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Chapter 6:

अथ षोडशवग)*यायः॥६॥

atha o a śavargā dhy ā ya ||6||

अथ=now

षोडश =the sixteen

वग0=varga [division]

आ*याय=chapter

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

Now the chapter on the sixteen varga

The system of vedic astrology uses sixteen vargas

or charts to make predictions. Most people are only

familiar with one of the vargas, which is the natal chart. The natal chart is the most common chart used in astrology. From the natal chart comes all the other fifteen vargas. Each varga lays out a specific aspect of the person read. When looking at

a particular area of life for a person then a

particular varga is used and that varga has presidence. Other vargas may be used in conjunction with that varga to round out the reading of the person in that particular matter in life. The reason the word varga is used to describe

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

the charts of vedic astrology is due to the fact that the vargas are simply dividing the space the planets transit through into particular divisions of space. All this will be described in much detail in this chapter.

Chapter 6/ loka 1:

23ता 5हग3णा89व:8तथा रािशग3णा म3>।

2ोत3िम@छािम भावानD EदD8तान् कIपया वद॥१॥

śrutā grahaguṇā stvattastathā r āśiguṇā mune| śrotumicchā mi bhā vā nāṁ bhed āṁst ā n k pay ā

vada||1||

23त =heard

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

23ता =heard

5ह =planet

ग3ण=quality

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

9व:स्=from you [ablative]

तथा =thusly

5हग3णा89व:8तथा =thusly, from you, planet qualities

रािश=zodical sign

ग3ण=quality

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

रािशग3ण=zodical sign quality

म3Mन =muni [refering to the inquired upon sage of

this text] =masculine “i” stem, singular, vocative

म3>=muni

2ोत3O=to hear [infinitive]

इष्= to wish [6 th gana, parasmaipada]

=verb limb

आिम=verb ending, parasmaipada, 3 rd person,

singular

2ोत3िम@छािम =I wish to hear

भाव =astrological house

आनाम्=masculine “a” stem, plural, genitive

भावानD =of the astrological houses

Eद=division

आन्=masculine “a” stem, plural, accusative

तान्=those [pronoun, 1 st person, plural, accusative]

EदD8तान्=distribute those divisions

कIपया =please [indeclinable]

वद=speak [vocative ending] [2 nd person imperative]

Muni I thusly heard from you the planetary qualities, and zodical sign qualities I wish to hear the divisions distributions of the astrological houses. Please tell them!

Much of this loka is self-explainatory, but there is a interesting clue in this loka on how the principles of vedic astrology are taught. First the planets, second the signs, and then the vargas.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 2:

वग)न् षोडश यानाह QRा लोकMपतामहः।

तानहO सOTवUयािम VWXय 2YयतािमMत॥२॥

vargā n o a śa y ā nā ha brahmā lokapit ā maha |

t ā naha sa pravak y ā mi maitreya śr ūyat ā miti||2||

वग0=varga [division]

आन्=masculine “a” stem, plural, accusative

वग)न्=the varga [division]

षोडश =the sixteen

यान्=which [pronoun, plural, accusative]

आह =said

यानाह =which, said

QRा =Brahma

लोकMपतामह =great forefather of mankind

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

लोकMपतामहः =great forefather of mankind

तान्=those [pronoun, 1 st person, plural, accusative]

अहO=I [pronoun, 3 rd , singular, nominative]

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

तानहO= those, I

सOTवUया =will explain

िम=verb ending, parasmaipada, 3 rd person, singular

सOTवUयािम=I will explain

VWXय=Maitreya [inquiring sage in this text]

2YयतD =listen

इMत =[close quote]

2YयतािमMत =listen, [close quote]

Listen Maitreya, I will explain these sixteen Varga which Brahma, the great forefather of mankind said.

Once again the sage inquired in this text is stating that Brahma first spoke of the these sixteen varga. Brahma is the great ancestor of mankind.

Chapter 6/ loka 3:

[XWO होरा च ]X^काण8त3य_शः स`तमDशकः।

नवDशो दशमDशa सYय_शः षोडशDशकः॥३॥

k etra hor ā ca dre k āṇastury āṁśa saptamāṁśaka | navāṁśo da śamāṁśa śca sūry āṁśa

o a śāṁśaka ||3||

[XW =place of orgin [natal chart]

अम्=neuter “a” stem, singular, nominative

[XWO=place of orgin [natal chart]

होरा =two [night and day]

=feminine “ā ” stem, singular, nominative

होरा =two [night and day]

=and

]X^काण=Dre k āṇa

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

त3य0=the 4th

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

अOशक =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

]X^काण8त3य_शः =Dre k āṇa, the 4 th portion

स`तम=the 7 th

अOशक =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

स`तमDशकः =the 7 th portion

नव =the 9 th

अOश =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

नवDशो =the 9 th portion

दशम=the 10 th

अOश =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

दशमDशa =the 10 th portion, and

सYय0=the 12 th

अOश =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

सYय_शः=the 12 th portion

षोडश =the 16 th

अOशक =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

षोडशDशकः =the 16 th portion

The place of orgin [natal chart], Horā, Drekāṇa, the 4 th portion, the 7 th portion, the 9 th portion, the 10 th portion, the 12 th portion, and the 16 th portion. Starting with this loka all sixteen vargas are listed. The vargas are named in regards to how the space of the zodiac is divided. Each of these vargas will be detailed one by one.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 4:

