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Comparative Study about Business Characteristics among selected Laundry Shop in

Camella Homes, Springville, Molino III, Bacoor City.

Jimenez, Mark Aljon G.

Ritual, Francis Joseph P.

Tigson, Kristine Kaye M.

Vargas, Shen Shan Michael L.

Zulueta, Jr., Rodolfo M.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The researchers would like to thank the following who helped and supported us in

making this study possible.

To laundry business owners, for participating and giving information needed by the

researchers;

To Guardians of the students, for inspiring, giving financial and moral support, our

motivator;

To Mrs. Greziel Baylosis, for giving time and support as well as sharing her expertise in

research;

To Ms. Katherine Santos, our beloved research instructor for teaching the researchers on

how to conduct a research study;

To all BSBM 3-1, for giving advices, comments to make this research more

knowledgeable.

To all members of this group, for exerting time and effort to make this research simply

done and make possible.

To Almighty GOD, for giving strength, knowledge, wisdom and perseverance needed to

finish this research.


ABSTRACT

This study conducted to determine the comparative study on the services provided among

selected laundry shop in Camella Homes Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor, Cavite.

Specifically, this study will be designed to describe the business characteristics of the selected

laundry shop; to identify the most preferred services by the customer and to know problems

encountered by the selected laundry shops.

The respondents of the study are three (3) members of the management team per selected

laundry shop on Camella Springville that are registered in the City Hall of Bacoor, Cavite and

still operated. The researchers will be using the purposive sampling technique to get the target

sample.

The researchers selected eight (8) laundry shops with different background of success on

their own ways and strategies. Having the business control on our daily lives nowadays shifting

from strictly functional to multipurpose which allow the researcher to have a browse on the

existing changes with the customer society. And with that note it captures the attention of the

researchers to have a further comparative study which will enable to differentiate each of the

selected laundry shops.

This study will apply quantitative method. Through the use of survey questionnaire, the

comparative study will be acquired. This study will use also the analysis and interpretation of

gathered data such as Sloven Formula and Weighed Mean.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA.i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT....... ii

ABSTRACT. iii

LIST OF TABLE...... v

LIST OF FIGURES. 1

LIST OF APPENDIX TABLES

LIST OF APPENDIX FIGURES

LIST OF APPENDICES

INTRODUCTION

Statement of the Problem

Objective of the Study

Significance of the Study

Time and Place of the study

Scope and Limitations of the study

Definition of Terms

Participants of the study


REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

METHODOLOGY

Research Design

Hypothesis

Source of Data

Conceptual Framework of the Study

Sampling Technique

Data Gathering Procedure

Statistical Treatment of Data

RESULT AND DISCUSSION

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendations

REFERENCES

APPENDICES
BIOGRAPHICAL DATA

The first author named Mark Aljon G. Jimenez was born on October 8, 1997 in Molino I

Bacoor, Cavite. He is the eldest son of Mr. Cenen M. Jimenez and Mrs. Leilanie G. Jimenez.

He finished his elementary education at Bayanan Elementary School in 2010 and he

finished his high school at Bacoor National High School (Main) at 2014, respectively.

In the year 2014, he enrolled in Cavite State University and its currently pursuing the

degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Management Major in Marketing.

The second author named Francis Joseph Ritual was born on September 25, 1997 in

Talon 4 Las Pias, City. He is the eldest son of Mr. Rex A. Ritual and Mrs. Maria P. Ritual

He finished his elementary education at Talon Elementary School in 2010 and he finished

his high school at Las Pias East National High School Equitable Village Annex B at 2014,

respectively

In the year 2014, he enrolled in Cavite State University and its currently pursuing the

degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Management Major in Marketing.

The third author n amed Kristine Kaye M. Tigson was born on September 8, 1994 in

Talon Las Pias, City. She is eldest daughter of Mrs. Sonia Flores Mangohom Tigson and Mr.

Nolly Ibaez Tigson.

She finished her elementary education at St. Aloysius Academy of Dasmarias in 2007

and she finished her high school at St. Aloysius Academy of Dasmarias at 2011, respectively.
In the year 2014, she enrolled in Cavite State University and its currently pursuing the

degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Management Major in Marketing.

