Ports X7 through X8 are paired and can be configured as 10 Gb Ethernet or Fibre Channel.
Ports Q1 through Q4Quad Small Form-factor Pluggable Plus (QSFP+) 40 Gb Ethernet and can be
configured as 40 Gb Ethernet or a 4x10 Gb Ethernet per port when using the HP Networking DAC
splitter cable.
2x20 Gb (dedicated) internal ports are configured for cross connect.
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 = 20 Gb down (to the server blades), 40 Gb up (to the network infrastructure),
and 8 Gb Fibre Channel.

Dual-hop FCoE support in Virtual Connect


As shown in Figure 3-12, Virtual Connect supports dual-hop FCoE configurations when Virtual
Connect FlexFabric or Virtual Connect Flex-10/10D modules are installed in a BladeSystem c7000
enclosure.
Figure 3-12. Dual-hop FCoE configuration with FlexFabric or Flex-10/10D
The D in 10D in the Flex-10/10D The dual-hop FCoE feature in Virtual Connect
module product name stands for Data Center employs a technology known as FCoE Initialization
Bridging, which enables dual-hop FCoE. Protocol (FIP) snooping. Virtual Connect uses this
There are two FCoE hops between the server protocol on the external uplinks connected to
and the storage. One goes from the server upstream FCoE switches. FIP snooping enables a
blade HBA to the Flex-10/10D module. The device that might not have a native Fibre Channel
other goes from the Flex-10/10D module to interface (for example, Flex-10/10D modules) to
the external upstream switch that converts the transfer FCoE traffic to the FCoE upstream switch
FCoE traffic to Fibre Channel traffic. and thereby provide an FCoE path to storage
devices.

Increasing data center agility with 20 Gb innovation


The Virtual Connect FlexFabric-20/40 F8 Module works with FlexFabric Flex-20 adapters to
eliminate network sprawl at the server edge. This device converges traffic inside the enclosures and
directly connects to external LANs and SANs. As illustrated in Figure 3-13, Flex-20 technology
provides high-speed 20 Gb connections to servers and can achieve a total bandwidth of up to 240
Gbps to a LAN and SANa 3x improvement over legacy 10 Gb Virtual Connect modules.

Figure 3-13. Benefits of 20 Gb innovation


The FlexFabric-20/40 F8 Each FlexFabric- Flex-20 technology enables HP 20 Gb adapters to
module reduces the amount 20/40 module can stream converged 10 Gb Ethernet and 8 Gb storage
of hardware needed to replace up to simultaneously over a 20 Gb port. Earlier 10 Gb
connect servers to three 10 GbE- FlexNIC (CNA) implementations were limited to
networks. Using only two based switches partitioning 10 Gb into one 8/4 Gb Fibre Channel
of these modules to connect and one 8 Gb and multiple GbE physical functions or as a single
an enclosure of server Fibre Channel 10 GbE (no Fibre Channel or bandwidth for other
blades to both data and switch in a physical functions). In addition, 20 Gb ports can be
storage networks can BladeSystem partitioned into a full-rate 10 Gb Ethernet and a
reduce multiple switches, enclosure. It full-rate 8 Gb FCoE, with increased additional
cards, and cables and reduces bandwidth remaining for other functions,
provide a 4:1 consolidation networking TCO provisioned in 100 Mbps increments.
of interconnect equipment. at the server edge
by saving on
equipment.

Active optical cables


With the need for ever-increasing data throughput and increased cable lengths coupled with cost
sensitivity, traditional copper cables become less suitable. Active optical cables (AOCs) ( Figure 3-
14), supported with the FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module, provide the solution by supporting increased
cable lengths, greater bandwidths, more immunity to electromagnetic interference (EMI), and lower
cost.
Figure 3-14. Active optical cables
Another advantage is that AOCs are physically smaller than traditional copper cables The AOCs
and are therefore less likely to disrupt airflow in densely packed IT environments. available
AOCs are a fraction of the cost of buying transceivers and optical cables separately. from HP
are:
HP BladeSystem c-Class 40G QSFP+ to QSFP+ 7m AOC
HP BladeSystem c-Class 40G QSFP+ to QSFP+ 10m AOC
HP BladeSystem c-Class 40G QSFP+ to QSFP+ 15m AOC

Virtual Connect Fibre Channel modules


Figure 3-15 shows the specifications of the HP Virtual Connect 8Gb 20-Port and 24-Port Fibre
Channel modules.
Figure 3-15. Specifications of two Virtual Connect Fibre Channel modules
The Virtual Connect 8Gb 20-port Fibre Channel Module The Virtual Eight SAN-
offers enhanced Virtual Connect capabilities, allowing up to Connect 8 Gb/24- facing ports and
128 VMs running on the same physical server to access port Fibre Channel 16 server ports
separate storage resources. Provisioned storage resource is Module has the help reduce
associated directly to a specific VM, even if the virtual highest port density oversubscription
server is relocated within the BladeSystem. Storage in the Virtual for high-
management of VMs is no longer limited by the single Connect Fibre throughput
physical HBA on a server blade. SAN administrators can Channel lineup. applications. In
manage virtual HBAs with the same methods and viewpoint This standards- addition,
of physical HBAs. The Virtual Connect 8Gb 20-port Fibre based module is separate storage
Channel Module for the c-Class BladeSystem is a simple, compatible with resources are
flexible method of connecting to SAN fabrics. The Virtual all other NPIV available for
Connect 8Gb 20-port Fibre Channel Module simplifies standards-based each VMup to
server connections by cleanly separating the server enclosure switch products 255 per server
from SAN, simplifies SAN fabrics by reducing cables enabling high- blade.
without adding switches to the domain, and allows servers to performance and
be changed in just minutes, not days. end-to-end
connections with
core switches.

Other interconnects
Additional interconnect options for BladeSystem solutions include the following devices:
Ethernet blade switches
HP 6125XLG Ethernet Blade SwitchDesigned for the enterprise data center, this switch is
built to deliver 880 Gb of switching performance for the most demanding applications. The
6125XLG Ethernet Blade Switch provides flexibility, versatility, and resiliency, making it the
optimal choice for any blade switching environment.
HP 6125G/XG Ethernet Blade SwitchWith sixteen 1 Gb downlink (server) ports, a
combination of 1 Gb and 10 Gb uplink ports, and a 10 Gb cross-link port, the 6125G/XG
Ethernet Blade Switch reduces cost and increases data center efficiency and capability.
Switches can be combined at the enclosure, rack, or data center level into a single virtual switch
and managed through a single IP address. It delivers excellent investment protection, flexibility,
and scalability for mixed bandwidth applications.
HP 6125G Ethernet Blade SwitchThis switch is ideal for remote office applications or
wherever IPv6, full Layer 3 routing, and distributed trunking are required for 1 Gb applications.
It appeals to budget-conscious data centers that need 1 Gb switching and routing with the
resiliency of IRF, stacking, and the stability of the HP Comware 7 network operating system.
Mellanox SX1018HP Ethernet SwitchThe highest-performing Ethernet fabric solution in a
blade switch form factor, it delivers up to 1.36 Tb/s of non-blocking throughput perfect for high-
performance computing (HPC), storage/Hadoop, telecommunications/carrier, oil/gas, service
provider, financial services, and cloud/hyperscale environments. The SX1018HP Ethernet
Switch is an ultralow-latency switch that is ideally suited as an access switch providing
InfiniBand-like performance, making this switch the perfect solution for any high-performance
Ethernet network.
Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3120 seriesSpecifically designed for a server blade-based
application infrastructure, this switch enables customers to stack up to nine switches into a
single virtual switch. Emulating a redundant top-of-rack (TOR) switch provides an integrated
switching solution that optimizes uplinks per rack, reduces the number of switches managed, and
decreases network complexity.
Cisco Fabric Extender for HP BladeSystemLogically, this switch behaves like a remote line
card to a parent Cisco switch, forming a distributed modular system. It forwards traffic to the
parent switch over eight 10 Gigabit Ethernet uplinks. Downlinks to each server are auto-
negotiating and work with all HP Ethernet and CNA modules, allowing a choice of Ethernet,
FCoE, or iSCSI connections.
SAS switches
HP 6Gb SAS BL Switch for HP BladeSystem c-Class An integral part of HP direct connect
SAS storage, it enables a shared SAS storage solution. The SAS architecture combines an HP
Smart Array controller in each server and the 6Gb SAS BL switches connected to supported HP
storage enclosures for SAS storage. It features an embedded HP Virtual SAS Manager GUI and
command line interface (CLI) used to zone, monitor, and update SAS fabric devices.
Fibre Channel switches
Brocade 16Gb SAN Switch for HP BladeSystem c-ClassAn easy-to-manage embedded Fibre
Channel switch with 16 Gbps Fibre Channel performance, it hot-plugs into the back of the
BladeSystem enclosure. Its integrated design frees up rack space, enables shared power and
cooling, and reduces cabling. Enhanced trunking support with external switches enhances
bandwidth. The switch significantly simplifies the SAN environment, enables easier deployment
and management, and delivers the performance required for greater-throughput applications.
Brocade 8Gb SAN Switch for HP BladeSystem c-ClassSimilar to the Brocade 16Gb SAN
Switch for HP BladeSystem c-Class, this switch delivers 8 Gb/s performance.
InfiniBand switches
HP BLc 4X QDR InfiniBand SwitchThis Quad Data Rate (QDR) switch has 16 downlink
ports to connect up to 16 server blades in a BladeSystem c7000 enclosure and 16 QSFP uplink
ports for inter-switch links or to connect to external servers. All ports are capable of supporting
40Gbps bandwidth; a subnet manager is required.
HP BLc 4X FDR InfiniBand G2 SwitchThis Fourteen Data Rate (FDR) switch provides up to
56 Gb/s full bidirectional bandwidth per port in a blade switch. It doubles server throughput,
providing 4 Tb/s of non-blocking bandwidth with 165 ns port-to-port latency. Available as an
unmanaged or managed switch, it is backward compatible with QDR InfiniBand and reduces
power consumption over previous generations.
Pass-thru modules
HP 10GbE Pass-Thru Module This module is designed for BladeSystem customers who
require a non-blocking, one-to-one connection between each server and the network. The pass-
thru module provides 16 uplink ports that accept both SFP and SFP+ connectors. It can support
1Gb and 10Gb connections on a port-by-port basis. Optical as well as direct-attached copper
(DAC) cables are supported. Standard Ethernet and Converged Enhanced Ethernet traffic to an
FCoE capable switch is possible when using the appropriate NIC or adapter. This solution tends
to be the most expensive and cumbersome method of connection, so it is not recommended for
common usage.
HCA mezzanine cards
HP 4X QDR InfiniBand Dual-Port Mezzanine HCAThis mezzanine card delivers low-
latency and up to 40 Gbps bandwidth for performance-driven server and storage clustering
applications in HPC and enterprise data centers. It is designed for PCIe 2.0 x8 connectors on
BladeSystem server blades.
HP 4X DDR InfiniBand Dual-Port Mezzanine HCAThis mezzanine card delivers low-
latency and up to 20 Gbps bandwidth. Like the QDR HCA, it is based on the Mellanox
ConnectX InfiniBand technology. Parallel or distributed applications running on multi-processor
multi-core servers benefit from the reliable transport connections and advanced multicast
support offered by ConnectX InfiniBand. End-to-end quality of service (QoS) enables
partitioning and guaranteed service levels. Hardware-based congestion control prevents hot
spots from degrading the effective throughput.

Gen9 FlexFabric adapter innovations improve performance and efficiency


H P FlexFabric 20Gb CNAs for BladeSystems (Figure 3-16) remove the 10 Gb bandwidth
restrictions. One FlexFabric 20 Gb adapter equals one 10 Gb adapter plus one 8 Gb HBA and one
extra 2 Gb. It is possible to carve out 8 Gb Fibre Channel bandwidth and have 12 Gb bandwidth
available for other FlexNICs.
Figure 3-16. FlexFabric 20Gb 630 series adapters
FlexFabric adapters simplify, consolidate, and virtualize the server edge for BladeSystem
customers. They provide:
Lower costFlexFabric adapters can save up to 98% on adapter cards, switch ports, and cables
needed to support network and storage traffic.
Support for converged networks with Virtual ConnectVirtual Connect provisions LAN and
SAN connectivity for BladeSystem server blades through administration of media access control
(MAC) and worldwide port names (WWPN) addresses. This allows server administrators to
manage server blades and their connectivity independently, maintaining high availability
connections and securely administering MAC addresses and WWPNs for each server.
Support for FlexFabric and Flex-10FlexFabric adapters support network convergence with
Virtual Connect FlexFabric. Each physical port is virtualized as three NIC ports and one FCoE or
iSCSI port. They also support Flex-10, which allows each 10 Gb port to be divided into four
physical NICs to optimize bandwidth allocation for virtualized servers.
The advantages are:
Improved performance
Greater server efficiency with VMware and Hyper-V by offloading host packet processing
High-performance Ethernet networking and FCoE/iSCSI storage I/O
Balanced system matching networking performance with server CPU performance
Advanced storage offload processing, freeing up the server CPU cycles that can be allocated to
other application requirements
Reduced CapEx and OpEx
Twice the performance without doubling the budget
FCoE or remote direct memory access (RDMA) over converged Ethernet on a single wire
More VMs on one link
Reduced complexity
Converged fabric
10 Gb bandwidth restrictions between server blades and their storage removed
Reduced cabling

HP FlexFabric 20Gb 2-port 650 Adapter


HP FlexFabric 650 adapters (Figure 3-17) were introduced with ProLiant Gen9 server blades. They
offer a rich set of offload technologies including overlay network tunneling and storage as well as
RDMA over Converged Ethernet (RoCE) capabilities that increase host efficiency and virtualization
performance.
Figure 3-17. FlexFabric 650FLB and FlexFabric 650M adapters
In addition to supporting the features of current FlexFabric 20Gb 2-port The Customers
630 adapters, the FlexFabric 650 series adapter converge FCoE or RoCE FlexFabric choose
traffic with data center LAN traffic. These adapters also support virtual650 FlexFabric
extensible LAN (VXLAN)/network virtualization using Generic Routing adapters 650
Encapsulation (NVGRE) tunnel offloading to reduce the CPU load on the can be used adapters
server and improve IT service delivery, reduce costs, and deliver greaterfor both 10 because
data center efficiency. Gb and 20 the
Gb adapters:
connections.
Can simplify the infrastructureFlexFabric 650 adapters deliver faster services by converging
FCoE or RoCE with LAN traffic on a single Ethernet wire. Infrastructure can be simplified through
eliminating hardware, reducing operational and acquisition costs.
Improve performance of overlay networking with tunnel offload on a 20 GbE adapter (VXLAN
and NVGRE)FlexFabric 650 adapters use tunnel offload to take full advantage of overlay
networking investment. They increase the scale of virtual LANs (VLANs) beyond the traditional
limit of 4,096 and simplify network services provisioning. Using RoCE with Hyper-V Live
Migration, customers can reduce migration times and improve server utilization, giving them
flexibility to address dynamic workloads. In addition, these adapters offer improvements in
input/output operations per second (IOPs) and small packet performance.
Deliver IT services efficientlyCPU and power consumption can be reduced using tunnel offload.
In addition, RoCE allows faster data transfer and low latency.

Transitioning Gen8 to Gen9 FlexibleLOM for server blades


Figure 3-18 shows the transition path for ProLiant Gen8 customers who want to take advantage of
Gen9 FlexibleLOM technologies.

Figure 3-18. Transitioning Gen8 to Gen9 FlexibleLOM for server blades

Transitioning Gen8 to Gen9 mezzanine cards for server blades


Figure 3-19 shows the transition path for ProLiant Gen8 customers transitioning from Gen8 mezzanine
cards to Gen9 technologies.
Figure 3-19. Transitioning Gen8 to Gen9 mezzanine cards for server blades

Capabilities and compatibilities


HP Ethernet 20Gb 2-port 650 Series Adapters are supported on:
HP ProLiant BL460c Gen9 Server Blade
6125XLG Ethernet Blade Switch
Virtual Connect FlexFabric-20/40 F8 Module
Virtual Connect Flex-10/10D Module
Figure 3-20 shows the features of the Virtual Connect FlexFabric 20/40 F8 Module, the Virtual
Connect Flex-10/10D Module, and the 6125XLG Ethernet Blade Switch.

Figure 3-20. Capabilities and compatibilities

Note
The FlexFabric 20/40 F8 module must have Virtual Connect firmware 4.20 or later to
support the features in the table.
The FlexFabric 20/40 F8 module has three licensing options:
Enterprise Edition for BLc7000
c-Class BladeSystem
c-Class BladeSystem for TAA

Note
Trade Agreements Act (TAA) compliance is a US federal government requirement for North
American partners.

The Flex 10/10D module has two licensing options:


c-Class BladeSystem
Enterprise Edition for BLc7000

FlexFabric adapters
As shown in Figure 3-21, a FlexFabric adapter presents up to four PFs to an operating system or
hypervisor in a Virtual Connect environment. The adapters allow flexible personality definition for
networking and storage protocols. All four connections can have their hardware personalities defined
as FlexNICs to support only Ethernet traffic. One of the PFs can also be defined as an FCoE or iSCSI
adapter for iSCSI boot protocol support. However, only one storage protocol offload can be used at a
time. The same protocol must be used on both ports of the adapter.

Figure 3-21. FlexFabric adapter architecture


A single lane (downlink) of 20 GbE for each adapter port serves one to four FlexNICs or one to
three FlexNICs and one FlexHBA. Each server port connects to a different interconnect bay (odd,
even) based on the hard-wired BladeSystem design.

FlexNICs and FlexHBA traffic


Although FlexNICs share the same physical port, traffic flow for each is isolated with its own MAC
address and FlexNIC VLAN tags, as shown in Figure 3-22. Each FlexNIC can be mapped to one or
more Virtual Connect networks (VLANs) and isolate data traffic by using VLAN tags.

Figure 3-22. FlexNICs and FlexHBA traffic


The operating system sees each PF on the FlexFabric adapter as a conventional hardware NIC,
Fibre Channel HBA, or iSCSI HBA device. Each PF advertises its VLAN assignment as designated
by the server profile. The advertised device type and VLAN assignment steers individual traffic
classes to the appropriate PF (PF1, PF2, PF3, or PF4) on the FlexFabric adapter.

Flex-10 for high availability


In an active/standby configuration, as shown on the left side of Figure 3-23, a single Virtual
Connect network is created using ports from two different FlexFabric modules. Virtual Connect uses
the ports from one module or the other but not both simultaneously. If the active Virtual Connect
module fails, the standby module takes over.
Figure 3-23. Flex-10 in high availability configurations
In an active/active configuration, as In an active/active configuration, High levels of north-
shown on the right side of Figure 3- failure of an upstream switch or south traffic are well
23, two different Virtual Connect uplink is communicated all the way to served by an
networks are created, with each the server operating system or active/active design
network using uplink ports from a hypervisor, and the traffic would be because all uplinks are
single FlexFabric module. Both of sent through the other NIC in the team active. High levels of
these networks could be used instead. In active/standby, Virtual east-west (server-to-
simultaneously, but if NIC teaming Connect would just route the traffic server) traffic, like
is set to active/passive or failover, through the other module using traffic in multi-tier
only one NIC receives and stacking links and would use the applications, are well
transmits, so traffic is limited to the uplinks from the other module. The served by
uplinks from the I/O slot for that operating system/hypervisor would active/standby design
NIC. If one of the active Virtual not need to know about the upstream because this minimizes
Connect modules fails, the switch failure; the failover is handled the amount of server-
remaining module continues to at the Virtual Connect level. to-server traffic
operate. leaving the enclosure.

Step 4: Select the blades


The next step in the process is to select the server blades (Figure 3-24) that meet the needs of the
workload. ProLiant server blades are available in two series:
Figure 3-24. ProLiant BL server blades
ProLiant BL400 series (half-height)
ProLiant BL600 series (full-height)

ProLiant server blade family: BL400 series


The ProLiant BL400 series server blade family (Figure 3-25) includes:
Figure 3-25. ProLiant BL400 series
HP ProLiant BL420c Gen8Offers breakthrough server blade economics for essential enterprise
workloads.
HP ProLiant BL460c Gen9Delivers the ideal balance of performance, scalability, and
expandability, making it the standard for dense data center computing.
HP ProLiant BL465c Gen8Offers unprecedented performance, enhanced flexibility, and
simplified management. It is ideal for virtual workloads, and it is flexible enough for any
application.

Note
The number of applications, VMs, and users determines the number of server blades needed.
Together with HP channel partners, HP can help with the choice of the right number of
blades with solution-sizing tools and expertise. In addition, ActiveAnswers is an online
resource with a variety of tools to help with the decision-making process.

Note
Visit http://hp.com/go/activeanswers for more information on the ActiveAnswers.

V i s i t http://www8.hp.com/us/en/prodserv/serverbuyingguide/overview.html for more


information on the server buying guide.

ProLiant server blade family: BL600 series


The ProLiant BL600 Series server blade family (Figure 3-26) includes:
Figure 3-26. ProLiant BL600 series
HP ProLiant BL620c G7Provides an ideal combination of extensive scalability and
performance, allowing customers to do more with a two-processor server
HP ProLiant BL660c Gen8Offers a four-socket dense form factor without compromising on
performance, scalability, or expandability
HP ProLiant BL680c G7Offers the worlds first ultra-terabyte memory four-socket blade,
providing maximum performance and unparalleled expansion
HP ProLiant BL685c G7Provides cost-effective, dense four-socket computing for virtualization
and compute-intensive applications

Note
V i s i t http://www8.hp.com/us/en/products/proliant-servers/index.html?facet=ProLiant-BL-
Blade for more information on HP server blades.

HP ProLiant BL460c Gen9 Server Blade


The HP ProLiant BL460c Gen9 Server Blade (Figure 3-27) is the latest addition to the ProLiant
server blade family. Powered by Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 series processors, the ProLiant BL460c
Gen9 server blade delivers performance, scalability, and economics for the converged data center.
The Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors provide:
Figure 3-27. ProLiant BL460c Gen9 Server Blade
Up to 70% better performance over previous generations
Up to 18 cores
Flexible internal storage controller options help customers strike the right balance between
performance and price, helping to reduce overall TCO. Customers can choose among the following
controllers:
Standard HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i, which provides low-cost chipset SATA
Performance-optimized HP H244br Smart HBA
HP Smart Array P244br for additional performance features including a 1 GB flash backed write
cache (FBWC)
Additional features of the H244br and P244br controllers include:
Improved ease of use with HP Smart Storage Administrator (SSA), which provides a simple
comprehensive utility to manage, configure, and diagnose the attached storage
Increased I/O speeds with 12Gb/s SAS, allowing internal storage scalability while protecting data
Maximum reliability with controller-based encryption through HP Secure Encryption. Data at rest is
protected on any bulk storage attached to a Smart Array controller.

ProLiant BL460c Gen9 server blade positioning


Designed for a wide range of configuration and deployment options, the ProLiant BL460c Gen9
server blade provides customers with the flexibility to enhance core IT applications with right-sized
storage for the right workload, which results in lower TCO. The ProLiant BL460c Gen9 adapts to
many demanding blade environments, including virtualization, IT and web infrastructure,
collaborative systems, cloud, and HPC.
Figure 3-28 illustrates how the ProLiant BL460c Gen9 server blade is mapped to customer
segments, apps, and workloads.
Figure 3-28. ProLiant BL460c Gen9 server blade positioning

ProLiant server blade model transitions


Figure 3-29 shows the transition path for customers to take when transitioning from ProLiant G6, G7,
and Gen8 server blades to ProLiant Gen9 server blades.

Figure 3-29. ProLiant server blade model transitions

HP storage blades
HP offers storage solutions designed to fit inside the BladeSystem enclosure, as well as external
expansion for virtually unlimited storage capacity. HP storage blades offer flexible expansion.
Models include:
HP D2200sb Storage Blade (Figure 3-30)Delivers direct-attached storage for ProLiant Gen8
and later server blades with support for up to 12 hot-plug small form factor (SFF) SAS or SATA
midline hard disk drives (HDDs) or SAS/SATA solid-state drives (SSDs). The enclosure
backplane provides a PCIe connection to an adjacent server blade and enables high-performance
storage access without any additional cables.

Figure 3-30. D2200sb Storage Blade


The D2220sb features an onboard Smart Array P420i controller with 2 GB FBWC for increased
performance and data protection. Up to eight D2220sb storage devices can be supported in a single
BladeSystem c7000 enclosure for 115.2 TB of maximum capacity.
HP X3800sb G2 Network Storage Gateway Blade Is used to access Fibre Channel, SAS, or
iSCSI SAN storage, translating file data from the server into blocks for storage to provide
consolidated file, print, and management hosting services in a package that can be clustered. Built
on the ProLiant BL460c server blade, the X3800sb G2 Network Storage Gateway Blade is a
ready-to-deploy SAN gateway solution and ships with Microsoft Storage Server 2008, Enterprise
x64 Edition preinstalled. The HP Rapid Start-up Wizard accelerates new deployments by walking
IT through basic system settings step-by-step. The X3800sb G2 Network Storage Gateway Blade
also includes a Microsoft Cluster Server license and Microsoft iSCSI Software Target.
The HP X1800sb G2 Network Storage Blade Is a flexible storage server solution for
BladeSystem environments. The flexibility of the X1800sb G2 Network Storage Blade extends to
external storage as well. It can be used as a low-cost SAN gateway to provide consolidated file-
serving access to Fibre Channel, SAS, or iSCSI SANs.
HP Direct Connect SAS Storage for HP BladeSystemExtends and redefines direct-attached
storage for BladeSystem servers. Local storage can be built with zoned storage, or low-cost
shared storage can be enabled within the rack using high-performance 3 Gb/s SAS architecture. By
combining the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of direct-attached storage with the flexibility and
resource utilization of a SAN, Direct Connect SAS Storage gives server administrators a simple
in-rack zoned direct-attached SAS storage solution that is ideal for growing capacity requirements.
The SAS architecture consists of a Smart Array P700m controller in each server and 3 Gb SAS BL
switches connected to HP 600 Modular Disk System or HP 2000sa Modular Smart Arrays. The
simplicity of SAS results in a very low cost per GB, enabling low-cost zoned or shared storage.

Creating an iSCSI SAN with HP StoreVirtual VSA on a D2220sb


HP StoreVirtual VSA turns the D2220sb into a scalable and robust iSCSI SAN for use by all servers
in the enclosure and any server on the network. It features storage clustering for scalability, network
RAID for storage failover, thin provisioning, snapshots, remote replication, and cloning.
Customers can expand capacity within the same enclosure or to other BladeSystem enclosures by
adding more D2220sb storage blades and StoreVirtual VSA licenses. A cost-effective bundle of the
D2220sb storage blade and a StoreVirtual VSA license makes purchasing convenient. If storage
needs to be increased, customers can add HP P4300 G2 or P4500 G2 storage systems externally and
manage everything through a single pane of glass.

HP Ultrium tape blades


HP Ultrium tape blades (Figure 3-31) are ideal for BladeSystem customers who need a complete data
protection, disaster recovery, and archiving solution. These half-height tape blades provide direct-
attached data protection for the adjacent server and network backup protection for all data residing
within the enclosure.
Figure 3-31. Ultrium SB3000c Tape Blade
Each Ultrium tape blade solution ships standard with HP Data Protector Express The
Software Single Server Edition software. In addition, each tape blade supports HP One- following
Button Disaster Recovery (OBDR), which allows quick recovery of the operating models
system, applications, and data from the latest full backup set. Ultrium tape blades are the are
industrys first tape blades and are developed exclusively for BladeSystem enclosures. available:
HP SB3000c Tape Blade
HP SB1760c Tape Blade

HP LTO Ultrium tape drives


Designed for midrange markets, the HP LTO Ultrium tape drives set the standards for capacity,
performance, manageability, and security. HP LTO Ultrium tape drives represent five generations of
LTO tape drive technology and are capable of storing up to 3 TB per cartridge.

HP BladeSystem PCI Expansion Blade


The HP BladeSystem PCI Expansion Blade (Figure 3-32) fits into a half-height device bay and
provides PCI card expansion slots to an adjacent server blade. This blade expansion unit uses the
midplane to pass standard PCI signals between adjacent enclosure bays, so customers can add up to
two off-the-shelf PCI-X or PCIe cards. The PCI expansion blade and its PCI boards are managed by
the adjacent server blade and its operating system.

Figure 3-32. BladeSystem PCI Expansion Blade


Customers need one PCI expansion blade for each server blade that requires PCI card expansion.
Any third-party PCI card that works in ProLiant ML and ProLiant DL servers should work in this
PCI expansion blade.

Note
HP does not offer any warranty or support for third-party PCI-manufactured products.

HP ProLiant WS460c Gen8 Graphics Server Blade


The HP ProLiant WS460c Gen8 Graphics Server Blade (Figure 3-33) allows the customer to
centralize its organizations workstations at a lower cost per seat and with the performance users
expect. Locating the graphics server blade in the data center makes it more easily, securely, and
economically managed. The results are improved uptime and business continuity, enhanced data
center security, and reduced IT costs.

Figure 3-33. ProLiant WS460c Gen8 Graphics Server Blade


This graphics server blade has The ProLiant WS460c Gen8 The ProLiant The
comprehensive graphics graphics server blade has WS460c Gen8 ProLiant
acceleration capabilities for VDI two options for the base graphics server blade WS460c
and provides up to 60% cost blade configuration: the base workstation Gen8
reduction per seat compared to single-width base blade or blade provides a graphics
previous generation configurations. double-width blade with high-performance PC server
It is ideal for high-end graphics graphics expansion. The base experience to users blade
users with computing environments blade supports up to two over the network offers
that require the use of high- MXM style graphics cards using one of the support
performance graphics applications, installed on the blade industry-standard for:
including financial trading, mezzanine slots. The remote protocols
computer-aided design (CAD), web expansion blade allows full- such as Citrix HDX
design, education, public sector, oil size high-end graphics cards 3D, VMware PCoIP,
and gas, and healthcare. to be installed. and Microsoft
RemoteFX.
Multiple operating systems (including client and server operating systems)
Intel Xeon E5-2600 v2 and E5-2600 product family
AMD FirePro S4000X mezzanine graphics card with 2 GB memory for versatile and
high-performance 3D graphics
PCIe Gen3 on the host, PCIe Gen2 on the expansion slot
Up to six displays with a single card in a compact MXM-A form factor
Dual-card configuration to drive more than six displays

Step 5: Select the storage infrastructure


Connect to external HP SAN, NAS, and backup solutions or put storage solutions inside the
BladeSystem enclosure, side by side with server blades, to quickly expand storage and extend data
protection without adding a single cable.
ProLiant server and BladeSystem technology are foundational elements of the HP Converged
Storage architecture. As shown in Figure 3-34, storage infrastructure options include:

Figure 3-34. Three categories of storage infrastructure from HP


D2220sb storage blade for on-system storage
HP P4800 SAN for BladeSystem for on-network storage
HP 3PAR StoreServ Storage for on-cloud storage
Other HP storage options include:
StoreVirtual Storage
StoreOnce Backup
StoreAll Storage
Built on modular, industry-standard hardware, scale-out federated software, and integrated
management, Converged Storage delivers the simplicity, efficiency, and agility you need to support
virtualization, the cloud, and todays proliferation of data. Add further efficiency and IT agility with
streamlined storage and networking solutions. Many 3PAR StoreServ storage solutions can be
directly connected to FlexFabric modules with HP Flat SAN direct-attached technology, to help
reduce infrastructure and multi-tier storage solution complexity.

Converged and collapsed infrastructure with Flat SAN


Virtual Connect Flat SAN technology provides the industrys first direct-attached connection to
Fibre Channel storage that does not require dedicated Fibre Channel switches. As shown in Figure
3-35, with Flat SAN, you can connect 3PAR StoreServ storage systems directly to the Virtual
Connect FlexFabric module without an intermediate SAN fabric. The SAN is not eliminated, but is
created by the switch-on-a-chip technology inside the FlexFabric module and is managed through
Virtual Connect Manager.

Figure 3-35. Virtual Connect Flat SAN technology and 3PAR StoreServ Storage
Storage solutions usually Because the Flat SAN solution Flat SAN technology It also
include components such as allows you to connect directly minimizes latency simplifies
server HBAs, SAN switches to 3PAR StoreServ Storage, it between servers and management
and directors, optical reduces the number of storage by by enabling
transceivers and cables, and components, lowers latency, eliminating the need you to use
storage systems. The number of and speeds provisioning. It for multi-tier SANs. Virtual
components causes concern also simplifies connection Designed for virtual Connect
among customers about management by enabling you to and cloud Manager
management and efficiency. wire once and then add, move, workloads, this and
Moreover, different and change network solution reduces OneView
components require different connections to thousands of storage networking through a
tools, such as SAN fabric servers in minutes instead of costs and enables single pane
management, storage days from one console without faster provisioning of glass.
management (for each type of affecting your LAN and SAN. compared to
storage), and HBA competitive
management. offerings.

Step 6: Select the infrastructure management


HP infrastructure management is delivered through a complete portfolio of ProLiant server lifecycle
management capabilities that can flexibly operate from embedded on-system utilities, on-premise
software-defined data centers, and from the cloud (Figure 3-36). The HP software-defined approach
to infrastructure provisioning leverages a template-based, profile-driven approach that dramatically
improves the speed with which customers deploy servers, storage, and network infrastructure.
Figure 3-36. Three categories of HP infrastructure management
Managing ProLiant servers with HP infrastructure management results in increased efficiency and
precise control of server infrastructure resources. With a rich set of capabilities that are easy to
access and simple to use, HP infrastructure management covers critical areas such as server
deployment and configuration, health and alerting, power and remote management, automated
support, and warranty and contract status and control through a cloud-based portal. The core
components of HP infrastructure management are OneView, HP iLO Management, and HP Insight
Online.

Onboard Administrator
The Onboard Administrator for BladeSystem enclosures (Figure 3-37) is the intelligence of the
BladeSystem infrastructure. Together with the enclosures display (HP Insight Display), the Onboard
Administrator has been designed for both local and remote administration of BladeSystem enclosures.

Figure 3-37. Onboard Administrator


This BladeSystem feature provides wizards for:
Simple, fast setup and configuration
Highly available and secure access to the BladeSystem infrastructure
Security roles for server, network, and storage administrators
Agentless device health and status
Thermal Logic power and cooling information and control
Each enclosure ships When two Onboard Administrator modules are present in a BladeSystem
with one Onboard enclosure, they work in an active/standby mode, assuring full redundancy
Administrator module. with integrated management. Either module can be the active module. The
A customer can order a other becomes the standby module. Configuration data is constantly
second redundant replicated from the active Onboard Administrator module to the standby
Onboard Administrator Onboard Administrator module, regardless of the bay in which the active
module for each module currently resides.
enclosure.

Insight Display
The LCD panel on the front of the BladeSystem enclosure houses the Insight Display (Figure 3-38) for
initial configuration of the enclosure. After the initial configuration has been performed, the Onboard
Administrator can be used for ongoing monitoring and management of the enclosure and its
components.

Figure 3-38. Enclosure Settings menu


The BladeSystem Insight Display panel is designed for configuring and troubleshooting when
standing next to the enclosure in a rack. It provides a quick visual view of enclosure settings and at-
a-glance health status. Green indicates that everything in the enclosure is properly configured and
running within specification.

Main Menu
From the Insight Display Main Menu, users can navigate to the submenus, which include:
Health Summary
Enclosure Settings
Enclosure Info
Blade or Port Info
Turn Enclosure UID on
View User Note

Converged management with OneView


T o manage an IT infrastructure effectively, customers need one management platform with one
approach to the entire infrastructure, including compute, storage, and the network. OneView provides
this single management platform (Figure 3-39).

Figure 3-39. Converged management with OneView


OneView can be used to automate the deployment and ongoing management of BladeSystem
environments. The OneView dashboard provides an easy-to-understand status summary of servers,
storage pools, and enclosures. Color-coded icons indicate which systems are functioning properly
and which ones need help. Features include:
One platform manages BladeSystem and 3PAR StoreServ storage.
Customizable templates that define infrastructure services, enabling the delivery of IT services in a
fast, repeatable, and reliable manner, at lower cost and with fewer errors.
Profiles and groups capture best practices and policies. Profiles and groups can be created once and
rolled out to as many enclosures, servers, and storage arrays as needed to increase productivity
and ensure compliance and consistency.
Visualized connections between infrastructure elements enable IT staff to better understand the
impact of hardware faults or performance bottlenecks.
OneView creates a closed-loop automation hub with consistent, industry-standard application
program interfaces (APIs), a uniform data model, and a subscription-based message bus. IT staff can
automate deployment of multiple enclosures, blades, storage, and networking programmatically
using the industry-standard REST API or a choice of PowerShell and Python language bindings.
With OneView automation capabilities, it is possible to:
Inform multiple management tools or systems administrators of changes to the infrastructure managed
by OneView
Quickly react to environmental changes by deploying or updating resources, updating asset
management records, or automatically creating service tickets
Enable virtualization administrators to automate control of all HP resourceswith no detailed
knowledge of each devicethrough integration with VMware vCenter and VMware vCenter
Operations and Microsoft System Center

Orchestration across the infrastructure


OneView improves operational efficiency by taking the personality of a server and putting it in
software. The resulting server profile contains all of the configuration information necessary to
instantiate the server, including connections to storage and associated addresses and connections to
networking devices and associated addresses (Figure 3-40).
Figure 3-40. OneView orchestration
OneView provides orchestration across the infrastructure by enabling you to:
Visualize the data center for planning
Manage and provision hardware, software, and firmware
Implement changes faster

New call center system deployed overnight


The advantages of OneView are demonstrated by a scenario (Figure 3-41) in which a customer
scheduled a large upgrade project to a new call recording system for its customer service
representatives. The project involved 12 data centers, and previous upgrades took 66 days.
Figure 3-41. New call center system deployed overnight
With the help of OneView software-defined templates and The upgrade process was handled
open-scripting capabilities to automate the entire project, quickly, and the customer is benefitting
the customer executed the upgrade tasks across all 12 data from greater efficiency in its operations,
centers simultaneously and the job was completed which, in turn, lead to a better
overnight. experience for users.

HP Insight Online
HP Insight Online is The Insight Online is Through the Support Center, Insight
a cloud-based management designed for IT Online can automatically display devices
infrastructure capabilities staff who deploy, remotely monitored by HP (Figure 3-42).
management and built into manage, and Insight Online provides a personalized
support portal ProLiant support systems, dashboard for simplified tracking of IT
available through Gen8 and as well as for HP operations and support information from
the HP Support Gen9 servers Authorized anywhere, at any time. Customers can use
Center and powered seamlessly Partners who the Insight Online dashboard to track
by HP remote integrate with support IT service events and support cases, view
support technology, Insight Online infrastructure. device configurations, and proactively
including Insight direct connect Using this portal monitor HP contracts, warranties, and HP
Online direct and Insight saves time, Proactive Care Service credit balances.
connect and Insight Remote reduces
Remote Support v7. Support 7.0 complexity, and
and later. helps ensure
uptime.
Figure 3-42.Insight Online
Insight Online provides all-in-one After installing HP remote support tools and registering
secure access to the information with Insight Online, HP Proactive Care Service assists IT
needed to support devices in the IT staff in proactively supporting infrastructure, providing
environment with standard warranty quick access to support experts, and preventing problems
and contract services. before they occur.

Step 7: Select power and cooling configurations


As shown in Figure 3-43, a BladeSystem c7000 enclosure provides the power, cooling, and I/O
infrastructure needed to support modular server, interconnect, and storage components.
Figure 3-43. Active Cool 200 Fan and BladeSystem c7000 Enclosure
Power is HP Power Regulator Thermal The Cooling is HP Intelligent
delivered through gives you a tool to Logic capacity of provided by a Series Racks
a pooled-power increase server technology the server minimum of with the
backplane, and efficiency and free up minimizes blades in four Active Location
power input cooling and power power the data Cool 200 Discovery
flexibility is resources. This lets consumption center can Fans. You can option
provided with a you use and reduces be add up to six installed
choice of single- power/cooling cooling. HP doubled more fans for provide
phase high-line resources where you Intelligent with HP additional detailed
AC, three-phase need them the most. It Infrastructure Dynamic capacity. location
high-line AC, lets you manage technology Power These fans information to
single-phase processor power combines Capping provide ProLiant
high-voltage AC, consumption and energy- delivered adaptive flow Gen8 servers
-48V DC, or system performance to efficient through for maximum and
high-voltage DC. meet business needs. design with OneView. power BladeSystem
The power Power-state decisions accurate ProLiant efficiency, air c7000
supplies are made in Dynamic measurement servers movement, Platinum
designed to be Power Savings mode and control enable and acoustics. enclosures to
highly efficient take into account all all without Dynamic The enclosure track new
and self-cooling. processor activity. sacrificing Power architecture is installations
Single- or three- Power Regulator performance. Savings designed to and
phase enclosures determines CPU mode by draw air equipment
and N+N or N+1 utilization by reading default to through the moves. Upon
redundancy yield a performance event provide interconnect installation,
the best counter residing significant, bays. This the servers
performance per within the processor. out-of-the- allows the iLO queries
watt. box power interconnect and records
savings. modules to be the rack
smaller and identifier as
less complex. well as the
exact U
location of
the server in
the rack.

Step 8: Select the services


HP Technology Services consulting and support can help customers achieve maximum benefits from
their server technology. Technology Services delivers confidence by helping customers prevent
problems, reduce risk, solve problems faster, and realize agility and stability as they deploy and
operate new technology.
HP offers two versions of HP Proactive Care Services for BladeSystem servers, each with flexible
hardware and software coverage windows and response times.
Proactive Care leverages innovative HP remote support technology to help prevent problems and
provide rapid access to expertise to stabilize IT.
Proactive Care Advanced is designed to support servers running business-critical IT. This service
expands on the Proactive Care Service by providing localized account managers who work with
the customers IT staff to keep systems in peak performance, manage critical events, and quickly
address complex issues.
HP Foundation Care is an economical alternative that provides hardware and software support with
a simplified choice of coverage windows and response times. This support coverage includes
collaborative call management for assistance with leading x86 operating system software.
HP Datacenter Care offers the most flexible service. It supports the entire IT environment to provide
the right mix of enhanced call management, proactive services, and hardware and software
assistance to manage a solution holistically for maximum control, performance, and simplicity.
HP Education Services helps address the challenge of managing costs and resources while keeping
up with the latest technology. Education Services provides IT professionals, enterprise businesses,
and end users with the highest quality, most comprehensive technical and business education
services and expertise using advanced technologies.

The market views HP as the leader


As shown i n Figure 3-44, in Gartners 2013 Server Blade Magic Quadrant, HP is the leader for
completeness of vision and ability to execute. Gartner has identified HP as a market leader for its
commitment to innovation, partnerships, and solutions:
Figure 3-44. HP market leadership
HP is building on its strong investment in management tools that already enable a single point of
management across physical and virtual infrastructures (and across rack-based servers and server
blades), with plans to extend this to common tools across compute, storage, and networking.
HP blade and multi-node chassis options address diverse market requirements, including data
center, workgroup/departmental/branch, mission-critical availability, extreme scale-out, and
hyperscale.
HP is committed to blade innovation, particularly regarding Virtual Connect and FlexFabric virtual
I/O solutions, cooling, infrastructure auto-provisioning, blade aggregation, and fabric-enabled
infrastructure convergence.

Note
Gartner Magic Quadrant for Server Blades, April 2013, ID Number: G00250031 was
published by Gartner, Inc. as part of a larger research document and should be evaluated in
the context of the entire document. The Gartner document is available upon request from HP.
Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product, or service depicted in its research
publications and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the
highest ratings. Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartners research
organization and should not be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all
warranties, expressed or implied, with respect to this research,including any warranties of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. What is meant by the HP Power of One?


a. One automated process for deploying new applications
b. One device for every purpose
c. One server line for every use case
d. One management platform and a single infrastructure

2. What are the key components of Virtual Connect solutions? (Select three.)
a. FlexFabric modules
b. SAS switches
c. Fibre Channel modules
d. BladeSystem servers with FlexFabric LOMs or FLBs
e. InfiniBand modules
f. Blade switch modules

3. Which statement describes an attribute of a Flex-10 high availability active/active configuration?


a. If an upstream switch or uplink fails, Virtual Connect routes the traffic through the other module
by using stacking links.
b. Virtual Connect uses the ports from one Virtual Connect module or the other but not both
simultaneously.
c. Two different Virtual Connect networks are created, with each network using uplink ports from a
single Virtual Connect module.
d. A single Virtual Connect network is created using ports from two different Virtual Connect
modules.