cवशDशो dदबाfOशो भDशghशDशक8ततः।

खdदDशोऽ[dदDशः षk्यOशa ततः Tम्॥४॥

vi ṁśāṁśo vedab ā hva ṁśo bhāṁśastri ṁśāṁśakastata | khaved āṁśo'k aved āṁśa ḥ ṣ a ṣṭhya ṁśa śca tata

pram||4||

cवश =the 20 th

अOशक =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

cवशDशो =the 20 th portion

dद=four

बाm

अOश =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=two

dदबाfOशो =24 th portion

=27th

अOश =portion

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

cWश =30 th

अOशक =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

ततस्=thence

भDशghशDशक8ततः =27 th portion, 30 th portion, in that

place

=zero

dद=four

अOश =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

अ[=five

dद=four

अOश =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

खdदDशोऽ[dदDशः = 40 th portion, 45 th portion

षिk=60 th

अOश =portion

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

षk्यOशa=60 th portion, and

ततः =thence

Tम्=just so

The 20 th portion, 24 th portion, 27 th portion, 30 th portion, 40 th portion, 45 th portion, and the 60 th portion, just so.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 5:

त9[XWO त8य nट8य राpयq य8य नायकः।

सYयrstोuवषv राशौ सv तMtपरीतकम्॥५॥

tatk etra tasya khe asya r āśeryo yasya nā yaka | sūryendvorvi ame r āśau same tadvipar ī takam||5||

तत्=that

[XW =Ketra [natal chart]

अम्=neuter “a” stem, singular, nominative

त9[XWO=That Ketra [natal chart]

त8य=of that [pronoun, 1 st person, masculine,

singular, genitive]

nट=planet

अ8य=masculine “a” stem, singular, genitive

nट8य=the planet

रािश=zodical sign

एः=masculine “a” stem, singular, genitive

यः=which is

राpयq =zodical sign, which is

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

य8य=which that [pronoun, 1 st person, masculine,

singular, genitive]

नायक=lord

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

नायकः=lord

सYय0=Sun

इsz=Moon

वोः=masculine “u” stem, dual, genitive

Mवषम=odd

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

सYयrstोuवषv =in odd, to have the Sun and Moon

रािश=zodical sign

=masculine “i” stem, singular, locative

राशौ =zodical sign

सम=even

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

सv =in even

तत्=that

Mवपरीतक=reversed

अम्=masculine “a” stem, singular, accusative

तMtपरीतकम्=that is reversed

Of that planet which is the lord of that sign that is the K etra [natal chart]. In an odd zodical sign are the Sun and Moon [in that order each holding 15 degrees each]. In an even zodical sign that is reversed.

The first sentence of this loka starts to detail each of the vargas in how they are laid out and whom are the lords of the particular varga portions. The Ketra is the first varga. Ketra refers to a place of orgin for which the Ketra is the orgin of all the other vargas. The Ketra is described in full detail in the zodical sign chapter, which details which planet lords over a particular sign. The following planets rule over the following signs:

Sign

Planet

Aries

Mars

Taurus

Venus

Gemini

Mercury

Cancer

Moon

Leo

Sun

Virgo

Mercury

Libra

Venus

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Scorpio

Sagittarius Jupiter Capricorn Saturn

Mars

Aquarius

Saturn

Pisces

Jupiter

There is deep significance to the lordship of each of these signs. Of all planets, Rahu and Ketu do not lord over a sign due to Rahu and Ketu not having manifest bodies. Rahu and Ketu are planets, but

will lord over things via the lord of the sign they are in. Secondly, each planet except for the Sun and Moon will rule two signs. One sign being a positive sign and one being a negative sign, so planets the planets ruling two signs will have initiatory and receptive themes, circumstances, and environments. Sun is all initiatory and Moon is all receptive. Note the positive and negative of the signs oscillate around the whole zodiac. Much can be deduced from the above graph. At the time of a person’s birth, planets are in certain signs and longitudes. The chart on this page is an example of

a Ketra chart (the Rasi chart is another name for

the Ketra chart), which all the fifteen other vargas

in this chapter will be based on:

The second sentence of this ṣ loka starts to describe the Hor ā varga. The

The second sentence of this loka starts to describe the Horā varga. The Horā chart is made by dividing the zodical signs in the Ketra into two parts. The first part of an odd sign is ruled by the Sun and the latter part is ruled by the Moon. The opposite is true for even signs. You will note that both Sun and Moon have unbroken thirty degree portions, but the thirty degree portions overlap between two signs. From above we know that certain signs are initiative and reception aka have positive and negative qualities, respectively. This would correspond to a Sun and Moon Dynamic,

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

which is also analogous to the divine and nature aspect of the world or some people would say heaven and earth, respectively. Nonetheless, two brings on polarity. Within each positive and negative sign there is a subtly of positive and negative within each sign whether it be positive or negative. There is a give and take within each sign whether it be positive or negative. The Horā is further detailed in the next loka.

