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A computer is a general purpose device which can be programmed to carry out a finite set of
arithmetic or logical operations. Since a sequence of operations can be readily changed, the
computer can solve more than one kind of problem. The essential point of a computer is to
implement an idea, the terms of which are satisfied by Alan Turing's Universal Turing machine.

Conventionally, a computer consists of at least one processing element and some form of
memory. The processing element carries out arithmetic and logic operations, and a sequencing
and control unit that can change the order of operations based on stored information. Peripheral
devices allow information to be retrieved from an external source, and the result of operations

A computer's processing unit executes a series of instructions that make it read, manipulate and
then store data. Conditional instructions change the sequence of instructions as a function of the
current state of the machine or its environment.

In order to interact with such a machine, programmers and engineers developed the concept of a
user interface in order to accept input from humans and return results for human consumption.

The first electronic digital computers were developed between 1940 and 1945 in the United
Kingdom and United States. Originally, they were the size of a large room, consuming as much
power as several hundred modern personal computers (PCs).[1] In this era mechanical analog
computers were used for military applications.

Modern computers based on integrated circuits are millions to billions of times more capable
than the early machines, and occupy a fraction of the space.[2] Simple computers are small
enough to fit into mobile devices, and mobile computers can be powered by small batteries.
Personal computers in their various forms are icons of the Information Age and are what most
people think of as "computers". However, the embedded computers found in many devices from
mp3 players to fighter aircraft and from toys to industrial robots are the most numerous.

A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone and a hand phone) is a device that
can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link whilst moving around a wide geographic
area. It does so by connecting to a cellular network provided by a mobile phone operator,
allowing access to the public telephone network. By contrast, a cordless telephone is used only
within the short range of a single, private base station.

In addition to telephony, modern mobile phones also support a wide variety of other services
such as text messaging, MMS, email, Internet access, short-range wireless communications
(infrared, Bluetooth), business applications, gaming and photography. Mobile phones that offer
these and more general computing capabilities are referred to as smartphones.

The first hand-held mobile phone was demonstrated by Dr Martin Cooper of Motorola in 1973,
using a handset weighing around 2.2 pounds (1 kg).[1] In 1983, the DynaTAC 8000x was the first
to be commercially available. From 1990 to 2011, worldwide mobile phone subscriptions grew
from 12.4 million to over 5.6 billion, penetrating the developing economies and reaching the
bottom of the economic pyramid.[2][3][4][5] Global penetration of the mobile phone was about 70%
as of 2011.[6]

A Mobile Phone


Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying, is the telephonic transmission of
scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a
printer or other output device. The original document is scanned with a fax machine (or a
telecopier), which processes the contents (text or images) as a single fixed graphic image,
converting it into a bitmap, and then transmitting it through the telephone system. The receiving
fax machine reconverts the coded image, printing a paper copy.[1] Before digital technology
became widespread, for many decades, the scanned data was transmitted as analog.
Although businesses usually maintain some kind of fax capability, the technology has faced
increasing competition from Internet-based alternatives. Fax machines still retain some
advantages, particularly in the transmission of sensitive material which, if sent over the Internet
unencrypted, may be vulnerable to interception, without the need for telephone tapping. In some
countries, because electronic signatures on contracts are not recognized by law while faxed
contracts with copies of signatures are, fax machines enjoy continuing support in business.[citation

In many corporate environments, standalone fax machines have been replaced by "fax servers"
and other computerized systems capable of receiving and storing incoming faxes electronically,
and then routing them to users on paper or via an email (which may be secured). Such systems
have the advantage of reducing costs by eliminating unnecessary printouts and reducing the
number of inbound analog phone lines needed by an office.

Fax Machine


An automated teller machine or automatic teller machine (ATM), also known as an

automated banking machine (ABM) in Canada, and a Cashpoint (which is a trademark of
Lloyds TSB), cash machine or sometimes a hole in the wall in British English, is a
computerized telecommunications device that provides the clients of a financial institution with
access to financial transactions in a public space without the need for a cashier, human clerk or
bank teller. ATMs are known by various other names including ATM machine, automated
banking machine, and various regional variants derived from trademarks on ATM systems held
by particular banks.