4. Which ProLiant BL600 Series server blade was the first ultra-terabyte memory four-socket blade?
a. ProLiant BL620c G7
b. ProLiant BL660c Gen8
c. ProLiant BL680c G7
d. ProLiant BL685c G7

5. On a FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module, which ports can be configured as 40 Gb Ethernet or 4x10 Gb


Ethernet per port?
a. Ports X1 through X4
b. Ports X5 through X6
c. Ports X7 through X8
d. Ports Q1 through Q4
6. What does FIP snooping provide?
a. Data center bridging
b. An FCoE path to storage devices
c. Dual-hop FCoE
d. FlexibleLOM support

Answers
1. D is correct. The Power of One refers to one management platform and a single infrastructure.
A, B , and C are incorrect. These statements do not describe the HP concept of the Power of One.
2. A, C, and D are correct. FlexFabric modules, Fibre Channel modules, and BladeSystem servers with FlexFabric LOMs or
FLBs are key components of Virtual Connect solutions.
B , E, and F are incorrect. These components are not part of a Virtual Connect solution.
3. C is correct. In a Flex-10 high availability active/active configuration, two Virtual Connect networks are created, with each
network using uplink ports from a single Virtual Connect module.
A, B , and D are incorrect. These statements do not describe an attribute of a Flex-10 high availability active/active
configuration.
4. C is correct. The ProLiant BL680c G7 was the first ultra-terabyte memory four-socket blade.
A, B , and D are incorrect. A is incorrect because the ProLiant BL620c G7 had up to ten processor cores with up to 1 TB
memory. B is incorrect because the ProLiant BL660c Gen8 has a 12 core processor and up to 1 TB memory. D is incorrect
because the ProLiant BL685c G7 has up to four processors with up to 16 cores each and up to 1 TB memory.
5. D is correct. Ports Q1 through Q4 can be configured as 40 Gb Ethernet or a 4x10 Gb Ethernet per port on a FlexFabric-20/40
F8 module.
A, B , and C are incorrect. These ports cannot be configured as 40 Gb Ethernet or a 4x10 Gb Ethernet per port.
6. B is correct. FIP snooping provides an FCoE path to storage devices.
A, C, and D are incorrect. FIP snooping does not provide data center bridging, dual-hop FCoE, or FlexibleLOM support.
4 Density-Optimized Solutions

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn to:
Describe the features and functions of HP Apollo density-optimized servers
Explain why high-performance computing (HPC) is important
Discuss how case studies demonstrate that Apollo systems offer solutions for service provider and
HPC customers

INTRODUCTION
Chapter 4 begins with an overview of the HP ProLiant SL series servers and then covers Apollo
systems; both these server lines target high-performance computing (HPC) and hyperscale markets.
The chapter takes a closer look at the HP Apollo 6000 system, which has ten hot-swap server trays
and two 1P nodes per tray, and the HP Apollo 8000 system, with its unique water cooling system.
The chapter concludes by providing case studies that show how HP density-optimized solutions serve
the HPC and supercomputing environments.

HP ProLiant SL series servers


HP Scalable Systems deliver leading-edge performance and efficiency for scale-out workloads.
Scalable Systems integrate purpose-built high-performance computing (HPC) compute, storage,
management software, and networking, as well as power and cooling, all based on a standard x86
architecture. As shown in Figure 4-1, the HP ProLiant SL server models in the Scalable Systems
family are:

Figure 4-1. ProLiant SL server family


HP ProLiant SL2500The ProLiant SL2500 Scalable System offers a very dense solution, with up
to four independent HP ProLiant SL210t Gen8 hot-pluggable server nodes in a standard 2U
chassis. Each ProLiant SL210t Gen8 server node can be serviced individually, without impacting
the operation of other nodes sharing the same chassis, to provide increased server uptime.
Each server node harnesses the performance of 1866 MHz memory and dual Intel Xeon E5-2600 v2
processors in a very efficient package that shares both power and cooling. The ProLiant SL2500
provides all the features expected in an enterprise server, with the benefits of being optimized for
efficiency, density, and flexibility.
The ProLiant SL2500 provides twice the density of standard rack servers, freeing up data center floor
space, improving performance while lowering energy consumption, and providing flexible
configurations that fit into existing industry-standard racks.
HP ProLiant SL4500The ProLiant SL4500 Gen8 Scalable System solves the traditional
structured database problems when dealing with big data. Implementing a scale-up infrastructure
results in challenges of data center capacity, spiraling energy costs, infrastructure complexity, and
inefficiencies because todays siloed infrastructure is not optimized for scale-out server
workloads driven by big data. The ProLiant SL4500 Gen8 Scalable System has three server
options in a 4.3U form factor chassis that allows for shared cooling, power, and management.
The ProLiant SL4500 Gen8 Scalable System is a highly efficient converged design that delivers
the right combination of capacity and performance, in the least amount of space and at lower cost,
with reliability and manageability.
ProLiant SL4500 models include:
SL4540 Gen8 1x60
SL4540 Gen8 2x25
SL4540 Gen8 3x15
HP ProLiant SL6500A modular series of dense servers, in a multi-node, high-efficiency 4U
chassis. It is ideal for HPC and extreme density environments. ProLiant SL6500 server models
include:
HP ProLiant SL230s Gen8Up to eight ProLiant SL230s Gen8 nodes, in a 4U modular form
factor, sharing power, cooling and systems management capabilities to achieve lower
operational expense.
HP ProLiant SL250s Gen8Up to four ProLiant SL250s Gen8 nodes, in a 4U modular form
factor. In addition, each node can support up to three graphics processing units (GPUs) or four
additional 2.5 inch hard drives.
HP ProLiant SL270s Gen8Up to two 2U, half-width ProLiant SL270s Gen8 servers, each
individually serviceable. The ProLiant SL270s Gen8 is designed for extreme rack-level GPU
density, with up to 16 GPUs capable of being implemented in one chassis, reducing the
complexity of required adapters and cabling.

HPC is becoming a key to continued business success


HPC customers use IT differently from corporate IT organizations. An HPC customers expenditure
on IT often approaches 90% of the total cost of the business, 10 times that of a corporate IT
organization. And the IT growth rates for a service provider can be many times the IT growth rate of a
corporation. For service providers, IT is the business.
Within HPC, HP customers are continually looking for better performance to design better products
and achieve faster transactions. The main issue for HPC customers is how to get the most
performance possible within their limitations defined by budget, people, and capacitymostly
power capacity, but also floor space and other factors. The key issues being addressed with
ProLiant servers are:
Delivering the next wave of high performance
Overcoming power thresholds
Getting more efficient control over the environment
HPC is firmly linked to economic competitiveness as well as scientific advances. Worldwide,
political leaders increasingly recognize this trend, which enables not only enterprise but also
national competitiveness.
Governments and academia leverage IT to solve the worlds greatest problems (such as curing
genetic illnesses, modeling the impact of climate change, or determining the origin of the universe).
Enterprises of every size want to accelerate the pace of innovationfor example, electronic design
automation for high technology firms, automotive and airplane design, and finding new medication
for diseases.
Researchers are continually trying to solve more and increasingly complex problems, requiring them
to continue to push the performance envelope. Better efficiencies are needed because better
performance requires greater power and more floor space.
Governments, academia, and enterprises need easier access to HPC.
At one time, HPC was regarded as a specialist area, but it is becoming more mainstream, and it is
even becoming key to the continued success of businesses requiring optimal computational
performance, unprecedented reliability, memory, and storage scalability. As illustrated in Figure 4-
2, examples of such business include:

Figure 4-2. HPC benefits a range of industries


Computer-aided engineering (CAE)
Electronic design automation (EDA)
Research and development
Life sciences
Pharmaceutical
Geophysical sciences
Energy research and production
Meteorological sciences
Entertainment
Media production
Visualization and rendering
Government
Academia
Financial services
High-performance HPC solutions for upstream oil and Financial services companies
technology and solutions gas exploration and production enable face the most challenging
speed access to new the industry to meet the increasing analytics and trading
discoveries and global demand for petroleum products. environments in the industry.
treatments in the life and HPC enables simulation and analytical From risk management to high
materials sciences solutions to some of the most vexing frequency trading, IT solutions
industries. They also problems in areas such as need to deliver the
increase research agility, nanotechnology, climate change, performance, efficiency, and
lower costs, and allow renewable energy, neuroscience, agility to maximize the ability
researchers to process, bioinformatics, computational biology, to add or adapt services quickly
store, and interpret and astrophysics. as market conditions change.
petabytes of data.

HP Apollo systems
HP Apollo systems provide rack-scale solutions with high density, optimal performance, power
efficiency, and low total cost of ownership (TCO). The demand for more compute performance for
applications used by EDA, risk modeling, or life sciences is relentless. For customers working with
single-threaded application workloads like these, success depends on optimizing performance with
maximum efficiency and cost-effectiveness, along with easy management for large-scale deployments.
To address those challenges, Apollo systems deliver rack-scale performance, power, and cooling in
less space, so researchers can find answers fast, in a sustainable way. Apollo solutions include:
The air-cooled Apollo 6000 system, which optimizes rack-scale performance for any budget and
makes HPC capabilities accessible to a wide range of enterprise customers
The Apollo 8000 system, which is a supercomputer that combines high levels of processing power
with a warm water-cooled design for ultralow energy usage and recycling
The comprehensive Apollo Services that help make HPC more accessible through financing,
assessment services, deployment, integration, and HP Datacenter Care

Apollo server positioning


Five ProLiant server modules are available for an Apollo solutiontwo for the Apollo 6000 and
three for the Apollo 8000 systems, as shown in Figure 4-3. The HP ProLiant XL220a is a Gen8
server aimed at the entry level. The other four servers all incorporate the technology advances
integrated into the Gen9 server range to offer unparalleled computational capacity for the most
demanding application areas. This range of HPC products allows customers to match their workloads
to the product that best addresses them.
Figure 4-3. Apollo servers mapped to customer segments and workloads

HP Apollo 6000 system features and benefits


With the ability to scale to 20 servers (depending on server trays), the HP Apollo 6000 system
(Figure 4-4) offers ultimate flexibility. Different workloads can be accommodated by using multiple
trays, which can be used for either computingwith standard 1P or 2P server traysor storage with
trays that accept either 10 small form factor (SFF) or four large form factor (LFF) disks and an
additional accelerator tray.

Figure 4-4. Apollo 6000 system


The Apollo 6000 system was designed at rack-scale, with a 5U chassis modular The benefits of
building block, power shelves, and switches. A 48U rack supports up to eight using an
chassis, two 1.5U power shelves, and three switches. Each standard rack chassis is Apollo 6000
5U, with up to 10 independent server trays. system
include:
Leading performance per cost per watt
More performance per cost per watt using 60% less rack space than a competing system, with up
to 20 front-accessible servers in 5U
Rack-scale efficiency
Scale by chassis or rack with a single modular infrastructure
An external power shelf supports up to six chassis to help maximize rack-level energy efficiency
Flexibility to tailor to the workload for lower TCO
Selection of compute, accelerator, storage, and networking, to fit workload needs and cost
requirements

HP Apollo a6000 Chassis


The HP Apollo a6000 Chassis ( Figure 4-5) and the servers it supports are designed for scalability
and efficiency at rack scale with projected TCO savings over three years.

Figure 4-5. Back view


Each Apollo a6000 Chassis is Management is handled at rack Power is delivered T h e chassis
5U tall and offers up to 10 level for the chassis, servers, externally using a ships
server slots per chassis. A and power levels. Depending power shelf that standard with
standard 42U rack can be on the configuration, up to six supports up to six five dual-
populated with up to 140 chassis can pool power. Power chassis with N+1, rotor fans that
single-socket servers. systems incorporate HP N+N, or zero share cooling
Unpopulated slots require a Thermal Logic technology for redundancy. The zones. The
blanking kit. The network I/O lower power consumption. unique HP external fan
module occupies the rear of Each chassis has up to four 12V power shelf assemblies
the system, with up to 10 DC input cables, providing up dynamically provide
network I/O module slots per to 5760 W of power for the allocates power to redundancy
unit. The system is primarily chassis, depending on power help maximize and improved
serviced from the front. supplies. rack-level energy power
efficiency. consumption
and
acoustics.

HP ProLiant XL230a Gen9 Server


Each HP ProLiant XL230a server tray (Figure 4-6) has two 2P servers (Xeon E5-26xx Haswell
series processors), for 20 servers per 5U chassis. Each server tray has 16 x 32 GB DIMMS (512 GB
maximum per server) with four SFF front-loading hot-plug hard disk drives (HDDs) or solid-state
drives (SSDs).

Figure 4-6. Benefits of a ProLiant XL230a Gen9 server


The Innovation Zone at the back of the chassis allows for two flexible local area Key
networks (LANs) on the motherboard (FlexibleLOMs), InfiniBand, 10GbE, 1Gb, four advantages
ports per node. ProLiant XL220a servers can be mixed and matched with ProLiant include:
XL230a servers in the same Apollo a6000 Chassis, to get the right computing power for
the right workload at the right economics.
Leading performance per dollar per watt
Rack-scale efficiency with up to 80 servers per rack
Pooled power supports up to six chassis and HP Advanced Power Manager (APM)
Choice of servers, storage, and networking to meet workload needs and lower TCO
The ProLiant XL230a Gen9 server is ideal for high-performance computing, service providers, or
enterprise customers with workloads/apps: design automation, engineering, seismic processing, risk
modeling, and hosting.

External power shelf


The 1.5U external power shelf (Figure 4-7) is unique to the Apollo 6000 system. It features the same
power supplies as the HP BladeSystem c7000 enclosure and supports up to six power supplies, with
a maximum power of 15.9 kW for the 2650 W power supply option or 14.4 kW for the 2400 W
power supply option. As a result, customers get the right amount of power for their workload and
budget.

Figure 4-7. Apollo 6000 system with external power shelf on top of the chassis
Features of the Apollo power shelf connection for pooled power (no internal power) include:
1.5U tall
Efficient pooled or shared power infrastructure
Capacity for a maximum of six power supplies
Support for N, N+1, or N+N redundancy

Note
One power shelf can support up to three or four fully loaded enclosures, depending on the
power capacity per enclosure.

HP Advanced Power Manager


HP APM ( Figure 4-8) is a 1U rack-level solution for the Apollo 6000 system. APM automatically
discovers hardware components and enables:
Figure 4-8. Advanced Power Manager
Bay-level power on and off
Server metering
Aggregate dynamic power capping
Configurable power-up dependencies and sequencing
Consolidated Ethernet access to all resident HP integrated Lights-Out (iLO) management processors
Asset management capabilities
Command-line interface (CLI) and graphical user interface (GUI) options
APM features rack-level event logging, Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)
authentication, integrated serial concentrator, up to 11 local user accounts, and a read-only service
port. It supports Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), Secure Shell (SSH), Syslogd, and
telnet.
HP Apollo 8000 system features and benefits
The HP Apollo 8000 system ( Figure 4-9) is available with a starting configuration of one HP Apollo
f8000 Rack and one HP Apollo 8000 Intelligent Cooling Distribution Unit (iCDU). With industry-
leading performance density, the Apollo f8000 rack holds up to 144 ProLiant servers with CPU,
accelerator, memory, and networking options in a standard rack footprint.

Figure 4-9. Advancing the science of supercomputing


The Apollo f8000 rack powers HPC Water coming into the rack is HP innovations make
workloads with three-phase high- distributed through manifolds that the Apollo platform
voltage AC, single-stage power split out to thermal bus bars for heat the first and only
rectification, and high-voltage DC transfer from the dry-disconnect water-cooled
distribution. Smart sensors server trays. Water going out of the computing system that
automatically track and dynamically rack features isolation valves and is can be deployed as
adjust system components for optimum aggregated for energy recycling. easily as an air-
efficiency. cooled system:
The power distribution system has a high-voltage AC supply to the rack, a single-stage power
rectification, high-voltage DC distribution within the rack, and a simple DC step-down module
within each tray, eliminating most power conversion steps typically found in a data center. This
power distribution system exceeds Energy Star Platinum certification levels saving ~8% on power
and requires fewer wires, breakers, and distribution panels. It can also be deployed more quickly
than other power systems.
The iCDU hooks up onto a standard 2.5 inch pipe and cools up to six racks. With 320kW per half
rack, the iCDU has been simplified for N+1 redundancy and serviceability. Should there ever be
an issue, instead of dripping water, a vacuum pump would suck air and a variety of sensors would
trigger monitoring systems, so that the unit would automatically redistribute the load in preparation
for dry-disconnect servicing.
Dry-disconnect compute trays have copper heat pipes on the inside and aluminum along the sides
that connects with a thermal bus bar with 1000 lbs of force for thermal transfer of heat.
The modular plumbing is an essential part of the system kit, with compute racks, iCDUs, modular
plumbing, and flexible hoses to quick-connect and be operational within hours or days, not weeks
or months.
Key advantages include:
Greater performance
Leading teraflops per rack for accelerated performance
4X teraflops per sq ft compared to air-cooled systems in rack space
2.12X teraflops/sq ft compared to water-cooled IBM Power 775
2.36X teraflops/per sq ft compared to Cray CS300 LC
More efficient cooling
Industrys only efficient water cooling without the risk
Save 1,217 sq ft compared to air-cooled 1 petaflop system
Save 195 sq ft compared to IBM Power 775
Save 236 sq ft compared to Cray CS300 LC
Less energy consumption
Save up to $1M in energy over five years for each MW of IT in the data center compared to air-
cooled systems.
For the same performance, Apollo 8000 system consumes up to 28% less energy than air-cooled
systems, which consume 2.6 times more energy for facility infrastructure. Air-cooled systems
use up to 1.2 times more MW power per 5.6 petaflop data center.
Save up to 3,800 tons of CO2 per year compared to an air-cooled data center.

Apollo 8000 system


The Apollo 8000 system consists of the following components (Figure 4-10):
Figure 4-10. Apollo 8000 system components
1. One or more Apollo f8000 racks
2. One or more Apollo 8000 iCDU racks and their 3. HP ProLiant 4. Apollo 8000 HVDC
associated onboard CDU control system XL7x0f Gen9 40 KW power shelf
servers
5. Apollo 8000 cooling circuit that connects the individual Apollo 8000 iCDU racks to the facility
water system

Note
There is also a secondary plumbing system that connects the individual Apollo f8000 racks
to the Apollo 8000 iCDU racks. This secondary closed-loop system provides cooling for the
Apollo f8000 rack and isolates it from untreated, potentially incompatible primary water.

6. Rack space for generic IT (22U for server, storage, networking)


7. HP InfiniBand switch for Apollo 8000

Note
A typical compute rack includes eight switches.

8. Apollo 8000 1GbE Ethernet switch


HP ProLiant XL730f Gen9 Server
For ground-breaking research in science and engineering workloads such as climate modeling or
manufacturing simulations, the HP ProLiant XL730f Gen9 Server (Figure 4-11) has two 2P nodes per
tray with up to 144 servers per rack for more performance per Apollo f8000 rack. Each node delivers
performance density with Xeon processors, providing the processing power needed to handle a
variety of demanding workloads.

Figure 4-11. ProLiant XL730f Gen9 server


The server supports The ProLiant XL730f Gen9 server with HP ProActive The ProLiant
up to 256 Gb memory Insight architecture delivers even greater levels of XL730f Gen9
per node, with one configurability for supercomputing environments that require server is
120 GB SSD. One the highest possible performance density and cooling ideal for
high-performance efficiency, with energy recycling. Dry-disconnect server HPC and
Fourteen Data Rate trays provide liquid cooling through sealed copper tubes, scientific
(FDR) InfiniBand port with heat exchange using thermal bus bars in the rack. research and
per server and 1Gb Delivering on the promise of server lifecycle automation, the manufacturing
network interface ProLiant XL730f Gen9 server features the exclusive HP applications.
card (NIC) per server Active Heath System and provides continuous, proactive
enhance connectivity monitoring for more than 1,600 system parameters with zero
and data availability. impact to application performance.

HP ProLiant XL740f Gen9 Server


The HP ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server (Figure 4-12) with two Xeon E5-2600 v3 series processors
supports two integrated Xeon Phi 7120D coprocessors.

Figure 4-12. ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server


The ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server includes:
One 2P server per accelerator tray with Xeon E5-2600 v3 series processors
Two Xeon Phi 7120D coprocessors
Up to 256 GB per server HP DDR4 SmartMemory 2,133 MT/s
One SSD, up to 1.6 TB
One InfiniBand FDR port per server
One GbE NIC per server
No controllers
1200 W input power per tray
Component-level cooling with dry-disconnect server trays
Reusable energy providing additional savings to the overall energy bill
Heat sinks and jackets protect processors and memory, with heat pipes to ensure heat transfer
Hot-plug, independent server trays
HP Server Management and HP Support Management
The ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server is ideal for seismic processing, biochemistry simulations,
weather and climate modeling, image, video and signal processing, computational finance,
computational physics, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), CAE, and data analytics.

HP ProLiant XL750f Gen9 Server


The HP ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server (Figure 4-13) has two Xeon E5-2600 v3 series processors,
and it supports two integrated NVIDIA Tesla K40 XL GPUs.

Figure 4-13. ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server


The ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server includes:
One 2P server per accelerator tray, Xeon E5-2600 v3 series processors
Two NVIDIA Tesla K40 XL GPUs
Up to 256 GB per server HP DDR4 SmartMemory 2,133 MT/s
One SSD, up to 1.6 TB
One InfiniBand FDR port per server
One GbE NIC per server
No controllers
1200 W input power per tray
Component-level cooling with dry-disconnect server trays
Reusable energy providing additional savings to the overall energy bill
Heat sinks and jackets protect processors and memory, with heat pipes to ensure heat transfer
Hot-plug, independent server trays
Server Management and Support Management
Like the ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server, the ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server is ideal for seismic
processing, biochemistry simulations, weather and climate modeling, image, video and signal
processing, computational finance, computational physics, CFD, CAE, and data analytics.

HP Apollo 8000 System Manager


The HP Apollo 8000 System Manager provides environmental rack monitoring and power
management, along with iLO and Advanced Power Manager. It gathers real-time data from hundreds
of smart sensors and environmental controls; server data available with iLO, advanced power
management; and system monitoring, management, and optimization.
System Manager is an integrated infrastructure solution designed to manage and monitor the system.
As illustrated in Figure 4-14, it provides efficient power management with detailed and aggregate
power control and a centralized view of the entire infrastructure. System Manager provides a
comprehensive ecosystem for IT and environment control.

Figure 4-14. Apollo 8000 System Manager

HP Insight Cluster Management Utility


HP Insight Cluster Management Utility (CMU) is an efficient, customizable, and robust hyperscale
cluster lifecycle management framework and suite of tools. It is used for managing operations and
performance of large clusters such as those found in HPC and large-scale data analysis environments.
A simple graphical interface provides a view of the entire cluster across multiple metrics, enables
frictionless scalable remote management and analysis, and allows rapid provisioning of software to
all the nodes of the system.
Additional features include:
Simplified cluster configuration and improved cluster performance through integration with the iLO
Management Engine
3-D time view displays for monitoring health and performance during a selectable window of time
Improved reliability, availability, and serviceability through alert management
Support for concurrent cloning, to improve performance of dynamically scheduled provisioning and
to support rolling upgrades
Connectors for tight integration with other hyperscale productivity software, including Adaptive
Moab, Altair PBS Professional, Mellanox Unified Fabric Manager (UFM), UNIVA Grid Engine,
ScaleMP vSMP, and Ganglia
Insight CMU 7.3 supports HP Moonshot ProLiant m700 server cartridges, ProLiant Gen9 servers,
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI), and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7. It also has
an improved interface for zooming in to view node differences.

Density-optimized solutions customer case studies


HPC accelerates SMBs, creating an environment for academic
and SMB researchers
In their constant quest to build better, safer, and more efficient vehicles, global manufacturers rely
heavily on the latest HPC systems. That is not the case for the many small and midsize businesses
(SMBs) that manufacture components, which typically cannot afford the steep costs of the HPC
clusters and software applications that power complex modeling and simulation work. Today, a
cooperative effort between the Center for Collision Safety and Analysis (CCSA) at George Mason
University and the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS) is working to change this
equation. In 2013, CCSA launched a 12-node cluster system designed by HP engineers working with
NCMS to select the hardware configuration (Figure 4-15).

Figure 4-15. A 12-node cluster system designed by HP for crash and safety analysis
The objective of the solution was to make HPC An initiative like this takes teamwork. The true
clusters available to small to medium-sized strength comes from the pooling of different sets
manufacturers and academia to accelerate of resources and expertise. In this case, CCSA
research into vehicle safety. The cluster is built offered the expertise and data sets for crash and
around an HP ProLiant DL380p head node, and it safety analysis. NCMS brought the expertise and
is powered by 12 HP ProLiant SL230s Gen8 insights into the digital manufacturing needs of
server trays with Xeon Processor E5-2670 in a small and midsize business. And HP offered
ProLiant SL6500 Scalable System. The center insights and technologies for designing and
immediately benefitted from a 25% increase in building HPC clusters that accelerate scientific
per-core performance over its previous system. and engineering discovery.

HP density-optimized solutions: Supercomputing empowering


new research
The University of Minnesota launched the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute (Figure 4-16) shortly
after becoming the first American university to acquire a supercomputer in the early 1980s. Today,
the institute is a world-leading research center with three HPC environments that serve thousands of
users and hundreds of groups around the world. The institute recently deployed its first Apollo 6000
system.

Figure 4-16. Minnesota Supercomputing Institute


The institutes objective was to design a highly The solution that was developed integrated with
flexible environment to accommodate a broad existing storage and networking infrastructures,
range of research fields while boosting boosted performance by a factor of two over
performance. The universitys approach was to competitive HPC solutions, and offered a 4x
engage with HP to use emerging, purpose-built dollar-per-watt over server blades. In addition,
HPC solutions to drive the future of research at there was a 60% space saving compared to
the university. traditional IT solutions.

HP density-optimized solutions: A quantum leap in energy saving


HP worked collaboratively with National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) on their Peregrine
supercomputer (Figure 4-17). The Peregrine, with some minor modifications, is now available as an
Apollo 8000 system solution. This system is a water-cooled supercomputer with four times the
teraflops per square foot than air-cooled systems. Along with that performance density, it uses 28%
less energy than an air-cooled system and can help save up to 3,800 tons of CO2.
Figure 4-17. National Renewable Energy Lab Peregrine System
Better performance densityThe ability to use higher-performance components means you can
create an extremely dense configuration to get teraflops of compute power in a very compact
space. An Apollo 8000 system allows you to get leading teraflops per rack with up to 80 kW of
power (4X 30 A 3ph 480 AC) supporting up to 144 servers per rack.
Better efficiencyBy bringing the heat extraction closer to the processors, you get enhanced
computational performance with liquid cooling that is 1,000x more efficient than air cooling.
Lower costsCooling with water requires less energy, and HP has designed the system so that the
heat generated can be recycled for facilities to further reduce energy usage. In fact, NREL reduced
their power costs by $1 million USD a year.

Note
R&D Magazine recognized NREL and Apollo System as one of the 100 best IT innovations
award recipients for 2014.

Note
Visit https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=9Ih3R84Corg for more
information on the NREL Peregrine System.

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. Which ProLiant SL6500 server supports up to eight nodes in a multi-node 4U chassis?


a. SL210t Gen8
b. SL230s Gen8
c. SL250s Gen8
d. SL270s Gen8

2. What is the maximum number of chassis in an Apollo a6000 system that can be supported by one
external power shelf?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 12

3. A water-cooled Apollo 8000 system consumes how much less energy than air-cooled systems?
a. 16%
b. 28%
c. 44%
d. 82%

Answers
1. B is correct. The SL6500 Scalable System supports up to eight ProLiant SL230s Gen8 nodes.
A, C, and D are incorrect. A is incorrect because the SL210t Gen8 is supported in the SL2500 Scalable System, not the
SL6500 Scalable System. C is incorrect because the ProLiant SL6500 system supports up to four ProLiant SL250s Gen8
nodes. D is incorrect because the SL6500 Scalable System supports up to two ProLiant SL270s Gen8 nodes.
2. C is correct. The Apollo a6000 supports a maximum of six chassis.
A, B, and D are incorrect. Six is the maximum number of chassis in an Apollo a6000 system that can be supported by one
external power shelf.
3. C is correct. According to HP testing, the water-cooled Apollo 8000 system consumes 28% less energy than air-cooled
systems.
A, B, and D are incorrect.
5 HP Moonshot Solutions

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn to:
Explain how the HP Moonshot system addresses modern IT workloads with a new class of
software-defined servers
Identify use cases for Moonshot servers
Identify customer success stories for Moonshot solutions

INTRODUCTION
This chapter begins with a discussion of how the innovative architecture of Moonshot was designed
for massive scale and to be sustainable in terms of power and data center space. Moonshot represents
a major advance in infrastructure design that helps customers scale along without barriers that would
limit growth. The chapter describes the technologies involved in this architecture, including server
cartridges, storage, and networking. It also describes the centralized management of Moonshot
through HP Cloud OS for Moonshot and the HP Insight Cluster Management Utility (CMU). The
chapter concludes by presenting case studies showing Moonshot in production, beginning with a step-
by-step look at how Moonshot was rolled out to host the HP website.

Enabling a new style of IT


Almost anything can be connected to the Internet. Often referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT),
billions of connected devices gather and process information or provide a service while seamlessly
interacting with other data. These things are not just smartphones and tablets but millions of sensors
collecting data and the associated machine-to-machine communications. Powerful processors are
embedded into almost every kind of device. Operating systems for such devices have become small
and powerful enough to facilitate a wide range of functions and interactions.
The IoT Moonshot represents From the beginning, One of the most innovative The
presents a new approach to HP designed the characteristics of the Moonshot
companies server design that Moonshot system to Moonshot system is the system
with new can deliver address the speed, overall architecture. HP enables
ways to drive innovative solutions scale, and took everything that is a customers
market to market at a speed specialization that common resource in a to deliver
differentiation, demanded by the is required for IoT traditional server and more
deepen business while solutions. Before moved it to the Moonshot services
customer achieving extreme the Moonshot 1500 chassis. The power, with less
relationships, scale with optimal system, the only cooling, management, space, less
and deliver efficiency. The option to support fabric, switches, and energy,
growth and different cartridge these new business network uplinks are all less cost,
profitability modules that are requirements was shared across 45 hot- and less
changing how available cover to deploy large pluggable cartridges in a complexity.
consumers and areas of processing, numbers of 4.3U chassis. In effect, Some of
businesses storage, and traditional general- everything is shared except these
interact. The communication to purpose x86 the software-defined features
IoT solutions allow tailored servers. Although portion of the design, and
needed to solutions to match general-purpose which is contained in the benefits are
capitalize on application x86-server community of cartridges. highlighted
these new requirements. A technology, with Software-defined servers i n Figure
opportunities valid analogy would virtualization, are tailored and tuned to 5-1.
require a new be a vehicle provides an provide optimal results at
style of IT. manufacturer who efficient scale for a given workload,
uses a standard infrastructure to from dedicated hosting,
chassis that can be support most data analytics, and web
used to produce a enterprise front-end to more advanced
range of vehicles, applications, it was functions such as graphics
varying from racing never designed for processing units (GPUs),
cars to people massive scale and digital signal processors
carriers, by using therefore is not (DSPs), and field-
different power sustainable in terms programmable gate arrays
units, gear trains, of power and data (FPGAs).
and bodywork. center space.

Figure 5-1. Features of the Moonshot system

HP Moonshot value proposition


As outlined in Figure 5-2, Moonshot offers the following key benefits:

Figure 5-2. Moonshot value proposition


HyperscalingAbility to scale with maximum density with unparalleled power efficiency,
requiring up to 89% less energy, 80% less space, and 77% less cost than traditional servers
(based on HP engineering internal research).
FlexibilityAgility to adapt to changing workloads, to meet continual change.
Optimal resource utilizationLow power consumption per unit of processing power and per unit
of space occupied. Moonshot uses ultralow energy processors, which are derivatives of devices
created for laptops, tablets and cell phones, designed to run all day on a single battery charge.
Integrated platformPre-integrated and managed platform to improve productivity, ease
implementation, and reduce cost of long-term maintenance.
A huge leap forward in infrastructure design
Moonshot is a huge leap forward in infrastructure design that delivers breakthrough efficiency and
scale by aligning just the right amount of compute, memory, and storage to get the work done. The
idea was to replace general-purpose processors with more energy-efficient systems-on-chip (SoCs)
containing integrated accelerators tailored for specific workloads.
Faster innovation and unprecedented scale begins with the Moonshot 1500 chassis (Figure 5-3).
Specifically designed to support servers using mobile device chips, the 4.3U chassis enables shared
management, networking, storage, power, cooling, and switching. It supports up to 45 hot-pluggable,
efficient, extreme low-energy servers, and storage cartridges, each tuned to a specific workload.

Figure 5-3. Moonshot 1500 chassis with components


Each Moonshot 1500 chassis features:
Up to 45 server and storage cartridges per chassis
Up to two independently paired network and uplink modules supported simultaneously within the
chassis
Five dual-rotor, hot-plug, redundant fans standard
Optionally redundant hot-plug power supplies
Optionally redundant interconnect modules
Benefits of using a Moonshot 1500 chassis include:
Low cost of ownershipWith local and remote hardware management integrated across the
solution, one full enclosure can be managed as easily as one server.
Investment protectionMultiple server and network designs are accommodated in one enclosure.
Compared to rack-mounted servers, Moonshot offers:
Lower cost per server
Lower power consumption
Lower airflow requirements

A choice of server cartridges to meet different needs


A choice of cartridges (Figure 5-4) is available to meet a variety of user requirements:

Figure 5-4. ProLiant server cartridge family


HP ProLiant m300Enables massive scalability and reliability for web workloads, supporting up
to 115,000 concurrent client sessions in a single, fully loaded chassis. Features include:
One Intel Atom C2750 2.4 GHz SoC with eight cores
1 MB cache shared per two cores
One HP 8 GB PC3L-12800 (DDR3-1600) small outline DIMM (SODIMM) low-voltage memory
Four DDR3 SODIMM slots
32 GB memory maximum (4x8 GB)
HP ProLiant m350Provides the densest CPU core count available in a Moonshot system, with
eight cores per server and up to 180 servers per system. It provides the economics that enables
organizations to extend their service offering and open up new markets that require a lower price
point.
Four Atom C2730 1.7 GHz SoCs with eight cores each
1 MB cache shared per two cores
One HP 8 GB PC3L-12800 (DDR3-1600) SODIMM low-voltage memory
Four DDR3 SODIMM slots
16 GB memory maximum (1x8 GB SODIMM, 1x8 GB embedded on the cartridge)
HP ProLiant m400Enables exceptional performance gains in memory bandwidth and reduces
power costs relative to overbuying compute. It is ideal for web caching using a 64-bit accelerated
processing unit (APU) chip. Features include:
One AMD Opteron X2150 APU 1.5GHz SoC
2 MB L2 cache
DDR3 PC3-12800 SDRAM (1600 MHz)
Four SODIMM slots (one per SoC)
32 GB memory maximum (1x8 GB per SoC)
HP ProLiant m700Provides breakthrough value for remote desktop delivery through HP
ConvergedSystem 100. Features include:
Four Opteron X2150 APU 1.5GHz SoCs (four cores per SoC)
2 MB L2 cache
DDR3 PC3-12800 SDRAM (1600 MHz)
Four SODIMM slots (one per SoC)
32 GB memory maximum (1x8 GB per SoC)
HP ProLiant m710Is designed to enhance the performance of rich application streaming and
video transcoding. Features include:
One Intel Xeon E3-1284L v3 1.8 to 3.2GHz four-core processor
HP 8 GB PC3L-12800 (DDR3-1600) SODIMM low-voltage memory
Four SODIMM slots
32 GB memory maximum (1x8 GB per SoC)
HP ProLiant m800Delivers real-time analysis of complex high volume data through massively
parallel Digital Signal Processing. Features include:
Four Texas Instruments KeyStone II based 66AK2H 1.0Ghz SoCs
Four ARM A15 cores and eight C66x DSP cores (per SoC)
HP 8 GB PC3L-12800 (DDR3-1600) SODIMM low-voltage memory
Four SODIMM slots
32 GB memory maximum (1x8 GB per SoC)
Important
Mixing of server cartridges in the same chassis is not supported.

Moonshot networking
Depending on which server cartridges are chosen, the Moonshot 1500 chassis will be configured
with a designated switch module, paired with an uplink module to communicate to the external
network. By disaggregating the uplinks from the internal switch, Moonshot provides greater flexibility
for deploying the right choice of external interconnects and future-proofing investment.
A Moonshot system can support up to two switch and uplink module pairs (Figure 5-5), which can
be configured independently for redundancy or traffic isolation. Modules can be stacked within or
across multiple chassis, reducing the cost of top-of-rack (TOR) switches and providing failover in
the event of a switch or uplink failure. Available switch modules are:

Figure 5-5. Moonshot-45G Switch Module and 4QSFP+ Uplink Module


HP Moonshot-45G Switch Module The 45G Switch Module together with the HP Moonshot-
6SFP Uplink Module provides 1GbE network connections to cartridges within the Moonshot 1500
chassis.
HP Moonshot-45XGc Switch Module The 45XGc Switch Module together with the HP
Moonshot-4QSFP+ Uplink Module provides 10GbE network connections to cartridges within the
Moonshot 1500 chassis and 40 Gb/10 Gb connectivity external to the chassis.
HP Moonshot-180G Switch Module The 180G Switch Module provides 1GbE network
connections to up to 180 nodes in the Moonshot 1500 chassis.
Two Moonshot uplink modules are available:
HP Moonshot 6SFP Uplink Module Uses up to two 6-port HP Moonshot-6SFP Uplink Modules
with six 10GbE SFP+ ports. Each uplink module delivers 60GbE of aggregate bandwidth to
connect the Moonshot system to an external network.
HP Moonshot 4QSFP+ Uplink Module Use up to two 4-port HP Moonshot-4QSFP+ Uplink
Modules with four 40GbE QSFP+ ports. Each uplink module delivers 160GbE of aggregate
bandwidth to connect the Moonshot system to an external network.

Moonshot internal storage


Each Moonshot server cartridge contains its own dedicated internal storage. Two options are
available, depending on the server cartridge:
M.2 solid-state drive (SSD) in 120 GB, 240 GB, and 480 GB (Figure 5-6)

Figure 5-6. M.2 SSD compared to a 2.5 inch SATA drive


Mini-SATA small form factor (SFF) hard disk drive (HDD) in 500 GB and 1 TB and SFF SSD in
240 GB
M . 2 is a form factor specification for Formerly known as the Next Two M.2
internally mounted storage expansion cards Generation Form Factor (NGFF), SSDs can be
designed as an improvement to the mini- the M.2 specification was defined by linked in a
SATA (mSATA) standard. M.2 maximizes the PCI-SIG consortium of RAID 0
usage of the space on a storage expansion technology original equipment configuration,
card while minimizing the footprint. It is a manufacturers (OEMs). It is designed with both
very thin and lightweight storage solution to enable high-performance storage in drives being
that allows double-sided component space- and power-constrained able to be
population and a variety of widths and devices. By providing support for an written to
lengths. As a result, M.2 devices can internal USB 3.0 interface, M.2 SSDs simultaneously.
provide twice the storage capacity within support applications such as Wi-Fi,
the same footprint of mSATA SSD devices. USB, PCI Express (PCIe), and
SATA.

Moonshot external storage


Certain workloads might require server cartridges to access shared data sets greater than 1 TB in
size. For such cases, HP has two storage subsystems for network connection external to the Moonshot
chassis (Figure 5-7):

Figure 5-7. HP 3PAR StoreServ Storage and HP ProLiant SL4500


HP 3PAR StoreServ Storage Combines high scalability and performance with rich enterprise
storage features and dramatically simplified storage management. It supports ProLiant m300,
m350, m700, and m710 server cartridges.
HP ProLiant SL4500Is a simple, cost-effective industry-standard storage system, offering up to
60 drives in a chassis with up to three server nodes. It supports ProLiant m700 and m710 server
cartridges.

Note
Both storage subsystems can be connected to Moonshot using 10GbE network connectivity.

Moonshot management fabric


Included with every Moonshot system, the Moonshot 1500 Chassis Management Module manages the
health of the chassis and servers. As illustrated in Figure 5-8, it is the gateway for aggregated chassis
management and is designed as a single point of access to the chassis. The Management Module
enables IT staff to configure, update, and operate the Moonshot system using a command line interface
(CLI), a graphical user interface (GUI), Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI), or remote
serial console access.

Figure 5-8. Multiple components managed by the Moonshot Management Module


The Management Module provides a way to configure the Moonshot 1500 chassis, to incorporate a
standard configuration into the deployment process, and to control servers and subsystems, using the
available commands. The Management Module is powered by HP iLO 4 firmware, which uses four
iLO processors. Because Moonshot is different from a traditional ProLiant server, the management
features offered are different from iLO found in ProLiant DL and ML servers.

Moonshot management with HP SUM


HP Smart Update Manager (HP SUM) ( Figure 5-9) ships standard with a Moonshot system. It
provides an automated way to update firmware and drivers with an integrated discovery engine that
finds the installed hardware and current versions of firmware and software on target servers.
Figure 5-9. HP SUM Overview screen
Benefits include:
Integrated acquisition of the latest updates and extensive update scheduling capabilities
Full insight into dependencies with agentless operation and efficient device discovery
Support for online updates of ProLiant firmware, drivers, agents, and tools
HP SUM installs updates in the correct order and ensures that all dependencies are met HP
before deploying an update. It also minimizes downtime by deploying all updates when the SUM
target servers are online, limiting the downtime to a single reboot at most. enables
you to:
Manage and monitor the chassis, cartridges, switches, fans, and power supplies
Manage component replacement and updates
Control the server power state
Access server boot serial streams
Send commands using iLO firmware and host servers using the simple command line tools.
Quickly monitor Moonshot chassis and server cartridge health and power
Easily customize workflows and scripts with a fully programmable, industry-standard
representational state transfer (REST) application programming interface (API)
Receive automatic notifications about issues using SNMP traps
Centralized deployment and management of Moonshot
As shown in Figure 5-10, two tools offer centralized deployment and management of Moonshot
systems. Building on Moonshot innovation, Cloud OS for Moonshot is an OpenStack-based cloud
software platform that facilitates the rapid deployment and management of multi-tier workloads on
Moonshot. Cloud OS for Moonshot enables organizations to:

Figure 5-10. Two tools used for Moonshot Management


Quickly and reliably build an OpenStack-based, enterprise-scale cloud on Moonshot
Simplify OpenStack installation, management, and updates with automated live-content distribution,
installation, and configuration
Easily provision, deploy, and manage Moonshot infrastructure and workloads
A Cloud OS for Moonshot deployment includes:
One admin node
One controller node
One bare-metal host
CMU is an efficient, customizable, and robust hyperscale lifecycle management Features of
framework and suite of tools for managing operations and performance of Moonshot. CMU
include:
Enables an at-a-glance per-server view of the entire Moonshot system
Allows rapid provisioning and streamlined management at large scale of all nodes in a system
Provides highly efficient monitoring, remote management, and analyticseven as a cluster grows to
thousands of nodes

Insight Cluster Management Utility


CMU provides highly efficient monitoring, remote management, and analyticseven as a cluster
grows to thousands of nodes. Designed to streamline management of many thousands of compute
nodes, CMU ships with a complete Java GUI for remote management of the cluster, and a CLI for
simple interactive and scriptable cluster management from the head node. Some of these features and
functions are depicted in Figure 5-11.
Figure 5-11. Insight Cluster Management Utility
With a few mouse clicks in the GUI or a single command in the CLI, IT staff can use CMU to shut
down, boot up, reboot, or power off any selection of nodes. Other features available from the
default drop-down menu are automated firmware update, BIOS consistency verification, and BIOS
setting modification.

Provisioning and control of nodes


As shown in Figure 5-12, CMU provides central access to all nodes in the cluster in several ways
from individual access to the operating system or baseboard management controller (BMC) of a node
to a parallel distributed shell over all nodes. The GUI provides a multi-window broadcast capability
that displays operating system or serial console activity from a selected group of nodes and
broadcasts commands from a single keyboard session.
Figure 5-12. CMU provides central access to all nodes in the cluster
CMU offers provisioning and control over a range of operating systems and environments:
Provisioning
Linux and Microsoft Windows
GUI , CLI, and API
Simplified discovery, firmware audits
Fast and scalable cloning
Diskless support
Control
GUI, CLI, and API
Easy GUI, friction-less control of remote servers
Insight menu including firmware update
Scalable pdsh with cmudiff analyzer
CMU can be used to deploy software to the cluster hardware in several waysthe most efficient
and scalable method is the CMU backup and cloning mechanism. Configure one compute node, and
CMU copies and distributes that disk image to some or all cluster nodes using an intelligent
hierarchical process. CMU can store multiple disk images, which makes it possible to deploy
different software stacks within a single cluster. It also includes tools to support installation of GPU
drivers and Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) software.