The fourth author named Shen Shan Michael L. Vargas was born on July 26, 1997 in

Bacoor, City. He is the eldest son of Mr. Juluis A. Vargas and Mrs. Mary Ann L. Vargas

He finished his elementary education at Gawaran Elementary School in 2010 and he

finished his high school at Bacoor National High School Gawaran Annex at 2014, respectively.

In the year 2014, he enrolled in Cavite State University and its currently pursuing the

degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Management Major in Marketing.

The fifth author named Rodolfo M. Zulueta Jr. was born on August 31, 1994 in Jose

Panganiban Provincial Hospital. He is the fourth son of Mr. Rodolfo C. Zulueta Sr. and Mrs.

Francia M. Zulueta.

He finished his elementary education at Jose Panganiban Elementary School in 2006

2007 and he finished his high school at Jose Panganiban National High School at 2011 2012,

respectively.

In the year 2014, he enrolled in Cavite State University and its currently pursuing the

degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Management Major in Marketing.


Introduction:

Laundry shops are usually located in rural and urban areas. The laundry shop

business, if in a good location and well run, is likely to be very profitable. Still, there are many

blunders that someone new to his business can commit. Learn all you can about this business

before risking your hard earned capital. It has proven itself to be more than just fad. This kind of

business establishments have sprouted in different areas and it seems that many of them are

prospering, shortage of laundry women and our busy lifestyles.

Nowadays, there is abundant number of people are using the services of a laundry shop to

clean their clothes. With these changes, laundry shop is now one of the most stable business

middle class can afford to put up. The steady growth of condominiums and apartments in the

city, coupled with the ever-increasing busy time of people, has made Laundromats a stable

business to own. Laundry business is one of the popular home service in urban and rural areas.

This business is built with a purpose, to help our parents, guardians, and/or oldest member of the

family as well as those who wash their clothes individually. People with other responsibilities

prefer to use the service of laundry shops to save time and effort.

As the time goes by laundry shops starts creating standardized buildings and

establishments to provide more service to their beloved customers. Every business wants to

maintain their customers satisfaction and loyalty by valuing them and giving quality service.

Every laundry shop portrays the message of their business through logos and slogans to attract
new prospects customers and to easily identify their business. Some of the laundry shops are

placed near the national road or in highway to easily locate by old and new customers which

gives convenience to them.

Boss Rainbow Laundry shop, Yans Laundry Shop, D'Garcia, J.SY, Central Park, Camella,

Kosh-Kosh Ayosh, Bz Pep Laundrenette were specifically selected because it was known as part

of the leading independent business establishments in Camella Springville, Molino lll, Bacoor

City.

Statement of the Problem

The main purpose of the study is to compare the service provided among selected laundry

shop in Camella Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor.

Specially, it aimed to find the answers to the following questions:

1. What is the business characteristic of the selected laundry shop in terms of:

1.1 forms of organization

1.2 no. of employees

1.3 initial principal

1.4 monthly incomes;

1.5 operating hours

2. What are the services rendered by the business in terms of:


2.1 Wash, dry, fold

2.2 Home service laundry

2.3 Pick-up and delivery

2.4 Wash, dry, press

2.5 Dry cleaning

2.6 Self service

3. What are the problems encountered by the selected laundry shops?

3.1 Water interruption

3.2 Power Supply

3.3 Costly

3.4 Lack of Manpower

3.5 Calamities

3.6 Dishonest employee

3.7 Delayed deliveries of Laundry supplies (such as, Detergent Powder, Bleach, Fabric

conditioners, etc.)

3.8 Laundromats Malfunction

3.9 Leakage of Water

3.10 Improper Invoicing


4. Is there a significant difference between the services provided to the selected laundry shops?

Objective of the study

This study will be conducted to describe the comparative study on the services provided

among selected laundry shops.

Specifically, the study was conducted to:

1. Describe the business characteristics on selected laundry shops.

2. Identify the service rendered by the business.

3. Identify the problems encountered by the selected laundry shops.

4. To find out the significant difference between the selected laundry shops.

Importance of the study

This study of comparative business characteristics among selected laundry shops a.ong

Camella Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor gives benefits to the following people:

Consumer. For them to be aware on the services rendered by the laundry shops.

Future Researcher. It may serve as a future reference for those who are willing to

conduct related study.


Marketing People. Help them in developing better marketing strategy and plans that can

be conducted by companies offering same business.

