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Rubber belt filtration

Continuously moving forward

Outotec In Actio
Solid-Liquid separation can be a very important Rubber belt vacuum filters have been
processing step determining the competitiveness of available in industrial scale since
an industrial mineral producer as well as effecting the 1930s. Although structures and
product quality, yield and thermal drying requirements. materials have changed over the years,
Producers of high tonnage, coarse, fast filtering minerals and many suppliers have introduced new
and aggregates, such as limestone, phosphates, filter designs, the fundamental operating
gypsum and potash, etc. traditionally rely upon vacuum principle has remained unchanged.
filtration to fulfill their solid-liquid separation needs. While the world of technology has been
The industry workhorse has been the horizontal rubber radically transformed over the last two
belt vacuum filter capable of efficiently and effectively decades everything stayed as it was
dewatering and washing high tonnages of these with rubber belt filters, and they are
particular products. still one of the most reliable pieces of
equipment in the field of solid liquid
separation. In recent years, Outotec
has combined its knowledge of ridged/
durable mining equipment, innovative
Side Vacuum design allows thinking, and its Pannevis horizontal belt
easy access and improved filtration experience reaching back to
the late 1960s to develop a revolution in
cleanliness continuous rubber belt filtration. The new
Reduced downtime and Outotec Larox RB-SV (rubber belt side
vacuum) horizontal vacuum belt filter
improved safety in operation transforms this old technology to meet
Compact delivery and exceed todays solid-liquid separation

Improved belt lifetimes challenges.

Lower operating costs

The fundamental concept in rubber belt filtration has straightforward design update becomes a significant
been the placement of a vacuum box in the heart of the benefit because the operation is simplified while
equipment, directly underneath the rubber belt and at downtime and maintenance costs are reduced.
the center line of the filter. This location, while effective
for the process turns out to be a major limitation for In addition to relocation, the vacuum box itself has been
cleaning and/or maintenance. During each maintenance modernized. The new vacuum box has been designed to
and/or optimization procedure the unit must be stopped eliminate corners and dead spots, helping to minimize
and the operator must go through the depth of the the locations where scaling/crystallization may occur,
machine to open the vacuum box, leaving the operator adding a major operating benefit. The body of the
exposed to the process environment, which can redesigned vacuum box is made from pipe-like, rounded
comprise safety. material providing a ridged structure that allows even
the selection of plastic material for the wetted parts in
With this limitation in mind, a thorough evaluation was highly corrosive applications.
undertaken, including interviews with experienced
users, and the implementation of truly creative thinking The sealing system between the moving rubber belt
to produce operating and safety modifications that and the stationary vacuum box, with proven reliability
combat inadequacies in the existing designs. The main under the roughest conditions, has not been altered
modification repositions the vacuum box from the heart in comparison to the conventional center box
of the equipment to its side. This relocation enables rubber belt filters. As a result, the new RB-SV is a true
inspection without having to stop, or physically enter, combination of innovative design and proven technology.
the unit.
For applications requiring very large filtration areas and
For applications where crystallization may occur, like bigger/wider filters, vacuum boxes can be located on
potash, phosphoric acid and many others, regular both sides of the filter to ensure the hydraulic capacity
inspection and cleaning of the box is a necessity, so this is adequate for efficient filtration whilst maintaining the
easy accessibility and other benefits of the new design.
While planning to redesign the filter structure to adaptations to the (changing) process are possible with
accommodate the vacuum box relocation other minimal effort and cost.
opportunities for improvement became evident, and
have been included in the The RB-SV filters belt
design upgrade.
Installed filters can then support table was also
modernized including
The drive end of the filter be equipped easily with the another proven concept,
houses several critical tried and true Outotec plant however not from
including the frame, belt
automation system designed conventional rubber
filter technology. Instead,

drive unit, tail pulley, from over 30 years filtration the roller bed support
cake discharge table, process automation knowhow. technology from conveyor
cloth scraper, cloth and belt systems found
belt washing stations in
The modular system structure throughout the industry is
a single, compact area. allows adaptation and or implemented for the belt
These individual modules
extension to match the always support table. Industry
are now integrated into the standard roller beds are
frame, creating a ridged changing needs at any time. utilized, benefitting both
drive frame structure which their rigid support of the
includes all functions. In this new integrated structure rubber belt and eliminating the need for consumables
several potential leakage and/or spilling areas are like water, compressed air or customized slide belts. At
avoided, while the optional cake chute now fits perfectly the same time, they minimize friction when advancing
to the frame, minimizing potential for cake spillage. the belt to the absolute minimum.
This design also includes a standard option to arrange
the cloth washing pipe(s) in different positions, so future
This roller bed conveyor technology has proven to Installed filters can then be equipped easily with
be extremely reliable under high workloads and the the tried and true Outotec plant automation system
toughest conditions. Existing RB-SV filter installations designed from over 30 years filtration process
utilizing this system have shown that, even when a automation knowhow. The modular system structure
significant amount of rollers are deliberately blocked, allows adaptation and or extension to match the always
the belt still runs perfectly smooth and the filter doesnt changing needs at any time.
need to be shut down immediately. This allows for roller
exchange/repair to be delayed until a timelier planned Larox is now Outotec. As a global leader in filtration
production/maintenance stop. technology Outotec has worked closely with many of
the worlds largest industrial minerals producers to
The final RB-SV advancement impacts the structure help optimize their solid-liquid separation needs. With
of the units themselves. The modular frame structure a broad product portfolio Outotec has proven to be a
has been engineered in such a way that the filter can viable solid-liquid separation partner to the Industrial
be assembled and the rubber belt can be spliced, Minerals Industry worldwide.
vulcanized and drilled under optimal conditions in
Outotecs own workshop. Once testing is completed, the Outotecs solutions help to utilize raw materials more
major part of the structure can be easily dismantled so efficiently and minimize water an energy consumption
that only a condensed part of the structure is shipped in as well as emissions and waste.
one piece. Once delivered to the customers site, limited
effort is required to reassemble the filter. This enables
the unit to be ready for operation quickly, without hefty
transportation and lifting costs.

Outotec innovates, develops and delivers sustainable technology and service solutions
to minerals, metals, chemical and energy industries. Outotec collaborates lifelong
with its customers in order to optimize the utilization of raw materials and energy
efficiency as well as to minimize the environmental impact and operating costs.

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