HP Cloud OS for Moonshot


Cloud OS for Moonshot brings the power and extensibility of OpenStack to the Moonshot system,
enabling IT staff to build an OpenStack-based, enterprise-scale cloud on Moonshot quickly and
reliably. As shown in Figure 5-13, functions of Cloud OS for Moonshot include:
Figure 5-13. Features of Cloud OS for Moonshot
Simplify OpenStack installation, management, and updates
Reduce manually intensive installation and configuration processes from hundreds of steps over
multiple packages to a simple, automated process
Centralize management of cloud environments
Automate live content distribution (upgrades, patches, content)
Speed bare-metal provisioning
Save time with a self-service portal that automates workload deployment directly on physical
nodesrather than going through a hypervisor
Enable workload portability in a Moonshot environment
Manage large-scale Moonshot environments with automated self-service deployment
Easily manage and deploy workloads
Automate deployment of single and multi-tier workloads in a Moonshot environment with
extensible administration and monitoring features
Use model-based infrastructure topology for multi-tier applications
Use prepackaged cloud workload definitions that automatically deploy to your environment
Monitor cloud infrastructure and Moonshot chassis health
Cloud OS for Moonshot helps to minimize complexity and support Using Ubuntu Linux and
cloud environments and offers the beneficial economics of an open- OpenStack, Cloud OS for
source architecture. It also provides comprehensive Moonshot Moonshot offers a complete
management capability that enables users to view power, health, and toolkit for scalable and agile
hardware status and control all of the managed resources in a cloud implementations.
Moonshot system from a single window. Operating systems supported
are:
ProLiant Moonshot Server Cartridge
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6.4
ProLiant m300 Server Cartridge
Ubuntu 13.10
RHEL 6.5
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2012 R2
ProLiant m700 Server Cartridge
Windows 7 Enterprise with SP1 (x64)

Moonshot customer case studies


Moonshot in production at HP.com
Offering exceptional density and economics, Moonshot is ideally suited to meet the needs of six HP
data centers that host applications running within the www.hp.com environment (Figure 5-14). The
www.hp.com site encompasses approximately 100 websites and thousands of DNS domain names.

Figure 5-14. Moonshot at HP.com


The initial The Web domains www.hp.com and For this implementation, The websites
deployment ftp.hp.com represent the majority of the HP deployed caching, were deployed
of Moonshot browsing and download traffic handled HTTP/HTTPS, and FTP across all
servers in the by external-facing HP Web assets. In a hosting on the Moonshot cartridges within
www.hp.com typical day, these domains send out chassis as a first use the chassis. The
environment 400 to 500 TB of data. About one-third case. The initial distribution of
supports of the traffic served is for implementation proved each tier across
traffic to the www.hp.com, as the entry into the HP that Moonshot cartridges the cartridges was
www.hp.com Web presence; and approximately two- are capable of handling weighted
home page thirds of the traffic is for file the high request-and- appropriately to
and access to downloads using ftp.hp.com, either response patterns typical ensure the more
the HP with HTTP or FTP. These sites receive of a hyperscale web compute-intensive
download more than 300 million hits per day and application, in-memory tierssuch as the
sites that are ranked in the Keynote Business 40 cache delivery, and in- web tier that
deliver (KB40) Internet Performance Index, provisioning file processes non-
drivers and which measures the average download systems larger than the 1 cacheable objects
software time for the home pages of 40 TB of attached storage had greater
updates using important US-based business websites. available in the representation
FTP and Moonshot cartridge. and thus did not
HTTP create a
protocols. bottleneck.

ImplementationA stepped approach


As an initial setup, the Moonshot servers were configured to handle user requests, caching the pages,
and objects pulled from existing back-end servers comprising approximately 50 large legacy web
servers spread across six HP data centerstwo in Atlanta, Georgia; two in Austin, Texas; and two in
Houston, Texas.
T o run the hp.com domain, the IT team configured six This setup demonstrates the
Moonshot 1500 chassis, one in each data center, with a total of capability of the Moonshot system
72 Moonshot ProLiant server cartridges. Another 18 ProLiant as a caching layer, so the same
Moonshot servers support the initial implementation of the content can be made available to
ftp.hp.com domain within the first data center, and the subsequent users without having to
partner.hp.com domain is run on four ProLiant Moonshot retrieve it from the hard drive.
servers, using an Apache/HP Passport configuration optimized A web page from this
for small compute footprints. implementation is shown in Figure
5-15.
Figure 5-15. Implementation of the Moonshot rollout
In addition to caching data on the Moonshot From a space perspective, this freed up about three
servers, the IT team moved file-serving racks per data center. From a power perspective,
functionality from the back-end legacy systems hp.com, ftp.hp.com, and partner.hp.com run on one
to the Moonshot servers and built redundancy 900 W Moonshot 1500 chassis per data center,
into the environment. These moves allowed achieving an 89% power savings. In addition to
the team to do away with some of the older saving power, data center space was freed up to
back-end legacy systems. install more equipment.

Step 1: CachingReverse proxy


The move to Moonshot was completed in several steps to avoid any interruption of service.
HP implemented the T o compare the After the On these Figure 5-16
first Moonshot chassis capabilities between successful rollout subsequent shows traffic
within the same the Moonshot of five additional implementations, figures for a
network alongside the cartridges and the Moonshot chassis, they changed the month and
existing WWW/FTP existing HP Itanium HP replicated the load balancing demonstrates
HP-UX servers. HP servers, HP caching setup for the high
installed RHEL 6 using implemented the across all six data www.hp.com to level of hits
the PXE boot same number of centers. After contain only on the site.
functionality and then cartridges (six). After implementing the Moonshot
configured HAProxy they set up the DNS- chassis within the cartridge IP
and Varnish, using the based load balancing same network addresses.
existing HP-UX record for alongside the
Apache server as hosts www.hp.com, they existing
for non-cached objects. adjusted it by WWW/FTP HP-
HAProxy is an open- entering the six UX servers, as
source TCP/HTTP load Moonshot servers before, and
balancer (reverse IPs and deleting the installing RHEL 6
proxy) that directs six Itanium IPs in the using the PXE boot
traffic to the underlying load balancer functionality, they
components, spreading configuration. Then configured
requests over multiple they slowly increased HAProxy and
servers. Varnish Cache the load level to the Varnish, using the
is a web application six cartridges until it existing HP-UX
accelerator, used to was on par with the Apache server as
provide caching and load level sent to the hosts for non-
load balancer legacy servers. cached objects.
capabilities.

Figure 5-16. CachingReverse proxy traffic figures for POC in April 2013

Before
The first step was to use HAProxy and Varnish to handle user requests (Figure 5-17).
Figure 5-17. Using HAProxy and Varnish to handle user requests
This allowed HP to derive metrics for memory throughput, latency, and network I/O. The existing
site was running on six HP Integrity rx8640 servers requiring up to 3.3kW each.

After
After the Moonshot implementation, the six Integrity rx8640 systems were replaced by six Moonshot
server cartridges (Figure 5-18).
Figure 5-18. Six Integrity rx8640 systems replaced by six Moonshot server cartridges
The six Moonshot cartridges could handle the Six Moonshot cartridges per data center (36 total)
full data center load of approximately 12% to now handle the full load of user requests to
14% of the user requests to www.hp.com. From www.hp.com. Out of an average of approximately
an average of about 100 million hits per day, 100 million hits per day, each data center handles
e a c h cartridge handled approximately two roughly 16 million of them. The cache hit ratio is
million of them. The cache hit ratio was around around 95% for cacheable objects and around
95% for cacheable objects and roughly 60% for 60% percent for the overall hits to www.hp.com.
the overall hits to www.hp.com. The difference The difference in these numbers is due to several
in these numbers was caused by several objects objects being excluded from caching. The CPU
being excluded from caching. utilization average per cartridge is 5%.

Step 2: Add website content and downloadsImplemented in the same


Moonshot chassis
The second step was to populate the new website with data. This covered both the download site
(ftp.hp.com) and the primary HP website (www.hp.com) and was implemented in a single Moonshot
chassis.
To eliminate the legacy servers from the www.hp.com environment, HP configured a set of Figure
16 cartridges with Apache and dedicated another set of 16 cartridges to host the 7 TB file 5-19
system using Gluster. The content was replicated from existing HP-UX servers using shows
scheduled replication jobs. For this task, HP used rsync, an open-source utility that copies how the
and synchronizes files. Every Apache server mounts the Gluster file system to enable data for
access to the complete range of documents and objects. In a final step, HP altered the the two
Varnish configuration on the Tier 1 servers to remove the Itanium Apache servers and sites
replace them with the 16 Moonshot Apache servers. Varnish sends requests for non- was
cacheable objects to the Linux Apache servers within the Moonshot chassis. split
across
the
chassis.

Figure 5-19. Add website content and downloads

Before
The left side of the Figure 5-20 shows the original website running on six rx8640 systems. The right
side shows the farm of 45 Moonshot cartridges that will replace it.

Figure 5-20. Transitioning to Moonshot

After
Figure 5-21 shows the final configuration, where four of the original servers have been retired and
their job is being done by the new Moonshot server cartridges. It can be easily seen how the power
consumption has been radically reduced.

Figure 5-21. Final configuration


The 16 Moonshot cartridges handle approximately 30% to 40% of the total requests to the data
center. The average cache hit ratio is 60% to 70%. The CPU utilization average per cartridge is
approximately 20%.

Traffic flow
Figure 5-22 shows the website content and data successfully migrated to the new Moonshot
environment. The traffic flow for www.hp.com is now handled by four dedicated front-ends running
HAProxy. Load balancing is achieved by two simple rules to HAProxy so that maximum efficiency
can be achieved and where possible data is cached and served locally.
Figure 5-22. Four dedicated front-ends handle traffic flow
For ftp.hp.com, eight HAProxy load balancers and the very secure FTP daemon (VSFTPD) are
used. These components provide load balancing for HTTP traffic going to ftp.hp.com to be directed
at back-end legacy FTP servers. FTP traffic is handled directly using VSFTPD, accessing the /pub
directory provided using Gluster.

Step 3: Replicate across all six data centers


To eliminate the legacy servers from the remaining data center configurations, HP replicated the setup
across the remaining five data centers, as shown in Figure 5-23. This offers an excellent level of
redundancy with vastly reduced power and space requirements.
Figure 5-23. Replicating to remaining data centers

Step 4: Host in the data centers


Download traffic for ftp.hp.com is the FTP protocol After HP set up After successful
largest traffic component for the requests to the DNS-based replication of the
WWW/FTP application. Of the ftp.hp.com are load balancing setup, HP altered
approximately 200 million hits for handled directly by record for the DNS load
ftp.hp.com, 99% are requests sent by the VSFTPD ftp.hp.com, balancer
HTTP, and the remaining 1% is hits by installed on the they adjusted configuration for
FTP. Before altering the DNS load front-end servers, the record by ftp.hp.com again to
balancer for ftp.hp.com, the Moonshot reading files from entering the include only the 36
farm had to be able to handle not only the Gluster file eight Moonshot Moonshot IP
HTTP, but also FTP requests. After system, similar to server IPs and addresses of the
several hours of testing, HP determined the Apache servers. deleting the Tier 1 FTP servers.
the Moonshot cartridges earmarked for Requests to Itanium IPs. HP kept two
FTP caching were not sufficient to ftp.hp.com are Then they Itanium systems per
handle the amount of file downloads. handled by the slowly data center as file
The FTP front-end server is configured VSFTPD server increased the servers for FTP
with HAProxy to handle the user running on the Tier 1 load level to download requests,
connections, while load balancing the servers, reading the the six but was able to
HTTP protocol requests for ftp.hp.com files from the cartridges until eliminate the
across a farm of four legacy Apache Gluster file system it was on par Itanium systems
servers. provided by the 16 with the load from the
Gluster cartridges, level sent to www.hp.com
also similar to the the legacy hosting picture
Apache servers. servers. (Figure 5-24).
Figure 5-24. Host in the data centers

Results
The eight Moonshot cartridges now handle approximately 1.7 million requests per hour, or around 60
requests per second per cartridge.
At the end of the project, the savings in energy usage and space are appreciable, as can be seen by
these figures. In addition, there has been almost no downtime for a site that is receiving 300 million
hits per day (more than 30 hits per second) and servicing a worldwide population of users. Figure
5-25 highlights some of the new efficiencies that resulted from the migration.
Figure 5-25. New efficiencies

Moonshot in PayPal: Business innovation


The HP ProLiant m800s combination of ARM and multi-core DSPs with high-speed, low-latency
networking, and tiered memory management creates a very energy efficient, extremely capable
parallel processing platform with a familiar Linux interface. Its a truly new approach to bringing
scale-out design inside the box, and breaks barriers between HPC and enterprise technology.
S. Ryan Quick, Principal Architect, PayPal (Figure 5-26)

Figure 5-26. PayPal headquarters in San Jose, CA


Moonshot in InkaBinka: Pain-free expansion
Innovative news aggregator InkaBinka was growing rapidly and needed a technology infrastructure
that could hyperscale while delivering an outstanding customer experience. InkaBinka deployed a
Moonshot system (Figure 5-27), which provided better-than-expected performance and enabled
rapid, modular expansion to accelerate business growth. The efficiency of Moonshot minimized
space, power, and cooling requirements resulting in a return on investment (ROI) of months rather
than years.

Figure 5-27. Moonshot in InkaBinka


The Moonshot system:
Delivered better performance and hyperscalability for growing business while ensuring rock-solid
reliability
Eliminated the latency issues experienced in various cloud solutions that reduced performance
Simplified infrastructure management with single interface for all servers in the chassis, virtual or
bare metal
Provided advanced technology foundation for the company to maintain a competitive edge as it
grows
Delivered ROI within months, not years

Moonshot in myLoc: Improved ROI


In a data center planned for 5,000 servers, we can now host about 30,000 servers on HP Moonshot.
So we can generate a lot more revenue with our existing data center.
Christoph One of Germanys largest hosting providersmyLoc managed IT AGwas growing
Herrnkind, 20% per year and pushing the limits of space and power in its data center. To enable
Chief more efficient growth, myLoc deployed the Moonshot system for new hosted server
Operating offerings (Figure 5-28).
Officer

Figure 5-28. Moonshot at MyLoc


This leading European hoster boosted revenue potential and slashed power and space costs with
new suite of server offerings built on Moonshot. Their transition to Moonshot also:
Reduced costs with managed hosting and colocation
Realized 28.7% greater earnings potential with 11.2% better margin while reducing power costs by
60% and space costs by 75%
Lowered administration costs by 33% with cable-free design, hot-swappable cartridges, and iLO
technology
Accommodated 24x as many servers per square meter as equivalent tower servers
Increased revenue opportunities by supporting 6x more servers in existing data center
Provided choice and control to address a broader range of customer needs and price points

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. What do systems-on-chip (SoCs) provide in Moonshot solutions?


a. Integrated accelerators tailored for specific workloads
b. Graphics processing unit
c. Network and uplink module
d. Field-programmable gate array

2. What are the functions built into each Moonshot 1500 chassis? (Select three.)
a. HP Virtual Connect FlexFabric modules
b. Up to 45 server and storage cartridges
c. HP Virtual Connect Fibre Channel modules
d. HP BladeSystem FlexFabric LOMs or FLBs
e. Up to two independently paired network and uplink modules
f. Five dual-rotor, hot-plug, redundant fans

3. What are the primary functions of the Insight Cluster Management Utility? (Select three.)
a. Fast discovery and cloning, tree propagation, and scalability
b. At-a-glance, lightweight, and customizable monitoring
c. Integrated Data Protector backup solution
d. Virtual Machine File System (VMFS)
e. Rapid provisioning and streamlined management
f. Monitoring, remote management, and analytics

4. How much did HP reduce its power consumption by consolidating 46 legacy servers to eight
Moonshsot servers and 12 legacy servers in the six HP data centers that host the HP web
environment?
a. 32%
b. 54%
c. 69%
d. 96%

Answers
1. A is correct. Systems-on-chip (SoCs) are integrated accelerators for specific workloads.
B, C, and D are incorrect.
2. B, E, and F are correct.
A, C, and D are incorrect. Virtual Connect FlexFabric modules, Virtual Connect Fibre Channel modules, and BladeSystem
FlexFabric LOMs or FLBs are not built into the Moonshot 1500 chassis.
3. B, E, and F are correct. Insight Cluster Management Utility provides customizable monitoring, remote management and
analytics, and rapid provisioning.
A, C, and D are incorrect. Discovery, cloning, and tree propagation are not associated with Insight Cluster Management
Utility, and Integrated Data Protector is backup and recovery software. VMFS is software solution offered by VMware,
which provides a high-performance cluster file system for shared storage.
4. C is correct. The consolidation from legacy servers reduced power consumption by 69%.
A, B, and D are incorrect.
6 Planning and Designing HP Server Solutions

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn to:
Describe how to assess the customers requirements and environment in order to develop an HP
ProLiant server solution, including:
Needs analysis
Segment analysis
Workload analysis
Site survey
Name the design considerations that must be taken into account when planning and designing a
ProLiant server solution
Discuss scenarios in which customers have successfully implemented ProLiant server solutions
Name the tools available from HP for selecting solution components and sizing and designing the
solution

INTRODUCTION
Chapter 6 brings together the product technologies covered in the first five chapters and explains how
to apply that knowledge when planning and designing a customer solution. The chapter begins by
describing how to assess a customers business and technical requirements and their existing
environment. It then goes on to describe the considerations and guidelines to keep in mind when
designing the solution and the HP tools to use to do so. This chapter also presents before and after
examples of HP solutions in customer scenarios.

Assessing the customers requirements and


environment
Application analysis
One of the first tasks to perform when planning an HP server solution is an analysis of the
applications the customer plans to run on the servers. Several factors should be considered,
including:
The number of users for the applicationThe number of users has a direct impact on the amount
of CPU, memory, networking, and storage resources that will be required.
IT resources required by the applicationThe application installation/user guide should offer
recommendations regarding the amount of CPU, memory, networking, and storage resources that
will be required for the application.
Applications that can be consolidatedAre there any applications that no longer provide business
value? If so, could they be retired, or could outcomes be provided by a different application?
Service level agreements (SLAs) that are in place for the various business organizations
SLAs have a direct impact on the hardware and software that will be required. For example,
a solution capable of achieving 99.999% availability will need to be designed with no single
points of failure (SPOFs) and will require redundant components, duplicated systems, and
clustering software. If the solution is not considered business critical and will only be expected to
achieve 99% availability, redundant components, duplicated systems, and clustering software will
not normally be required.

Conducting a needs analysis


When planning a solution for a customer, the customers business and IT needs should be assessed.
The results of the assessment help with planning the implementation and growth of the IT
infrastructure. When all information has been gathered, personal experience and knowledge can be
used to recommend the best possible solution. The recommendation is communicated with a statement
of work document. However, before a solid statement of work can be developed, the specific needs,
expectations, and environment for the server solution must be understood.
Conducting a needs A needs analysis starts with a customer If a customer has experience
analysis is an important interview. Ask questions to help with server technology, ask
step in accurately determine the current challenges, if questions about intended
determining a customers ideas already exist about how to solutions. If not, answers to
requirements. Proper address these challenges, and what the these questions might need to
planning helps to avoid customers future plans are. be based on personal
potential costly mistakes Understanding a customers needs is experience. Consider asking
upfront and prepares an crucial to developing a positive long- questions in the following
upgrade path for the future. term relationship. categories:
Future plans
What are the business goals?
What is the projected role of the server?
What is the projected operating system?
To which kind of network will the server be connected?
Business requirements
What are the capital expenses?
Are there any total cost of ownership (TCO) requirements?
Are there any return on investment (ROI) requirements?
How does a solution impact the users?
How does a solution help business analytics?
Current environment
How much storage is used currently?
Have storage needs grown over the last 12 months?
Technical requirements
What is the expected availability of the server?
Is server price or functionality more important?
Is a rack or tower configuration preferred?
Will backups be performed?
Is power protection needed?
What kinds of system management tools are needed?
Does the server need to be configured from the component level, or does it need to be ready to
install out of the box?
What level of maintenance and support is desired?
Obstacles
What is the biggest IT problem facing the business today?
What does the customer believe are possible solutions?
What are the barriers to the solution?
Resources
Is the customer willing to commit resources to achieving these goals?
Is the customer willing to let technical professionals help guide the way?
Nontechnical considerations
Are there any open service calls or other customer sensitivities?
Who will you work with within the customers organization?
Are the customers applications standardized?
Is there a long-term IT strategy in place?
Are there any rules in place for hardware isolation among business units?
Based on the answers to these questions, recommendations can be made about which server
components are required and which are optional. For example, if file and print is the projected role
for the server, storage capacity and transfer rate are important selection factors. On the other hand, if
the server will be a database server, processor speed and memory must be primary considerations.

Matching customers to the best platforms


All customers have different needs, and there is no substitute for completing a full needs analysis.
However, Figure 6-1 provides useful high-level guidance regarding which HP server family might be
suitable for small to medium-sized business (SMB), enterprise, service provider, and original
equipment manufacturer (OEM) customers.
Figure 6-1. Matching customers

Note
OEMs are manufacturers who resell another companys product under their own name and
branding. HP helps OEMs be more competitive by reducing research and development
(R&D), testing, support, and operations costs and by speeding time-to-market through access
to a complete portfolio of solutions and support.

Evaluating the business requirements


When evaluating the customers business environment, assess the factors shown in Figure 6-2 and
record the importance of power and cooling, connectivity, deployment scale, management tools,
server density, and TCO focus. Examples of questions that you can ask are:
Figure 6-2. Weighing business requirements
InfrastructureAre there extensive power and cooling and interconnect needs?
Node countHow many servers is the customer buying?
Management toolsHow important are management tools?
Deployment densityHow dense is the environment?
PriceHow important is acquisition cost compared to TCO and ROI?

Requirements analysis
Using the answers to the business environment evaluation can guide the selection of a particular HP
server family. For example, if the customer has a need for a deployment on a massive scale, the HP
ProLiant SL, HP Apollo, and HP Moonshot families should be considered. If the customer has a need
for very high server density, the ProLiant BL, ProLiant SL, Moonshot, and Apollo families should be
considered. Use Figure 6-3 as a high-level guide.
Figure 6-3. ProLiant server map to requirements

Segment analysis
You can also use customer segment analysis to guide the selection of a particular server family. For
example, for customers in need of a high-performance computing (HPC) solution, the Apollo,
ProLiant SL, ProLiant BL, and ProLiant DL families should be considered. For Tier 1 service
providers, the ProLiant SL family should be considered. Use Figure 6-4 as a high-level guide.
Figure 6-4. Common modular compute architecture

Note
Tier 1 service providers are considered the highest Internet Service Provider (ISP) class.
A Tier 1 ISP has its own IP network in a particular region connected with the primary
Internet backbone or other Tier 1 ISP. Typically, a Tier 1 ISP sells bandwidth to Tier 2 and
Tier 3 ISPs, which, in turn, provide Internet connectivity to businesses and individual
customers.
Tier 2 ISPs purchase their Internet service from a Tier 1 ISP and tend to cover a specific
region and focus on business customers.
Tier 3 ISPs also purchase their Internet service from Tier 1 ISPs. Tier 3 ISPs tend to cover a
specific region and focus on the retail market.

Workload analysis
As shown in Figure 6-5, analysis of the types of workloads the customer is running can also help
provide guidance when selecting a server family. For example, SMB customers requiring servers for
a small IT infrastructure should consider the ProLiant ML family. Enterprise customers who need
large deployments of servers in an application development environment should consider Moonshot
and ProLiant BL families.
Figure 6-5. Workload analysis

Conducting a site survey


After the needs analysis interview, it is important to conduct a site survey to assess the facility and
evaluate its suitability for the proposed IT solution. Factors to consider include:
Site/facility suitabilityServer room size, layout, limitations, and interference
Site services/utilitiesPower delivery, fire suppression, and environmental controls
Physical securityKey locks and card, code, or fingerprint access
IT integrationExisting computing infrastructure
Applications/softwareLoads and availability
Human resourcesOwnership, internal or external support
Projected growthComputer, employee, and business expansion
To evaluate these factors, survey questions can be used to gather data, as demonstrated by the
following examples:
How large is the facility?
Does the facility currently have any radio-frequency interference (RFI) problems?
Is there any extra space available?
Will an existing space need to be modified?
Are adequate utility outlets available in the proposed space?
Are the electrical circuits of sufficient capacity?
Are the electrical circuits shared or isolated? Are they properly grounded?
Are there additional electrical circuits available in the facility?
What type of fire-suppression system is in place, if any?
If overhead sprinklers are installed, are they water- or halon-based?
What type of floors or floor coverings exists?
Does the ceiling allow cabling to be run easily?
Is there adequate ventilation for the space?
Is extra cooling capacity available?
Is the proposed space in the interior of the building or does it have an outside window?
Does the facility already use keypads, card readers, or other physical security devices to control
access?
How many workstations does the company have now?
How many servers are in use?
Is a recent inventory of company IT assets available?
If there is an existing network, what is its topology?
What kinds of IT equipment purchases are planned for the next 12 months?
What kinds of software are used regularly?
Is the software workstation- or server-based?
What software purchases are planned for the next 12 months?
How are IT support issues currently handled?
Who is responsible for IT issues at the company?
Will any IT staff be added?
How many other employees will be added in the next 12 months?
Does the company plan to open other offices in the next 12 months?
This list is not complete, but it should The availability of Although the plan can recommend
serve as a guide to generate questions resources also simultaneous tasks, it is inefficient
pertinent to a specific customer and a affects the to have servers and workstations in
particular environment. It is important to implementation place waiting for interconnectivity
identify existing resources, such as timeline. For to complete their configuration.
network capacity or IT assets, which instance, if no The number of hours needed to set
might be required for determining what network cabling up the server and the amount of
additional resources to make available exists in the facility, time needed to address
for the transition to the new environment. the plan must dependencies must be determined.
include time to
install the wires.

Designing a solution
Service level agreements drive the solution
Service level agreements (SLAs) (Figure 6-6) provide a common understanding about services,
priorities, responsibilities, guarantees, warranties, and penalties. Several factors need to be
determined and agreed upon with the customer:

Figure 6-6. Service-level agreements


What performance levels are expected? Consideration needs to be given to CPU, memory,
networking, and storage performance.
What availability is expected? How will it be calculated?
Are there any legal compliance requirements?
How will the systems and data be secured?
What are the data-retention policies? Consideration needs to be given to the location of the data, the
legal implications of storing data in a different jurisdiction, and when data is deleted (either
accidentally or on purpose), is it really deleted, or can it be recovered?
The key consideration is whether the design focuses on perfection or price. With an unlimited
budget, it might be possible to approach perfection, but how many customers are prepared to pay the
price? When necessary, the SLA can be modified to enable the deployment of less equipment and
therefore reduce costs.

Solution design considerations


The information gathered during the needs analysis and site survey should narrow the choices for the
server solution recommended to the customer. When applying the data, consider the following areas:
ServersWill the solution consist solely of physical servers, or a mix of physical and virtual
servers? If the latter, what virtualization technology will be used? For physical servers, memory
and processor technology components are important. Fault-tolerant memory or redundant
processors are less crucial to a file and print server than they are to a database server, which
primarily performs computations and requires temporary storage. Determining the relative
importance of server technologies, together with the servers projected role, narrows the focus to a
server with the required capabilities.
StorageEvery server has storage, but factors for deciding on a RAID or non-RAID
configuration are cost, storage availability, and fault tolerance. For a file and print server, a non-
RAID configuration leaves data vulnerable to disk failure or data corruption. This would be less
important to a firewall server, the focus of which is network-centric.
NetworkingDepending on the existing network topology or the decision for a new topology,
server networking capabilities must also be determined. Current corporate networks are at least
100Mb/s (Fast Ethernet); however, corporate backbones can exceed 1Gb/s (Gigabit Ethernet), and
remote offices can remain at 10Mb/s (Ethernet).
Operating systemThe choice of operating system directly affects the server components. As a
general rule, the more recent (and thus more advanced) the operating system, the greater its
demands on system hardware. Certain operating system features can also steer the decision.
Potential server purchases should be made based on careful consideration for meeting or
exceeding the highest minimum system requirements.
ApplicationsOften referred to as workloads, the applications that the customer needs to use will
have a major impact on many of the other design considerations. For example, if the main
application is a mission-critical, multi-petabyte database application, it will be necessary to make
sure that the server solution is designed with minimal SPOFs and with sufficient storage,
networking, memory, and processor resources to ensure the smooth operation of the database
application. Availability clustering should also be considered to make sure that in the event of a
catastrophic failure, the application can continue to run (by failing over to a standby or secondary
system).
AvailabilityWorkloads should be assessed for their level of business importance and housed on
an appropriately available server solution. There might be applications that are not considered
mission-critical and which can therefore be unavailable without significant business impact, and
these might be located on non-clustered virtual or physical servers.
SecurityWhen planning where to place the server and how it should be configured, it is important
to consider security. Be alert for physical and virtual security holes. When an employee leaves an
organization, it is important to recover any keys and access cards. It might be necessary to change
locks and codes. Disabling the user account and changing high-level passwords to which an
employee had access are good practices.
PhysicalLocks, codes, and location. Deciding to place a server in an interior room with a locked
door sufficiently addresses most physical security needs. Because the temperature and humidity in
a windowless interior room remain relatively constant, there should be no need to keep the door
open to enhance airflow. A closed and locked door ensures that only individuals with authority and
access can enter.
VirtualPasswords, permissions, and access control lists. Setting up users, groups, and
permissions addresses virtual security needs. Each user needs a password to access project files
stored on the server, and being a member of a particular group allows or denies access to other
network resources. Grant each user only as much access as he or she typically needs. Use access
control lists. All passwords should be changed regularly, be of a minimum length (as defined by
the operating system), and include letters, numbers, and special characters.
Physical or virtual servers?
Traditionally, servers have been acquired and Many workloads exhibit utilization patterns
deployed on an application basis. Each environment similar to the workload shown in Figure 6-
was configured to handle peaknot average 7. The peaks vary by time of day, and they
workload requirements. As a result, utilization rates tend to be for short durations. This means
could be as low as 30%. Although not an issue from a that most of the time resources are idle, but
technical perspective, this situation is viewed by when they are required by a workload, they
business people as a waste of valuable resources. are required right away.

Figure 6-7. Single system utilization


Server virtualization enables Many customers have limited facility space, and server
customers to multiply their virtualization can optimize the use of available space. A recent
resource utilization by technology survey found that 74% of businesses either currently
consolidating multiple use server virtualization or plan to implement it in the near future,
applications onto a single with respondents citing related benefits that include a significant
server and dynamically reduction in the time needed to deploy new applications, system
balancing processing resources downtime, and overall IT spending.
among applications.

Note
The full report on the Tech Pro Research survey is available at:
http://www.techproresearch.com/downloads/research-smbs-discuss-current-status-and-
future-adoption-plans-of-new-technologies/
IT departments are not only challenged to do more, but also to provide more storage using budgets
that are not increasing. Virtualization software residing between server hardware and software
allows more applications to run on the server, while related hypervisor software enables the
operating system and applications to move between servers, thereby allocating more resources
where needed during periods of high demand. These server virtualization features also provide
important redundancy capabilities and might be deployed as part of a comprehensive IT resiliency
strategy.

VM design goals
The goal is to design virtual machines (VMs) that have no bottlenecks and that adequately meet the
needs of the users. To assist in the sizing process, you can use an equivalent of the Amazon Elastic
Compute Cloud (EC2) Compute Unit (ECU) VM instance. All Amazon EC2 instances are priced
based on hourly usage and instance type. Each instance type consists of a certain number of ECUs and
a set RAM size. The EC2 Standard instances, which are well suited for many applications, are:
SmallOne ECU (one virtual core with one ECU), 1.7 GB memory, 160 GB instance storage
LargeFour ECUs (two virtual cores with two ECUs each), 7.5 GB memory, 850 GB instance
storage
Extra largeEight ECUs (four virtual cores with two ECUs each), 15 GB memory, 1,690 GB
instance storage
One ECU provides the equivalent CPU capacity of a 1.01.2 GHz 2007 AMD Opteron or 2007 Intel
Xeon processor and is roughly equivalent to a PassMark CPU score of 400. The EC2 equivalent of
a particular processor can be calculated by taking the PassMark CPU score for the 2.00 Intel Xeon
E5-2620, which is 9,081. Divide this by 400 to get a score of 22 ECU. This means that the Xeon
E5-2620 processor in this example should be able to host approximately 22 small, 5 large, or 2
extra-large EC2-equivalent VMs.

Note
Visit http://www.cpubenchmark.net/cpu_list.php for more information on PassMark CPU
scores.

According to Gartner, the recommended network bandwidth for each VM should be at least
100Mb/s for IP traffic and 200Mb/s for SAN traffic.

Note
iSCSI is all IP traffic, so the bandwidth becomes 300Mb/s for IP traffic.

Although 100Mb/s for IP traffic is not always considered ideal, it is generally sufficient as a starting
point. In a highly virtualized environment, there is a large amount of IP traffic coming from the
system, and this can result in a many cables emerging from a single enclosure. In this scenario, it
might be necessary to specify a switch such as the HP 59xx or HP 125xx to provide top-of-rack
(TOR) functions.

VM design guidelines
When designing a VM oversubscription ratio, there are four aspects to consider:
Processing capacity per VM
Memory per VM
I/O per VM
Licensing cost
Together, these elements create a balanced virtualization design for a cloud environment.

Processing capacity per VM


To enable customers to make a fair comparison of VM solutions, HP has made use of an absolute VM
processing capability. This is equal to an ECU m1.small (one ECU, one CPU core, and 1.7 GB RAM)
and is close to the ratio that customers often use. A ratio of 36:1 works well with loads that typically
use 2 to 3% of a dedicated server. If there are loads with lower typical use and no correlated peaks
in traffic, customers have been known to use in excess of 100:1, but this can cause an imbalance with
other design constraints. Also, using very high virtualization oversubscription ratios requires
consideration of the number of threads supported. This depends on the CPU choice and knowledge of
the workloads.

Memory per VM
Initially, HP recommends using guidance from the provider of the virtualization platform (VMware,
Microsoft, Citrix, and others) to size memory. Additional memory might be required to satisfy the
needs of the applications being hosted on the VM.

Note
Dropping under the VMware recommended memory per VM might cause instability with
some workloads.

Use caution when specifying memory, because increasing server memory to support more VMs has
two significant downsides:
The use of high-density, high-power devices to achieve very large amounts of memory can
significantly increase the cost of memory. High-density DIMMs such as 16 GB and 32 GB are
relatively expensive when compared with lower-density DIMMs such as 2 GB and 4 GB. The
current and future requirements for RAM need to be assessed, and the most cost-effective DIMMs
selected.
The cost of VM licenses can increase significantly with very large memory configurations.
Microsoft recommends accounting for overhead required by Hyper-V by configuring an additional
10 to 25% of hardware resources.

Note
Vi s i t http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc768529%28BTS.10%29.aspx for more
information on optimizing performance on Microsoft Hyper-V.

Minimum memory size for VMware vSphere is 4 MB; maximum size depends on the host. The
memory size must be a multiple of 4 MB. The maximum for best performance represents the
threshold beyond which the hosts physical memory is insufficient to run the VM at full speed. This
value fluctuates as conditions on the host change (as VMs are powered on or off, for example). HP
offers a complete portfolio of VMware licenses and offers VMware software bundled with HP
Insight Control.

Note
Visit https://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-4-esx-vcenter/index.jsp#com. for more information
on ESX/ESXi VM memory overhead.

With Citrix XenServer, three components contribute to the memory footprint of a XenServer host:
Memory consumed by the Xen hypervisor itself
Memory consumed by the Control Domain on the host
Memory consumed by the XenServer crash kernel

Note
Visit http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX137836 for more information on XenServer.

I/O per VM
The final technical constraint on oversubscription of VMs is on the I/O bandwidth from the server to
the core switch. HP recommends 200 Mb/s storage and 100 Mb/s IP for each VM. With converged
network adapters (CNAs) in a dual-resilient high-availability configuration, each 10Gb/s port pair
can support 33 VMs. HP uses dual CNAs on server blades; therefore, each blade can support 66 VMs
in high-availability configurations. Additional CNAs can be added if required.
The HP CloudSystem design splits off the Fibre Channel traffic in the enclosure. Therefore, with
50 Gb/s resilient uplinks to the core switch and approximately 20% local IP traffic, 40 VMs per
blade can be supported. Adding a second pair of HP Virtual Connect modules in the rear of an HP
BladeSystem c7000 Enclosure increases this limit to 65 VMs per blade. More VMs per blade can
be supported if the demand for IP traffic is lower than the recommendation.
Licensing cost
The cost constraint on VM oversubscription is based on the cost of the hypervisor licenses. The
licenses can dominate the cost of the raw compute elements and might be more expensive than the
servers they run on. In this case, a joint calculation on hypervisor and server cost will reveal the best
oversubscription ratio.

Highly available design


There are several approaches Beyond In the world High Figure 6-8 shows
to designing a highly available protecting of the availability the highly available
IT environment. Most highly hardware software- within an IT environment for
available environments use resources defined data Moonshot hp.com, where four
some form of hardware with center environment servers running
redundancy. The most basic redundant (SDDC), high is provided HAproxy act as
form of hardware redundancy components, availability by the front-end load-
in a rack and tower server software- can be redundancy of balancing servers.
solution revolves around based implemented the cartridges These front-end
having redundant power clustering using themselves servers are
supplies, fans, network solutions such programmatic and not connected to eight
interface cards (NICs), and as HP software through any web servers running
more, so that if one component Serviceguard, control that software such Apache, and these
were to fail, the server would VMware high- can move as web servers are
be able to continue running availability server Serviceguard. connected to 18
applications without clustering, and personalities With multiple servers running
interruption. In a BladeSystem Hyper-V (profiles) server Cherokee Web
environment, redundant power clustering are between cartridges Server. If one of
supplies, fans, NICs, and other available and servers managing the these servers were
elements should be capable of automatically application to fail, the
complemented by redundant providing in order to workload, one remaining servers
HP Onboard Administrator and greater levels maintain the or more would continue to
HP Virtual Connect modules. of availability required cartridges process web traffic,
than solely level of could fail resulting in optimal
using the performance without availability.
hardware and having a
redundancy availability. catastrophic
method. effect on
availability.
Figure 6-8. Highly available infrastructure design for hp.com

Customer scenarios
Scenario 1
The customer in Figure 6-9 does not have an IT department and needs:
Figure 6-9. Just starting out
A central location where they can securely store and access their data
To have their output backed up in case an employee leaves or her PC crashes
Something that can simply be plugged in and powered on
Something that is small and very quiet

Scenario 1 solution
Figure 6-10 shows the solution for this customer. By balancing the optimal combination of
performance and affordabilitytogether with a broad range of storage drive configurations and
optionsthe HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server delivers the flexibility and scalability needed for the
varied demands of 2U rack deployments and applications.

Figure 6-10. ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server with iLO Essentials


When an SMB or enterprise is looking for affordability, flexibility, and growth optionsdelivered
in a single server with a balanced designthe ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server is a good choice.
Ideal for storage needsA variety of storage configurations and options, enhanced by a choice of
storage controllers, enables this server to support a wide range of storage workloads. The
ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server can be used for small to medium databases, file serving, Windows
storage, and demanding big data applications such as Apache Hadoop that require the right mix of
compute and storage.
Designed for scalability, high availability, and efficiencyWith workload-optimized processors,
16 DIMM slots, 94% efficient power supply, compliance for higher ambient temperature support,
optional FlexibleLOM capability, and redundancy features, the ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server offers
the scalability and high availability required for growing workloads, making it a perfect match for
virtualization and hyperscale environments.
The simple and compact design provides features that are easy to configure and use, as well as
enhanced efficiency and agility with HP Infrastructure Management. The result is accelerated IT
service delivery.

Scenario 2
The customer in Figure 6-11 has a large data center with more than 1,000 processors in place and a
set of mature and well-thought-out processes to manage the daily operational flow. They want to
effectively consolidate these processes and begin to share resources.

Figure 6-11. More compute power in less space


The customer is currently encountering numerous issues on an almost daily basis:
They seem to be constantly on the edge regarding power and cooling. They often find that they
need to reconfigure processors, move applications, retire equipment, and even farm out
applications because they do not have enough power and cooling resources. Power and cooling
caps are set by the local government.
Because the general direction of the IT department is to become a private cloud, they must now
regard their customers (all internal people and their website as well) as if they were services. This
means that many of their customers are sharing applications, platforms, and databases to get the
same informationa situation that poses several challenges.
The company needs to repurpose systems at a moments notice because of constantly changing
workloads. One day they might need to handle high traffic on their Web servers as a result of an
online promotion. The next day they might need to allocate more resources to an application
because it is the end of the quarter and they need to provide instantaneous response time or the
manufacturing department might need more resources for the same reason.
They must lower costs by as much as 20% for economic reasons. That means fewer people, less
hardware capacity, and more demand on the processes to make the system go and keep service
levels up. They also have a requirement for minimum 15% ROI before the company will invest in
more resources.
The nature of the companys service is changing from an overhead, almost recording function, to a
shared on-demand service workload. This necessitates a higher level of service, flexibility, and
adaptability to their customers demands. Additionally, their ability to take on additional expenses
is minimal, and there is a need to maximize investment by making full use of resources. The
company must either maintain or increase capabilities with less power and cooling and fewer
people.
Scenario 2 solution
Inside the enterprise, technology is undergoing a massive transformation. The challenge is to build the
enterprise of the future while dealing with legacy systems that have complex management
requirements that are draining time and budget. Figure 6-12 shows a solution that meets the challenge
for this customer. BladeSystem together with HP OneView management software help:

Figure 6-12. BladeSystem with Virtual Connect FlexFabric and OneView


Lower data center costs through convergence so that investment can be transferred from routine
maintenance to innovation
Maximize availability with the security of federation by reducing downtime
Accelerate enterprise workload deployment such as virtualization and cloud computing through
automation

Scenario 3
The company in Figure 6-13 is running a virtualized desktop infrastructure (VDI) with Citrix. They
have several concerns:

Figure 6-13. Hosted desktop infrastructure


Users are increasingly requiring mobility to increase their productivity and mesh work and
personal demands.
VDI is meeting the needs of many PC users, but it is not supplying the combination of CPU and
graphics performance that is essential for the companys knowledge workers.
The company needs to make the most of investments in server assets, power, and facilities.

Scenario 3 solution
Moonshot helps customers get more out of their infrastructure with less space, power consumption,
and complexity, giving them the freedom to innovate and stay on the leading edge of technology. As
shown in Figure 6-14, it delivers the right compute power with breakthrough economics designed for
specific workloads.

Figure 6-14. Hosted desktop infrastructure


Moonshot is engineered, tested, and integrated for workload-specific performance. Customers can
choose cartridges for web serving, hosted desktops, video transcoding, application delivery, real-
time data processing, and more. The energy-efficient system-on-a-chip (SoC) design and shared
infrastructure across 45 hot-pluggable server cartridges in a 4.3U chassis delivers low power
consumption, ultra-high density, and flexible scale-out with significantly reduced cabling needs.

HP tools for selecting solution components


HP Unison Partner Portal
The HP Unison Partner Portal (Figure 6-15) delivers easy-to-find, personalized sales tools and
resources to provide a faster and more collaborative sales engagement, training, demand generation,
and business management experience.

Figure 6-15. Unison Partner Portal


It is a secure and trusted portal for resources that include:
HP SalesBuilder for Windows (SBW)Configure and quote enterprise servers, storage products,
and software.
Smart Product CatalogView a complete, interactive overview of all HP products and services.
Browse the catalog, which is refreshed daily, to find:
Marketing information
Product specifications, pricing, and availability
Compatibility options
Downloadable documentation, including datasheets, white papers, high-resolution images, and
more
Product comparisons
Proposal WebCreate winning customer proposals quickly and easily using the HP standard,
global, online proposal platform.
Note
Visit https://partner.hp.com for more information on the Unison Partner Portal.

HP Server Buying Guide


The HP Server Buying Guide (Figure 6-16) categorizes servers by role to help customers select a
server to meet their needs for:

Figure 6-16. Server Buying Guide


File and print
Email and messaging
Web server
Domain controller
Database
Citrix or terminal services

Note
V i s i t http://www8.hp.com/us/en/prodserv/serverbuyingguide/servers.html for more
information on the Server Buying Guide.