Chapter 6/ loka 6:

Mपतरas]हो|शा }वाः सYय08य कीuतताः।

राpर~ भd~ोरा ताaत3ÄवशMतः 8मÅता॥

vषाMद तासD होराणD पMरवÅि:tयO भdत्॥६॥

pitara ścandrahore śā devāḥ sūryasya k ī rtit āḥ| r āśerarddha bhaveddhor ā t āścaturvi ṁśati smt ā || me ṣā di t ā sāṁ hor āṇāṁ parivttidvaya bhavet||6||

MपतÅ=parents

अरः=masculine “ ” stem, plural, nominative

चs]=Moon

होरा =Horā

ईश =lord

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

Mपतरas]हो|शा =the lords of the Moon Hor ā are the

parents

}व =the Divine

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

}वाः=the Divine

सYय0=Sun

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

अ8य=masculine “a” stem, singular, genitive

सYय08य=of the Sun [Horā]

कीuतत =known

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

कीuतताः =are known

रिश=zodical sign

एः=masculine “i” stem, singular, genitive

अध0=half

अम्=masculine “a” stem, singular, accusative

राpर~ =half a zodical sign

भdत्=ought to be [optative]

होरा =Horā

=feminine “ ā ” stem, singular, nominative

भd~ोरा =ought to be, Hor ā

ताः=those [pronoun, 1 st person, feminine, plural,

nominative] चत3ÄवशMत =twenty-four

इः=masculine “i” stem, singular, nominative

अतस्=from this

ताaत3ÄवशMतः =twenty-four, from this

8मÅत =remembered

=feminine “ ā ” stem, singular, nominative

8मÅता =remembered

vष=Aries

आMद=etc.

vषाMद=Aries, etc.

तासD =of

those

[pronoun,

feminine,

1 st

person,

plural, genitive]

होरा =Horā

आनाम्=feminine “ ā ” stem, plural, genitive

होराणD =of the Hor ā

पMरवÅि: =cycles

tय=twice

अम्=neuter “a” stem, singular, nominative

पMरवÅि:tयO= it revolves twice

भdत्=ought to be

The lords of the Moon’s Horā are known as the parents and of the Sun are the Divine. Half of a

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

zodical sign is a Horā. Those [of half a zodical sign] are twenty-four. Of those Horā beginning with Aries, etc. there ought to be two cycles.

The first sentence of this loka details the lordship of the Moon’s and Sun’s Hor ā . The table below details how the lordship alternates:

Sign in

Degrees of Sign in Varga sign

Lord

Kshetra

Aries

0-15

Aries

Sun-Divine

Aries

15-30

Libra

Moon-Parents

Taurus

0-15

Taurus

Moon-Parents

Taurus

15-30

Scorpio

Sun-Divine

Gemini

0-15

Gemini

Sun-Divine

Gemini

15-30

Sagittarius

Moon-Parents

Cancer

0-15

Cancer

Moon-Parents

Cancer

15-30

Capricorn

Sun-Divine

Leo

0-15

Leo

Sun-Divine

Leo

15-30

Aquarius

Moon-Parents

Virgo

0-15

Virgo

Moon-Parents

Virgo

15-30

Pisces

Sun-Divine

Libra

0-15

Libra

Sun-Divine

Libra

15-30

Aries

Moon-Parents

Scorpio

0-15

Scorpio

Moon-Parents

Scorpio

15-30

Taurus

Sun-Divine

Sagittarius

0-15

Sagittarius

Sun-Divine

Sagittarius

15-30

Gemini

Moon-Parents

Capricorn

0-15

Capricorn

Moon-Parents

Capricorn

15-30

Cancer

Sun-Divine

Aquarius

0-15

Aquarius

Sun-Divine

Aquarius

15-30

Leo

Moon-Parents

Pisces

0-15

Pisces

Moon-Parents

Pisces

15-30

Virgo

Sun-Divine

The Sun’s Hor ā are ruled by the Divine and the Moon’s Hor ā are ruled by the Parents. Much can be pondered over the deep significance of the lordship of the Divine and Parents in the Hor ā . It seem logical given the connotations of the Hor ā to be detailed in the next chapter. The second sentence of the loka indicates how the Hor ā is broken out as I have listed in the Hor ā table. Below is the Hor ā chart derived from the Ketra chart above.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati In the K ṣ etra the native’s Sun

In the Ketra the native’s Sun is in the last fifteen degrees of Aries, so the Sun would be placed in Aries in the Hor ā chart as the table above would indicate.

Chapter 6/ loka 7:

रािशMWभागा ]X^काणा8Ñ च षcट्WशदीMरताः।

पMरवÅि:WयO ÑषD vषा}ः Öमशो भdत्॥७॥

r āśitribhā gā dre k āṇā ste ca a tri ṁśad ī ritāḥ| parivttitraya te ṣāṁ me ṣā de krama śo bhavet||7||

रािश=zodical sign

MW =three

भाग=portion

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

रािशMWभागा =the three portion zodical sign

]X^काण=Dre k āṇa

Ñ=those [pronoun, 3 rd person, plural, nominative

]X^काणा8Ñ =are Dre k āṇa, those

=and

षट्=six

cWशद्=thirty

ईMरत=said

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

षcट्WशदीMरताः =thirty-six, said

पMरवÅि: =cycles

Wय=thrice

अम्=neuter “a” stem, singular, nominative

पMरवÅि:WयO=it revolves thrice

ÑषD =of those [pronoun, 1 st person, masculine,

plural, genitive]

vष=Aries

आMद=etc.

एः=masculine “i” stem, singular, ablative

vषा}ः =from Aries, etc.

Öमशो =in that order

भdत्=ought to be

Those Drekāṇa are a third of the zodical sign. It is said there are thirty-six. Of those [Drekāṇa] they revolve thrice beginning with Aries in that order.

This loka will be commented below.

on

in loka

eight

Chapter 6/ loka 8:

8वपOचनवमानD च राशीनD Öमशa Ñ।

नारदा -ऽगि8त -zव)सा ]X^काणXशाaराMदष3॥८॥

svapa canavamā nāṁ ca r āśī nāṁ krama śa śca te| nā rad ā -'gasti-durvā sā dre k āṇe śāścar ā di u||8||

8व =itself [first]

पOच=fifth

नवम=ninth

आनाम्=masculine “a” stem, plural, genitive

8वपOचनवमानD =of the first, fifth, and ninth

=and

रिश=zodical sign

ईनाम्=masculine “i” stem, plural, genitive

राशीनD =of the zodical signs

Öमश =in order

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Öमशa =and, in order

Ñ=those [pronoun, 1 st person, masculine, plural,

nominative]

नारदा -ऽगि8त -zव)सा=Nā rad ā -Agasti-Durvā sā

of ṛṣ i’s]

[names

]X^काण=Dre k āṇa

ईश =lord

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

चर =movable

आMद=etc.