On most modern ATMs, the customer is identified by inserting a plastic ATM card with a
magnetic stripe or a plastic smart card with a chip, that contains a unique card number and some
security information such as an expiration date or CVVC (CVV). Authentication is provided by
the customer entering a personal identification number (PIN). The newest ATM at Royal Bank of
Scotland operates without a card to withdraw cash up to 100. The customers should registered
first their mobile phone number and bank will give a six-digit code to enter into ATM to
withdraw the cash.[1]

Using an ATM, customers can access their bank accounts in order to make cash withdrawals,
debit card cash advances, and check their account balances as well as purchase prepaid cellphone
credit. If the currency being withdrawn from the ATM is different from that which the bank
account is denominated in (e.g.: Withdrawing Japanese Yen from a bank account containing US
Dollars), the money will be converted at an official wholesale exchange rate. Thus, ATMs often
provide one of the best possible official exchange rates for foreign travellers, and are also widely
used for this purpose.[2]

Dispensing machine is a machine which dispenses items such as snacks,

beverages, alcohol, cigarettes, lottery tickets, consumer products and even gold
and gems to customers automatically, after the customer inserts currency or credit
into the machine.


Electronic Point of Sale (EPOS), system used in retailing in which a bar code on a product is
scanned at a cashiers station and the information is relayed to the store computer. The computer
relays back the price of the item to the cashiers station. The customer can then be given an
itemized receipt while the computer removes the item from stock figures.

EPOS allows for efficient computer stock control and reordering, as well as giving a wealth of
information about turnover, profitability on different lines, stock ratios, and other important
financial indicators.


A machine that tabulates the amount of sales transactions, makes a permanent and
cumulative record of them, and has a drawer in which cash can be kept.

an automated cash register


radio set - an electronic

receiver that detects and
demodulates and amplifies
transmitted signals


A television set (also

called a television, TV set,
or TV) is a device that
combines a tuner, display,
and speakers for the
purpose of viewing television. Television sets became a popular consumer product
after the Second World War, using vacuum tubes and cathode ray tube displays. The
addition of color to broadcast television after 1953 further increased the popularity
of television sets, and an outdoor antenna became a common feature of suburban
homes. The ubiquitous television set became the display device for the first
generation of home computers.
A Modern Television Sets


Types of Booting
Warm booting

Cold booting


One method of resetting a computer system that is already powered on, commonly
used to recover from errors that cannot be recovered, or when a computer locks. A
warm boot can be accomplished by pressing the CTRL - ALT - DEL keys
simultaneously, or by selecting the restart command from an operating system
menu. Warm boots run faster than turning a computer off and on again.


Alternatively referred to as a hard boot, a cold boot is a term used to describe the
process of turning on the computer after it has been powered off. For example,
when you first turn your computer on after being off for the night that is referred to
as cold booting the computer.


a. Icons (or graphical pictures): represent applications, files, and other
parts of the operating system. By default Windows XP provides you with one
desktop icon, the Recycle Bin. Learn more about the Recycle Bin in a later
b.Taskbar: primarily used to switch between open windows and applications.
Learn more about using the Taskbar in a later lesson.
c. Start button: one of the most important tools you will use while working
with Windows XP. The Start button allows you to open menus and start

Your desktop's appearance may vary from the example shown below, especially if
you bought a computer with XP preinstalled.

The Start Menu

To begin exploring Windows XP, click the Start button.

When you click the Start button, the Start menu appears. The Start menu is your gateway to
the applications that are on your computer. The left side of the Start menu lists programs, and
the right side allows access to common Windows folders (My Documents, for example). It also
provides access to Help and Support, Search, and Run.

If you select All Programs, a pop-up menu appears. Pop-up menus like this are called cascading
menus. If a cascading menu is available, a small black triangle appears next to the name of the
application or function.

In the example below, the Word program has been selected.

To explore the Start menu:

Click the Start button.

Move the mouse pointer to each option, and view the various cascading menus.

Click (or roll your mouse pointer over) All Programs.

Move the mouse pointer to the right and view other cascading menus.

To exit the menus, click outside the menu area or press Esc on your keyboard.

The Start menu remembers items you've recently opened and places the icon on the Start
menu so you can easily open it next time you open the Start menu. For example, if you recently
opened Microsoft Word using Start All Programs Microsoft Word, the next time you open
the Start menu, simply click the Word icon on the left side of the Start menu.

Understanding Icons
The small pictures on the desktop are called icons. One type of icon is an object icon. Examples
of object icons are My Computer, Recycle Bin, and Internet Explorer. These icons allow you to
open files and programs on your computer.

Shortcut icons allow you to open an application quickly. These icons appear on your desktop
and with little arrow in the left corner. Desktop shortcuts are links to files and programs. You can
add or delete shortcuts without affecting the programs on your computer. You'll learn about
creating shortcuts in a later lesson.