HP ActiveAnswers
HP ActiveAnswers tools ( Figure 6-17) provide state-of-the-art applications to help configure, size,
performance analyze, and use HP products and solutions. Tools available on HP ActiveAnswers
include:

Figure 6-17. ActiveAnswers


Solution SizersAutomated tools that assist with recommending a solution environment. The sizing
information and algorithms have been developed using testing and performance data on a wide
range of HP servers running solutions from HP partners such as Citrix, Microsoft, SAP, and
VMware. These tools provide a consistent methodology to help determine a best-fit server for
the environment. Sizers are downloaded and run on the users PC.
Simplified Configuration Environment (SCE)A guided, self-service tool available in 10
languages that helps sales and nontechnical people provide customers with initial configurations in
3 to 5 minutes. Configurations can be used for pricing and ordering. Additional advantages
include:
Localized part and SKU numbers and local list pricing
Guidance to proper solutions, including wizards for applications and popular configurations that
can be modified
Ability to export configurations to Microsoft Excel file format

Note
SCE is the new name for the HP Enterprise Configurator (eCo). Visit
https://h20375.www2.hp.com/portal/site/publicsmartportal/landing for more information on
the Simplified Configuration Environment.

HP Sizer for Server VirtualizationAn automated, downloadable tool that provides quick and
helpful sizing guidance for best-fit HP server and storage configurations running in vSphere 5.0
or Hyper-V R2 environments. The tool allows users to create new solutions, open existing
solutions, or use other types of performance data collecting tools, such as the Microsoft
Assessment and Planning (MAP) toolkit, to build rich virtualized configurations based on HP
server and storage technologies. It enables the user to quickly compare different solution
configurations and produces a customizable server and storage solution complete with a detailed
bill of materials (BOM) that includes part numbers and prices.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/activeanswers for more information on ActiveAnswers.

HP reference architectures
HP works to profile and understand many common IT solutions from a performance, scalability, and
applicability perspective. The results are blueprints that detail specific configurations and deliver
operational characteristics defined as reference architectures.
Reference architectures are documents or templates that outline a HP provides a comprehensive
concrete infrastructure configuration specifically designed for set of reference architectures
integration that details the required infrastructure components and (Figure 6-18) that allow
method of assembly. They explain how to build a complete system customers to design
based on leading modular, standards-based technologies designed infrastructure and applications
for convergence, but include a fair amount of flexibility in the solutionsall built on HP
configuration. Converged Infrastructure.
Figure 6-18. HP reference architectures

Note
To download a copy of the HP Reference Architecture for Hortonworks Data Platform, visit:
http://www8.hp.com/h20195/v2/GetDocument.aspx?docname=4AA4-4134ENW

HP Storage Sizer
The HP Storage Sizer (Figure 6-19) is a downloadable sizing tool that helps with the design a storage
infrastructure that meets the customers needs. The Storage Sizer offers:

Figure 6-19. Storage Sizer


A simplified process for designing a storage solution
Application of storage design rules, licensing, and services rules
Output in a valid, supported configuration that can be imported directly into SBW for quotation
Localized parts and pricing for Americas, APJ, and EMEA
Smart Update Technology, which brings new products or functionality to the user
Information for the entire Storage family
Updates at every new product launch
Addition of new functionalities based on user input, annual surveys, and quarterly focus groups
Note
Vi s i t http://h30144.www3.hp.com/SWDSizerWeb/default.htm for more information on
Storage Sizer.

HP SAN Design Reference Guide


The HP SAN Design Reference Guide (Figure 6-20) is the single source for storage area network
(SAN) configuration support, interoperability, and best practices. The guide provides access to HP
multi-vendor, end-to-end storage networking architectural information, including:

Figure 6-20. SAN Design Reference Guide


SAN design rules
SAN topologies and supported configurations
SAN design philosophies, security, and management
HP best practices
SAN components
Architecture
Configurations
Implementation
New technologies

Note
Visit http://h18006.www1.hp.com/products/storageworks/san for more information on the
SAN Design Reference Guide.

HP iQuote
HP iQuote (Figure 6-21) is the HP cloud service for channel sales configuration and quoting,
designed specifically to simplify the process of selling HP products and maximize revenue and
margin on every sale. iQuote includes ProLiant servers, as well as HP storage, networking,
commercial desktops, laptops, and workstations. Resellers and IT providers can select a product,
create a configuration, export the information, and send a validated BOM to the distributor or
supplier.
Figure 6-21. iQuote

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/bladesystem for more information on iQuote.

HP Power Advisor
HP Power Advisor ( Figure 6-22) is a tool for calculating power use of the major components within
a rack to determine power distribution, power redundancy, and battery backup requirements for
computer facilities. Power Advisor allows individual configuration of each individual server or
node.

Figure 6-22. Power Advisor


When designing and expanding data centers or planning rack deployments, accurate estimates of
power requirements are essential to ensure appropriate levels of power and cooling as well as to
determine power-related operating costs for the customers budgetary considerations.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/poweradvisor for more information on the Power Advisor.

Additional HP configuration tools


Additional HP configuration tools include:
HP Networking Switch SelectorHelps with selecting the correct HP networking product based
on specific requirements
HP Networking Online ConfiguratorEnables quick and easy creation of price quotations for HP
networking products
HP PartSurferProvides fast, easy access to service parts information for a wide range of HP
products
HP Services Media LibraryUses rich media to provide just-in-time service information
HP Single Point of Configuration Knowledge (SPOCK)Provides detailed information about
supported HP storage product configurations

Developing the proposal


After assembling the business and technical information from the customer, work can begin on the
solution proposal. The creation of timely, accurate, and high-quality proposal-ready content requires
the application of a rigorous development and maintenance process. This process is diagramed in
Figure 6-23.
Figure 6-23. Proposal development flowchart
From a content perspective, proposal-ready documents typically include:
Key benefits and differentiators
Latest HP marketing messages
Customer and analysis quotes
High-level technical information
Proof points
The majority of proposal-ready content must be reviewed before publication to ensure accuracy.
Reviewers can include:
Product managers
Program managers
Marketing specialists
Special Interest GroupsConsolidation Group
HP Solution Architect (SA) community
Ambassador program
Proposal-ready content that is based on nontechnical, After review, changes need to be
external sources such as the HP website does not incorporated from the reviewers to ensure
require review by a subject matter expert (SME). that the content passes a final editing
process.

HP Proposal Web
HP Proposal Web ( Figure 6-24) is a powerful tool that automates the assembly of proposal-ready
documents into complete and compelling customer proposals. Proposal Web offers content that spans
all HP business units and covers HP products, services, and solutions, as well as corporate and
general information. It is intended for use by HP sales, presales, and partners worldwide. Proposal
Web offers:
Figure 6-24. Proposal Web
Intuitive interfaceThe easy-to-use interface helps speed creation of customer proposals.
Translated, proposal-ready documentsCountry portals house translated documents in more than
20 languages.
Easy-to-find contentThe search engine provides improved search results from the Proposal Web
library of updated documents, FAQs, cover letters, and executive summaries.
Quick proposal generationUse wizards to build personalized and professionally formatted
proposals.
Modern architectureThe system offers improved performance and reliability.

Note
Visit https://proposalweb.hp.com for more information on Proposal Web.

Writing a scope of work


A scope of work is a document that captures the plan, time frame, resources required, and completion
milestones of a project. It is crucial for ensuring a mutual understanding with the customer.
A scope of work is a pre-project overview Among other things, a scope of work must list
prepared for a proposal. It should not be resources critical to success. Executive support is
confused with a statement of work, which is a essential. Without leadership from management, it
final project overview prepared for billing. can be difficult to implement an IT project.

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. Which HP server family should Tier 1 service providers consider?


a. SL
b. BL
c. ML
d. DL

2. Which factors should you consider when conducting a site survey? (Select four.)
a. Backup requirements
b. Site services/utilities
c. High-availability requirements
d. Projected growth
e. Human resources
f. Projected role of server solution
g. Physical security

3. Which ProLiant server line is ideal for SMB customers requiring few servers with limited
connectivity?
a. ML
b. DL
c. SL
d. Moonshot

4. Which ProLiant server line is ideal for enterprise customers requiring large deployments of servers
in an application development environment?
a. ML
b. DL
c. SL
d. BL
5. Which downloadable HP tool should you use to produce configurations and quotes?
a. iQuote
b. Proposal Web
c. Power Advisor
d. HP Sales Builder for Windows (SBW)

6. Which cloud-based HP tool should you use to select a product, configure, and generate a validated
BOM?
a. iQuote
b. Proposal Web
c. Power Advisor
d. SBW

Answers
1. A is correct. ProLiant SL series servers are well suited for Tier 1 service providers.
B, C, and D are incorrect. B is incorrect because BL servers are better suited to large deployments in application
development environments. C is incorrect because the ML family is best for SMB customers requiring servers for a small IT
infrastructure. D is incorrect because the DL server line is ideal for remote and branch offices and growing businesses.
2. B, D, and G are correct. A site survey is concerned with the physical parameters of the site into which servers will be
deployed.
A, C, and F are incorrect. Backup requirements, high-availability requirements, and IT growth are business considerations, as
is the projected role of the server solution.
3. A is correct. The ML line is intended for SMB customers requiring servers for a small IT infrastructure.
B, C, and D are incorrect. B is incorrect because the DL line is designed for rack-mount environments. C is incorrect
because the SL line is well suited for Tier 1 service providers. D is incorrect because the Moonshot and Apollo lines are ideal
for customers who need a deployment on a massive scale or very high server density.
4. D is correct. The BL line is ideal for enterprise customers requiring large deployments of servers in an application
development environment.
A, B, and C are incorrect. A is incorrect because the ML line is best suited for small offices. B is incorrect because the DL
line is ideal for remote and branch offices and growing businesses. C is incorrect because SL series servers are well suited
for Tier 1 service providers.
5. D is correct. SBW is the downloadable tool that allows you to configure and quote enterprise servers, storage products, and
software.
A, B, and C are incorrect. A is incorrect because iQuote is a cloud-based service. B is incorrect because Proposal Web
automates the assembly of proposal-ready documents into customer proposals. C is incorrect because Power Advisor
calculates power use of the major components within a rack to determine power distribution, power redundancy, and battery
backup requirements.
6. A is correct. iQuote is the HP cloud service for channel sales configuration and quoting.
B, C, and D are incorrect. B is incorrect because Proposal Web automates the assembly of proposal-ready documents into
customer proposals. C is incorrect because Power Advisor calculates power use of the major components within a rack to
determine power distribution, power redundancy, and battery backup requirements. D is incorrect because SBW is the
downloadable tool that allows you to configure and quote enterprise servers, storage products, and software.
7 Preparing for Deployment

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn how to prepare an HP ProLiant server for deployment by using on-system
tools:
HP integrated Lights-Out (iLO) and iLO Federation
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
HP representational state transfer (REST) application programming interface (API) and HP
RESTful Interface Tool
HP Scripting Toolkit
HP Intelligent Provisioning
HP Smart Storage Administrator (SSA)
HP Smart Update Manager (HP SUM)

INTRODUCTION
This chapter introduces server lifecycle management for ProLiant servers, which includes on-system,
on-premise, and on-cloud management tools. In this chapter, you learn what you need to do to prepare
a ProLiant server for deployment by using HP on-system management tools. The chapter takes an
especially close look at UEFI, as supported by ProLiant Gen9 servers.

Server lifecycle management for ProLiant


Whether in an SMB or enterprise environment, customers need management tools targeted for their
business needs. HP identifies management capabilities for various infrastructure requirements as on-
system, on-premise, and on-cloud, as illustrated in Figure 7-1. HP Gen9 management innovations
target these segments to ensure that customers have complete lifecycle management, for their current
environment and in the future as their business grows.
Figure 7-1. ProLiant server lifecycle management
The HP approach to infrastructure With HP infrastructure management, IT staff can gain precise
management includes a complete control of their infrastructure through built-in intelligence that
portfolio of server management can be easily accessed remotely and is simple to use. HP
solutions that address the entire infrastructure management includes the lifecycle of critical
lifecycle to meet the challenges of operations: configuration and provisioning for rapid
ever-increasing business demands deployment, system health monitoring with proactive failure
and complexity in todays data notification, firmware updates, and automated simplified
center. support management.

Server lifecycle management with on-system tools


HP delivers on-system management embedded in every ProLiant Gen9 server. As shown in Figure 7-
2, this comprehensive set of management tools manages the server lifecycle from provisioning
through monitoring, optimizing, supporting, and retiring.
Figure 7-2. On-system tools
On-system management tools for ProLiant servers include:
Embedded management
iLO
BIOS/UEFI
RESTful Interface Tool
Scripting tools
Scripting Toolkit (STK) for Microsoft Windows and Linux
PowerShell
Firmware maintenance
Intelligent Provisioning
SSA
HP SUM
HP Service Pack for ProLiant (SPP)

HP iLO
HP iLO management technologies consist of the iLO management processor and a suite of embedded
management technologies that support the server lifecycle, from initial deployment through ongoing
management and service alerting.
The iLO capabilities that ship standard on all ProLiant Gen8/Gen9 servers include:
HP Agentless Management
HP Active Health System
Embedded remote support
The Adaptive ProLiant Management Layer A P M L uses one unified platform Additional
(APML) feature was designed for iLO 4 on definition per server and rule-based iLO
ProLiant Gen9 servers. It improves thermal adaptations for configuration differences functions
management and reduces the time spent to remove arbitrary limits on the number include:
creating/maintaining thermal solutions. This of sensors and fans. APML enables
abstraction method provides a user- more flexible fan and power supply
transparent method to update system health redundancy rules and includes inter-
and fan data without flashing the system integrated circuit (i2C) bus topology
ROM. APML permits online updates with no information that was previously stored
system reboot for fan/thermal data. in system management BIOS records.
Monitor server health. iLO monitors temperatures in the server and sends corrective signals to the
fans to maintain proper server cooling. iLO also monitors firmware versions and the status of fans,
memory, the network, processors, power supplies, and internal storage.
Access a high-performance and secure Integrated Remote Console to the server from anywhere in
the world. Use the shared .NET Integrated Remote Console to collaborate with up to four server
administrators.
Remotely mount high-performance Virtual Media devices to the server.
Use Virtual Power and Virtual Media from the GUI, the command-line interface (CLI), or the iLO
scripting toolkit for many tasks, including the automation of deployment and provisioning.
Securely and remotely control the power state of the managed server.
Monitor the power consumption and server power settings.
Register a ProLiant Gen8 or Gen9 server for HP Insight Remote Support.
Configure Kerberos authentication, which adds the HP Zero Sign In button to the login screen.

Out-of-band management with iLO


Out-of-band management (Figure 7-3) uses a dedicated channel for device maintenance. It enables
you to remotely monitor and manage servers and other network equipment even when the server is off
and regardless of whether the operating system is installed or functional. It allows access to BIOS
settings and enables reinstallation of the operating system.

Figure 7-3. Out-of-band management


Out-of-band In-band management, The iLO subsystem iLO also allows you to
management by contrast, runs on includes an intelligent implement Agentless
is also called software that must be microprocessor, secure Management with SNMP alerts
lights-out installed on the memory, and a dedicated from iLO, regardless of the state
management. system. It works only network interface. This of the host server. When enabled,
iLO is the after the operating design makes iLO SNMP alerts are sent directly by
HP out-of- system has been independent of the host iLO, regardless of the host
band booted. In-band is a server and its operating operating system or whether a
management less expensive system. The iLO host operating system is
solution. It solution, but it does subsystem is a standard installed. Embedded remote
monitors all not allow access to component of ProLiant support software is available on
key internal BIOS settings or the servers that simplifies ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers
subsystems. reinstallation of the initial server setup, server with iLO 4, regardless of the
operating system, and health monitoring, power operating system software and
it cannot be used to fix and thermal optimization, without installing operating
problems in the boot and remote server system agents on the server.
process. administration.

Connecting to iLO
iLO can be accessed using several user interfaces:
Web-based interface (Figure 7-4)To access the iLO 4 web interface, use local user accounts or
domain user accounts. Local user accounts are stored inside iLO 4 memory when the default user
administrator is enabled.

Figure 7-4. iLO logon screen


Secure Shell (SSH)With the SSH interface, use the most important iLO 4 features from a text-
based console.
iLO scripting and command lineThe scripting and command line can be used to configure
multiple iLO systems, to incorporate a standard configuration into the deployment process, and to
control servers and subsystems.
REST APIiLO 4 firmware version 2.00 and later includes the REST API. The REST API is a
management interface that server management tools can use to perform configuration, inventory,
and monitoring of a ProLiant server using iLO.
iLO mobile appThe iLO mobile app provides access to ProLiant servers from mobile devices.
The mobile app interacts directly with the iLO processor on ProLiant servers, providing total
control of the server at all times as long as chassis power is on.
iLO innovation over time
Driving every ProLiant server is the iLO management processor. With 18 years of hard work and
experience, HP has capitalized on built-in core functionality and outstanding remote capabilities in
iLO.
As shown in Figure 7-5, significant iLO innovations over the years include:

Figure 7-5. iLO innovation


1996Remote Insight Board (RIB) provides remote text-console access.
1999Remote Insight Lights-Out I (RILOE I) provides graphical remote console and virtual power
on/off.
2001RILOE II provides Virtual Media.
2003iLO 1 provides Integrated Remote Console and kernel-based virtual machine (KVM).
2005iLO 2 provides embedded System Power Monitoring.
2011iLO 3 provides remote console technology and several performance improvements.
2013iLO 4 provides Intelligent Provisioning, Agentless Management, Active Health System,
Embedded Remote Support, and iLO Federation.

HP ProLiant Pre-boot Health Summary


If a ProLiant Gen9 server does not start up, iLO can be used to display diagnostic information on an
external monitor, as shown in Figure 7-6. This feature is supported on servers that support external
video and have a UID button or an SUV connector. When the server is off and power is available,
iLO runs on auxiliary power and can take control of the server video adapter to show the Pre-boot
Health Summary.
Figure 7-6. ProLiant pre-boot health summary
To view the Pre-boot Health Summary:
1. Verify that the server is off and power is available.
2. Do one of the following:
Press the UID button on the server.

Caution
To use this feature, press and release the UID button. Holding it down at any time for more
than five s initiates a graceful iLO reboot or a hardware iLO reboot. Data loss or NVRAM
corruption might occur during a hardware iLO reboot.

Log in to the iLO web interface. Change the UID state to UID ON by clicking the UID icon at the
bottom right corner of any iLO web interface window.
Plug in a Serial USB VGA (SUV) connector.
The ProLiant Pre-boot Health Summary screen is displayed and remains until the server is powered
on, the UID state is changed to UID OFF, an SUV connector is removed, or an iLO reboot
completes. The following information is listed:
Server model number
Server serial number
Product ID
iLO IP address (IPv4 and IPv6)

Note
The IP address information is displayed only if Show iLO IP during POST is set to
Enabled on the Administration Access Settings page in iLO.

iLO hostname
iLO firmware version
ProLiant System ROM version
ProLiant System ROM backup version
iLO complex programmable logic device (CPLD) version
System CPLD version
Embedded Smart Array version number

Note
This value is displayed only if server POST has successfully completed since the last
auxiliary power cycle.

Critical events

Note
The most recent critical events from the IML are displayed with the most recent event
displayed first.

iLO Federation
Todays enterprise IT administrators face management problems directly related to scale-out
environments that continue to be managed with existing tools not designed for these environments.
These problems include how to communicate with thousands of servers to discover and manage these
systems in a timely manner, using server data that is current and relevant. Traditional management
environments are based on outdated hierarchical models and present a single point of failure.
Monitoring and Administrators iLO Federation In the past, iLO These core
managing server have typically eliminates the iLO operated Federation technologies
status in large managed large need for on a one-to- uses the provide
data center infrastructures adjusting one approach, industry- reliability and
environments by using scripts scripts during meaning that standard interoperability
with traditional and Dynamic server administrators multicast and include the
methods, such as Host migration and could only approach following
the use of hosts Configuration data center re- look at one and provides capabilities:
files or ping Protocol architecture iLO at a time. multicast
sweeps (using (DHCP). efforts. It also iLO methods,
direct Current removes Federation is a allowing
interrogation), are approaches reliance on fully other
time consuming. also use trust tools for distributed systems to
Server status systems that external method for discover
information can typically communication. performing iLOs. iLO
be inaccurate by employ back iLO Federation discovery of uses a peer-
the time it is doors or standardizes multiple to-peer
reported. Ping impose the several fields systems, self- management
sweep burden of a within the organizing system, in
approaches to public key protocol so that those systems which the
iLO discovery infrastructure a ping sweep into groups, iLOs
and software (PKI) to approach is establishing communicate
updates take configure still possible trust, and with each
between one and secure and adds extra securely other and
two minutes per communication. information to communicating share the
server. This These support direct between workload of
means that in approaches are interrogation of systems. managing all
large server limited in their responders. the systems.
farms, essential ability to scale The closest
management tasks and deployment iLO neighbor
can take days. In complexity. is identified
addition, direct as a peer.
interrogation is The local
used to discover iLO
additional identifies its
devices, which peers
might not be on through
the same subnet. multicast
These conditions discovery.
allow many
existing solutions
to cross network
boundaries. This
IT infrastructure
discovery
solution does not
scale well.
On-system intelligenceRobust scalability, self-healing, and no single point of failure.
Real-time self-discoveryWith multicast discovery of any bare-metal server, iLOs can be
discovered after the server receives auxiliary power.
Group membershipiLOs can be configured with federation settings and configured to be a
member of a group. iLOs that are members of the same group will discover each other on the
network and begin reporting data/distributing commands.
SecurityiLO Federation uses shared key encryption to implement trust requirements and ensure
high levels of security.

Federation in iLO 4
iLOs can be grouped, and then activities can be directed to the group of iLOs. When iLO systems are
in the same iLO Federation management group, the iLO web interface on one system can be used to
manage all of the iLO systems in the group. As shown in Figure 7-7, iLO Federation provides the
following functionality:

Figure 7-7. iLO 4 Federation menu


Multi-System ViewGet a summary of the status of multiple systems at one time.
Multi-System MapDisplay information about the iLO systems in a selected group.
Group Virtual MediaProvide an ISO image to the systems in the group.
Group PowerPower the systems up and down.
Group Power SettingsConfigure Automatic Group Power Capping for multiple servers.
Group Firmware UpdateProvide updates to the iLOs on multiple systems.
Group ConfigurationSet up and remove groups.
In addition, iLO 4 firmware version 2.00 and later support the following features:
Group license installation
Group configuration

Important
iLO systems in the same iLO Federation group must use the same version of iLO 4 firmware.

Group Health Status


Using the Multi-System View enables you to drill into various displays. Clicking a server name
filters by that server. Clicking the iLO hostname or IP address launches the iLO web interface.
Group Health Status provides an overview that shows system summary information. To view the
status for a configured group of servers:
1. Navigate to the iLO Federation Multi-System View page.
2. Select a group from the Selected Group menu.
As shown in Figure 7-8, the page displays the following information for the servers in the selected
group:
Figure 7-8. Group Health Status
Health informationThe number of servers in each listed health status. The percentage of the total
number of servers that is in the listed health status is also displayed.
Model informationThe list of servers, grouped by ProLiant model number. The percentage of the
total number of servers for each model number is also displayed.
Critical and Degraded SystemsThe list of servers with a Critical or Degraded status.

Group Health Status: Critical and Degraded Systems


The Critical and Degraded Systems view (Figure 7-9) displays additional details for systems that are
not OK, including:
Figure 7-9. Critical and Degraded Systems
System Name, System Health, System ROM version
Server Power and UID Indicator
iLO Hostname and IP Address
From the Critical and Degraded Systems view, you can determine the severity of the issue:
A status of Degraded means that a system component has changed to a less robust state (single fan
failure, single points of failure, and so forth).
A status of Critical indicates that a condition has occurred that might cause a system to fail
(overheating, all fans fail, and so forth).

Group Virtual Media


The Group Virtual Media feature (Figure 7-10) enables you to connect scripted media that can be
accessed by the servers in an iLO Federation group. Scripted media refers to connecting images
hosted on a web server by using a URL. iLO will accept URLs in HTTP or HTTPS format. FTP is not
supported.

Figure 7-10. Group Virtual Media


When using Group Virtual Media, note the following:
Scripted media can be connected to the iLO systems in an iLO Federation Management group.
Scripted media supports only 1.44 MB floppy images (.img) and CD/DVD-ROM images (.iso).
The image must be located on a web server on the same network as iLO.
To use the Group Virtual Media feature with an iLO Federation group, ensure that each member of
the group has granted the Virtual Media privilege to the group.
Only one of each type of media can be connected to a group at the same time.
You can view, connect, eject, or boot from scripted media.
Note
Before using the iLO Virtual Media feature, review the operating system considerations in
the iLO 4 User Guide. Visit http://www.hp.com/go/hpsc the hyperlink the hyperlink to
access the user guide.

Group Virtual Media screens


The Group Virtual Media screens (Figure 7-11) provide fields for entering a URL representing an
ISO image or a CD/DVD-ROM image. iLO also supports mounting an .img of a USB key; it does not
need to be a floppy .img image.

Figure 7-11. Group Virtual Media screens

Group Power Control


iLO Federation provides a way to control the power on all systems in a group or in multiple groups.
It is possible to control power to individual systems as well.
The Group Power feature (Figure 7-12) enables you to manage the power of multiple servers from a
system running the iLO web interface. You can:
Figure 7-12. Virtual Power Button
Power off, reset, or power cycle a group of servers that are in the On or Reset state
Power on a group of servers that are Off

Group Power Control: Affected Systems


The Group Power Control within iLO Federation provides a view of the systems that will be
impacted by administrator actions. This provides a bail-out mechanism before the actions are taken.
The Affected Systems window (Figure 7-13) provides a partial preview of the servers that will be
affected by pushing the Virtual Power Button.

Figure 7-13. Affected Systems

Group Power Capping


With iLO Federation, the Group Power Settings feature (Figure 7-14) enables you to set dynamic
power caps for grouped servers. Group Power Capping enables you to conserve energy costs by
controlling power to idling systems.
Figure 7-14. Group Power Capping
A separate power cap can be T o configure power capping settings for an iLO Federation
set for every group. With Management group, ensure that each member of the group has
Group Power Capping, the granted the Configure iLO Settings privilege to the group. When a
power caps that are set for a group power cap is set, the grouped systems share power in order to
group operate concurrently stay below the power cap. More power is allocated to busy servers,
with the power caps that can and less power is allocated to servers that are idle. When a power
be set on the Power Settings cap is set, the average power reading of the grouped servers must
page for an individual server. be at or below the power cap value.

Group Power Capping Settings


The Automatic Group Power Capping Settings section of the Group Power Settings page (Figure 7-
15) enables you to view measured power values, set a power cap, and disable power capping.

Figure 7-15. Group Power Capping Settings


The Measured Power Values section lists the following:
Maximum Available PowerIs the total power supply capacity for all servers in a group.
Peak Observed PowerIs the maximum observed power for the servers in a group.
Minimum Observed PowerIs the minimum observed power for the servers in a group.
During the Power-On Self-Test (POST), The Power Capping Settings section allows you to view
the ROM runs two power tests that measured power values, set a power cap, and disable
determine the peak and minimum power capping. The Current State section shows the
observed power values. current power consumption.
Present Power ReadingIs the current power reading for all servers in a group.
Present Power CapIs the configured power cap for all servers in a group. This value is 0 if the
power cap is not configured.

Group Firmware Update


This feature adds value to the task of upgrading the firmware on multiple systems. Rather than having
to spend several days upgrading individual systems, you can use the iLO Federation Group Firmware
Update feature (Figure 7-16) to update the firmware of multiple servers from a system running the
iLO web interface.

Figure 7-16. Group Firmware Update


Firmware types supported for update are:
iLO
ProLiant System ROM
System Programmable Logic Device
SL chassis firmware
iLO Federation discovery is a standard feature and allows for queries of data and viewing of iLO
information without a license. However, iLO Federation management requires an iLO Advanced
license in order to push data and define security groups. Licensing provides additional iLO
functionality, such as graphical remote console, multiuser collaboration, and video record/playback
along with many more advanced features. There are multiple levels of licensing depending on
business needs.

Note
The firmware images (raw .bin or .flash files) must be hosted on a web server on the same
network as the iLO, similar to virtual media, and entered as a URL on the Group Firmware
Update page.

Group Firmware Update views


When the firmware is being updated, the iLO Federation Group Firmware Update screen (Figure 7-
17) reports on the progress in real time.

Figure 7-17. Group Firmware Update views


The Group Firmware Update feature enables you to:
View the number of servers with each firmware version. The percentage of the total number of
servers with the listed firmware version is also displayed.
View the flash status for the grouped servers. The percentage of the total number of servers with the
listed flash status is also displayed.
View the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) status for the grouped servers. The percentage of total
servers with the listed TPM status is also displayed.

Note
A TPM is a computer chip that securely stores artifacts used to authenticate the platform.
These artifacts can include passwords, certificates, or encryption keys. TPM can also be
used to store platform measurements to ensure that the platform remains trustworthy. On a
supported system, iLO decodes the TPM record and passes the configuration status to iLO.
The iLO Overview page displays the following TPM status information:
Not SupportedA TPM is not supported.
Not PresentA TPM is not installed.
PresentThis indicates one of the following statuses:
A TPM is installed but is disabled.
A TPM is installed and enabled.
A TPM is installed and enabled, and Expansion ROM measuring is enabled.

UEFI
UEFI is a specification that defines the model for the interface between the operating system and
platform firmware during the boot, or start-up process. The goal for implementing UEFI in ProLiant
Gen9 servers is to modernize platform firmware and provide an interface that is not architecture
specific. UEFI standardizes interfaces between platform firmware and operating system (both boot
and run time). It also standardizes interfaces within platform initialization firmware and within pre-
boot UEFI environment/shell.
UEFI provides a pre-boot graphical user interface that is a ProLiant Gen9 servers introduce UEFI
common environment for configuring and updating system as the default BIOS firmware
and device firmware. Other pre-boot applications can be interface, although they continue to
launched such as the embedded UEFI diagnostics. UEFI support legacy BIOS settings. HP
also provides a pre-operating system network stack, Secure recommends that the UEFI default be
Boot, and expanded storage. The HP ROM-Based Setup used with all ProLiant Gen9 servers.
Utility (RBSU) functionality is available from the UEFI All current operating systems support
interface along with additional configuration options. UEFI boot mode and legacy BIOS
boot mode.

Note
Many newer option cards are only supported in UEFI mode and need UEFI compliant option
ROMs. One example is the HP Smart Array BL140i.

HP UEFI System Utilities overview


ProLiant Gen9 servers ship with HP UEFI System Utilities (Figure 7-18), which is embedded in the
system ROM. By using UEFI System Utilities, you can perform a range of configuration activities,
including:
Figure 7-18. UEFI System Utilities overview
Configuring system devices and installed options
Enabling and disabling system features
Displaying system information
Selecting the primary boot controller or partition
Configuring memory options
Launching other pre-boot environments such as the Embedded UEFI Shell and Intelligent
Provisioning

Accessing UEFI System Utilities


To access the UEFI System Utilities:
1. Reboot the server. The server starts up and the ProLiant POST screen appears.
2. Press F9 in the ProLiant POST screen. The 3. Use the up and down arrows 4. Press Enter to
System Utilities screen appears. to change a selection. select an entry.
5. Press Escape to go back to the previous screen.
UEFI System Utilities functions
The following functions can be accessed from the System Utilities screen (Figure 7-19):

Figure 7-19. UEFI System Utilities functions


System Configuration
One-Time Boot menu
Embedded Applications
System Information
Device Health Status
Select Language
Exit and resume system boot
Reboot the System

UEFI System Configuration screen


The System Configuration menu options (Figure 7-20) control a variety of server configurations.
Figure 7-20. UEFI System Configuration screen
The BIOS/Platform Configuration, formerly The iLO 4 Configuration Utility is embedded in
known as ROM-Based Setup Utility (RBSU), is the system ROM of ProLiant servers. This utility
embedded in the system ROM of ProLiant enables you to configure iLO 4 settings,
servers that support UEFI (such as all ProLiant including system BIOS configuration settings.
Gen9 servers and the HP ProLiant DL580 Gen8 The utility can be accessed from the physical
server). It provides options for system devices system console or by using an iLO Integrated
such as embedded NICs. Remote Console session.

Note
Options for system devices such as embedded NICs might also be present on the System
Configuration screen. These devices vary based on the particular system. Configure the
parameters for these devices as needed by selecting the device and pressing Enter.

BIOS/Platform Configuration screen


You can configure system BIOS settings from the BIOS/Platform Configuration screen ( Figure 7-21),
through the various menus.

Figure 7-21. BIOS/Platform Configuration screen

System Options
From the System Options menu, you can configure system settings such as:
Serial Port OptionsAssign COM port number and associated resources to the selected physical
serial port.
USB Options
Configure how USB ports and embedded devices operate at startup (USB Enabled [default],
External USB Port Disabled).
Configure USB Boot Support to prevent the system from booting any connected USB devices and
disable booting the iLO virtual media.
Select whether the system should attempt to boot external USB drive keys, internal USB drive
keys, or the internal SD card slot first.
Control the Virtual Install Disk, which contains server-specific drivers that an operating system
can use during installation. If this option is enabled, Windows Server automatically locates
required drivers and installs them.
Control the Embedded User Partition, which is a general-purpose disk partition on nonvolatile
flash memory embedded on the system board. After it is enabled, the partition can be formatted
using the server operating system software or by using the RESTful Interface tool. After the
partition is formatted, it can be accessed for read and write access from the server operating
system.
Set the operating mode of USB 3.0 ports
Processor OptionsConfigure processor options such as configuring Intel Hyperthreading,
processor core enablement, and x2APIC support.
SATA Controller Options Configure options such as selecting the Embedded SATA
configuration and configuring SATA Secure Erase.
Virtualization OptionsConfigure virtualization options such as Virtualization Technology, Intel
VT-d, and SR-IOV.
Boot Time OptimizationConfigure Boot Time Optimizations such as Dynamic Power Capping
and Extended Memory Test.
Advanced Memory ProtectionConfigure Advanced ECC Support (default), or Online Spare with
Advanced ECC Support.

Boot Options
From the Boot Options menu, you can configure settings such as:
Selecting a Boot ModeSet either UEFI boot mode (default on ProLiant Gen9 servers) or legacy
BIOS boot mode. The boot mode must match the operating system installation.
Setting UEFI Optimized BootMust be set to Disabled for compatibility with Windows Server
2008 and Windows 2008 R2 if the system is configured for UEFI boot mode. If enabled, the system
BIOS boots using native UEFI graphics drivers. If disabled, the system BIOS boots using INT10
legacy video support. This option must be enabled for VMWare ESXi and for Secure Boot to
operate properly.
Setting the Boot Order PolicyControl system behavior when attempting to boot devices per the
boot order and no bootable device is found.
Changing the UEFI boot order listChange the order of the UEFI boot list.
Accessing Advanced UEFI Boot Maintenance optionsConfigure advanced UEFI boot order
options, such as manually adding or deleting boot options.
Setting the Legacy BIOS Boot Mode orderIf a server is configured in legacy mode, the order
for legacy boot mode settings can be changed. This setting defines how the server looks for
operating system boot firmware.

Embedded UEFI Shell


Setting the Embedded UEFI ShellEnable or disable the embedded UEFI shell. The embedded
UEFI shell is a pre-boot command line environment for scripting and running UEFI applications,
including UEFI boot loaders.
Adding Embedded UEFI Shell to the boot orderAdd the embedded UEFI shell as an entry in the
boot order list. This option is only accessible when the embedded UEFI shell is enabled and boot
mode is set as UEFI.
Enabling the UEFI Shell Script Auto StartEnable or disable automatic execution of the default
UEFI shell startup script during shell startup. When enabled, the shell looks for the startup.nsh
(similar concept to autoexec.bat) file in any of the FAT16 or FAT32 file systems available.

Power Management
Setting HP Power Profile Select a power profile based on power and performance
characteristics.
Setting the HP Power RegulatorConfigure only when the Power Profile is set to Custom.
Select from HP Dynamic Power Savings Mode (default), which automatically varies processor
speed and power usage based on processor utilization, allows reducing overall power
consumption with little or no impact to performance, and does not require operating system
support.
Setting the Minimum Processor Idle Power Core C-StateSelect the processors lowest idle
power (C-State) that the operating system uses. The higher the C-State, the lower the power usage
of that idle state. This option can be configured only if the Power Profile is set to Custom.
Setting the Minimum Processor Idle Power Package C-StateConfigure the lowest processor
idle power state. The processor automatically transitions into package C-States based on the Core
C-States, in which cores on the processor have transitioned.
Accessing Advanced Power Management OptionsAccess advanced power options to enable
such features as Channel Interleaving and Collaborative Power Control. The QPI Link Frequency
can also be set to a lower speed, and it is possible to set the processor idle power state.

Performance Options
Configuring Intel Turbo Boost Technology Transition the processor to a higher frequency than
its rated speed if the processor has available power and is within temperature specifications. The
default is Enabled.
Setting ACPI SLIT TechnologyDescribe the relative access times between processors, memory
subsystems, and I/O subsystems. Operating systems that support the System Locality Information
Table (SLIT) use this information to allocate resources and workloads more efficiently. The
default is Disabled.
Accessing Advanced Performance Tuning Options Access the Advanced Performance Tuning
Options menu where you can configure options for performance tuning.

Server Security
Setting the Power-On PasswordSet a password for accessing the server during the boot
process.
Setting an Administrator PasswordSet an administrator password to protect the server
configuration.
Setting the F11 One-Time Boot MenuSpecify a boot override option for this boot only. This
option does not modify normal boot order settings.
Disabling Intelligent Provisioning (F10 Prompt)Disable access to Intelligent Provisioning from
the ProLiant POST screen.
Setting Embedded DiagnosticsEnable or disable Embedded Diagnostics, which is available
from the Boot menu. Embedded diagnostics include System Health, System Tests, Component
Tests, Test Logs, and IML Log.
Configuring the Embedded Diagnostics ModeConfigure Embedded Diagnostics to display in
graphical Auto mode (default) or Text Console mode.
Protecting a System from VirusesProtect a system against malicious code and viruses by
marking memory as non-executable unless the location contains executable code. This option
requires operating support.
Accessing Secure Boot optionsEnsure that each component launched during the boot process is
digitally signed and that the signature is validated against a set of trusted certificates embedded in
the UEFI BIOS.
Accessing the Trusted Platform Module (TPM)Allow the firmware and operating system to
take measurements of all phases of the booting process.

Additional options
Other options configurable from the BIOS/Platform Configuration screen are:
PCI Device Enable/DisableEnable or disable embedded and add-in devices. Disabling devices
re-allocates the resources that are normally allocated to the device. By default, all devices are
enabled.
Server AvailabilityEnable the automatic server recovery (ASR) status and timeout, configure
POST, and set the power button mode and power-on delay.
BIOS Serial Console and EMSView POST error messages and run RBSU remotely through a
serial connection to the server COM port or iLO Virtual Serial port. The remote server does not
require a keyboard or mouse.
Server Asset InformationModify server information, administrator contact information, service
contact information, and the system startup message.
Advanced OptionsAccess Advanced Options to configure ROM Selection, Video Options,
Embedded Video Connection, Fan and Thermal Options, and Advanced System ROM options.

Note
Not all ProLiant Gen9 servers support both 40c Ambient (ASHRAE 3) and 45c Ambient
(ASHRAE 4).

iLO 4 Configuration Utility


The iLO 4 Configuration Utility (Figure 7-22) is embedded in the system ROM of ProLiant servers
that support UEFI. This UEFI menu option enables you to configure iLO 4 settings. You can access
the iLO 4 Configuration Utility from the physical system console or by using an iLO Integrated
Remote Console session. Options include:

Figure 7-22. iLO 4 Configuration Utility


Network OptionsConfigure basic iLO network options such as IP address, subnet mask, gateway
IP address, DNS name, DHCP Enable, among others.
Advanced Network OptionsConfigure advanced iLO network options such as Gateway from
DHCP, DHCP Routes, DNS from DHCP, DNS Servers, WINS from DHCP, Domain Name, among
others.
User ManagementAdd, edit, and remove iLO user accounts.
Setting OptionsConfigure iLO access settings including iLO 4 Functionality, iLO 4
Configuration Utility, Require Login for iLO 4 Configuration, Show iLO 4 IP Address during
POST, and Local Users.
AboutView Firmware Date, Firmware Version, iLO CPLD Version, Serial Number, RBSU Date,
among other information.
Set to Factory DefaultsReset iLO to the factory default settings.

Caution
This operation clears all user and license data.
Reset iLOIf iLO is slow to respond, it can be reset. Resetting iLO does not make any
configuration changes, but it ends all active connections to iLO.

Boot Menu screen


Through the iLO 4 Remote Console, you can select a UEFI boot option for a one-time boot override.
This option does not modify predefined boot order settings. When using a USB key or virtual media
through the iLO 4 Remote Console, you must refresh this menu so the devices appear. Exit by pressing
Esc and then re-enter the One-Time Boot menu selection from System Utilities menu. This causes the
One-Time Boot menu (Figure 7-23) to refresh the content.

Figure 7-23. Boot Menu screen


Options include:
Run a UEFI Application from a file systemSelect this option to a run a UEFI application from a
file system. Browse all FAT file systems that are available in the system. It is also possible to
select an X64 UEFI application (with an .efi extension) to execute. It can be an operating system
boot loader or any other UEFI application.
Legacy BIOS One-Time Boot menuChoose a specific override option for this boot only. This
option does not modify boot order mode settings. The server needs to be rebooted for this change
to take effect.

Embedded Applications screen


Embedded applications (Figure 7-24) include:

Figure 7-24. Embedded Applications screen


Embedded UEFI ShellUse this option to access the Embedded UEFI Shell screen.
Integrated Management Log (IML)The IML provides a record of historical events that have
occurred on the server. Entries in the IML can help with diagnosing issues or identify potential
issues. The IML timestamps each event with one minute granularity.
Updating FirmwareUse this option to update firmware components in the system. Other
components can be updated, such as Smart Array and NIC using a binary ROM (or NIC or Smart
Array) update file obtained from HP.
Accessing Embedded DiagnosticsUse this option to access Embedded Diagnostics. Use the
Embedded Diagnostics to access health summary status, run system tests, component test, and view
test logs.
Intelligent ProvisioningIntelligent Provisioning is an essential single-server deployment tool
embedded in ProLiant Gen9 servers that simplifies ProLiant server setup, providing a reliable and
consistent way to deploy ProLiant server configurations. This option lets you select the Intelligent
Provisioning host override option for this boot only and does not modify the normal boot order or
boot mode settings.

System Information screen


The System Information menu (Figure 7-25) displays server details and can be used to check that the
firmware version was updated after applying an update. Information displayed includes:

Figure 7-25. System Information screen


System name and generation
Serial number
Product ID
User defaults
BIOS version
Backup BIOS version and date
System memory (GB)
Processor 1 to 4
iLO IP address
Embedded network devices

Device Health Status screen


The Device Health Status screen (Figure 7-26) enables you to check the health status of all devices in
the system. This screen displays:

Figure 7-26. Device Health Status screen


The presence of unsupported devices found during the boot process
Device errors and warnings

Embedded UEFI shell


The system BIOS in all ProLiant Gen9 servers includes an embedded UEFI shell (Figure 7-27) in the
ROM.
Figure 7-27. Embedded UEFI shell
Based on the UEFI shell specification, the shell environment provides an Access to the UEFI Shell
API and CLI that allow scripting, file manipulation, and obtaining system is enabled by default. It
information. The shell also runs other UEFI applications. These features can be accessed in one
enhance the capabilities of the UEFI System Utilities. of the following ways:
During server POST, press F11 (Boot Menu) in the ProLiant POST screen, select Embedded UEFI
Shell and press Enter.
Using a (virtual) serial console connection, boot to the UEFI shell and open a connection in an SSH
client application using the servers IP address. When the login prompt appears, enter the user
name and password. When the hpiLO-> prompt appears, enter vsp and press Enter. The UEFI
Shell> prompt appears.
Using a serial port on the server.

Embedded UEFI shell commands


The UEFI shell is a mini operating system and includes many commands to assist in the management
of the pre-boot environment. These commands include:
Shell> help bThe help command can be used with the b option to display one page at a time.
Press Enter to continue or q to exit help.
aliasDisplays, creates, or deletes UEFI Shell aliases.
attribDisplays or changes the attributes of files or directories.
cdDisplays or changes the current directory.
clsClears standard output and optionally changes background color.
compCompares the contents of two files on a byte for byte basis.
cpCopies one or more files or directories to another location.
dateDisplays and sets the current date for the system.
devicesDisplays the list of devices managed by UEFI drivers.
devtreeDisplays the UEFI Driver Model compliant device tree.
dhDisplays the device handles in the UEFI environment.
dmemDisplays the contents of system or device memory.
driversDisplays the UEFI driver list.
echoControls script file command echoing or displays a message.
editFull screen editor for ASCII or UCS-2 files.
eficompressCompresses a file using UEFI compression algorithm.
efidecompressDecompresses a file using UEFI decompression algorithm.
elseIdentifies the code executed when if is false.
endforEnds a for loop.
endifEnds the block of a script controlled by an if statement.
exitExits the UEFI Shell or the current script.
forStarts a loop based on for syntax.
fwupdateInvokes an HP UEFI Shell utility to update system BIOS firmware.
getmtcGets the MTC from BootServices and displays it.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/ProLiantUEFI/docs the hyperlink the hyperlink for a full list of
HP UEFI Shell commands.