इष3=masculine “i” stem, plural, genitive

]X^काणXशाaराMदष3=movable, etc., Dre k āṇa lords

The Drekāṇa lords of the movable [signs,], etc. [fixed and dual] are Nāradā-Agasti-Durv ās ā. Those [Drekāṇa] are the first, fifth, and ninth of the zodical signs.

The

is

produced and how the Dre k āṇa lords listed in the next loka are allocated in the Dre k āṇa.

below

table

is

how

the

the

Dre k āṇa

Sign in

Degrees of Sign in Varga sign

Lord

Rashi

Aries

0-10

Aries

Narada

Aries

10-20

Leo

Agasti

Aries

20-30

Sagittarius

Durvasa

Taurus

0-10

Taurus

Narada

Taurus

10-20

Virgo

Agasti

Taurus

20-30

Capricorn

Durvasa

Gemini

0-10

Gemini

Narada

Gemini

10-20

Libra

Agasti

Gemini

20-30

Aquarius

Durvasa

Cancer

0-10

Cancer

Narada

Cancer

10-20

Scorpio

Agasti

Cancer

20-30

Pisces

Durvasa

Leo

0-10

Leo

Narada

Leo

10-20

Sagittarius

Agasti

Leo

20-30

Aries

Durvasa

Virgo

0-10

Virgo

Narada

Virgo

10-20

Capricorn

Agasti

Virgo

20-30

Taurus

Durvasa

Libra

0-10

Libra

Narada

Libra

10-20

Aquarius

Agasti

Libra

20-30

Gemini

Durvasa

Scorpio

0-10

Scorpio

Narada

Scorpio

10-20

Pisces

Agasti

Scorpio

20-30

Cancer

Durvasa

Sagittarius

0-10

Sagittarius

Narada

Sagittarius

10-20

Pisces

Agasti

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Sagittarius

20-30

Leo

Durvasa

Capricorn

0-10

Capricorn

Narada

Capricorn

10-20

Taurus

Agasti

Capricorn

20-30

Virgo

Durvasa

Aquarius

0-10

Aquarius

Narada

Aquarius

10-20

Gemini

Agasti

Aquarius

20-30

Libra

Durvasa

Pisces

0-10

Pisces

Narada

Pisces

10-20

Cancer

Agasti

Pisces

20-30

Scorpio

Durvasa

Below is the Dre k āṇa chart derived from the Ketra chart above.

The Sun is in 28 degrees of Aries in the K ṣ etra chart, so

The Sun is in 28 degrees of Aries in the Ketra chart, so Sun is in Saggitarius as the table above would indicate. The lord of the Sun would be Nā rad ā given the Sun is in Aries in the Ketra chart. The Lords of the Dre k āṇa chart are Nā rad ā , Agasti, and Durvā sā , which are all famous sages. These following is some detail on the lords:

Brahma wanted Nā rad ā to take responsibility for procreation, but Nā rad ā refused. Brahma then cursed Nā rad ā to lose his knowledge and lead a life of sensuality and subjection to women and become

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

an eternal wanderer. One time Nā rad ā wanted to know the nature of the illusion of the universe, so Vi ṣṇu led him to a lake and when Nā rad ā looked into the lake he became a woman.

Agasti is associated with Vi ṣṇu in the triad of sages. He is the giver of advice, power of persuasion, messenger between men and gods, found of spreading discord, he is a strife lover, inventor of the lute, author of the code of law and music theory, and a wandering minstrel and mischief maker. Agasti also kills demons, gives divine weapons, and taught vedic rites. Agasti is the mover of mountains.

Durvā sā is associated with Śiva in this triad. Durvā sā is known for losing his temper.

The third house, which relates to the Dre k āṇa chart, deals with matters of self-will and the sages of the Dre k āṇa chart appear to be very willful.

Chapter 6/ loka 9:

8व[)Mदàs]पतय8त3य_pशाः MÖयाMदष3।

सनकa सनsदa कâमारa सनातनः॥९॥

svark ṣā dikendrapatayastury āṁśe śāḥ kriy ā di u| sanaka śca sananda śca kumā ra śca sanā tana ||9||

8व =one’s own

ऋ[=zodical sign

आMद=etc.

às]=first, fourth, seventh, and tenth

पMत =lord

अयः=masculine “i” stem, plural, nominative

त3य0=four

अOश =portion

ईश =lord

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

8व[)Mदàs]पतय8त3य_pशाः =one’s own zodical sign, etc.,

the first, fourth, seventh, and tenth lord

MÖय=Aries

आMद=beginning with

इष3=masculine “i” stem, plural, locative

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

MÖयाMदष3=at Aries, etc.

सनक=Sanaka

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

सनकa=Sanaka, and

सनsद=Sananda

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

सनsदa=Sananda, and

कâमार =Kumāra

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

कâमारa=Kumāra, and

सनातन=Sanā tana

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

सनातनः=Sanā tana

The lords of the four portions are the lords of

the four angles of

one’s zodical sign, etc.

beginning with Aries, etc. Sanaka, Sananda, Kumāra, and Sanātana [are the lords].

