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PEKA Physics Form 4 CHAPTER 4: Heat

TITLE :Experiment 4.1 : SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY OF LIQUID AND SOLID


INSTRUMENT :NON SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION EXPERIMENT REPORT

INSTRUCTION:
1. Carry out the experiment in the lab to collect and record the data then interpret the data
and make a conclusion.
2. Write a task report

AIM : 1. To determine the specific heat of water


2. To determine the specific heat of aluminium

woolen cloth

Woolen
cloth

8. Record the power of heater, P and determine the energy supplied by


heater, Q
[ Q(J) = P(W) x t(s) ]
9. Calculate the specific heat capacity of water.

Woolen
cloth

8. Record the power of heater, P and determine the energy


supplied by heater,Q
[ Q(J) = P(W) x t(s) ]
9. Calculate the specific heat capacity of aluminium.

DISCUSSION:

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PEKA Physics Form 4 CHAPTER 4: Heat

1. In both experiments, explain why woolen cloth was used to wrap the
apparatus.
2. In the case of aluminium block, explain why the gaps between immersion
heater and thermometer are filled with oil.
3. In both case, why did the temperature continue to rise after the power
supply has been switched off?.
4. Explain why the values of specific heat capacity of water and aluminium
from the experiment are higher than the actual values.

Task Report Format:

1. Date
2. Title
3. Aim of the experiment.
4. Apparatus and Materials
5. Arrangement of the apparatus . (Diagram and label).
6. The procedure of the experiment.
7. Result
8. Conclusion
9. Precaution

SKEMA : Experiment 4.1: SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY OF LIQUID AND SOLID

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PEKA Physics Form 4 CHAPTER 4: Heat

I Aim : 1. To determine the specific heat of water


CI PI 1 Apparatus and Materials:
(PART 2)

woolen cloth

CI PI 2 Arrangement of apparatus :
(PART 2)

woolen cloth

CI PI 3 The procedure of the experiment.


(PART 2)

Tabulation of data:
CI PI 4 Mass of the empty beaker, Initial temperature of water,
(PART 2) m1 / kg 0 / C
CIII PI 1 Mass of the beaker filled Final temperature of water,
CIII PI 2 with water, m2 / kg 1 / C
CIII PI 3 Mass of water in the
Increase in temperature,
beaker,
=( 1 - 0) / C
m = (m1 - m2 )/ kg

CIV PI 1 Power of heater, P = 36 W


CIV PI 2 Energy supplied by the heater, Q = Pt = 36 x 5 x 60 = 10800 J
Specific heat capacity of water, c = Q /m

= = ...........................J
kg-1 C-1

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PEKA Physics Form 4 CHAPTER 4: Heat

II Aim : 2. To determine the specific heat of aluminium


CI PI 2 Arrangement of apparatus :
(PART 2)

woolen cloth

CI PI 3 The procedure of the experiment.


(PART 2)

Tabulation of data:

CI PI 4 Mass of aluminium block, m / kg


(PART 2)
CIII PI 1 Initial temperature of water, 0 / C
CIII PI 2
CIII PI 3 Final temperature of water, 1 / C

Increase in temperature, =( 1 - 0) / C

CIV PI 1 Power of heater, P = 36 W


CIV PI 2 Energy supplied by the heater, Q = Pt = 36 x 5 x 60 = 10800 J
Specific heat capacity of aluminium, c = Q /m

= = ...........................J
kg-1 C-1

Discussion :
CIV P 3 1. To reduce the loss of heat to the surroundings.
2. Oil is a better heat conductor than air, thus the heat transfer between the
heater and the aluminium block and between aluminium block and the
thermometer is more efficient.
3. Thermal equuilibrium has not been reached yet, hence, there is still a net flow
of heat from the heater in both cases.
4. Because of the heat loss to the surroundings during the experiment.

CIV P 4 Precaution:
To reduce heat loss, the experiments were carried out in still air, away from the fan or
the fan is not moving.

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