To open a program using an icon:

Place your mouse over the icon.

Text appears identifying its name or contents.

Then, double-click the icon.

Understanding the Taskbar

The taskbar is the small blue bar you see at the bottom of your desktop. It contains the Start
menu and the Quick Launch bar, which contains icons for Internet Explorer, Windows Media
Player, and Show Desktop. Click an icon to open a program. Click Show Desktop to quickly
view your desktop without closing any programs or windows.

The box on the right is called the Notification Area. Here, you'll find the clock and several other
icons depending on what you have installed on your computer. Other icons appear in the
Notification Area detailing the status of your activity. For example, when you're printing a
document, a printer icon appears. Microsoft also uses the Notification Area to remind you when
software updates are available for download.
When you open or minimize a window or program, a rectangular button appears on the taskbar
that shows the name of the application. These buttons disappear when you close a window. Learn
more about switching between windows in lesson 4.

Log off and Switch Users

More than one person may use your computer. For example, many family members may use the
same computer at home while several coworkers may be able to access your computer on a
computer network. Windows XP allows everyone who uses your computer to have separate
computer accounts. A computer accounts tracks each person's unique settings, documents, and
email accounts.

Windows XP even enables you to log off the computer so someone else can log on without
having to restart the computer.

To log off/switch users:

Click the Start menu and click Log Off.

A dialog box appears asking you if you want to Switch User or Log Off.

Switch User allows someone else to log on to the computer. If you choose to Switch
User, your applications will continue to run in the background while the new user logs

If you choose Log Off, your applications will close.

In any case, you're taken to a Windows XP logon screen where you're prompted to enter
your username and password.

Turn Off and Restart the Computer

When you've finished using Windows XP, be sure to turn off (or shut down) the computer

To turn off the computer:

Click the Start menu.

Click Turn Off Computer.

A dialog box opens. Click Turn Off.

If you're experiencing computer problems or have installed something new, you can simply
restart your computer.

To restart the computer:

Click the Start menu.

Click Turn Off Computer.

A dialog box opens. Click Restart.

Always turn off or restart your computer using this method. Do not turn off your computer by
switching the power off and on. If you do so, you may damage Windows XP.


View the Start button, taskbar and icons on the Windows XP desktop.

Click the Start button and view the cascading menus.

Practice logging off and switching between users.

Shut down your computer properly.


Word processing is the creation of documents using a word processor. It can also
refer to advanced shorthand techniques, sometimes used in specialized contexts
with a specially modified typewriter. The term was coined at IBM's Boeblingen, West
Germany (at that time) Laboratory in the 1960s.

The first word processors were basically computerized typewriters, which did little more than
place characters on a screen, which could then be printed by a printer. Modern word processing
programs, however, include features to customize the style of the text, change the page
formatting, and may be able to add headers, footers, and page numbers to each page. Some may
also include a "Word Count" option, which counts the words and characters within a document.

While all these features can be useful and fun to play with, the most significant improvement
over the typewriter is the word processor's ability to make changes to a document after it has
been written. By using the mouse, you can click anywhere within the text of a document and add
or remove content. Since reprinting a paper is much easier than retyping it, word processing
programs have make revising text documents a much more efficient process.

The term "text editor" can also be used to refer to a word processing program. However, it is
more commonly used to describe basic word processing programs with limited features.

Examples Of Word Processors

a. Ms Word
b. AppleWorks(Mac only)
c. Openoffice.Org
d. PageMaker
e. WordPad


Word processing is the ability to create text and format it so it appears good looking, using different
fonts, fancy characters, formatted paragraphs, and possibly other features not found on classic text
editors. Microsoft Word is a computer application used performs word processing for a document open
in a Microsoft Windows computer.

Launching Microsoft Word

To use Microsoft Word, you must first open it. To do this, you would click Start -> (All) Programs ->
Microsoft Word.

Microsoft Word 2000 is a member of the Microsoft Office 2000 family of applications. As such, it
shares a lot of characteristics with other applications that are part of the same group.

A Microsoft Word file is called a document or a text document. Microsoft Word is a Multiple
Document Interface (MDI). This means more than one document can be opened at a time and a user
can work from many documents alternatively. The first document created when the application starts,
by default, is named Document1. If many documents are created while the program is running, they
can be accessed from the main menu under Window. If the files are not being saved, subsequently
created documents will be called Document2, Document3, and so on.

By default, when Microsoft Word 2000 starts, it displays a menu on top and two adjacent toolbars. In
earlier versions, the application used to display the same toolbars but one on top of the other. These are
the Standard and the Formatting toolbars.