The below table is how the Tury āṁśa is produced and how the Tury āṁśa lords listed in the next loka are allocated in the Tury āṁśa.

Sign in

Degrees of Sign in Varga sign

Lord

Rashi

Aries

0-7.5

Aries

Sanaka Sananda Kum ā ra San ā tana Sanaka Sananda Kum ā ra San ā tana Sanaka Sananda Kum ā ra San ā tana Sanaka Sananda Kum ā ra San ā tana Sanaka Sananda Kum ā ra San ā tana Sanaka Sananda

Aries

7.5-15

Cancer

Aries

7.5-22.5

Libra

Aries

22.5-30

Capricorn

Taurus

0-7.5

Taurus

Taurus

7.5-15

Leo

Taurus

7.5-22.5

Scorpio

Taurus

22.5-30

Aquarius

Gemini

0-7.5

Gemini

Gemini

7.5-15

Virgo

Gemini

7.5-22.5

Sagittarius

Gemini

22.5-30

Pisces

Cancer

0-7.5

Cancer

Cancer

7.5-15

Libra

Cancer

7.5-22.5

Capricorn

Cancer

22.5-30

Aries

Leo

0-7.5

Leo

Leo

7.5-15

Scorpio

Leo

7.5-22.5

Aquarius

Leo

22.5-30

Taurus

Virgo

0-7.5

Virgo

Virgo

7.5-15

Sagittarius

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Virgo

7.5-22.5

Pisces

Kum ā ra

Virgo

22.5-30

Gemini

San ā tana

Libra

0-7.5

Libra

Sanaka

Libra

7.5-15

Capricorn

Sananda

Libra

7.5-22.5

Aries

Kum ā ra

Libra

22.5-30

Cancer

San ā tana

Scorpio

0-7.5

Scorpio

Sanaka

Scorpio

7.5-15

Aquarius

Sananda

Scorpio

7.5-22.5

Taurus

Kum ā ra

Scorpio

22.5-30

Leo

San ā tana

Sagittarius

0-7.5

Sagittarius

Sanaka

Sagittarius

7.5-15

Pisces

Sananda

Sagittarius

7.5-22.5

Gemini

Kum ā ra

Sagittarius

22.5-30

Virgo

San ā tana

Capricorn

0-7.5

Capricorn

Sanaka

Capricorn

7.5-15

Aries

Sananda

Capricorn

7.5-22.5

Cancer

Kum ā ra

Capricorn

22.5-30

Libra

San ā tana

Aquarius

0-7.5

Aquarius

Sanaka

Aquarius

7.5-15

Taurus

Sananda

Aquarius

7.5-22.5

Leo

Kum ā ra

Aquarius

22.5-30

Scorpio

San ā tana

Pisces

0-7.5

Pisces

Sanaka

Pisces

7.5-15

Gemini

Sananda

Pisces

7.5-22.5

Virgo

Kum ā ra

Pisces

22.5-30

Sagittarius

San ā tana

Below is the Tury āṁśa chart derived from the Ketra chart above.

Sun in the K ṣ etra chart is in the first quarter of Taurus, thus

Sun in the Ketra chart is in the first quarter of Taurus, thus Sun is in Taurus in the Tury āṁśa chart with its lord as Sanaka.

The four lords of the Tury āṁśa chart are all sages just like the Dre k āṇa chart. In particular, these sages are the Kumaras. The Kumaras are four eternal youths. Kumā ra is the chief of them. They are considered the “mental sons of Brahma”. They are learned in the Vedas, celebate, and traveled together. They also teach son-giving austerities.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

The four Kumaras represent the following four principles of knowledge: Sanaka is Saamkhya, or the analytical study of the elements; Sanandana is Yoga, or practicing mysticism for enlightenment; Sanatkumara is Tapas, or voluntary penance for the attainment of knowledge; and Sanatana is Vairagya, or renunciation of attachments for attaining liberation respectively. (This paragraph from “Deities in Vargas” by Gauranga Das.)

Chapter 6/ loka 10:

स`तDशपा89वोजगÅç गणनीया Mनéशतः।

य3èमराशौ त3MवêXयाः स`तम[)Mदनायकात्॥१०॥

sapt āṁśap ā stvojaghe ga anī y ā nije śata | yugmar āśau tu vijñey āḥ saptamark ṣā dinā yak ā t||10||

स`त =seven

अOश =portion

=ruling

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

त3=then

ओज=odd

गÅह =zodical sign

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

स`तDशपा89वोजगÅç =then, odd zodical sign, ruling seven

portions

गण=count

नीय=leading

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

गणनीया =leading o - the count

Mनज=one’s

इशत =lord

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

Mनéशतः =one’s lord

य3èम=even

रिश=zodical sign

=masculine “i” stem, singular, locative

य3èमराशौ =in even zodical sign

त3=then

MवêXय=to be known

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

MवêXयाः=to be known

स`तम=seventh

ऋ[=zodical sign

आMद=etc.

नायक=lord

आत्=masculine “a” stem, singular, ablative

स`तम[)Mदनायकात्=from lord, seventh zodical sign, etc.

In the case of the seventh portion rulers, when in an odd zodical sign the count leads from one’s own lord, it is to be known that when in an even zodical sign [it leads o% ] from the seventh zodical sign lord, etc.