HP REST API
Addressing challenges with the HP REST API
Today, many available tools for server management using scripting bring with them limitations
around automating, orchestrating, and management. Because scripting interfaces are not common
across HP management tools, HP is using the REST API ( Figure 7-28) as a standardized scripting
solution to address key challenges around:
Figure 7-28. REST API addresses scripting challenges
Unsecure remote capabilitiesRemote scripting is often not secure, triggering the need for another
mechanism to transport scripts to target nodes.
Learning and deploymentThis can be time consuming because a single command utility does not
work across server components with existing scripting tools. The learning curve increases because
administrators are required to learn different types of interfaces across the data center.
Scripting efficiencyUsing different tools creates complexity. Running the server through PXE for
updates also delays scripting. Running scripts on too many servers is not readily scalable.
Designed for ProLiant Gen9 servers, the REST API directly addresses scripting challenges in a way
that is:
SimpleEasier access to information eliminating multiple tools to run scripts and provision server
Remote and secureCapabilities leveraging industry-proven HTTPS protocol
ExtensibleAbility to script and expose new functionality with few or no firmware upgrade
dependencies

REST API
The REST API (Figure 7-29) is a management interface that server management tools can use to
configure, inventory, and monitor a ProLiant Gen9 server using iLO 4 v2.00. The REST API provides
a programmable interface and lightweight data model specification that is simple, remote, secure, and
extensible.

Figure 7-29. REST API


REST is a set of conventions describing A REST client sends REST has HP provides
a way to create, read, update, or delete HTTPS operations to thebecome a two options
information on a server using simple iLO web server to GET popular for REST
HTTP calls. It is an alternative to more and PATCH JSON-communication API
complex programming mechanisms such formatted data and to protocol on programming:
as SOAP, CORBA, and RPC. Simply configure supported iLOservice-
put, a REST call is an HTTP request to and server settings, such
oriented
the server. as UEFI BIOS settings. architecture
styles.
Use the REST API for direct programming with total tool-less access to do scripting or write
integration tools with open programming options.
Use the RESTful Interface Tool for simple scripting with command shells.
HP RESTful Interface Tool
The HP RESTful Interface Tool ( Figure 7-30) simplifies server configuration by using
industry-recognized REST APIs, enabling you to script provisioning beginning on ProLiant Gen8
(running iLO 4) and ProLiant Gen9 servers. The RESTful Interface Tool offers a single command-
line interface to configure various server components, plus document-allowed server configurations
and dependencies. The REST API for UEFI can be used to configure settings through this CLI.

Figure 7-30. REST Interface Tool


The RESTful Interface Tool is key to enabling software-defined computing for the new style of IT.
Benefits include:
Easy customizationA single command line to simplify customizing workflows and scripts by
standardizing a set of commands that interacts with all server components
Reduced travel costsCapability to remotely manage servers
Reduced deployment complexityEnablement of any of the three modesinteractive, scriptable,
or file-basedto program and execute scripts easily
Simplified scriptingSelf-descriptive tool to reduce the learning curve

HP scripting tools
Two scripting tools are available from HP:
Scripting Tool for Windows PowerShellA powerful set of utilities that you can use to perform
various configuration tasks on ProLiant servers, the Scripting Tool for Windows PowerShell is
designed for customers familiar with Windows PowerShell. It is Microsofts task automation
framework, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language built on
Microsoft .NET Framework. It follows the standard PowerShell syntax and scripting model,
making it easy for customers to incorporate these functions into their administrative scripts.
HP Scripting Tool for Windows PowerShell uses lightweight commands (cmdlets) that better
enable integration with the current IT ecosystem, allowing retrieval of firmware versions from
multiple enclosures and servers. PowerShell Onboard Administrator cmdlets enable retrieval of
firmware versions from multiple BladeSystem enclosures and servers, and pipe information to
cmdlets that update enclosures, blade, and enclosure options.
Ideal for enterprises looking for fast and effective HP hardware configuration using the standard
PowerShell architecture and scripting model, the HP Scripting Tool for Windows PowerShell is
available for free download.
Scripting Toolkit (STK) for Windows and Linux (Figure 7-31)A server deployment product that
allows customers to automate the configuration and installation for high-volume ProLiant server
and BladeSystem infrastructure deployments. It includes command line utilities for configuring and
deploying servers in a customized, predictable, and unattended manner. STK automates firmware,
drivers, and server maintenance. It uses industry-recognized APIs, enabling you to script
provisioning across generations of servers. These utilities enable customers to duplicate the
configuration of a source server on target servers with minimal user interaction.
Figure 7-31. Scripting Toolkit for Windows and Linux

HP Intelligent Provisioning
HP Intelligent Provisioning enables out-of-the box single-server deployment and configuration
without the need for media. It addresses the complexity of server maintenance and offers improved,
embedded server configuration and operating system deployment. It eliminates much of the
complexity required to deploy a bare-metal server and allows a system to be deployed faster than
conventional methods. New features for ProLiant Gen9 servers include a refreshed GUI, and the
ability to access 1 TB of HP StoreVirtual virtual storage appliance (VSA) storage through Intelligent
Provisioning at no additional cost.

Intelligent Provisioning overview


Intelligent Provisioning (Figure 7-32) is a single-server deployment tool embedded in ProLiant Gen8
and Gen9 servers that replaces the SmartStart CDs and Smart Update Firmware DVD used with
previous generations of ProLiant servers. It simplifies ProLiant server setup by providing a reliable
and consistent way to deploy ProLiant servers.
Figure 7-32. Intelligent Provisioning
Intelligent Provisioning uses iLO Federation for discovery and reporting activities. When iLO
Federation management is configured on the network, you can store Intelligent Provisioning server
profiles on the network. If a profile is stored by an iLO Federation management group member on
the network on one server, the same profile can be installed on any other server in the group by
selecting it from the drop-down menu on the Deployment Settings page. Advantages of Intelligent
Provisioning include:
Eliminates many of the steps it takes to deploy a bare-metal server
Allows a system to be deployed and online much faster
Clones server installation setup and files transfer from one server to another simultaneously across
numerous servers at once instead of updating them independently of one another one at a time
Uses features within iLO Federation for rapid discovery of new devices

Accessing Intelligent Provisioning


To access Intelligent Provisioning, power on or reboot the server and press F10 when prompted
during the server POST. When you access Intelligent Provisioning, one of the following happens:
If this is the first time you are using Intelligent Provisioning, on-screen prompts provide guidance
through initial configuration and registration tasks.
If Intelligent Provisioning was previously accessed and the initial configuration and registration
tasks are complete, the Intelligent Provisioning home page is displayed. In the home screen (Figure
7-33), select one of the following menus to use Intelligent Provisioning:

Figure 7-33. Accessing Intelligent Provisioning


Configure and Install menu
Perform Maintenance menu
To exit Intelligent Provisioning, reboot the server by clicking the power icon at the top right of the
page.

Intelligent Provisioning setup: Step 1


The Set Preferences screen (Figure 7-34) appears automatically the first time Intelligent Provisioning
runs on a server. To set up the software, you must perform the following steps:
Figure 7-34. Intelligent Provisioning setup
1. Choose the interface language and keyboard language.
2. Confirm that the system date and time are 3. Read and 4. Enter 5. Select the active NIC
accurate. To change the date or time, click the accept the End network from the list, and then
displayed date or time and use the displayed User License settings. choose from one of the
calendar or clock to select the new values. Agreement following IP addressing
(EULA). schemes:
DHCP Auto-ConfigurationHP recommends selecting DHCP to have IP addresses assigned
automatically to servers.
IPv4 StaticSelecting IPv4 adds four new fields: the static IPv4 address, network mask,
gateway address, and DNS address.
IPv6 StaticSelecting IPv6 adds two fields: the static IP address and the gateway address.
6. Specify whether a proxy is being used. If there is a proxy on the network, it might need to be
configured for use with features that communicate across the network. If Use Proxy is chosen, enter a
proxy address and port.
Important
When entering the proxy address, make sure to include the appropriate protocol (ftp, http, or
https). If the protocol is not included, the installation of VSA might fail.

7. Enter iLO network settings. Select one of the following iLO network IP addressing schemes:
DHCP Auto-ConfigurationHP recommends selecting DHCP to have IP addresses assigned
automatically to servers.
IPv4 StaticSelecting IPv4 adds four new fields: the static IPv4 address, network mask,
gateway address, and DNS address.
OffSelecting Off makes this server unavailable through iLO.
8. Select a delivery option for System Software Updates for Intelligent Provisioning.
HP websiteHP recommends selecting this option to be prompted when updates are available
and download all software updates for the server from hp.com.
HTTP/FTPWhen prompted, enter an address in the URL field.
DisableSelect this to disable automatic updates if it is planned to update system software
manually.
9. Click the Continue right arrow to proceed automatically to Step 2: Activating Intelligent
Provisioning.

Intelligent Provisioning setup: Step 2


To activate Intelligent Provisioning and make it available during server POST:
1. Select Activate (Recommended) (Figure 7-35).

Figure 7-35. Make Intelligent Provisioning available during server POST


2. Click the Continue right arrow to proceed automatically to Step 3: Registering for Insight Remote
Support.
To disable Intelligent Provisioning:
1. Select Disable (Not Recommended).
2. Click the Continue right arrow. The server reboots. During POST, F10 is in red text on the screen,
indicating that the F10 key is disabled and Intelligent Provisioning is no longer accessible.
To re-enable Intelligent Provisioning:
1. Reboot the server and, when prompted, press F9 to access the UEFI System Utilities.
2. From the System Utilities screen, select System Configuration BIOS/Platform
Configuration (RBSU) Server Security Intelligent Provisioning (F10 Prompt) and press
Enter.
3. Select Enabled.

Intelligent Provisioning setup: Step 3


Insight Remote Support provides automatic submission of hardware events to HP to prevent
downtime and enable faster issue resolution. It is possible to register directly to HP (Figure 7-36) or
through an Insight Remote Support hosting device.

Figure 7-36. Registering Insight Remote Support


Insight Online direct connectRegister a server to communicate directly with Insight Online
without the need to set up an Insight Remote Support centralized hosting device in the local
environment. Insight Online will be the primary interface for remote support information. Insight
Online is an HP Support Center feature that enables IT staff to view remotely monitored devices
anywhere, anytime. It provides a personalized dashboard for simplified tracking of IT operations
and support information, including a mobile dashboard for monitoring on the go.
Insight Remote Support central connectRegister a server to communicate with HP through an
Insight Remote Support centralized hosting device in the local environment. All configuration and
service event information is routed through the hosting device. This information can be viewed
using the local Insight Remote Support Console or the web-based view in Insight Online (if it is
enabled in Insight Remote Support).

Intelligent Provisioning: Installing the operating system


To use Intelligent Provisioning to configure the hardware and install an operating system on a
ProLiant server, follow the on-screen prompts in the Configure and Install menu to complete the tasks
in the following four screens:
1. Hardware Settings
2. OS Selection 3. OS Information
4. Review
Each Configure and Install screen provides a guided method of configuring the server, installing an
operating system, and updating the system software.

Intelligent Provisioning: Hardware settings


In the first configuration screen (Figure 7-37), enter global settings to control power use, software
updates, and array configuration.

Figure 7-37. Intelligent Provisioning Hardware Settings screen


Select the power management system profile to use. These profiles set a basic policy for
performance versus power usage without having to configure individual settings through the UEFI
System Utilities menus. The current (or a recommended) profile is displayed, but to change the
settings, the options include:
No Change
Balanced Power and Performance
Minimum Power Usage
Maximum Performance
The suggested default varies. If Intelligent Provisioning Select whether Enter array
detects existing settings on the server that match one of these to perform a configuration
profiles, that profile is displayed in the System Profiles field.software update specifications for
If Intelligent Provisioning detects settings that do not match before the the servers
one of the profiles, No Change is displayed in this field. operating system storage subsystem.
is installed. Options include:
Keep Current SettingUses existing settings to maintain any previously constructed arrays. Use
this option when reprovisioning a server. This option is displayed only when valid logical drives
are present on the server. For new server installations, this option is not displayed.
Recommended SettingsThe Smart Storage Administrator (SSA) polls any drives that are present
and builds an appropriate array for those drives. For example, if two drives are connected to the
Smart Array card, the setup defaults to RAID 1. HP recommends selecting this option when
initially provisioning a server.

Caution
Selecting this choice resets all disks (and arrays, if any are present). Because no arrays or
disk data are present during a first-time setup, this does not affect the server. However, if
this option is chosen when reprovisioning a server, data and any disk arrays can be lost.

CustomizeOpens SSA (after clicking the Continue right arrow) and allows you to choose array
settings.
Select the Confirm Fibre Channel and iSCSI configuration settings. If discovered, the Fibre
desired target Channel and iSCSI information is displayed at the bottom of the screen. Intelligent
controller Provisioning supports installation to iSCSI targets and to shared storage devices.
from the Before an installation is started, the devices must be set up outside of Intelligent
drop-down Provisioning, using options that appear during POST, or through their setup
menu if more applications. In addition, the boot controller order needs to be set correctly in the
than one is UEFI System Utilities before installation.
available.

Intelligent Provisioning: Operating system selection


On the screen shown in Figure 7-38, specify the OS family to install and the installation method.
Available supported operating system families include:
Figure 7-38. Intelligent Provisioning Operating System Selection screen
Microsoft Windows
Red Hat Linux (not displayed if Secure Boot is enabled)
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (not displayed if Secure Boot is enabled)
VMware ESXi/vSphere Custom Image
If the operating system you are looking for is not listed, it might not be supported for use with the
controller model, or you might need to update ProLiant firmware.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/supportos the hyperlink the hyperlink for more for information
about supported operating systems and drivers.

Important
Download an HP custom ISO before the installation from the HP website before installing
VMware. Visit http://www.hp.com/go/esxidownload the hyperlink the hyperlink to
download an HP custom ISO. Ethernet port 0 must be active.

Select an installation method. Depending on the operating system family selected, installation
choices vary, including the suggested default.

Note
If updates are available, a message appears on the screen providing guidance on the proper
steps for incorporating them into Intelligent Provisioning.

Options might include:


RecommendedUses HP defaults to configure the server software and firmware, partition storage,
and install the operating system with HP drivers. HP recommends selecting this option for first-
time server setup.
CustomizedEnables individual configuration of the options for server software and firmware
updates, storage partitioning, and operating system installation with HP drivers. Select this option
if there are specific parameters that differ from the recommended settings, such as for storage
partitioning.
ManualInstalls the operating system from a custom operating system CD/DVD. After selecting
this option, insert the provided CD/DVD so that the server can reboot from the operating system
CD/DVD. When using the Manual Installation method, the Virtual Install Disk (VID) is enabled
automatically and a USB mass-storage device appears with the name of the VID during the
operating system installation process. The VID contains a limited set of storage and networking
drivers, so any required SAS/iSCSI/FCoE adapter can be loaded in the event that the operating
system disk does not have the appropriate drivers. Because the VID and the custom CD/DVD might
not contain all of the needed drivers, it might be necessary to create a driver CD/DVD to ensure
that all required drivers are installed and that the operating system can install successfully.
Select the source media from which the operating system is being installed. Media types include:
Disc (default)A standard bootable operating system DVD/CD-ROM media and virtual media
through iLO
Network shareThe network share that contains the operating system installation files
FTPThe FTP server that contains operating system installation files
USBThe USB flash drive that contains the operating system installation files

Note
Only FAT-formatted USB drives are supported. For operating system image files that cannot
copy to the USB unless it is NTFS-formatted, use a different source media, such as a DVD,
network share, or FTP server.

If installing from a CD/DVD disk or USB drive, insert the media.

Intelligent Provisioning: Operating system information


Depending on the operating system that is being installed, you might be prompted to perform the
following steps, as shown in Figure 7-39:
Figure 7-39. Intelligent Provisioning Operating System Information screen
1. Select the operating system and the keyboard language.
2. Enter the product key (not displayed for all operating systems). This is the Product ID number. If
a product key is not entered and one is required, the operating system installation pauses
indefinitely, prompting for the key to be entered. The installation resumes after the product key is
entered.
3. Enter the computer name (optional) and an administrator password (optional).
When installing an operating system, you can deploy VSA software, which enables IT staff to create
fully featured shared storage on a virtualized server. StoreVirtual VSA is a virtual machine that
supports hypervisor environments. VSA provides shared storage for both VMware ESX/ESXi and
Microsoft Hyper-V hypervisor environments.

Intelligent Provisioning: Review


The Review screen (Figure 7-40) displays hardware and operating system settings. Continuing past
this screen installs the operating system and configures the server.
Figure 7-40. Intelligent Provisioning Review screen

Caution
Continuing past this screen resets the drives to a newly installed state and installs the
selected operating system. Any existing information on the server is erased. This does not
affect a first-time setup, because there is no data present on the server.

1. Review the information on the screen and confirm its accuracy.


2. If these same settings need to be used at a later time to install and configure a different server,
select Create a deployment setting from the assisted install.

Note
Because deployment settings profiles support only the settings provided in the
Recommended installation methods, if this is a customized installation, settings that are
unique to the customized installation method are not captured.

3. Click the Continue right arrow to begin the automated installation and configuration process.
Depending on the deployment settings, a variety of screens are displayed, providing progress
information about the installation.
During the installation and configuration process, consider the following:
A EULA might be displayed for Windows installations.
The Firmware Update screen might be displayed at this time, depending on the following two system
settings:
In the Step 1: Set Preferences screen, System Software Update must have been enabled.
In the Step 1: Hardware Settings screen, Update before OS Install must have been selected.
If the Firmware Update screen is If attempting to deploy an operating For Windows
displayed, follow the on-screen system on a server with no installed installations, messages
prompts to obtain and install the drives, the server reboots, and after about an untested
latest firmware on server POST, a page is displayed indicating Windows version and
components. When the updates that the settings are being applied. hpkeyclick messages
are complete, the Installing OS The deployment does not proceed, might be displayed when
page is displayed, ready to begin but messages are written to the the drivers are installed.
the operating system installation. Integrated Management Log (IML). This is expected
behavior. No action is
required.

Perform Maintenance
The Perform Maintenance screen (Figure 7-41) provides access to numerous maintenance-related
tasks, including:

Figure 7-41. Perform Maintenance screen


Active Health System downloadDownload Active Health System telemetry data from the server
onto a USB key in the form of an Active Health System log file. After you download the Active
Health System log, the log file can be sent to HP when support cases are opened to assist with
troubleshooting. HP support uses the log file for problem resolution.
Firmware UpdateProLiant Gen9 servers and their installed hardware options are pre-loaded
with the latest firmware, but updated firmware might be available. Use the Firmware Update utility
to find and apply the latest firmware for ProLiant server and installed options.
Intelligent Provisioning PreferencesChange basic preferences, including the interface and
keyboard languages, network and share setting, system date and time, and software update settings.
In addition, the EULA is accessible from this screen.
Deployment SettingsCreate a server configuration package that can be deployed to one or more
ProLiant Gen9 servers and server blades using a USB key and iLO scripting. Using deployment
settings is an alternative to using the Scripting Toolkit.
Smart Storage AdministratorThis utility provides high-availability configuration, management,
and diagnostic capabilities for all Smart Array products.
Insight DiagnosticsCaptures system configuration information and provides detailed diagnostic
testing capabilities. Insight Diagnostics provides a comprehensive suite of offline system and
component tests, providing in-depth testing of critical hardware components for devices such as
processors, memory, and hard drives. During offline testing, the user-installed operating system is
not running.
Quick ConfigsSet a power management policy through Intelligent Provisioning without having to
configure individual settings through the UEFI System Utilities.
iLO configurationView and change iLO settings through Intelligent Provisioning, instead of
through the iLO web interface.
Insight Remote SupportInsight RS provides automatic submission of hardware events to HP to
prevent downtime and enable faster issue resolution. Use this screen to register or unregister for
Insight Remote Support.
Erase UtilityClear hard drives and the Active Health System logs, and reset the RBSU settings in
the UEFI System Utilities.
License ManagementActivate the iLO Advanced License Pack and the HP SmartCache License
Pack.

Note
iLO Federation Discovery is a standard feature and allows for queries of data and viewing
of iLO information without a license. However, iLO Federation Management requires an
iLO Advanced license in order to push data or define security groups. Licensing provides
additional HP iLO functionality, such as graphical remote console, multiuser collaboration,
and video record/playback along with many more advanced features. There are multiple
levels of licensing depending on business needs.

HP Smart Storage Administrator


HP SSA is the main tool for configuring storage on Smart Array controllers. SSA is an advanced
utility that enables you to perform many complex configuration tasks.

SSA features and functions


Previously, other HP configuration utilities, including the HP Array Configuration Utility (ACU) and
Option ROM Configuration for Arrays (ORCA), were recommended for storage configuration.
Although ACU is still supported, SSA replaces it starting with ProLiant Gen8 servers. SSA provides
full-range support for standard configuration tasks and provides support for advanced configuration
tasks.
Benefits of using SSA over other configuration utilities include:
GUI, CLI, and scripting interfaces
English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Simplified Chinese, and Spanish languages
Files can be executed using a Software CD, the web, or embedded in the system through Intelligent
Provisioning
All formats can run in both online and offline environments
The utility can run on any machine that uses a supported browser
SSA features and functions include:
Support for HP Secure EncryptionA controller-based data encryption solution for ProLiant
Gen8 and Gen9 servers that protects data at rest on any bulk storage attached to a Smart Array
controller.
SSD Over Provisioning OptimizationIs a feature that optimizes solid-state devices (SSDs) by
deallocating all used blocks before any data is written to the drive. The optimization process is
performed when the first logical drive in an array is created and when a physical drive is used to
replace a failed drive.
Rapid Rebuild PriorityThis setting determines the urgency with which the controller treats an
internal command to rebuild a failed logical drive. SSA offers four settings: low, medium, medium
high, and high.
Auto RAID 0Creates a single RAID 0 volume on each physical drive specified, enabling the user
to select multiple drives and configure as RAID 0 simultaneously.

SSA home page


The Smart Storage Administrator quick navigation menu is in the top, left-hand corner of the screen of
the SSA home page (Figure 7-42). Clicking the down arrow displays the available devices, and
clicking one of the available devices displays additional information and options for the device.
Return to a server home screen, or choose Configuration or Diagnostics for a device listed.
Figure 7-42. SSA home page
Features include:
Available devices are listed on the left-hand side of the screen. Clicking a server or array controller
displays the available actions, alerts, and summary for that device. Point to the status alerts to see
details on an alert.
Whats New? summarizes the changes since Array Configuration Utility became Smart Storage
Administrator and since the previous versions of SSA.
The Refresh button is near the top right of the screen. After adding or removing devices, click
Refresh to update the list of available devices.
The Help button is near the top right of the screen.

SSA Controller actions screen


Selecting a controller from the left-hand pane displays the actions page for that controller. As shown
in Figure 7-43, available actions include:
Figure 7-43. SSA Controllers Actions screen
ConfigureModify Controller Settings, Advanced Controller Settings, Modify Spare Activation
Mode, Clear Configuration, among others
DiagnoseArray diagnostic report and SmartSSD Wear Gauge Report

SSA Configure screen


To access the SSA Configure screen (Figure 7-44), either click a device under Configuration in the
quick navigation menu or select an available device from the Home screen, and then click Configure
under the available options.

Figure 7-44. SSA Configure screen


The Configure screen displays the GUI elements from the Welcome screen and lists available
actions, status messages, more detailed information, and a controller configuration summary for a
selected controller. When a controller is selected, the following elements appear:
Selected Controller, Controller Devices, and Tools This panel, at the left, displays systems,
controllers, arrays, physical drives, logical drives, and a cache and license manager.
ActionsThis panel, in the middle, provides the following information:
Tasks that are available for the selected device based on its current status and configuration.
Options and information pertinent to the task, after a task is selected.
Status MessagesThis panel provides:
Status icons with the number of individual alerts for each category.
A view all status messages link that displays device-specific alerts.
Controller Configuration SummaryThis panel provides a summary of the following elements:
Data arrays
Data drives and logical drives
Unassigned drives

SSA Diagnostics screen


When you select either the Array Diagnostic Report or the SmartSSD Wear Gauge Report on the SSA
Diagnostics page (Figure 7-45), the available actions on the Actions panel include viewing the report
or saving the report.

Figure 7-45. SSA Diagnostics screen

Note
The SSA Diagnostics feature replaces the Array Diagnostic Utility supported by SmartStart
v8.20 and earlier.
SSA generates the following reports and logs:
Array diagnostic reportThis report contains information about all devices, such as array
controllers, storage enclosures, drive cages, as well as logical, physical, and tape drives. For
supported SSDs, this report also contains SmartSSD Wear Gauge information.
SmartSSD Wear Gauge reportThis report contains information about the current usage level
and remaining expected lifetime of SSDs attached to the system.
Serial output logsThis log details the serial output for the selected controller.
For each controller, or for all of them, the following tasks can be selected:
View Diagnostic Report
Save Diagnostic Report
View SmartSSD Wear Gauge Report
Save SmartSSD Wear Gauge Report
For the view tasks, For either task, the report can be saved. In Each SSA Diagnostics report
SSA generates and online and offline environments, SSA saves contains a consolidated view
displays the report or the diagnostic report to a compressed of any error or warning
log. For the save folder, which contains an XML report, a conditions encountered. It also
tasks, SSA generates plain text report, and a viewer file, so the provides detailed information
a report without the report can be displayed and navigated using for every storage device,
graphical display. a web browser. including the following:
Device status
Configuration flags
Firmware version numbers
Physical drive error logs
SSA Diagnostics never collects information about the data content of logical drives. The diagnostic
report does not collect or include the following:
File system types, contents, or status
Partition types, sizes, or layout
Software RAID information
Operating system device names or mount points

SSA Array details screen


The Array Details (Figure 7-46) screen displays logical drives and their member physical drives.
Actions include:
Figure 7-46. SSA Array details screen
Manage data drives
Manage spare drives
Split mirrored array
Delete array
Create split mirror backup

Creating a logical drive


To create a new logical drive (array):
1. Select a controller and click Create Array.
2. Select the physical drives for the new logical drive (Figure 7-47).
Figure 7-47. Creating a logical drive
3. Make selections for RAID Level, Strip Size/Full Stripe Size, Sectors/Track, and Size.
4. Click Create Logical Drive.

HP Smart Update solution


There are three distinct elements to the HP Smart Update solution:
HP Smart ComponentsEach firmware or driver update is a self-contained executable that takes
care of updating the existing firmware or driver with a newer release and double-checks that it is
indeed executing against the right hardware. The Smart Components contain the intelligence to
perform the update when the operating system is up and running.
HP Service Pack for ProLiant (SPP) and firmware bundles for IntegrityThese are collections
of Smart Components bonded by XML files and HP Smart Update Manager (HP SUM). Each
downloadable set is heavily tested for coherency and interdependencies in the HP Labs. The
results of the interdependency testing are coded into HP SUM.
HP SUMThis is the installer that guides the user through the necessary steps to install a new set o
updates. It is easy to use with graphical user interface, command-line, and scripting capabilities. It
supports ProLiant servers, Integrity servers, and BladeSystem enclosures. It can perform updates
immediately or on a schedule and can reboot immediately after update, drive the operating system
to delay the reboot by up to an hour, or wait for a reboot that is part of a regularly scheduled
maintenance protocol.
A s shown in Figure 7-48, SPP and HP SUM facilitate firmware and driver maintenance by
maximizing:

Figure 7-48. Smart Update


Stability with a unified solution composed of firmware, drivers, and agents that are tested and
encoded interdependent
Uptime with online updates for all Windows, Linux, and a growing number of VMware
ESXi/vSphere 5 updates requiring a single reboot to activate
Supportability with detail reporting or one year full support for every SPP, mixed enclosures, or
baseline customizations

HP SUM features
HP SUM 7.1 enhancements allow you to provision multiple systems based on user-defined templates,
ultimately reducing deployment time. HP SUM 7.1 provides a single interface for firmware driver
and software updates across the HP server portfolio. iLO Federation management provides
scalability enhancements when used with HP SUM 7.1:
Automatically discover iLO Federation groups on the management network.
Update applicable firmware (iLO, BIOS, and CPLD) on ProLiant servers in offline mode. HP SUM
can update firmware for all HP optional devices. This is accomplished through the iLO Federation
Group virtual media by mounting the HP SUM ISO and booting it to update all the firmware
contained in the system. This requires the servers to be rebooted to the HP SUM image.
HP SUM 7.1 deployment capabilities include:
VMware VIBs and Linux firmware RPMs
Enhanced deployment experience by viewing deployment logs during the deployment process (also
known as Live logs)
Enhanced hard disk drive (HDD) firmware deployment for selective HDD update (limited to
firmware packages that support this)
HP SUM 7.1.0 also enables you to perform a guided update by specifying a baseline for deploying
packages to the local host. You can also download a baseline from hp.com or an HTTP server.
Other baseline capabilities included with HP SUM 7.1.0 are:
Custom baseline enhancements
Filter by server model
Dynamic filters for package selection based on the packages in the baseline
Add baseline capability enhancements
Ability to download a baseline from an HTTP server
Ability to abort downloading a baseline from hp.com or an HTTP server
Delete baseline capability enhancements report which nodes are requesting a baseline deletion
Validate baseline capability verifies that all the files are present in the baseline

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/hpsum the hyperlink for more information and documentation on
HP SUM.

HP SUM and iLO Federation


When you log in to HP SUM, it automatically searches for iLO Federation groups on connected
networks. HP SUM searches each group and displays the nodes that respond to the HP SUM search.
The Edit scalable update group screen is used to enter the IP address and user credentials for one
node in the iLO Federation group that HP SUM uses as the interface for inventory and deployment to
the nodes in the group.
Whe n you select a group, HP SUM displays The HP SUM iLO Federation feature (Figure 7-
information about the group, including a 49) relies on proper configuration of iLO
description, server types, number of servers, and Federation groups before launching HP SUM.
installed firmware versions. HP SUM displays the Multiple iLO Federation groups with the same
PMC, CPLD, System ROM, and iLO firmware. HP name or fragmented iLO Federation groups
SUM only deploys system ROM and iLO firmware result in HP SUM only working with a portion
to iLO Federation group nodes. of the expected systems.
Figure 7-49. HP SUM and iLO Federation
Other systems ask iLOs for data on a periodic basis and store that data in a database. They might
request server data such as temperatures, profiles, or firmware versions from iLO once an hour and
store that in the servers database or HP OneView appliance. This is less scalable than the iLO
Federation approach, which includes virtual real-time updates.

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. What advances does the ProLiant Gen9 line introduce into the HP iLO solution?
a. Improved thermal management
b. Agentless Management
c. Active Health System
d. Embedded remote support

2. What are elements of the Smart Update Solution? (Select three.)


a. Smart Components
b. Service Pack for ProLiant
c. Secure Encryption
d. Smart Update Manager
e. SmartCache

3. A customer is running Microsoft Windows Server 2012 on a ProLiant Gen9 server and needs to
access the UEFI System Utilities. What must the customer do?
a. Press Control+B and select HP UEFI System Utilities.
b. Reboot the server and press F9 when the POST screen appears.
c. From the Server Management Page, select HP UEFI System Utilities.
d. Reboot from the HP SmartStart media and select HP UEFI System Utilities.

4. Which generation of ProLiant servers was the first to support the RESTful Interface Tool for script
provisioning?
a. Gen5
b. Gen6
c. Gen8
d. Gen9

5. The SSA Diagnostics screen provides access to which functions? (Select two.)
a. Storage RAID Report
b. DDR4 ECC Report
c. Power Consumption Report
d. SmartSSD Wear Gauge report
e. Array Diagnostic Report

Answers
1. A is correct. Improved thermal management is part of the ProLiant Gen9 innovations.
B, C, and D are incorrect. Agentless Management, the Active Health System, and embedded remote support have all been
long-standing features of iLO.
2. A, B, and D are correct. Smart Components, Service Pack for ProLiant, and Smart Update Manager are all components of
the Smart Update Solution.
C and E are incorrect. C is incorrect because Secure Encryption protects data at rest on any bulk storage attached to a
Smart Array controller. E is incorrect because SmartCache is a controller-based read caching system for DAS solutions.
3. C is correct. The proper step is to reboot the server and press F9 when the POST screen appears.
A, D, and E are incorrect. None of these actions would allow you to access UEFI.
4. C is correct. The RESTful Interface Tool is supported in ProLiant Gen8 servers and later.
A, B, and D are incorrect. ProLiant Gen5 and Gen6 servers do not support the RESTful Interface Tool. (ProLiant Gen9
servers do support the interface tool, but were not the first to do so.)
5. D and E are correct. The SSA Diagnostics screen provides access to the SmartSSD Wear Gauge report and the Array
Diagnostic Report.
A, B , and C are incorrect. The SSA Diagnostics screen does not provide access to the Storage RAID Report, the DDR4
ECC Report, or the Power Consumption Report.
8 Provisioning an Infrastructure

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you learn to:
Explain how to use HP on-premise management tools to provision an infrastructure
HP OneView
HP Insight Control server provisioning (ICsp)
Explain how OneView and ICsp work together
Explain how OneView coexists with legacy management tools
Describe OneView extensibility

Introduction
This chapter continues an exploration of server lifecycle management for ProLiant servers, which
includes on-system, on-premise, and on-cloud management tools. In this chapter, the focus is on using
on-premise tools to provision an infrastructure. The chapter concludes with a section on how
OneView coexists with legacy applications and with plug-ins for VMware vCenter and Microsoft
System Center.

Server lifecycle management for ProLiant


As shown in Figure 8-1, HP meets management needs at every stage of the server lifecycle with three
types of solutions:
Figure 8-1. On-premise lifecycle management
On-premise managementOneView, a software-defined management platform, accelerates IT
service delivery through automated configuration and lifecycle management and faster virtual
machine (VM) provisioning, and it helps accelerate the transition to Infrastructure-as-a-Service
(IaaS) and hybrid cloud.
On-system managementOn-system management provides embedded tools and scripting tools on
all HP servers that increase server administrator productivity and simplify the server management
experience. On-system management portfolio includes Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
(UEFI), HP Intelligent Provisioning, HP integrated Lights-Out (iLO), HP Smart Update Manager
(HP SUM), HP Service Pack for ProLiant (SPP), and HP Scripting Tools (Scripting Toolkit for
Linux and Microsoft Windows and, HP Scripting Tool for Windows PowerShell), and the HP
representational state transfer (REST) application programming interface (API).
On-cloud managementHP Insight Online is a cloud-based infrastructure management and support
portal providing fast problem resolution and easy access to the information you need to support
your IT environment. Customers can use the Insight Online dashboard to track device health,
service events and support cases, view device configurations, create custom reports, and
proactively monitor HP contracts and warranties. The Insight Online dashboard in the HP Support
Center Mobile App allows customers to stay up to date when on the go.

HP OneView overview
HP OneView ( Figure 8-2) is a software-defined management platform that addresses the challenges
of manual operation, human error, and limited extensibility in virtualized BladeSystem and rack
server environments. It is an optimal management platform for BladeSystem environments. By
capturing processes, configurations, and best practices in software, OneView creates a modern
collaborative management approach that automates the deployment and management of infrastructure
repeatedly, reliably, and at scale.

Figure 8-2. OneView overview


The software-based approach to lifecycle management in OneView automates operations, reducing
the cost and time to deliver IT services. This approach includes a fully programmable interface for
easily creating customized workflows and scripts, as well as configuration profiles for push-button
builds that instantly deliver resources without mistakes or variation.

OneView architecture
OneView features an integrated resource model that is highly interconnected and consistent. OneView
is designed with a single model across different resources to present a simplified view to the user. IT
staff do not need to use four different tools with four different views and models of the same thing.
As illustrated in Figure 8-3, this advanced architecture connects the resources with a common
representation of servers, networks, storage, and the other elements comprising the converged
infrastructure. The domain-specific representation of resources also models their associations and
interdependencies so that each area contributes to the one view of the converged infrastructure.
The OneView architecture also separates the management and data backplanes in accordance with
industry best practices, which can be particularly critical in stopping denial-of-service (DoS)
attacks.
Figure 8-3. OneView architecture
OneView is a resource-oriented solution focused on the entire hardware lifecyclefrom initial
configuration to the ongoing monitoring and maintenance of both logical resources (such as server
profiles, networks, and connections) and physical resources (such as servers, interconnects, and
enclosures).

Resource managers
OneViews resource-oriented architecture provides a uniform REST interface. Every resource has
one Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and represents a physical device or logical construct. REST
APIs are used to manipulate resources.
A single, consistent resource OneView includes several resource managers that manage
model is embodied in an dedicated physical and logical components and interact with other
HTML5 user interface and the components to make OneView work. The following resource
REST API. managers are available:
Environmental Resource Manager (data centers, racks, power delivery devices, unmanaged devices,
and so on)
Physical Server Resource Manager (servers and enclosures)
Connectivity Resource Manager (interconnects, storage area networks, and local area networks)
Profile Resource Manager

OneView features and functions


OneView offers the following features:
Converged Infrastructure groups and server profiles
Enclosure groups and logical interconnect groups
Network sets and uplink sets
Pervasive Smart Search and Map View
System health monitoring
Firmware management and updates
Environmental management (such as power, thermal)
Remote management (through iLO Advanced)
Easy-to-set up management appliance
Optimized for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers
Full access through the REST API and a state-change message bus (SCMB)
OneView provides the following functions:
A single, integrated management environment for a converged infrastructure that enables IT teams to
work and collaborate in a more natural and automated way
An intuitive interface and powerful search capabilities
Open architecture and a software development kit (SDK) for integration with enterprise management
tools and applications
In addition to remote management and environmental management of the data center, OneView
enables efficient, reliable, nondisruptive, and simple firmware management across the data center
with firmware baseline capabilities.

Note
OneView is intended to replace the capabilities found in HP Systems Insight Manager (HP
SIM), Insight Control, and HP Virtual Connect Enterprise Manager (VCEM).

REST API
OneView features an open development platform designed to adapt rapidly to business needs. This
programmable platform, built on the REST API, allows enterprises to scale beyond data center walls
to the cloud. REST is a web service that uses basic create, read, update, and delete (CRUD)
operations performed on resources using HTTP POST, GET, PUT, and DELETE. The REST API can
be used to automate, integrate, and customize anything that can be done from the user interface (UI)
using a favorite scripting or programming language. Applications conforming to REST constraints are
known as RESTful.
The REST API is designed for After setting up the OneViews open API and SCMB enable easy
those who want to access the OneView integration into the full capabilities of the
full power of the management appliance, the management architecture. The SCMB interface
architecture. A consistent API, software-defined allows custom scripts and integrations to be
a common data model, and an templates can be notified of changes to managed resources (both
SCMB replace the more configured logical and physical) through asynchronous
random approach found in automatically. For messaging. For example, integration scripts
traditional systems. REST example, it is not could be notified whenever new server
APIs provide a simpler, necessary to hardware is added to the managed environment
stateless, and scalable manually set up or when the health status of physical resources
approach, so users can easily clustering, changeswithout having to continuously poll
integrate, automate, and establish the for status through the REST APIs. All
customize on their own. heartbeat network, communication between external data
Developers are also interested install the consumers and internal components is
in REST APIs because they management server conducted through the REST interface. Open
are common to two-thirds of operating system, integration can address a variety of user needs,
todays top web environments. install the including:
application, or
configure separate
services.
Automating standard workflows and troubleshooting steps
Automating integrations (for example, a configuration management database)
Connecting to service desks
Monitoring resources, collecting data, and mapping and modeling of systems
Exporting data to formats that suit individual needs
Attaching custom databases, data warehouses, or third-party business intelligence tools
Integrating in-house user customizations

Note
V i s i t http://hponeview.codeplex.com/ and https://github.com/HewlettPackard/python-
hpOneView for more information on the PowerShell and Python libraries for OneView.

OneView appliance
OneView is delivered as a virtual appliance running in a VMware ESXi or Microsoft Hyper-V
virtual machine. It can manage servers running Microsoft Windows or Linux operating systems,
because it manages the platform, not the operating system.

Note
In the past, configuration of the management server has been challenging for customers. By
using an appliance, HP provides a predefined system that is pre-configured and tuned to
provide a high quality, highly secure, and highly available management appliance.
The OneView appliance comprises both open source To install OneView, VMware
components and custom HP internally developed components. vSphere Hypervisor Client must be
It is delivered as an Open Virtual Format (OVF) package for installed on the host system, and it
installation on a vSphere Hypervisor host. The OneView OVF is necessary to have access to a
package is distributed in Open Virtual Appliance (OVA) VMware vCenter server to install
format. OneView.

OneView appliance and BladeSystem management


Virtual Connect provides a wire-once, change-ready environment to make it easy for you to manage
dynamic network environments at the server edge. HP BladeSystems and ProLiant server blades
enjoy simplified monitoring by using a streamlined alert management architecture that automatically
sets up monitoring for managed resources.
When a BladeSystem enclosure is added to an environment, the OneView appliance automatically
detects all of the hardware seated in the enclosure and prepares it to be brought under management.
The appliance:
Updates the Onboard Administrator (OA), Virtual Connect interconnect module, and server iLO
firmware to the minimum version required
Configures each Virtual Connect interconnect module
Configures the OA, which includes configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) and a single sign-on
(SSO) certificate for UI access
Configures each server iLO, which includes configuring an SSO certificate for UI access
Configures the hardware for monitoring, which includes configuring the automatic registration of
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) traps
Automatically detects and presents HP Intelligent Power Distribution Unit (iPDU) power devices so
that they can be brought under management
T h e OneView appliance provides Transitioning existing infrastructure from being managed by
several networking features to Virtual Connect Manager (VCM) to being managed by
streamline network resource OneView requires inventory and evaluation of the current
provisioning for server blades and to environment before initiating the transition. After the
manage configuration changes, inventory has been completed, you should evaluate when
including firmware updates, to Virtual and how the environment should transition to OneView
Connect interconnect modules. management.

Important
OneView cannot import existing Virtual Connect domain configurations; therefore,
enclosures added to OneView should not be part of the existing Virtual Connect domain. If
an enclosure is managed by VCM, remove it from the Virtual Connect domain before adding
it to OneView. Do not select a host system located in an enclosure that must be managed with
OneView. You can, however, select a host system on a ProLiant rack-mount server that
needs to be managed with OneView. If a user attempts to import an active VCM
configuration into OneView, the configuration will be removed.

OneView can manage up to 40 enclosures (640 servers). Multiple OneView appliances can be used
to manage larger environments until this limit is raised.

Note
OneView is not a manager of managers and does not support federation of OneView
appliances.

OneView components
OneView provides a fast user interface that streamlines the number of steps required to accomplish
key tasks in the data center. As shown in Figure 8-4, it provides a variety of powerful, easy-to-use
tools:

Figure 8-4. OneView components


DashboardDisplays capacity and health information
Groups, profiles, and templatesAutomate configuration of key server, storage, and network
resources
Map ViewEnables visualization of the relationships between devices, up to the highest levels of
the data center infrastructure
Smart SearchInstantly displays needed information for increased productivity, with search
support for all the elements in the inventory (such as alerts)
Activity screenDisplays and filters all system tasks and alerts

OneView user interface


Figure 8-5 provides a brief introduction to the OneView user interface. Components include:
Figure 8-5. Features of the OneView user interface
Main menuIs the primary menu for navigating to resources. Click the icon to expand the menu.
Master paneLists all resource instances that have been configured on the appliance. In some
cases, a status icon indicates general health of the resource.
Details paneProvides all information known about a selected resource instance. To see details
about a particular resource instance, click its name in the master pane.
View selectorEnables you to control the information displayed about a resource to focus only on
what is relevant to the current task.
Map viewProvides a graphical representation of the relationships between the current resource
and other resources.
Activity controlFor the current login session, expands or hides a sidebar of recent appliance,
resource, or user activity.
Session controlTracks who is currently logged in to the appliance and the duration of each login
session. It also enables editing of some user account information, depending on user credentials.
Help controlProvides access to help for the UI and REST API and access to the OneView online
user forum.
Actions menuProvides the actions that are available to run on the current resource. Actions
include, but are not limited to, adding, creating, deleting, removing, and editing a resource
instance. If a user does not have the appropriate permissions to perform an action, the action does
not appear on the Actions menu.
Activity paneShows recent alerts and task activity for the current resource.
Filters paneAllows filtering of alerts that are displayed for a resource.
OneView main menu
As shown Figure 8-6, the OneView main menu lists the most commonly used items on the right, least
used items on the left, and top down with each of the six major categories:

Figure 8-6. OneView main menu


GeneralConnects to the OneView dashboard, which provides an at-a-glance view of the overall
status of the OneView appliance and all the physical components under management. From the
dashboard, you can easily access management and configuration functions for individual elements
such as server profiles, interconnect modules, and networks.
The Activity page presents a listing of alerts and task status for which there are extensive options
for filtering. Drill down into each entry in a multistep manner to ascertain additional details. The
General category also provides access to the firmware bundle management area.
ServersEnables you to create server profiles for assignment to servers. A server profile has
features such as the ability to assign a virtual local area network (VLAN) or set of VLANs to a
FlexNIC, or a storage area network (SAN) to a FlexHBA. There are several other options for
managing the types of managed rack and server blade hardware, the specific entries for each
server, and the enclosure objects that contain server blades.
NetworkingEnables you to define LAN and SAN network objects, define uplinks for connectivity
to LAN and SAN switches, and manage the containers for interconnect modules.
StorageEnables you to manage storage arrays, storage disks, and logical unit numbers (LUNs).
FacilitiesEnables you to manage power and rack system components. This includes creating a 3D
view of the racks with intelligent power components such as intelligent PDUs and intelligent
power connectors.
SettingsEnables you to perform activities including managing virtual addresses and identifiers
(MAC addresses, WWNs, and serial numbers) and configuring various networking settings for the
OneView appliance, manage backups, and add licenses. The Users and Group option enables you
to configure management users.