Before digging into the intricacies of text manipulation in Microsoft Word, we will first analyze and
review its interface.

Microsoft Word Interface

Since you have probably used Microsoft Windows before, you are expected to have done some word
processing in WordPad. Therefore, the Microsoft Words interface is surely not intimidating. Although
they share a few things such as some parts of the menus, the presence of two toolbars, a horizontal
ruler, and vertical scroll bars, as a commercial and highly functional word processor, the application
we are about to meet is a full-featured one.

On of the first differences between WordPad and Microsoft Word is the extended menu and toolbars of
the latter. But the biggest difference is that WordPad is a Single Document Interface, which means
only one document at a time can be opened. In Microsoft Word, you can alternate through various
documents, cutting, copying and pasting from one to another with a single instance of the running

Practical Learning: Introducing Microsoft Word

1. To start Microsoft Word, from the Taskbar, click Start -> Programs -> Microsoft Word

2. On top of the application is a long bar called the Title Bar.

On the most left side of the title bar, there is an icon that represents the application. That
application icon also represents menu used to perform many operations related to Microsoft
Word as an application.
To use the system menu on the application icon, click the small icon

3. A menu appears. From the system menu, click Restore

4. To maximize the application again, click the icon again, and click Maximize from the menu

5. On the right side of the icon, there are two groups of words. When Microsoft Word starts, it
creates an empty document called Document1. You can then type your text. If at one time you
find that you need another document, you can initiate a second one. In that case, you would
have Document2. Eventually you can add more documents. We will come back to that feature.
DocumentX represents the name of the file you are working on. If you save your document
under an appropriate name, the new name would display in that area and Document1 or
DocumentX would disappear.
On the right side of Document is the name of the application. Microsoft Word would like you
to know that it is the running application.
On the right side of the applications name, there is a long empty bar; this is the main area of
the title. As empty as it looks, this area can be used to perform many actions because it has a
menu of its own.
To experiment with the title bar, double-click it. The window is restored

6. To access the menu of the title bar, right-click the title bar and click Maximize from the
shortcut menu.
The window application is maximized

7. On the most right side of the title bar system buttons used to perform routine operations on
Microsoft Word as a window.
Every one of these buttons has a name can display it when you position the mouse on top of
the button (this feature is not available in Microsoft Windows 95).
To see how they work, position the mouse on the left button. A tool tip appears displaying
Minimize. Click the Minimize button

8. To restore the window, click Document1 Microsoft Word on the Taskbar.

The Microsoft Word window is maximized

9. Under the title bar, there is a group of aligned words such as File, Edit, View, etc. This group is
called the Menu Bar or the menu.
The menu allows you to perform all or almost all kinds of operations pertinent to word
processing. To use the menu, you have to click one of the words. Here is an example.
Click File

10. The new menu in Microsoft Word 2000 is configured to display the most recently used items
or the items that are most often used with the application. That is why you see the button.
To display the rest of the menu, double-click File

11. The File menu allows you to do many things. For example, from here you can create a new
empty document and do many other things such as closing the current document, saving the
document, or opening an existing file.
Besides the File menu, to view other menu items, position the mouse on Edit. Notice that the
menu is different from the previous. Position the mouse on Format and observe the menu

12. To use a menu example, click Tools -> Options

13. From the Options dialog box, click the Blue Background And White Text check box. Increase
the Recently Used File List to 8 Entries
14. Click OK. Notice that the screen is blue

15. Type: This text is going up front and press Enter. Notice that the (white) text is displaying on
a blue background

16. Again on the main menu, click Tools -> Options

17. From the Options dialog, click the General property sheet. Click the Blue Background And
White Text line to deselect its check box

18. Click the File Locations property page. In the File Types list, make sure the Documents line is
selected or highlighted; if it is not, click Documents to select it.
Click the Modify button

19. From the Modify Location dialog, click the Look In combo box and select the (C:) drive. After
the drive letter displays, double-click My Documents (if you are using Microsoft Windows NT,
you might have to locate the folder where the exercises were installed). Double-click MS Word
Exercises to display it in the Look In combo box.
20. Click OK
21. From the Options dialog, click Close

22. Just like any menu that is part of the operating system, especially programs published by
Microsoft, there are four classic categories of menus in Microsoft Word.

A sub-menu that is gray is temporarily disabled, which means it is not

available. Some examples at this time are Edit -> Paste, Data -> Refresh Data.