This loka will be discussed below with loka 11.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 11:

[ार -[ीरौ च द*याìयौ तî[3रससïभवः।

मñश3~जलावोé सv श3~जलाMदकाः॥११॥

k ṣā ra-k ṣī rau ca dadhy ā jyau tathek urasasambhava | madya śuddhajal ā voje same śuddhajal ā dik āḥ||11||

[ार =Kṣāra

[ीर =Kṣīra

=masculine “a” stem, dual, nominative

[ार -[ीरौ =Kṣāra-Kṣīra

=and

दMध=Dadhi

आìय=Ājya

=masculine “a” stem, dual, nominative

द*याìयौ =Dadhi, Ājya

तथा =thusly

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

इ[3रस

सïभव =equally in the same way

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=Ik urasa

तî[3रससïभवः=thusly, Ik urasa, even sign

मñ =Madya

श3~जल=Śuddhajala

आव =those [1 st person pronoun]

ओज=odd

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

मñश3~जलावोé=those in odd, Madya, Śuddhajala

सम=even

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

सv =in even

श3~जल=Śuddhajala

आMदक=etc.

आः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

श3~जलाMदकाः =Śuddhajala, etc.

Thusly in the odd signs are K ṣāra, K ṣī ra, Dadhi, Ā jya, and equally Ikurasa, Madya, and Ś uddhajala. In even signs Ś uddhajala, etc.

The Bhu-mandala, or the planetary system of the Earth is divided into seven islands, which lie in concentric circles. The central island (of which our Earth is a part) is called Jambudvipa, the next one is Plaksha, then Shalmali, Kusha, Krauncha, Shaka and finally Pushkaradvipa forms the last and widest circle. In between every two islands there is an ocean, each of a di -erent subtance. Jambudvipa is surrounded by Ksara-uda, or salt-water ocean, Plakshadvipa by Ikshu-rasa, or sugarcane juice, Shalmalidvipa is surrounded by Sura, or liquor, then the next is Ghrita (clarified butter), Kshira (milk), Dadhi-manda (emulsified yogurt) and Suddha-uda (sweet water). The names of these oceans are closely similar to the names of the seven Saptamshas. In the Bhagavata Purana more information is found on the rulers, inhabitants and landscape of these islands. This information pertaining to the Bhu-mandala comes from the 5 th Canto of Srimad Bhagavatam.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Kshara refers to the salt water ocean, and Jambudvipa, the middle island, which is surrounded by it. Jambudvipa is further divided into nine continents, where the di -erent forms of the personality of Godhead are worshipped. In Bhadrasva-varsha Hayagriva [the incarnation with a horse-head] is worshipped. In Ilavarta-varsha Sankarsana [Lord of false ego] is worshipped. In Hari-varsha, Narasimhadeva [the lion head incarnation] is worshipped. In Ketumala-varsha Lord Hrisikesha is worshipped as Kamadeva. In Ramyaka-varsha, Matsya [the fish incarnation] is worshipped. In Hiranmaya-varsha, Kurma [the tortoise incarnation] is worshipped. In Uttarakuru- varsha, Varahadeva [ the Boar incarnation] is worshipped. In Kimpurusa-varsha, Lord Rama is worshipped and in Bharata-varsha, Nara-Narayana is worshipped. So these deities all relate to Kshara portions. The nine Deities worshipped here closely resemble the Deities of the Navagrahas listed by Parasara in BPHS, for the exception of Krishna, Buddha and Parasurama. In my opinion they are replaced here by Nara-Narayana, Hayagriva and Sankarsana respectively.

(The above information from “Deities in Vargas” by Gauranga Das.)

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 12:

नवDpशाa| त8माि98थ| तsनवमाMदतः।

उभò त9पOचमा}MरMत िचs9यO Mवच[णôः॥

}वा नÅरा[साaôव चराMदष3गÅçष3च॥१२॥

navāṁśe śāścare tasmā tsthire tannavamā dita | ubhaye tatpa camā deriti cintya vicak a ai || devā nr ā k asāścaiva car ā di u ghe u ca||12||

नवDश =Navāṁśa

इश =ruler

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

चर =movable

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

नवDpशाa|=in the movable, Navāṁśa rulers

त8मात्=from that

ि8थर =fixed

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

त8माि98थ| =from that, at fixed

तत्=that

नवम=the 9 th

आMदत =etc.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

तस्=[ablative]

तsनवमाMदतः =that, the 9 th , etc.

उभय=dual

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

उभò=at dual

तत्=that

पOचम=the 5 th

आMद=etc.

एः=masculine “i” stem, singular, ablative

इMत =[close quote]

त9पOचमा}MरMत =that from the 5 th , etc., [close quote]

िचs9य =to be thought about

अम्=masculine “a” stem, singular, accusative

िचs9यO=to be thought about

Mवच[ण =wise

ऐः=masculine “a” stem, plural, instrumental

Mवच[णौः =by the wise

}व =Divine

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

}वा=Divine

नÅ=Human

रा[स =Demon

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

=and

एव =just so

नÅरा[साaôव =Humans, Demons, and, just so

चर =movable

आMद=etc.

इष3=masculine “i” stem, plural, locative

चराMदष3= in the movable [sign], etc.

गÅह =zodical sign

एष3=masculine “a” stem, plural, locative

गÅçष3= in the zodical sign

=and

In the movable [zodical sign] the Nav āṁś a rulers [start] from that [zodical sign]. In a fixed [zodical sign] count from the 9 th , etc. In a dual zodical sign count from the 5 th , etc. This is how the wise do it. The Divine, the Humans, and the Demons are in the movable, etc. zodical sign.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

The lords of the Navāṁśa reflect types of living beings. In particular the temperment of each. The Divine is related to a conservative temperment, a human has a medium temperment, and a Demon has a liberal temperment.

