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Character Stroke Order Basic Rules

Writing characters in the correct stroke order can greatly facilitate learning and memorization.
Correct stroke order is also vital to produce visually appealing characters. There are minor stroke
order discrepancies between simplified and traditional Chinese characters. In this system, the stroke
orders for simplified Chinese characters are strictly based on
(Modern Chinese Commonly Used Character Stroke Order Standard) published by
(China National Language And Character Working Committee and
General Administration of Press and Publication of the Peoples' Republic of China) in 1997. For
traditional Chinese characters, which is used in Taiwan and Hong Kong, Arch Chinese follows the
standard issued by Taiwan Ministry of Education.

Traditionally, Chinese is written in vertical columns from top to bottom; the text runs from the right
toward the left of the page. Modern Chinese uses the familiar western layout of horizontal rows
from left to right, read from the top of the page to the bottom. To facilitate the horizontal writing,
the stroke order of some characters were changed. That is one of the reasons there are minor
differences between the two standards. However, both standards were devised to help speed,
fluidity, and accuracy in composition. The basic rules of stroke order remain the same.

For detailed stroke orders for every Chinese character, you can view the character animations
on the character animator page. To acquire a natural feel for the proper stroke order, you have to
practice them on the paper. You can use the generated handwriting worksheets to help you write
them correctly and beautifully.

1. From top to bottom ()

As an example, the character (two), which has two strokes, is written with the top stroke first
and then the lower stroke. This rule applies also to other characters with Above to Below structure,
such as , the top component is written before the lower component . Click the following
characters to see more animated character examples: , , , , , , , etc.

2. From left to right ()

Among the first characters usually learned is the number one . This character has one stroke
which is written from left to right. Again, this rule applies to all the characters with Left to Right
structure such as (leaf), the left component (mouth), which is a radical, is written first and
then the right component (ten). You can view more examples: , , , , , , , etc.

3. Horizontal before vertical ()


When strokes cross, horizontal strokes are usually written before vertical strokes. As an example,
the character (ten) has two strokes. The horizontal stroke is written first, followed by the
vertical stroke. The following are more examples: , , , , , , , etc

4. Diagonals right-to-left before diagonals left-to-right ( )

As in (person), right-to-left diagonals () are written before left-to-right diagonals (). Same
rule applies to: , , , , , , , etc.

5. Outside before inside ()

Outside enclosing strokes are written before inside strokes, for examples , , , , etc. This
rule applies to the characters with Surround from Upper Left structure (), such
as , , , , or Surround from Upper Right structure (), such as , , , ,
orSurround from Above structure (), such as , , , .

6. Inside before outside ()

This rule applies to the characters with Surround from Below structure (), such
as , , , or characters with Surround from Lower Left structure (), such
as , , etc.

7. Inside before bottom enclosing ()

If there is a bottom stroke, the bottom stroke is written last. For an example, for the character ,
the outside enclosing strokes are written first, followed by the inside component and then the
bottom horizontal stroke. The same pattern you can find in , , , , etc.

8. Center verticals before outside "wings"( )

For the character , the center comes first before the two dots. Same rule applies to
character , , , , etc.

9. Cutting strokes last ( )

Vertical strokes that "cut" through a character are written after the horizontal strokes they cut
through, as in , , .

10. Left vertical before enclosing ( )


Left vertical strokes are written before enclosing strokes. In the following two examples, the
leftmost vertical stroke () is written first, followed by the uppermost and rightmost lines ()
(which are written as one stroke): and . This rule applies to most of the characters with Full
Surround structure, such as , , , , etc.

11. Top or upper-left dots first ( )

For examples, in character , , , , , the dots are written before any other strokes.

12. Inside or upper-right dots last ( )

For examples, in character , , , etc, the dots are written last.