OneView Dashboard
The OneView appliance Dashboard (Figure 8-7) provides an overview of system activity and alerts.
The Dashboard provides an at-a-glance visual health summary of the appliance resources that the user
is authorized to view, such as:

Figure 8-7. OneView dashboard


Server profiles
Server hardware
Enclosures
Logical interconnects
Appliance alerts
The status icons displayed for each resource link to the resource screens in the GUI for more
information. The status of each resource is indicated by a color:
GreenHealthy status.
YellowAn event has occurred that might require attention.
RedA critical condition has occurred that requires immediate attention.
BlueThe percentage of resource instances that match the data being measured (a solid blue graph
indicates 100%).
Light grayThe remainder of resource instances that do not match the data being measured (used in
combination with blue).
Dark grayResource instances reporting status other than OK, warning, or critical; that is, they are
disabled or unknown.

OneView server profiles


As shown in Figure 8-8, server profiles capture key aspects of the server configuration in one place,
enabling IT staff to provision converged infrastructure hardware quickly and consistently according
to best practices.

Figure 8-8. OneView server profiles


A server profile can contain the following configuration information about the server hardware:
Basic server identification information
Connections to Ethernet networks, Ethernet network sets, and Fibre Channel networks
Firmware versions
BIOS settings
Boot order
Physical or virtual universally unique identifiers (UUIDs), media access control (MAC) addresses,
and World Wide Name (WWN) addresses

Map View
Map View (Figure 8-9) enables users to examine the configuration and understand the relationships
between logical and physical resources in the data center. This view provides immediate visibility
into resources from the individual Ethernet and Fibre Channel networks all the way up to the
enclosure, rack, and top-level physical data center. Map View was designed to be highly interactive
and useful even at large scale.

Figure 8-9. Map View

Note
Map View is resource-centric. Everything above the selected resource is an ancestor.
Everything below the selected resource is a descendant. A line connecting boxes indicates a
direct relationship, such as server blades in an enclosure. Other items can be indirectly
related to the resource, such as logical interconnect groups and server profiles.
HP Smart Search
The banner of every screen includes the Smart Search box, which enables users to find
resource-specific information such as specific instances of resource names, serial numbers, WWNs,
and IP and MAC addresses. Smart Search makes locating resources by model as simple as entering
the model string (for example, BL660), making it easy to inventory or take action on a desired set of
devices.
Whether you are looking for all resources in a The default search behavior is to focus on the
given enclosure, or looking for one server using resource currently being viewed. However, to
a certain MAC address, Smart Search instantly broaden the scope of a search across all
provides the relevant information. resources, select Everything (Figure 8-10).

Figure 8-10. Smart Search


Certain resources do not include the option to When a user starts entering text, search
choose between the current resource or Everything, suggestions are provided based on pattern
in which case the default search is for Everything. matching and previously entered search
criteria.
Select a suggestion to change the filter to the suggestion and submit it (as if Enter had been pressed)
Press Enter to see the list of search matches.
For a resource match, the master pane is filtered to match the search input.

Note
Enter complete words or names as search criteria. Partial words or names might not return
the expected results.

When you enter a multi-word search term, the results show matches for all words entered.
Activity screen
The Activity screen (Figure 8-11) provides a log of health and status notifications. The appliance
verifies the current activity of resources in the environment, and it posts alerts to the Activity screen
and to the associated resource screens.

Figure 8-11. Activity screen


The Activity screen is also a database of all tasks that have been runeither synchronously or
asynchronouslyand initiated by the user or system. It is similar to an audit log, but provides more
detail and is easily accessed from the UI.

Data Centers screen


OneView enables IT staff to define the physical attributes of data centers and power systems. The
Data Centers screen (Figure 8-12) provides a 3-D model of the environment, which can be used for
planning and organization. It also displays power and temperature data, enabling the consumption
rates and health of the data center to be monitored.
Figure 8-12. Data Centers screen
The appliance monitors and displays peak temperatures for racks and their components, which can
help identify potential cooling issues in a data center.

Group management
An enclosure group is a set of BladeSystem enclosures that use the same configuration, such as
network connectivity and firmware versions for the Onboard Administrator and interconnect modules.
All members of an enclosure group use the same logical interconnect group. Figure 8-13 shows
enclosure group EG1 using logical group LIG1.
Figure 8-13. Group management
When you add an enclosure in OneView and assign an A logical interconnect group is a group
enclosure group, the interconnects in the enclosure are of logical interconnects that share the
configured automatically according to the logical same configuration for network
interconnect group associated with the enclosure group. connectivity. A logical interconnect
Enclosure groups enable you to provision multiple group is the set of physical
enclosures consistently and predictably in seconds. interconnects and their links, including:
Uplinks to data center networks as mapped by their uplink sets
Downlinks to the servers
Stacking links (connections to each other)
When defining configurations using logical interconnect groups and enclosure groups:
You can provision multiple enclosures with consistent network configurations in seconds.
You are not required to take action every time an enclosure is installed because the network
configuration is defined by the enclosure group.
OneView help features
As shown in Figure 8-14, OneView includes extensive help features, with online help topics specific
to the page currently being viewed. Alternatively, you can search through the online table of contents,
use the index, or search for a keyword.

Figure 8-14. OneView help features


The OneView Forum is also a useful resource to search for troubleshooting topics that have been
posted, and users can also post their own questions.

Note
The entire help contents are available off-line as a ZIP file on the enterprise information
library. Visit http://hp.com/go/oneview/docs to download the ZIP file.

Using OneView
Adding an enclosure
The process of adding an enclosure brings the rack, the enclosure, and the enclosures server
hardware and interconnects under management. The information available from the Add Enclosure
screen is shown in Figure 8-15.
Figure 8-15. Add Enclosure screen
To add an enclosure:
1. On the OneView main menu, select Enclosures.
2. On the Enclosures page, click Add 3. Provide the enclosures IP address or Domain Name
Enclosure . The Add Enclosure window System (DNS) host name, along with the enclosures OA
appears. credentials.
4. Select among several options.

Note
The name associated with the enclosure is the enclosure name set in the OA and is not the
same as DNS name of the OA module.

When adding an enclosure, The logical interconnect As a result of this type When you add
specify an enclosure group to itself is a collection of of design, an an enclosure,
which the enclosure will be interconnect modules, interconnect failure the existing
assigned along with an which corresponds to results in failover to configuration is
associated logical interconnect pairs of Virtual Connect another interconnect erased from the
group. The logical interconnect modules (FlexFabric and therefore ensures a enclosure. Any
group defines a single logical 10Gb, FlexFabric- server maintains component (OA
interconnect within the 20/40 F8, Flex-10/10D, network connectivity. module, Virtual
enclosure. In effect, this is the and Flex-10). NIC teaming in the case Connect
networking profile or Interconnects in an of LAN traffic, or module, or iLO
personality for network enclosure share Multipath I/O (MPIO) processor) with
connectivity this enclosure will resources on their in the case of storage firmware that
support. In other words, a uplinks, share available traffic, must be does not meet
logical interconnect group does networks, and offer the implemented by the the minimum
for Virtual Connect modules same connectivity to the server operating system firmware
what a server profile does for server blades on their to ensure that failover requirement is
servers. downlinks. can be accomplished. also updated.

Note
If a second OA module is added to a managed enclosure that previously had only one OA
module, the enclosure must be refreshed in the OneView GUI.

Adding a server blade


The only way to add a server blade is to insert it physically into a device bay of a managed
enclosure. When you insert a server blade in an enclosure, an alert is sent to the enclosure.
O ne of the first actions that you should If the server blade is manageable, OneView Lastly,
perform is to check the iLO firmware. If obtains the LAN on motherboard (LOM) and a
the firmware is below the minimum mezzanine card details, the specific server check
requirements, a dialog box is displayed model, its UUID, and the field replaceable unit for an
prompting you to update the iLO firmware. (FRU) data. If OneView has not previously iLO
If the firmware cannot be updated because managed this server hardware type, the server license
of an error, the server is assigned hardware type is added as a new entry to the is
unmanaged status. For older hardware, database. OneView then proceeds to configure made
which includes ProLiant G6 and older the iLO SNMP trap receiver and read to set
server blades, the server is assigned the community string, single sign-on setting, and the
unsupported status. NTP servers. license
type.
Adding a rack server
The process for adding a rack server to OneView is different from adding a server blade. To add a
rack server, begin by specifying the iLO IP address and user credentials in the Add Server
Hardware screen (Figure 8-16).

Figure 8-16. Add Server Hardware screen


OneView attempts to claim the rack server using an iLO blob named ipmanager.

Note
The term blob is commonly expanded to mean binary large object or basic large object.
A blob is a programming concept that represents a file-like object of raw data that cannot be
modified. It could correspond to a collection of binary data stored as a single entity in a
database, an image, an audio or other multimedia object, or even a binary executable.
If the ipmanager blob exists, OneView checks to OneView uses the iLO Remote Insight Board
see if the rack server has already been claimed. If Command Language (RIBCL) for all data
the rack server has been claimed by another retrieval. However, no NIC or storage data is
OneView instance, then the Add server retrieved. OneView then configures the rack
hardware action fails. However, a force add of server for SSO and creates a local iLO user
the rack server can be performed. account with a long, random password.

Server blade hardware


Figure 8-17 shows an example of the Server Hardware Overview page for a server blade. This
page can be viewed by clicking within the OneView banner (shown in upper right of this image)
under the down arrow and then selecting Server Hardware . The Overview page appears by
default.

Figure 8-17. Server blade Hardware Overview screen


The Overview page gives an at-a-glance view of the server There are also two other views
hardware, system utilization, and adapter ports. There are also that provide a connectivity map
several drill-down views that can be accessed from this page to of the server within the
provide more details about the server hardware, utilization, and enclosure and a list of activity
adapter ports. log messages.

Rack-mount server hardware


Figure 8-18 shows an example of the Server Hardware Overview page for a rack-mount server. It is
accessed in the same manner as a server blade page and provides the equivalent type of information.
The one exception is that information on the servers ports is not available.
Figure 8-18. Server Hardware Overview screen
The equivalent drill-down views can also be accessed for a rack server with the exception being
that no data is provided for the rack servers adapter ports.

Firmware management baselines


OneView consumes Service Pack for ProLiant (SPP) and HP SUM. Figure 8-19 shows how SPP
works in OneView to add a firmware bundle.
Figure 8-19. Specifying firmware management baselines
When you add enclosures and OneView supports only Virtual OneView can manage and
servers to the managed Connect 3.15 and later as the configure Virtual Connect
environment, you can specify a minimum firmware version for interconnect modules that have
firmware baseline for the OA adding a logical interconnect to a minimum firmware version of
and iLO modules. If a the appliance. If an interconnect 4.10. Any module that has an
firmware baseline exists, the module has an earlier version of earlier firmware version when
OA and iLO modules are Virtual Connect firmware, HP it is added to the appliance is
updated automatically to have recommends using the Virtual flagged for a firmware update.
the minimum firmware Connect Support Utility (VCSU) The flagged modules remain in
versions required to be to update the firmware to version an unmanaged state until the
actively managed by the 3.15 before adding the device. firmware is updated.
OneView appliance.

Note
The Virtual Connect module firmware update is a separate process that is managed at the
logical interconnect resource. Visit http://www.hp.com/go/oneviewupdates to obtain
OneView software updates and product-specific firmware bundles.

Role-based access
The appliance provides default roles that customers can use to separate responsibilities in an
organization. A user role allows access to specific resources managed from the appliance.
A role is defined based on a User roles enable permissions and At the initial appliance User
list of actions (such as view, privileges to be assigned to users startup, there is a roles
add, edit, and delete) that can based on their job default administrator include:
be performed on a resource. responsibilities. It is possible to account with full
Users must have, at a assign full privileges to a user, or access (Infrastructure
minimum, view (read-only) a subset of permissions to view, administrator)
privileges for a managed create, edit, or remove resources privileges. Assign
object to see that object in the managed by the appliance can be roles (privileges) from
user interface. assigned. the Add User screen.
Infrastructure administratorFull privileges
User with specialized accessA role-based specialist
Backup administrator
Network administrator
Server administrator
User with read-only accessCan only view appliance information

Enterprise directory integration


Instead of creating and maintaining locally defined (on the OneView appliance itself) users and their
roles, you can use Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) or Active Directory for
authentication, where authentication is confirmed by comparing the user login information to an
enterprise directory. The appliance support for OpenLDAP and Microsoft Active Directory is
conceptually similar to that for the OA and iLO processors.
It is possible to add a user who is authorized to access all resources managed by the appliance (a
full-access user) or a user who has access based on their job responsibilities (a role-based
specialist). For each of these users:
1. From the main menu, open the Users and Groups page.
2. Select Add 3. Enter the name of the 4. Enter the credentials of the 5. Click the Connect
Directory directory service that authentication directory service button to log in to the
User or authenticates logins. administrator account. directory service.
Group.
6. Provide the user data and reveal the roles for that user.

Certificate management
The appliance uses a certificate for authentication over Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption. The
certificate contains a public key, and the appliance maintains the corresponding private key, which is
uniquely tied to the public key.
A self-signed certificate indicates that a A more secure alternative is a certificate issued by a
host vouches for itself, which, in some third-party certificate authority (CA), a trusted party
cases, might be adequate. By default, that issues a certificate that enables others, who trust
browsers do not trust self-signed the CA, to also trust the host. In essence, the CA
certificates and display a warning. vouches for the host.

Patching and updating


Patches and updates for the OneView appliance are released when new features or fixes for the
current OneView appliance version are available. In general, updating a configured appliance does
not affect the existing settings.
You should check the HP website for available patches and updates, A f t e r a patch upload
examine the associate release notes, and apply the patch or update if finishes, a pre-upgrade
needed. script runs that:
Verifies that the update image has a .bin suffix
Validates the digital signature
Unpacks the tar ball
Validates the digital signatures of the rpms (belt and suspenders)
Verifies whether the version of the update is newer than the currently installed version of the
firmware on the appliance
Displays the current appliance version on the Settings page (/ci/etc/version)
Includes an update.properties file that has the version of the update
Verifies that sufficient disk space exists compared to the requirements from update.properties
Redisplays the end-user license agreement (EULA)
If any failures occur, the logs are preserved at /updatelogs/update.log.
After the script runs, click Install Update . A warning displays if any users are logged in who might
be disrupted by the installation.

Monitoring system health


Efficient data views and effective control enable IT staff to respond effectively to issues relating to
managing the health of ProLiant servers. OneView simplifies monitoring by providing a streamlined
alert management architecture.
When managed All monitoring and management All alerts can be A single user
resources are added of data center devices is viewed and filtered interface provides
to the appliance, they agentless and out-of-band for by severity or by summary views of
are automatically set increased security and system and can be the detailed
up for monitoring, reliability. No operating system searched using Smart hardware and
including the software is required, no open Search. Alerts can be firmware inventory
automatic registration SNMP ports on the host assigned to specific information on
of SNMP traps and operating system are required users and annotated servers, storage,
scheduling of health (for ProLiant Gen8/Gen9 with notes from networks, and
data collection. They servers), and zero-downtime administrators. Email firmware
are touch-freethat updates can be performed for notifications or traps revisions. The data
is, they are monitored these embedded agents. can be automatically includes Smart
immediately without ProLiant Gen8 and later servers forwarded to Search support for
requiring the user to support agentless monitoring enterprise monitoring elements of
invoke additional through iLO. ProLiant G7 consoles or to inventory and is
configuration or servers require host operating centralized SNMP visible through the
discovery steps. system SNMP agents. trap collectors. user interface and
the REST API.

Resources for OneView support


Helpful HP resources for OneView management and support include:
Infrastructure management
http://www.hp.com/go/management-oneview
OneView online user forum
The OneView interactive online forum enables users to share their experiences and pose and
answer questions related to using OneView.
This forum also hosts PowerShell and Python libraries that use the comprehensive OneView
REST APIs to perform any operation.

Note
Vi s i t http://www.hp.com/go/oneviewcommunity for more information on OneView
community.

Software technical support and software updates


OneView software products include three years of 24x7 software technical support and update
services, which provides access to technical assistance to resolve software implementation or
operations problems.
With this service, users benefit from expedited problem resolution as well as proactive
notification and delivery of software updates.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/hpsc for more information on Support Center.

Registering for software technical support


When ordering OneView, users receive a license entitlement certificate by physical shipment or
email, which must be redeemed online in order to obtain the license activation key.
Gather information before contacting an authorized support representative.
After redeeming a license certificate activation key, users are prompted to register for software
technical support and update services. Licenses that are embedded in the hardware are
automatically registered.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/go/insightlicense for more information on HP Insight Management
License activation.

After registration, users receive a service contract in the mail containing the customer service
phone number and Service Agreement Identifier (SAID). The SAID is required when phoning
HP for technical support.

HP Insight Control server provisioning


Early in 2013, HP introduced Insight Control server provisioning (ICsp) (Figure 8-20), which is
designed to help IT staff streamline server provisioning administrative tasks. ICsp serves as the
common multi-server provisioning capability. ICsp significantly simplifies the process for deploying
operating systems on ProLiant bare-metal servers.

Figure 8-20. Insight Control server provisioning


ICsp is part of Insight Control 7.2 and is used to install and configure ProLiant servers. ICsp uses
resources such as OS build plans and scripts to run deployment jobs. ICsp allows IT staff to:
Install Microsoft Windows, Linux, VMware ESXi, and Hyper-V on ProLiant servers
Update drivers, utilities, and firmware on ProLiant servers using the HP Service Packs for ProLiant
(SPPs)
Configure ProLiant system hardware, iLOs, BIOS, and HP Smart Arrays
Deploy to target servers with or without Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) (ProLiant Gen8 and
later)
Run deployment jobs on multiple servers simultaneously
Customize ProLiant deployments with an easy-to-use browser-based interface

Note
OneView and Insight Control licenses include the Right To Use (RTU) for ICsp.

ICsp components
The ICsp appliance is a virtual appliance residing on the VMware ESXi hypervisor. The appliance is
accessed through a web browser.
As shown in Figure 8-21, the appliance can optionally host a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP) server. It also has a NIC with two virtual IP addresses associated with it. The first is an
appliance IP address that is used for browsing and managing the ICsp appliance. The second is a
deployment IP address that is used to communicate with the server that is being provisioned.
Figure 8-21. ICsp components
A media Each supported At the start of the provisioning process, the target runs a
server holds ProLiant target server small deployment operating system, or service operating
operating has an iLO with its system, which is run through the deployment interface from
system own IP address. For the provisioning appliance. In ProLiant Gen8 and later
distribution ProLiant Gen8 servers, it can run a service operating system from Intelligent
files, SPPs, servers, the iLO can Provisioning. When it is ready to perform the installation, the
and images be used to perform a target server communicates with the media server to access
that will be non-PXE installation. the operating system distribution files. After the operating
available to The target also has its system is installed, the target server reboots to the operating
load during own deployment system that was loaded locally.
the server network interface.
provisioning.

ICsp OS build plans


As shown in Figure 8-22, an OS build plan is a sequence of steps that execute in a specific order to
perform a task on a target server. OS build plan steps are autonomous operations, such as run script
or install package. OS build plans are typically used for provisioning operating systems, but can be
used for almost any automated task. They use the software on the media server to provision managed
servers.
Figure 8-22. OS build plans
Existing OS build plans can be used as templates. HP supplies OS build plans ICsp includes a
with ICsp that work out of the box, but they are also designed to be used as master list of OS
templates. Build plans supplied by ICsp are read-only and cannot be edited, but build plans
it is possible to save a copy to work from. addressing these
tasks:
Wait in service OSReboot the server into the service operating system.
Off-line firmware updateBoot the server into the service operating system, update the firmware,
and reboot the server.
Hardware for system ROM data configurationEither capture and save the current BIOS
configuration or update it using a previously saved configuration.
Hardware for Smart Array data configurationEither capture and save the current Smart Array
configuration or update it using a previously saved configuration.
Hardware for iLO data configurationEither capture and save the current iLO configuration or
deploy a setting update.
Operating system deployment using scripted installScripted operating system install using
operating system answer file
Windows Server 2008 SP2 x64Standard edition; other Windows editions are supported as well
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 x64Standard edition; other Windows editions are supported as
well
Windows Server 2012Standard edition; other Windows editions are supported as well
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3 x64
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9 x64
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP2 x64
VMware ESXi 5.0 U1
VMware ESXi 5.1
Windows Server operating system deployment through image installEither capture an
operating system image of a Windows install or deploy a previously captured image
Windows Server 2008 SP2 x64Standard edition
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 x64Standard edition
Windows Server 2012Standard edition
Install Windows SPP on production serverOnline update of the SPP components on the
production operating system, including firmware, drivers, and agents
Install Linux SPP on production serverOnline update of the SPP components on the production
operating system, including firmware, drivers, and agents

Updated OS build plan features


All build plans provided by HP are updated to use the latest drivers and tools. Out-of-the-box OS
build plan support is provided for image capture and installation of Windows Server 2012 R2.
All OS build plans support UEFI in addition to standard BIOS. Extensive work has Figure 8-23
gone into all the build plans provided by HP to make sure they work in either UEFI or shows the
Legacy BIOS mode; all ProLiant Gen9 servers support UEFI. As a result, you do not features of
need to run different build plans depending on the server and how it is configured. an OS build
plan.
Figure 8-23. Updated OS build plan features

Note
If you are upgrading from a previous release, it is important to read the ICsp Build Plan
Reference Manual appendix for a complete list of all build plan changes that might affect
existing build plans. The manual is available from:
http://www.hp.com/go/insightcontrol/docs

Device groups
You can create and manipulate device groups ( Figure 8-24), which are simple, user-defined groups
of servers used for organizing servers. With device groups, you can:
Figure 8-24. Device groups
Create many device groups
Add a server to more than one group.
Add a server to a group from the group view or the server view.
Run a build plan against all the servers in a group.
Assign custom attributes to device groups. These custom attributes are inherited by servers in the
group and are available when running build plans.
Deleting a server from a group does not delete the server from the appliance. When viewing a
server, a list of all the groups that server is a member of is displayed.

OS build plans interoperability with OneView


OneView sets firmware baselines for target servers. ICsp has scripts to update firmware in servers.
When managing the environment, ensure that these two methods to update the firmware are not in
conflict. Figure 8-25 shows how OS build plans work with OneView.
Figure 8-25. Interoperability with OneView
Notification of conflicts when running a build plan will identify conflicts in the following
circumstances:
If a OneView server cannot be reached or has other communication errors
If the build plan and the OneView appliances have conflicts on specific servers
If checking for conflicts might take a significant amount of time
If checking for conflicts is estimated to exceed the 10 minute time limit
There are three build plan types; it is important to set the plan type correctly:
HardwareSAN Configuration
HardwareBIOS Configuration
SoftwareFirmware

OneView with ICsp Installation and Startup Service


OneView with ICsp Installation and Startup Service is a basic fixed-price, fixed-scope installation
and startup service. The service includes the installation of OneView on a supported VMware
vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) host VM, the first-time setup of the appliance, and configuration and
setup of all managed devices within a single HP BladeSystem c7000 Enclosure. This includes
bringing the enclosure under management, updating the enclosure to a specified firmware baseline,
defining the enclosures network configuration (networks, network sets, SAN connectivity, and so
forth), and creating and assigning server profiles for the server blades in the enclosure. This service
also includes:
Installation and startup of the ICsp appliance on another separate supported VMware ESXi host VM
Installation and startup of the ProLiant media server on a separate supported ProLiant server
running Windows Server
As part of this service, HP provides the customers organization with a test and verification session
to help ensure that everything has been configured and set up properly, along with a brief customer
orientation session. Service benefits are:
Availability of an HP service specialist to answer basic questions during the delivery of this service
Delivery of the service at a mutually scheduled time convenient to the customers organization
Verification before installation that all service prerequisites are met
Installation and configuration of OneView
A customer orientation session
Service feature highlights include:
Service planning
Service deployment
OneView installation and startup
ICsp installation and startup
Installation verification tests (IVT)
Customer orientation session

Note
Vi si t http://www8.hp.com/h20195/v2/GetPDF.aspx%2F4AA5-0792ENW.pdf to read the
technical paper titled HP OneView with InsightControl server provisioning Installation
and Startup.

OneView coexistence with legacy applications


Coexistence with VCM and VCEM
In terms of BladeSystem c7000 enclosure management, OneView can coexist with Virtual Connect
Manager (VCM) or with Virtual Connect Enterprise Manager (VCEM), as shown in Figure 8-26, but
there can only be one manager of the enclosure at a given time. Therefore, a given enclosure cannot
be managed by OneView and VCM/VCEM at the same time.
Figure 8-26. Virtual Connect environment
There are three options for managing an enclosure:
By VCM only (no VCEM)
By VCEM (for server profiles) along with Virtual Connect Manager (for other configuration
changes)
By OneView only
The same is true when mixing different On the other hand, to bring the enclosure under
generations of servers and HP Integrity server OneView management, either remove it from the
blades with ProLiant server blades. OneView Virtual Connect domain explicitly, or use the force
does not support ProLiant server blades older add option when importing the enclosure into
than G7 and does not support any of the OneView. The result with either approach is that the
Integrity i2/i4 server blades. If an enclosure is Virtual Connect domain configuration is deleted.
currently managed by OneView and it is Therefore, ensure that a Virtual Connect
necessary to roll back management to VCM, configuration backup file exists before proceeding
the enclosure must first be removed from the in case it becomes necessary to roll back the
OneView domain. management configuration.

Coexistence with HP SIM and Insight Control


In the server-managed environment shown in Figure 8-27, assume that OneView is managing the
servers and HP SIM with Insight Control is monitoring the servers. Because Insight Control offers
some control functions, HP SIM and Insight Control should be used with care when OneView is
managing those same servers.
Figure 8-27. Server-managed environment
In environments where OneView coexists with HP legacy management applications such as HP
SIM, it is assumed that OneView will provide the master control and the legacy management
application will offer additional control.

Important
As a best practice, HP recommends that HP SIM be used with Insight Control in MONITOR-
only mode. If this rule is not followed, there is a chance for these management applications
to conflict with each other.

Coexistence with support automation


In the scenario shown in Figure 8-28, assume that OneView is managing the various servers and HP
SIM and HP Insight Remote Support are monitoring the systems.

Figure 8-28. Server-managed environment


In addition, this scenario highlights the use of Insight As an entry-level monitoring solution, it
Online, which is a web service running remotely on a site is possible to use Insight Online with
managed by HP. Insight Online requires the use of Insight Insight Remote Support 7.x and the iLO
Remote Support 7.x. Insight Online can monitor any Management Engineall of which are
devices that populate data using Insight Remote Support available when the server is purchased.
7.x.

Coexistence with ICsp


In OneView 1.x, the same server provisioning appliance works in Insight Control 7.2.2 and in
OneView. The server provisioning feature set consists of common functionality, the same
infrastructure provisioning, and firmware updates.
A single instance of the HP server provisioning appliance can deploy to hardware managed by both
HP SIM and OneView, as depicted in Figure 8-29. The caveat is that it is necessary to avoid
confusion about which hardware is managed by which management application. To avoid possible
network service issues, ensure that there is only one DHCP/PXE server on the network provided by
either Insight Control or ICsp.

Figure 8-29. Server-managed environment


The HP server provisioning appliance can manage a ICsp supports ProLiant BL, DL, ML, and
mix of HP SIM and OneView devices for integration of SL serversall Gen8, G7, and G6
capabilities such as iLO communication. For instance, generations. No earlier generations are
the server provisioning appliance delegates all iLO supported. The hardware support matrix
communication for hardware managed by OneView to aligns with Insight Control 7.2 releases.
OneView and interacts directly with iLO for other The hardware support matrix is the same
hardware. The two products do not conflict with each for the HP server provisioning appliance
other over access to a devices iLO interface. delivered with Insight Control and
OneView.

Note
Insight Control is only supported on Windows servers.
ICsp 7.2.2 is supported on VMware vSphere 5.x and Microsoft Hyper-V.
OneView 1.x is supported on VMware vSphere 5.x as a VM.

Legacy product comparison


Table 8-1 summarizes some key functions in OneView and where they can be related to similar
functions in the listed legacy applications.

Table 8-1. Legacy product comparison

Cells marked with an X indicate that a feature is not supported, a check mark indicates supported, and
a diamond indicates partial support.

OneView extensibility
OneView for VMware vCenter
As the result of close collaboration between HP and VMware, OneView for VMware vCenter
(previously known as HP Insight Control for VMware vCenter ) brings together the best HP and
VMware management environments, providing virtualization administrators with deep insight into
and complete control over their VMware virtualized infrastructure.
VMware and VMware vCenter Server OneView for VMware vCenter augments the
represent the industrys most prominent capabilities of the VMware vCenter with the HP
virtualization platform and the industrys most Converged Infrastructure management capabilities
broadly adopted VM management toolset. of Insight Control, providing visibility and control
VMware provides virtualization solutions that of HP servers, BladeSystem infrastructure, Virtual
extend from the desktop to the data center and Connect networking, and HP storage that power the
enable capabilities such as VM deployment, VMware virtualized environment. This
configuration, update, load balancing, and high management ecosystem is illustrated in Figure 8-
availability. 30.
Figure 8-30. OneView for VMware vCenter
OneView for VMware vCenter enables you to:
Simplify administration with single-console access to health, inventory, and configuration
monitoring
Reduce planned and unplanned downtime by automating responses to hardware events
Take control by launching trusted HP management tools in context
Proactively manage changes with detailed insight into the relationship between physical and virtual
infrastructure
Provide on-demand capacity with storage provisioning and bare-metal host deployment
Maintain stability and reliability of the environment with online firmware inventory and deployment

OneView integrations for VMware vCenter


As illustrated i n Figure 8-31, OneView for VMware vCenter seamlessly integrates the
manageability features of OneView, ProLiant servers, BladeSystem, HP Networking, and HP
storage into the VMware vCenter console.
Figure 8-31. OneView integrations for VMware vCenter
The integration of OneView with VMware vCenter enables Easy to download, deploy, The
businesses to take the next step toward the software-defined and use, the solution is solution
data center (SDDC) by allowing virtualization packaged as a plug-in for includes
administrators to automate control of HP compute, storage, VMware vCenter and three
and networking resources without detailed knowledge of serves as an intelligent modules.
each device. OneView for VMware vCenter can provision, bridge between vCenter,
monitor, update, and scale resources without having to leave HP Converged
the vCenter console. Infrastructure, and
OneView.
Server moduleThe server module provides comprehensive system health and alerting in VMware
vCenter Server and includes:
Deep levels of HP server, blade, firmware, and infrastructure inventory and management
End-to-end view of a Virtual Connect networking environment
One-click host- and cluster-level networking configuration
Remote control and deployment of servers and operating system
Ability to create or grow VMware clusters from OneView profiles
The server module is licensed as part of Insight Control or OneView.
Storage moduleThe storage module enables you to:
Monitor health, configuration, and capacity of HP Storage in VMware vCenter Server
Visualize the relationship between the VMware virtual machines, ESX servers, and HP Storage
arrays
Create, expand, or delete data stores on HP arrays
Build a VM from a template on HP arrays
Include vSphere Storage APIs for Storage Awareness for HP arrays
The Storage module is free to use with storage solutions supported by HP.
Recovery Manager for VMware integration moduleProvides:
Application-consistent VM snapshots for rapid online recovery
Support for provisioning, volume, and drive type, and remote copy
The RMV integration module is an individually licensed product.

Example: End-to-end cluster deployment


OneView for VMware vCenter brings together VMware vSphere management and HP infrastructure
management within the context of the VMware vSphere console. By leveraging OneView software-
defined templates and the OneView REST API, OneView for VMware vCenter Server simplifies the
process for deploying a complete vSphere cluster. What used to be a more than 15-step process can
now be accomplished in five steps and with considerably less admin time.
Figure 8-32 illustrates how organizations can streamline the management of infrastructure and spend
a greater portion of their IT resources on defining and delivering the workloads that live on that
virtual infrastructure.

Figure 8-32. End-to-end cluster deployment

Provision infrastructure more than 12x faster


Figure 8-33 compares the process of adding compute resources to a VMware cluster using traditional
tools with using OneView for VMware.
Figure 8-33. With HP 3PAR shared storage support and boot from SAN

Note
Results are based on HP internal testing as of August 2013 comparing OneView to
traditional HP management tools, each deploying 16 servers. The test was to configure the
networks, enclosure, template, and profiles. OneView takes 14 minutes of admin time
compared to traditional HP management tools that take 170 minutes of admin time.

OneView for Microsoft System Center


OneView for Microsoft System Center (Figure 8-34) enables enterprises to respond to business needs
and frees up valuable resources to help drive the business. OneView for Microsoft System Center
provides seamless integration of unique ProLiant and BladeSystem manageability features into the
Microsoft System Center consoles. Licensed as part of OneView, these extensions deliver:
Figure 8-34. OneView for Microsoft System Center
Comprehensive system health and alerting
Configuration management
Reliable operating system deployment
Remote control
Virtual Connect fabric visualization
Deep levels of HP hardware inventory
By integrating the server management features of ProLiant and BladeSystem into OneView for
Microsoft System Center consoles, you can gain greater control of their technology Microsoft
environments and take advantage of the deep insight and precise control provided System Center
by the HP integrations to Microsoft System Center. 7.4.1
provides:
Support for ProLiant Gen9 servers
Health monitoring with ProLiant (Windows), Linux, and Agentless management packs in System
Center Operations Manager (SCOM)
HP SCCM 2012 Integration kit (operating system deployment and HP Inventory Tool)
Server software and firmware updates with ProLiant Updates Catalog for Microsoft System Center
(System Center Configuration Manager [SCCM] and System Center Virtual Machine Manager
[SCVMM])
Support for Virtual Connect FlexFabric-20/40 F8 Module
Health monitoring with OneView Management Pack for SCOM
Infrastructure visualization with HP SCVMM 2012 Console Kit (HP Fabric Management Add-in)
New product installation interface simplifies installation

OneView integrations for System Center


As shown in Figure 8-35, OneView integrates with Microsoft System Center Server to deliver HP
hardware management capabilities directly from the System Center consoles for comprehensive
system health, configuration management, and remote control. Together with OneView, Microsoft
System Center delivers deployment capabilities and is a key integration point for the broader
portfolio of infrastructure management, service automation, and IT operations solutions available
from HP.

Figure 8-35. OneView integrations for System Center


With integrated HP converged management features in Microsoft System This integration
Center consoles, you can gain greater control of the technology allows the following
environments. This provides consistency for software deployment and capabilities from the
updates and enables a faster response in the event of server failure, Microsoft System
reducing the risk of downtime. Center consoles:
System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM)
Enhanced provisioning uses OneView profiles to create or grow a Hyper-V cluster consistently
and reliably.
Visually trace and monitor infrastructure network end-to-end, from the host to the individual
network modules within the domain, delivering comprehensive management of the network and
making it easy to review and change any HP-specific information.
Facilitate consistency and improve uptime with simplified driver and firmware updates by a
rotating, automated workflow for Hyper-V clusters using the ProLiant Updates Catalog.
Take control by invoking HP remote management tools (such as iLO, OA, VCM, and OneView) in
the context of the selected host, directly from the SCVMM console.
System Center Operations Manager (SCOM)
Consolidated health monitoring view reflects the OneView model, showing relationships between
managed devices.
Problems are prevented from occurring by proactively monitoring and managing hardware health
and intelligently responding to hardware events on servers running Windows and Linux, as well
as BladeSystem enclosures and Virtual Connect. You can manage the health of ProLiant Gen8
servers without the need for loading operating system-based SNMP agents or Web-Based
Enterprise Management (WBEM) providers. It can also be used to monitor the health of servers
that do not have an operating system yet loaded, as well as ProLiant Gen8 servers running any
operating system that has a supported Agentless Monitoring Service (such as VMware ESXi).
Take control by invoking HP remote management tools (such as iLO, OA, VCM, and OneView) in
the context of the selected host, directly from the SCOM console.
System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM)
Provides quick and reliable Windows deployment to bare-metal HP servers
Ensures consistency and maximizes uptime with simplified Windows driver and firmware updates
using the ProLiant Updates Catalog.
Provides detailed component-level inventory of every managed Windows server by using the
ProLiant Inventory Tool.

Provision infrastructure more than 15x faster


Figure 8-36 compares the process of adding compute resources to a Hyper-V using traditional tools
and with using OneView for Microsoft System Center.
Figure 8-36. Provision infrastructure with OneView SCVMM integration

Note
Results are based on HP internal testing, as of April 2014, comparing OneView v1.10 to
traditional HP and Microsoft management tools, each deploying 16 servers. The test was to
configure the networks, enclosure, template, and profiles. OneView SCVMM integration
takes 10 minutes of admin time compared to traditional HP and Microsoft management tools,
which take 159 minutes of admin time.

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. Which management features and tools is OneView replacing? (Select three.)


a. Insight Control
b. iLO
c. Agentless Management Service
d. Virtual Connect Enterprise Manager
e. Virtual Connect FlexFabric
f. Insight Diagnostics
g. HP Systems Insight Manager
h. Intelligent Provisioning
2. How does the software-based approach to lifecycle management in OneView reduce the cost and
time to deliver IT service?
a. By consolidating management tools
b. By removing bottlenecks
c. By automating operations
d. By increasing performance

3. Which advanced OneView function provides a 3-D model of an environment?


a. iLO Advanced for OneView
b. Enterprise directory integration
c. Graphical Remote Console
d. Data Centers screen

4. What kind of information does OneView not automatically gather from a new server?
a. LAN on motherboard (LOM) and mezzanine card details
b. NIC and storage data
c. Specific server model and UUID
d. Field replaceable unit (FRU) data

Answers
1. A, D, and G are correct. OneView is intended to replace the capabilities found in HP SIM, Insight Control, and Virtual
Connect Enterprise Manager (VCEM).
B, C, E, and F are incorrect. None of these features or tools is being replaced by OneView.
2. C is correct. The software-based approach to lifecycle management in OneView reduces the cost and time to deliver IT
services by automating operations. This approach includes a fully programmable interface for easily creating customized
workflows and scripts, as well as configuration profiles for push-button builds that instantly deliver resources without mistakes
or variation.
A, B, and D are incorrect. OneView does consolidate management tools, but this in itself does not speed IT delivery.
OneView can also have the effect of removing bottlenecks and increasing performance, but it is the automation of
configuration profiles and workflows that ultimately delivers IT resources where they are needed in real time.
3. D is correct. The Data Centers screen provides a 3-D model of the environment, which can be used for planning and
organization.
A, B , and C are incorrect. A is incorrect because iLO Advanced for OneView. B is incorrect because enterprise directory
integration confirms authentication by comparing the user login information to an enterprise directory. C is incorrect because
Graphical Remote Console provides forms of remote management.
4. B is correct. When OneView first contacts a server, no NIC or storage data is retrieved.
A, C, and D are incorrect. As soon as OneView determines that a server is manageable, it gathers the LAN on motherboard
(LOM) and mezzanine card details, the specific server model, its UUID, and the field replaceable unit (FRU) data.
9 Maintaining a Server Environment

EXAM OBJECTIVES
In this chapter, you will learn to describe the tools used to maintain and manage an HP ProLiant
server environment:
HP Insight Online
HP Insight Remote Support

INTRODUCTION
The final chapter of this study guide describes the on-cloud tools you can use to maintain and manage
a ProLiant server environment. The HP on-cloud service and support solution integrates an online,
personalized dashboard with Insight Online and 24x7 remote support with Insight Remote Support
software. The chapter concludes with a look at some quotes from HP channel partners supporting
Insight Online.

Server lifecycle management for ProLiant


Customers need management tools targeted for their business needs. As illustrated in Figure 9-1, HP
identifies management capabilities for infrastructure requirements as on-system, on-premise, and on-
cloud segments. ProLiant Gen9 management innovations target these segments to ensure that
customers have complete lifecycle management.
Figure 9-1. On-cloud lifecycle management for ProLiant
To meet customers support needs, HP has developed an on-cloud service and support solution that
integrates:
An online, personalized dashboard with Insight Online
24x7 remote support with Insight Remote Support software
Insight Online is used to monitor hardware health, track service events and support cases, view
device configurations, and proactively monitor HP contracts and warranties. In addition to Insight
Online, the HP remote support portfolio includes Insight Remote Support, which provides secure
remote support for HP servers, storage, network, SAN environments, and selected multivendor
devices.

HP Insight Remote Support


HP Insight Remote Support software provides remote monitoring, diagnosis, and notification
capabilities that are similar to Insight Online. However, Insight Remote Support requires the
installation of a hosting device on the customers premises to collect and deliver data to HP, whereas
Insight Online does not require the installation of this hosting device.
For some IT environments, Insight Remote Support might be more suitable because it offers specific
capabilities that Insight Online does not:
Monitoring of ProLiant servers earlier than Gen8.
Monitoring of HP storage and networking products.
Monitoring of large IT environments with up to 2,500 IT devices. Additional hosting servers can be
deployed to monitor larger environments.
Insight Remote Support 7.2
Insight Remote Support 7.2 offers several enhancements over earlier versions, including:
Improvements to HP Systems Insight Manager (HP SIM) adapter memory and CPU utilization
Detection of when Remote Insight Board Command Language (RIBCL) credentials are not
configured; if they are not, ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers are shown as unhealthy
Hiding Insight Remote Support initiated HP integrated Lights-Out (iLO) 4 test events on the Service
Events screen for health assessments
Support for iLO 4 firmware version 2.0 running in Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)
mode
Ability to define IPv4 server subnet selection during ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 server discovery
Web browser support for:
Mozilla Firefox 32.x
Google Chrome 37.x
Product support for:
ProLiant Gen9 servers
HP Networking 500 Switch series (Comware 7) and 900 Switch series (Comware 7)
User interface in German, Italian, French, Korean, Simplified Chinese, Japanese, Russian, Spanish,
and Portuguese
Through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Service Event Adapter, Insight Remote
Support 7.2 allows integration with other management applications and ticketing systems, including:
HP Operations Manager
HP Service Manager
IBM Tivoli
BMC Patrol
Microsoft Systems Center Operations Manager
Insight Remote Support 7.2 does more than connect devices correctly. Unlike other remote
monitoring devices that forward device traps without intelligent analysis, the HP solution only
forwards events that need intervention to stop failures. It includes the HP case number and status,
which are automatically logged at HP. This reduces the incident volume in management systems by
up to 98% and minimizes the staff required to monitor and take action on the cases.

Note
Vi si t http://www.hp.com/go/insightremotesupport/docs for more information on Insight
Remote Support.

Integration with HP Systems Insight Manager


Insight Remote Support can be used on its own or can be integrated with HP SIM. If HP SIM is
installed on the hosting device, Insight Remote Support and HP SIM can share information through the
HP SIM adapter. If HP SIM was installed on the hosting device before installing Insight Remote
Support, the HP SIM adapter is automatically installed. If HP SIM was installed after installing
Insight Remote Support, the HP SIM adapter needs to be installed manually.
Integration with HP SIM synchronizes devices and credentials from HP SIM to Insight Remote
Support. Service events will synchronize from Insight Remote Support to HP SIM. Because HP SIM
only accepts service events from known devices, the device needs to be discovered in HP SIM for
Insight Remote Support to be able to synchronize service events to HP SIM.

HP Insight Online
HP Insight Online provides all-in-one secure access to the information IT staff need to support the
devices in the IT environment. It is an offering in the HP Support Center portal for IT staff who
deploy, manage, and support systems, as well as HP authorized resellers who support IT
infrastructure. Through the Support Center, Insight Online can automatically display devices remotely
monitored by HP. It enables IT staff to track service events and support cases easily, view device
configurations, and proactively monitor HP contracts and warrantiesfrom anywhere at any time.