Chapter 6/ loka 13:

दशमDशाः 8वतaौé य3èv तsनवमात् 8मÅताः।

दशपYव)MदMदõपाला इs]ा -ऽिú -यम-रा[साः॥१३॥

da śamāṁśāḥ svata ścauje yugme tannavamā t smt āḥ| da śap ūrvā didikp ā l ā indr ā -'gni-yama-r ā k asāḥ||13||

दशम=tenth

अOश =portion

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

दशमDशाः =tenth portions

8वतस्=from its own

=and

ओज=odd

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

8वतaौé=from one’s own odd

य3èम=even

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

य3èv =in even

तत्=that

नवम=nineth

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

आत्=masculine “a” stem, singular, ablative

तsनवमात्=that, from the nineth

8मÅत =prescribed

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

8मÅताः =prescribed

दश =ten

पYव0=all

आMद=etc.

Mदõपाल=guardian of a particular section of the sky

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

पYव)MदMदõपाला =guardians of a particular section of the

sky

इs]ा =Indr ā

अिú =Agni

यम=Yama

रा[स =R ā k asa

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

इs]ा -ऽिú -यम-रा[साः= Indr ā , Agni, Yama, R ā k asa

In an odd [sign start] from its own and in an even [sign start] from its ninth. That is how all the tenth portion is prescribed. The guardians of a particular section of sky are Indrā, Agni, Yama, and Rākasa.

This loka will be discussed in the next loka.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 14:

वùणो माùतaôवकâû|शान -पüजाः।

अनsतa Öमादोé सv वा †य39Övण त3॥१४॥

varuo mā ruta ścaivakubere śā na-padmaj āḥ| ananta śca kramā doje same vā vyutkrame a tu||14||

वùण = Varua

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

वùणो =Varua

माùत=M ā ruta

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

एव =just so

माùतaôव =M ā ruta, and, just so

कâûर =Kubera

इशान =I śāna

कâû|शान =Kubera, Iśāna

पüज=Padmaja

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

पüजाः =Padmaja

अनsत =Ananata

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

=and

अनsतa=Ananata, and

Öमात्=in that order

ओज=odd [sign]

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

Öमादोé=in that order, in odd [sign]

सम=even

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

सv =in even [sign]

वा =or

†य39Öम=inverted order

एन =masculine “a” stem, singular, instrumental

†य39Övण=with inverted order

त3=then

Varua, Māruta, Kubera, Iśāna, Padmaja, and Ananata in that order in odd [sign] or in even [sign] with the order inverted.

Indra is the king of the demigods, and he lords the eastern direction, from where material and spiritual development may come. Agni is the demigod of fire, and he rules the south-eastern direction. So homefire, digestion, cooking and all kinds of transformation depend on fire. Yama is the lord of the dead, and he lords the southern direction. He represents the mentality of wasting our human lifetime in temporary materialistic activities, and thereby not preparing ourselves for death and the next lifetime. All these sinful people are dragged to the court of Yamaraja after death, where He punishes them for their sinful activities. Raksahsa or Niruthi is the lord of the south-western direction, and all kinds of inauspicious activities come from him. Varuna is the lord of rains, and rules the western direction. All kinds of prosperity and happiness can come from there. Vayu is the lord of the winds, and he is residing in the North-western direction. He rules all the things connected with air, like communications, travels, movement etc. Kubera is the treasurer of the demigods, and he gives wealth. The northern direction is ruled by him. Ishan is the name of Lord Shiva, who is the lord of

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

the material energy (Shakti). Therefore by his help we can escape from the clutches of the material energy and get back to the spiritual world. He rules the north-eastern direction, which is favourable for spiritual development. In Sanskrit it is called Ishanya. Isha is also the name of the Supreme Lord Narayana, who is Parameshwara (the supreme controller), while Lord Shiva, his incarnation is called Maheshwara (the great controller). So Lord Shiva is also called Vaishnavanam yatha, or the greatest devotee of Lord Vishnu, as He is always meditating on His lotus feet (Om tad vishnu paramam padam sadaa pashyanti surayah, Rg Veda) Brahma is the creator of the universe, and the first created living entity as well. He resides on Brahmaloka, the highest planet in this universe. So He is in the upward direction, or Zenith (Midheaven), and he is the one who rules the 10th house of the horoscope as well. He gives the intelligence for creative work. And the last one is Anantadeva, the thousand-hooded serpent, who supports all te planetary systems on His heads. He lives in the bottom of the universe and is always engaged in singing the glories of the Supreme Lord. He is situated at the Nadir, or the downward direction. He is the basis and the foundation of everything, and he is the one who destroys the universe at the end of the period of its existence.

However we should note that Brahma climbed down on the stem of the lotus after he was born, so he rules the downward direction of entanglement in the karmic reactions, while Ananta’s heads uphold the planets, so he indicates Moksha, or liberation, and the knowledge leading to it. Therefore he would control the upwards direction. It is noteworthy that the ten Dikpalas are not only the lords of the ten directions but also those of the Dasamsa (D-10 divisions), which rule the fruits of one’s actions. Their spouses are symbolic of the fruits of these actions. In addition, the weapons of the Dikpalas are the special skills and strengths that help to achieve the purpose. The Dikpalas instead symbolize the objectives and goals themselves. These objectives can be purely mundane when the directions are either of the eight in the horizontal plane signifying the mundane or material plane of consciousness. The objective can be one of knowledge when the direction is the vertical downward signifying ‘digging for knowledge’ and the Dikpala is the omniscient Brahma Whose knowledge is complete and perfect. The Vertical upward direction is ruled by Ananta (a form of Viñëu) signifying the objective of Moksha or final emancipation from the cycle of rebirth. The worship of the ten Dikpalas (or the specific Dikpala ruling the direction of the objective) makes the goal clear

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

and well defined. Worship of the weapon of the Dikpala gives us the ability and the strength of purpose to achieve the goal. Worship of the spouse of the Dikpala ensures that the fruits of the actions or the goal, when finally achieved are to our taste and liking. This obviates the possibility that we do not regret getting what we asked or worked towards.