To experiment with this kind of menu, click Edit then click Cut. Nothing happens. A menu in
this state will not work, it is waiting for something else to happen, then it will become enabled

23. A sub-menu that stands by itself will perform a simple action, some of
those actions even occur behind the scenes, sometimes giving you the impression that nothing
happened when you clicked them. Examples of such menus include File -> Save, Edit Copy,
etc (The File Save menu will behave like the next category if the workbook has not been
saved yet).

To see an example of such a menu, click File -> Select All.

A sub-menu is a child of another menu. It is used to group menu
items that belong to the same sub-category.

24. Menus in another category have three dots on their line. These menu
items will call a dialog box when you click them.

To see an example, click File, observe that the New... sub-menu has three dots, just like the
disabled Save As..., the Page Setup..., and the Print...
Click New.... Notice that it calls the New property sheet. Click the General property sheet.
Click Blank Document and click OK

25. The last category of menus has a right pointing arrow. You don't need to
click these menus, the arrow means they have a sub-menu; just position your mouse on them
and you will have access to the sub-menu.

To see an example, on the main menu, double-click File, and then position your mouse on
Send To. Notice the Send To sub-menu. While the menu still has focus, on the main menu,
position the mouse on View, then position the mouse on Toolbars. Notice the list of toolbars

26. To dismiss the menu, click the File menu.

26. Whether a menu falls under one of our categories or not, some menu items display a
combination of buttons on their line, these are shortcuts. A shortcut is a key or a combination
of keys that you press (simultaneously) to perform an action.

To see some of the shortcuts, on the main menu, click Edit and notice the shortcuts on Cut or
27. Position the mouse on Format and notice the Cells... shortcut

28. Whenever you have opened a menu by mistake or you simply want to get rid of it, you usually
can click somewhere else or the same menu.

To cancel the open menu, press Esc

29. To perform a single key shortcut, press the corresponding key. To perform a combination key
shortcut, press and hold the first key, then press the second key once.

To see a shortcut in action, notice the name of the document on the title bar (it might be
Press and hold Ctrl, then press n once, and release Ctrl. Notice that the document name on the
title bar has changed.

From now on, if you are asked to press Ctrl + O or + o, this

means press and hold Ctrl, press the letter O once, and then
release Ctrl.


An MDI is a window application that has children windows.

31. Since we already know that Microsoft Word is an MDI, you can check how many documents
are opened at this time, using the main menu.
On the main menu, double-click Window; observe the names of different documents. Click the
second document on the list

32. Some shortcuts can be seen or checked on the main menu, some of the shortcuts are not
obvious, some others are part of the operating system.

To display both workbooks, on the main menu, click Window -> Arrange All.

The Ctrl + F4 shortcut can be used to close a child window in an


33. Some shortcuts can be seen or checked on the main menu, some of the shortcuts are not
obvious, some others are part of the operating system.
To close the current workbook, press Ctrl + F4 (Ctrl + F4 is a Microsoft Windows operating
system's shortcut, that means it applies to almost any MDI application and is used to close a
child window)

34. To maximize the current workbook, press Ctrl + F10

35. Under the menu bar, the Standard toolbar provides some of the most regularly performed
actions of the main menu. Instead of using


General Help

Getting help is the ability to look for guidance or assistance with performing a task. Even the most
skillful Microsoft Word users get stuck sometimes. Therefore, there is no shame with looking for help
and only the most arrogant would pretend to know everything. Help is provided at different levels:
from Microsoft Word, from the Microsoft web site, from friends and colleagues, from a teacher or a
boss, etc.

The primary means of getting help in Microsoft Word is through the main menu. In this case, you can
click Help -> Microsoft Word Help or press F1. This would display a window called Microsoft Word
This HTML Help window is divided in two sections. The right frame displays the result of what is
selected in the left section.

The left part displays categories of help. For detailed and titled sections, you can access the Contents
property page and expand a section. To expand, you can either double-click a header or click its +
button. Some headers are inside of others. Under each header, there are web pages. To see the contents
of a web page, you can click it. This would display the page in the right frame.

The Answer Wizard page allows you to type a question or a word and do a search. To use it, first click
the What Would You Like To Do text box and type:
After typing your question of a word, you can click Search. The Select Topic To Display list box
would then display the matches that the application was able to find. If you find one that is suitable,
you can click it and its page would display in the right frame.

The Index property page displays a list of symbols, characters, and words that would need an
To use it, you can click the Type Keywords text box and start typing, Microsoft Word Help would look
for the next match to what you are typing and display the result.