Note
Vi s i t http://www.hp.com/go/insightonline/info and http://www8.hp.com/us/en/business-
services/it-services.html?compURI=1078312 for more information on Insight Online and
Insight Remote Support.

Monitor, manage, and support an IT infrastructure online


As illustrated in Figure 9-2, Insight Online is integrated with HP remote support technology,
providing IT staff with the option of viewing device configuration and hardware event information in
the Support Center to better support IT infrastructure.
Figure 9-2. Insight Online integration with Support Center
The main functional areas in Insight Online are:
The personalized dashboard to monitor device health, hardware events, and contract and warranty
status. Even without remote support, the dashboard can be used to view support contract status and
navigate to support details.
The devices feature, which provides a visual status of individual devices and device groups.
Devices can be organized for easier management, and information can be shared with other IT
administrators.
The contracts and warranties, support cases, and service credit feature areas, where HP support can
be proactively managed. Contract and warranty status can be monitored by device as well as by
user, and HP Proactive Select contract customers can view their service credit balances online.
Features of Insight Online include:
Ability to monitor, manage, and support the IT infrastructure remotely and from outside the firewall
Proactive contracts and warranty management
Auto-device discovery links device and support information
Ability for channel partners to provide proactive remote support
Insight Online enables you to save time and resources with automation and simplified information
access. Benefits include:
Round-the-clock monitoring
Easy all-in-one access; secure, personalized dashboard
Automated cases and spare parts sent to the site
Simplified warranty, contract, and case management

Contract and warranty management


Managing and tracking warranties and support agreements for the IT environment are often time-
consuming tasks, especially as devices are added. With Insight Online, customers and HP partners
can more easily and efficiently manage HP warranty and support agreements, monitor support status,
view contract and service-level details, share entitlements, and change ownership.
Contracts and warranties for devices monitored by HP remote support are automatically added to
Insight Online via remote support registration. In addition, contracts and warranties can be manually
added individually or in as a bulk upload from a spreadsheet. Figure 9-3 shows an example of how
Insight Online can facilitate contract and warranty management.

Figure 9-3. Contract and warranty management

Note
Contracts and warranties include support agreements, HP Care Packs, and warranties.
Contracts and warranties are managed through the HP Support Agreement Manager website:
http://www.esca.hp.com

To enable devices to be registered for remote support in Because contracts and warranties are
Insight Online, you must link a contract or a warranty that associated with the devices they cover,
covers those devices to your HP Passport ID. If you sign the link between your Passport ID and a
in to Insight Online using the same Passport ID used to contract or warranty provides access to
register the device, you do not have to link your ID to the information about the devices covered
contracts and warranties that cover the remote support by the contract or warranty. This
devices. They are linked to your ID automatically and information is available to you from the
appear as a derived contract and warranty share. Insight Online devices area in the GUI.

Automated case management and parts replacement


Insight Online provides round-the-clock monitoring, tracks and transmits events, opens cases, and
schedules part replacement or service.
When hardware events occur, it is important to ensure that they do not simply sit in one management
tools event repository. Figure 9-4 illustrates how Insight Online prevents this from happening on
ProLiant Gen8/Gen9 servers.

Figure 9-4. Case management


For customers using Insight Remote Support software, hardware failures are sent A local onsite
directly to HP or an HP authorized service provider, saving time and resources. The console is
failure events are diagnosed, and a case is opened by HP if needed. HP or the HP also available
service provider contacts the customer to confirm the failure (ensuring, for example, with each
that the failure is not the result of a maintenance event) and the location for parts Insight
shipment or service scheduling. The customer, HP, or the HP service provider can Remote
monitor and track the event through Insight Online, enabling efficient support and Support host
proactive advice. The result is up to 66% faster problem resolution and near 100% server, which
first-time fix rate when using automated remote support. monitors up to
2,500 devices
per host.

One support dashboard and automated support


With Insight Online, all devices monitored by Insight Remote Support 7.x or Insight Online can be
auto-populated to the Insight Online personalized dashboard to provide 24x7 access to product and
support information, regardless of the location. Insight Online provides access to key IT infrastructure
information to solve problems faster and proactively manage and prevent problems from occurring.
Figure 9-5 illustrates how an organization can monitor multiple remote sites by using Insight Online
with Insight Remote Support.
Figure 9-5. Automated support
For customers with ProLiant servers earlier than Gen8 who need to monitor HP storage and
networking products in large IT environments, Insight Online can be combined with Insight Remote
Support to optimize the support experience.

HP knows about an IT issue before the customer


As seen in Figure 9-6, two different scenarios illustrate the advantages of HP remote support.

Figure 9-6. Advantages of HP remote support


In the first scenario, In the second scenario, leveraging standard Internet With HP remote
an IT issue triggered security protocols and principles, each customer has a support technology,
by traditional failure process that includes detecting the fault and alerting it is not unusual for
detection involves a an operator (Short Message Service [SMS] and other HP or an HP partner
minimum sequence of messaging services are often used). HP remote to know about an IT
six steps and as long support technology automatically forwards all event and begin
as five hours to reach actionable events to HP or an HP partner and a case is addressing the issue
the point when the logged. This reduces the sequence to three steps and before the customer
faulty part is enables the part to be identified and dispatched in IT staff is aware that
identified and approximately two hours. the event occurred.
dispatched.

Insight Online with HP remote support value proposition


Insight Online can be used by itself or integrated with Insight Remote Support. The maximum benefits,
as illustrated in Figure 9-7, are achieved when Insight Online and Insight Remote Support are used
together, enabling customers to:

Figure 9-7. Insight Online integrated with HP remote support


Save time
Use Insight Online for efficient contract, warranty, case, and service credit management
Access Insight Online anywhere, anytime, and share key information with colleagues
Spend up to 90% less time tracking contract and warranty status2
Decrease costs
HP remote support tools deliver 24x7 remote monitoring and automated case creation and parts
replacement, which result in a 50% service call reduction1
Reduce risk
Fix problems faster
66% less unplanned downtime1
43% fewer unplanned downtime incidents1

Note
Sources for statistical information:
1. IDC whitepaper sponsored by HP and Intel, The Business Value of the HP Proactive
Insight Experience, Doc# 239199, March 2013
2. Internal HP lab estimate
HP remote support configuration options
Remote support choices
When the embedded remote support functionality is used with a ProLiant server, the following two
configuration options are available, as shown in Figure 9-8:

Figure 9-8. Remote support choices


Insight Online direct connectAvailable for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers and HP
BladeSystem enclosures. Insight Online direct connect enables these devices to automatically
submit hardware failure and diagnostic information directly to HP for analysis, case generation,
and automated parts replacement. No centralized hosting device is required. Instead, Insight Online
is used as the online console.
This method is ideal for SMBs who have only ProLiant Gen8 or Gen9 servers in their environment
and who need simple deployment and automated support and little or no maintenance for the support
solution. It is also ideal for high-performance computing (HPC) customers who need automated
parts replacement for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers and a solution independent of the operating
system. This method is available using HP iLO Management 4 1.40 or later, or Intelligent
Provisioning 1.60 or later, and for BladeSystems using the Onboard Administrator 4.11 or later.
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers benefit from the agentless remote support monitoring provided
with iLO Management.
Insight Remote Support central connectAvailable for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers,
storage, and networks. This method depends on having Insight Remote Support software installed
locally. With central connect, communication with HP is routed through a centralized hosting
device in the local environment. Information can be viewed using the local Insight Remote Support
console or the web-based view in Insight Online. It is ideal for HP Converged Infrastructure
environments with multiple device types.
These features are available for managed devices, which are devices that typically have a
management protocol such as SNMP or WBEM installed. Managed devices include:
Servers, storage systems, solutions and switches, registered for remote support using the central
connect method
ProLiant Gen8 servers registered for remote support using the direct connect method
BladeSystem enclosures registered for remote support using the direct connect method
Customers can use Insight Remote Support software to manage one IT environment and Insight
Online direct connect to manage another. They can then view consolidated information from both
environments through the Insight Online portal.

Insight Online configuration options


The embedded management capabilities built into ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers and
BladeSystem enclosures are designed to integrate seamlessly with Insight Online direct connect and
Insight Remote Support 7.2 central connect. As shown in Figure 9-9, with ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9
servers, remote support capabilities are ready to start working via a two-step streamlined activation
process:

Figure 9-9. Insight Online configuration options


1. Register for remote support by using iLO, Intelligent Provisioning, or the Onboard Administrator.
2. Complete registration in Insight Online.

Note
Registration information is available in the HP Insight Remote Support and Insight Online
Setup Guide for ProLiant Gen8/Gen9 Servers and BladeSystem c-Class Enclosures
document. Visit http://hp.com/go/insightremotesupport/docs to find the setup guide.

If embedded remote support functionality is not required, remote support can be configured in the
following ways:
By using SNMP agents or Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) providers (ProLiant
servers)
By using SNMP (BladeSystem enclosures)

Insight Online with Insight Remote Support use case


Customers with a main data center and several remote sites can use the Insight Online dashboard in
combination with Insight Remote Support. This provides automated support for remote sites and the
data center in a heterogeneous environment, easy-to-use warranty and contract management, and
consolidated anywhere, anytime view for all sites.
This integrates management and support software technologies into one seamless experience across
the server lifecyclefrom server deployment to ongoing support and continual improvement. Figure
9-10 shows how the three key software products integrate:

Figure 9-10. Insight Online with Insight Remote Support


iLO Management provides onboard intelligence with ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers
Insight Remote Support provides remote monitoring, diagnosis, and problem resolution
Insight Online allows customers to access the support and management information they need
anytime, anywhere
Data is transmitted via a secure HTTPS connection from the Insight Online is complement of
customers IT environment through Insight Remote Support and HP OneView; together they offer a
then to HP. This data populates the Insight Online portal modern and integrated workspace.
information. If a device requires service, the solution sends Using Insight Online with
diagnostic information that automatically opens a support ticket OneView allows you to view your
with HP. Customers also have the option of sharing Insight device and support information in
Online information with their HP partner when appropriate. a cloud-based personalized
dashboard.
Feature comparison
Table 9-1 compares the three ways that customers can use the productsInsight Online as a stand-
alone product or together with Insight Remote Support, or Insight Remote Support as a stand-alone
product.

Table 9.1 Feature comparison: Insight Online and Insight Remote Support

Insight Online integration with HP remote support


Insight Online adds two new tabs to Support Center, which are depicted in Figure 9-11:
Figure 9-11. Insight Online integration with HP remote support
My IT is the customer view of the IT environment. Within the My IT environment, users can view
the following:
Personalized Dashboard
Device status, configurations*
Contracts and warranty status
Auto-generated events tracking*
Support cases
Check service credit balance
Proactive reports

Note
Items marked with * require HP remote support tools to securely transmit events and
configuration details to HP for diagnosis and analysis.

My Customers is the partner view of the customers IT environment. Partners can view or manage
designated remote support devices with customer authorization. In this view, partners can view:
Customer Grid
Customer Dashboard
Contracts and warranty status
Service events monitoring
Proactive reports
Insight Online and Insight Remote Support are available at no additional cost as part of a standard
HP warranty, Care Pack Service, or contractual support agreement with HP.

Insight Online: My IT (customer view)


Getting started
As illustrated in Figure 9-12, there are three steps for getting started with Insight Online:
Figure 9-12. Insight Online: My IT
1. Register for HP remote support with Insight Remote Support or Insight Online direct connect and
enable an HP authorized partner, if appropriate.
2. Enter an HP Passport User ID and password and select View in Insight Online.
3. Customers IT team or HP authorized partner can proactively monitor and support the IT
infrastructure with Insight Online via Support Center.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/support/irs_io_gen8_en for more information on getting started
with Insight Online.

Personalized dashboard
The Insight Online Dashboard (Figure 9-13) integrates support and product information into one at-a-
glance view for quick and efficient management of an IT environment. The dashboard can be used to
organize an IT environment to more easily monitor and manage devices, events, and support status.
The information is personalized and in the context of the customers IT environment. Most
importantly, the IT team can access IT and support information 24x7 regardless of their location or
time zone.
Figure 9-13. Personalized dashboard
Other capabilities include:
The support cases feature allows the customer IT team to track all support cases by device and by
HP Passport ID.
The message log contains system messages related to device registration or entitlement issues. If
there is any issue with device registration in the portal or if an entitlement cannot be displayed
against a device because it is currently owned by another user in the system, the message log
provides system information.

Insight Online My IT mobile dashboard


The HP Support Center Mobile App ( Figure 9-14) is geared toward consuming or providing
information that requires attention. Features include:
Figure 9-14. Insight Online My IT mobile dashboard
PersonalizedPassport credentials drive eligibility and what the customer sees
Always available
Simplified navigation
Available on the Apple iOS, Google Android, and Microsoft Windows 8 smartphone platforms
(covers 9598 % of the smartphone market). The most recent version can be downloaded from
popular app stores.

Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/services/hpscmobile for more information on the Support Center
Mobile App.

Manage and organize devices


The Devices screen (Figure 9-15) provides a visual status of individual devices and device groups.
It provides a view of both auto-populated Insight Remote Support devices and manually added
devices. Device views can be customized for more efficient management. This feature lets IT staff
easily navigate from individual devices to device groups to more detailed support and product
configuration information. Information details might vary depending on support status and whether
the device is remotely monitored by HP or manually added by the user. Devices remotely monitored
by HP have the most comprehensive information set, such as configuration details.

Figure 9-15. Devices screen


In addition, IT information can be shared with other users within the organization and roles can be
established for sharing the information. Device information can also be shared with HP authorized
partners for support and recommendations.

Manage contracts and warranties


The Contracts and warranties screen (Figure 9-16) allows IT staff to track contract and warranty
status by device and by contract. IT staff can view existing contracts, their associated access rights,
and when they expire.

Figure 9-16. Contracts and warranties screen


The batch link tool allows a user to upload a single Microsoft Excel file with 2,500 contracts and
warranties in a single request. This is an important time saver for nonsupport automation customers
who use Insight Online to track contracts and warranties and currently link each contract or warranty
one at a time. This process is 64 times faster for the contracts administrator.

Note
Internal estimates indicate that the seven-step bulk process takes 30 minutes versus the
four days of data entry previously required to link 2,500 contracts and warranties
individually.

After the upload is complete, customers should check the batch upload summary Users must be
page. A report is generated for each file upload with a date stamp and the status signed in to the
of the upload. An easy-to-follow status description tells the user if the file was Support Center
processed successfully or if there were errors to be corrected. Users download and click
the reports to review and correct any errors and then upload the file again for Contracts and
processing. The Support Center maintains the 20 most current reports for each warranties in
user to download and review. order to use the
batch link tool.

Support cases
The support cases feature allows IT staff to The case list (Figure 9-17) can be filtered by active
track all support cases by device and by and closed status, plus filtered on keywords to find
Passport ID. It is inclusive of auto- cases of interest. Support cases can be opened directly
generated support cases from HP remote from an individual device with all the relevant details
support, online submittals, and dial-in. automatically captured to save time.

Figure 9-17. Cases screen

Remote support
The service events feature (Figure 9-18) provides online monitoring and management of devices
using Insight Remote Support. Users can view all key hardware event information, such as severity,
problem description, date and time generated, status, and related support case ID.

Figure 9-18. Service events screen


This feature lets IT staff monitor hardware service events and related support case details from
anywhere, anytime. Hardware service events and support cases are automatically generated and sent
to HP or an HP authorized partner for faster problem resolution. The service event remains in an
active state until the corresponding support case is closed or is closed if a support case is not
required.

Service credits
Service credits (Figure 9-19) provide a flexible way to purchase per-event services that can be used
when required. With service credits, customers can choose from a variety of service activities,
including assessments, performance analysis, firmware management, and infrastructure solution
support. The result is a solution that is designed by the customer to meet IT and business goals. These
service activities cover a broad spectrum of IT technology domains including servers, storage,
networking, and converged infrastructure.

Figure 9-19. Service Credits screen


An account at the Support Center enables customers to plan, purchase, and manage service credits.
A complete shopping-cart experience and service credits management functionality simplifies the
way customers purchase and manage services. This provides customers with real-time links to
systems that accurately display service credit entitlement. Customers can get full flexibility of
selection when redeeming credit to allow mixture of selection based on credit age and obligation
source. They are notified about credit balance, schedule changes, and expiration dates.
Personalized device dashboard
The personalized device dashboard (Figure 9-20) provides status and details on a specific device.
Benefits include:

Figure 9-20. Personalized device dashboard


Personalized, secure device information
Easy navigation to details
Rich configuration and service event details for devices remotely monitored by HP
Contract and warranty details by device
Information about support cases
Integrated product and support view
The result is that customers spend less time searching for information and more time focusing on
business.
Note
Visit http://www.hp.com/support/InsightOnline_GSG_en to access the Insight Online Users
Guide for more information about the personalized device dashboard.

Insight Online reports


From the Insight Online Reports screen (Figure 9-21), you can create reports and save templates for
reuse, as well as view and download generated reports. Report types include:

Figure 9-21. Insight Online Reports screen


Hardware configuration reports for HP servers and storage:
ProLiant
BladeSystem enclosures
EVA
HP StoreVirtual
HP P2000 Modular Smart Arrays (MSA)
HP StoreFabric, HP StoreEasy, and HP StoreAll product families
Service events
Open and closed support cases
Warranties, contracts, and Care Pack
Firmware
HP Proactive Care (available with a Proactive Care Service contract)
Insight Online reports are available in the following formats:
PDF
Excel
Zipped CSV
Note
Vi s i t http://www.hp.com/support/InsightOnline_RG_en for more information on using
Insight Online Reports.

HP Proactive Care reports


HP Proactive Care Service is a flexible, comprehensive, and cost-effective service that combines
smart technology and support to boost performance. HP works in partnership with the customer to
provide proactive consultation and recommendations from HP technology expertsas well as rapid
expert support if needed. As shown in Figure 9-22, Proactive Care reporting is available at regular
intervals.

Figure 9-22. Proactive Care reports


Proactive Care integrates proactive and reactive hardware and software support elements, so the
customer can get superior value out of their IT investments. The HP support solution is structured on
three guiding principles for service delivery:
PersonalizedCustomers have access to advanced technical expertise for rapid problem diagnosis
and resolution with a premium call experience, where a Technical Solution Specialist acts as a
single point of contact for end-to-end case ownership.
ProactiveProactive Care leverages industry-leading remote support technology for real-time
monitoring, alerts to diagnose and fix issues early, and call logging for reactive supportall of
which help avoid downtime. This also facilitates analysis, which HP uses to deliver proactive
reports with firmware and patch analysis and recommendations, as well as proactive scan health
check reporting on the customers infrastructure.
SimplifiedProactive Care offers a single point of contact to manage support cases from end to end
and an integrated set of support deliverables at one of three service support levels selected by the
customer. Proactive Care can be purchased at any time (when customer purchases HP products or
contractually afterwards) and can cover the entire stack.
HP aims to help prevent problems and costly downtime and to help customers focus on the projects
and initiatives that are most important to their business.

Insight Online: My Customer (partner view)


As illustrated in Figure 9-23, the My Customer view of Insight Online for HP authorized partners
provides:

Figure 9-23. Insight Online: My Customer


A personalized dashboard to monitor device health, hardware events, and contract and warranty
status for customers devices, with easy-to-use navigation to detailed information.
The devices feature, which presents a visual status of individual devices and device groups.
Devices can be organized for easier management, and information can be shared with colleagues.
The service event, which includes details regarding hardware failure and part replacement
information for faster and accurate problem resolution.
A reporting feature for device lifecycle management to assist with identifying product and support
upsell opportunities within the customer account.

Personalized partner dashboard


The Insight Online dashboard (Figure 9-24) integrates a customers support and product information
into one at-a-glance view for quick and efficient management. The visual interface allows HP
partners to easily assess the information they need to help them support the customers IT
environment.
Figure 9-24. Personalized partner dashboard

Use case examples


Insight Online HP channel partner quotes
Remote monitoring and automated case creation saves time for customersit is typically several
hours faster to resolve a hardware problem.
The companies I work with find that Insight Online is one of the biggest advantages Mikael
of HP remote management tools. Customers like the idea of being able to see the Christenson,
status of their HP system from anywherethey like being able to see their equipment Senior
and its status. Without Insight Online, I could not offer my customers this service of Consultant,
monitoring their environment. ATEA
(Figure 9-25)
Figure 9-25. Insight Online HP channel partner ATEA

Insight Online direct connect channel partner quotes


Insight Online direct connect is a cinch to set up and is a great fit for our smaller customers and
those with remote branch locations. It enables AdvizeX to provide the HP Insight Online experience
to these customers in a very efficient manner.
Tom Knight, Senior Solutions Architect, AdvizeX (Figure 9-26)

Figure 9-26. Direct connect channel partner AdvizeX


Using Insight Online with direct connect capabilities benefits our customers. Their HP Armin
ProLiant servers are continuously monitored so they dont need to contact HP Support Kerl,
when an issue arises.Our customers tell us they were contacted by HP when they had a Senior
hardware issue and before they even knew something was wrong.And best of all, the Consultant,
implementation is fast, requires no additional resources, and is free of charge with HP SWS
contract and warranty support. Regensburg
(Figure 9-
27)
Figure 9-27. Direct connect channel partner SWS

Learning check
Questions
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
chapter. Read all the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Choose
all correct answers for each question.

1. An SMB customer needs to provide remote support for the ProLiant servers in their growing data
center. They need to be able to monitor several ProLiant G7 and Gen8 rack-mounted servers, in
addition to an HP MSA storage system. Which solution should you recommend for this customer?
a. HP OneView
b. Insight Online
c. Insight Remote Support
d. HP Systems Insight Manager

2. What are two Insight Online configuration options? (Select two.)


a. Virtual Connect
b. Direct connect
c. Intelligent Provisioning
d. Central connect

3. Which types of customers are target users of Insight Online direct connect for remote support?
(Select two.)
a. SMBs needing simple deployment and automated support
b. IT data center and remote sites needing automated support for remote sites and data centers in
heterogeneous environment
c. HPC customers needing automated parts replacement for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers
d. SMBs needing site-to-site data replication services
e. IT data center and remote sites needing high-availability clustering

Answers
1. C is correct. Insight Remote Support provides monitoring of ProLiant servers earlier than Gen8 and HP storage and
networking products.
A, B , and D are incorrect. A is incorrect because OneView is not supported on ProLiant servers earlier than Gen8. B is
incorrect because it does not provide monitoring of ProLiant servers earlier than Gen8 and HP storage and networking
products. D is incorrect because HP SIM alone does not provide remote monitoring and support, and is being replaced by
OneView.
2. B and D are correct. The two Insight Online configuration options are direct connect and central connect.
A and C are incorrect. A is incorrect because Virtual Connect is networking technology. C is incorrect because Intelligent
Provisioning is a single-server deployment tool.
3. A and C are correct. Insight Online direct connect is ideal for SMBs who have only ProLiant Gen8 or Gen9 servers in their
environment and who need simple deployment and automated support and little or no maintenance for the support solution. It
is also ideal for HPC customers who need automated parts replacement for ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers and a solution
independent of the operating system.
B , D, and E are incorrect. B is incorrect because IT data center and remote sites that need automated support for remote
sites and data centers in heterogeneous environment should use Insight Remote Support. D and E are incorrect because
Insight Online does not provide site-to-site data replication services or high-availability clustering.
10 Practice Test

INTRODUCTION
The HP ASE Architecting Server Solutions v2 certification is considered an advanced-level
certification.
This certification targets solution architects, including the following job titles:
Presales architects
Consultants
Presales engineers
Systems engineers
The intent of this book is to set expectations about the context of the exam and to help candidates
prepare for it. You can find the recommended training to prepare for this exam at the HP ExpertOne
website (www.hp.com/go/ExpertOne), as well as in books like this one. It is important to note that
although training is recommended for exam preparation, successful completion of the training alone
does not guarantee that you will pass the exam. In addition to training, exam items are based on
knowledge gained from on-the-job experience and application, as well as other supplemental
reference material that may be specified in this guide.

MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS
The ASE Architecting Server Solutions v2 certification is targeted at the ASE skill level and is the
next progressive step after a candidate has achieved HP ATP Server Solutions certification.
Although anyone can take the exam, HP recommends that candidates have a minimum of two years of
experience with server technologies, preferably HP server solutions. It is also expected that
candidates will have industry-standard server technology knowledge from training, hands-on
experience, or participation in other technical events.

CANDIDATE PROFILE
The ASE Architecting Server Solutions v2 certification is ideal for individuals who perform planning
and design tasks for HP ProLiant servers. Architects use strong business skills and technical skills to
identify customer requirements and recommend appropriate technical solutions. The architect
performs demonstrations of equipment and tools for fellow employees and customers. The architect
advises integration staff on design proposals. Architect responsibilities include:
Design and consult on HP solutions
Use business and technical skills to assess customer requirements
Design tangible metrics-driven IT business solutions based on a customers needs, leveraging the
HP broad portfolio of products and solutions
Explain how technology implementation will meet achievable business metrics and objectives
Provide a competent working understanding of HPs broad portfolio of products with the ability to
demonstrate solutions to fellow employees and customers

EXAM DETAILS
The following details describe the exam:
Exam ID: HP0-S42
Number of items: 60
Item types: multiple choice (single response), multiple choice (multiple response), matching, drag-
and-drop
Exam time: 105 minutes
Passing score: 70%
Reference material: No online or hard copy reference material will be allowed at the testing site.

HP0-S42 testing objectives


20%HP server technologies
Explain how the accelerating pace of change requires a new style of IT
Describe the strategy and benefits of an HP Converged Infrastructure
Explain how ProLiant Gen9 server technologies make advancements in the areas of compute,
storage, and networking
Identify HP Converged Management solutions
Describe the HP approach to security for ProLiant Gen9 servers
State the HP best practices for power and cooling in the data center
Describe HP position and market share in the server solutions industry

10%Rack and tower server solutions


Describe HP ProLiant rack and tower server families (DL and ML) and the workloads they target
Name the HP options with innovations for ProLiant Gen9 rack and tower servers
Specify appropriate internal storage solutions for ProLiant DL and ML servers individually and in
dense rack packages
Use HP QuickSpecs

10%HP BladeSystem solutions


Explain how the HP BladeSystem Gen9 portfolio provides solutions in the compute era
List the steps in the process of building a BladeSystem solution
5%HP density-optimized solutions
Describe the features and functions of HP Apollo systems density-optimized servers
Explain why high-performance computing (HPC) is important
Discuss how case studies demonstrate that Apollo systems offer solutions for service provider and
HPC customers
Describe HP SL series servers

5%HP Moonshot solutions


Explain how the HP Moonshot system addresses modern IT workloads with a new class of
software-defined servers
Identify use cases for Moonshot servers
Identify customer success stories for Moonshot solutions

15%Planning and designing HP server solutions


Describe how to assess the customers requirements and environment in order to develop an HP
server solution
Name the design considerations that must be taken into account when planning and designing a
ProLiant server solution
Discuss scenarios in which customers have successfully implemented ProLiant server solutions
Name the tools available from HP for selecting solution components and sizing and designing the
solution

15%Preparing for deployment


Explain how to prepare a ProLiant server for deployment by using HP on-system tools

10%Provisioning an infrastructure
Explain how to use HP on-premise management tools to provision an infrastructure
Explain how HP OneView and HP Insight Control server provisioning work together
Explain how OneView coexists with legacy management tools
Describe OneView extensibility

10%Maintaining a server environment


Describe the HP tools used to maintain and manage a server environment
Test preparation questions and answers
The following questions will help you measure your understanding of the material presented in this
book. Read all of the choices carefully, because there might be more than one correct answer. Select
all correct answers for each question.

Questions
1. What is a focus of the HP approach to the compute era?
a. Decreasing the time to service
b. Controlling operations growth
c. Enabling incremental, generational compute resources
d. Allowing dynamic applications and services on a per user basis

2. Which three HP design principles transform traditional, siloed servers? (Select three.)
a. Convergence
b. Functionally defined design
c. Workload-optimized design
d. Built-in automatic intelligence
e. Dedicated physical infrastructure
f. Software-defined/cloud-ready design

3. What is a limitation of phase-change random access memory (PRAM)?


a. Threshold resistance
b. Degradation over time
c. High power consumption
d. Slower than flash memory

4. Which memory technology reduces the electrical load to the memory controller, allowing higher
capacity memory to run in three DIMMs-per-channel configurations?
a. MRAM
b. RDIMM
c. LRDIMM
d. NVDIMM

5. Which two ProLiant BL460c Gen9 advanced memory protection features work together to prevent
accumulation of correctable errors, reducing the likelihood of unplanned downtime? (Select two.)
a. Rank sparing
b. Patrol scrubbing
c. Demand scrubbing
d. Single device data correction (SDDC)
e. Advanced error checking and correcting (ECC)

6. What is one difference between LRDIMMs and RDIMMs?


a. An LRDIMM buffers the data lines; an RDIMM does not.
b. An LRDIMM buffers the address and control signals; an RDIMM does not.
c. An RDIMM reduces problems associated with heat and power dissipation; an LRDIMM does
not.
d. In an LRDIMM, data signals are driven by a controller, limiting performance; an RDIMM
improves performance.

7. What enables ProLiant DL Gen9 servers to be configured with their maximum number of drives?
a. HP SmartCache
b. HP 12 Gb SAS Expander Card
c. HP Smart Storage Administrator (SSA)
d. HP Smart SAS host bus adapter (HBA)

8. Which network protocol provides improved I/O performance and application CPU efficiency when
compared to TCP/IP?
a. Data Center Bridging
b. Fibre Channel over IP (FCIP)
c. Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE)
d. RDMA over Converged Ethernet (RoCE)

9. What minimizes the impact of overlay networking on host performance with tunnel offloading
support for network virtualization using generic routing encapsulation (NVGRE) and virtual
extensible LAN (VXLAN)?
a. NIC partitioning
b. Receive-side scaling (RSS)
c. HP 20Gb FlexFabric converged network adapter (CNA)
d. HP FlexFabric 556 series and FlexFabric 650 series adapters

10.Which HP technology correlates power use and server performance and regulates CPU power
usage based on workload for ProLiant DL servers?
a. OneView
b. Dynamic Power Capping
c. Advanced Power Manager (APM)
d. HP Intelligent Power Distribution Units (iPDUs)

11.Which feature of HP Smart Array controllers helps smooth the performance and efficiency of
write commands?
a. SSD Smart Path
b. Embedded SATA chipset
c. Flash backed write cache (FBWC)
d. HP Smart Storage Administrator (SSA)

12.Which feature of the HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller distinguishes it from other
controllers available for ProLiant Gen9 servers?
a. It has 16 SAS ports.
b. It is embedded on the system board.
c. SmartCache ships standard with the controller.
d. HP Secure Encryption ships standard with the controller.

13.A customer is currently running a ProLiant DL380e Gen8 server and wants to upgrade to a similar
system. Which server should this customer consider?
a. ProLiant ML350 Gen9
b. ProLiant DL180 Gen9
c. ProLiant DL360 Gen9
d. ProLiant DL580 Gen8

14.How does the ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server compare to the ProLiant ML350p Gen8 server?
a. It has more available DIMM slots and greater maximum memory capacity.
b. It supports a wider range of memory types and memory protection options.
c. It has more cores, increased memory availability, and greater storage expandability.
d. It supports a wider range of Smart Array controller options and ships standard with more hard
drives.

15.What is the minimum number of drives needed for a RAID 60 configuration?


a. Three
b. Four
c. Six
d. Eight

16.Where can you access the QuickSpecs for a ProLiant server? (Select two.)
a. At http://docs.hp.com
b. At http://www.hp.com/go/quickspecs
c. Through the HP Partner Portal
d. Through the HP Marketing Document Library

17.What is one similarity between HP BladeSystem c3000 enclosures and c7000 enclosures?
a. Built-in redundant network connections
b. A shared 7.1 Tbps high-speed midplane
c. Support for eight full-height server blades
d. Redundant Onboard Administrator modules standard

18.Which type of module should you use to connect BladeSystem servers to the network and reduce
network sprawl at the network edge?
a. Fibre Channel
b. Ethernet
c. Stacking (ISL)
d. Virtual Connect

19.What works together with Virtual Connect to enable flatter low-latency networks?
a. Distributed trunking
b. Spanning tree protocol
c. HP 3PAR StoreServ Storage
d. HP Intelligent Resilient Framework (IRF)

20.Why is Virtual Connect managed as part of the server system rather than as part of the network?
a. Because a Virtual Connect domain is isolated from the network
b. Because Virtual Connect presents itself to the network as an endpoint
c. Because Virtual Connect modules are not connected to the network via NICs
d. Because Virtual Connect Manager is configured as a server system device by default

21.What enables BladeSystem network traffic to travel in an east-west direction, thereby reducing
latency?
a. FlexFabric
b. Distributed trunking
c. Spanning tree protocol
d. Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)

22.Which BladeSystem storage blade translates file data from the server into blocks for storage in a
clustered environment?
a. HP D2200sb Storage Blade
b. HP X1800sb G2 Network Storage Blade
c. HP X3800sb G2 Network Storage Gateway Blade
d. HP Direct Connect SAS Storage for HP BladeSystem

23.A customer is running a D2200sb Storage Blade in a BladeSystem cluster. What does this
customer need to use in order to implement an iSCSI SAN in the cluster?
a. HP StoreVirtual VSA
b. 3PAR StoreServ Storage
c. Virtual Connect Ethernet interconnect
d. Virtual Connect Fibre Channel interconnect

24.Which ProLiant SL6500 series server is a half-width density-optimized server that enables up to
16 GPUs to be implemented in one chassis?
a. ProLiant SL230s Gen8
b. ProLiant SL250s Gen8
c. ProLiant SL270s Gen8
d. ProLiant SL4540 Gen8

25.How do high-performance computing (HPC) customers use IT differently from corporate IT


customers?
a. An HPC customers IT expenditure is often 10 times that of a corporate IT customer.
b. An HPC customer requires more high availability than a corporate IT customer requires.
c. An HPC customer uses more density-optimized server nodes than a corporate IT customer uses.
d. An HPC customers IT infrastructure is based on a 64-bit platform; a corporate IT customers IT
infrastructure is based on a 32-bit platform.

26.What is the function of the Apollo system Innovation Zone?


a. It provides heat transfer from the dry-disconnect server trays.
b. It dynamically assigns tasks in the workload to available resources.
c. It provides options for workload optimization such as SmartCache.
d. It allows for FlexibleLOM options, including InfiniBand, 10GbE, and 1Gb.

27.What provides cooling for the HP Apollo f8000 Rack and isolates it from untreated, potentially
incompatible primary water?
a. An underfloor cooling circuit
b. A secondary closed-loop plumbing system
c. A vacuum pump with quick-connect hoses
d. The Intelligent Cooling Distribution Unit (iCDU)

28.Which feature distinguishes Moonshot from other ProLiant solutions?


a. A 1.5U external power shelf
b. A shared 7.1 Tbps high-speed midplane
c. Server cartridges that use mobile device systems-on-chip (SoCs)
d. Infrastructure, server, chassis, and rack-level power management from a single console

29.A customer needs to provision a bare-metal Moonshot server as quickly as possible without going
through a hypervisor. What should the customer use?
a. HP OneView
b. HP Cloud OS
c. HP OS build plans
d. HP Server Automation

30.Which operating systems are supported on the ProLiant Moonshot Server Cartridge? (Select two.)
a. Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
b. Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6.4
c. Windows Server 2012
d. Windows Server 2012 R2
e. Windows 7 Enterprise with SP1 (x64)

31.Which ProLiant server family is the best fit for a customer that is a Tier 1 service provider?
a. Apollo system
b. Moonshot system
c. ProLiant BL family
d. ProLiant SL family

32.What is the key consideration regarding service level agreements (SLAs) when designing a
customer solution?
a. System and data security
b. Hardware and application availability
c. The balance between perfection and price
d. Data retention policies and legal compliance

33.What is the traditional reason why resource utilization rates are low?
a. High virtualization oversubscription ratios are used.
b. Virtual machines have network bandwidth bottlenecks.
c. Resources are pooled across a small number of servers.
d. Environments are configured to handle peak workloads.

34.What does HP recommend when sizing memory for a new virtualization platform?
a. Use high-density DIMMs to increase server memory.
b. Use guidance from the virtualization platform provider.
c. Calculate overhead to match resources required by the hardware.
d. Determine the maximum memory on both the host and guest operating systems.

35.On which factor is the cost constraint on VM oversubscription based?


a. The cost of network bandwidth
b. The cost of the hypervisor licenses
c. The size of the memory configuration
d. The ratio of high-density to low-density DIMMs

36.Which ProLiant servers support UEFI? (Select two.)


a. ProLiant MicroServer
b. All ProLiant Gen9 servers
c. All ProLiant Gen8 servers
d. ProLiant DL580 Gen8 server

37.Which utility enables you to configure system BIOS configuration settings?


a. UEFI
b. ROM-Based Setup Utility (RBSU)
c. iLO 4 Configuration Utility
d. HP RESTful Interface Tool

38.What is a disadvantage of using ping sweeps (using direct interrogation) to obtain server status
information? (Select two.)
a. They are time consuming.
b. They can be resource intensive.
c. They can employ unsecure back doors.
d. They can contain outdated information.
e. They rely on additional tools for external communication.

39.What is an advantage of using Insight Control server provisioning OS build plans?


a. They can be used as templates.
b. They can be used to deploy physical and virtual machines.
c. They can be updated automatically using a previously saved configuration.
d. They use the software installed on the target server to perform operations.

40.Which HP remote support configuration option depends on having Insight Remote Support
software installed locally?
a. OneView
b. Support Automation
c. Insight Online direct connect
d. Insight Remote Support central connect

Answers
1. A. Decreasing the time to service is an HP approach to the compute era. Two others are minimizing the cost of service and
optimizing infrastructure.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
B , C, and D are incorrect because they are not HP approaches to the compute era. Controlling operations growth is a
customer challenge, not an HP approach to the compute era. Enabling incremental, generational compute resources is an
outdated approach that is no longer sufficient. Allowing dynamic applications and services on a per user basis are models for
measuring and consuming compute resources, not HP approaches to the compute era.
2. A, C, and F. Convergence, workload-optimized design, and software-defined/cloud-ready design are the three HP design
principles that transform traditional, siloed servers. They form the basis of HP designs solutions for the compute era.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
B , D, and E are incorrect because they do not transform traditional, siloed servers. B is incorrect because a functionally
defined server is not designed for an HP Converged Infrastructure. D is incorrect because although components of ProLiant
servers and racks are intelligent, they are not necessarily built-in or automatic. E is incorrect because a dedicated physical
infrastructure is not versatile enough to transform traditional, siloed servers.
3. A. Threshold resistance is a limitation of phase-change random access memory (PRAM).
For more information, see Chapter 1.
B is incorrect because a PRAM does not degrade over time. C and D are incorrect because PRAM does not have high
power consumption and is not slower than flash memory.
4. C. LRDIMMs reduce the electrical load to the memory controller, allowing higher capacity memory to run in three DIMMs-
per-channel configurations.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
A, B , and D are incorrect because none of these memory technologies are designed to reduce the electrical load to the
memory controller.
5. B and C. Patrol scrubbing and demand scrubbing work together to prevent accumulation of correctable errors, reducing the
likelihood of unplanned downtime.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
A is incorrect because rank sparing uses less spare memory, resulting in less overhead. D and E are incorrect because
SDDC and advanced ECC work together to allow continued memory operation in the event of a single memory device
failure.
6. A. Unlike an RDIMM, an LRDIMM buffers the data lines.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
B is incorrect because both LRDIMMs and RDIMMs buffer the address and control signals. C is incorrect because
LRDIMMs reduce problems associated with heat and power dissipation. D is incorrect because in an RDIMM, data signals
are driven by a controller.
7. B . The 12 Gb SAS Expander Card enables ProLiant DL Gen9 servers to be configured with their maximum number of
drives.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
A, C, and D are incorrect because none of these technologies enables ProLiant DL Gen9 servers to be configured with their
maximum number of drives.
8. D. RoCE provides improved I/O performance and application CPU efficiency when compared to TCP/IP.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
A, B , and C are incorrect because although Data Center Bridging improves and expands Ethernet networking and
management capabilities in the data center, it helps ensure delivery over lossless fabrics and I/O convergence onto a unified
fabric. It does not improve application CPU efficiency when compared to TCP/IP. B and C are incorrect because these
network protocols do not provide improved I/O performance and application CPU efficiency when compared to TCP/IP.
9. D. FlexFabric 556 series and FlexFabric 650 series adapters minimize the impact of overlay networking on host performance
with tunnel offloading support for NVGRE and VXLAN.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
A is incorrect because NIC partitioning allows server blades and rack-mounted servers to achieve convergence goals
through the utility that controls one adapter per server. B is incorrect because RSS balances incoming short-lived traffic
across multiple processors while preserving ordered packet delivery. C is incorrect because this adapter merges access to a
SAN and the computer network. None of these technologies minimize the impact of overlay networking on host
performance with tunnel offloading support for NVGRE and VXLAN.
10. B . Dynamic Power Capping measures real-time power usage, correlates power use and server performance, regulates
CPU power usage based on workload, and regulates and caps power consumption by using a server power microcontroller
to measure and control power consumption.
For more information, see Chapter 1.
A, C, and D are incorrect because they do not correlate power use and server performance and regulate CPU power usage
based on workload. A is incorrect; although OneView has power management capabilities, it does not specifically correlate
power use and server performance and regulate CPU power usage based on workload. C is incorrect because APM is a
rack-level solution for the Apollo 6000 system. D is incorrect because HP iPDUs track outlet power usage, showing system-
by-system power usage and available power.
11. C. Flash backed write cache (FBWC) helps smooth the performance and efficiency of write commands.
For more information, see Chapter 2.
A is incorrect because SSD Smart Path enhances SSD read performance by bypassing Smart Array firmware for the
optimal path to the SSD. B is incorrect because an embedded SATA chipset enables you to create RAID arrays. D is
incorrect because SSA allows you to expand capacity on an existing volume or create new logical volumes.
12. B . Unlike other currently shipping Smart Array controllers for ProLiant Gen9 servers, the Dynamic Smart Array B140i
Controller is embedded on the system board.
For more information, see Chapter 2.
A is incorrect because the Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller has 10 SATA ports; it does not support SAS drives. C
and D are incorrect because both these features are options with most other currently shipping Smart Array controllers for
ProLiant Gen9 servers. They are not supported by the Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller.
13. B . This customer should consider the ProLiant DL180 Gen9 because it is the most similar to the DL380e Gen8 that they
currently have. The ProLiant DL180 Gen9 is on the upgrade path for the DL380e Gen8.
For more information, see Chapter 2.
A is incorrect because the ProLiant ML350 Gen9 ships in a tower form factor, which is not similar to what the customer
currently has. C is incorrect because the ProLiant DL360 Gen9 is not as similar to the customers existing server and is not
in the upgrade path for the ProLiant DL380e. D is incorrect because it is a 500 series server and a Gen8; it is not similar to
the customers existing server and is not in the upgrade path.
14. C. Compared to the ProLiant Gen8 server, the ProLiant ML350p Gen8 server has more cores, increased memory
availability, and greater storage expandability.
For more information, see Chapter 2.
A is incorrect because the ProLiant ML350p Gen8 and ML350 Gen9 have the same number of available DIMM slots and
the same maximum memory capacity. B is incorrect because the ProLiant ML350 Gen9 supports fewer memory types. D is
incorrect because the ProLiant ML350 Gen9 supports fewer controller options and ships standard with no hard drives.
15. D. RAID 60 requires a minimum of eight drives.
A is incorrect because RAID 5 requires three drives. B is incorrect because RAID 6 ADG requires four drives. C is
incorrect because RAID 50 requires six drives.
16. B and D. You access the QuickSpecs for a ProLiant server through the HP Marketing Document Library, or by using the
shortcut URL http://www.hp.com/go/quickspecs.
For more information, see Chapter 2.
A and C are incorrect because they are not locations that host QuickSpecs.
17. B . BladeSystem c3000 enclosures and c7000 enclosures both have a shared 7.1 Tbps high-speed midplane.
For more information, see Chapter 3.
A is incorrect because the c3000 does not ship with built-in redundant network connections. C is incorrect because the
c7000 enclosure supports eight full-height server blades; the c3000 supports four. D is incorrect because redundant Onboard
Administrator modules are optional on the c3000.
18. D. A Virtual Connect connects BladeSystem servers to the network and reduces network sprawl at the network edge.
For more information, see Chapter 3.
A, B , and C are incorrect because installing a Fibre Channel, Ethernet, or Stacking (ISL) module does not enable Virtual
Connect to connect BladeSystem servers to the network and reduce network sprawl at the network edge.
19. D. IRF works together with Virtual Connect to enable flatter low-latency networks.
For more information, see Chapter 3.
A is incorrect because distributed trunking allows multiple port trunk links to be distributed across two switches to create a
trunk group. B is incorrect because spanning tree is a network protocol that prevents bridge loops. C is incorrect because
3PAR StoreServ Storage does not work with Virtual Connect to enable flatter low-latency networks.
20. B . Virtual Connect presents itself to the network as an endpoint, which enables Virtual Connect to be managed as part of
the server system rather than as part of the network.
For more information, see Chapter 3.
A, C, and D are incorrect because none of these statements are true regarding Virtual Connect.
21. A. FlexFabric enables BladeSystem network traffic to travel in an east-west direction, thereby reducing latency.
For more information, see Chapter 3.
B is incorrect because distributed trunking allows multiple port trunk links to be distributed across two switches to create a
trunk group. C is incorrect because spanning tree is a network protocol that prevents bridge loops. D is incorrect because
LACP enables you to bundle physical ports together to form a single logical channel.
22. C. The X3800sb G2 Network Storage Gateway Blade is used to access Fibre Channel, SAS, or iSCSI SAN storage,
translating file data from the server into blocks for storage to provide consolidated file, print, and management hosting
services in a package that can be clustered.
For more information, see Chapter 3.
A is incorrect because the D2200sb Storage Blade delivers direct-attached storage for ProLiant Gen8 and later server
blades. B is incorrect because the X1800sb G2 Network Storage Blade can be used as a low-cost SAN gateway to provide
consolidated file-serving access to Fibre Channel, SAS, or iSCSI SANs. D is incorrect because the Direct Connect SAS
Storage for BladeSystem Local storage can be built with zoned storage, or low-cost shared storage can be enabled within
the rack using high-performance 3 Gb/s SAS architecture.
23. A. StoreVirtual VSA is required to implement an iSCSI SAN in the cluster.
For more information, see Chapter 3.
B , C, and D are incorrect because none of these components are required to implement an iSCSI SAN in the cluster.
24. C. The ProLiant SL270s Gen8 is a half-width density-optimized server that enables up to 16 GPUs to be implemented in one
SL6500 chassis.
For more information, see Chapter 4.
A and B are incorrect because the ProLiant SL230s Gen8 and the ProLiant SL250s Gen8 are full-width server blades. D is
incorrect because the ProLiant SL4540 Gen8 is supported in the ProLiant SL4500, not the ProLiant SL6500.
25. A. An HPC customers IT expenditure is often 10 times that of a corporate IT customer.
For more information, see Chapter 4.
B , C, and D are incorrect because these statements are not true.
26. D. The Apollo Innovation Zone allows for FlexibleLOM options, including InfiniBand, 10GbE, and 1Gb.
For more information, see Chapter 4.
A, B , and C are incorrect because these are not the functions of the Innovation Zone.
27. B . A secondary closed-loop plumbing system provides cooling for the Apollo f8000 rack and isolates it from untreated,
potentially incompatible primary water.
For more information, see Chapter 4.
A is incorrect because although it provides cooling for the rack, it does not isolate it from untreated, potentially incompatible
water. C is incorrect because the vacuum pump does not provide cooling for the Apollo f8000 rack or isolate it from
untreated, potentially incompatible primary water. D is incorrect because although the iCDU can cool up to six racks, it does
not isolate the rack from untreated, potentially incompatible primary water.
28. C. Moonshot systems feature server cartridges that use mobile device systems-on-chip (SoCs).
For more information, see Chapter 5.
A is incorrect because a 1.5U external power shelf is used in Apollo systems, not Moonshot. B is incorrect because a
shared 7.1 Tbps high-speed midplane is used in BladeSystem enclosures. D is incorrect because management from a single
console is not unique to Moonshot.
29. B . Cloud OS speed bare-metal provisioning by automating workload deployment directly on physical nodes, rather than going
through a hypervisor.
For more information, see Chapter 5.
A, C, and D are incorrect because these tools are not used for provisioning.
30. A and B . the ProLiant Moonshot Server Cartridge supports Ubuntu 12.04 LTS and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6.4.
For more information, see Chapter 5.
C, D, and E are incorrect. These operating systems are supported on other Moonshot server cartridges, but not the ProLiant
Moonshot Server Cartridge.
31. D. A Tier 1 service provider should consider the ProLiant SL family as the best fit.
For more information, see Chapter 6.
A, B , and C are incorrect because these systems are not the best fit for a Tier 1 service provider.
32. C. The balance between perfection and price is the key consideration regarding SLAs when designing a customer solution.
For more information, see Chapter 6.
A, B , and D are incorrect because, although they are important, they are not the key consideration regarding SLAs when
designing a customer solution.
33. D. Traditionally, resource utilization rates are low because environments are configured to handle peak workloads.
For more information, see Chapter 6.
A, B , and C are incorrect because these reasons do not contribute to why resource utilization rates are low in traditional
environments.
34. B . When you size memory for a new virtualization platform, HP recommends using guidance from the virtualization platform
provider.
For more information, see Chapter 6.
A, C, and D are incorrect because these are not HP recommendations.
35. B . The cost constraint on VM oversubscription is based on the cost of the hypervisor licenses.
For more information, see Chapter 6.
A, C, and D are incorrect because these are not factors that determine the cost constraint on VM oversubscription.
36. B and D. All ProLiant Gen9 servers and the ProLiant DL580 Gen8 server support UEFI.
For more information, see Chapter 7.
A is incorrect because the MicroServer does not support UEFI. C is incorrect because not all ProLiant Gen8 servers
support UEFI; only the ProLiant DL580 Gen8 server supports UEFI.
37. C. The iLO 4 Configuration Utility enables you to configure system BIOS configuration settings.
For more information, see Chapter 7.
A, B , and D are incorrect because these utilities do not enable you to configure system BIOS configuration settings.
38. A and D. Ping sweeps have been replaced by iLO Federation because they are time consuming and can contain outdated
information.
For more information, see Chapter 7.
B , C, and E are incorrect because these characteristics describe methods other than ping sweeps.
39. A. Insight Control server provisioning OS build plans can be used as templates.
For more information, see Chapter 8.
B is incorrect because ICsp OS build plans cannot be used for virtual machine deployments. C is incorrect because they
cannot be updated automatically using a previously saved configuration. D is incorrect because ICsp OS build plans use the
software on the media server to provision managed servers.
40. D. Insight Remote Support central connect depends on having Insight Remote Support software installed locally.
For more information, see Chapter 9.
A is incorrect because OneView requires iLO for remote management or Insight Online/Insight Remote Support for remote
support. B is incorrect because Support Automation does not provide remote support. C is incorrect because Insight Online
direct connect does not require Insight Remote Support software to be installed locally.
Glossary