Laundry Shops. It may serve as a basis for their prospect customers.

Employees. For them to know what are the characteristics of the business that they are

involve.

Time and Place of the study

The study will be conducted along Camella Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor

through the use of survey questionnaires. The study will cover the month of April 2017.

Scope and Limitation of the Study

The researcher will be conducting a study about the Comparative study about Business

Characteristics among selected Laundry shops along Camella Springville, Molino III, City of

Bacoor. The procedures that the researchers will be performing are based on distribution of

questionnaires.

The data of the study will be base on the eight (8) selected Laundry shops along Camella

Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor.

This study will be limited to Yans, Boss Rainbow, Bz pep launderette, D. Garcia, J.Sy,

Central Park, Camella, and Kosh-kosh ayosh laundry shops. These studies, likewise, will identify
the business characteristics of Laundry shops and will also describe most rendered services by

the customer and the problems encountered by the selected Laundry shops.

Definition of terms

Blunders to move unsteadily or confusedly. To make a mistake through stupidity, ignorance, or

carelessness.

Laundromats use for a self service laundry

Sprouted To grow or develop, to appear suddenly and in large numbers.

Fad A practice or interest followed for a time with exaggerated zeal.

Profitable Affording profits yielding advantageous returns or results.

Conceptual Framework of the Study

This conceptual show how the services provided helps a lot of those laundry shops in

promoting their service, forms of organizations, no. of employees, initial capital, monthly income

and operating hours. Through survey questionnaire which are the process, questions of

researcher will be answers and at the same time will be observe ideas on the needs of the

customer which are not yet served and feedbacks that not has been discuss that will come up

with the output which is the Comparative study about Business Characteristics among

selectedLaundry Shop in Camella Homes, Springville, Molino III, Bacoor City.


.

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

Different
characteristics of COMPARATIVE
selected laundry shop STUDY ON THE
business in terms of: Through SELECTED
1.Initial Capital LAUNDRY SHOP IN
Survey
CAMELLA
2. Forms of Questionnaire SPRINGVILLE,
organization
MOLINO III, CITY
3. Monthly Income OF BACOOR
4. Operating Hours

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter represents the related literature and studies that would provide the

background and analysis of the findings of the present investigation. These were taken from

internet with local and global authors. It helped the researcher to a clear background of the study.
The Quantum Theory of Laundry

Reardon (2000) it has been argued that the act of doing laundry followed the discovery of

clothing by only a few weeks. While this fact has been regarded to be fantastically trivial, one

cannot ignore the enigmas that the act of doing laundry has created, especially true in the age of

high speed washers and dryers. In the early days, the disappearance of articles of clothing could

simply be accounted for by saying that the sock was lost in the river. Unfortunately, such excuses

can no longer be used today. The availability of high speed automated washers and dryers have

provided a number of fundamental questions cannot be answered using the classical laundry

theory. As a result, it only deals with the simplest example in which a sock is analyzed in either a

washer or dryer. The mathematics involved in the analysis of a sock in both washer and dryer

and in transition between the two is left for more advanced laundry courses.

Lavandera: The new phase of laundry shop solutions.

Third Row, a business solutions company, has launched its pilot product offering and

introduces the Lavandera Web app through website. A Philippine registered business entity, Third

Row capitalizes on modern technology to develop business solutions. Its aim is to put in place

systems that streamline the otherwise un-methodical and oftentimes un-secure processes that

business owners and consumers alike have been used to.


Lavandera is a Web app exclusively designed for laundry shops and laundry shops

owners, and all who avail themselves of laundry services singles, couples, families, and

businesses (hotels, dormitories, hospitals, salons, catering, etc.). Lavandera.ph provides a

basketful of features for laundry shop patrons, whose favored laundry shop whether a

community or dormitory laundry shop, hotel Laundromat, dormitory clothes cleaner is signed

up with the Lavandera system. The laundry shop owners or operators, on the other hand, are

provided with tools that allow for methodical day-to-day operations of the shop.

For customers, Lavandera intuitively suggests all the nearest laundry shops in and around

the site visitors are via geographic tagging. Lavanderas backbone is a listing of laundry shops all

over the Philippines, addresses and contacts detailed included. The search function comes in

handy if and when a particular laundry shops is being looked for. With a quick zoom-in or out of

the ma;, laundry shops right at your building, on your street corner, in the next block or in the

whole city show up. Users would know if their current laundry services provider is subscribed to

Lavandera.ph when its icon on the map is red. Clicking on that icon will have the visitor seeing

the shop details.

