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FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS

UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS

SSI3013
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION
TECHNOLOGY IN SCIENCE
GROUP A

SIMULATION

ENCIK AZMI BIN IBRAHIM

NAME MATRIC NUMBER

NORAIN HANANI BINTI OMAR D20141067077


SITI MARIAM BINTI TAHAR D20141067081
NUR FARAHAIN BINTI ASHARI D20152072047

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SIMULATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TOPIC PAGES
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Sample Model
3.0 Advantages and Disadvantages of
Simulation
4.0 Why Simulation Important Learning
Process
5.0 Simulation Future Learning
6.0 Conclusion
7.0 References

1.0 Introduction

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Technology integration has become popular in education and as teachers are always
looking for ways to effectively utilize technology tools in classrooms. At its inception,
technology in education meant bringing in computers for teachers to use and any available
software that was available. How times have changed! As technology integration evolves in
the classroom, teachers now have a wide variety of teaching tools available to help facilitate
student learning. One such tool is simulations.

A computer simulation is a teaching tool used to provide students with a realistic


experience. It can serve as a technique for enhancing learning and increase a students interest
and awareness in the topic being discussed. Simulations provide opportunities for learners to
explore environments that mirror real-world situations or complex ideas. Simulations also
provide innovative ways to use technology. New computer technologies allow for a variety of
strategies to design learning environments that are realistic, authentic, engaging, and fun.

Simulations work as to provide students with an opportunity to practice problem based


learning through a specific task, issue, crisis, or problem. An experience or real-life situation
is imitated. When the situation or problem is presented, students work together to think of a
possible solution and prove that it works or fits in with certain decision criteria. Students are
generally assigned roles and are expected to act within that role or setting regarding the
subject matter and issues presented. Students carry out their roles in the simulation according
to predetermined behavioral characteristics and descriptions regarding their topic. They
become the character in the simulation and experience the reality of acting in the situation.

2.0 Sample Model

For this assignment, we use our sample for this simulation by using the Stella Simulation in
control of biological control of Biosawit (palm tree). However, this experiment shown the
relationship between the population of pest (rats) and owl which effect in the palm-oil
ecosystem.

The result from the experiment by using Stella stimulation had been observed and discussed.

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Graph 1: The relationship between population of Owl and Rats

Based on the graph above, the number was set automatically by the software. The population
of owls is 8 meanwhile as for the population of rats is 15,000. In beginning of years, both of
population suddenly drop because of lack of food supply. However, the population of rats and
owls automatically increase at 11.50 years because the palm-oil resource increase. Thus, it
can maintain the population of rats and owls. The graph shown that the relationship between
owls and rats towards palm oil ecosystem is constant and positive.

Graph 2: High population of rats vs low population of owl and effects on palm ecosystem

The graph had shown the result of the high population of rats and low population of owl
whereas we can see the number of rats is 18,000 meanwhile as for owl is 10. The relationship
of the two population is not constant and equilibrium.

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Graph 3: Low population of rat vs high population of owl and effects on palm ecosystem
From the graph above shown that the population of rats decrease, and the population of owls
is increases. When the population of owl increase, it will give effects the growth of rats.
However, when the population of owl and rats decrease, it will give effects to the palm-oil
resources in 20.00 years. Where the population of rats will increase and the palm oil
resources decrease and the owl is not exists.

3.0 Advantages and Disadvantages of Simulation

Simulation is the most frequently used operations in research techniques. It has advantages
and disadvantages. For advantages, the system is better to understand by developing a
mathematical model of a system of interest and observing the systems operation in detail
over long period of time. Besides, the system is compress time to test the concept in real
world of simulation using simple models and putting operation into process.

Furthermore, simulation helps you to answer any misconception on facts by


reconstructing the scene and take a closer look at what happened during the process. In
addition, simulation helps to improve and new design on a system. Moreover, simulation is a
wise investment because the cost of simulation study is less than the total amount being
expanded for the implementation of a design or redesign. Next, the advantage is allowing
people to communicate how a system works and what is the effect and the outcomes.