Chapter 6/ loka 15:

tादशDश8य गणना त:9[XWाMtMनuदpत्।

Ñषामधीशाः Öमशो गणXशाऽि°-यमाहयाः॥१५॥

dvā da śāṁśasya ga anā tattatk etr ā dvinirdi śet| te ṣā madhīśāḥ krama śo ga e śā ' śvi-yamā hay āḥ||15||

tादश=the twelfth

अOश =portion

अ8य=masculine “a” stem, singular, genitive

tादशDश8य =the twelfth, portion

गणना =counting

=feminine “ā ” stem, singular, nominative

गणना =counting

त:त्=each and every

[XW =zodical sign

आत्=masculine “a” stem, singular, ablative

MवMनuदpत्=ought to assign

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

त:9[XWाMtMनuदpत्=ought to assign, from this or that

zodical sign

Ñषाम्=those [pronoun, 1 st person, plural, genitive]

अधीश=lord

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

Ñषामधीशाः =understand those

Öमशो =by degrees

गणXशा =Ga eśā

अि°=Aśvi

यमा =Yamā

हय=Haya

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

गणXशाऽि°-यमाहयाः=Ga eśā , Aśvi, Yamā , Haya

Counting of the twelfth portion one ought to assign each from its zodical sign. Lords of those degrees in order are Gaeśā, A ś vi, Yamā, Haya.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 16:

चरा =movable

अज-cसहाऽि°तो êXया षोडशDशाaराMदष3।

आMद=etc.

अज-Mव^णYहरः सYयq ¢ोé य3èv Tतीपकम्॥१६॥

इष3=masculine “i” stem, plural, genitive

aja-si hā ' śvito jñey ā ṣ o a śāṁśāścar ā di u| aja-vi ṣṇū hara sūryo hyoje yugme prat ī pakam||

षोडशDशाaराMदष3=sixteen portions, of movable, etc.

16||

अज=Aja

Mव^णY=Viṣṇu

अज=Aries

=masculine “u” stem, dual, nominative

cसहा =Leo

अज-Mव^णY=Aja, Viṣṇū

अि°=Saggitarius

हर =Hara

तस्=[ablative su0x]

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

अज-cसहाऽिशवतो =from Aries, Leo, Saggitarius

हरः=Hara

êXया =to be known

सYय0=Sūrya

अः=masculine “a” stem, singular, nominative

सYयq =Sūrya

Mह =verily

ओज=odd

षोडश =sixteen

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

अOश =portion

¢ोé=verily, in odd

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

य3èम=even

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

य3èv =in even

Tतीपक=in the opposite direction

अम्=masculine “a” stem, singular, accusative

Tतीपकम्=in the opposite direction

If the sixteenth portion is in a movable sign start

from Aries, if in a fixed sign start from Leo, if in

a dual sign start from Saggitarius. This is to be

known. Verily in an odd sign is Aja, Vi ṣṇū, Hara, and S ūrya. In an even sign [those dieties] are in the opposite direction.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 17:

अथ cवशMतभागानामMधपा QRणोMदताः।

MÖया@च| ि8थ| चापान् मŧs]ाद् Mt8वभावà॥१७॥

atha vi ṁśatibhā gā nā madhip ā brahma odit āḥ| kriy ā ccare sthire c ā p ā n mgendr ā d dvisvabhā vake||

17||

अथ=Now

cवशMत =twenty

भाग=portion

आनाम्=masculine “a” stem, plural, genitive

अMधप=lord

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

cवशMतभागानामMधपा =of the twenty portions

QRण=Brahma

उMदत =spoke

आः=masculine “a” stem, plural, nominative

QRणोMदताः =Brahmin spoke

MÖय=Aries

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

आत्=masculine “a” stem, singular, ablative

चर =movable

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

MÖया@च|=in movable, from Aries

ि8थर =fixed

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

ि8थ| =in fixed

चाप=Saggitarius

आत्=masculine “a” stem, singular, ablative

चापान्=from Saggitarius

मŧs]=Leo

आत्=masculine “a” stem, singular, ablative

मŧs]ाद्=from Leo

Mt8वभावक =dual sign

=masculine “a” stem, singular, locative

Mt8वभावà =in dual sign

Now in a movable [sign] start from Aries, in a fixed [sign] start from Saggitarius, in a movable

[sign] start from Leo . This is what spoke of the lords of the twenty portions.

© 2006 Michael Douglas Neely a.k.a. Prashanti Sarasvati

Chapter 6/ loka 18:

काली गौरी जया लUमीMवजया Mवमला सती।

तारा ìवालाम3खी °Xता लिलता बगलाम3खी॥१८॥

k ā l ī gaur ī jay ā lak mī vijay ā vimal ā satī |

t ā r ā jvā l ā mukhī śvet ā lalitā bagal ā mukhī ||18||

काली =Kālī

=feminine “ī ” stem, singular, nominative

काली =Kālī

गौरी=Gaur ī

=feminine “ ī ” stem, singular, nominative

गौरी=Gaur ī

जया =Jay ā

=feminine “ā ” stem, singular, nominative