Threats and opportunities in the laundry industry

The combined management expertise and attractiveness of Suds Laundry franchise can

be cited for its success. The business now has 23 locations, all franchised stores except for two,

which Angs family owns. Franchisees are given 6-year franchise contracts (renewable) and

continuous support (advisory, marketing, and management). Ang offers to take care of his

franchisees business risks, which usually stem from lack of business management exposure. He
trains each franchisee well before letting them manage their businesses on their own. His

assistance doesnt end there as he has a system for constantly monitoring performance of every

franchised store.

Ang couldnt help but remain optimistic about the prospects in the industry. He asserts,

There are more opportunities than threats for laundry businesses. First, the modern urban

lifestyle calls for the proliferation of more laundry shops. Many individuals and families now

reside in condominiums, which dont provide ample space for doing laundry. More people are

now more accustomed to paying for laundry services, he said.

The continuously rising tourism industry poses opportunities as well. As more hotel rooms get

occupied, the demand for laundry services increases. The domino effect of a more active tourism

sector extends to industrial and commercial establishments, which are also requiring laundry

services. Of course, the drastic changes in our weather pattern can be a positive factor for the

laundry industry. Because of the unpredictability of weather, many households prefer not to do

their laundry especially on cloudy and rainy days, when the sun is not out for hang drying.

Things to consider before opening a laundry shop business

It may be considered a dirty job by most, but the laundry shop business is a thriving

industry in highly urbanized cities such as Metro Manila, Cebu, and Davao. The growing number

of Filipinos opting to live in mid-rise and high-rise condominiums, owing to the lack of space

where to hang and dry clothes has spurred the growth of the laundry business in the Philippines.

Washing the dirty linens may not be a bad thing after all as every whirl of the washing machine
and every steam released by the dryer generates ka-ching for you. Entrepreneur Philippines had

a one-on-one interview with Monina Atienza-Santos about the ins and outs of setting up a

laundry shop business. Starting nearly 10 years ago, MR. Laundry Shop was born in Quezon

City with an initial investment of only P100,000 that was used to lease a space, hire staff, buy

two washing and drying machines, and other products needed for the business like detergents,

signage, and plastic wraps.

Starting a laundry business

One of the most tedious chores at home is washing mountains of clothes which is why

most people look for laundry services that can do the task for them. And because having clean

clothes is one of the basic needs of a person, it is no surprise that a lot of laundry shops are

popping up, especially when you find out how easy it is to set one up.

There are two key things in starting your own laundry business. First you need to find a

good location to set-up. If youre lucky to be living with an apartment complex or condominium

nearby, then you wont have a problem. More often than not, the tenants living there wont have

a space for their own washing machine so they will definitely need a laundry service. Another

great thing about setting up a laundry business is that you wont even need such a big space to set

it up since the most important equipment you will need is a washing machine.

METHODOLOGY
Research Design

The study contains quantitative method, it s characterized as a survey approach, it aims to

study the Comparative study on the services provided among selected Laundry shops in

Camella Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor. This design involved gathering of qualitative

and quantitative data that shall get necessary information in the progress of the study.

Hypothesis

H0: There no significant difference between the services provided to selected Laundry

shops.

Source of Data

Primary data are obtained from the respondents by the used of survey questionnaire

through survey approach. Other data are gathered by the researcher from the internet and library

sources.

Participants of the Study

The respondents are the Laundry shop owner or the employees of selected Laundry

Shops that are giving service along Camella Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor. A total of 8

respondents were selected through purposive sampling. The respondents of the study were

selected from the Laundry shops in Camella Springville which is the Yans, Boss Rainbow, Bz
pep launderette, D. Garcia, J.Sy, Central Park, Camella, and Kosh-kosh ayosh laundry shops.

(Table 1)

Table 1. Distribution of Laundry shops located in the Camella Springville, Molino III, City of

Bacoor.