Active AgentA Agentless Application Apollo ArrayA Array


Health program Management programming systems set of Configurati
SystemAn that runs in A hardware interface Rack servers physical Utility
essential part the monitoring and (API)A featuring Intel hard drives (ACU)A
of the iLO background alerting specification Haswell-EP configured web-based
Management and capability that that describes processors into one or tool, useful
Engine, the regularly runs on the iLO how certain designed for more both novic
Active gathers chipset. software high- logical and mo
Health information components performance drives. experienced
System or should computing Arrayed RAID use
monitors and performs interact with (HPC) and drives have that facilita
records some other each other hyperscale significant the
changes in service on and make markets. The performance configuratio
the server a server. requests from HP Apollo and data and expansi
hardware and one another. 6000 has 10 protection of dri
system hot-swap advantages arrays. AC
configuration. server trays over is be
It assists in and two 1P nonarrayed replaced
diagnosing nodes per drives. SSA.
problems and tray. The HP
delivering Apollo 8000
rapid has a unique
resolution water-cooling
when system system that
failures packs
occur. computational
capability
into a
standard rack
footprint.
Index

A
ActiveAnswers tools241243
Active optical cables (AOCs)125126
Adaptive ProLiant Management Layer (APML)259260
Answers for learning check
BL600 series server blade160
configuration options409
dense general-purpose computing108
density-optimized solutions
external power shelf183
SL6500 Scalable System183
water-cooled Apollo 8000 system183
enterprise customers255
FIP snooping160
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module160
Flex-10 high availability160
HP Power of One160
HP SIM409
HP Smart Array108
HP tools255
iLO solution323
Insight Online direct connect409
Moonshot solutions
Insight Cluster Management Utility216
legacy servers216
Moonshot 1500 chassis216
systems-on-chip216
OneView
cost and time reduction377
Data Centers screen, 3-D model377
management features and tools377
storage data377
ProLiant Gen9 servers
ASHRAE A479
HP SmartCache79
innovations79
RoCE79
system memory capacity79
rack and tower servers
ProLiant 100 series108
ProLiant 300 series108
RESTful Interface Tool323
site survey254
Smart Array P440 controller108
Smart Update solution323
SMB customers254
SSA Diagnostics screen323
Tier 1 service providers254
UEFI System Utilities323
Virtual Connect160
Answers for practice exams
Apollo f8000 rack428
Apollo system428
bare-metal Moonshot server429
BIOS configuration430
BladeSystem c3000 and c7000 enclosures427
BladeSystem network traffic427
BladeSystem servers427
BladeSystem storage428
DIMMs-per-channel configurations424
Dynamic Smart Array B140i controller426
HP approaches424
HPC customers428
HP design principles424
Insight Control server provisioning430
Insight Remote support430
I/O performance and application CPU efficiency425
iSCSI SAN428
LRDIMMs and RDIMMs425
Moonshot429
NVGRE and VXLAN425
operating systems429
ping sweeps430
PRAM424
ProLiant BL460c Gen9 servers424
ProLiant DL380e Gen8 server426
ProLiant DL Gen9 servers425
ProLiant DL servers425426
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 vs. Gen8 servers426
ProLiant SL6500 series server428
QuickSpecs427
RAID 60 configuration426
resource utilization rates429
SLAs429
Smart Array controllers426
Tier 1 service provider429
UEFI430
Virtual Connect427
virtualization platform429
VM oversubscription430
Apollo systems
Apollo 6000 system
APM170
Apollo a6000 chassis167168
benefits166167
ProLiant XL230a Gen9 server168169
workloads166
Apollo 8000 system
advantages172
air-cooled system171172
Apollo f8000 rack171
components172173
Insight Cluster Management Utility177178
ProLiant XL730f Gen9 server174
ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server175
ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server176
System Manager177
large-scale deployment165
server positioning165
Array Configuration Utility (ACU)95, 310

B
BladeSystem solutions
answers for learning check
BL600 series server blade160
FIP snooping160
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module160
Flex-10 high availability160
HP Power of One160
Virtual Connect160
enclosure113114
FlexFabric adapter
architecture134
converged networks130
FlexFabric and Flex-10130
FlexFabric 20Gb CNAs129130
FlexFabric 20Gb 2-port 650 adapter131132
Flex-10 high availability135136
FlexNICs and FlexHBA traffic134135
lower cost130
transitioning Gen8 to Gen9132134
HP Power of One110111
OneView110
operating environment112113
power and cooling configurations154155
questions for learning check
BL600 series server blade159
FIP snooping159
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module159
Flex-10 high availability158
HP Power of One158
Virtual Connect158
server blades
BL460c Gen9139140
BL400 series137138
BL600 series138139
PCI expansion blade144
ProLiant WS460c Gen8 graphics145146
storage blades141143
transitions141
Ultrium tape blades143144
storage infrastructure146148
Technology Services155157
Virtual Connect
active optical cables125126
benefits116
cloud-ready environment115
components120
dual-hop FCoE support124125
Ethernet blade switches127128
FCoE117
Fibre Channel module126127
Fibre Channel switches128
Flex-10/10D module121122
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module123
FlexFabric 10Gb/24-port module122123
HCA mezzanine cards129
InfiniBand switches128
IRF domain119
network traffic optimization118
pass-thru modules128129
SAS switches128
vs. switch interconnect117118

C
Center for Collision Safety and Analysis (CCSA)179
Cloud OS, Moonshot
deployment197
features199200
operating systems200
organizations196
Converged management
IT service delivery and support3940
on-cloud management5455
on-premise management
features and functions51
GUI5253
SDDC5354
on-system management
features4041
iLO management4143
Smart Update solution4850
UEFI4447
Converged network adapters (CNAs)37, 120121, 232233

D
Data Center Bridging (DCB)35
Density-optimized solutions
answers for learning check
external power shelf183
SL6500 Scalable System183
water-cooled Apollo 8000 system183
Apollo 6000 system
APM170
Apollo a6000 chassis167168
benefits166167
ProLiant XL230a Gen9 server168169
workloads166
Apollo 8000 system
advantages172
air-cooled system171172
Apollo f8000 rack171
components172173
Insight Cluster Management Utility177178
ProLiant XL730f Gen9 Server174
ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server175
ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server176
System Manager177
large-scale deployment165
Minnesota Supercomputing Institute179180
NREL, Peregrine supercomputer180181
ProLiant SL server model
HPC163164
ProLiant SL2500161162
ProLiant SL4500162
ProLiant SL6500162163
questions for learning check
external power shelf182
SL6500 Scalable System182
water-cooled Apollo 8000 system182
server positioning165
SMBs178179
Deployment
answers for learning check
iLO solution323
RESTful Interface Tool323
Smart Update solution323
SSA Diagnostics screen323
UEFI System Utilities323
iLO and iLO Federation
administrators265
APML feature259260
connection261262
functions260
Group Firmware Update273275
Group Health Status267268
Group Power Capping271273
Group Power Control270271
Group Virtual Media269270
iLO 4266267
innovations262263
monitoring and managing server265
out-of-band management260261
peer-to-peer management system265
ProLiant Gen8/Gen9 servers259
ProLiant pre-boot health summary 263264
reliability and interoperability265266
questions for learning check
iLO solution321
RESTful Interface Tool321
Smart Update solution321
SSA Diagnostics screen322
UEFI System Utilities321
REST API
address scripting challenges291292
definition293
programming options293
Windows and Linux295
Windows PowerShell295, 296
RESTful Interface Tool294, 295
server lifecycle management257259
SSA
actions page312
Array Details screen315316
benefits310
Configure screen312313
Diagnostics screen313315
features and functions310
home page311
logical drive316317
HP SUM
components317
definition317
features318319
iLO Federation319320
SPP and firmware bundles317, 318
UEFI
BIOS firmware interface276
BIOS/Platform Configuration screen279283
definition275
Device Health Status288289
embedded applications286287
embedded UEFI shell289291
iLO 4 Configuration Utility284285
One-Time Boot menu285286
pre-boot applications276
RBSU functionality276
system configuration278279
system information287288
system utilities276278

E
Exam objectives
accelerating change1
Apollo systems161
BladeSystem solution
enclosures109
infrastructure management109
interconnects and adapters109
operating environment109
power and cooling configurations109
server blades109
services109
storage infrastructure109
customers requirements and environment217
customer success185
features and functions161
HPC161
HP converged management1
HP iLO and iLO Federation257
HP Intelligent Provisioning257
HP ProLiant Gen9 server technologies1
HP Scripting Toolkit257
HP tools217
Insight Control server provisioning (ICsp)325
Insight Online379
Insight Remote Support379
IT workloads185
market share position1
Moonshot servers185
OneView325
power and cooling1
ProLiant server solution217
rack and tower servers
ProLiant Gen9 server81
QuickSpecs81
workloads81
REST API and RESTful Interface Tool257
security1
SSA257
HP SUM257
UEFI257

F
FCoE Initialization Protocol (FIP) snooping124
Fibre Channel module126127
Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE)117
Flash backed write cache (FBWC) module95
Flat SAN technology147148
Flex-10/10D module121122
FlexFabric adapter
architecture134
converged networks130
FlexFabric and Flex-10130
FlexFabric 20Gb CNAs129130
FlexFabric 20Gb 2-port 650 adapter131132
FlexNICs and FlexHBA traffic134135
high availability, Flex-10135136
lower cost130
transitioning Gen8 to Gen9
Ethernet 20Gb 2-port 650 series132133
Flex 10/10D module134
FlexFabric 20/40 F8 module133
FlexibleLOM132
mezzanine cards132, 133
FlexFabric 20/40 F8 module123, 133
FlexFabric 10Gb/24-port module122123
G
Graphical user interface (GUI)5253

H
HP ActiveAnswers tools241243
HP Apollo systems
Apollo 6000 system
APM170
Apollo a6000 chassis167168
benefits166167
ProLiant XL230a Gen9 server168169
workloads166
Apollo 8000 system
advantages172
air-cooled system171172
Apollo f8000 rack171
components172173
Insight Cluster Management Utility177178
ProLiant XL730f Gen9 server174
ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server175
ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server176
System Manager177
large-scale deployment165
server positioning165
HP Array Configuration Utility (ACU)95, 310
HP CloudSystem design233
HP converged management
IT service delivery and support3940
on-cloud management5455
on-premise management
features and functions51
GUI5253
SDDC5354
on-system management
features4041
iLO management4143
Smart Update solution4850
UEFI4447
HP density-optimized solutions
answers for learning check
external power shelf183
SL6500 Scalable System183
water-cooled Apollo 8000 system183
Apollo 6000 system
APM170
Apollo a6000 chassis167168
benefits166167
ProLiant XL230a Gen9 server168169
workloads166
Apollo 8000 system
advantages172
air-cooled system171172
Apollo f8000 rack171
components172173
Insight Cluster Management Utility177178
ProLiant XL730f Gen9 server174
ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server175
ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server176
System Manager177
large-scale deployment165
Minnesota Supercomputing Institute179180
NREL, Peregrine supercomputer180181
ProLiant SL server model
HPC163164
ProLiant SL2500161162
ProLiant SL4500162
ProLiant SL6500162163
questions for learning check
external power shelf182
SL6500 Scalable System182
water-cooled Apollo 8000 system182
server positioning165
SMBs178179
HP Dynamic Smart Array B140i controller98
HP H240ar Smart HBA controller9899
HP Insight Cluster Management Utility (CMU)177178, 197198
HP Insight Control server provisioning (ICsp)
coexistence365366
components356
deployment354355
device groups359360
installation and startup service361362
OS build plans
automated tasks357358
features358359
OneView360361
HP Insight Online
advantages387388
answers for learning check
configuration options409
HP SIM409
Insight Online direct connect409
automated support386387
benefits384
case management386
contract and warranty management384385
converged management5455
customer view
contracts and warranties398399
Devices screen397398
HP authorized partner394395
Insight Online reports403404
My IT mobile dashboard396397
personalized dashboard395396
personalized device dashboard402
Proactive Care Service404405
service credits401
service events400
support cases399400
features384
functional areas384
infrastructure management153154
partner view
authorized partners405406
channel partner quotes407
direct connect channel partner quotes407
personalized partner dashboard406
questions for learning check
configuration options408
HP SIM408
Insight Online direct connect408
remote support configuration
Insight Online direct connect389390
Insight Remote Support central connect389390
My Customer view394
My IT393394
OneView392
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers390391
software products391393
Support Center382384
support dashboard386387
value proposition388389
HP Insight Remote Support
iLO 4 firmware version 2.0381
IT environments380
HP SIM382
SNMP381
HP integrated Lights-Out (iLO)
APML feature259260
connection261262
Federation
administrators265
Group Firmware Update273275
Group Health Status267268
Group Power Capping271273
Group Power Control270271
Group Virtual Media269270
in iLO 4266267
Intelligent Provisioning296297
monitoring and managing server265
peer-to-peer management system265
reliability and interoperability265266
HP SUM319320
functions260
innovations262263
management
hosts files4243
ping sweeps4243
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers4142
reliability and interoperability43
out-of-band management260261
Pre-boot Health Summary263264
ProLiant Gen8/Gen9 servers259
HP Intelligent Power Distribution Units (iPDUs)6162
HP Intelligent Provisioning
access297298
advantages297
iLO Federation296297
Insight Remote Support300301
operating system
Configure and Install screen301
hardware settings302303
information306
Review screen306308
selection303305
POST server299300
Set Preferences screen298299
single-server deployment296
SSA Perform Maintenance screen308309
HP Intelligent Series Racks67
HP iQuote248
HP Modular Cooling System (MCS) G270
HP Moonshot solutions
answers for learning check
Insight Cluster Management Utility216
legacy servers216
Moonshot 1500 chassis216
systems-on-chip216
HP.com
cartridges201202
data caching202203
data centers, replication209211
deployment201
environment201
reverse proxy203205
Web domains201
website content and downloads206208
InkaBinka, pain-free expansion212
IoT
benefits195
centralized deployment and management196197
Cloud OS199200
external storage193
features186187
general-purpose x86 servers186
infrastructure design188189
Insight Cluster Management Utility197198
internal storage192193
Management Module194
market differentiation185
Moonshot networking191192
operating systems185
provisioning and control198199
server cartridges189190
software defined servers186
HP SUM Overview screen195
value proposition187
myLoc213
PayPal, business innovation211
questions for learning check
Insight Cluster Management Utility214
legacy servers215
Moonshot 1500 chassis214
systems-on-chip214
HP Moonshot value proposition187
HP Onboard Administrator (OA)149, 150, 234
HP on-cloud management5455, 326
HP OneView
Active Directory351
Activity screen340
Add Enclosure screen344345
answers for learning check
cost and time reduction377
Data Centers screen, 3-D model377
management features and tools377
storage data377
architecture327328
BladeSystem management331332
certificate management351
closed-loop automation151152
coexistence
HP SIM and Insight Control364
ICsp365366
Insight Remote Support 7.x364365
legacy product366
VCM and VCEM363
components332333
dashboard335336
Data Centers screen341
features and functions51, 151, 328329
firmware management baselines349
group management341342
GUI5253
help features343
LDAP351
main menu334335
Map view338
new call recording system153
optimal management platform326327
orchestration152
patches and updates351352
questions for learning check
cost and time reduction376
3-D model376
management features and tools376
storage data376
rack server, adding346348
resource managers328
resources353354
REST API329330
role-based access350
SDDC5354
server blade
managed enclosure345
server hardware347348
unmanaged status346
unsupported status346
server profiles337
Smart Search339340
system health monitoring352
user interface333334
virtual appliance331332
VMware vCenter
end-to-end cluster deployment370
HP 3PAR shared storage support370371
integrations368369
management ecosystem367368
ProLiant and BladeSystem371372
SCVMM integration374375
System Center372374
HP on-premise management
features and functions51
GUI5253
SDDC5354
HP on-system management
features4041
iLO management
hosts files4243
ping sweeps4243
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers4142
reliability and interoperability43
Smart Update solution
HP SUM4950
system management and maintenance4849
technology49
UEFI
benefits45
operating system4446
REST API4647
system firmware44
HP 3PAR shared storage support370371
HP Power Advisor66, 249
HP ProLiant m300189
HP ProLiant m350189190
HP ProLiant m400190
HP ProLiant m700190
HP ProLiant m710190
HP ProLiant m800190
HP ProLiant SL server model
HPC163164
ProLiant SL2500161162
ProLiant SL4500162
ProLiant SL6500162163
HP ProLiant XL730f Gen9 server174
HP ProLiant XL740f Gen9 server175
HP ProLiant XL750f Gen9 server176
HP QuickSpecs104105
HP remote support configuration
Insight Online direct connect389390
Insight Remote Support central connect389390
My Customers view394
My IT393394
OneView392
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers390391
software products391393
HP Representational State Transfer (REST) application programming interface (API)
address scripting challenges291292
definition293
OneView329330
programming options293
standard architecture4647
Windows and Linux295
Windows PowerShell295, 296
HP RESTful Interface Tool294, 295
HP ROM-Based Setup Utility (RBSU) functionality276
HP Secure Encryption5859
HP Smart Array P440ar controller99100
HP Smart Array P84 controllers101102
HP Smart Storage Administrator (SSA)3031
actions page312
Array Details screen315316
benefits310
Configure screen312313
Diagnostics screen313315
features and functions310
home page311
logical drive316317
HP Smart Update Manager (HP SUM)
benefits50, 195
centralized deployment and management196197
Cloud OS199200
components317
definition317
features50, 318319
iLO Federation319320
Insight Cluster Management Utility197198
Overview screen195
provisioning and control198199
SPP and firmware bundles317, 318
HP Smart Update solution
HP SUM4950
system management and maintenance4849
technology49
HP SSD Smart Path3234
HP storage blades141143
HP Storage Sizer245246
HP Systems Insight Manager (HP SIM)364, 382
HP Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
benefits45
BIOS/Platform Configuration
advanced options283
boot options281
embedded UEFI shell281282
firmware interface276
PCI device enable/disable283
performance options282
power management282
serial console and EMS283
server asset information283
server availability283
server security282283
system options279281
definition275
Device Health Status288289
embedded applications286287
embedded UEFI shell289290
iLO 4 Configuration Utility284285
One-Time Boot menu285286
on-system management
benefits45
operating system4446
REST API4647
system firmware44
pre-boot applications276
RBSU functionality276
shell commands290291
system configuration278279
system information287288
system utilities
access277
configuration activities276277
functions277278
HP uninterruptible power supplies (UPSs)68
HP Unison Partner Portal
Proposal Web239
SBW238
Smart Product Catalog239
HP Virtual Connect
active optical cables125126
benefits116
BladeSystem management331
cloud-ready environment115
components120
dual-hop FCoE support124125
Ethernet blade switches127128
FCoE117
Fibre Channel module126127
Fibre Channel switches128
Flex-10/10D module121122
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module123
FlexFabric 10Gb/24-port module122123
HCA mezzanine cards129
InfiniBand switches128
IRF domain119
network traffic optimization118
OneView appliance332
pass-thru modules128129
SAS switches128
vs. switch interconnect117118
HP Virtual Connect Enterprise Manager (VCEM)363

I
InfiniBand switches128
Infrastructure management
components149
Insight Display150
Insight Online153154
lifecycle148
Onboard Administrator149
OneView
closed-loop automation151152
features151
new call recording system153
orchestration152
Insight Cluster Management Utility (CMU)177178
Insight Control server provisioning (ICsp)
coexistence365366
components356
deployment354355
device groups359360
installation and startup service361362
OS build plans
automated tasks357358
features358359
OneView360361
Insight Online
advantages387388
answers for learning check
configuration options409
HP SIM409
Insight Online direct connect409
automated support386387
benefits384
case management386
contract and warranty management384385
converged management5455
customer view
contracts and warranties398399
Devices screen397398
HP authorized partner394395
Insight Online Reports403404
My IT mobile dashboard396397
personalized dashboard395396
personalized device dashboard402
Proactive Care Service404405
service credits401
service events400
support cases399400
features384
functional areas384
infrastructure management153154
partner view
direct connect channel partner quotes407
HP authorized partners405406
HP channel partner quotes407
personalized partner dashboard406
questions for learning check
configuration options408
HP SIM408
Insight Online direct connect408
Remote support configuration
Insight Online direct connect389390
Insight Remote Support central connect389390
My Customers view394
My IT393394
OneView392
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers390391
software products391393
Support Center382384
support dashboard386387
value proposition388389
Insight Remote Support
iLO 4 firmware version 2.0381
IT environments380
HP SIM382
SNMP381
Integrated Lights-Out (iLO)
APML feature259260
connection261262
Federation
administrators265
Group Firmware Update273275
Group Health Status267268
Group Power Capping271273
Group Power Control270271
Group Virtual Media269270
in iLO 4266267
Intelligent Provisioning296297
monitoring and managing server265
peer-to-peer management system265
reliability and interoperability265266
HP SUM319320
functions260
innovations262263
out-of-band management260261
Pre-boot Health Summary263264
ProLiant Gen8/Gen9 servers259
Integrated Management Log (IML)287, 308
Intelligent Power Distribution Units (iPDUs)6162
Intelligent Provisioning
access297298
advantages297
iLO Federation296297
Insight Remote Support300301
operating system
Configure and Install screen301
hardware settings302303
information306
Review screen306308
selection303305
POST server299300
Set Preferences screen298299
single-server deployment296
SSA Perform Maintenance screen308309
Internet of Things (IoT)
benefits195
centralized deployment and management196197
Cloud OS199200
external storage193
features186187
general-purpose x86 servers186
infrastructure design188189
Insight Cluster Management Utility197198
internal storage192193
Management Module194
market differentiation185
Moonshot networking191192
operating systems185
provisioning and control198199
server cartridges189190
software defined servers186
HP SUM Overview screen195
value proposition187

L
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)351
Load-reduced DIMMs (LRDIMMs)20

M
Moonshot 1500 chassis188189
Moonshot solutions
answers for learning check
Insight Cluster Management Utility216
legacy servers216
Moonshot 1500 chassis216
systems-on-chip (SoCs)216
HP.com
cartridges201202
data caching202203
data centers, replication209211
deployment201
environment201
reverse proxy203205
Web domains201
website content and downloads206208
InkaBinka, pain-free expansion212
IoT
benefits195
centralized deployment and management196197
Cloud OS199200
external storage193
features186187
general-purpose x86 servers186
infrastructure design188189
Insight Cluster Management Utility197198
internal storage192193
Management Module194
market differentiation185
Moonshot networking191192
operating systems185
provisioning and control198199
server cartridges189190
software defined servers186
HP SUM Overview screen195
value proposition187
myLoc213
PayPal, business innovation211
questions for learning check
Insight Cluster Management Utility214
legacy servers215
Moonshot 1500 chassis214
systems-on-chip214

N
National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS)179
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)180181
Nonvolatile DIMM (NVDIMM)2122

O
Objectives for exams
accelerating change1
Apollo systems161
BladeSystem solution
enclosures109
infrastructure management109
interconnects and adapters109
operating environment109
power and cooling configurations109
server blades109
services109
storage infrastructure109
customers requirements and environment217
customer success185
features and functions161
high-performance computing161
HP converged management1
HP iLO and iLO Federation257
HP Intelligent Provisioning257
HP ProLiant Gen9 server technologies1
HP Scripting Toolkit257
HP tools217
ICsp325
Insight Online379
Insight Remote Support379
IT workloads185
market share position1
Moonshot servers185
OneView325
power and cooling1
ProLiant server solution217
rack and tower servers
ProLiant Gen9 server81
QuickSpecs81
workloads81
REST API and RESTful Interface Tool257
security1
SSA257
HP SUM257
UEFI257
Onboard Administrator (OA)149, 150, 234
On-cloud management5455, 326, 379380
OneView
Active Directory351
Activity screen340
Add Enclosure screen344345
answers for learning check
cost and time reduction377
Data Centers screen, 3-D model377
management features and tools377
storage data377
architecture327328
BladeSystem management331332
certificate management351
closed-loop automation151152
coexistence
HP SIM and Insight Control364
ICsp365366
Insight Remote Support 7.x364365
legacy product366
VCM and VCEM363
components332333
dashboard335336
Data Centers screen341
features and functions51, 151, 328329
firmware management baselines349
group management341342
GUI5253
help features343
LDAP351
main menu334335
Map view338
new call recording system153
optimal management platform326327
orchestration152
patches and updates351352
questions for learning check
cost and time reduction376
3-D model376
management features and tools376
storage data376
rack server, adding346348
resource managers328
resources353354
REST API329330
role-based access350
SDDC5354
server blade
managed enclosure345
server hardware347348
unmanaged status346
unsupported status346
server profiles337
Smart Search339340
system health monitoring352
user interface333334
virtual appliance331332
VMware vCenter
end-to-end cluster deployment370
HP 3PAR shared storage support370371
integrations368369
management ecosystem367368
ProLiant and BladeSystem371372
SCVMM integration374375
System Center372374
On-premise management
definition325
features and functions51
GUI5253
SDDC5354
On-system management
definition326
features4041
iLO management
hosts files4243
ping sweeps4243
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers4142
reliability and interoperability43
Smart Update solution
HP SUM4950
system management and maintenance4849
technology49
UEFI
benefits45
operating system4446
REST API4647
system firmware44

P
Pass-thru modules128129
Planning and designing
answers for learning check
enterprise customers255
HP tools255
site survey254
SMB customers254
Tier 1 service providers254
BladeSystem and OneView237
compute power236
customers requirements and environment
application analysis218
business requirements221
matching customers220
needs analysis218220
requirements analysis222
segment analysis222223
site survey224226
workload analysis223224
highly available design233234
hosted desktop infrastructure237238
HP tools
ActiveAnswers tools241243
configuration tools250
iQuote248
Power Advisor249
reference architectures244
SAN Design Reference Guide246247
Server Buying Guide240241
Storage Sizer245246
Unison Partner Portal238240
physical/virtual servers228229
ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server234235
proposal development
process250
proposal-ready documents251
Proposal Web251253
Reviewers251
scope of work253
questions for learning check
enterprise customers255
HP tools255
site survey254
SMB customers254
Tier 1 service providers254
server solution227228
SLAs226227
VM design
goals229230
I/O per VM232233
licensing cost233
memory per VM231232
processing capacity per VM231
ProLiant Gen9 servers
accelerating change23
answers for learning check
ASHRAE A479
HP SmartCache79
innovations79
RoCE79
system memory capacity79
compute innovations
benefits1112
DDR4 memory1819
ecosystem1314
hybrid DIMM2122
Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors1516
memory bus storage1617
NVDIMM2122
ProLiant BL460c Gen9 server blades1920
RDIMMs vs. LRDIMMs20
server series15
SmartMemory1718
converged infrastructure
compute power8
data center experience67
HP Technology Services1011
IT services78
R&D investments67
security67
workload-optimized portfolios910
converged management
HP iLO management4143
Insight Online5455
IT service delivery and support3940
OneView5154
Smart Update solution4850
UEFI4448
IT infrastructure
accelerating change23
data center34
design principles56
high-level attributes5
server optimization45
market share position
business outcomes7172
HP x86 servers72
partnerships, experience, and expertise71
strategic partner7476
Worldwide Quarterly Server Tracker73
networking innovations
Flex Adapter hardware3738
overlay networks3639
RDMA3435
RoCE3436
Virtual Connect3738
power and cooling
challenges5960
CS Platinum Power Supplies60
data center operation6869
Intelligent Series Racks67
iPDUs6162
MCS G270
Power Advisor66
power distribution units6264
power supply6466
Thermal Discovery Services60
UPSs68
questions for learning check
air-conditioning78
HDDs with SSDs77
innovations77
Microsoft Hyper-V Live Migration7778
system memory capacity77
rack and tower servers
Dynamic Smart Array B140i98
FBWC module95
FlexFabric 556 adapters102104
FlexibleLOM Gen9 transition path102
H240ar Smart HBA9899
HDDs and SSDs95
letters and numbers95
ProLiant DL360 and DL380 Gen9 servers9697
ProLiant DL300 Gen9 series97
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server9697
RAID fault tolerance9495
Smart Array P44099100
Smart Array P840101102
SmartCache95
SSA95
Secure Boot5558
Secure Encryption5859
storage innovations
customer storage22
Dynamic Smart Array B140i2526
12Gb SAS Expander Card2728
IO Accelerator2829
PCIe Workload Accelerator2829
P-series controllers2627
SmartCache3132
Smart Storage Battery2930
Smart Storage solutions2324
SSA3031
SSD Smart Path3234
ProLiant Pre-boot Health Summary263264
ProLiant server blades
BL460c Gen9 server blade139140
BL400 series137138
BL600 series138139
PCI expansion blade144
ProLiant WS460c Gen8 graphics145146
storage blades141143
transitions141
Ultrium tape blades143144
ProLiant SL server model
HPC163164
ProLiant SL2500161162
ProLiant SL4500162
ProLiant SL6500162163

Q
Questions for learning check
BL600 series server blade159
configuration options408
dense general-purpose computing106
density-optimized solutions
external power shelf182
SL6500 Scalable System182
water-cooled Apollo 8000 system182
enterprise customers255
FIP snooping159
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module159
Flex-10 high availability158
HP Power of One158
HP SIM408
HP Smart Array106
HP tools255
iLO solution321
Insight Online direct connect408
Moonshot solutions
Insight Cluster Management Utility214
legacy servers215
Moonshot 1500 chassis214
systems-on-chip214
OneView
cost and time reduction376
3-D model376
management features and tools376
storage data376
ProLiant Gen9 servers
air-conditioning78
HDDs with SSDs77
innovations77
Microsoft Hyper-V Live Migration7778
system memory capacity77
rack and tower servers
ProLiant 100 series106
ProLiant 300 series106
RESTful Interface Tool321
site survey254
Smart Array P440 controller106
Smart Update solution321
SMB customers254
SSA Diagnostics screen322
Tier 1 service providers254
UEFI System Utilities321
Virtual Connect158
Questions for practice exams
Apollo f8000 Rack420421
Apollo system420
bare-metal Moonshot server421
BIOS configuration423
BladeSystem c3000 and c7000 enclosures418
BladeSystem network traffic419
BladeSystem servers418419
BladeSystem storage419
DIMMs-per-channel configurations415416
Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller417
HP approaches415
HPC customers420
HP design principles415
Insight Control server provisioning423
Insight Remote Support423
I/O performance and application CPU efficiency416
iSCSI SAN420
LRDIMMs and RDIMMs416
Moonshot421
NVGRE and VXLAN417
operating systems421
ping sweeps423
PRAM415
ProLiant BL460c Gen9 servers416
ProLiant DL380e Gen8 server417418
ProLiant DL Gen9 servers416
ProLiant DL servers417
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 vs. Gen8 servers418
ProLiant SL6500 series server420
QuickSpecs418
RAID 60 configuration418
resource utilization rates422
SLAs422
Smart Array controllers417
Tier 1 service provider421
UEFI422
Virtual Connect419
virtualization platform422
VM oversubscription422
QuickSpecs104105

R
Rack servers
advantages8183
DL server
benefits83
ProLiant DL100 Gen9 server85
ProLiant DL160 Gen9 server86
ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server8788
ProLiant DL360 Gen9 server89
ProLiant DL380 Gen9 server9091
ProLiant 300/500 series88
positions8485
ProLiant Gen9 server
Dynamic Smart Array B140i98
FBWC module95
FlexFabric 556 adapters102104
FlexibleLOM Gen9 transition path102
H240ar Smart HBA9899
HDDs and SSDs95
letters and numbers95
ProLiant DL360 and DL380 Gen9 servers9697
ProLiant DL300 Gen9 series97
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server9697
RAID fault tolerance9495
Smart Array P44099100
Smart Array P840101102
SmartCache95
SSA95
QuickSpecs104105
RDMA over Converged Ethernet (RoCE)3436
Registered DIMM (RDIMM)20
Remote direct memory access (RDMA)3435
Remote support configuration
Insight Online direct connect389390
Insight Remote Support central connect389390
My Customers view394
My IT393394
OneView392
ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 servers390391
software products391393
Representational State Transfer (REST) application programming interface (API)
address scripting challenges291292
definition293
OneView329330
programming options293
standard architecture4647
Windows and Linux295
Windows PowerShell295, 296
RESTful Interface Tool294, 295
ROM-Based Setup Utility (RBSU) functionality276, 278

S
SalesBuilder for Windows (SBW)238239
Secure Encryption5859
Server Buying Guide240241
Service level agreements (SLAs)
application analysis218
designing226227
Service Pack for ProLiant (SPP)317
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)170, 352, 381, 390
Simplified Configuration Environment (SCE)241242
Small and midsize businesses (SMBs)178179
Smart Array controllers
Dynamic Smart Array B140i98
FBWC module95
FlexFabric 556 adapters102104
FlexibleLOM Gen9 transition path102
H240ar Smart HBA9899
HDDs and SSDs95
letters and numbers95
ProLiant DL360 and DL380 Gen9 servers9697
ProLiant DL300 Gen9 series97
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server9697
RAID fault tolerance9495
Smart Array P44099100
Smart Array P840101102
SmartCache95
SSA95
Smart Storage Administrator (SSA)3031, 95
actions page312
Array Details screen315316
benefits310
Configure screen312313
Diagnostics screen313315
features and functions310
home page311
logical drive316317
HP Smart Update Manager (HP SUM)
benefits50, 195
centralized deployment and management196197
Cloud OS199200
components317
definition317
features50, 318319
iLO Federation319320
Insight Cluster Management Utility197198
Overview screen195
provisioning and control198199
SPP and firmware bundles317, 318
Smart Update solution
HP SUM4950
system management and maintenance4849
technology49
Software-defined data center (SDDC)5354, 234
Software RAID2526
SSD Smart Path3234
Storage area network (SAN)246247
Storage blades141143
System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) and System Center Virtual Machine Manager
(SCVMM)374375

T
Tests for practice
answers for practice exams
Apollo f8000 Rack428
Apollo system428
bare-metal Moonshot server429
BIOS configuration430
BladeSystem c3000 and c7000 enclosures427
BladeSystem network traffic427
BladeSystem servers427
BladeSystem storage428
DIMMs-per-channel configurations424
Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller426
HP approaches424
HPC customers428
HP design principles424
Insight Control server provisioning430
Insight Remote support430
I/O performance and application CPU efficiency425
iSCSI SAN428
LRDIMMs and RDIMMs425
Moonshot429
NVGRE and VXLAN425
operating systems429
ping sweeps430
PRAM424
ProLiant BL460c Gen9 servers424
ProLiant DL380e Gen8 server426
ProLiant DL Gen9 servers425
ProLiant DL servers425426
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 vs. Gen8 servers426
ProLiant SL6500 series server428
QuickSpecs427
RAID 60 configuration426
resource utilization rates429
SLAs429
Smart Array controllers426
Tier 1 service provider429
UEFI430
Virtual Connect427
virtualization platform429
VM oversubscription430
ASE Architecting Server Solutions v2 certification
candidate profile411412
exam details412
qualifications411
HP0-S42 objectives
BladeSystem solutions413
density-optimized solutions413
deployment414
HP server technologies413
Moonshot solutions414
OneView and Insight Control server provisioning414
on-premise management tools414
planning and designing414
rack and tower server solutions413
server environment414
questions for practice exams
Apollo f8000 Rack420421
Apollo system420
bare-metal Moonshot server421
BIOS configuration423
BladeSystem c3000 and c7000 enclosures418
BladeSystem network traffic419
BladeSystem servers418419
BladeSystem storage419
DIMMs-per-channel configurations415416
Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller417
HP approaches415
HPC customers420
HP design principles415
Insight Control server provisioning423
Insight Remote Support423
I/O performance and application CPU efficiency416
iSCSI SAN420
LRDIMMs and RDIMMs416
Moonshot421
NVGRE and VXLAN417
operating systems421
ping sweeps423
PRAM415
ProLiant BL460c Gen9 servers416
ProLiant DL380e Gen8 server417418
ProLiant DL Gen9 servers416
ProLiant DL servers417
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 vs. Gen8 servers418
ProLiant SL6500 series server420
QuickSpecs418
RAID 60 configuration418
resource utilization rates422
SLAs422
Smart Array controllers417
Tier 1 service provider421
UEFI422
Virtual Connect419
virtualization platform422
VM oversubscription422
Thermal management5960
Tower servers
ML server
ProLiant DL use case9394
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 Server92
transition path91
positions8485
ProLiant Gen9 server
Dynamic Smart Array B140i98
FBWC module95
FlexFabric 556 adapters102104
FlexibleLOM Gen9 transition path102
H240ar Smart HBA9899
HDDs and SSDs95
letters and numbers95
ProLiant DL360 and DL380 Gen9 servers9697
ProLiant DL300 Gen9 series97
ProLiant ML350 Gen9 server9697
RAID fault tolerance9495
Smart Array P44099100
Smart Array P840101102
SmartCache95
SSA95
QuickSpecs104105

U
Ultrium tape blades143144
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
benefits45
BIOS/Platform Configuration
advanced options283
boot options281
embedded UEFI shell281282
firmware interface276
PCI device enable/disable283
performance options282
power management282
serial console and EMS283
server asset information283
server availability283
server security282283
system options279281
definition275
Device Health Status288289
embedded applications286287
embedded UEFI shell289291
iLO 4 Configuration Utility284285
One-Time Boot menu285286
on-system management
benefits45
operating system4446
REST API4647
system firmware44
operating system4446
pre-boot applications276
rack servers86, 87, 89, 91
RBSU functionality276
REST API4647
system configuration278279
system firmware44
system information287288
system utilities
access277
configuration activities276277
functions277278
Uninterruptable power supplies (UPSs)68
Unison Partner Portal
Proposal Web239
SBW238
Smart Product catalog239

V
Very secure FTP daemon (VSFTPD)208210
Virtual Connect
active optical cables125126
benefits116
BladeSystem management331
cloud-ready environment115
components120
dual-hop FCoE support124125
Ethernet blade switches127128
FCoE117
Fibre Channel module126127
Fibre Channel switches128
Flex Adapter hardware3738
Flex-10/10D module121122
FlexFabric-20/40 F8 module123
FlexFabric 10Gb/24-port module122123
HCA mezzanine cards129
InfiniBand switches128
IRF domain119
network traffic optimization118
OneView appliance332
pass-thru modules128129
SAS switches128
vs. switch interconnect117118
Virtual Connect Enterprise Manager (VCEM)363
Virtual Connect Manager (VCM)363
Virtual machines (VMs) design
goals229230
I/O per VM232233
licensing cost233
memory per VM231232
processing capacity per VM231

W
Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)374, 390