Practical Learning: Getting Help

1. To access help, press F1 and click Microsoft Word Help on the taskbar

2. In the left section and in the Contents tab, click the + button of Creating, Opening, and Saving
Documents to expand

3. To expand the next header, double-click Opening Documents

4. To display a result, click Show Or hide The List Of Recently Used Documents On The File

5. After reading the result in the right frame, click the Answer Wizard tab
6. In the top text box, type How to close Microsoft Word and click Search

7. In the bottom list, click Close a Document

8. After reading the result in the right frame, click the Index tab

9. Type hyp and notice how the list is completing

10. In the list, double-click hyphenation
11. After viewing the result in the right frame, close Microsoft Word Help

Context-Sensitive Help

Context-sensitive help refers to help provided on a specific item on the screen. Such help is provided
for objects that are part of the Microsoft Word interface. It includes buttons on toolbars or sections of
the status bar, dialog boxes etc. Context-sensitive help is also referred to as Whats This?.

To get context-sensitive help, press Shift + F1. In addition to the traditional arrow, the mouse cursor
would be accompanied by a question mark. To get help on an object, you can just click it.

Another type of context sensitive help is provided in various dialog boxes. They display a button with
a question mark on the left of the system Close button. To use this type of help, click the question
mark button and click the item on which you need help.
Practical Learning: Using Context-Sensitive Help

1. Press Shift + F1 and notice the new mouse cursor

2. On the Standard toolbar, position the mouse on the Open button

3. Click

4. After viewing help, press Esc

5. To get context-sensitive help on a dialog box, on the main menu, click Format -> Paragraph...

6. In the Paragraph dialog box, click the Whats This button and position the mouse on the
Line Spacing combo box
7. Click the Line Spacing combo box
8. After viewing help, click Cancel

The Office Assistant

The Office Assistant is a character or a virtual person whose main job is to provide instant help
when using a Microsoft Office product. To use its service, just click it, then type a word, a sentence, or
a question. After pressing Enter, a primary list of possible matches would be displayed. If you do not
find what is close to your request, you can use the available options or change your request.

If you don't want the Office Assistant on the screen while you are working, you can hide it. To do this,
in Microsoft Word 2000, on the main menu, you can click Help -> Hide Office Assistant. To display it
when it is not available, on the main menu, you can click Help -> Show the Office Assistant.

Practical Learning: Using the Office Assistant

1. If the Office Assistant is not displaying on the screen, on the main menu, click Help -> Show
Office Assistant
To use the Office Assistant, click it

2. Type Create Table and click Search

3. On the list that appears, click Create a table

4. In the Microsoft Word Help that appears, read the text in the right frame

5. After reading it, close the Microsoft Word Help window

Online Help

Online help is a separate program that provides help on Microsoft Word. There are two main types of
online help. If you have access to a Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) CD-ROM or DVD, which
is the help system provided to programmers who use Microsoft technologies (such as Microsoft Visual
Studio), it includes a section on Microsoft Office, which internally includes a sub-category on
Microsoft Word. On that help system and in the left frame, you can expand the link that displays

Although help on the Internet tends to be disparate, it is still the widest form of help available. This is
provided in web sites, web pages, newsgroups, support groups, etc. As the publisher of the word
processor, it is only natural to refer to the Microsoft corporate web site first for help. The Microsoft
web site is divided in categories. A web site is dedicated to Microsoft Word at You can get help at Probably the most
visited site of Microsoft for developers of all Microsoft products is This
last site provides a tree-based list that presents items in categories.

Microsoft Word Exit

Since Microsoft Word shares the same functionality with other applications, you can close it easily.

To close Microsoft Word, from the main menu, you can click File -> Exit

To close Microsoft Word from the system icon, you can either click it and click Close, or you
can double-click its system icon

To close Microsoft Word from its title bar, you can click its Close button

To close Microsoft Word like any regular window of the Microsoft Windows applications, you
can press Alt + F4

To close Microsoft Word using mnemonics, you can press Alt, F, X.


Presentation program (also called a presentation graphics program) is a computer software

package used to display information, normally in the form of a slide show. It typically includes
three major functions: an editor that allows text to be inserted and formatted, a method for
inserting and manipulating graphic images and a slide-show system to display the content.

Examples of Presentation Packages

a. IBM Lotus Freelance graphics

b. Microsoft PowerPoint

c. KPresenter

d. Google Docs

e. Corel Presentations
f. SlideRocket

g. Presentista

h. Prezi

i. Apple Keynote