CAMELLA SPRINGVILLE FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


Camella East 0 0

Camella West 2 25

Camella South 2 25

Camella North 4 50

TOTAL n=8 100

Sampling Technique

A total of 8 respondents were selected through purposive sampling. The respondents of

the study were selected from the Laundry shops such as Yans, Boss Rainbow, Bz pep launderette,

D. Garcia, J.Sy, Central Park, Camella, and Kosh-kosh ayosh registered in the City Hall of

Bacoor City

Data Gathering Procedure

The researcher will be preparing a request letter (for the selected Laundry Shops in

Camella Springville to supplement the data needed to study. The letter will sent to the owner of
the Laundry shop which are: Yans, Boss Rainbow, Bz pep launderette, D. Garcia, J.Sy, Central

Park, Camella, and Kosh-kosh ayosh laundry shops.

Statistical Treatment of Data

The researcher will be using descriptive method and the following statistical tools such as

percentage. Percentage, Weighted mean and Sloven formula was used to assess relevant

information to serve the purpose of the study.

Percentage. This will be used to set a percentage of the business characteristics of the

respondents such as forms of organizations; employee; initial capital; monthly income and

operating hours.

f
P= x 100
Formula: n

Where:

P = percentage

f = frequency

n = total number of respondents

2. Weighted Mean. This will be used to determine the difference among the services

provided of the selected Laundry shops; and problem encountered by the business establishment.
Formula:

W .M =
wx
x

Where:

W.M = mean

X = frequency

W = weight

n = total number of respondents

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Table 2. Business Characteristics of the selected Laundry shops in Camella Springville, Molino

III, City of Bacoor, 2017

CHARACTERISTICS FREQUENCY(f) PERCENTAGE


Forms of Organization
Sole proprietorship 8 100%
Partnership 0 0
Corporation 0 0
Initial Capital
50,000 and below 1
50,000 100,000 1
100,001 150,000 1
150,001 200,000 1
200,001 250,000 3
more than 250,000 1
Monthly Income ( in peso)
20,001 30,000 1
30,001 40,000 3
40,000 50,000 3
50,000 more than 1
Operating Hours
6 hours 0
8 hours 2
12 hours 6
24 hours 0
Number of employees
13 3
36 4
68 1
more than 10 0

Business Characteristics of the Respondents

Table 2 illustrated the summary table of the business characteristics of the

samples include forms of organization, number of employees, monthly income, capital, and their

operating hours Laundry shops. The respondents have a number of eight (8).

Table 3.Preferred services by the laundry shop to the customers in the selected Laundry shops in

Camella Springville, Molino III, City of Bacoor, 2017


SERVICES FREQUENCY (f) PERCENTAGE
Wash, Dry, Fold 8

Wash Dry, Press 3

Home Service Laundry 4

Pick-up and Delivery 0

Dry Cleaning 6

Self Service 2

TOTAL n=23

Preferred Services of the selected Laundry shops

Table 3 illustrated the summary table of the preferred services of the samples including

Wash, Dry, Fold, Wash, Dry, Press, Home Service Laundry, Pick-up and Delivery, Dry Cleaning,

and Self-Service of Laundry shops. The respondents have a number of eight (8)

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

Summary

The study was conducted among selected laundry shops in Camella Homes Springville,

Molino III, in almost one week to determine the Business Characteristics of the said business, the
study aimed to: 1, Determine the Business Characteristics; 2. To identify the most services

rendered by the selected Laundry business; 3. To determine the problems encountered of

selected laundry business; 4. To identify if there is a significant difference between the services

rendered among selected laundry shops.

The number of selected Laundry shops in Camella Homes Springville was determined by

requesting the list of registered laundry shops in that area through the help of Homeowners

Association in Camella Homes Springville, and office of Barangay Molino III. Personal

communication, interviews, and field survey through provided questionnaires were done to

describe/identify the business characteristics of Laundry Shops. The identification of forms of

organization, number of employees, initial capital, monthly income, operating hours, services

rendered, and problems that encountered were determined by an actual survey cluster sampling

of eight (8) Laundry Shop station with the total of eight (8) participants. About 8 of the survey

data that was used were from the participant through personal communication among the laundry

shop owners in Camella Springville. The result were Causal Comparative of the Business

Characteristics among selected Laundry Shops.