Then, the advantage is, it is more interesting teaching method. The simulation might
contain animation and and interesting interface. Besides, students can practice problem

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solving skills. This is because simulation has scenario based problems that reflects a situation
the learner would encounter in real world.

Disadvantages of simulation are, it requires special training as it is an art that is learned


over the time and through experience. To build a realistic model, it may require domain
knowledge that can only be acquired from someone who expert in this matter. Besides, the
result may be difficult to interpret because the results are in random variables. Furthermore, it
is consume more time, effort and money for analyses the result which is not sufficient for the
problem.

In addition, the disadvantage of simulation is 30 days for trial versions. Moreover, the
limited number of computers are the problem of students to learn the process because
students only use computer in the school since they do not have computer at home. That is
means the learning process only happen in the class. Next, it is burden to teacher and students
if they lack of skills. They need times to explore the system.

4.0 Why simulation is important for learning process

Simulation is important for learning process because, it provides an information or


demonstrative a phenomenon. This is important when the simulation is done on the
phenomenon which is difficult to run in real world for trainee. The example is for a doctor, it is
difficult to them to run the surgery without using the simulator. These might be waste of
money and effort for them.

Besides, it enables practice in learning. It can be applied to many different disciplines


and types of trainees. It is a technique to replace and amplify real experiences with guided
ones, often apply in nature that evoke or replicate substantial aspects of the real world in a
fully interactive fashion.

Furthermore, it examines and tests the knowledge ot give individual feedback.


Simulation shows the result after students did the experiment either they are fail or success.
Students might be learn from their mistakes. The simulation really helps students to improve
their weakness because it gives individual feedback.

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5.0 Simulation Future Learning

Simulation can be use in experimentation, teaching and learning in class and also training
which it can be in-formed of games and role play. In addition, simulation can be used in
representation of system, phenomenon, entity or process of model during learning process.
Furthermore, students are able to use procedural simulation that is typically contain simulated
physical object. It is able students to conduct experiment virtually. For instance, Bio Lab Frog
simulation which are allows learners dissect frogs and perform others experiment by using
simulator.

Moreover, students can learn through continuous simulation in class. It refers to a


computer model of a physical system that continuously tracks system response according to a
set of equations. It is an extensive use of mathematical formulae. In science, it usually use for
electrical circuits and chemical modelling. So, it is convenient for students study through
simulator instead of theory. Technically, students able to understand more on how it works
and functioning.

Besides, students able to gain knowledge through computer simulations. It is used in a


variety of practical context, such as weather forecasting, analysis of air pollution and noise.
Next, students can learn through simulation models in order to discover pattern, rules and
make predictions. Basically, simulation Model is a mathematical business model which
combines both mathematical and logical concepts that tries to emulate a real life system
through use of computer software. Then, assessment of student learning can be conducted in
class through simulation in class. This student-centered space can enable learner-oriented
assessment, where the design of the task is created for active student learning. Students are
actively involved in both self and peer assessment and obtain sustainable formative feedback.

6.0 Conclusion

STELLA is one of example for computer simulation in teaching and learning. This simulation
is suitable to apply in schools since it will empower the understanding about the topics.
Teaching and learning will become more meaningful as it will bring different perspective I
order to expand students thinking and knowledge. Even learning and teaching through
simulation has pros, and it also has cons.

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7.0 References

Zuraidy bin Adnan, Azmi bin Ibrahim, Khairul Annuar bin Abdullah, Dr. Nor Azliana Akmal
binti Jamaludin, Dr.Mohd Fahmi bin Mohamad Amran. (2015). International Journal
of Agriculture Innovation and Research. Long Term Effects Using Biological Control
in Palm-Oil Ecisystem.

UNSW Sydney. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2017, from Assessing with Role Play and
Simulation: https://teaching.unsw.edu.au/assessing-role-play-and-simulation

Hertel, J.P. & Millis, B.J. (2002). Using simulations to promote learning in higher education:
An introduction. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

D., D. (2017, 2 3). concentric. Retrieved 4 16, 2017, from concentric market:
https://concentricmarket.com/blog/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-simulation/