The study conducted revealed the following:

1. All of the Laundry Shops in Camella Homes Springvile Office (BPLO). This implies that

majority of Laundry Shop Stations are also complying with the sanitary permit, zoning

permit, fire department permit, and other permit which are basic requirements in applying

for a business permit.


2. Majority of Laundry Shops in Camella Homes Springville are sole proprietorship based

on conducted survey.
3. Six of the Laundry Shops operating twelve (12) hours a day and the remaining two

Laundry Shops operating eight (8) hours a day.


4. Majority of the Laundry Shops rendered wash, dry, fold. Yans Laundry, Boss Rainbow,

and Camella Laundry rendered wash, dry and press, dry cleaning rendered of six Laundry

Shop except Kosh-KoshAyos and Bz PEP which are rendered self-service. Yans, Jsy, and

Camella Laundry rendered pick-up and delivery service. The monthly income of Laundry

Business are ranging from Php 20,000.00 to Php 100,000.00


5. The initial principal of Laundry Business are ranging from Php 50,000.00 to Php

1,000,000.00 because it depends to the Laundromats that was used and their

establishments.
6. Policies and Regulations concerning Laundry Business at the national level still needs to

be strengthened to be used as a basis in implementing a city/municipalities-based

ordinance and regulations.

Conclusion

Quantitative method was used to this research because it talks about the number of

laundry and the number of population of laundry shops in Camella Springville, Molino 3, Bacoor

Cavite. Majority of the respondents are the person who owned the business. It also shown that a

high amount of the respondents earn more than Php 100,000.00 because most of them are in the

laundry business for the long time. A total of respondents in a different laundry shop in Camella
Springville, Molino 3 Bacoor, Cavite City. Quality of service is one of the main focus of laundry

business like; wash, dry and fold; wash dry and press and self service.

Based on the result of the study the following conclusions were made:

1. An accurate record of the total number of laundry shop business in Camella Homes Springville

are available. It was revealed that the number of licensed laundry business in the said are ten

(10), but two (2) of them are not operate for a long time, because of unknown reasons.

2. Most of Laundry shops in Camella Homes Springville offered almost the same variety of

services.

3. Majority of the Laundry Shops rendered wash, dry, fold. Yans Laundry, Boss Rainbow, and

Camella Laundry rendered wash, dry and press, dry cleaning rendered of six Laundry Shop

except Kosh-KoshAyos and Bz PEP which are rendered self-service. Yans, Jsy, and Camella

Laundry rendered pick-up and delivery service. The monthly income of Laundry Business are

ranging from Php 20,000.00 to Php 100,000.00

4. Policies and Regulations concerning Laundry Business at the national level still needs

to be strengthened to be used as a basis in implementing a city/municipalities-based

ordinance and regulations.


5. All of the Laundry Shops in Camella Homes Springvile Office (BPLO). This implies

that majority of Laundry Shop Stations are also complying with the sanitary permit,

zoning permit, fire department permit, and other permit which are basic requirements in

applying for a business permit.


Recommendation

According to the data that the researcher gathered about the characteristics of the

different laundry shops is that theres a certain difference like the variety of service they offer to

the customers, their monthly generating income, initial capital etc. but the bottom line is all of

them are made to wash clothes. Every laundry shops recommend the best treatment to retain their

clothes beautiful as it is. Laundry business is build to cater the customers needs as well as

helping them to lessen their work, we recommend that increasing the variety of service offered

can accommodate more customers and also greatly affect their generating income.

REFERENCE

Starting a Laundry Shop Business. www.businesscoachphil.com Unit 201 Richbelt Tower, 17


Annapolis St., Greenhills, San Juan City, Metro Manila Manila Bulletin. C-4, Sunday,
October 28, 2012. Written by Ruben Anlacan, Jr.

Https://fitzvillafuerte.com/tips-starting-laundry-shop-business-
philippines.html Published: February 27, 2017 Tips for Starting a Laundry
Shop Business in the Philippines Fitz reymundo

Lavandera: The new phase of laundry shop solutions. Philippine star May 13, 2013

www.lavandera.ph Joe Capistrano


http://ezinearticles.com/?Qualities-of-a-Good-Laundry-Service&id=3833504Nathan

Nwachukwu | Submitted On February 26, 2010 Qualities of a Good Laundry Service

The quantum theory of laundry. Brian J. Reardon 21 May 2005

http://hogranch.com/mayer/qtl.html